CN104264820A - Half outside-enclosure two-row combined laid wall self-insulation system - Google Patents

Half outside-enclosure two-row combined laid wall self-insulation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104264820A
CN104264820A CN201410493354.4A CN201410493354A CN104264820A CN 104264820 A CN104264820 A CN 104264820A CN 201410493354 A CN201410493354 A CN 201410493354A CN 104264820 A CN104264820 A CN 104264820A
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CN
China
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heat insulation
insulation
self
block
composite heat
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CN201410493354.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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谢怀宇
谢向荣
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绿建科技集团新型建材高技术有限公司
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Priority to CN201410493354.4A priority Critical patent/CN104264820A/en
Publication of CN104264820A publication Critical patent/CN104264820A/en

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    • Y02A30/261
    • Y02B30/94

Abstract

The invention discloses a half outside-enclosure two-row combined laid wall self-insulation system. The half outside-enclosure two-row combined laid wall self-insulation system is characterized by comprising a first compound insulation block self-insulation wall 1, a second compound insulation block self-insulation wall 2, a skew brick self-insulation wall and a beam insulation component, as well as self-insulation walls surrounding a door and a window, and a wall top end skew brick self-insulation wall; all the components are organically combined with each other to form a complete wall self-insulation system; the wall self-insulation system has outstanding advantages of good energy saving effect, convenience for construction, fire resistance, cracking resistance, waterproofness, impermeability and the like; as a result, the critical defects such as poor fireproof performance, poor durability, poor rainwater seepage resistance and easy cracking of most existing insulation walls are overcome; the popularization and application of the half outside-enclosure two-row combined laid wall self-insulation system lead to excellent economic benefit and social benefit.

Description

Half outsourcing double group of block type wall self-insulation system

Technical field

The present invention relates to industry and civilian self-heat conserving building energy conservation body of wall, be specifically related to a kind of half outsourcing double group of block type wall self-insulation system.

Background technology

Wall self-insulation system refers to according to certain architectural construction, adopts energy-saving materials for wall and supporting dedicated mortar to make the physical performance indexs such as thermal characteristic of wall meet the construction wall thermal insulation system of respective standard.This technical system has that operation is simple, easy construction, security performance are good, be convenient to maintenance and renovation and can with building with features such as life-spans, apply this technical system and not only can reduce building energy conservation incremental cost, and raising Energy Conservation Project in Construction quality is of great practical significance.

At present, there is following outstanding problem in domestic and international wall thermal insulation technology and heat insulating material: first, there is fire savety difference.Secondly, because of the quality of material and the quality of construction, there is cracking, hollowing, the phenomenon that comes off all in various degree, its three, poor durability, application life is generally no more than Two decades years, its four, water absorption rate is high, the poor performance of anti-rain leakage.

The present invention adopts composite heat insulation block to build self heat insulation wall by laying bricks or stones, composite heat insulation block in the present invention is for housing with high performance concrete building-block, filling light thermal insulation material in its vestibule, through chemical reaction, the concrete block integrating building enclosure and heat insulation function be composited.Masonry panel is carried out with it, can overcome that current most of heat-preserving wall fireproof performance is poor, poor durability, the poor performance of anti-rain leakage, the critical defects such as body of wall is easy to crack, especially during light filling inorganic heat insulation material, then do not fire completely in the vestibule of concrete hollow block.

The document of some self heat insulation walls is had in Chinese patent literature, but lack the document of wall self-insulation system, these patent documents can be divided three classes, first kind situation comprises patent " self heat insulation wall of a kind of heat insulation building block and formation thereof " (application number 201310186123.4), patent " Z-shaped energy-saving building block Self-heat-preservation energy-saving wall process " (patent No. 200910072070.7), patent " a kind of high energy saving self heat insulation wall " (application number 201310529056.1), patent " a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective anti-seismic fire-protection self-heat-preservatiwall wall " (application number 201310483727.5) etc.

In patent " self heat insulation wall of a kind of heat insulation building block and formation thereof " (application number 201310186123.4), its technical scheme is: a kind of heat insulation building block, described building block comprises block body, described block body is made up of foam cement, described building block upper surface arranges horizontal groove, and described block interiors arranges vertical through holes; One or more of filling in described horizontal groove in concrete slurry, cement mortar, clay or insulation clay form stem stem, and in described vertical through holes, filling concrete slurry or cement mortar form stem stem, and described stem stem and described block body combine together.Self heat insulation wall is made up of described heat insulation building block.The heat insulation building block of this invention and self heat insulation wall have insulation, fireproof function, have weight-bearing function simultaneously.But this patent does not carry out the design of system to whole wall self-insulation system, these key positions of lintel on coupled columns, beam, shear wall, floor, door, window are not had to carry out INSULATION DESIGN, there is no the wall self-insulation structural system that formation one is complete, lack concrete structure and the process of wall self-insulation system.

In patent " Z-shaped energy-saving building block Self-heat-preservation energy-saving wall process " (patent No. 200910072070.7), its technical scheme is: same skin brick block is just built, horizontal, longitudinal lock-bit is realized with positioning boss 2, longitudinal register boss 3, naturally ensure that wall inclination thickness and surface of wall planeness are also formed perpendicular to the wide combined stationary air layer 12 of the 9-10mm on ground, realize the effect that seam heat bridge is vertically built in further blocking-up by laying bricks or stones.Between two skin bricks, level builds the wide thickness of filling in the wide groove 4 of 28-30mm in seam cavity by laying bricks or stones is 15mm broken-bridge heat preservation board 10, and in order to close rectangular groove still air layer 11, combined stationary air layer 12, and level of cutting off builds seam heat bridge by laying bricks or stones; Control cracking resistance masonry mortar 13 with its exposed height 10mm and be coated with paving thickness and uniformity.Z-shaped energy-saving building block 1 dislocation of building upper and lower skin brick during Self-heat-preservation energy-saving wall by laying bricks or stones is built by laying bricks or stones, is formed to cut off and vertically builds seam heat bridge by laying bricks or stones.The structure of this invention, can meet all kinds of area energy-conservation 50% and higher standard requirement under Rational Thickness and needs do not do the inside and outside insulation layer of body of wall.Build by laying bricks or stones simple simultaneously, formed with blocks shape and effectively ensure thickness of wall body and degree of plainness for wall surface.The still air layer thermal-insulation function that 10-12mm is wide and strengthen heat insulation effect.(28-30mm is wide for warming plate between two skin bricks, 15mm is thick) level can be cut off, vertically build the effect of seam heat bridge by laying bricks or stones, there are good crack resistance, weatherability, stability, and reasonable with life-span and cost performance with building body, greatly shorten the economic technology features such as walling work construction period.But this patent does not carry out the design of system to whole wall self-insulation system, these key positions of lintel on coupled columns, beam, shear wall, floor, door, window are not had to carry out INSULATION DESIGN, there is no the wall self-insulation structural system that formation one is complete, lack concrete structure and the process of wall self-insulation system.

In patent " a kind of high energy saving self heat insulation wall " (application number 201310529056.1), its technical scheme is: (1) self-heat conserving wall body block profile is T-shaped; (2) self-heat conserving right-angle wall corner block profile is in flower shape and scissor two kinds; (3) self-heat conserving T-shaped corner block profile is T heading tape bar shape and T tail band bar shape two kinds; (4) during masonry wall body, one piece in any adjacent two pieces of self-heat conserving wall bodies building block of left and right be made T-shapedly to put, another block is then put in inverted T-shaped; When building right-angle wall corner by laying bricks or stones, flower shape and this two kinds of self-heat conserving right-angle wall corners building block of scissor will alternately be put; When building T-shaped corner by laying bricks or stones, T heading tape bar shape and these two kinds of self-heat conserving T-shaped wall corner building blocks of T tail band bar shape will alternately be put.The good effect of this application is the energy saving significantly improving self heat insulation wall.But this patent does not carry out the design of system to whole wall self-insulation system, these key positions of lintel on coupled columns, beam, shear wall, floor, door, window are not had to carry out INSULATION DESIGN, there is no the wall self-insulation structural system that formation one is complete, lack concrete structure and the process of wall self-insulation system.

In patent " a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective anti-seismic fire-protection self-heat-preservatiwall wall " (application number 201310483727.5), its technical scheme is: this body of wall is that the building block of concavo-convex linear pattern wall body, the building block of concavo-convex perpendicular type right-angle wall corner, concave-convex type T-shaped wall corner building block and the inorganic heat preservation masonry mortar made with powder ash air-entrained concrete material is built by laying bricks or stones, and its principal character is: (1) all building blocks have plush copper and groove; (2) plush copper of all building blocks is all inserted within the groove of same skin adjacent block.The good effect of this application is the anti-seismic performance and the energy saving that significantly improve body of wall, and environmental-protection fireproof is functional.But this patent does not carry out the design of system to whole wall self-insulation system, these key positions of lintel on coupled columns, beam, shear wall, floor, door, window are not had to carry out INSULATION DESIGN, there is no the wall self-insulation structural system that formation one is complete, lack concrete structure and the process of wall self-insulation system.

Equations of The Second Kind situation comprises patent " a kind of permanent cast-in-place concrete composite heat preservation moulding board " (patent No. ZL201020137822.1), patent " a kind of permanent composite heat-insulating template for cast-in-place concrete with insulation transition zone " (patent No. ZL201020221014.3), patent " a kind of permanent external framework on-site concrete compound insulation wall structure " (patent No. ZL200920240787.3) etc.

In patent " a kind of permanent cast-in-place concrete composite heat preservation moulding board " (patent No. ZL201020137822.1), its technical scheme is: polyphenyl plate (1) arranged outside is reinforcing rib (2) in length and breadth, smear cement based slurry (3) respectively in the inside and outside both sides of polyphenyl plate (1), and paste reinforcing material (4).The advantage of this utility model is: high-strength compound heat insulation formwork have lightweight, intensity is high, high insulating effect, has certain fireproof performance.With its as the concrete heat-insulation wall that permanent exterior sheathing is cast-in-place, there is easy construction, reduce template consumption, construction costs is low, thermal property good, without security-hidden trouble, can realize insulation construction and building with advantages such as life-spans.But this patent also has following defect: first INSULATION DESIGN made by this patent coupled columns, beam, shear wall, whole wall self-insulation system is not carried out to the design of system.Such as, INSULATION DESIGN is not made at the positions such as the lintel on the body of wall between coupled columns and post, the body of wall between post and shear wall, body of wall between shear wall and shear wall, Yi Jimen, window, there is no the wall self-insulation structural system that formation one is complete, lack concrete structure and the process of wall self-insulation system.Secondly, such body of wall is using polyphenyl plate as organic insulation material, if circuit is on fire in body of wall, likely causes the organic insulation material burn incompletelys such as polyphenyl plate, and discharges dense smoke and poisonous, pernicious gas.The organic material such as polyphenyl plate is easily aging again, and drying shrinkage value is large, easily causes body of wall to occur hollowing, problems of crack.

In patent " a kind of permanent composite heat-insulating template for cast-in-place concrete with insulation transition zone " (patent No. ZL201020221014.3), its technical scheme is: arrange inner adhesion enhancement Layer (1) by polyphenyl plate (2) inner side, polyphenyl plate (2) outside tick slot arranges reinforcing rib (3), bonding enhancement Layer (4) is set outside reinforcing rib (3), outside bonding enhancement Layer (4), insulation transition zone (5) is set, outside insulation transition zone (5), outboard bonds enhancement Layer (6) is set; By the warming plate formed above, some goat's horn anchor bolts parts (7) are set.The feature of this utility model is: high-strength compound heat insulation formwork has that quality is light, intensity is high, high insulating effect, has certain fireproof performance.But this patent also has following defect: first INSULATION DESIGN made by this patent coupled columns, beam, shear wall, whole wall self-insulation system is not carried out to the design of system.Such as, INSULATION DESIGN is not made at the positions such as the lintel on the body of wall between coupled columns and post, the body of wall between post and shear wall, body of wall between shear wall and shear wall, Yi Jimen, window, there is no the wall self-insulation structural system that formation one is complete, lack concrete structure and the process of wall self-insulation system.Secondly, such body of wall is using polyphenyl plate as organic insulation material, if circuit is on fire in body of wall, likely causes the organic insulation material burn incompletelys such as polyphenyl plate, and discharges dense smoke and poisonous, pernicious gas.The organic material such as polyphenyl plate is easily aging again, and drying shrinkage value is large, easily causes body of wall to occur hollowing, problems of crack.

In patent " a kind of permanent external framework on-site concrete compound insulation wall structure " (patent No. ZL200920240787.3), its technical scheme is: the permanent exterior sheathing being made in-situ concrete wall and beam, post by high-strength compound warming plate (5), and high-strength compound warming plate (5) and cast-in-situ concrete (7) is linked together securely by connection fixture (6).The advantage of this utility model is: high-strength compound warming plate have lightweight, intensity is high, high insulating effect, has certain fireproof performance.As the concrete heat-insulation wall structure that permanent exterior sheathing is cast-in-place with it there is easy construction, reduce the advantages such as template consumption.But this patent also has following defect: first INSULATION DESIGN made by this patent coupled columns, beam, shear wall, whole wall self-insulation system is not carried out to the design of system.Such as, INSULATION DESIGN is not made at the positions such as the lintel on the body of wall between coupled columns and post, the body of wall between post and shear wall, body of wall between shear wall and shear wall, Yi Jimen, window, there is no the wall self-insulation structural system that formation one is complete, lack concrete structure and the process of wall self-insulation system.Secondly, when such body of wall makes warming plate with organic materials such as polyphenyl plate, if circuit is on fire in body of wall, likely cause the organic insulation material burn incompletelys such as polyphenyl plate, and discharge dense smoke and poisonous, pernicious gas.The organic material such as polyphenyl plate is easily aging again, and drying shrinkage value is large, easily causes body of wall to occur hollowing, problems of crack.

3rd class situation is patent " Self-heat-insulation " (patent No. 200920035939.6), its technical scheme is, the hot and cold abutment bluk recombination of concrete of masonry and concrete composite insulation boards heat-insulation and heat-preservation that this body of wall comprises heat-insulation and heat-preservation is formed; The concrete hot and cold abutment body of concrete composite insulation boards heat-insulation and heat-preservation comprises the hot and cold abutment body of concrete, and the hot and cold abutment of concrete is external is compounded with concrete composite insulation boards; The sandwich thermal insulated masonry of masonry right and wrong of heat-insulation and heat-preservation and the complex of sandwich thermal insulated masonry, wherein non-sandwich thermal insulated masonry is the masonry of insulating brick header, sandwich thermal insulated masonry is the masonry of brick facing bond, and sandwich thermal insulated masonry is divided into left and right two leaves, is filled with warming plate between the leaf of left and right two.This utility model is rational in infrastructure, good working effect.But this patent does not carry out the design of system to whole wall self-insulation system, these key positions of lintel on coupled columns, beam, shear wall, floor, door, window are not had to carry out INSULATION DESIGN, there is no the wall self-insulation structural system that formation one is complete, lack concrete structure and the process of wall self-insulation system.

Technical problem to be solved by this invention is: overcome that current most of heat-preserving wall fireproof performance is poor, poor durability, the poor performance of anti-rain leakage, the critical defects such as body of wall is easy to crack, these key positions of lintel simultaneously on coupled columns, beam, shear wall, floor, door, window carry out INSULATION DESIGN, they build a complete wall self-insulation system respectively together with the self heat insulation wall between post with post, the self heat insulation wall between post with shear wall, the self heat insulation wall between shear wall with shear wall, improve Energy Conservation Project in Construction quality.

Summary of the invention

1, a kind of half outsourcing double group of block type wall self-insulation system, it is characterized in that, this half outsourcing double group of block type wall self-insulation system comprises the first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1, second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 2, skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation, heat-preserving wall around door, window, body of wall top skew brick self heat insulation wall; Specifically be constructed as follows:

The structure of (one) first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1: with composite heat insulation block 3, build the first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1 by laying bricks or stones, end face joint pin 4 or shear wall 5, first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1 two ends at the first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1 two ends are bonding with the contact surface masonry mortar of post 4 or shear wall 5;

The structure of (two) second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation walls 2: the second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 2 is close to post 4 or shear wall 5 lateral surface, air layer 7 is had between first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1 and the second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 2, steel tie 13 is had between first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1 and the second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 2, one deck building block in second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 2 is built by laying bricks or stones by C type composite heat insulation block 12, the height of C type composite heat insulation block 12 is lower than the height of composite heat insulation block 3, the remainder of the second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 2 then adopts composite heat insulation block 3 to build by laying bricks or stones, the concrete block masonry mortar joint of the first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1 is made not face the concrete block masonry mortar joint of the second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 2,

(3) structure of skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation: the hole between the first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1 and beam 8 accompanies brick tiltedly to build, form the first skew brick body of wall 9, then do insulation layer at the lateral surface of the first skew brick body of wall 9 and beam 8 or medial surface;

(4) structure of heat-preserving wall around door, window: the contact portion around air layer 7 and door, window does insulation layer, air layer 7 is closed, do insulation layer at the lateral surface of the lintel lateral surface on door top and the lintel 21 on window top, lintel 21 is built composite heat insulation block 3 by laying bricks or stones;

(5) structure of body of wall top skew brick self heat insulation wall: the hole between the second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 2 top end face and floor is all used and accompanied brick tiltedly to build, or by filled with mortar, form the second skew brick body of wall 10, form a groove between the lateral surface of the second skew brick body of wall 10 and floor and the end face of upper and lower body of wall, do insulation layer 20 at groove.

2, described post 4 is frame column in frame construction or constructional column, or frame column in frame-shear-wall structure or constructional column, or the hetermorphiscal column in Framed Structure with Special-Shaped Columns, or the constructional column in brick mix structure.

3, described beam 8 is Vierendeel girder, or collar tie beam, or secondary beam.

4, described composite heat insulation block is with high performance concrete building-block for housing, filling light thermal insulation material in its vestibule, through chemical reaction, and the concrete block integrating building enclosure and heat insulation function be composited.Comprise single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 14, double-cavity compound heat insulation building block, protect double-cavity compound heat insulation building block, single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block 18, two-chamber day font composite heat insulation block etc.

5, the shape of described C type composite heat insulation block 12 is identical with other composite heat insulation block of body of wall with structure, and the height of C type composite heat insulation block 12 is below or above the height of other composite heat insulation block of body of wall.

6, described companion's brick is solid brick, comprises solid clay brick, solid shale brick, solid colliery wastes brick, solid fly ash brick, solid sand lime brick, solid gypsum brick and solid cinder brick etc.

Its technique effect is: construct a complete wall self-insulation system, this wall self-insulation system has good energy-conserving effect, easy construction, fire prevention, cracking resistance, the outstanding advantages such as water proof anti-seepage.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is composite heat insulation block and post integrated structure schematic diagram

Fig. 2 is composite heat insulation block and shear wall integrated structure schematic diagram

Fig. 3 is half outsourcing double group of block type wall self-insulation architecture stereogram

Fig. 4 is single chamber H core composite heat insulation block

Fig. 5 is double-cavity compound heat insulation building block

Fig. 6 is guarantor's double-cavity compound heat insulation building block

Fig. 7 is single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block

Fig. 8 is two-chamber day font composite heat insulation block

Fig. 9 is the half outsourcing double group of block type wall self-insulation architecture stereogram in embodiment

In figure, 1, first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall, 2, second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall, 3, composite heat insulation block, 4, post, 5, shear wall, 7, air layer, 8, beam, 9, first skew brick body of wall, 10, second skew brick body of wall, 11, warming plate, 12, C type composite heat insulation block, 13, steel tie, 14, single chamber H core composite heat insulation block, 15, single chamber H core composite heat insulation block concrete shell, 16, heat insulating material, 17, groove, 18, single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block, 19, single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block concrete shell, 20, insulation layer, 21, lintel.

Detailed description of the invention

Scope of the present invention is not limited to this, and its claimed scope is recorded in each claim of claim.

As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows, a kind of half outsourcing double group of block type wall self-insulation system, it is characterized in that, this half outsourcing double group of block type wall self-insulation system comprises the first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1, second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 2, skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation, heat-preserving wall around door, window, body of wall top skew brick self heat insulation wall; Specific practice and being constructed as follows:

The way of (one) first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1 and structure: with composite heat insulation block 3, build the first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1 by laying bricks or stones, end face joint pin 4 or shear wall 5, first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1 two ends at the first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1 two ends are bonding with the contact surface masonry mortar of post 4 or shear wall 5;

The way of (two) second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation walls 2 and structure: the second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 2 is close to post 4 or shear wall 5 lateral surface, air layer 7 is had between first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1 and the second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 2, steel tie 13 is had between first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1 and the second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 2, one deck building block in second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 2 is built by laying bricks or stones by C type composite heat insulation block 12, the height of C type composite heat insulation block 12 is lower than the height of composite heat insulation block 3, the remainder of the second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 2 then adopts composite heat insulation block 3 to build by laying bricks or stones, the concrete block masonry mortar joint of the first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1 is made not face the concrete block masonry mortar joint of the second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 2, to reduce the thermal loss that blockhouse causes because of horizontal building mortar layer generation convection current, strengthen wall thermal insulating effect of heat insulation,

(3) way of skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation and structure: the hole between the first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1 and beam 8 accompanies brick tiltedly to build, form the first skew brick body of wall 9, then do insulation layer at the lateral surface of the first skew brick body of wall 9 and beam 8 or medial surface;

(4) way of heat-preserving wall and structure around door, window: the contact portion around air layer 7 and door, window does insulation layer, air layer 7 is closed, do insulation layer at the lateral surface of the lintel lateral surface on door top and the lintel 21 on window top, lintel 21 is built composite heat insulation block 3 by laying bricks or stones;

(5) way of body of wall top skew brick self heat insulation wall and structure: the hole between the second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 2 top end face and floor is all used and accompanied brick tiltedly to build, or by filled with mortar, form the second skew brick body of wall 10, form a groove between the lateral surface of the second skew brick body of wall 10 and floor and the end face of upper and lower body of wall, do insulation layer 20 at groove.

In the present invention, composite heat insulation block is single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 14, or double-cavity compound heat insulation building block, or one protects double-cavity compound heat insulation building block, or single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block 18, or two-chamber day font composite heat insulation block etc.As shown in Figure 4, single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 14 is made up of single chamber H core composite heat insulation block concrete shell 15 and the heat insulating material 16 be filled in concrete shell cavity, and there is the groove 17 extending cold-heat bridge length the middle of concrete shell two ends end face.As shown in Figure 5, double-cavity compound heat insulation building block is made up of double-cavity compound heat insulation building block concrete shell and the heat insulating material be filled in concrete shell cavity, and there is the groove extending cold-heat bridge length the middle of concrete shell two ends end face.As shown in Figure 6, one protect double-cavity compound heat insulation building block by one protecting double-cavity compound heat insulation building block concrete shell, be filled in concrete shell and form compared with the heat insulating material in vast sky chamber and other two less cavitys, there is the groove extending cold-heat bridge length the middle of concrete shell two ends end face.As shown in Figure 7, single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block 18 is made up of single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block concrete shell 19 and the heat insulating material 16 be filled in concrete shell cavity.As shown in Figure 8, two-chamber day font composite heat insulation block by two-chamber day font composite heat insulation block concrete shell and the heat insulating material be filled in concrete shell cavity form.

Embodiment

As shown in Figure 9, a kind of half outsourcing double group of block type wall self-insulation system, it is characterized in that, this half outsourcing double group of block type wall self-insulation system comprises the first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1, second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 2, skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation, heat-preserving wall around door, window, body of wall top skew brick self heat insulation wall;

In the present embodiment, composite heat insulation block adopts single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block 18, the shape of C type composite heat insulation block 12 is identical with single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block 18 with structure, the height of C type composite heat insulation block 12 lower than the height of single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block 18, specific practice and being constructed as follows:

The way of (one) first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1 and structure: with single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block 18, build the first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1 by laying bricks or stones, end face joint pin 4 or shear wall 5, first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1 two ends at the first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1 two ends are bonding with the contact surface masonry mortar of post 4 or shear wall 5;

The way of (two) second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation walls 2 and structure: the second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 2 is close to post 4 or shear wall 5 lateral surface, air layer 7 is had between first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1 and Type B composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 2, steel tie 13 is had between first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1 and the second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 2, one deck building block in second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 2 is built by laying bricks or stones by C type composite heat insulation block 12, the remainder of the second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 2 then adopts single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block 18 to build by laying bricks or stones, the concrete block masonry mortar joint of the first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1 is made not face the concrete block masonry mortar joint of the second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 2, to reduce the thermal loss that blockhouse causes because of horizontal building mortar layer generation convection current, strengthen wall thermal insulating effect of heat insulation,

(3) way of skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation and structure: the hole between the first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 1 and beam 8 accompanies brick tiltedly to build, form the first skew brick body of wall 9, then fix warming plate 11 at the lateral surface of the first skew brick body of wall 9 and beam 8;

(4) way of heat-preserving wall and structure around door, window: the contact portion around air layer 7 and door, window does insulation layer, air layer 7 is closed, do insulation layer at the lateral surface of the lintel lateral surface on door top and the lintel 21 on window top, lintel 21 is built single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block 18 by laying bricks or stones;

(5) way of body of wall top skew brick self heat insulation wall and structure: the hole between the second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall 2 top end face and floor is all used and accompanied brick tiltedly to build; or by filled with mortar; form the second skew brick body of wall 10; a groove is formed between the lateral surface of the second skew brick body of wall 10 and floor and the end face of upper and lower body of wall; fix warming plate 11 at groove, or separately do insulation layer with kervit microbead insulated sand slurry.

Composite heat insulation block in the present embodiment is with high performance concrete building-block for housing, light filling inorganic heat insulation material in its vestibule, through chemical reaction, and the concrete block integrating building enclosure and heat insulation function be composited.Wherein, light inorganic heat preserving material is ordinary Portland cement thermal insulation foaming body, or ordinary Portland cement and coal ash heat-preservation foaming body, or ardealite thermal insulation foaming body etc.

Claims (3)

1. one and half outsourcings double group of block type wall self-insulation system, it is characterized in that, this half outsourcing double group of block type wall self-insulation system comprises the first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall (1), second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall (2), skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation, heat-preserving wall around door, window, body of wall top skew brick self heat insulation wall; Specifically be constructed as follows:
The structure of (one) first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall (1): with composite heat insulation block (3), build the first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall (1) by laying bricks or stones, the end face joint pin (4) at the first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall (1) two ends or shear wall (5), the first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall (1) two ends are bonding with the contact surface masonry mortar of post (4) or shear wall (5);
The structure of (two) second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation walls (2): the second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall (2) is close to post (4) or shear wall (5) lateral surface, air layer (7) is had between first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall (1) and the second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall (2), steel tie (13) is had between first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall (1) and the second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall (2), one deck building block in second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall (2) is built by laying bricks or stones by C type composite heat insulation block (12), the height of C type composite heat insulation block 12 is lower than the height of composite heat insulation block 3, the remainder of the second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall (2) then adopts composite heat insulation block (3) to build by laying bricks or stones, the concrete block masonry mortar joint of the first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall (1) is made not face the concrete block masonry mortar joint of the second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall (2),
(3) structure of skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation: the hole between the first composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall (1) and beam (8) accompanies brick tiltedly to build, form the first skew brick body of wall (9), then do insulation layer at the lateral surface of the first skew brick body of wall (9) and beam (8) or medial surface;
(4) structure of heat-preserving wall around door, window: the contact portion around air layer (7) and door, window does insulation layer, air layer (7) is closed, the lateral surface of the lintel (21) on the lintel lateral surface on door top and window top does insulation layer, lintel (21) is built composite heat insulation block (3) by laying bricks or stones;
(5) structure of body of wall top skew brick self heat insulation wall: the hole between the second composite heat insulation block self heat insulation wall (2) top end face and floor is all used and accompanied brick tiltedly to build, or by filled with mortar, form the second skew brick body of wall (10), form a groove between the lateral surface of the second skew brick body of wall (10) and floor and the end face of upper and lower body of wall, do insulation layer (20) at groove.
2. half outsourcing according to claim 1 double group of block type wall self-insulation system, it is characterized in that, described post (4) is the frame column in frame construction or constructional column, or frame column in frame-shear-wall structure or constructional column, or the hetermorphiscal column in Framed Structure with Special-Shaped Columns, or the constructional column in brick mix structure.
3. half outsourcing according to claim 1 double group of block type wall self-insulation system, it is characterized in that, described beam (8) is Vierendeel girder, or collar tie beam, or secondary beam.
CN201410493354.4A 2014-09-02 2014-09-02 Half outside-enclosure two-row combined laid wall self-insulation system CN104264820A (en)

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