CN104280783A - Apparatus for investigating the sea bottom comprising geomagnetic sensor - Google Patents

Apparatus for investigating the sea bottom comprising geomagnetic sensor Download PDF

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CN104280783A
CN104280783A CN 201410312296 CN201410312296A CN104280783A CN 104280783 A CN104280783 A CN 104280783A CN 201410312296 CN201410312296 CN 201410312296 CN 201410312296 A CN201410312296 A CN 201410312296A CN 104280783 A CN104280783 A CN 104280783A
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geomagnetic sensor
coil
surface
formed
seabed
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CN 201410312296
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Chinese (zh)
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李性坤
朴仁和
高辉哲
李明锺
赵诚俊
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韩国地质资源研究院
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Abstract

An apparatus for exploring the ocean floor including a geo-magnetic sensor is disclosed. The apparatus comprises an upper frame which has an airplane shape in order to minimize surface resistance according to the resistance of ocean currents and seawater when moving inside the ocean floor and where multiple hollow holes are formed on the surface thereof; a lower frame which is coupled with the lower part of the upper frame, which includes a rectangular geo-magnetic sensor having a hollow hole inside thereof, where multiple hollow holes are formed on the surface thereof at regular intervals in order to minimize surface resistance according to the resistance of ocean currents and seawater when moving inside the ocean floor, and which is designed to facilitate submerging into the ocean floor; and a control unit which is mounted inside the upper frame in order to control the driving of the geo-magnetic sensor. The lower frame is coated with a waterproof film on the inside surface in order to prevent the geo-magnetic sensor from being in contact with seawater.

Description

具有地磁传感器的海底勘探装置 Seabed exploration apparatus having a geomagnetic sensor

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及用于确认是否存在如天然气水合物的海底资源或调查海底环境的海底勘探装置,更具体的,本发明涉及具有地磁传感器的海底勘探装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to confirm the presence of seabed resources such as gas hydrate or seabed exploration survey subsea environment apparatus, and more particularly, the present invention relates to a seabed exploration apparatus having a geomagnetic sensor.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 地球的71%是海水,地球的60%是1500米以上的深海。 [0002] 71% of the Earth's water is 60% of the earth is more than 1,500 meters deep. 深海是拥有巨大资源的宝库,有望提供解决很多有关地球科学问题的线索。 The deep sea is has a huge treasure house of resources, is expected to provide solutions to many problems related to earth sciences clues. 但深海深度每增加10米就增加I个大气压的压力,在水深6000米处形成由600大气压作用的超高压极限条件。 However, increasing the depth of each 10 m deep increases I atm pressure, ultra-high pressure is formed by the extreme conditions of 600 atmospheric pressure acting at the depth of 6,000 m. 此外,因随时变换的海水,光和电波在水中很难通过,致使陆地上通常使用的技术,在水下世界中无法直接使用。 In addition, due to sea water, light and radio waves change at any time in the water is difficult to pass, resulting in technology commonly used on land can not be used directly in the underwater world.

[0003] 即使实现宇宙开发的尖端科学技术,深海亦然保持着未知世界。 [0003] Even if space development to achieve cutting-edge science and technology, deep-sea versa maintained unknown world. 为了勘探深海,很多国家不停地挑战,在某些方面取得了明显的成果。 For deep-sea exploration, constantly challenge in many countries, and achieved remarkable results in some areas.

[0004] 无人潜水艇是,为了勘探深海和调查深海环境,实际投入深海现场进行取样和分析所需的核心装置。 [0004] unmanned submarines that for deep-sea exploration and investigation of deep-sea environment, the actual investment in the field of deep-sea sampling and analysis required core devices. 目前正在集中开发结合尖端技术的无人潜水艇和海洋测试仪器。 Currently we focus on the development of sophisticated technology binding unmanned submarines and marine test equipment.

[0005] 通常光线不能到达深200米以上的深海。 [0005] Generally the light can not reach deeper than 200 meters deep. 因此,生命体很难在深海环境中生存,据悉在500米以上的深水几乎没有生命体。 Therefore, the life forms in the deep sea environment is difficult to survive, it is learned almost lifeless body of more than 500 meters deep water. 但通过深海勘探发现,在深海中包括我们所熟悉形态的深海生物在内,还活着一些稀有的生物体。 But by deep-sea exploration and discovery, including the familiar form of deep-sea creatures, including in the deep sea, still alive some rare organisms. 海洋生物学者正在执行研究有关这种生物体如何在恶劣的环境中生存及形成生态系统。 Marine biologists study how to survive being performed and the formation of ecological systems in hostile environments related to this organism.

[0006] 例如,在深海中热水喷出口沿着火山带遍布在各处。 [0006] For example, in the hot water discharge outlet along the deep volcanic belt around everywhere. 在热水喷出口喷出的乌云般形态的涌出水温度在350度以上。 Emission cloud-like form water temperature in the hot water discharged at the discharge port 350 degrees. 在其周边形成由虾、螃蟹、贝壳和管虫一起生存的大型群落。 To form a large community of shrimp, crab, shellfish, and tube worms living together at its periphery. 在管虫上共生着对热水喷出口中流出的硫化物进行化学分解来提供营养成分的细菌。 Symbiosis with hot water effluent discharge mouth sulfide chemically decomposing bacteria nutrients provided in the tube worms. 通常在70°C以上细菌不能生存,但这种细菌具有隔热的物质。 Typically bacteria can not survive more than 70 ° C, but the heat insulating material of this bacterium. 深海生物学者利用载人潜水艇和无人潜水艇,发现了约500多种至今尚未被发现的新生命体。 Deep-sea biologists use manned and unmanned submarines submarine, found about 500 kinds of new life has yet to be discovered.

[0007] 通过基因分析,制造深海生物的基因组图谱,并研究耐高温的细菌,以促进新物质的开发和应用于医学、生物学、生命科学领域的研究。 [0007] By genetic analysis, manufacturing genome map deep-sea creatures, and to study the high temperature bacteria, in order to promote research and development of new materials used in medicine, biology, life sciences. 另外,正在进行有关人类生命起源的研究和在宇宙的其他行星上也可能通过化学合成存在生命体的研究。 In addition, the ongoing study of the origin of human life and may also study the existence of life forms by chemical synthesis on other planets of the universe. 海洋地质学者研究海底地壳结构,勘探海底地下资源,测量海底地壳的移动量来预测地震。 Marine geologists study the seafloor crustal structure, underground resources exploration seabed, measuring the amount of movement of the seafloor crust to predict earthquakes.

[0008] 深海无人潜水艇是钻探海底面获取样品,利用机械手在海底埋设电缆并采集海底岩石。 [0008] The deep sea drilling is unmanned submarines Samples seabed, the manipulator buried cables in a subsea rocks and collect seafloor. 迄今为止,对海底地下资源储量的估计用远程勘探,但为了精密的测定需要无人潜水艇。 So far, estimates of underground reserves of seabed with remote exploration, but no need for precise determination of the submarine. 无人潜水艇接近海底面以超精密重力仪测定微小重力变化可以正确地估计海底资源储量。 Unmanned submarine near the seafloor surface to ultra-precision gravity meter measuring tiny changes in gravity can correctly estimate the seabed reserves.

[0009] 还有,深海无人潜水艇也应用在沉没船只的搜素。 [0009] Furthermore, no deep submarine also be applied in sunken ships search elements. 通过电影众所周知的悲剧性铁达尼号,在大西洋沉没73年后,直到1985年再次向世人展示,因有了海洋勘探技术和潜水艇技术的发展才有可能。 By the well-known tragic movie Titanic, sank in the Atlantic after 73 years, until 1985, to show the world again, because with the development of marine exploration technology and submarine technology possible. 美国伍兹霍尔海洋研究所的罗伯特巴拉德博士在被称为“argo”的雪橇形状无人潜水艇上设置了可以观测海底的水声探测器和相机,将“argo”与伸长下垂的电缆连接,用曳引方法对海底进行勘测,发现了在3810米海底隐藏的铁达尼号。 Dr. Robert Ballard of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in the United States on a sleigh shape unmanned submarine is known as "argo" is set underwater acoustic detectors and cameras can observe the seabed, the "argo" elongation sagging cable, hoisting the sea floor surveying method, discovered in 3810 meters of the hidden bottom Titanic. 另外,巴拉德教授利用在载人潜水艇和无人潜水艇上发出的被称为“小杰森”的小型遥控无人潜水艇,对铁达尼号的船舱内部进行了精密勘探。 In addition, Professor Ballard using a small remote control unmanned submarine known as "Little Jason" issued on the submarine manned and unmanned submarines, inside cabin on the Titanic were sophisticated exploration.

[0010]【无人潜水艇的发展现况】 [0010] [development of] the status of unmanned submarine

[0011] 最早的无人潜水艇是在1953年由“迪米特里雷比可夫”制造,是用电缆连接的无人潜水艇“poodle”。 [0011] The first unmanned submarines are manufactured by "迪米特里雷 than Markov" in 1953, unmanned submarine cable is connected to the "Poodle." 经1966年回收由飞机事故丢失的原子弹,和1968年寻出打捞沉没的捞前苏联潜水艇,深海勘探装置和潜水艇技术得到了迅速发展。 By 1966 the recovery lost by an aircraft accident atomic bomb, and 1968 to find out the salvage sunken Soviet submarine former fishing, deep-sea submarine exploration equipment and technology has been developing rapidly. 经历由中东战争的余波触发的石油危机,从70年代末期开始对沿海的海底油田进行开发,同时研发能进行海底作业的商业用无人潜水艇。 Experience, from the late 1970s to the coastal seabed oil fields were developed by the oil crisis triggered by the aftermath of war in the Middle East, while research and development to commercial subsea operations with unmanned submarines. 在80年代借助于电脑技术的发展,使无人潜水艇的技能变得多样化。 By means of the development of computer technology in the 1980s, the unmanned submarine skills to diversify.

[0012] 在此期间,出现了本身具有智能的无人潜水艇。 [0012] In the meantime, there has been no submarine itself has intelligence. 包括美国在内,法国、英国、加拿大、日本、俄罗斯、挪威、瑞典、意大利、德国、澳洲、中国等开始开发无人潜水艇,近年来,出现了在6000米的深海进行勘探的多种形态无人潜水艇。 Including the United States, France, Britain, Canada, Japan, Russia, Norway, Sweden, Italy, Germany, Australia and China, began to develop unmanned submarines, in recent years, there have been various forms of exploration in the 6,000 meters deep sea unmanned submarine. 美国伍兹霍尔海洋研究所(WHOI)在90年代初开发能勘探6000米深海的无人潜水艇Jason和Medea之后,在2002年开发了可以勘探6500米水深的Jason II。 After the American Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) developed in the early 1990s energy exploration 6000 meters deep-sea unmanned submarine Jason and Medea, in 2002 developed a water depth of 6500 meters exploration can Jason II. 日本海洋研究所(JAMSTEC)为了调查马里亚纳海沟,在1997年开发了可以勘探11000水深的深海潜水艇Kaiko。 Japan Institute of Oceanography (JAMSTEC) in order to investigate the Mariana Trench, in 1997 developed a water depth of 11,000 deep-sea exploration can submarine Kaiko.

[0013] 另一方面,法国海洋研究所在1997年开发了6000米等级的作业用无人潜水艇“Vitor”。 [0013] On the other hand, IFREMER has developed a 6000 m level job in 1997 with unmanned submarines "Vitor". 我国与先进海洋国相比,对无人潜水艇的开发较晚。 Our ocean compared with the advanced countries, the development of late unmanned submarine. 但是以世界最好的船舶建造技术作为基础,不断地开发海洋装备技术和无人潜水艇技术。 But to the best technology in the world as the basis for the construction of ships, marine equipment and technology continue to develop and unmanned submarine technology. 我国无人潜水艇是1993年韩国海洋研究院首次开发了用于海底勘探的无人潜水艇“CR0V300”。 Our unmanned submarine in 1993 KORDI first developed unmanned submarine for undersea exploration "CR0V300". 大宇造船海洋株式会社在1996年开发了可以勘探海底的自动航海无人潜水艇0kpo6000,韩国海洋研究院在1997年为了研究水下航行主体的控制系统,开发了实验用自动航海无人潜水艇VORAM号。 Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering Co., Ltd. has developed an automatic navigation unmanned submarine 0kpo6000 may seabed exploration in 1996, Korea Ocean Research Institute in 1997 in order to study the underwater vehicle body control system, the development of experimental auto-navigation unmanned submarine VORAM number. 2003年由韩国海洋研究院和大洋电力株式会社共同开发了民、军兼用的半自动航海无人潜水艇SAUV0 In 2003 the KORDI and oceans Electric Power Co. to jointly develop the people, the army used along with semi-automatic navigation unmanned submarine SAUV0

[0014]【无人潜水艇的移动控制】 [0014] [unmanned submarine movement control]

[0015] 无人潜水艇(以下称为“水下勘探/开发体”)是根据移动方向在适当的位置要安装推进器。 [0015] unmanned submarine (hereinafter referred to as "Underwater Exploration / Development body") is a movement direction at an appropriate position to install the pusher. 即,为了左右移动至少需要I个以上的左右方向推进器,为了前后移动至少需要I个以上的前后方向推进器,为了垂直移动至少需要I个以上的垂直方向推进器。 That is, the need to move around at least one of the left and right directions I pusher to move back and forth at least more than the I pusher longitudinal direction, at least for vertical movement in the vertical direction than the I pusher. 另外,用于水平旋转运动至少需要2个以上的左右方向或前后方向的推进器。 Further, for horizontal rotational movement of the pusher at least two or more front-rear direction or left-right direction. 此时,水下勘探/开发体的移动是由水上的使用者以有线方式下达命令来完成。 In this case, the mobile underwater exploration and / developer body is wired by the user commands the water to complete. 为了有效地控制水下勘探/开发体的运动,命令是用手动控制和自动控制来进行。 In order to effectively control the Underwater Exploration / Development body motion command with manual control and automatic control is performed.

[0016] 另外,现有的无人潜水艇或者水下勘探/开发体的体积庞大、重量较重,增加了其制造费用。 [0016] Further, the volume of the conventional unmanned submarine or underwater exploration and / developer body large, heavy weight, which increases manufacturing costs.

[0017] 对此,本发明要提供的是与地磁传感器制作成一体,超轻量,能使海流的抵抗最小化而移动的海底勘探装置。 [0017] In this regard, the present invention is to provide a geomagnetic sensor is made integral with, ultra-lightweight, can seabed exploration means against currents minimizing movement.

[0018] 现有技术文献 [0018] The prior art documents

[0019] 专利文献 [0019] Patent Document

[0020](专利文献I)注册专利第10-11950590号 [0020] (Patent Document I) Patent Registration No. 10-11950590

[0021](专利文献2)韩国公开专利第10-2009-0055120号 [0021] (Patent Document 2) Korean Patent Publication No. 10-2009-0055120

[0022](专利文献3)注册专利第10-1048528号 [0022] (Patent Document 3) Patent Registration No. 10-1048528

[0023](专利文献4)韩国公开专利第10-2009-0069536号 [0023] (Patent Document 4) disclosed in Korean Patent No. 10-2009-0069536

[0024](专利文献5)韩国公开专利第10-2009-00074547号 [0024] (Patent Document 5) Korean Patent Publication No. 10-2009-00074547

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0025] 发明需要解决的技术课题 [0025] Technical Problem invention requires

[0026] 本发明要解决的课题是,勘探海底时,使不规则海流的抵抗最小化,以提供装载地磁传感器能保持自身均衡的无人海底勘探装置为目的。 [0026] Problem to be solved by the present invention is that when the submarine exploration, so minimizing the resistance to irregular currents to provide a seabed exploration no load geomagnetic sensor means to maintain their equilibrium for the purpose.

[0027] 本发明的其他目的和优点将在后面说明,顺便提及这是更广泛的不仅包含本发明的权利要求书所记载的事项及其实施例的揭示内容,而且还包含从这些能容易推敲的范围内的手段及组合。 [0027] Other objects and advantages of the invention will be described later, it is a matter Incidentally, described in the book more extensive rights of the present invention includes not only the contents of claims and embodiments disclosed embodiment, but these can be easily further comprising methods and combinations within the scope of scrutiny.

[0028] 解决课题的技术方案 [0028] Solving the Problem solutions

[0029] 为了解决所述课题,根据本发明实施例的具有地磁传感器的海底勘探装置,其特征在于,包含:上部框架,在深海底中移动时为使海流及海水的抵抗产生的表面阻力最小化以飞机形状的结构形成,并在表面形成有复数个孔;下部框架,与所述上部框架的下部结合,在其内部具有中空的长方形地磁传感器,在其表面以一定间隔形成复数个孔,以便在所述深海底中移动时,使海流及海水的抵抗产生的表面阻力最小化,容易向所述深海底浸入;以及控制部,安装在所述上部框架内,并控制所述地磁传感器的驱动,其中,所述上部框架是通过牵引缆绳L与船舶联结,所述下部框架的内部表面上涂布防水膜以便防止所述地磁传感器与海水接触。 [0029] In order to solve the above problems, seabed exploration apparatus having a geomagnetic sensor according to an embodiment of the present invention, characterized in that, comprising: an upper frame, the surface resistance moved deep seabed in order to resist the currents and the sea are minimized shape is formed in a structure of the aircraft, and is formed with a plurality of holes on the surface; a lower frame coupled to the upper and the lower frame, the geomagnetic sensor having a rectangular hollow in its interior, formed at regular intervals on the surface thereof a plurality of holes, so in the deep sea floor is moved, so that resistance to water currents and the generated surface of the minimize resistance, easily penetrate deep into the seabed; and a control unit mounted within the upper frame, and controls the driving of the geomagnetic sensor, wherein the upper frame by pulling the cable L is coupled with the vessel, the water repellent film coated on the inner surface of the lower frame so as to prevent contact with the geomagnetism sensor seawater.

[0030] 所述上部框架是以梯子结构形成,包含:前端形成得具有三角形形状,为使海水产生的表面摩擦阻力最小化,在表面上形成有复数个中空的第I侧面支持台及第2侧面支持台;以及在所述第I侧面支持台和所述第2侧面支持台之间以一定间隔配置,并与所述第I侧面支持台和所述第2侧面支持台以垂直方向结合且具有四角架形状的复数个中央支持台,其中,在所述第I侧面支持台及所述第2侧面支持台的内侧表面形成具有结合孔的复数个结合线以分别结合所述复数个中央支持台。 [0030] The upper frame is formed in a ladder structure, comprising: a front end formed to have a triangular shape, the frictional resistance of the surface water are minimized, is formed on the surface of a plurality of hollow support table and the second side surface I side support base; and a side surface of said first support station I and the second side supports disposed at regular intervals between the units, and with the first side surface support station I and the second side surface of the support base in vertical direction and binding a plurality of quadrangular frame shape having a central support units, wherein, in said first side surface support station I and the second side surface of the inner support table forming a plurality of binding wire has a coupling hole respectively coupled to the plurality of central support station.

[0031] 所述下部框架包含:位于所述地磁传感器的上部和下部,在表面形成有复数个孔的长方形支持框架,所述支持框架的内面涂布防水膜以便防止所述地磁传感器与海水接触。 [0031] The lower frame comprising: a lower portion in the upper part of the geomagnetism sensor and, in a rectangular support framework has a plurality of holes in the surface of the inner support surface of the frame in order to prevent the waterproofing membrane coating geomagnetic sensor contact with seawater .

[0032] 所述支持框架,是以玻璃纤维形成,则扭曲或振动很小。 [0032] The support frame is formed of glass fibers, the twisting or vibration is small.

[0033] 所述地磁传感器,包含:壳体,是具有中空的长方形形状;发送线圈,在所述壳体的外侧周边卷绕复数次,产生I次磁场;结合支架,与所述壳体的中央两端结合;接收线圈,设置在所述结合支架的圆形空间内,以侦测所述I次磁场在海底面形成的2次磁场的磁场强度;以及补偿线圈,从所述发送线圈延长,经过所述结合支架,隔离所述接收线圈的外周面设置在所述中央部,并从所述接收线圈侦测的磁场强度消除对所述I次磁场的贡献分量。 [0033] The geomagnetic sensor, comprising: a housing having a hollow rectangular shape; transmitting coil wound around the outer periphery of the housing a plurality of times, generate a magnetic field I times; binding scaffold, of the housing binding central ends; receiving coil disposed within the circular space binding scaffold, the secondary magnetic field strength of the magnetic field to detect the secondary magnetic field formed in the I seabed; and a compensation coil, extending from the transmitter coil after the scaffold binding, isolating the outer peripheral surface of the receiving coil is provided at the central portion, and from the receiving coil detects a magnetic field strength to eliminate the contribution of the I component of the secondary magnetic field.

[0034] 所述补偿线圈,与所述发送线圈相隔配置,以与所述发送线圈的电流相反的方向感应电流,具备在所述接收线圈的外部以便抵消对所述I次磁场的贡献分量。 [0034] The compensation coils, the transmitting coil arranged spaced apart, in the opposite direction of the transmitter coil current induced current, said receiving coil is provided outside of the component so as to cancel the contribution of the I th field.

[0035] 所述壳体及所述结合支架,其特征在于,是以玻璃纤维材质形成,以抑制外部冲击产生的扭曲及振动。 The [0035] housing and the coupling bracket, wherein the material is a glass fiber is formed so as to suppress distortion and vibration generated by external impact.

[0036] 所述控制部,包含:耐压容器,具备在所述上部框架内,并在其一端形成有复数个水密孔;以及控制电路板,具备在所述耐压容器内,其中,所述控制电路板是,与通过所述水密孔向所述耐压容器弓I入的所述发送线圈、所述接收线圈、所述基准线圈连接。 [0036] The control unit, comprising: a pressure container, comprising an upper portion in said frame, and is formed with a plurality of holes at one end thereof a watertight; and a control circuit board, provided within the pressure vessel, wherein the said control circuit board is transmitted to the coil through the holes watertight I bow to the pressure vessel into the the receiving coil, the reference coil is connected.

[0037] 有益效果 [0037] beneficial effects

[0038] 根据本发明的具有地磁传感器的海底勘探装置在勘探海底时,具有使不规则的海流抵抗最小化,并能保持自身均衡的优点。 [0038] seabed exploration apparatus having a geomagnetic sensor according to the invention at the seabed exploration, has a resistance to minimize irregular currents, and can maintain its equilibrium advantages.

[0039] 并提及本发明的其他效果是更广泛的不仅包含以上说明的实施例及本发明的权利要求书所记载的事项,而且还包含从这些能容易推敲的范围内可能产生的效果以及对产业发展贡献暂时性优点的可能性。 Matters described in the book and claim embodiments of the present invention [0039] and other effects of the present invention, reference is broader includes not only the above-described requirements, but also the possible effects from within these ranges and can be readily scrutiny the possibility of temporary advantages for industrial development contribution.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0040] 图1是根据本发明实施例的具有地磁传感器的海底勘探装置的斜视图。 [0040] FIG. 1 is a perspective view of apparatus having a geomagnetic sensor seabed exploration embodiment of the present invention.

[0041] 图2是图1的侧面图。 [0041] FIG. 2 is a side view of FIG. 1.

[0042] 图3是图1的正面图。 [0042] FIG. 3 is a front view of FIG. 1.

[0043] 图4是在图1所示的上部框架的斜视图。 [0043] FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the upper portion of the frame shown in FIG.

[0044] 图5是在图1所示的下部框架的分解斜视图。 [0044] FIG. 5 is an exploded perspective view of the lower frame shown in FIG.

[0045] 图6是在图1所示的控制部的例示图。 [0045] FIG. 6 is a diagram illustrating a control unit shown in FIG.

[0046] 图7是图6的实际状态图。 [0046] FIG. 7 is a view of the actual state of FIG.

[0047] 图8是在图6具备的控制电路板。 [0047] FIG. 6 FIG. 8 is provided in the control circuit board.

[0048] 图9显示在图1所示的具有地磁传感器的海底勘探装置与船舶连结的相关例示图。 [0048] Figure 9 shows a diagram illustrating the correlation means and the seabed exploration vessel having the geomagnetic sensor shown in FIG. 1 links.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0049] 以下,结合附图对本发明的较佳实施例进行详细的说明。 [0049] Hereinafter, in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of the preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail. 在本发明的说明中,关于公知功能或构成的说明,对本发明的要旨可能产生不必要的混淆时,将省略其详细的说明。 When the description of the invention, the description about well-known functions or configuration, may unnecessarily obscure the gist of the present invention, a detailed description thereof will be omitted.

[0050] 根据本发明概念的实施例可以采取多种形态,亦可以施加多种变更,因此将特定实施例例示在图面,对本说明书或本申请进行详细的说明。 [0050] According to an embodiment may take the concept of the present invention in various forms, it can also be applied to a variety of changes, so the Example shown in the drawings certain embodiments, the specification of the present application, or described in detail. 然而,这并不表示将根据本发明概念的实施例限定在特定的揭示形态,而是应该理解为包含本发明思想及技术范围内的所有变更、均等物或替代物。 However, this does not mean to limit the particular form disclosed concept according to embodiments of the present invention, but rather should be understood to include all modifications and idea of ​​the present invention within the technical scope of equivalents or alternatives.

[0051] 提及某个构成因素“联结”或“连接”于另一构成因素时,可能直接联结或连接于另一构成因素,但也可理解成在其中间可能存在其他构成因素。 [0051] Components referred to a "coupled" or "connected" to another when the constituent elements, or may be coupled directly connected to the other constituent elements, but also to be understood that there may be other constituent elements in between. 反而,提及某个构成因素“直接联结”或“直接连接”于另一构成因素时,应理解成在其中间不存在其他构成因素。 Instead, referring to a component factors "directly coupled" or "directly connected" to another when the constituent elements, should be understood as an intermediate in the other constituent elements is not present. 说明构成因素之间关系的词语,即“在〜之间”和“直接在〜之间”或是“相邻于〜”和“直接相邻于〜”等也应同样地解释。 Described a relation between the words factors, i.e. "~ between" versus "directly between ~" or "~ adjacent to" and "directly adjacent to the ~" and the like should be interpreted in the same manner.

[0052] 在本说明书中使用的术语只是为了说明特定实施例而使用的,并不是有意限定本发明。 [0052] The terms used in the present specification merely to illustrate particular embodiments of the use, not intended to limit the present invention. 单数的表示在上下文没用特别说明的情况下,包含复数的表示。 Singular where the context indicates otherwise specified useless, comprises a plurality of representation.

[0053] 在本说明书中,“包含”或“具有”等的术语是用来指定说明书上记载的特征、数字、步骤、动作、构成因素、部件或这些组合的存在,应该理解这并不是在事先排除一个或一个以上的其他特征,或是数字、步骤、动作、构成因素、部件或这些组合的存在或附加可能性。 [0053] In the present specification, "comprising" or "having" and the like terms are used on the specified features described in the specification, numbers, steps, operations, elements constituting the presence of, or a combination of these components, it should be understood that this is not in preclude one or more other features, or numbers, steps, operations, elements constituting the presence or additional possibility, or a combination of these components.

[0054] 以下结合附图,对根据本发明实施例的用于海底地形勘探并装载地磁传感器的海底地形勘探装置进行更详细的说明。 [0054] conjunction with the drawings, apparatus for the exploration of seabed topography and bathymetry exploration loaded geomagnetic sensor according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described in more detail.

[0055] 图1是根据本发明实施例的具有地磁传感器的海底勘探装置的斜视图。 [0055] FIG. 1 is a perspective view of apparatus having a geomagnetic sensor seabed exploration embodiment of the present invention.

[0056] 图2是图1的侧面图。 [0056] FIG. 2 is a side view of FIG. 1.

[0057] 图3是图1的正面图。 [0057] FIG. 3 is a front view of FIG. 1.

[0058] 图4是在图1所示的上部框架的斜视图。 [0058] FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the upper portion of the frame shown in FIG.

[0059] 图5是在图1所示的下部框架的分解斜视图。 [0059] FIG. 5 is an exploded perspective view of the lower frame shown in FIG.

[0060] 图6是在图1所示的控制部的例示图。 [0060] FIG. 6 is a diagram illustrating a control unit shown in FIG.

[0061] 图7是图6的实际状态图。 [0061] FIG. 7 is a view of the actual state of FIG.

[0062] 图8是在图6具备的控制电路板。 [0062] FIG. 6 FIG. 8 is provided in the control circuit board.

[0063] 图9显示在图1所示的具有地磁传感器的海底勘探装置与船舶连结的相关例示图。 [0063] Figure 9 shows a diagram illustrating the correlation means and the seabed exploration vessel having the geomagnetic sensor shown in FIG. 1 links.

[0064] 如图1至图5所示,本发明的具有地磁传感器的海底勘探装置100包含:上部框架200,装载地磁传感器400的下部框架300及控制部500。 [0064] As shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 5, a seabed exploration apparatus having a geomagnetic sensor 100 of the present invention comprises: an upper frame 200, the load of the lower frame 300 and the geomagnetic sensor 400 the control unit 500.

[0065] 所述上部框架200是在深海中移动时为使海流及海水的抵抗产生的表面阻力最小化以飞机形状的结构形成,并在表面形成有复数个孔。 [0065] The upper frame 200 is moved in the deep structure of the aircraft to minimize the shape is formed such that surface resistance and sea water resistance currents generated, and formed with a plurality of holes in the surface. 另外,所述上部框架200是在上部具备通过牵引缆绳710与船舶700联结的挂钩部217。 Further, the upper frame 200 by pulling the cable in the upper portion 700 of the hook portion 710 and the coupling 217 includes a ship.

[0066] 更具体的,在海底移动时为使海流的抵抗最小化其一端是具有倾斜度的结构,更详细的,包含:第I侧面支持台210,第2侧面支持台211,复数个中央支持台212及尾翼213。 [0066] More specifically, when moving against the subsea currents such that one end thereof is minimized structures having an inclination, in more detail, comprising: a first side support table I 210, a second side surface of support base 211, a plurality of central support units 212 and 213 empennage.

[0067] 所述第I侧面支持台210及所述第2侧面支持台211是以相同的形状形成,且其前端A形成得具有三角形形状的梯子结构,并在表面上形成有复数个孔210a、211a。 [0067] The first side surface support station I and the second side surface 210 support table 211 is formed in the same shape, and its front end A is formed of a ladder structure having a triangular shape, and has a plurality of holes 210a are formed on the surface , 211a. 这种结构是使海流的摩擦力最小化,在海底移动时可圆滑地通过海流的结构。 Such structure allows currents to minimize friction when moving through seafloor currents can be smoothly structure. 在本发明中,虽然将所述第I及第2侧面支持台210、211制作成梯子形态,但并不限定于此,只要能使海流的摩擦力最小化的结构就均可。 In the present invention, although the first I and second side surfaces 210 and 211 made into a ladder support base form, but not limited thereto, as long as the currents can minimize friction on the structure may be.

[0068] 另外,在所述第I侧面支持台210和所述第2侧面支持台211相对的面以一定间隔形成复数个结合线210b以便结合各复数个中央支持台212。 [0068] Further, in the I-side support tables 210 and the second side 211 opposite the supporting base face formed at regular intervals a plurality of bonding wires 210b to support in conjunction with the plurality of central station 212.

[0069] 在各所述复数个结合线21b上形成有复数个结合孔,通过结合部件(例如,螺栓)与所述中央支持台212结合。 [0069] The plurality of coupling holes are formed in each of said plurality of bonding line 21b, through the binding member (e.g., bolt) to the central station 212 to support binding.

[0070] 所述复数个中央支持台212分别是以四角形框架形成以便与所述第I侧面支持台210和所述第2侧面支持台210以垂直方向结合。 [0070] The plurality of central support is rectangular units 212 are formed to support the table frame 210 and the second side support base 210 in the vertical direction in combination with the I-side surface. 所述四角形框架内的形状可以以多角形结构构成。 The rectangular shape of the inner frame may be formed in a polygonal configuration.

[0071] 在本发明中,所述四角形框架内的形状虽然以八角结构形成,但并不限定于这种形状。 [0071] In the present invention, the shape of the inner frame of the octagonal structure is formed in a quadrangular though, not limited to this shape.

[0072] 所述尾翼213位于所述上部框架200的上部,在海底移动时起与舵手一样的作用。 [0072] The upper fin 213 is located in an upper portion of the frame 200, since the movement of the subsea helmsman same effect. 另外,所述尾翼213可以制作得能向左右移动。 Further, the fin 213 can be made to be able to move around.

[0073] 接着,设计所述下部框架300与所述上部框架的下部结合,在其内部具有中空的长方形地磁传感器(Geo-magnetic Sensor),在其表面以一定间隔形成复数个孔,以便在所述深海底中移动时,使海流及海水的抵抗产生的表面阻力最小化,容易向所述深海底浸入。 [0073] Next, the design of the lower frame 300 and the lower bound of the upper frame, the geomagnetic sensor having a hollow rectangular (Geo-magnetic Sensor) in its interior, formed at regular intervals on the surface thereof a plurality of holes, so that in the case where the mobile deep seabed, and that the resistance to water currents generated surface drag is minimized, easily penetrate deep into the seabed.

[0074] 更具体的,在所述下部框架300内部装载地磁传感器400,与所述上部框架200结合向海底浸入时,为使海流的浮力最小化,以形成有复数个孔的长方形形状形成。 [0074] More specifically, the geomagnetic sensor is loaded inside the lower frame 300 400, in conjunction with the upper frame 200 to the immersion in the sea, the buoyancy currents is minimized so as to form a rectangular shape with a plurality of holes are formed.

[0075] 所述下部框架300包含支持框架310及地磁传感器400。 [0075] The lower frame 300 includes support frame 310 and the geomagnetic sensor 400.

[0076] 所述支持框架310是可能位于所述地磁传感器400的上部和下部,且在其表面以一定间隔形成复数个孔311的长方形形状。 [0076] The support frame 310 may be located in upper and lower portions of the geomagnetic sensor 400, and formed at regular intervals a plurality of rectangular holes 311 in the surface thereof.

[0077] 所述复数个孔311是在所述支持框架的左右以相同的大小和相同的间隔形成,以便在海底移动时能保持左右均衡。 [0077] The plurality of holes 311 are the same size and the same intervals around the support frame, so as to maintain balance in the left and right movement of the seabed.

[0078] 在此,所述支持框架310的材质是无扭曲(twist)、振动小,并能提供所需刚性(rigidity)的玻璃纤维(fiber glass)材质较好。 [0078] Here, the support frame 310 is a material without distortion (Twist), vibration, and can provide a glass fiber (fiber glass) material is preferably desired rigidity (rigidity) of.

[0079] 所述地磁传感器400包含:壳体410、结合支架411、发送线圈发送线圈412 (Transmitting Coil)、接收线圈413 (Receiving Coil)、补偿线圈414 及基准线圈415。 [0079] The geomagnetic sensor 400 includes: a housing 410, in conjunction with the stent 411, the transmission coil transmitting coil 412 (Transmitting Coil), the receive coil 413 (Receiving Coil), the compensation coil 414 and reference coil 415.

[0080] 所述壳体410是中空型,具有长方形的形状,所述发送线圈412排列得在所述壳体410的外侧周边产生磁场。 [0080] The housing 410 is hollow, having a rectangular shape, the transmitting coil 412 arranged outside the magnetic field is generated to give periphery 410 of the housing. 在此,所述发送线圈412,在电磁波严重衰减的海洋环境,为了保持合适的发送电力,可能是在所述壳体410的周边部卷绕复数次的防水线圈(Subconncoil)。 Here, the transmitting coil 412, an electromagnetic wave in a severe reduction in the marine environment, in order to maintain proper transmission power, may be the peripheral portion of the waterproof housing 410 of the coil wound a plurality of times (Subconncoil).

[0081] 在此,若所述壳体410为实心型的长方形,因正(positive)浮力的作用向深海底的浸入会发生问题,因此使用海水能流动的中空型较好。 [0081] Here, if the housing 410 is a rectangular solid type, due to the positive effect (positive) to the buoyancy of the immersed problem occurs deep seabed, so seawater flowable preferably hollow.

[0082] 所述结合支架411是与所述壳体410的中央两端结合,并位于所述壳体410的中央,所述接收线圈413位于在所述结合支架411的中央形成的圆形空间,以便侦测所述发送线圈412产生的I次磁场在海底面反射的涡电流形成的2次磁场。 [0082] The binding scaffold 411 is combined with both ends of the central housing 410, and located in the center of the housing 410, the receiving coil 413 located in the central support 411 is formed in conjunction with a circular space for detecting the secondary magnetic field transmitting coil 412 I 2 field eddy current formed seabed reflection generated.

[0083] 在此,在所述结合支架411的圆形空间,除了接收线圈413以外还置放补偿线圈414,所述补偿线圈414是相隔一定间隔设置在接收线圈413的外周面,以执行在所述接收线圈413侦测的磁场强度中消除对I次磁场贡献分量的功能。 [0083] Here, in conjunction with the circular space frame 411, in addition to the receiving coil 413 is placed further compensating coil 414, the compensating coil 414 is spaced apart intervals on the outer circumferential surface of the receiving coil 413 to perform the the receiving coil 413 in the magnetic field intensity detection function of eliminating the contribution of the I-th component of the magnetic field.

[0084] 所述补偿线圈414虽然与发送线圈一体成形,但电流的方向相反,所以具备在接收线圈413的外部以便抵消对I次磁场的贡献分量。 [0084] Although the compensation coils 414 is integrally formed with the transmitting coil, but in the opposite direction of the current, the coil 413 is provided outside the reception of the I component in order to counteract the contribution of the secondary magnetic field.

[0085] 所述补偿线圈414是经过所述壳体410的周边部配置在所述结合支架的中央部周围,所述基准线圈415排列在所述补偿线圈的一侧。 The [0085] compensation through the coil 414 is outside of the housing 410 is disposed around the central portion of the coupling bracket, one side of the reference coil 415 are arranged in the compensation coil. 优选地,所述基准线圈415是与所述补偿线圈414相隔一定间隔配置。 Preferably, the reference coil 415 and the compensating coil 414 is spaced intervals.

[0086] 所述基准线圈415是,在对所述发送线圈412供应的电源不稳定,且I次磁场也不稳定的产生变化时,监控发送线圈412的变化并执行抵消I次磁场变化的功能。 [0086] The reference coil 415, in the transmission of said power supply coil 412 is unstable, and I is not stable secondary magnetic field variation generated, monitoring changes in the transmitter coil 412 and performs canceling secondary magnetic field changes in the function I .

[0087] 在此,壳体410及结合支架411的材质是玻璃纤维(fiber glass)较好。 [0087] Here, the housing 410 and the coupling bracket 411 is made of glass fibers (fiber glass) is better. 在此使用玻璃纤维的理由是扭曲(twist)或振动很小,并能提供所需的刚性(rigidity)。 The reason for using glass fibers twisted (Twist) or the vibration is small, and can provide the required stiffness (rigidity).

[0088] 在此,所述支持框架310和所述地磁传感器的壳体410是可以利用环氧树脂接合,或是可以以利用螺栓和螺母的结合方式结合。 [0088] Here, the support frame 310 and the geomagnetic sensor housing 410 is bonded with epoxy resin, or may be combined in a binding manner with bolts and nuts.

[0089] 所述控制部500是安装在所述上部框架内,并执行控制所述地磁传感器驱动的功倉泛。 [0089] The control unit 500 is mounted within the upper frame, and performs power control of the geomagnetic sensor driving cartridge pan.

[0090] 更具体的,在内部具备用于控制所述地磁传感器400的控制电路板,在外部具备耐压容器以便防止海水进入所述控制电路板550。 [0090] More specifically, in the interior of the geomagnetic sensor is provided for controlling the control circuit board 400, provided in the outer pressure vessel to prevent water from entering the control circuit board 550.

[0091] 在所述耐压容器510的一端形成复数个水密孔520,使连接所述发送线圈、所述接收线圈、所述基准线圈的复数个线圈由与盖部件540连接的O形环处于水密的状态,以便连接于耐压容器内部的所述控制电路板550,除此以外,还可以连接电源电缆416。 [0091] forming a plurality of holes in a watertight end 520 of the pressure vessel 510, the connection of the transmitter coil, the receiving coil, a plurality of coils of the reference coil is connected to the O-ring 540 of the cap member watertight state, to connect the interior of said pressure vessel to the control circuit board 550, except that the power cable 416 may also be connected.

[0092] 在此,所述发送线圈、所述接收线圈、所述基准线圈分别被发送线圈连接线417、接收线圈连接线418、基准线圈连接线419覆盖。 [0092] Here, the transmitting coil, the receiving coil, the reference coil are connected to lines 417 transmitting coil, receiving coil connected to line 418, line 419 connected to the reference coil cover.

[0093] 另外,为使所述控制部500固定在所述上部框架200内,可以通过围绕所述耐压容器510侧面的固定部来固定。 [0093] Further, the control unit 500 is fixed to the upper frame 200, may be fixed by the fixing portion 510 surrounding the side surface of the pressure vessel. 所述固定部是可与所述上部框架200以环氧树脂接合,或以利用螺栓和螺母的结合方式结合。 The fixing portion 200 is engaged with the epoxy resin to the upper frame, or in conjunction with bolts and nuts way binding.

[0094] 另外,本发明的上部框架200和下部框架300是以环氧树脂接合,或以利用螺栓和螺母的结合方式结合。 [0094] Further, according to the present invention, the upper frame 200 and lower frame 300 engages an epoxy resin, or to bind manner using a bolt and nut combination.

[0095] 另一方面,本发明的无人海底勘探装置100可以设置拍摄周边影像(以静止影像的形态拍摄)的相机,另外,也可以设置拍摄录制视频的水下摄像机。 [0095] On the other hand, unmanned undersea exploration apparatus 100 according to the present invention may be provided outside the image capturing (photographing in the form of still images) of the camera, further, may be provided underwater cameras recording video. 在此,所述水下摄像机是指包含摄录机等公知的多种视频摄像机。 Here, the underwater camera means comprising a video camera recording a variety of other well known.

[0096] 具备如上所述的相机或摄像机时,不仅可以获得更多的信息,还可以提高勘探的正确性。 [0096] When equipped camera or camcorder as described above, not only can get more information, you can also improve the accuracy of exploration.

[0097] 另外,利用于寻找天然气水合物的勘探时,具备所述相机或摄像机,则可以以静止影像或视频拍摄产生甲烷气体的影像、由甲烷气体的放出现象在海底面形成的土丘(mound)、或是利用甲烷气体的生物体群落的状况。 When [0097] Further, find use in the exploration of gas hydrate, comprising a camera or video camera, an image may be generated methane gas in a still image or video capture, a release phenomenon mound methane gas formed in the sea floor ( mound), or using biometric community health methane gas.

[0098] 同时,本发明的海底勘探装置100是在上部框架200上还可以设置照明装置,而且设置相机或摄像机时,更需要照明装置,所述照明装置是以照明相机或摄像机的拍摄区域的形态设置较好。 [0098] Also, the present invention seabed exploration device 100 is in the upper frame 200 may be further provided an illumination means, and setting camera or camcorder, need lighting device, the lighting device is illuminated imaging area of ​​the camera or a video camera set a good shape.

[0099] 另外,本发明可以包含在海底能测定多种能观测事项的各种测定器。 [0099] Further, the present invention may comprise a variety of subsea measurement device capable of measuring a variety of matters can be observed.

[0100] 更具体的,本发明的海底勘探装置可以以具有侦测所在位置周围甲烷气体浓度的甲烷气体测定器的形态来体现。 [0100] More specifically, the undersea exploration device of the invention may be in the form of methane gas measuring device having a methane concentration of ambient gas is located to reflect the position detection.

[0101] 另外,还可以设置测定海水温度的温度测定器。 [0101] Further, in sea water temperature may be further provided a temperature measuring device.

[0102] 另外,还可设置测定海水盐度的盐度测定器。 [0102] In addition, the salinity measurement can also be provided measuring salinity.

[0103] 另外,还可以具备测定无人海底勘探装置所在位置水深的水深测定器。 [0103] In addition, measuring the depth measurement device further includes unmanned undersea exploration depth location means.

[0104] 对此,为了收集来自各种测定器的测定数据,在控制部的控制电路板上装载记忆体。 [0104] In this regard, in order to collect measurement data from the various measuring instrument, the control circuit board in the control unit memory loading.

[0105] 所述记忆体可以为闪存式(flash memory type)、硬盘式(hard disk type)、多媒体卡的微型(multimedia card micro type)、卡式记忆体(例如,SD或XD记忆体等)、随机存取记忆体(Random Access Memory, RAM)、静态随机存取记忆体(Static RandomAccess Memory)、只读记忆体(Readonly Memory, ROM) > EEPROM(ElectricalIy ErasableProgrammable ReadOnly Memory) >PROM (Programmable ReadOnly Memory)、磁性记忆体、磁碟、光碟中至少一个形态的存储媒体。 [0105] The memory may be a microcomputer (multimedia card micro type), flash-memory card (flash memory type), hard drive (hard disk type), a multimedia card (e.g., SD or XD memory, etc.) , random access memory (random access memory, RAM), static random-access memory (static RandomAccess memory), a read-only memory (readonly memory, ROM)> EEPROM (ElectricalIy ErasableProgrammable readOnly memory)> PROM (Programmable readOnly memory ), magnetic memory, magnetic disk, at least one aspect of the disc storage medium.

[0106] 因此,根据本发明,装载地磁传感器的海底勘探装置100是以飞机形状形成的上部框架和结合在所述上部框架的下端部,并装载有地磁传感器的下部框架所构成,在深海底移动时,通过飞机形状的上部框架可使海流的摩擦抵抗最小化,在海底中容易移动,通过在下部框架表面形成的中空可使浮力最小化,因此本发明的海底勘探装置容易浸入海底。 Seabed exploration apparatus [0106] Thus, according to the present invention, the loading of the geomagnetic sensor 100 is formed in the shape of an upper frame and a lower plane portion of the upper bound frame and the lower frame loaded with the geomagnetic sensor is constituted, in the deep seabed moving, enable currents through the upper plane shape of the frame to minimize frictional resistance, easily move in the seabed by a hollow frame formed in the lower surface of the buoyancy can be minimized, thus seabed exploration device of the present invention is easily penetrate the seabed.

[0107] 另外,地磁传感器装载在下部框架内,由此减小海水或海流的外部抵抗产生的磨损,可以保持一定程度上的耐久性。 [0107] Further, the geomagnetic sensor mounted in the lower frame, thereby reducing the external seawater or the abrasion resistance and the currents produced, the durability can be maintained a certain degree.

[0108] 以上,详细的说明例示本发明。 [0108] more detailed description of the present invention is illustrated. 另外,上述的内容只是显示说明本发明的较佳实施形态而已,本发明可在多种其他组合、变更及环境下使用。 Further, the above described preferred embodiment only shows the contents of the present invention, but the present invention can be used in a variety of other combinations, and environmental changes. 而且,在本说明书揭示的发明概念范围内、与描述的内容均等的范围内及/或本发明领域的技术或知识范围内可以实施变更或修正。 Furthermore, within the concept of the invention disclosed in the present specification, the content within a range of equal described and / or art of the present invention may be practiced technology or knowledge of changes and modifications.

[0109] 上述的实施例是用于说明实施本发明的最好状态,并且在利用与本发明一样的发明方面,也能以本发明领域中知晓的其他状态实施,以及在发明的具体适用领域及用途方面所要求的多种变更也能实施。 [0109] The embodiments are for explaining an embodiment of the present invention is preferably a state, and using the same inventive aspects of the present invention can also be embodied in other conditions known in the art of the present invention, and in particular in the field of application of the invention various changes and use aspects of the claimed embodiments can also. 因此,如上所述的详细说明并不是以实施的状态限定本发明。 Accordingly, the above detailed description of the embodiment in a state not limit the invention. 另外,记载的权利要求书应解释为包含其他实施状态。 Further, it shall be construed to include other embodiments described in the state claimed in claim.

[0110]〈主要图形标记的说明〉 [0110] <main pattern SIGNS>

[0111] 100:海底勘探装置 [0111] 100: seabed exploration means

[0112] 200:上部框架 212:中央支持台 [0112] 200: upper frame 212: a central support table

[0113] 210:第I侧面支持台 210a,211a:孔 [0113] 210: I, the side support units 210a, 211a: hole

[0114] 210b:结合线 211:第2侧面支持台 [0114] 210b: joining line 211: side surface of the second support base

[0115] 213:尾翼 217:挂钩部 [0115] 213: wing 217: hook portion

[0116] 300:下部框架 310:支持框架 [0116] 300: a lower frame 310: a support frame

[0117] 311:孔 400:地磁传感器 [0117] 311: Hole 400: geomagnetic sensor

[0118] 410:壳体 411:结合支架 [0118] 410: housing 411: binding scaffolds

[0119] 412:发送线圈 413:接收线圈 [0119] 412: transmitting coil 413: a receiving coil

[0120] 414:补偿线圈 415:基准线圈 [0120] 414: compensation coils 415: reference coil

[0121] 416:电源电缆 417:发送线圈连接线 [0121] 416: power supply cable 417: transmitting coil cable

[0122] 418:接收线圈连接线 419:基准线圈连接线 [0122] 418: receiving coil connection wires 419: connection line reference coil

[0123] 500:控制部 510:耐压容器 [0123] 500: control unit 510: pressure-resistant vessel

[0124] 520:水密孔 530:固定部 [0124] 520: watertight hole 530: fixing portion

[0125] 540:盖部件 550:控制电路板 [0125] 540: a cover member 550: a control board

[0126] 700:船舶 A:前端 [0126] 700: Ship A: front end

Claims (8)

  1. 1.一种具有地磁传感器的海底勘探装置,其特征在于,包含: 上部框架(200),在深海底中移动时为使海流及海水的抵抗产生的表面阻力最小化,在表面形成有复数个孔; 下部框架(300),与所述上部框架的下部结合,在其内部具备具有中空的长方形地磁传感器(400),在其表面以一定间隔形成复数个孔,以便在所述深海底中移动时,使海流及海水的抵抗产生的表面阻力最小化,容易向所述深海底浸入;以及控制部(500),安装在所述上部框架(200)内,并控制所述地磁传感器(400)的驱动,其中,所述上部框架(200)是通过牵引缆绳L与船舶(700)联结,所述下部框架(300)的内部表面上涂布防水膜以便防止所述地磁传感器(400)与海水接触。 A seabed exploration apparatus having a geomagnetic sensor, wherein, comprising: an upper frame (200), the surface resistance moved deep in the seabed such that the water resistance and the currents are minimized, with a plurality of holes formed in a surface ; lower frame (300), combined with the lower portion of the upper frame, provided in its interior with a hollow rectangular geomagnetic sensor (400) to form a plurality of spaced holes in its surface, to move when the deep seabed, and water resistance so that currents generated surface of the minimize resistance, easily penetrate deep into the seabed; and a control unit (500), mounted within said upper frame (200) and controls the geomagnetic sensor (400) is driven wherein the upper frame (200) by pulling the cable L to the ship (700) coupled, on the inner surface of the lower frame (300) so as to prevent the waterproofing membrane coating said geomagnetic sensor (400) in contact with seawater.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的具有地磁传感器的海底勘探装置,其特征在于, 所述上部框架(200)包含:以梯子结构形成,其前端形成得具有直角三角形形状,为使海水产生的表面摩擦阻力最小化,在表面形成有复数个孔的第I侧面支持台(210)及第2侧面支持台(211);以及在所述第I侧面支持台(210)和所述第2侧面支持台(211)之间以一定间隔配置,与所述第I侧面支持台(210)和所述第2侧面支持台(211)以垂直方向结合且具有四角架形状的复数个中央支持台(212), 其中,在所述第I侧面支持台(210)及所述第2侧面支持台(211)的内侧表面形成复数个结合线(210b)以分别结合所述复数个中央支持台(212)。 It is generated in the surface of the sea to form a ladder structure, its front end formed to have a right triangle shape: 2. seabed exploration apparatus having a geomagnetic sensor according to claim 1, wherein said upper frame (200) comprising to minimize frictional resistance, there is formed a first plurality of holes I side surface of support base (210) and the second side support units (211) on a surface; and a side surface of said first support table I (210) and said second side support between a station (211) arranged at regular intervals, with the I-side support base (210) and said second side support units (211) in a vertical direction and having a quadrangular frame shape in combination of a plurality of central support base (212 ), wherein, in the I-side support base (210) and the second inner side surface of the table support (211) forming a plurality of joint lines (210b) respectively coupled to the plurality of central support base (212) .
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的具有地磁传感器的海底勘探装置,其特征在于, 所述下部框架(300)包含位于所述地磁传感器(400)的上部和下部,在表面形成有复数个孔的长方形支持框架(310), 所述支持框架(310)的内面涂布防水膜以便防止所述地磁传感器(400)与海水接触。 The seabed exploration device having a geomagnetic sensor according to claim 1, wherein the lower frame (300) comprising upper and lower portions in said geomagnetic sensor (400) is formed with a plurality of holes in the surface a rectangular support frame (310), said support frame (310) of the inner surface of the waterproof film so as to prevent coating of said geomagnetic sensor (400) in contact with seawater.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的具有地磁传感器的海底勘探装置,其特征在于,所述支持框架(310)是以玻璃纤维形成,则扭曲或振动很小。 4. The seabed exploration apparatus having a geomagnetic sensor according to claim 1, characterized in that said support frame (310) is formed of glass fibers, the twisting or vibration is small.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的具有地磁传感器的海底勘探装置,其特征在于, 所述地磁传感器(400)包含: 壳体(410),是以具有中空的长方形形状形成; 发送线圈(412),在所述壳体(410)的外侧周边卷绕复数次,形成I次磁场; 结合支架(411),与所述壳体(410)的中央两端结合; 接收线圈(413),设置在所述结合支架(411)的中央部形成的圆形空间内,以侦测所述I次磁场在海底面形成的2次磁场的磁场强度; 补偿线圈(414),从所述发送线圈(412)延长,经过所述结合支架(411),隔离所述接收线圈(413)的外周面设置在所述中央部,并从所述接收线圈(413)侦测的磁场强度消除对所述I次磁场的贡献分量;以及基准线圈(415),设置在所述结合支架(411),并与所述补偿线圈(414)隔离,以抵消所述I次磁场的变化。 The seabed exploration device having a geomagnetic sensor according to claim 1, wherein the geomagnetic sensor (400) comprising: a housing (410), is a hollow rectangular shape; transmission coil (412) in the outer periphery of the secondary winding a plurality of housing (410), the secondary magnetic field formed I; binding support (411), in combination with the two ends of the central housing (410); a receiver coil (413), provided within the circular space formed at the center of the coupling bracket (411), the secondary magnetic field strength of the magnetic field to detect the secondary magnetic field formed in the I seafloor; compensation coil (414), from said transmitting coil (412 ) extend through the coupling bracket (411), an outer circumferential surface of the receiving coil spacer (413) is provided at the central portion, and from the receiving coil (413) to detect magnetic field strength of the secondary I elimination the contribution of components of the field; and a reference coil (415), the binding change is provided in support (411), and isolated from the compensation coil (414) to cancel the magnetic field of the I th.
  6. 6.根据权利要求5所述的具有地磁传感器的海底勘探装置,其特征在于, 所述补偿线圈(414),与所述发送线圈(413)相隔配置,以与所述发送线圈(413)的电流相反的方向感应电流,具备在所述接收线圈的外部以便抵消对所述I次磁场的贡献分量。 The seabed exploration apparatus having a geomagnetic sensor according to claim 5, characterized in that the compensating coil (414), and said transmission coil (413) disposed spaced apart, with said transmitting coil (413) of current direction opposite to the induction current, is provided outside the receiver coil so as to cancel the contribution of the I component of the secondary magnetic field.
  7. 7.根据权利要求5所述的具有地磁传感器的海底勘探装置,其特征在于, 所述壳体(410)及所述结合支架(411)是以玻璃纤维材质形成,以抑制外部冲击产生的扭曲及振动。 7. The seabed exploration device having a geomagnetic sensor according to claim 5, characterized in that the housing (410) and the coupling bracket (411) is formed of glass fiber material in order to suppress distortion generated external impact and vibration.
  8. 8.根据权利要求5所述的具有地磁传感器的海底勘探装置,其特征在于, 所述控制部(500)包含: 耐压容器(510),具备在所述上部框架(200)内,并在其一端形成有复数个水密孔(520);以及控制电路板(511),具备在所述耐压容器(510)内, 其中,所述控制电路板(511)是与通过所述水密孔(520)向所述耐压容器(510)引入的所述发送线圈(412)、所述接收线圈(413)、所述基准线圈(415)连接。 8. The seabed exploration device having a geomagnetic sensor according to claim 5, characterized in that the control unit (500) comprising: a pressure vessel (510), provided within said upper frame (200), and one end thereof is formed with a plurality of watertight holes (520); and a control circuit board (511), provided in the pressure vessel (510), wherein said control circuit board (511) is watertight through said aperture ( 520) of said transmitter coil (412) introduced into the pressure container (510), said receiving coil (413), said reference coil (415) is connected.
CN 201410312296 2013-07-03 2014-07-02 Apparatus for investigating the sea bottom comprising geomagnetic sensor CN104280783A (en)

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