CN104285854A - Method for breeding metapenaeus ensis in rice field - Google Patents

Method for breeding metapenaeus ensis in rice field Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104285854A
CN104285854A CN201410470236.1A CN201410470236A CN104285854A CN 104285854 A CN104285854 A CN 104285854A CN 201410470236 A CN201410470236 A CN 201410470236A CN 104285854 A CN104285854 A CN 104285854A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
paddy
shrimp
water
rice
seedling
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Pending
Application number
CN201410470236.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈建明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Suzhou Yangcheng Lake Modern Agriculture Industrial Park Special Aquaculture Co Ltd
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Suzhou Yangcheng Lake Modern Agriculture Industrial Park Special Aquaculture Co Ltd
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Application filed by Suzhou Yangcheng Lake Modern Agriculture Industrial Park Special Aquaculture Co Ltd filed Critical Suzhou Yangcheng Lake Modern Agriculture Industrial Park Special Aquaculture Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410470236.1A priority Critical patent/CN104285854A/en
Publication of CN104285854A publication Critical patent/CN104285854A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/50Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish
    • A01K61/59Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish of crustaceans, e.g. lobsters or shrimps
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for breeding metapenaeus ensis in a rice field. The method comprises the steps of a, rice field selection, wherein a 2-3 mu rice field is selected; b, preparation before young metapenaeus ensis releasing, wherein field cleaning, water cultivation and rice planting are conducted; c, offspring seed releasing, wherein 0.6-0.7 cm long young metapenaeus ensis is released; d, breeding management, wherein feeding, water quality management and disease control are conducted; e, harvesting. The metapenaeus ensis bred with the method has the advantages of being large in size and high in meat quality, the yield is high, and good breeding economic benefits are realized.

Description

A kind of paddy field aquaculture base encloses the method for shrimp
Technical field
The present invention relates to aquaculture field, particularly relate to a kind of method that paddy field aquaculture base encloses shrimp.
Background technology
Aquaculture is bred under manual control, cultivate and gather in the crops the activity in production of aquatic animals and plants, to form the overall process of aquatic products from seed under generally comprising artificial feeding management, broadly also Enhancement of fishery resources can be comprised, aquaculture has extensive cultivation, the mode such as intensive culture and high density culture, extensive cultivation be in, seed is thrown in small-sized natural water area, aquatic products are formed completely by natural bait, intensive culture is with bait throwing in comparatively small size pond, fertilizing method forms aquatic products, high density culture adopts flowing water, temperature control, oxygenation and the methods such as high-quality bait of throwing something and feeding, high-density breeding is carried out in small size pond, thus acquisition high yield.
It is nutritious that base encloses shrimp, and its meat is soft, easy to digest, in poor health and need the people taken good care of to be fabulous food after being ill; Containing abundant magnesium in shrimp, well can protect cardiovascular system, it can reduce blood cholesterol level, prevents arteriosclerosis, simultaneously can also coronary artery dilator, is conducive to preventing hypertension and myocardial infarction; Shrimp also has tonifying kidney and strengthening yang, logical breast is antitoxin, the controlling nocturnal emission with astringent drugs that nourishes blood, dissolving blood stasis and detoxication, beneficial gas grow sun, remove obstruction in channels to relieve pain, effect such as to reduce phlegm of whetting the appetite, therefore base encloses the favor that shrimp is more and more subject to people, propagate base artificially to enclose shrimp and have market prospects widely, but at present to enclose the breeding way of shrimp also immature for base, the base cultivated out encloses that shrimp output is lower, quality is poor again.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention mainly solves is to provide a kind of method that paddy field aquaculture base encloses shrimp, and the base cultivated out encloses shrimp and has the advantages that individuality is large, meat quality is high, and output is high simultaneously, has good fanning economics.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the present invention adopts is: provide a kind of paddy field aquaculture base to enclose the method for shrimp, comprises the steps: a, rice field selects, and b, puts before seedling and prepares, and c, seed are thrown in, d, feeding and management, e, receives and catches;
Described a, rice field are selected to comprise: choose area be 2-3 mu, have abundant water resources, water quality is good, irrigation and drainage are a unimpeded paddy field, and dig " mouth " font circular groove in the surrounding of described paddy field, and the dykes and dams widened and increase described paddy field surrounding that fetch earth in ditch, enter discharge outlet at described paddy field and also will arrange and anti-escape net;
Described b, put before seedling and prepare to comprise: clear field, train water and intercut paddy rice; Described clear field is: plough whole paddy field, the then every mu of quicklime 75kg that splashes, to kill the wild fishes of Tanaka and bacterium etc.; Described training water is: in clear Tian Houyi week, water filling 5-10cm in paddy field, then every mu of stercoration 300-400kg, to cultivate the biological feed of Tanaka; Describedly intercut paddy rice and comprise: mid or late May intercuts " B excellent 811 ", and every mu is intercutted 15000-18000;
Described c, seed are thrown in and comprise: the time of putting in a suitable place to breed is early and middle ten days in June, now supplies seedling pool inner water temperature similar to the water temperature of paddy field, choose the long 0.6-0.7cm of body, physique stalwartness, the yellowish-brown clean neat shrimp seedling of body surface, put 50,000 tails in a suitable place to breed for every mu;
Described d, feeding and management comprise: bait throwing in, water quality management and disease control; Described bait throwing in is: the shrimp seedling base that starts after growing month to throw something and feed encloses shrimp special compound feed, day feeding volume be the 6-8% of shrimp body weight, every natural gift are thrown something and fed for 3 times; Described water quality management is: between the 7-9 month every two days, change water 1 time, each quantity of exchanged water is 1/2 of rice field, shrimp anoxic is enclosed to avoid base, and in paddy field, raise together with the long silver carp summer flower for 3-5cm of some bodies with regulating water quality, raising together with quantity is 500-600 tail/mu, make water quality transparency control at 35-40cm, pH value controls at 7-9; The anti-evil of described virus is: the Operand of every first quarter moon every mu 0.2ppm is aided with the prevention that prawn disease is carried out in antibiotic spray water rice field;
Described e, receipts are caught and are comprised: cultivation starts receipts after 3-4 month and catches, and whole receipts are caught complete before paddy rice harvesting.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, described c, seed are thrown in and also comprise: shrimp seedling aborts before rice field, and also need prawn seedling to carry out desalination process, desalinate seed with the water that proportion is 1.002-1.003, fade time is 7-15 days.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, described e, receive and catch, receiving the mode of catching is that cage is received shrimp, drawn in the net shrimping or dry field and discharge water and receive shrimp.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: paddy field aquaculture base of the present invention encloses the method for shrimp, by preparing before selecting suitable aquaculture water rice field, reasonably putting seedling and selecting good seed to carry out throwing in, catch complete in conjunction with the feeding and management receiving before paddy rice harvesting of science, the base cultivated out encloses shrimp and has the advantages that individuality is large, meat quality is high, output is high simultaneously, has good fanning economics.
Embodiment
Below preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in detail, can be easier to make advantages and features of the invention be readily appreciated by one skilled in the art, thus more explicit defining is made to protection scope of the present invention.
The embodiment of the present invention comprises:
Paddy field aquaculture base encloses a method for shrimp, comprises the steps: a, rice field selects, and b, puts before seedling and prepares, and c, seed are thrown in, d, feeding and management, e, receives and catches;
Described a, rice field are selected to comprise: choose area be 2.5 mu, have abundant water resources, water quality is good, irrigation and drainage are a unimpeded paddy field, and dig " mouth " font circular groove in the surrounding of described paddy field, dark 1 meter of described circular groove, wide 1 meter, and the dykes and dams widened and increase described paddy field surrounding that fetch earth in ditch, simultaneously enter discharge outlet at described paddy field and also will arrange and anti-ly escape net;
Described b, put before seedling and prepare to comprise: clear field, train water and intercut paddy rice; Described clear field is: plough whole paddy field, the then every mu of quicklime 75kg that splashes, to kill the wild fishes of Tanaka and bacterium etc.; Described training water is: clear Tian Houyi week, water filling 5-10cm in paddy field, and then choose a fine day stercoration 750-1000kg, splash superphosphate 12.5kg, to cultivate the biological feed of Tanaka; Describedly intercut paddy rice and comprise: mid or late May intercuts " B excellent 811 ", intercuts 40000 altogether;
Described c, seed are thrown in and comprise: the time of putting in a suitable place to breed is early and middle ten days in June, now supplies seedling pool inner water temperature similar to the water temperature of paddy field, choose the long 0.6-0.7cm of body, physique stalwartness, the yellowish-brown clean neat shrimp seedling of body surface, put 12.5 ten thousand tails altogether in a suitable place to breed;
Described d, feeding and management comprise: bait throwing in, water quality management and disease control; Described bait throwing in is: the shrimp seedling base that starts after growing month to throw something and feed encloses shrimp special compound feed, day feeding volume be the 6-8% of shrimp body weight, every natural gift are thrown something and fed for 3 times; Described water quality management is: between the 7-9 month every two days, change water 1 time, each quantity of exchanged water is 1/2 of rice field, shrimp anoxic is enclosed to avoid base, and in paddy field, raise together with the long silver carp summer flower for 3-5cm of some bodies with regulating water quality, raising together with quantity is 1500 tails, make water quality transparency control at 35-40cm, pH value controls at 7-9; The anti-evil of described virus is: the Operand of every first quarter moon every mu 0.2ppm is aided with the prevention that prawn disease is carried out in antibiotic spray water rice field;
Described e, receipts are caught and are comprised: cultivation starts receipts after 3-4 month and catches, and whole receipts are caught complete before paddy rice harvesting.
Wherein, described c, seed are thrown in and also comprise: shrimp seedling aborts before rice field, and also need prawn seedling to carry out desalination process, desalinate seed with the water that proportion is 1.002-1.003, fade time is 10 days.Shrimp seedling is generally hatched in the seawater, first to its desalination process before input, makes shrimp seedling adapt to fresh water environment, and then improves its survival rate.
Described e, receive and catch, receiving the mode of catching is that cage is received shrimp, drawn in the net shrimping or dry field and discharge water and receive shrimp.Rate of fishing for is high, can gather in paddy rice after all fishing for.
Present invention is disclosed a kind of method that paddy field aquaculture base encloses shrimp, by preparing before selecting suitable aquaculture water rice field, reasonably putting seedling and selecting good seed to carry out throwing in, catch complete in conjunction with the feeding and management receiving before paddy rice harvesting of science, the base cultivated out encloses shrimp and has the advantages that individuality is large, meat quality is high, output is high simultaneously, has good fanning economics.
The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention; not thereby the scope of the claims of the present invention is limited; every utilize description of the present invention to do equivalent structure or equivalent flow process conversion; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical fields, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. paddy field aquaculture base encloses a method for shrimp, it is characterized in that, comprises the steps: a, rice field selects, and b, puts before seedling and prepares, and c, seed are thrown in, d, feeding and management, e, receives and catches;
Described a, rice field are selected to comprise: choose area be 2-3 mu, have abundant water resources, water quality is good, irrigation and drainage are a unimpeded paddy field, and dig " mouth " font circular groove in the surrounding of described paddy field, and the dykes and dams widened and increase described paddy field surrounding that fetch earth in ditch, enter discharge outlet at described paddy field and also will arrange and anti-escape net;
Described b, put before seedling and prepare to comprise: clear field, train water and intercut paddy rice; Described clear field is: plough whole paddy field, the then every mu of quicklime 75kg that splashes, to kill the wild fishes of Tanaka and bacterium etc.; Described training water is: clear Tian Houyi week, water filling 5-10cm in paddy field, then executes the muck 300-400kg after fermentation, to cultivate the biological feed of Tanaka for every mu; Describedly intercut paddy rice and comprise: mid or late May intercuts " B excellent 811 ", and every mu is intercutted 15000-18000;
Described c, seed are thrown in and comprise: the time of putting in a suitable place to breed is early and middle ten days in June, now supplies seedling pool inner water temperature similar to the water temperature of paddy field, choose the long 0.6-0.7cm of body, physique stalwartness, the yellowish-brown clean neat shrimp seedling of body surface, put 50,000 tails in a suitable place to breed for every mu;
Described d, feeding and management comprise: bait throwing in, water quality management and disease control; Described bait throwing in is: the shrimp seedling base that starts after growing month to throw something and feed encloses shrimp special compound feed, day feeding volume be the 6-8% of shrimp body weight, every natural gift are thrown something and fed for 3 times; Described water quality management is: between the 7-9 month every two days, change water 1 time, each quantity of exchanged water is 1/2 of rice field, shrimp anoxic is enclosed to avoid base, and in paddy field, raise together with the long silver carp summer flower for 3-5cm of some bodies with regulating water quality, raising together with quantity is 500-600 tail/mu, make water quality transparency control at 35-40cm, pH value controls at 7-9; The anti-evil of described virus is: the Operand of every first quarter moon every mu 0.2ppm is aided with the prevention that prawn disease is carried out in antibiotic spray water rice field;
Described e, receipts are caught and are comprised: cultivation starts receipts after 3-4 month and catches, and whole receipts are caught complete before paddy rice harvesting.
2. paddy field aquaculture base according to claim 1 encloses the method for shrimp, it is characterized in that, described c, seed are thrown in and also comprise: shrimp seedling aborts before rice field, also need prawn seedling to carry out desalination process, desalinate seed with the water that proportion is 1.002-1.003, fade time is 7-15 days.
3. paddy field aquaculture base according to claim 1 encloses the method for shrimp, it is characterized in that, described e, receives and catches, and receiving the mode of catching is that cage is received shrimp, drawn in the net shrimping or dry field and discharge water and receive shrimp.
CN201410470236.1A 2014-09-16 2014-09-16 Method for breeding metapenaeus ensis in rice field Pending CN104285854A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105104251A (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-12-02 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑成水产生态养殖专业合作社 Green high-yield aquaculture method of small-sized shrimps
CN105746402A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-07-13 重庆嘉隆西海农业开发有限公司 High-efficient culture method for prawns
CN105815250A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-08-03 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑成水产生态养殖专业合作社 Method for artificially breeding metapenaeus ensis at high yield
CN105994051A (en) * 2016-05-24 2016-10-12 和县大成水产品养殖专业合作社 Method for breeding metapenaeus ensis in rice field
CN107258411A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-10-20 合肥卓畅农业科技有限公司 The method for supporting freshwater shrimp is covered in a kind of rice terrace
CN107372256A (en) * 2017-09-14 2017-11-24 上海惠兵渔业专业合作社 The method that Penaeus Vannmei is supported in rice field

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103766253A (en) * 2013-12-09 2014-05-07 苏州市相城区新时代特种水产养殖场 Method for breeding small-sized shrimps
CN103843695A (en) * 2012-12-07 2014-06-11 赖世权 Method for cultivating metapenaeus ensis
CN103960177A (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-08-06 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Method for cultivating metapenaeus ensis

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103843695A (en) * 2012-12-07 2014-06-11 赖世权 Method for cultivating metapenaeus ensis
CN103766253A (en) * 2013-12-09 2014-05-07 苏州市相城区新时代特种水产养殖场 Method for breeding small-sized shrimps
CN103960177A (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-08-06 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Method for cultivating metapenaeus ensis

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Title
姜祝飞: "稻田养殖"基围虾"技术", 《农村养殖技术》, no. 19, 31 December 2002 (2002-12-31), pages 15 *

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105104251A (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-12-02 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑成水产生态养殖专业合作社 Green high-yield aquaculture method of small-sized shrimps
CN105746402A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-07-13 重庆嘉隆西海农业开发有限公司 High-efficient culture method for prawns
CN105815250A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-08-03 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑成水产生态养殖专业合作社 Method for artificially breeding metapenaeus ensis at high yield
CN105994051A (en) * 2016-05-24 2016-10-12 和县大成水产品养殖专业合作社 Method for breeding metapenaeus ensis in rice field
CN107258411A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-10-20 合肥卓畅农业科技有限公司 The method for supporting freshwater shrimp is covered in a kind of rice terrace
CN107372256A (en) * 2017-09-14 2017-11-24 上海惠兵渔业专业合作社 The method that Penaeus Vannmei is supported in rice field

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