CN104269022B - Wireless voice HuJiuQi - Google Patents

Wireless voice HuJiuQi Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104269022B
CN104269022B CN201410533419.3A CN201410533419A CN104269022B CN 104269022 B CN104269022 B CN 104269022B CN 201410533419 A CN201410533419 A CN 201410533419A CN 104269022 B CN104269022 B CN 104269022B
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end
connected
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resistor
capacitor
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CN201410533419.3A
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CN104269022A (en
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张敏
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郑州捷利工业设备有限公司
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Abstract

本发明提供无线语音呼救器,解决不易检查残余的隐性或者复燃的火源、更不能及时报警和将报警信号传输至后台指挥中心和后台指挥人员不能及时对现场消防员所处的环境状况进行了解、判断、指挥和对消防员及时进行救援问题;方案是,温度检测模块与中央处理单元联接,微动传感模块与中央处理单元联接,中央处理单元与报警模块联接,中央处理单元与定位指示模块联接,中央处理单元还与无线语音传输模块联接,电源单元分别与温度检测模块、报警模块、定位指示模块、微动传感模块、中央处理单元和无线语音传输模块联接;本发明提高消防员对环境高温预防的意识,后台指挥人员可以实时了解现场消防员所处环境的危险性和及时搜救消防员。 The present invention provides a wireless voice call for help, a solution of the residue is not easy to check the resurgence of the fire source or recessive, not timely warning and alarm signal is transmitted to the command center and back background commanders firefighters can not be timely on-site environmental conditions in which the to understand, is determined, and a command for firefighters timely rescue; embodiment, the temperature detection module coupled to the central processing unit, micro sensor module central processing unit coupled to the central processing unit is coupled to the alarm module, a central processing unit position indicating module is coupled, the central processing unit is also coupled with a wireless voice transmission module, the power supply unit are respectively the temperature detection module, alarm module, positioning instruction module, sensing module fretting, and a central processing unit coupled to the wireless voice transmission module; of the present invention to improve the firefighters on the environment of high temperature prevention awareness, background commanders real time to understand the risk environment in which the scene firefighters and timely search and rescue firefighters.

Description

无线语音呼救器 Wireless voice HuJiuQi

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及呼救器领域,特别是无线语音呼救器。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field for help, especially wireless voice HuJiuQi.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]消防员在高危场所进行救援抢救工作时,面对复杂的救援现场,消防员和后台指挥人员都不能很好地检测高危场所环境的温度,特别是消防员在进入高危场所之前或者在灭火之后,不易检查残余的隐性或者复燃的火源,更不能及时报警和将报警信号传输至后台指挥中心,即使现有的呼救器有温度报警功能,但也不能有效地组成报警网络系统,严重威胁消防员的人身安全,并且后台指挥人员不能实时对现场消防员所处的环境状况进行了解、判断、指挥和对消防员及时进行救援,导致消防员生命危险,甚至牺牲生命。 [0002] When firefighters rescue rescue work in high-risk places, faced with a complex rescue scene, firefighters and commanders are not well backstage detect the temperature of high-risk workplace environment, especially firefighters before entering the risk areas or in after extinguishing, hidden or difficult to check the residual fire reignition source, not timely warning and alarm signal is transmitted to the command center back, even if the conventional HuJiuQi temperature alarm, but the alarm can not effectively forming a network system a serious threat to the safety of firefighters and commanders can not back real-time firefighters on the scene to understand the environmental conditions in which the judge, command and timely rescue of firefighters, firemen cause life-threatening, and even their lives.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003]针对上述情况,为克服现有技术之缺陷,本发明之目的就是提供无线语音呼救器,将温度报警、无线语音传输和把报警信号传输至后台指挥中心有机结合的无线语音呼救器,有效解决了消防员在进入高危场所之前或者在灭火之后,不易检查残余的隐性或者复燃的火源、更不能及时报警和将报警信号传输至后台指挥中心和后台指挥人员不能及时对现场消防员所处的环境状况进行了解、判断、指挥和对消防员及时进行救援的问题。 [0003] For the above, to overcome the drawbacks of the prior art, an object of the present invention is to provide wireless voice HuJiuQi, the temperature alarm, wireless voice transmission and the alarm signal is transmitted to the command center background combine wireless voice HuJiuQi, effective solution before entering the firemen after the fire risk areas or, hidden or difficult to check the residual fire reignition source, not timely warning and alarm signal is transmitted to the command center and the background art can not timely back commanding site fire member state of the environment in which to understand, judge, issues of command and firefighters timely rescue.

[0004]其解决技术方案是,无线语音呼救器包括温度检测模块、微动传感模块、中央处理单元、报警模块、定位指示模块、无线语音传输模块和电源单元,所述温度检测模块与中央处理单元联接,微动传感模块与中央处理单元联接,中央处理单元与报警模块联接,中央处理单元与定位指示模块联接,中央处理单元还与无线语音传输模块联接,电源单元分别与温度检测模块、报警模块、定位指示模块、微动传感模块、中央处理单元和无线语音传输模块联接。 [0004] The technical solution is its solution, wireless voice HuJiuQi includes a temperature detection module, sensing module fretting, the central processing unit, the alarm module, positioning instruction module, wireless voice transmission module, and a power supply unit, a temperature detection module and the central the processing unit is coupled, the sensor jog coupled with the central processing unit, a central processing unit coupled to the alarm module, the central processing unit is coupled with the positioning instruction module, the central processing unit is also coupled with a wireless voice transmission module, the power supply unit and the temperature detection module are respectively , the alarm module, positioning instruction module, sensing module fretting, a central processing unit and the wireless voice transmission module is coupled.

[0005]本发明新颖独特,将温度报警、无线语音传输和把报警信号传输至后台指挥中心有机结合的无线语音呼救器,具有温度报警、定位功能、自动报警和手动报警的功能,不仅提高消防员对环境高温预防的意识,而且后台指挥人员可以实时了解现场消防员所处环境的危险性和及时搜救消防员。 [0005] The present invention is novel and unique, the temperature alarm, wireless voice transmission and the alarm signal is transmitted to the background command center combine wireless voice HuJiuQi having a temperature alarm, positioning, automatic alarm and manual alarm functions, not only improve the fire members of the high-temperature environment prevention awareness and understanding of the background commanders real-time on-site firefighters risk their environment and timely search and rescue firefighters.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0006]图1为本发明的系统原理框图。 [0006] FIG 1 is the system block diagram of the present invention.

[0007]图2为本发明的温度检测模块、微动传感模块、中央处理单元、报警模块、定位指示模块、无线语音传输模块和电源单元的连接电路图。 [0007] Temperature detection module of the present invention in FIG. 2, a circuit diagram of the sensor connection jog, a central processing unit, the alarm module, positioning instruction module, wireless voice transmission module and the power supply unit.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0008]以下结合附图对本发明的具体实施方式做进一步详细说明。 [0008] The following detailed description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of the further embodiment of the present invention.

[0009]由图1至2给出,本发明的无线语音呼救器包括温度检测模块、微动传感模块、中央处理单元、报警模块、定位指示模块、无线语音传输模块和电源单元,所述温度检测模块与中央处理单元联接,微动传感模块与中央处理单元联接,中央处理单元与报警模块联接,中央处理单元与定位指示模块联接,中央处理单元还与无线语音传输模块联接,电源单元给温度检测模块、报警模块、定位指示模块、微动传感模块、中央处理单元和无线语音传输模块供电。 [0009] given in Fig. 1-2, wireless voice HuJiuQi present invention includes a temperature detection module, sensing module fretting, the central processing unit, the alarm module, positioning instruction module, wireless voice transmission module, and a power supply unit, the temperature detection module coupled to the central processing unit, micro sensor module central processing unit coupled to the central processing unit is coupled to the alarm module, the central processing unit is coupled with the positioning instruction module, the central processing unit is also coupled with a wireless voice transmission module, the power supply unit a temperature detection module, alarm module, positioning instruction module, sensing module fretting, a central processing unit and the wireless voice transmission module power supply.

[0010] 所述无线语音呼救器包括温度传感器Rtl、单片机U2、蜂鸣器U3、芯片U4、水银开关P1、水银开关P2、RF对讲U5和三端稳压集成电路Ul,所述的电源单元中的三端稳压集成电路Ul的输入端3引脚连接电解电容Cl的正极,电解电容Cl的负极接地GND,三端稳压集成电路Ul的输入端3弓I脚还连接电容C3的一端,电容C3的另一端接地GND,三端稳压集成电路UI的输入端3弓I脚出线端为VBAT,三端稳压集成电路Ul的输出端2引脚连接电解电容C2的正极,电解电容C2的负极接地GND,三端稳压集成电路Ul的输出端2引脚还连接电容C4的一端,电容C4的另一端接地GND,三端稳压集成电路Ul的输出端2引脚接电源VCC;温度检测模块中的温度传感器Rtl的一端连接有电阻R3,电阻R3的另一端接电源VCC,温度传感器Rtl的一端还连接有电容C7的一端,电容C7的另一端接地GND,温度传感器Rt I的一端出线端为 [0010] The wireless voice HuJiuQi includes a temperature sensor Rtl, the microcontroller U2, buzzer U3, the chip U4, mercury switches P1, mercury switches P2, RF U5 intercom and three-terminal regulator IC Ul, said power three-terminal regulator IC Ul input unit connected to the positive terminal of the electrolytic capacitor Cl 3-pin, a negative input of the electrolytic capacitor Cl grounding the GND, three-terminal regulator IC Ul I bow end 3 of capacitor C3 is also connected to pin end, the other end of the capacitor C3, the GND, the input terminal of the three-terminal regulator IC UI I bow 3 feet outlet end of the VBAT, the output of three terminal regulator IC Ul is connected to the positive terminal of the electrolytic capacitor C2 pin 2, electrolytic the GND negative ground capacitor C2, the output of the three-terminal regulator IC Ul is also connected to one end of the pin terminal 2 of the capacitor C4, the other end of the capacitor C4, the GND, the output of the three-terminal regulator IC Ul pin is connected to power supply terminal 2 the VCC; Rtl end of the temperature sensor detecting a temperature of the module is connected to the resistor R3, the other end of the resistor R3 is the VCC power supply, one end of the temperature sensor Rtl is further connected with one end of the capacitor C7, the other end of the capacitor C7 the GND, a temperature sensor Rt I end to the outlet end PD6,温度传感器Rt I的另一端接地GND ;电源单元中出线端VBAT连接有电阻Rl的一端,电阻Rl的另一端连接电容C5的一端,电容C5的另一端接地GND,电阻Rl的另一端还连接有电阻R2的一端,电阻R2的另一端接电源VCC,电阻Rl的另一端出线端为TO5;微动传感模块中水银开关PI的一端连接有电阻R8,电阻R8的另一端接电源VCC,水银开关Pl的一端出线端为Η)2,水银开关PI的一端还连接有电容Cl 3的一端,电容Cl 3的另一端接地GND,水银开关PI的另一端接地GND,水银开关P2的一端连接有电阻R9,电阻R9的另一端接电源VCC,水银开关P2的一端还连接有电容C14,电容Cl4的另一端接地GND,水银开关P2的另一端接地GND;定位指示模块中的发光二极管Dl的正极连接电源单元的出线端VBAT,发光二极管Dl的负极连接发光二极管D2的正极,发光二极管D2的负极连接发光二极管D3的正极,发光二极管D3 PD6, the temperature sensor Rt I the other end of the GND; power supply unit outlet end VBAT is connected to one end of the one end, the other end of the resistor Rl resistor Rl is connected to the capacitor C5 and the other end to the GND, the other end of the capacitor C5 resistor Rl is also One end of the resistor R2 is connected, the other end of the resistor R2 power source VCC, the other end of the resistor Rl is TO5 outlet end; an end of the sensor module jog PI mercury switch is connected to resistor R8, the other end of the resistor R8 power supply VCC one end of a mercury switch Pl is the outlet end of Η) 2, one end of a mercury switch PI is also connected to one end of the capacitor Cl end 3, a capacitor Cl other end 3 of the GND, a mercury switch of PI other end of the GND, a mercury switch and P2 resistor R9 is connected, the other end of the resistor R9 power supply VCC, a mercury switch end P2 is also connected to a capacitor C14, the other end of the other end of the GND Cl4 capacitor, a mercury switch of the GND P2; Dl position indicating light emitting diode module power supply unit connected to the outlet end of the VBAT positive electrode, a negative electrode connected to the positive electrode of the light emitting diode D2 of the light emitting diode Dl, the light emitting diode D3 connected to the negative electrode of the positive electrode of the light emitting diode D2, a light emitting diode D3 负极连接发光二极管D4的正极,发光二极管D4的负极连接有电阻Rl3,电阻Rl3的另一端连接NPN三极管Q7的集电极,NPN三极管Q7的发射极接地GND,NPN三极管Q7的基极连接有电阻R14,电阻R14的另一端为出线端PA3,NPN三极管Q7的基极连接有电阻R15,电阻R15的另一端接地GND;单片机U2的2引脚连接电阻Rl的另一端的出线端Η)5,单片机U2的3引脚连接温度传感器Rt I的一端出线端PD6,单片机U2的4引脚经电阻R7接电源VCC,单片机U2的4引脚还经电容C6接地GND,单片机U2的5引脚连接有电阻R21,电阻R21的另一端经电阻RlO接电源VCC,电阻R21的另一端接场效应管Ql的栅极,场效应管Ql的源极接电源电压VDD,场效应管Ql的漏极接地GND,单片机U2的6引脚连接有电阻R25,电阻R25的另一端经电阻R26接地GND,电阻R25的另一端连接NPN三极管Q8的基极,NPN三极管Q8的发射极基地GND,NPN三极管Q8的集电极连接 Positive and negative electrodes connected to the light emitting diode D4, the light emitting diode D4 is connected to the negative resistor Rl3, is connected to the other end of the resistor Rl3 collector of NPN transistor Q7, the emitter of NPN transistor Q7 is grounded the GND, the base of NPN transistor Q7 is connected to a resistor R14 , the other end of the resistor R14 to the outlet end PA3, NPN transistor Q7 is connected to a base resistor R15, a resistor R15 to the other end of the GND; microcontroller U2 pin 2 and the other end connected to the outlet end of the resistor Rl Η) 5, the microcontroller U2 is connected to pin 3 I of an end of the temperature sensor Rt PD6 outlet end, pin 4 connected to the power supply VCC via a resistor R7 to the microcontroller U2, the microcontroller U2 is still pin 4, pin 5 is connected to the ground GND via a capacitor C6 are microcontroller U2 resistor R21, the other end of the resistor R21 is connected to the power supply via a resistor RlO the VCC, the gate source resistor R21 the other end of the FET Ql, the FET Ql electrode connected to the VDD supply voltage, the drain of the FET Ql ground GND , 6 pole pin, the emitter of NPN transistor Q8 the base of the GND, NPN transistor Q8 is set microcontroller U2 is connected to resistor R25, the other end of the resistor R25 is grounded to the GND via the resistor R26, the other end of the resistor R25 is connected to the base of NPN transistor Q8 is electrode connection 有电阻R23,电阻R23的另一端接电阻R22的一端,电阻R22的另一端连接焊线板Jl的2引脚,焊线板Jl的2引脚还连接电容C24的一端,电阻C24的另一端接地GND,焊线板Jl的I引脚接地GND,电阻R23的另一端还连接有场效应管Q4的栅极,场效应管Q4的栅极连接电阻R22的另一端,场效应管Q4的漏极连接电容C2 3的一端,电容C23的另一端接地GND,场效应管Q4的漏极还连接电源单元中的出线端VBAT,单片机U2的7引脚经电容C8连接单片机U2的9引脚,单片机U2的7引脚还经电容C19连接单片机U2的8引脚,单片机U2的10引脚连接定位指示模块中出线端PA3,单片机U2的11引脚、12引脚和13引脚依次分别连接电阻1?19、1?18和1?20的一端,电阻R19、R18和R20的另一端依次分别连接芯片U4的3引脚、2引脚和I引脚,芯片U4的4引脚接地GND,芯片U4的8引脚经电容C9接地GND,芯片U4的7引脚经电容ClO接地GND,芯片U4的6引 Resistor R23, one end of the resistor R22 the other end of resistor R23, the other end of the resistor R22 is connected to pin 2 pin 2, wire bonding wires plate Jl Jl is also connected to one end of the panel capacitor C24, and C24 of the other end of the resistor ground GND, I the GND pin is grounded, the other end of resistor R23 is also connected wire bonding plate Jl gate field effect transistor Q4, the other end of the FET Q4 and resistor R22 connected to the gate of FET Q4 and the drain One end of the capacitor C2 3 is connected, the other end of the capacitor C23 of the GND, drain of the transistor Q4 is further connected to the power supply unit in the outlet end of the VBAT, the microcontroller U2 via capacitor C8 connected to pin 7 9-pin microcontroller U2. 7 pin microcontroller U2 is also connected to the microcontroller U2 via the capacitors C19, 8-pin, 10-pin microcontroller U2 is connected to the outlet end of the module position indicating PA3, 11 pins of the microcontroller U2, pin 12 and pin 13 are individually connected in 1? 19,1? 18 and 1? 20 at one end of a resistor R19, R18 and the other end of the resistor R20 are connected sequentially chip U4, pin 3, pin 2 and ground pin GND I pin 4, the chip U4 , 8-pin chip U4 is grounded through a capacitor C9 GND, 7 pin is grounded via a capacitor ClO the GND, the chip U4, U4 chip lead 6 脚悬空,芯片U4的5引脚连接有电阻Rl I,电阻Rl I的另一端经电阻R12接地GND,电阻Rl I的另一端接电容C25的一端,电容C25的另一端连接电容C20的一端,电容C20的另一端接地GND,电容C25的另一端还连接RF对讲U5的3引脚,RF对讲U5的I引脚接电源电压VDD,RF对讲U5的2弓I脚接地GND,RF对讲U5的4引脚悬空,RF对讲U5的5引脚连接焊线板J2的I引脚,焊线板J2的2引脚接地GND,单片机U2的14引脚连接按键开关K3的一端,按键开关K3的一端连接有电容Cl5,电容Cl5的另一端接地GND,按键开关K3的一端还连接电阻R4的一端,电阻R4的另一端接电源VCC,单片机U2的15引脚连接按键开关K2的一端,按键开关K2的一端连接电容Cl I的一端,电容Cl I的另一端接地GND,按键开关K2的一端还连接电阻R5的一端,电阻R5的另一端接电源VCC,单片机U2的17引脚连接按键开关KI的一端,按键开关Kl的一端连接电容C12 Floating pin, pin 5 of U4 is connected chip resistor Rl I, and the other end of the resistor Rl I grounding the GND via a resistor R12, the other end of the capacitor C25, one end of the resistor Rl I, and the other end of the capacitor C25 is connected to one end of the capacitor C20, the other end of the capacitor C20 GND, the other terminal of the capacitor C25 is also connected to pin 3 of U5 intercom RF, RF power supply pin is connected to the intercom I U5 of the VDD voltage, RF speaker 2 I bow ground pin of the GND U5, RF U5 is speaking floating pin 4, pin 5 one end of the intercom I RF pins, wire bonding wire board connector plate U5, J2 J2 of the pin 2 is grounded GND, 14-pin connector key switch K3 microcontroller U2. , key switch K3 is connected to one end of a capacitor Cl5, the other end of the capacitor Cl5 the GND, one end of the key switch K3 is also connected to one end of resistor R4, the other end of the resistor R4 power supply VCC, and pin 15 connected to the microcontroller U2 is the key switch K2 end end end end end of the push switch K2 is connected to the capacitor Cl I, the other end of the capacitor Cl I to the GND, the push switch K2 is also connected to resistor R5, the other end of the resistor R5 the VCC power, the microcontroller U2 primer 17 KI key switch pin having one end connected to one end of the key switch is connected to capacitor C12 Kl 的一端,电容C12的另一端接地GND,按键开关Kl的一端还连接电阻R6的一端,电阻R6的另一端接电源VCC,按键开关Kl、K2和K3的另一端都接地GND,单片机U2的16引脚连接有电阻R16,电阻Rl 6的另一端接电阻Rl 7的一端,电阻Rl 7的另一端接地GND,电阻Rl 6的另一端连接场效应管Q3的栅极,场效应管Q3的源极接地GND,场效应管Q3的漏极连接自耦升压器LI的2引脚,场效应管Q3的漏极还连接电容C16的一端,电容C16的一端还连接蜂鸣器U3的I引脚,自耦升压器LI的3引脚连接电容Cl 8的一端,电容C18的另一端接地GND,自耦升压器LI的3引脚还连接电源单元的出线端VBAT,自耦升压器LI的I引脚还连接蜂鸣器U3的2引脚,单片机U2的19引脚和20引脚分别连接微动传感模块的出线端TO2和PD3,单片机U2的I引脚悬空;无线语音呼救器中温度传感模块和微动传感模块连接中央处理单元,中央处理单元连 One end, the other end of capacitor C12 to the GND, one end of the key switch Kl is also connected to one end of the resistor R6, the other end of the resistor R6 is the VCC power supply, a key switch Kl, K2 and K3 are grounded other end of the GND, the microcontroller U2 is 16 pin is connected a resistor R16, the other end of the other end of the resistor Rl Rl end of the resistor 6, the resistors Rl 7 other end 7 of the GND, the resistor Rl 6 connected to the gate of the FET Q3, the source of the transistor Q3 grounded GND, 2-pin, the drain of FET Q3 is connected to the drain auto booster LI field effect transistor Q3 is also connected to one end of the capacitor C16, one end of the capacitor C16 is also connected to the I lead buzzer U3 feet, LI auto booster capacitor Cl is connected to one end of pin 3 to 8, the other end of the capacitor C18 to the ground GND, auto booster LI pin 3 is also connected to the outlet end of the VBAT power supply unit, auto-boost 2-pin 19-pin, 20-pin and the microcontroller U2 are connected to the micro sensor module LI line is also connected to the I buzzer pin U3 pin floating terminal TO2 and PD3 of I, the microcontroller U2; wireless temperature sensing module and the sensing module is attached jog speech HuJiuQi central processing unit, the central processing unit is connected 接报警模块、无线语音传输模块和定位指示模块,电源单元连接温度传感模块、微动传感模块、中央处理单元、报警模块、无线语音传输模块和定位指示模块。 Connect alarm module, wireless voice transmission module and a positioning instruction module, a power supply unit connected to the temperature sensing module, sensing module fretting, the central processing unit, the alarm module, wireless voice transmission module and a positioning instruction module.

[0011] 所述单片机U2的型号为ΙΤΜ8103,芯片U4的型号为SC040,场效应管Ql和Q4均为P沟道耗尽型场效应晶体管,场效应管Q3为N沟道耗尽型场效应晶体管。 [0011] The model of the microcontroller U2 ΙΤΜ8103, the chip U4 model SC040, MOSFET Ql and Q4 are P-channel depletion type field effect transistor, the field effect transistor Q3 is a depletion type N-channel field effect transistors.

[0012]具体实施时,无线语音呼救器中的按键开关Κ2按下后,无线语音呼救器处于工作状态,温度检测模块中的温度传感器对高危场所周围环境温度进行实时检测,检测的环境温度数据传输至中央处理单元,该温度数据与中央处理单元的单片机中的设定值进行比较,当该温度数据高于设定值时,无线语音呼救器自动报警,同时中央处理单元把温度数据发送至无线语音传输模块,无线语音传输模块经无线双频数字传输发送至后台接收装置;当消防员工作时,微动传感模块处于失灵状态,定位指示模块的发光二极管不工作,当消防员遇险倒下时,微动传感模块处于工作状态,定位指示模块的发光二极管会频闪,以便后台救援人员快速正确的找到遇险消防员并及时抢救;消防员遇险时还可以通过按键开关Kl报警,使报警信号直接经中央处理单元处理后发送至 [0012] During specific embodiment, in the wireless voice HuJiuQi Κ2 key switch is pressed, the wireless voice call for help is in operation, the temperature detected by the temperature sensor module of the risk areas for real-time detection ambient temperature, ambient temperature data detected transmission to the central processing unit, the temperature data with the central processing unit of the microcontroller set value is compared, when the temperature data is higher than the set value, HuJiuQi wireless voice alarm, the central processing unit while the data is sent to the temperature wireless voice transmission module, wireless voice transmission via a radio transmission module to the dual-band digital transmission means receiving the background; fireman work, jog the sensor is in a failure state, the position indicating light emitting diode module does not work, firemen distress when inverted next, jog the sensor is in operation, the position indicating LED will flash modules, in order to correct background fast rescue workers and firefighters found distress rescued; firefighters can have distress alert via the key switch Kl, so after the alarm signal is directly transmitted to the central processing unit 台接收装置,缩短后台救援人员搜救遇险消防员的时间,当后台救援人员找到遇险消防员时,后台救援人员按下按键开关Κ3,取消报警。 Station receiving means back to shorten the time rescue workers distress rescue firefighters, rescue workers found back when distress firefighters, rescue workers back Kappa3 press button switch, cancel the alarm.

[0013]本发明新颖独特,将温度报警、无线语音传输和把报警信号传输至后台指挥中心有机结合的无线语音呼救器,具有温度报警、定位功能、自动报警和手动报警的功能,不仅提高消防员对环境高温预防的意识,而且后台指挥人员可以实时了解现场消防员所处环境的危险性和及时搜救消防员。 [0013] The present invention is novel and unique, the temperature alarm, wireless voice transmission and the alarm signal is transmitted to the background command center combine wireless voice HuJiuQi having a temperature alarm, positioning, automatic alarm and manual alarm functions, not only improve the fire members of the high-temperature environment prevention awareness and understanding of the background commanders real-time on-site firefighters risk their environment and timely search and rescue firefighters.

Claims (2)

1.无线语音呼救器,包括温度检测模块、微动传感模块、中央处理单元、报警模块、定位指示模块、无线语音传输模块和电源单元,所述温度检测模块与中央处理单元联接,微动传感模块与中央处理单元联接,中央处理单元与报警模块联接,中央处理单元与定位指示模块联接,中央处理单元还与无线语音传输模块联接,电源单元与温度检测模块、报警模块、定位指示模块、微动传感模块、中央处理单元和无线语音传输模块联接,其特征在于,所述无线语音呼救器包括温度传感器Rtl、单片机U2、蜂鸣器U3、芯片U4、水银开关Pl、水银开关P2、RF对讲U5和三端稳压集成电路UI,所述的电源单元中的三端稳压集成电路UI的输入端3引脚连接电解电容Cl的正极,电解电容Cl的负极接地GND,三端稳压集成电路Ul的输入端3弓I脚还连接电容C3的一端,电容C3的另一端接地GND 1. HuJiuQi wireless voice, includes a temperature detection module, sensing module fretting, the central processing unit, the alarm module, positioning instruction module, wireless voice transmission module, and a power supply unit, a temperature detection module coupled to the central processing unit, jog the sensor is coupled with the central processing unit, a central processing unit coupled to the alarm module, the central processing unit is coupled with the positioning instruction module, the central processing unit is also coupled with a wireless voice transmission module, the power supply unit and the temperature detection module, alarm module, a positioning instruction module , micro sensor module, a central processing unit and the wireless voice transmission module is coupled, characterized in that said wireless voice HuJiuQi Rtl includes a temperature sensor, the microcontroller U2, U3 buzzer, chips U4, mercury switches Pl, P2 mercury switch , the RF intercom and three-terminal regulator IC U5 UI, an input terminal of the three-terminal regulator IC UI unit of the power supply pin 3 is connected to a positive electrode of electrolytic capacitors Cl, Cl electrolytic capacitor anode grounding the GND, three One end of an input terminal of the 3-terminal regulator IC Ul is also connected to pin I bow capacitor C3, the capacitor C3 is further connected to ground GND 三端稳压集成电路Ul的输入端3弓I脚出线端为VBAT,三端稳压集成电路Ul的输出端2引脚连接电解电容C2的正极,电解电容C2的负极接地GND,三端稳压集成电路Ul的输出端2引脚还连接电容C4的一端,电容C4的另一端接地GND,三端稳压集成电路Ul的输出端2引脚接电源VCC;温度检测模块中的温度传感器Rt I的一端连接有电阻R3,电阻R3的另一端接电源VCC,温度传感器Rt I的一端还连接有电容C7的一端,电容C7的另一端接地GND,温度传感器RtI的一端出线端为TO6,温度传感器Rt I的另一端接地GND;电源单元中出线端VBAT连接有电阻Rl的一端,电阻Rl的另一端连接电容C5的一端,电容C5的另一端接地GND,电阻Rl的另一端还连接有电阻R2的一端,电阻R2的另一端接电源VCC,电阻Rl的另一端出线端为PD5;微动传感模块中水银开关PI的一端连接有电阻R8,电阻R8的另一端接电源VCC,水银开关PI An input terminal of the three-terminal regulator IC Ul I bow 3 feet outlet end of the VBAT, the output of three terminal regulator IC Ul is connected to the positive terminal of the electrolytic capacitor C2 pin 2, negative ground GND electrolytic capacitor C2, stable three-terminal the output pressure of the integrated circuit Ul is also connected to one end of the pin terminal 2 of the capacitor C4, the other end of the capacitor C4, the GND, the output of the three-terminal regulator IC Ul pin terminal 2 connected to the VCC power supply; Rt temperature sensor detecting the temperature of the module I end of the resistor R3 is connected, the other end of the resistor R3 is the VCC power supply, a temperature sensor is further Rt I end connected to an end of the capacitor C7, the other end of the capacitor C7 the GND, one end of the outlet end of the temperature sensor is TO6 RtI, temperature sensor Rt I the other end of the GND; power supply unit outlet end VBAT is connected to one end of the one end, the other end of the resistor Rl resistor Rl is connected to the capacitor C5 and the other end to the GND, the other end of the resistor Rl of the capacitor C5 is also connected to a resistor R2 end and the other end of the resistor R2 of the power supply VCC, the other end of the resistor Rl to the outlet end PD5; jog the end of the sensor is connected to the mercury switch PI resistor R8, the other end of the resistor R8 power supply VCC, a mercury switch PI 一端出线端为Η)2,水银开关Pl的一端还连接有电容C13的一端,电容C13的另一端接地GND,水银开关Pl的另一端接地GND,水银开关P2的一端连接有电阻R9,电阻R9的另一端接电源VCC,水银开关P2的一端还连接有电容C14,电容C14的另一端接地GND,水银开关P2的另一端接地GND;定位指示模块中的发光二极管Dl的正极连接电源单元的出线端VBAT,发光二极管Dl的负极连接发光二极管D2的正极,发光二极管D2的负极连接发光二极管D3的正极,发光二极管D3的负极连接发光二极管D4的正极,发光二极管D4的负极连接有电阻Rl3,电阻Rl3的另一端连接NPN三极管Q7的集电极,NPN三极管Q7的发射极接地GND,NPN三极管Q7的基极连接有电阻Rl4,电阻Rl4的另一端为出线端PA3,NPN三极管Q7的基极连接有电阻R15,电阻R15的另一端接地GND;单片机U2的2引脚连接电阻Rl的另一端的出线端PD5,单片机U2的3 One end of the outlet end of Η) 2, one end of a mercury switch Pl is also connected to one end of a capacitor C13, the other end of the capacitor C13 and the GND, a mercury switch Pl of the other end of the GND, one end of a mercury switch P2 is connected with a resistor R9, resistor R9 the other end of the power supply VCC, a mercury switch end P2 is also connected to a capacitor C14, the other end of the other end of the capacitor C14 of GND, the GND of the mercury switch P2; line connected to the positive power supply unit in the position indicating light emitting diode Dl module end of the VBAT, positive negative positive connecting the light emitting diode D2 of the light emitting diode Dl, and the negative electrode of the positive electrode connecting the light emitting diode D3 and the light emitting diode D2, the light emitting diode D3 connected to the negative light emitting diode D4, a light emitting diode cathode connected D4, resistor Rl3, resistance Rl3 other end is connected to the collector of NPN transistor Q7, the emitter of NPN transistor Q7 is grounded the GND, NPN transistor Q7 is connected to the base resistor Rl4, the other end of the resistor Rl4 outlet end PA3 is, NPN transistor Q7 has a base connected resistor R15, a resistor R15 the other end of the GND ground; the other end of the outlet end of the pin PD5 2 connected to the resistor Rl of the microcontroller U2, the microcontroller U2 3 脚连接温度传感器Rtl的一端出线端TO6,单片机U2的4引脚经电阻R7接电源VCC,单片机U2的4引脚还经电容C6接地GND,单片机U2的5弓丨脚连接有电阻R21,电阻R21的另一端经电阻RlO接电源VCC,电阻R21的另一端接场效应管Ql的栅极,场效应管Ql的源极接电源电压VDD,场效应管Ql的漏极接地GND,单片机U2的6引脚连接有电阻R25,电阻R25的另一端经电阻R26接地GND,电阻R25的另一端连接NPN三极管Q8的基极,NPN三极管Q8的发射极基地GND,NPN三极管Q8的集电极连接有电阻R23,电阻R23的另一端接电阻R22的一端,电阻R22的另一端连接焊线板Jl的2引脚,焊线板Jl的2引脚还连接电容C24的一端,电阻C24的另一端接地GND,焊线板Jl的I引脚接地GND,电阻R23的另一端还连接有场效应管Q4的栅极,场效应管Q4的栅极连接电阻R22的另一端,场效应管Q4的漏极连接电容C23的一端,电容C23的另一端接地GND One end of the temperature sensor connected to the foot of the outlet end TO6 Rtl, pin 4 connected to the power supply VCC via a resistor R7 microcontroller U2 of the microcontroller U2 pin 4 is also grounded via a capacitor C6 the GND, the microcontroller U2 pin 5 is connected to the bow Shu resistor R21, resistor the other end of R21 is connected to the power supply via a resistor RlO the VCC, the gate of the other end of the resistor R21 of the FET Ql, the FET Ql source electrode connected to the VDD supply voltage, the drain of the FET Ql of the GND ground, the microcontroller U2 pin 6 is connected to a resistor R25, the other end of the resistor R25 through resistor R26 to ground GND, the other end of the resistor R25 is connected to the base of NPN transistor Q8, the emitter of NPN transistor Q8 the base GND, the collector of NPN transistor Q8 is connected to a resistor R23, one end of the resistor R22 the other end of resistor R23, the other end of the resistor R22 is connected to pin 2 of the bonding wire Jl plate, the bonding wires Jl plate capacitor C24 is also connected to pin 2 at one end, the other end of the resistor to ground GND C24 , the I the GND pin is grounded, the other end of resistor R23 is also connected wire bonding plate Jl gate field effect transistor Q4, the other end of the FET Q4 and resistor R22 connected to the gate of FET Q4 is connected to the drain another end of the capacitor C23 is grounded, the capacitor C23 GND 场效应管Q4的漏极还连接电源单元中的出线端VBAT,单片机U2的7引脚经电容C8连接单片机U2的9引脚,单片机U2的7引脚还经电容C19连接单片机U2的8引脚,单片机U2的10引脚连接定位指示模块中出线端PA3,单片机U2的11引脚、12引脚和13引脚依次分别连接电阻R19、R18和R20的一端,电阻R19、R18和R20的另一端依次分别连接芯片U4的3引脚、2引脚和I引脚,芯片U4的4引脚接地GND,芯片U4的8引脚经电容C9接地GND,芯片U4的7引脚经电容C1接地GND,芯片U4的6引脚悬空,芯片U4的5引脚连接有电阻Rl I,电阻Rl I的另一端经电阻Rl2接地GND,电阻Rl I的另一端接电容C25的一端,电容C25的另一端连接电容C20的一端,电容C20的另一端接地GND,电容C25的另一端还连接RF对讲U5的3引脚,RF对讲U5的I引脚接电源电压VDD,RF对讲U5的2引脚接地GND,RF对讲U5的4引脚悬空,RF对讲U5的5引脚连接焊线板J2的I引 Drain of the MOSFET Q4 is also connected to terminal VBAT line of the power supply unit, the microcontroller U2 via capacitor C8 connected to pin 7-pin 9 of the microcontroller U2, the microcontroller U2 via the lead pin 7 is also connected to the microcontroller U2 to capacitor C19 8 feet, the microcontroller U2 is connected to the pin 10 is positioned in the outlet end PA3 instruction module, the microcontroller U2 to pin 11, pin 12 and pin 13 are in turn connected to resistors R19, R18 and R20 at one end of a resistor R19, R18 and R20 is are individually connected in the other end of the chip U4, pin 3, pin 2, and I-pin, 4-pin chip U4 is ground GND, pin 8 via a capacitor C9 to ground GND, the chip U4, U4 chip capacitor C1 via the pin 7 grounding the GND, U4 chip floating pin 6, pin 5 Rl I is connected, the other end of the resistor of the resistor Rl I Rl2 grounding the GND via a resistor, the other end of the capacitor C25 one end of the resistor Rl I, chips U4, capacitor C25 another end connected to one end of the capacitor C20, the capacitor C20 to the other end of the GND, the other terminal of the capacitor C25 is also connected to pin 3 of U5 RF speaking, the I pin is connected to the VDD power supply voltage of the RF intercom U5, U5, RF intercom 2 a ground pin GND, RF speaker 4 U5 pin floating, RF speaker 5-pin connector J2 of the bonding wire plate U5 primer I ,焊线板J2的2引脚接地GND,单片机U2的14引脚连接按键开关K3的一端,按键开关K3的一端连接有电容C15,电容C15的另一端接地GND,按键开关K3的一端还连接电阻R4的一端,电阻R4的另一端接电源VCC,单片机U2的15引脚连接按键开关K2的一端,按键开关K2的一端连接电容Cll的一端,电容CU的另一端接地GND,按键开关K2的一端还连接电阻R5的一端,电阻R5的另一端接电源VCC,单片机U2的17引脚连接按键开关Kl的一端,按键开关Kl的一端连接电容C12的一端,电容C12的另一端接地GND,按键开关Kl的一端还连接电阻R6的一端,电阻R6的另一端接电源VCC,按键开关K1、K2和K3的另一端都接地GND,单片机U2的16引脚连接有电阻R16,电阻R16的另一端接电阻Rl7的一端,电阻Rl7的另一端接地GND,电阻Rl6的另一端连接场效应管Q3的栅极,场效应管Q3的源极接地GND,场效应管Q3的漏极连接自耦升 , Wire grounding plate J2 of the GND pin 2, pin end 14 connected to the microcontroller U2 button switch K3, and K3 key switch is connected to one end of a capacitor C15, the other end of the capacitor C15 of the GND terminal is grounded, is also connected to a key switch K3 One end of the resistor R4, the other end of the resistor R4 power supply VCC, and pin 15 connected to one end of the key switch K2 and the other end to one end of the push switch K2 is connected to one end of the capacitor Cll, the capacitance of the CU GND microcontroller U2, the push switch K2 One end of the resistor R5 is also connected to one ends and the other end of the resistor R5 VCC power supply, a key switch connected to one end of the pin 17 of the microcontroller U2, Kl, Kl is connected to one end of the key switch of the capacitor C12, capacitor C12 to the other end of the GND, button end of the switch Kl is also connected to one end of the resistor R6, the other end of the resistor R6 is the VCC power supply, a key switch K1, K2 and K3 are grounded other end of the GND, the microcontroller U2 is connected to a resistor R16 pin 16, the other end of the resistor R16 One end of resistor, the other end of resistor Rl7 the GND, the other end of resistor Rl6 Rl7 gate of the FET Q3 is connected, the source of the transistor Q3 is grounded and the GND, the drain of transistor Q3 is connected to the autotransformer liter 压器LI的2引脚,场效应管Q3的漏极还连接电容C16的一端,电容C16的一端还连接蜂鸣器U3的I引脚,自耦升压器LI的3引脚连接电容C18的一端,电容Cl8的另一端接地GND,自耦升压器LI的3引脚还连接电源单元的出线端VBAT,自耦升压器LI的I引脚还连接蜂鸣器U3的2引脚,单片机U2的19引脚和20引脚分别连接微动传感模块的出线端Η)2和TO3,单片机U2的I引脚悬空;无线语音呼救器中温度传感模块和微动传感模块连接中央处理单元,中央处理单元连接报警模块、无线语音传输模块和定位指示模块,电源单元连接温度传感模块、微动传感模块、中央处理单元、报警模块、无线语音传输模块和定位指示模块。 LI pressure pin 2, the drain of MOSFET Q3 is also connected to one end of the capacitor C16, one end of the capacitor C16 is also connected to the I buzzer U3 pin 3-pin connector auto booster capacitor C18 LI end, the other end of the capacitor Cl8 the GND, auto booster LI 3-pin outlet end further connected to VBAT power supply unit, the autotransformer I booster LI pin is also connected to pin 2 of U3 buzzer , the microcontroller U2 pin 19 and pin 20 are connected the jog outlet side of the sensor Η) 2 and TO3, the microcontroller U2 of the floating pin I; wireless voice HuJiuQi temperature sensing module and the sensor module jog connecting the central processing unit, a central processing unit connected to the alarm modules, wireless voice transmission module and a positioning instruction module, a power supply unit connected to the temperature sensing module, sensing module fretting, the central processing unit, the alarm module, wireless voice transmission module and a positioning instruction module .
2.根据权利要求1所述的无线语音呼救器,其特征在于,所述单片机U2的型号为ITM8103,芯片U4的型号为SC040,场效应管Ql和Q4均为P沟道耗尽型场效应晶体管,场效应管Q3为N沟道耗尽型场效应晶体管。 The wireless voice HuJiuQi according to claim 1, characterized in that the microcontroller U2 is model ITM8103, the chip U4 model SC040, MOSFET Ql and Q4 are P-channel depletion type field effect transistors, N-channel transistor Q3 is a depletion type field effect transistor.
CN201410533419.3A 2014-10-11 2014-10-11 Wireless voice HuJiuQi CN104269022B (en)

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CN102426448A (en) * 2011-12-07 2012-04-25 浙江科龙消防智能开发有限公司 Remote intelligent monitoring system of fire hydrant
CN103622203A (en) * 2012-10-31 2014-03-12 新疆中钜电子科技有限公司 Intelligent information collecting device on disaster site
CN204102286U (en) * 2014-10-11 2015-01-14 郑州捷利工业设备有限公司 Wireless voice HuJiuQi

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US8508367B2 (en) * 2009-09-21 2013-08-13 Checkpoint Systems, Inc. Configurable monitoring device

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CN102426448A (en) * 2011-12-07 2012-04-25 浙江科龙消防智能开发有限公司 Remote intelligent monitoring system of fire hydrant
CN103622203A (en) * 2012-10-31 2014-03-12 新疆中钜电子科技有限公司 Intelligent information collecting device on disaster site
CN204102286U (en) * 2014-10-11 2015-01-14 郑州捷利工业设备有限公司 Wireless voice HuJiuQi

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