CN104282443A - Flat-plate-type super capacitor - Google Patents

Flat-plate-type super capacitor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104282443A
CN104282443A CN 201410479241 CN201410479241A CN104282443A CN 104282443 A CN104282443 A CN 104282443A CN 201410479241 CN201410479241 CN 201410479241 CN 201410479241 A CN201410479241 A CN 201410479241A CN 104282443 A CN104282443 A CN 104282443A
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capacitor
formed
electrode
insulation
layer
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CN 201410479241
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Chinese (zh)
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桂松
徐荣
常嘉兴
黄进清
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鸿源控股有限公司
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01GCAPACITORS; CAPACITORS, RECTIFIERS, DETECTORS, SWITCHING DEVICES OR LIGHT-SENSITIVE DEVICES, OF THE ELECTROLYTIC TYPE
    • H01G11/00Hybrid capacitors, i.e. capacitors having different positive and negative electrodes; Electric double-layer [EDL] capacitors [EDLCs]; Processes specially adapted for the manufacture thereof or of parts thereof
    • H01G11/10Multiple hybrid or EDL capacitors, e.g. arrays or modules
    • H01G11/12Stacked hybrid or EDL capacitors
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01GCAPACITORS; CAPACITORS, RECTIFIERS, DETECTORS, SWITCHING DEVICES OR LIGHT-SENSITIVE DEVICES, OF THE ELECTROLYTIC TYPE
    • H01G9/00Electrolytic capacitors, rectifiers, detectors, switching devices, light-sensitive or temperature-sensitive devices; Processes of their manufacture
    • H01G2009/0007Double layer capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage
    • Y02E60/13Ultracapacitors, supercapacitors, double-layer capacitors

Abstract

The invention provides a flat-plate-type super capacitor which comprises a plane substrate (100), an insulation layer (200) formed on the plane substrate (100) and a plurality of capacitor bodies (1) formed on the insulation layer (200). Each capacitor body (1) comprises a first electrode (300) formed on the insulation layer (200), a diaphragm (400) formed on the first electrode (300), a second electrode (500) formed on the diaphragm (400), an insulation layer (600) formed on the second electrode (500) and an electrolyte (700) located between the first electrode (300) and the second electrode (500). The capacitor bodies (1) are stacked and connected in series or in parallel to form capacitor units (2), and the capacitor units (2) are in serial connection or in parallel connection, so that the flat-plate-type super capacitor is formed.

Description

平板式超级电容器 Flatbed supercapacitor

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种平板式电容器,尤其涉及一种平板式超级电容器。 [0001] The present invention relates to a flat-plate capacitor, and particularly to a plate supercapacitor.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]超级电容器(supercapacitor),又叫双电层电容器(Electrical Double-LayerCapacitor)、电化学电容器Gilectrochemcial Capacitor, EC),黄金电容、法拉电容,通过极化电解质来储能。 [0002] ultracapacitor (a supercapacitor), also known as electric double layer capacitor (Electrical Double-LayerCapacitor), electrochemical capacitors Gilectrochemcial Capacitor, EC), gold capacitor, super capacitor, to storage through the electrolyte polarization. 它是一种电化学元件,但在其储能的过程并不发生化学反应,这种储能过程是可逆的,也正因为此超级电容器可以反复充放电数十万次。 It is an electrochemical device, but does not chemically react in the course of its stored energy, this energy storage process is reversible, which is why the supercapacitor charging and discharging can be repeated hundreds of thousands of times. 超级电容器可以被视为悬浮在电解质中的两个无反应活性的多孔电极板,在极板上加电,正极板吸弓I电解质中的负离子,负极板吸引正离子,实际上形成两个容性存储层,被分离开的正离子在负极板附近,负离子在正极板附近。 Supercapacitor can be considered as the porous electrode plate suspended in the electrolyte of two non-reactive, the power electrode plate, the positive electrode plate I bow withdrawing anion electrolyte, the negative electrode plate to attract positive ions, actually form two receiving of the memory layer, positive ions are separated in the vicinity of the negative electrode plate, negative ions in the vicinity of the positive electrode plate.

[0003] 超级电容器具体的工作原理如下所述。 [0003] supercapacitor specific works as follows. 当外加电压加到超级电容器的两个极板上时,与普通电容器一样,极板的正电极存储正电荷,负极板存储负电荷,在超级电容器的两极板上电荷产生的电场作用下,在电解液与电极间的界面上形成相反的电荷,以平衡电解液的内电场,这种正电荷与负电荷在两个不同相之间的接触面上,以正负电荷之间极短间隙排列在相反的位置上,这个电荷分布层叫做双电层,因此电容量非常大。 When the applied voltage is applied to two electrode plates of supercapacitor, as the conventional capacitor, the positive electrode of the storage electrode plate of a positive charge, a negative charge storage negative electrode plate, bipolar plate in the electric field generated by the charge of the supercapacitor, in the interface between the electrolyte and the electrode formed on the opposite charge, in order to balance the electric field within the electrolyte solution, the positive and negative charges that the contact surface between two different phases, a very short gap between the positive and negative charges are arranged in the opposite position, the charge distribution layer is called an electric double layer, so the electric capacity is very large. 当两极板间电势低于电解液的氧化还原电极电位时,电解液界面上电荷不会脱离电解液,超级电容器为正常工作状态(通常为3V以下),如电容器两端电压超过电解液的氧化还原电极电位时,电解液将分解,为非正常状态。 Between the plates when the oxidation potential lower than the potential of the reduction electrode electrolyte solution, the charge on the electrolyte interface without departing from the electrolyte, supercapacitor normal operation (typically 3V or less), such as the voltage across the capacitor exceeds the oxidation of the electrolyte when the potential of the reduction electrode, the electrolyte will decompose in an abnormal state. 由于随着超级电容器放电,正、负极板上的电荷被外电路泄放,电解液的界面上的电荷相应减少。 Because as the super capacitor discharges, positive, negative charges are plate charges on the external circuit bleed, a corresponding reduction of the electrolytic solution interface. 由此可以看出:超级电容器的充放电过程始终是物理过程,没有化学反应。 It can be seen: a super capacitor charge and discharge process is always physical process, no chemical reaction. 因此性能是稳定的,与利用化学反应的蓄电池是不同的。 Thus the performance is stable, the battery using a chemical reaction is different.

[0004] 超级电容器在结构上与电解电容器非常相似,它们的主要区别在于电极材料。 [0004] supercapacitors and electrolytic capacitor is structurally very similar, the main difference lies in the electrode material. 早期的超级电容器的电极采用碳,碳电极材料的表面积很大,电容的大小取决于表面积和电极的距离,这种碳电极的大表面积再加上很小的电极距离,使超级电容器的容值可以非常大,大多数超级电容器可以做到法拉级,一般情况下容值范围可达1-5000F。 Early supercapacitor electrode using a carbon large, the surface area of ​​the carbon electrode material, the magnitude of the capacitance depends on the distance and surface area of ​​the electrodes, such high surface area carbon electrode together with a small electrode distance, so that the capacitance of supercapacitors can be very large, most of the super capacitor can be done Farah, capacitance range up to 1-5000F under normal circumstances.

[0005] 超级电容器通常包含双电极、电解质、集流体、隔离物四个部件。 [0005] supercapacitor usually comprises a two-electrode, electrolyte, current collector, four spacer members. 超级电容器是利用活性炭多孔电极和电解质组成的双电层结构获得超大的电容量的。 Supercapacitors use of activated carbon porous electrodes and an electrolyte composed of double layer structure to obtain large capacitance. 在超级电容器中,采用活性炭材料制作成多孔电极,同时在相对的两个多孔炭电极之间充填电解质溶液,当在两端施加电压时,相对的多孔电极上分别聚集正负电子,而电解质溶液中的正负离子将由于电场作用分别聚集到与正负极板相对的界面上,从而形成双集电层。 Supercapacitor, activated carbon material into the porous electrode while opposing an electrolyte solution is filled between two porous carbon electrodes, when a voltage is applied across the aggregation of positive and negative electrons on the porous electrode are opposed, and the electrolyte solution the positive and negative ions are gathered to the electric field due to the interface opposite to the positive and negative plates, thereby forming a double-collector layer.

[0006] 超级电容器的工艺流程为:配料一混浆一制电极一裁片一组装一注液一活化一检测一包装。 Process [0006] supercapacitors: Ingredients Mixing an electrode made of an assembly of a one pieces a liquid injection upon detecting an activation of a package.

[0007] 然而,目前超级电容器的制作效率及使用便利性仍有待改进。 [0007] However, the production efficiency ultracapacitors and ease of use needs to be improved.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0008] 本发明的目的在于提供一种平板式超级电容器,该平板式超级电容器在大面积平面基板上进行平面式直接生产出电容器组,其性能一致性好,体积小、重量轻、良品率提升、生产效率高,极大降低了超级电容器的生产成本,且方便对外安装使用。 [0008] The object of the present invention is to provide a plate-type ultracapacitor, supercapacitor the flat planar type capacitor bank produced directly on a large area planar substrate, the consistency of its good performance, small size, light weight, yield lift, high production efficiency, greatly reducing the production cost of ultracapacitors, and easy installation of external use.

[0009] 为实现上述目的,本发明提供一种平板式超级电容器,包括: [0009] To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a flat supercapacitor, comprising:

[0010] 平面基板、形成于平面基板上的绝缘层、形成于绝缘层上的数个电容器单体; [0010] a planar substrate, an insulating layer formed on a planar substrate, a plurality of capacitors formed on the insulating layer on the monomers;

[0011] 所述电容器单体包括形成于绝缘层上的第一电极、形成于第一电极上的隔膜、形成于隔膜上的第二电极、形成于第二电极上的绝缘层、及位于第一与第二电极之间的电解液; [0011] The capacitor cell comprises a first electrode formed on the insulating layer, the membrane is formed on the first electrode, a second electrode formed on the membrane, an insulating layer formed on the second electrode, and located on and a second electrolyte between the electrodes;

[0012] 所述第一电极包括形成在绝缘层上的导电层与形成于导电层上的第一碳材料层; [0012] The first electrode includes an insulating layer formed on the conductive layer and the first carbon material layer on a conductive layer is formed;

[0013] 所述第二电极包括形成于隔膜上的第二碳材料层与形成于第二碳材料层上的金属层; [0013] The second electrode includes a second diaphragm formed on the carbon material layer and the metal layer is formed on the second carbon material layer;

[0014] 数个电容器单体叠置经串联或并联构成电容器单元; [0014] a plurality of capacitor cells stacked in series or parallel configuration by a capacitor unit;

[0015] 数个电容器单元串联或并联构成平板式超级电容器。 [0015] The number of capacitor cells in series or parallel plate configuration supercapacitor.

[0016] 所述平面基板的材料为陶瓷,所述平面基板划分成数个基板单元,每一个基板单元的面积为形成一个电容器单体所需要的面积。 The [0016] plane of the material is a ceramic substrate, dividing the substrate into a plurality of planar substrate unit, a substrate area per unit area required to form a capacitor cell.

[0017] 所述位于平面基板上的绝缘层与位于第二电极上的绝缘层的材料为聚酰亚胺。 [0017] The insulating layer positioned on the planar substrate and the insulating material on the second electrode layer is a polyimide.

[0018] 所述导电层与第一碳材料层经加压、烘干而制成所述第一电极;所述第二碳材料层与金属层经加压、烘干而制成所述第二电极。 [0018] The conductive layer and the first carbon material layer by pressing, and drying to prepare the first electrode; a second carbon material layer and the metal layer by pressing, drying and made of the two electrodes.

[0019] 所述导电层为直接在绝缘层上按预定图案形成,或先形成金属层,然后对该金属层进行图案化处理,形成预定图案的导电层;所述导电层的材料为铜或铝。 [0019] The conductive layer is formed directly on the insulating layer in a predetermined pattern, or a metal layer is first formed, and then patterning the metal layer, forming a conductive layer of a predetermined pattern; material of the conductive layer is copper or aluminum.

[0020] 所述第一碳材料层与第二碳材料层为直接按预定图案涂布,或先涂布一层碳材料,然后对该碳材料层进行图案化处理,形成预定图案的碳材料层与碳材料层;所述第一碳材料层与第二碳材料层的材料为活性碳或碳纳米管。 [0020] The carbon material of the first layer and the second carbon material layer is directly coated in a predetermined pattern, or the first coating layer of a carbon material, and then patterning the carbon material layer, forming a predetermined pattern of a carbon material layer and the carbon material layer; the material of the first layer and the second carbon material is a carbon material layer of activated carbon or carbon nanotubes.

[0021] 所述隔膜为直接按预定图案涂布设置,或先涂布一层隔膜,然后对其进行图案化处理,形成预定图案的隔膜。 [0021] The separator is disposed directly applying a predetermined pattern, or a first coating layer of the separator, and then subjected to a patterning process to form a predetermined pattern of the separator.

[0022] 所述金属层为按预定图案直接在第二碳材料层上形成,或先形成金属层在第二碳材料层上,然后对该金属层进行图案化处理,形成预定图案的金属层;所述金属层的材料为招或铜。 [0022] The metal layer on the second carbon material layer is formed in a predetermined pattern directly, or to form a metal layer on the second carbon material layer, and then patterning the metal layer, a metal layer of a predetermined pattern ; material of the metal layer is copper or strokes.

[0023] 其中,通过浸泡或注入电解液的方式向第一与第二电极之间添加电解液。 [0023] wherein the electrolytic solution is added between the first and the second electrode through the electrolytic solution soaking or injection.

[0024] 所述平面基板的厚度为lOOum至50mm ;所述位于平面基板的绝缘层的厚度为10-15um ;所述导电层的厚度为10-20um ;所述第一碳材料层的厚度为0.21-0.23cm ;所述隔膜的厚度为15-25um ;所述第二碳材料层的厚度为0.21-0.23cm ;所述金属层的厚度为10-20um ;所述位于第二电极上的绝缘层的厚度为10-15um。 [0024] The thickness of the flat substrate is lOOum to 50mm; thickness of the insulating layer in the plane of the substrate is 10-15um; the thickness of the conductive layer 10-20um; the thickness of the first carbon material layer 0.21-0.23cm; thickness of the separator 15-25um; the thickness of the second carbon material layer is 0.21-0.23cm; thickness of the metal layer 10-20um; said second electrode located on the insulating thickness of the layer of 10-15um.

[0025] 本发明的有益效果:本发明平板式超级电容器,在平面基板上于一道工序里可以同时进行多个电容器单体的制作,结构简单,易于实现。 Advantageous Effects [0025] of the present invention: The present invention super-flat-plate capacitor, a plurality of capacitors may be produced in a single step in the same time on a flat substrate, the structure is simple, easy to implement. 性能的一致性高、体积小、重量轻,而且可同时对该多个电容器单体进行连接组成电容器组,方便后续使用时电容器组自身的组装及对外安装,从而有利于降低成本。 High consistency of performance, small size, light weight, and can be simultaneously connected to the plurality of capacitors to form a capacitor group monomer, to facilitate subsequent use of the capacitor bank when its assembly and installed outside, thereby facilitating a reduction costs.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0026] 为了能更进一步了解本发明的特征以及技术内容,请参阅以下有关本发明的详细说明与附图,然而附图仅提供参考与说明用,并非用来对本发明加以限制。 [0026] To further understand features and technical contents of the present invention, please see the following detailed description and appended drawings of the present invention, but are provided solely for reference and illustration, not intended to limit the present invention.

[0027] 附图中, [0027] In the drawings,

[0028] 图1为本发明平板式超级电容器中电容器单体的截面示意图; [0028] FIG. 1 is a schematic cross section of a flat type capacitor cell supercapacitor of the present invention;

[0029] 图2为本发明平板式超级电容器中电容器单元的立体结构示意图; [0029] Figure 2 a perspective schematic structural view of a flat-panel supercapacitors capacitor unit of the present invention;

[0030] 图3为本发明平板式超级电容器中电容器组的立体结构示意图。 [0030] FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective structural diagram of a flat-panel capacitors supercapacitors of the present invention.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0031] 为更进一步阐述本发明所采取的技术手段及其效果,以下结合本发明的优选实施例进行详细描述。 [0031] To further elaborate the technical means adopted and effects of the present invention, the following in connection with preferred embodiments of the present invention is described in detail.

[0032] 同时参阅图1-3,本发明提供一种平板式超级电容器,其包括:平面基板100、形成于平面基板100上的绝缘层200、形成于绝缘层200上的数个电容器单体1。 [0032] Referring to FIG 1-3, the present invention provides a flat supercapacitor, comprising: a planar substrate 100, the insulating layer 200 is formed on the planar substrate 100, a plurality of capacitor cells is formed in the insulating layer 200 1.

[0033] 所述电容器单体1包括形成于绝缘层200上的第一电极300、形成于第一电极300上的隔膜400、形成于隔膜400上的第二电极500、形成于第二电极500上的绝缘层600、及位于第一与第二电极300、500之间的电解液700。 [0033] The capacitor cell 1 includes a first electrode 300 is formed on the insulating layer 200, a separator 300 on the first electrode 400 is formed, the second electrode 500 is formed on the diaphragm 400, the second electrode 500 is formed on the insulating layer 600, and is positioned between the first and second electrodes 300, 500 of the electrolytic solution 700.

[0034] 所述第一电极300包括形成在绝缘层200上的导电层310与形成于导电层310上的第一碳材料层320 ; [0034] The electrode 300 includes a first insulating layer 200 is formed on the conductive layer 310 formed on the first carbon material layer on the conductive layer 310320;

[0035] 所述第二电极500包括形成于隔膜400上的第二碳材料层510与形成于第二碳材料层510上的金属层520 ; [0035] The second electrode 500 is formed on the diaphragm 400 includes a second carbon material layer 510 and the metal layer 520 on the second carbon material layer 510 is formed on;

[0036] 数个电容器单体1叠置经串联或并联构成电容器单元2 ; [0036] The number of stacked capacitor cell 1 via capacitors in series or parallel configuration unit 2;

[0037] 数个电容器单元2串联或并联构成平板式超级电容器。 [0037] The plurality of capacitors in series or parallel cells 2 constituting a flat-panel supercapacitor.

[0038] 所述平面基板100的材料为陶瓷,所述平面基板100划分成数个基板单元102,每一个基板单元102的面积为形成一个电容器单体1所需要的面积。 Materials [0038] The planar ceramic substrate 100, the plane of the substrate 100 is divided into a plurality of substrate unit 102, a base plate area per unit area of ​​102 to form a desired capacitor cell.

[0039] 所述位于平面基板上的绝缘层200与位于第二电极上的绝缘层600的材料为聚酰亚胺。 [0039] The insulating layer positioned on the substrate 200 and the plane of the insulating material on the second electrode layer 600 is a polyimide.

[0040] 所述导电层310与第一碳材料层320经加压、烘干而制成所述第一电极300 ;所述第二碳材料层510与金属层520经加压、烘干而制成所述第二电极500。 [0040] The conductive layer 310 and the first carbon material layer 320 by pressing, and drying to prepare the first electrode 300; the second carbon material layer 510 and the metal layer 520 is pressed and dried by the second electrode 500 is made.

[0041] 所述导电层310为直接在绝缘层200上按预定图案形成,或先形成金属层,然后对该金属层进行图案化处理,形成预定图案的导电层310 ;所述导电层310的材料为铜或铝。 [0041] The conductive layer 310 is formed directly on the insulating layer 200 in a predetermined pattern, or a metal layer is first formed, and then patterning the metal layer, a conductive layer 310 of a predetermined pattern; the conductive layer 310 material is copper or aluminum.

[0042] 所述第一碳材料层320与第二碳材料层510为直接按预定图案涂布,或先涂布一层碳材料,然后对该碳材料层进行图案化处理,形成预定图案的碳材料层320与碳材料层510 ;所述碳材料层320与碳材料层510的材料为活性碳或碳纳米管。 [0042] The first carbon material layer 320 and 510 is directly applied in a predetermined pattern, or the first coating layer of a carbon material and the carbon material layer was patterned to form a predetermined pattern of the second carbon material layer, carbon material layer 320 and the carbon material layer 510; layer 320 material of the carbon material and the carbon material layer 510 is activated carbon or carbon nanotubes.

[0043] 所述隔膜400为直接按预定图案涂布设置,或先涂布一层隔膜,然后对其进行图案化处理,形成预定图案的隔膜400。 [0043] The separator 400 is disposed directly in a predetermined pattern is applied, the first coating layer, or a separator, and then subjected to patterning, a diaphragm 400 forming a predetermined pattern.

[0044] 所述金属层520为按预定图案直接在第二碳材料层510上形成,或先形成金属层在第二碳材料层510上,然后对该金属层进行图案化处理,形成预定图案的金属层520 ;所述金属层520的材料为铝或铜。 [0044] The metal layer 520 is on the second carbon material layer 510 is formed directly in a predetermined pattern, or a first metal layer formed on the second carbon material layer 510, and then patterning the metal layer, forming a predetermined pattern a metal layer 520; layer 520 of the metal material is aluminum or copper.

[0045] 其中,通过浸泡或注入电解液的方式向第一与第二电极300、500之间添加电解液700,对于第一与第二电极300、500之间形成密闭空间容纳电解液700,这可由现有技术来实现。 [0045] wherein, injecting the electrolytic solution by immersion or electrolytic solution 700 Add to 300, 500 between the first and second electrodes, between the first and second electrodes to form a sealed space for accommodating an electrolyte 300, 500 700, this is achieved by the prior art.

[0046] 所述平面基板100的厚度为lOOum至50mm ;所述位于平面基板的绝缘层200的厚度为10-15um;所述导电层310的厚度为10_20um ;所述第一碳材料层320的厚度为0.21-0.23cm ;所述隔膜400的厚度为15_25um ;所述第二碳材料层510的厚度为0.21-0.23cm ;所述金属层520的厚度为10_20um ;所述位于第二电极上的绝缘层600的厚度为10_15um。 Thickness [0046] The plane of the substrate 100 is lOOum to 50mm; thickness of the insulating layer 200 in the plane of the substrate is 10-15um; thickness of the conductive layer 310 is 10_20um; the first carbon material layer 320 the thickness of 0.21-0.23cm; thickness of the separator 400 is 15_25um; thickness of the second carbon material layer 510 is 0.21-0.23cm; thickness of the metal layer 520 is 10_20um; located on the second electrode thickness of the insulating layer 600 is 10_15um.

[0047] 值得一提的是,本发明的平板式超级电容器可以通过切割平面基板100,形成数个预定规格的次基板,每一次基板包括数个基板单元,其形成一个电容器组。 [0047] It is worth mentioning that the present invention is flat supercapacitor 100 may be formed of a plurality of predetermined size by dicing the submount planar substrate, each substrate comprising a plurality of substrate units, which form a capacitor bank. 对于能容下平面基板100的交通或运输工具,例如车辆、飞机、拖拉机、叉车等,可以直接将整个平面基板100做成一个电容器组,不需要切割。 For transportation or conveyance can only put the plane of the substrate 100, such as vehicles, aircraft, tractors, forklifts and the like, may be directly entire plane of the substrate 100 made of a capacitor bank, no cutting. 对于不能容下平面基板100的交通或运输工具,则可以根据能容下的尺寸需要,对平面基板进行切割,形成数个预定规格的次基板,每一次基板上形成一个电容器组,然后数个次基板的电容器组再进行电性连接,安装到交通工具上。 For transportation or conveyance plane can not accommodate the substrate 100, may, depending on the size of the planar substrate need to be able to accommodate cutting, forming a plurality of predetermined specifications submount, each group forming a capacitor on a substrate, and a plurality of capacitor bank then the submount electrically connected, mounted on the vehicle. 这相对于现有技术要将平面基板按基板单元进行切割,形成一个个如基板单元大小的电容器单元2,也是提升了很大的生产效率,及方便于后续使用安装。 This prior art with respect to the plane of the substrate To be cut to the substrate unit is formed as one unit cell size of the capacitor substrate 2, but also greatly enhance the production efficiency, and to facilitate the subsequent use of the installation.

[0048] 上述图案化处理,可以根据需要采用现有工艺形成预定图案的绝缘层200、绝缘层600,比如微影、蚀刻工艺等。 [0048] The patterning process, the insulating layer 200 may be formed in a predetermined pattern according to the prior art need, the insulating layer 600, such as lithography, etching process or the like.

[0049] 上述形成导电层310或金属层520,可以采用现有工艺来处理,例如化学气相沉积或蒸镀等。 [0049] The conductive layer 310 is formed or metal layer 520, may be employed conventional treatment processes, such as chemical vapor deposition or vapor deposition.

[0050] 本发明平板式超级电容器,可以在平面基板上于一道工序里可以同时进行多个电容器单体的制作,结构简单,易于实现。 [0050] The present invention supercapacitor plate, can be performed on a planar substrate in a step of making a plurality of capacitor cells in the same time, the structure is simple, easy to implement. 性能的一致性高、体积小、重量轻,而且可同时对该多个电容器单体进行连接组成电容器组,方便后续使用时电容器组自身的组装及对外安装,从而有利于降低成本。 High consistency of performance, small size, light weight, and can be simultaneously connected to the plurality of capacitors to form a capacitor group monomer, to facilitate subsequent use of the capacitor bank when its assembly and installed outside, thereby facilitating a reduction costs.

[0051] 以上所述,对于本领域的普通技术人员来说,可以根据本发明的技术方案和技术构思作出其他各种相应的改变和变形,而所有这些改变和变形都应属于本发明权利要求的保护范围。 [0051] The above, those of ordinary skill in the art, can make various corresponding modifications and other variations according to the technical idea and the technical solutions of the present invention, and all such changes and modifications shall belong to the claimed invention the scope of protection.

Claims (10)

  1. 1.一种平板式超级电容器,其特征在于,包括:平面基板(100)、形成于平面基板(100)上的绝缘层(200)、形成于绝缘层(200)上的数个电容器单体(I); 所述电容器单体(I)包括形成于绝缘层(200)上的第一电极(300)、形成于第一电极(300)上的隔膜(400)、形成于隔膜(400)上的第二电极(500)、形成于第二电极(500)上的绝缘层¢00)、及位于第一与第二电极(300、500)之间的电解液(700); 所述第一电极(300)包括形成在绝缘层(200)上的导电层(310)与形成于导电层(310)上的第一碳材料层(320); 所述第二电极(500)包括形成于隔膜(400)上的第二碳材料层(510)与形成于第二碳材料层(510)上的金属层(520); 数个电容器单体(I)叠置经串联或并联构成电容器单元(2); 数个电容器单元(2)串联或并联构成平板式超级电容器。 1. A flat type supercapacitor comprising: a planar substrate (100) formed on the insulating layer (200) on the (100) plane of the substrate, a plurality of capacitors formed on the insulating layer on the monomers (200) (I); the capacitor cell (I) includes a first electrode formed on the (300) on the insulating layer (200), a first electrode formed on the diaphragm (400) on the (300) formed in the diaphragm (400) a second electrode (500), a second electrode formed on the insulating layer ¢ (500) 00), and located in an electrolyte (700) between the first and second electrodes (300, 500); the first an electrode (300) comprises forming a conductive layer (310) on the insulating layer (200) is formed on the first carbon material layer (320) on the conductive layer (310); said second electrode (500) comprises forming at the second carbon material layer on the membrane (400) (510) formed on the second carbon material and the metal layer (520) on (510); a plurality of capacitors monomer (I) stacked capacitor constituted by series or parallel unit (2); a plurality of capacitor cells (2) in series or parallel plate configuration supercapacitor.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的平板式超级电容器,其特征在于,所述平面基板(100)的材料为陶瓷,所述平面基板(100)划分成数个基板单元(102),每一个基板单元(102)的面积为形成一个电容器单体(I)所需要的面积。 Tablet as claimed supercapacitor according to claim 1 each of a substrate, wherein the material of the planar substrate (100) is a ceramic, the planar substrate (100) divided into a plurality of unit substrates (102), unit area (102) to form a capacitor area of ​​the monomer (I) required.
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述的平板式超级电容器,其特征在于,所述位于平面基板上的绝缘层(200)与位于第二电极上的绝缘层¢00)的材料为聚酰亚胺。 Flatbed supercapacitor according to claim 1, wherein said insulating layer positioned on the planar substrate (200) and the material of the insulating layer on the second electrode 00 ¢) is a polyimide.
  4. 4.如权利要求1所述的平板式超级电容器,其特征在于,所述导电层(310)与第一碳材料层(320)经加压、烘干而制成所述第一电极(300);所述第二碳材料层(510)与金属层(520)经加压、烘干而制成所述第二电极(500)。 4. The supercapacitor of the plate according to claim 1, wherein the conductive layer (310) and the first carbon material layer (320) by pressing, and drying to prepare the first electrode (300 ); the second carbon material layer (510) and the metal layer (520) by pressing, and drying to prepare the second electrode (500).
  5. 5.如权利要求1所述的平板式超级电容器,其特征在于,所述导电层(310)为直接在绝缘层(200)上按预定图案形成,或先形成金属层,然后对该金属层进行图案化处理,形成预定图案的导电层(310);所述导电层(310)的材料为铜或铝。 Tablet as claimed supercapacitor according to claim 1 and the metal layer, wherein the conductive layer (310) to form a predetermined pattern directly on an insulating layer (200), or a first metal layer is formed, patterning process, a predetermined pattern forming a conductive layer (310); material of the conductive layer (310) is made of copper or aluminum.
  6. 6.如权利要求1所述的平板式超级电容器,其特征在于,所述第一碳材料层(320)与第二碳材料层(510)为直接按预定图案涂布,或先涂布一层碳材料,然后对该碳材料层进行图案化处理,形成预定图案的碳材料层(320)与碳材料层(510);所述碳材料层(320)与碳材料层(510)的材料为活性碳或碳纳米管。 6. The supercapacitor plate according to claim 1, wherein the first carbon material layer (320) and the second carbon material layer (510) is directly applied in a predetermined pattern, or a first coating carbon material layer, and then patterning the layer of carbon material, carbon material layer is formed of a predetermined pattern (320) and the carbon material layer (510); material of the carbon material layer (320) and the carbon material layer (510) activated carbon or carbon nanotubes.
  7. 7.如权利要求1所述的平板式超级电容器,其特征在于,所述隔膜(400)为直接按预定图案涂布设置,或先涂布一层隔膜,然后对其进行图案化处理,形成预定图案的隔膜(400)。 7. The plate supercapacitor according to claim 1, wherein said diaphragm (400) is disposed directly in a predetermined pattern is applied, the first coating layer, or membrane, and then subjected to patterning treatment to form separator predetermined pattern (400).
  8. 8.如权利要求1所述的平板式超级电容器,其特征在于,所述金属层(520)为按预定图案直接在第二碳材料层(510)上形成,或先形成金属层在第二碳材料层(510)上,然后对该金属层进行图案化处理,形成预定图案的金属层(520);所述金属层(520)的材料为铝或铜。 8. The supercapacitor plate according to claim 1, wherein the metal layer (520) is formed on the second carbon material layer (510) directly in a predetermined pattern, or a first metal layer is formed a second the carbon material layer (510), and then patterning the metal layer, a metal layer of a predetermined pattern (520); material of the metal layer (520) is aluminum or copper.
  9. 9.如权利要求1所述的超级平板式电容器,其特征在于,通过浸泡或注入电解液的方式向第一与第二电极(300、500)之间添加电解液。 9. The plate type super capacitor according to claim 1, characterized in that, to add an electrolyte between the first and second electrodes (300, 500) by way of the electrolytic solution soaking or injection.
  10. 10.如权利要求1所述的超级平板式电容器,其特征在于,所述平面基板(100)的厚度为10um至50mm ;所述位于平面基板的绝缘层(200)的厚度为10_15um ;所述导电层(310)的厚度为10-20um ;所述第一碳材料层(320)的厚度为0.21-0.23cm ;所述隔膜(400)的厚度为15-25um ;所述第二碳材料层(510)的厚度为0.21-0.23cm ;所述金属层(520)的厚度为10-20um;所述位于第二电极上的绝缘层¢00)的厚度为10-15um。 10. The plate type super capacitor according to claim 1, wherein a thickness of the planar substrate (100) is 10um to 50mm; thickness of the insulating layer (200) plane of the substrate is positioned 10_15um; the the thickness of the conductive layer (310) is 10-20um; thickness of the first carbon material layer (320) is 0.21-0.23cm; the thickness of the diaphragm (400) is 15-25um; the second carbon material layer the thickness (510) of 0.21-0.23cm; thickness of the metal layer (520) is 10-20um; ¢ the insulating layer located on the second electrode 00) of a thickness of 10-15um.
CN 201410479241 2014-09-18 2014-09-18 Flat-plate-type super capacitor CN104282443A (en)

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CN1483210A (en) * 2000-05-12 2004-03-17 万胜技术股份有限公司 Electrochemical double layer capacitor having carbon powder electrodes
CN1538470A (en) * 2003-09-30 2004-10-20 清华大学深圳研究生院 Stacked super condensor and its manufacturing method
CN102496467A (en) * 2011-12-05 2012-06-13 上海奥威科技开发有限公司 Super capacitor monomer and super capacitor power system
CN102723211A (en) * 2012-05-08 2012-10-10 海博瑞恩电子科技无锡有限公司 High performance super capacitor and manufacturing process thereof
CN104037454A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-09-10 鸿源控股有限公司 Preparation method of power lithium ion battery
CN204289110U (en) * 2014-09-18 2015-04-22 鸿源控股有限公司 Flat type super capacitor

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1483210A (en) * 2000-05-12 2004-03-17 万胜技术股份有限公司 Electrochemical double layer capacitor having carbon powder electrodes
CN1538470A (en) * 2003-09-30 2004-10-20 清华大学深圳研究生院 Stacked super condensor and its manufacturing method
CN102496467A (en) * 2011-12-05 2012-06-13 上海奥威科技开发有限公司 Super capacitor monomer and super capacitor power system
CN102723211A (en) * 2012-05-08 2012-10-10 海博瑞恩电子科技无锡有限公司 High performance super capacitor and manufacturing process thereof
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