CN104278957B - A kind of upper and lower rig floor automatic operation device of drilling rod - Google Patents

A kind of upper and lower rig floor automatic operation device of drilling rod Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104278957B
CN104278957B CN201410514628.3A CN201410514628A CN104278957B CN 104278957 B CN104278957 B CN 104278957B CN 201410514628 A CN201410514628 A CN 201410514628A CN 104278957 B CN104278957 B CN 104278957B
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China
Prior art keywords
drilling tool
rig floor
cat road
hole
drilling
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CN201410514628.3A
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CN104278957A (en
Inventor
邓贺景
王洪州
王红芳
王艳
王燕
黄东平
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Changqing Drilling Co of CNPC Chuanqing Drilling Engineering Co Ltd
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Changqing Drilling Co of CNPC Chuanqing Drilling Engineering Co Ltd
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Application filed by Changqing Drilling Co of CNPC Chuanqing Drilling Engineering Co Ltd filed Critical Changqing Drilling Co of CNPC Chuanqing Drilling Engineering Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410514628.3A priority Critical patent/CN104278957B/en
Publication of CN104278957A publication Critical patent/CN104278957A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B19/00Handling rods, casings, tubes or the like outside the borehole, e.g. in the derrick; Apparatus for feeding the rods or cables
    • E21B19/14Racks, ramps, troughs or bins, for holding the lengths of rod singly or connected; Handling between storage place and borehole
    • E21B19/15Racking of rods in horizontal position; Handling between horizontal and vertical position
    • E21B19/155Handling between horizontal and vertical position

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of drilling rod upper and lower rig floor automatic operation device.Its technical scheme is:The upper and lower rig floor automatic operation device of drilling rod, including the slide track vehicle that open ramp, open cat Dao Jiyumao roads are slidably matched, open mouse hole and the slide track vehicle being slidably matched with mouse hole.Push and block, upset and grasping mechanism is respectively equipped with the mouse hole position of the lower end in ramp with cat road joint.Opening is provided with to bottom in the middle part of cat road and mouse hole, is easy to pipe to pass through upset.Unload on rig floor drilling tool when may be implemented in mouse hole upper end operation, need not operate to put on compressed air hoist and put drilling tool, reduce well head operating personnel, while reduce potential safety hazard.The characteristics of present invention has the easy reliability of reasonable in design, manipulation, saves manpower, highly effective and safe, it is adaptable to rig of the drilling floor surface higher than 9.5 meters.

Description

A kind of upper and lower rig floor automatic operation device of drilling rod
Technical field
The present invention relates to drilling engineering mechanical field, and in particular to a kind of upper and lower rig floor automatic operation device of drilling rod.
Background technology
The upper and lower rig floor of drilling rod is an important operation of drilling crew, need by pipe support and rig floor on whole drilling rods on, Under on rack for rods on rig floor and below rig floor, the few person 200-400 of drilling rod, many persons nearly thousand, workload is big.Past One, drilling rod typically respectively draws with compressed air hoist on compressed air hoist on rig floor and cat road in drilling team, draws steel wire rope below, send steel wire above Rope, two compressed air hoist synchronous operations, drilling rod is lifted to from rig floor on low level cat road.
One kind " the upper and lower rig floor automatic operation device of drilling rod " as disclosed in Patent No. CN102230364A, including slope The cat road car that road, Mao Dao, cat road bracing frame Ji Yumao roads are slidably matched, is characterized in that:It is provided with to slide with ramp on ramp and matches somebody with somebody The ramp car of conjunction, lower end and the cat road joint in ramp are respectively equipped with ramp push and block mechanism and switching mechanism, near upset The cat road of mechanism is provided with lifting mechanism, and in the middle part of cat road, also interval setting is no less than two drilling rod Push-unloading scrapers;The ramp car One end hinge drilling rod upper blocking seat of deck under drilling rod, in its hinged end connection ramp car driving cylinder, drive drilling rod upper blocking seat with Under drilling rod, deck is opened and closed cooperation, and under drilling rod, deck is respectively arranged at two ends with wheel roller and limit card block, limit card block and slope The ramp of road both sides is slidably matched;The ramp push and block mechanism is to connect V shape baffle plates in ramp lower end inside axle, and baffle plate is by connecting Barrier driving cylinder on ramp drives rotatable engagement;The switching mechanism is the leading section that rotating plate shaft is connected in cat road, under turnover panel Side connects and composes upset with turnover panel driving cylinder and coordinates;The lifting mechanism is by drilling rod top board and the top below drilling rod top board Plate driving cylinder connects, and constitute drilling rod top board moves back and forth up and down cooperation, and drilling rod top board upper surface is provided with several arranged in parallel Groove;The Push-unloading scraper is made up of the top board driving cylinder that drilling rod top board and lower section connect, constitute drilling rod top board liter lift and Upset coordinates;The cat road car car body is respectively arranged at two ends with running roller and side seat, and running roller and side seat constitute slip with Mao Dao both sides and match somebody with somebody Close, on front side of car body, be provided with the gripper shoe of overlap joint drilling rod, gripper shoe upper shaft connects drilling rod deck, connection cat road in the rotating shaft of drilling rod deck Car driving cylinder, drilling rod deck are provided with the groove corresponding with the groove arranged on lifting mechanism drilling rod top board, and constitute with drilling rod Fix and coordinate, cat road car is by motor and drawstring or the reciprocal drive connection of chain interoperation;Aforementioned ramp push and block mechanism, tipper Structure, lifting mechanism, Push-unloading scraper and cat road wagon drill bar deck are driven using hydraulic pressure or air pressure, and matched driving cylinder is adopted Hydraulic pressure or pneumatic cylinder.
The V shape pawls corresponding with the groove on lifting mechanism drilling rod top board are provided with the connecting shaft of turnover panel.
Car forward and backward stroke stop switch in cat road is respectively equipped with before and after cat road, and in cat road, afterbody is provided with cat road car anticreep Block.
All operations mechanism in this device is connected to controller by wired or wireless way.
The characteristics of invention has the easy reliability of reasonable in design, manipulation, highly effective and safe, has filled up the device in the field Blank, solves that prior art mechanization and automaticity are low, security is poor, operator's high labor intensive, work well The low problem of effect, particularly can effectively solve the safety problem of staff during the upper and lower rig floor of drilling rod.
But the people of the upper and lower two operations compressed air hoist of this job requirements must work good, as far as possible synchronous, to operator Member has high demands, and operating process is complicated, low production efficiency, and because mismate occurs accident once in a while, the lighter damages drilling rod, and severe one is injured , there is certain potential safety hazard in staff.
Content of the invention
For solving the above problems, the present invention provides a kind of drilling rod upper and lower rig floor automatic operation device, and realization does not use pneumatic Winch achieves that the upper and lower rig floor of drilling tool.
The technical scheme is that:A kind of upper and lower rig floor automatic operation device of drilling rod, including rig floor, is located at rig floor side The brill of open gate slope, the cat road for being located at rig floor lower end and being connected with open gate slope lower end, the cat road and rig floor Table top is parallel, and the side for being located at open gate slope one end on the rig floor is provided with open mouse hole, and this is open little Rat hole is vertical with the drilling floor surface of rig floor, and extends to the lower end of rig floor, and being connected with the open mouse hole can be along opening The rat hole coaster that formula mouse hole is slided up and down, is provided with the cat road slide track vehicle slided along cat road level, the cat in the cat road Road slide track vehicle is provided with drilling tool water hole pipe nipple, and the drilling tool water hole pipe nipple is rotatable on cat road slide track vehicle, the rat hole coaster Bottom is provided with chuck.
The road length direction in the upper surface Shang Yanmao roads in described cat road is provided with horizontal V shape grooves, the extended line of the V shape grooves Intersect with open mouse hole.
The stuck point of the chuck is hydraulic control.
The stuck point of the chuck is pneumatic control.
The chuck can carry out size replacing by drilling tool female joint.
The beneficial effect of the present invention program:
1st, production efficiency is high, and labour intensity is low, safe operation, simplicity.
2nd, operation principle is advanced simple, fully mechanized operation.
3rd, move easy for installation, occupied ground size is essentially identical with drilling team Xian Yongmao roads.
Drilling tool is hung gate slope from place sheet root by 1 people of existing needs, also needs compressed air hoist by drilling tool from big Door ramp hangs in rat hole, needs 3 people to operate altogether.
Drilling tool is hung in rat hole from gate slope by the compressed air hoist that also needs of the device after improvement, and 2 people operate.
This device can achieve one man operation, it is to avoid personnel's cooperation goes wrong, and safe and reasonable saves human resources.
It is described in more detail below with reference to accompanying drawing.
Description of the drawings
Side views of the Fig. 1 for the upper and lower rig floor automatic operation device of drilling rod;
Front views of the Fig. 2 for the upper and lower rig floor automatic operation device of drilling rod;
Fig. 3 is chuck structure schematic diagram;
Tu4Wei Mao roads end can be inserted into the slide track vehicle schematic diagram of drilling tool water hole pipe nipple;
Tu5Wei Mao roads end can be inserted into the slide track vehicle of drilling tool water hole pipe nipple and pack up schematic diagram.
Reference in figure:1st, open gate slope;2nd, tubing string is simulated;3rd, open mouse hole;4th, chuck;5th, Mao Dao Slide track vehicle;6th, Mao Dao;7th, rig floor;8th, V shapes groove;9th, drilling tool water hole pipe nipple;10th, rat hole coaster;11st, stuck point.
Specific embodiment
The people of the upper and lower two operations compressed air hoist of job requirements must work good, as far as possible synchronous, and operating personnel are had high demands, Operating process is complicated, low production efficiency, and because mismate occurs accident once in a while, the lighter damages drilling rod, and severe one injures staff, There is certain potential safety hazard.
For solving the above problems, the present invention provides a kind of drilling rod as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5 upper and lower rig floor Automatic operation device, including rig floor 7, be located at 7 side of rig floor open gate slope 1, be located at 7 lower end of rig floor and with open The cat road 6 of 1 lower end of gate slope connection, the cat road 6 are parallel with the drilling floor surface of rig floor 7, are located at open gate on the rig floor 7 The side of 1 one end of ramp is provided with open mouse hole 3, and the open mouse hole 3 is vertical with the drilling floor surface of rig floor 7, and extends To the lower end of rig floor 7, it is connected with, in the open mouse hole 3, the rat hole coaster that can be slided up and down along open mouse hole 3 10, the cat road slide track vehicle 5 slided along 6 level of cat road is provided with the cat road 6, cat road slide track vehicle 5 is provided with drilling tool water Eye pipe nipple 9, the drilling tool water hole pipe nipple 9 are rotatable on cat road slide track vehicle 5, and 10 bottom of rat hole coaster is provided with chuck 4.
The road length direction in the upper surface Shang Yanmao roads 6 in described cat road 6 is provided with horizontal V shapes groove 8, and the V shapes groove 8 prolongs Long line is intersected with open mouse hole 3.
The stuck point 11 of the chuck 4 is hydraulic control.
The stuck point 11 of the chuck 4 is pneumatic control.
In the present embodiment control mode adopted by institute's stuck point 11 is driven using hydraulic cylinder for hydraulic control, by pressure Mechanical energy is converted to, is come and gone or upset, gyration so as to carry out straight line.
The cat road slide track vehicle 5 that the cat road is slidably matched is by cat road slide track vehicle 5 and pluggable drilling tool water hole pipe nipple 9 and connection Mechanism is constituted, and speed is adjustable, and strength is adjustable.The need provided by the present embodiment coordinate cat road slide track vehicle 5 by cat road slide track vehicle 5 and card Disk 4 and bindiny mechanism are constituted, and realize that speed is adjustable, and strength is adjustable in motion to clamping drilling tool operation.
The chuck 4 can carry out size replacing by drilling tool female joint.
Replacing size can be carried out by drilling tool female joint, chucking power may be selected;When drilling tool female joint passes through certain distance Stop drilling tool motion afterwards and realize holding function, realize the control to drilling tool.
The cat road slide track vehicle 5 is provided with by 6 end of cat road can be inserted into drilling tool water hole pipe nipple 9.
V shapes groove 8 is provided with cat road 6, prevents pipe from rolling;Pluggable drilling tool water hole pipe nipple 9 is provided with 6 end of cat road Cat road slide track vehicle 5, facilitate implementation position control and the confirmation of position during drilling tool up-downgoing;Cat road slide track vehicle 5 is one The two-way push lifting device that individual drive drives, general displacement are controllable less than 10 meters, raise that tonnage is adjustable to be less than 3 tons;? 6 top of cat road and 3 bottom of open mouse hole are provided with the mechanism of the removable promptly chuck 4 being connected with rat hole coaster 10, real Position control during existing drilling tool up-downgoing.
A kind of upper and lower rig floor automatic operation device of drilling rod for being provided in the present embodiment can also be used for other sleeve pipe equal lengths In the upper and lower rig floor of the pipe of 9-10 rice, simulation is kept a grip on 2 and can provide various sizes of motion result.
A kind of upper and lower rig floor automatic operation device of drilling rod that the present embodiment is provided, its working method is:
Rig floor on drilling tool:Drilling tool is placed on the V shapes groove 8 on cat road 6, and 6 end of cat road can be inserted into drilling tool water hole pipe nipple 9 Cat road slide track vehicle 5 withstands drilling tool, starts cat road slide track vehicle 5 and send brill toward before open gate slope 1 after pipe nipple insertion drilling tool water hole Tool;Drilling tool pass through open gate slope 1 opening and open mouse hole 3 be open touch chuck 4 device, to ground stop to Drilling tool is blocked in front motion, the chuck 4 of the connection of open mouse hole 3;After chuck 4 blocks drilling tool, cat road slide track vehicle 5 continues to transport forward Dynamic, while 10 car of rat hole slideway is moved toward on the drilling floor surface of rig floor 7 along open mouse hole 3, realize that drilling tool upset is up;Cat road Slide track vehicle 5 runs to after the triggering of 1 lower end of open gate slope only stops and stops travelling forward, and now the drilling floor surface of rig floor 7 can be with Implement to connect drilling tool;Signal after completing to connect drilling tool operation, the chuck 4 being connected with open mouse hole 3 is opened, cat road slideway Car 5,10 synchronous return of rat hole coaster.Next drilling tool is waited to be placed in the V shapes groove 8 on cat road 6.
Rig floor under drilling tool:Cat road slide track vehicle 5 runs to after the triggering of 1 lower end of open gate slope only stops and stops transporting forward Dynamic, now can be inserted into drilling tool water hole pipe nipple 9 vertically upward, cat road 6 goes upward to 3 upper end of open mouse hole;Drilling tool transferred by rig floor Pipe nipple 9 is inserted to drilling tool water hole, stops decentralization, triggered open mouse hole 3, the work of chuck 4 and catch drilling tool;Chuck 4 blocks brill After tool, cat road slide track vehicle 5 continues to move backward, while rat hole coaster 10 is moved toward under rig floor along open mouse hole 3, realizes boring Tool upset is descending;Rat hole coaster 10 is descending in place, stops cat road slide track vehicle 5 and continues to move backward, is connected with open mouse hole 3 Chuck 4 open, cat road slide track vehicle 5 continues to move backward and unclamps chuck 4 afterwards in place, and drilling tool is in place;Cat road slide track vehicle 5, rat hole 10 synchronous return of coaster.Next drilling tool is waited to enter open mouse hole 3.
Above operation is chain each other, does not produce location conflicts.
The part that the present embodiment is not specifically described belongs to the common knowledge of the art and known technology, if any need Want us provide reference!Exemplified as above is only to illustration of the invention, does not constitute the protection to the present invention The restriction of scope, every design same or analogous with the present invention are belonged within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. the upper and lower rig floor automatic operation device of a kind of drilling rod, including rig floor(7), it is located at rig floor(7)The open gate slope of side Road(1), be located at rig floor(7)Lower end and with open gate slope(1)The cat road of lower end connection(6), the cat road(6)With rig floor (7)Drilling floor surface parallel, it is characterised in that:The rig floor(7)Open gate slope is above located at(1)The side of one end is provided with Open mouse hole(3), the open mouse hole(3)With rig floor(7)Drilling floor surface vertical, and extend to rig floor(7)Lower end, The open mouse hole(3)Inside being connected with can be along open mouse hole(3)The rat hole coaster for sliding up and down(10), the cat Road(6)Inside it is provided with along Mao Dao(6)The cat road slide track vehicle that level is slided(5), cat road slide track vehicle(5)It is provided with drilling tool water hole Pipe nipple(9), the drilling tool water hole pipe nipple(9)In cat road slide track vehicle(5)Upper rotatable, the rat hole coaster(10)Bottom is provided with card Disk(4);
Drilling tool is placed on the V shape grooves on cat road, and Mao Dao ends can be inserted into the cat road slide track vehicle of drilling tool water hole pipe nipple and withstand drilling tool, Start cat road slide track vehicle after pipe nipple insertion drilling tool water hole drilling tool is sent toward before open gate slope;Drilling tool passes through open gate slope Road opening and open mouse hole opening touch the device of chuck, stop travelling forward to ground, open mouse hole connection Chuck blocks drilling tool;After chuck blocks drilling tool, cat road slide track vehicle continues to move forward, while rat hole slide track vehicle is along open mouse Hole is moved toward on the drilling floor surface of rig floor, realizes that drilling tool upset is up;Cat road slide track vehicle runs to open gate slope lower end and touches Send out and stop travelling forward after only stopping, now the drilling floor surface of rig floor is implemented to connect drilling tool;Signal after completing to connect drilling tool operation, and open The chuck connected by the formula mouse hole of putting is opened, cat road slide track vehicle, rat hole coaster synchronization return;Next drilling tool is waited to be placed on cat In V shape grooves on road;Rig floor under drilling tool:Cat road slide track vehicle run to stop after the triggering of open gate slope lower end only stops to Front motion, now can be inserted into drilling tool water hole pipe nipple vertically upward, and cat road goes upward to open mouse hole upper end;Drilling tool transferred by rig floor Pipe nipple is inserted to drilling tool water hole, stops decentralization, triggered open mouse hole, chucking work and catch drilling tool;After chuck blocks drilling tool, Cat road slide track vehicle continues to move backward, while rat hole coaster is moved toward under rig floor along open mouse hole, realizes under drilling tool upset OK;Rat hole coaster is descending in place, stops cat road slide track vehicle and continues to move backward, and the chuck being connected with open mouse hole is opened, Cat road slide track vehicle continues to move in place release chuck afterwards backward, and drilling tool is in place;Cat road slide track vehicle, rat hole coaster synchronization return;Deng Treat that next drilling tool enters open mouse hole;Above operation is chain each other, does not produce location conflicts.
2. a kind of upper and lower rig floor automatic operation device of drilling rod according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described cat road (6)Upper surface Shang Yanmao roads(6)Road length direction be provided with horizontal V shape grooves(8), the V shape grooves(8)Extended line and opening Formula mouse hole(3)Intersecting.
3. a kind of upper and lower rig floor automatic operation device of drilling rod according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The chuck (4)Stuck point(11)For hydraulic control.
4. a kind of upper and lower rig floor automatic operation device of drilling rod according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The chuck (4)Stuck point(11)For pneumatic control.
5. a kind of upper and lower rig floor automatic operation device of drilling rod according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The chuck (4)Size replacing is carried out by drilling tool female joint.
CN201410514628.3A 2014-09-30 2014-09-30 A kind of upper and lower rig floor automatic operation device of drilling rod Active CN104278957B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410514628.3A CN104278957B (en) 2014-09-30 2014-09-30 A kind of upper and lower rig floor automatic operation device of drilling rod

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410514628.3A CN104278957B (en) 2014-09-30 2014-09-30 A kind of upper and lower rig floor automatic operation device of drilling rod

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CN104278957A CN104278957A (en) 2015-01-14
CN104278957B true CN104278957B (en) 2017-03-15

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Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101812977B (en) * 2009-02-25 2012-10-10 北京Tsc海洋石油装备有限公司 Drilling platform pipe racking system and method
CN102140897B (en) * 2011-04-02 2013-04-10 建湖县鸿达阀门管件有限公司 Automatic racking device for drill rod
CN202140047U (en) * 2011-06-14 2012-02-08 胜利油田海胜环保工程有限责任公司 Automatic operation device for moving drill rod onto or off drill floor
US9267341B2 (en) * 2012-05-14 2016-02-23 Nabors Drilling International Limited Drilling rig employing pivoting drilling tower
CN202673195U (en) * 2012-06-12 2013-01-16 宝鸡石油机械有限责任公司 Device for connecting drill pipes with three-joint unit
CN103556960B (en) * 2013-11-21 2015-11-04 四川宏华石油设备有限公司 Drilling tool conveying device
CN204140001U (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-02-04 中国石油集团川庆钻探工程有限公司长庆钻井总公司 The upper and lower rig floor automatic operation device of a kind of drilling rod

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