CN104274738A - 一种治疗耳鸣的中药及其制备方法 - Google Patents

一种治疗耳鸣的中药及其制备方法 Download PDF

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CN104274738A
CN104274738A CN201410492904.0A CN201410492904A CN104274738A CN 104274738 A CN104274738 A CN 104274738A CN 201410492904 A CN201410492904 A CN 201410492904A CN 104274738 A CN104274738 A CN 104274738A
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胡慧梅
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JINAN QIANCHENG INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY CONSULTATION Co Ltd
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Abstract

本发明公开了中医药技术领域,特别涉及一种治疗耳鸣的中药及其制备方法。该治疗耳鸣的中药是由以下原料制成:当归2-10份,白术2-10份,赤芍6-12份,大枣6-12份,麦芽5-15份,熟地黄5-15份,紫河车2-8份,菟丝子2-8份,凤尾七2-10份,桑螵蛸2-10份,山茱萸2-10份,石菖蒲2-8份,玄参5-15份,麦门冬2-10份,钩藤5-15份,竹叶兰2-8份,薄荷2-8份,远志2-8份,甘草2-8份。本发明采用的药材相辅相成,根据中医理论组方,按照一定的重量配比配制而成对治疗耳鸣具有显著的疗效,而且其安全可靠,制备方法简单,使用也方便。

Description

一种治疗耳鸣的中药及其制备方法
[0001](一)
技术领域
本发明涉及中医药技术领域,特别涉及一种治疗耳鸣的中药及其制备方法。
[0002] (二)
背景技术
耳鸣是一种常见的临床症状,是指在无任何外界相应的声源刺激时耳内或头部所产生的声音主观感觉。耳鸣影响患者的情绪、听力、睡眠和注意力,从而引起患者的恐惧和焦虑,进而影响身心健康。中医认为“肝肾不足、淤血阻络”是耳鸣的根本原因。一方面,肾与耳关系密切,肾为先天之本,藏精生髓,上通于脑,开窍于耳,髓海不足,则脑转耳鸣;另一方面,气血不畅,宗脉则虚,随脉入耳,与气相击,故为耳鸣。
[0003]目前,治疗耳鸣多采用仪器治疗、电刺激治疗等方法,效果并不明显,无法根治,且极易影响听力。传统中医由于具有强调整体观念、协调阴阳、表本兼治、毒副作用小等优点,越来越被人们认可。
[0004](三)
发明内容
本发明为了弥补现有技术的不足,提供了一种治疗广泛、疗效快、治愈率高的治疗耳鸣的中药。
[0005] 本发明是通过如下技术方案实现的:
一种治疗耳鸣的中药,其特征在于:是由以下重量配比的原料制成:当归2-10份,白术2-10份,赤芍6-12份,大枣6-12份,麦芽5_15份,熟地黄5_15份,紫河车2_8份,菟丝子2-8份,凤尾七2-10份,桑螵蛸2-10份,山茱萸2-10份,石菖蒲2_8份,玄参5_15份,麦门冬2_10份,钩藤5_15份,竹叶兰2_8份,薄荷2_8份,远志2_8份,甘草2_8份。
[0006] 更优配方是由以下重量配比的原料制成:当归5份,白术5份,赤芍8份,大枣8份,麦芽8份,熟地黄8份,紫河车4份,菟丝子5份,凤尾七5份,桑螵蛸5份,山茱萸5份,石菖蒲4份,玄参8份,麦门冬5份,钩藤8份,竹叶兰6份,薄荷4份,远志5份,甘草5份。
[0007] 治疗耳鸣的中药的制备方法包括以下步骤:
(1)去杂:将上述配方原料中杂质除去,进行淘洗,去除泥土 ;
(2)粉碎、过筛:将上述去杂的药材烘干粉碎后过80目筛,混均匀;
(3)制剂:按照各种剂型的标准制剂工艺制备成丸剂。
[0008] 以下是上述本发明的药物中各种原药材的功能和作用:
当归:性味:味甘,辛,苦,性温;归经:归肝,心,脾经;功能主治:补血活血,调经止痛,润燥滑肠。主血虚诸证,月经不调,经闭,痛经,癥瘕结聚,崩漏,虚寒腹痛,痿痹,肌肤麻木,肠燥便难,赤痢后重,痈疽疮疡,跌扑损伤。
[0009] 白术:性味:苦、甘,温;归经:归脾、胃经;功能主治:健脾益气,燥湿利水,止汗,安胎;功能主治:主治脾气虚弱之乏力,食少腹胀,泄泻,便秘,水饮内停之小便不利,水肿,痰饮眩晕,寒湿痹,身痛,气虚自汗,胎动不安。
[0010] 赤芍:性味:苦,微寒。归经:入肝、脾经。功能主治:清热凉血,活血祛瘀,治温毒发斑,吐血衄血,肠风下血,目赤肿痛,痈肿疮疡,闭经,痛经,崩带淋浊,瘀滞胁痛,疝瘕积聚,跌扑损伤。
[0011] 大枣:性味:甘,温;归经:归心、脾、胃经;功能主治:补脾胃,益气血,安心神,调营卫,和药性;主治脾胃虚弱,气血不足,食少便溏,倦怠乏力,心悸失眠,妇人脏躁,营卫不和。
[0012] 麦芽:性味:甘,平;归经:归脾、胃经;功能主治:消食化积,回乳;主治食积,腹满泄泻,恶心呕吐,食欲不振,乳汁郁积,乳房胀痛。
[0013] 熟地黄:性味:味甘,性温;归经:归肝,肾经;功能主治:补血滋阴,益精填髓。主血虚萎黄,眩晕心悸,月经不调,崩漏不止,肝肾阴亏,潮热盗汗,遗精阳痿,不育不孕,腰膝酸软,耳鸣耳聋,头目昏花,须发早白,消渴,便秘,肾虚喘促。
[0014] 紫河车:性味:甘、咸,温;归经:归肺、肝、肾经;功能主治:益气养血,补肾益精;主治虚劳赢瘦,虚喘劳嗽,气虚无力,血虚面黄,阳痿遗精,不孕少乳。
[0015] 桑螵蛸:性味:甘、咸,平;归经:归肝、肾、膀胱经;功能主治:固精缩尿,补肾助阳;主治遗精,早泄,阳痿,遗尿,尿频,小便失禁,白浊,带下。
[0016] 菟丝子:性味:辛、甘,平;归经:归肝、肾、脾经;功能主治:补肾益精,养肝明目,固胎止泄;主治腰膝酸痛,遗精,阳痿,早泄,不育,消渴,淋池,遗尿,目昏耳鸣,胎动不安,流产,泄泻。
[0017] 凤尾七:性味:甘、涩、微苦,温;功能主治:补肾,养心安神,调经活血,明目;治虚劳,骨蒸劳热,干血劳,月经不调,耳鸣目眩。
[0018] 山茱萸:性味:酸,微温;归经:归肝、肾经;功能主治:补益肝肾,收敛固脱;主治头晕目眩,耳聋耳鸣,腰膝酸软,遗精滑精,小便频数,虚汗不止,妇女崩漏。
[0019] 石菖蒲:性味:辛、苦,微温;归经:归心、肝、脾经;功能主治:豁痰开窍,化湿和胃,宁心益智;主治热病神昏,痰厥,健忘,失眠,耳鸣,耳聋,噤口痢,风湿痹病。
[0020] 玄参:性味:甘、苦、咸,微寒;归经:归肺、胃、肾经;功能主治:凉血,滋阴降火,解毒;主治温热病热入营血,身热,烦渴,舌绛,发斑,骨蒸劳嗽,虚烦不寐,津伤便秘,目涩昏花,咽喉肿痛,瘰疬痰核,痈疽疮毒。
[0021] 麦门冬:性味:甘、微苦,微寒;归经:归肺、胃、心经;功能主治:滋阴润肺,益胃生津,清心除烦;主治肺燥干咳,肺痈,阴虚劳嗽,津伤口渴,消渴,心烦失眠,咽喉疼痛,肠燥便秘,血热吐衄。
[0022] 钩藤:性味:甘、微苦,微寒;归经:归肝、心包经;功能主治:熄风止痉,清热平肝;主治小儿^(风、夜啼,热盛动风,子痫,肝阳眩晕,肝火头胀痛,及伤寒头痛壮热,鼻衄不止。
[0023] 竹叶兰:性味:甘、微苦,平;功能主治:清肺止咳,补肺益肾,调经止血;主治肺热咳嗽,气虚喘咳,耳鸣耳鸣,骨折,吐血。
[0024] 薄荷:性味:味辛,性凉;归经:归肺,肝经;功能主治:散风热,清头目,利咽喉,透疹,解郁。主风热表证,头痛目赤,咽喉肿痛,麻疹不透,陷疹瘙痒,肝郁胁痛。
[0025] 远志:性味:辛、苦,微温;归经:归心、肺、肾经;功能主治:宁心安神,祛痰开窍,解毒消肿;主治心神不安,惊悸失眠,健忘,惊痫,咳嗽痰多,痈疽发背,乳房胀痛。
[0026] 甘草:性味:甘,平;归经:脾,胃,心,肺经;功能主治:和中缓急,润肺,解毒,调和诸药。炙用治脾胃虚弱,倦怠食少,腹痛便溏,四肢挛急疼痛,心悸,脏躁,肺痿咳嗽,生用治咽喉肿痛,痈疮肿痛,小儿胎毒,及药物、食物中毒。
[0027] 本发明的有益效果是:本发明的技术方案是根据耳鸣的发病机理,配有当归、白术、赤芍、大枣、石菖蒲、麦芽和麦门冬,具有补脾胃,益血气之功效,再配以玄参、熟地黄、紫河车、山茱萸、菟丝子、凤尾七、桑螵蛸、钩藤和竹叶兰,具有补肾填精,补气通络之功效,再辅以薄荷散风热,清头目;远志本宁心安神;甘草和中缓急,调和诸药;本发明采用的药材相辅相成,根据中医理论组方,按照一定的重量配比配制而成对治疗耳鸣具有显著的疗效,而且其安全可靠,制备方法简单,使用也方便。
[0028] 临床观察:
一、一般资料:本发明中药经过多年的应用,治疗患者118例,其中男性患者82例,年龄15-65岁,女性患者38例,年龄15-60岁。
[0029] 二、疗效评定标准:
(1)治愈:耳鸣症状全部消失。
[0030] (2)显效:耳鸣症状减轻。
[0031] (3)有效:耳鸣症状有所改善。
[0032] (4)无效:耳鸣症状无明显好转或加重。
[0033] 三、使用方法:服用本发明丸剂每日3次,每次2粒(每粒含0.5g配方有效成分),10天为一个疗程。
[0034] 四、治疗效果:本发明治疗118例,结果临床治愈25例,占21.2%,显效48例,占40.7%,有效40例,占33.9 %,无效5例,占4.2 %,总有效率95.8%0
[0035] 五、典型病例
病例1,王XX,女,17岁,患有耳鸣,起初耳中嗡嗡声、撕撕声并未在意,但时间长了耳鸣病情日益加剧,严重影响生活和休息,并导致听力下降,患者曾到过许多医院就诊,均未得到根治,后服用本发明中药一个疗程后即见效,连续服用三个疗程耳鸣得到根治,至今未复发。
[0036] 病例2,李XX,男,36岁,耳边时常有蝉鸣声、嗡嗡声、撕撕声、滋滋声等单调或混杂的响声,严重时伴有眩晕、头痛等症状,严重影响正常生活,曾采用按摩仪、康复仪等保健器材治疗,均未见效果。服用本发明中药,一个疗程后即见成效,能明显感觉耳鸣次数减少、程度减轻,又继续服用两个疗程,困扰多年的耳鸣得以根治。
[0037] 病例3,程XX,女,28岁,由产后引起的眩晕,并且耳鸣,有腰膝酸软、疲怠乏力、头昏目眩等症状。服用本发明中药一个疗程后,耳鸣症状明显减轻,又继续服用两个疗程后痊愈,没有出现复发的症状。
[0038](四)具体实施方式实施例1:
(1)去杂:当归2份,白术2份,赤芍6份,大枣6份,麦芽5份,熟地黄5份,紫河车2份,菟丝子2份,凤尾七2份,桑螵蛸2份,山茱萸2份,石菖蒲2份,玄参5份,麦门冬2份,钩藤5份,竹叶兰2份,薄荷2份,远志2份,甘草2份中的杂质除去,进行淘洗,去除泥土 ;
(2)粉碎、过筛:将上述去杂的药材烘干粉碎后过80目筛,混均匀;
(3)制剂:按照各种剂型的标准制剂工艺制备成胶囊剂。
[0039] 使用方法:服用本发明胶囊制剂每日3次,每次2粒(每粒含0.5g配方有效成分),10天为一个疗程。
[0040] 实施例2: (1)去杂:将当归10份,白术10份,赤芍12份,大枣12份,麦芽15份,熟地黄15份,紫河车8份,菟丝子8份,凤尾七10份,桑螵蛸10份,山茱萸10份,石菖蒲8份,玄参15份,麦门冬10份,钩藤15份,竹叶兰8份,薄荷8份,远志8份,甘草8份中的杂质除去,进行淘洗,去除泥土;
(2)粉碎、过筛:将上述去杂的药材烘干粉碎后过80目筛,混均匀;
(3)制剂:按照各种剂型的标准制剂工艺制备成胶囊剂。
[0041] 使用方法:服用本发明胶囊制剂每日3次,每次2粒(每粒含0.5g配方有效成分),10天为一个疗程。
[0042] 实施例3:
(1)去杂:将当归5份,白术5份,赤芍8份,大枣8份,麦芽8份,熟地黄8份,紫河车4份,菟丝子5份,凤尾七5份,桑螵蛸5份,山茱萸5份,石菖蒲4份,玄参8份,麦门冬5份,钩藤8份,竹叶兰6份,薄荷4份,远志5份,甘草5份中的杂质除去,进行淘洗,去除泥土 ;
(2)粉碎、过筛:将上述去杂的药材烘干粉碎后过80目筛,混均匀;
(3)制剂:按照各种剂型的标准制剂工艺制备成胶囊剂。
[0043] 使用方法:服用本发明胶囊制剂每日3次,每次2粒(每粒含0.5g配方有效成分),10天为一个疗程。
[0044] 实施例4:
(1)去杂:将当归7份,白术8份,赤芍10份,大枣10份,麦芽9份,熟地黄8份,紫河车5份,菟丝子4份,凤尾七7份,桑螵蛸7份,山茱萸6份,石菖蒲6份,玄参10份,麦门冬7份,钩藤10份,竹叶兰5份,薄荷4份,远志5份,甘草6份中的杂质除去,进行淘洗,去除泥土 ;
(2)粉碎、过筛:将上述去杂的药材烘干粉碎后过80目筛,混均匀;
(3)制剂:按照各种剂型的标准制剂工艺制备成胶囊剂。
[0045] 使用方法:服用本发明胶囊制剂每日3次,每次2粒(每粒含0.5g配方有效成分),10天为一个疗程。

Claims (3)

1.一种治疗耳鸣的中药,其特征在于:是由以下重量配比的原料制成:当归2-10份,白术2-10份,赤芍6-12份,大枣6-12份,麦芽5_15份,熟地黄5_15份,紫河车2_8份,菟丝子2-8份,凤尾七2-10份,桑螵蛸2-10份,山茱萸2-10份,石菖蒲2_8份,玄参5_15份,麦门冬2-10份,钩藤5-15份,竹叶兰2-8份,薄荷2-8份,远志2_8份,甘草2_8份。
2.根据权利要求1所述的治疗耳鸣的中药,其特征在于:是由以下重量配比的原料制成:当归5份,白术5份,赤芍8份,大枣8份,麦芽8份,熟地黄8份,紫河车4份,菟丝子5份,凤尾七5份,桑螵蛾5份,山茱萸5份,石菖蒲4份,玄参8份,麦门冬5份,钩藤8份,竹叶兰6份,薄荷4份,远志5份,甘草5份。
3.根据权利要求1所述的治疗耳鸣的中药的制备方法,其特征在于:包括以下步骤: (1)去杂:将上述配方原料中杂质除去,进行淘洗,去除泥土 ; (2)粉碎、过筛:将上述去杂的药材烘干粉碎后过80目筛,混均匀; (3)制剂:按照各种剂型的标准制剂工艺制备成丸剂。
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