CN104264239A - Novel electrostatic spinning machine injection system - Google Patents

Novel electrostatic spinning machine injection system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104264239A
CN104264239A CN201410498302.6A CN201410498302A CN104264239A CN 104264239 A CN104264239 A CN 104264239A CN 201410498302 A CN201410498302 A CN 201410498302A CN 104264239 A CN104264239 A CN 104264239A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
adjusting
plate
adjustment
track
bracket
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Granted
Application number
CN201410498302.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104264239B (en
Inventor
仇久安
魏娜
赵有俊
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Tianjin Vocational Institute
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Tianjin Vocational Institute
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Priority to CN201410498302.6A priority Critical patent/CN104264239B/en
Publication of CN104264239A publication Critical patent/CN104264239A/en
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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01DMECHANICAL METHODS OR APPARATUS IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES OR RIBBONS
    • D01D5/00Formation of filaments, threads, or the like
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01DMECHANICAL METHODS OR APPARATUS IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES OR RIBBONS
    • D01D13/00Complete machines for producing artificial threads
    • D01D13/02Elements of machines in combination
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01DMECHANICAL METHODS OR APPARATUS IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES OR RIBBONS
    • D01D5/00Formation of filaments, threads, or the like
    • D01D5/0007Electro-spinning
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01DMECHANICAL METHODS OR APPARATUS IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES OR RIBBONS
    • D01D5/00Formation of filaments, threads, or the like
    • D01D5/0007Electro-spinning
    • D01D5/0061Electro-spinning characterised by the electro-spinning apparatus

Abstract

The invention relates to a novel electrostatic spinning machine injection system. The novel electrostatic spinning machine injection system comprises an injection barrel and is characterized in that the injection system further comprises a space angle adjusting mechanism and a horizontal direction adjusting mechanism, wherein the space angle adjusting mechanism consists of an installation frame, an adjusting support frame, an adjusting stand frame and an angle adjusting hand wheel, and the horizontal direction adjusting mechanism is installed on a base plate of the adjusting support frame and consists of a frontward and backward movement track, a first-stage installation plate, a leftward and rightward movement track, a second-stage installation plate, an injection unit and a drive unit. The novel electrostatic spinning machine injection system is scientific and reasonable in structural design, adjustable in injection position and angle, applicable to injection materials with different physical properties, low in experiment cost, and capable of facilitating scientific layout of labs, and possesses high inventiveness.

Description

A kind of novel electrostatic spinning machine spraying system
Technical field
The invention belongs to packaging material field of experiment equipment, particularly a kind of novel electrostatic spinning machine spraying system.
Background technology
Along with the fast development of packaging material research, monodimension nanometer material relies on the features such as the large and function admirable of its surface area, becomes the study hotspot in present material field.And as making device---the electrostatic spinning machine of monodimension nanometer material, become the popular object of experimental study especially.
Electrostatic spinning machine is made up of the reception roller of DC high-voltage power supply, iron stand, collection nano silk and needle tubing that solution is housed usually.Its main operation principle is that the material that will make and macromolecule carrier are made into a certain proportion of solution, and due to the characteristic of macromolecule self, Polymer Solution compares thickness usually, and the coefficient of viscosity is larger, and therefore solution is not easy flowing.Load in syringe by the solution prepared, syringe tilts or vertically places, and under the promotion of syringe inner carrier, the solution of thickness forms hemispherical drop, because it has certain concentration, so drop can not drip.Between drop and reception roller, add high voltage electric field, under the effect of electrostatic force, spray nano-filaments, dry air makes solution evaporation, and the nano-filaments obtained is received roller collection becomes nano material.
Existing electrostatic spinning machine structure, function are comparatively single, and its injection equipment is only made up of a syringe, after the position of syringe is fixing, just can not carry out adjustment all around again; In addition, its spray pattern is single, only can spray in the horizontal plane, and can not spray in the different angles in space, be unfavorable for that the blasting materials of different physical characteristic carries out injection experiment.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of design science rationally, eject position and adjustable angle, can be applicable to different physical characteristics blasting materials, be easy to the novel electrostatic spinning machine spraying system that realizes.
The present invention solves its technical problem and takes following technical scheme to realize:
A kind of novel electrostatic spinning machine spraying system, comprise spraying canister, it is characterized in that: also comprise space angle governor motion and horizontal direction adjustment mechanism, described space angle governor motion is by installing rack, bracket, stand and angular adjustment handwheel is regulated to form, installing rack is rotatablely equipped with bracket, the adjustment stand connected by tie-beam is installed in the bilateral symmetry of bracket, the support body of this adjustment stand is shaped with an arc adjustment hole, regulating tooth is shaped with in adjustment hole, the adjusting gear be meshed with regulating tooth is provided with in adjustment hole, outside and the angular adjustment handwheel of adjusting gear are fixedly mounted with, inner side and the bracket of adjusting gear are fixedly mounted with, described horizontal direction adjustment mechanism is installed on the base plate of bracket, described horizontal direction adjustment mechanism by moving forward and backward track, one-level installing plate, move left and right track, secondary installing plate, injection unit and driver element form, the base plate of described bracket is provided with movable track, one-level installing plate from bottom to up successively, moves left and right track, secondary installing plate and injection unit, one-level installing plate and secondary installing plate realize in movable track and the movement that moves left and right on track respectively by driver element.
And in described adjustment stand, the outer ring of arc adjustment hole is also shaped with a circle arc locking hole, is provided with the bolt be fixedly mounted with bracket in arc locking hole, is provided with the spanner of built-in adjusting nut in the outside of the end arc locking hole of bolt.
And, described driver element is made up of front and back drive division and left and right drive division, described front and back drive division is made up of leading screw seat, front and back adjusting screw and front and back adjusting handle, the front end of front and back adjusting screw is packed in the leading screw seat on one-level installing plate, the rear end of front and back adjusting screw is threaded onto in the leading screw seat on bracket base plate, and described front and back adjusting handle is installed in the rearward end of front and back adjusting screw; Described left and right drive division is made up of motor, gear, left and right adjusting leading screw and travel switch, on the top of left and right adjusting leading screw, secondary installing plate is installed, this left and right adjusting leading screw drives left and right adjusting guide screw movement by motor gear transmission, then realize the motion of secondary installing plate on the leading screw of left and right, described travel switch is installed on one-level installing plate.
And, described injection unit is made up of syringe installing rack, pushing assisted plate track, pushing assisted plate and cylinder, described secondary installing plate is provided with the syringe installing rack installing syringe, in the both sides of syringe installing rack, pushing assisted plate track is installed, pushing assisted plate track is provided with the pushing assisted plate of boosting spraying canister piston, and the cylinder bar of described cylinder is connected with pushing assisted plate and realizes its moving forward and backward on pushing assisted plate track.
And, the biside plate of described bracket is provided with horizontal scale chi.
And, the arc adjustment hole of described adjustment stand is provided with angle graduated scale.
Advantage of the present invention and good effect are:
1, this novel electrostatic spinning machine spraying system, by the setting of space angle governor motion, realizes the adjustment in spraying canister in the vertical direction angle; By the setting of horizontal direction adjustment mechanism, achieve spraying canister adjustment all around in the horizontal direction.During experiment, can according to characteristics such as the viscosity of solution, select the spray regime of various position, achieve the electrostatic spinning experiment that just can complete multiple solution on a machine, reduce experimental cost, be beneficial to the science layout in laboratory, the suitability for industrialized production for monodimension nanometer material has made outstanding contribution.
2, this novel electrostatic spinning machine spraying system, by arranging horizontal scale chi and angle graduated scale respectively on the biside plate of bracket and on the arc adjustment hole of adjustment stand, makes the data of acquisition more accurate.
3, this novel electrostatic spinning machine spraying system, by regulating spanner stand being arranged fastening adjustment bracket, this spanner can guaranteed that bracket is firmly fixed on and regulate in stand, ensures the stability of experiment.
4, this novel electrostatic spinning machine spraying system, install tie-beam by regulating between stand two, this tie-beam avoids the problem regulating stand to tilt because of stressed for a long time, be out of shape, and ensures the normal use of this machine.
5, scientific structure design of the present invention is reasonable, having that eject position and adjustable angle, the blasting materials that can be applicable to different physical characteristics, experimental cost are low, the advantage of the science layout that is beneficial to laboratory, is a kind of novel electrostatic spinning machine spraying system with higher innovation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the A portion enlarged drawing of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is using state figure of the present invention.
Reference numeral:
1-regulates stand, 2-adjustment hole, 3-arc locking hole, 4-bracket, 5-installing rack, 6-angular adjustment handwheel, 7-spanner, adjusting handle before and after 8-, 9-base plate, 10-spraying canister, 11-left and right adjusting leading screw, 12-moves left and right track, 13-motor, 14-pushing assisted plate track, 15-pushing assisted plate, 16-moves forward and backward track, adjusting screw before and after 17-, 18-leading screw seat, 19-cylinder bar, 20-secondary installing plate, 21-one-level installing plate, 22-cylinder, 23-syringe installing rack, 24-tie-beam.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, by specific embodiment, the invention will be further described.Following examples are descriptive, are not determinate, can not limit protection scope of the present invention with this.
A kind of novel electrostatic spinning machine spraying system, comprise spraying canister 10, its innovation is: also comprise space angle governor motion and horizontal direction adjustment mechanism, described space angle governor motion is by installing rack 5, bracket 4, stand 1 and angular adjustment handwheel 6 is regulated to form, installing rack is rotatablely equipped with bracket, the adjustment stand connected by tie-beam 24 is installed in the bilateral symmetry of bracket, the support body of this adjustment stand is shaped with an arc adjustment hole 2, regulating tooth is shaped with in adjustment hole, the adjusting gear be meshed with regulating tooth is provided with in adjustment hole, outside and the angular adjustment handwheel of adjusting gear are fixedly mounted with, inner side and the bracket of adjusting gear are fixedly mounted with, described horizontal direction adjustment mechanism is installed on the base plate 9 of bracket, described horizontal direction adjustment mechanism by moving forward and backward track 16, one-level installing plate 21, move left and right track 12, secondary installing plate 20, injection unit and driver element form, the base plate of described bracket is provided with movable track, one-level installing plate from bottom to up successively, moves left and right track, secondary installing plate and injection unit, one-level installing plate and secondary installing plate realize in movable track and the movement that moves left and right on track respectively by driver element.
In described adjustment stand, the outer ring of arc adjustment hole is also shaped with a circle arc locking hole 3, is provided with the bolt be fixedly mounted with bracket in arc locking hole, is provided with the spanner 7 of built-in adjusting nut in the outside of the end arc locking hole of bolt.
Described driver element is made up of front and back drive division and left and right drive division, described front and back drive division is made up of leading screw seat 18, front and back adjusting screw 17 and front and back adjusting handle 8, the front end of front and back adjusting screw is packed in the leading screw seat on one-level installing plate, the rear end of front and back adjusting screw is threaded onto in the leading screw seat on bracket base plate, and described front and back adjusting handle is installed in the rearward end of front and back adjusting screw; Described left and right drive division is made up of motor 13, gear, left and right adjusting leading screw 11 and travel switch, on the top of left and right adjusting leading screw, secondary installing plate is installed, this left and right adjusting leading screw drives left and right adjusting guide screw movement by motor gear transmission, then realize the motion of secondary installing plate on the leading screw of left and right, described travel switch is installed on one-level installing plate.
Described injection unit is made up of syringe installing rack 23, pushing assisted plate track 14, pushing assisted plate 15 and cylinder 22, described secondary installing plate is provided with the syringe installing rack installing syringe, in the both sides of syringe installing rack, pushing assisted plate track is installed, pushing assisted plate track is provided with the pushing assisted plate of boosting spraying canister piston, and the cylinder bar 19 of described cylinder is connected with pushing assisted plate and realizes its moving forward and backward on pushing assisted plate track.
The biside plate of described bracket is provided with horizontal scale chi.The arc adjustment hole of described adjustment stand is provided with angle graduated scale.
During use, according to the physical property of solution in spraying canister, the distance manually adjusting spraying canister by the front and back adjusting handle in horizontal direction adjustment mechanism and receive between roller.Start the machine switch, spraying canister is sprayed solution under the effect of pushing assisted plate, simultaneously, spraying canister to move left and right on track movement back and forth, realizes receiving the uniform winding on roller, and, can according to the character of solution, adjusted arbitrarily the spray angle of spraying canister by the angular adjustment handwheel on space angle governor motion, receiving the best reception state on roller to obtain different solutions, its experimental data suitability for industrialized production to monodimension nanometer material obtained has important guiding significance.
Although disclose embodiments of the invention and accompanying drawing for the purpose of illustration, but it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that: in the spirit and scope not departing from the present invention and claims, various replacement, change and amendment are all possible, therefore, scope of the present invention is not limited to the content disclosed in embodiment and accompanying drawing.

Claims (6)

1. a novel electrostatic spinning machine spraying system, comprise spraying canister, it is characterized in that: also comprise space angle governor motion and horizontal direction adjustment mechanism, described space angle governor motion is by installing rack, bracket, stand and angular adjustment handwheel is regulated to form, installing rack is rotatablely equipped with bracket, the adjustment stand connected by tie-beam is installed in the bilateral symmetry of bracket, the support body of this adjustment stand is shaped with an arc adjustment hole, regulating tooth is shaped with in adjustment hole, the adjusting gear be meshed with regulating tooth is provided with in adjustment hole, outside and the angular adjustment handwheel of adjusting gear are fixedly mounted with, inner side and the bracket of adjusting gear are fixedly mounted with, described horizontal direction adjustment mechanism is installed on the base plate of bracket, described horizontal direction adjustment mechanism by moving forward and backward track, one-level installing plate, move left and right track, secondary installing plate, injection unit and driver element form, the base plate of described bracket is provided with movable track, one-level installing plate from bottom to up successively, moves left and right track, secondary installing plate and injection unit, one-level installing plate and secondary installing plate realize in movable track and the movement that moves left and right on track respectively by driver element.
2. a kind of novel electrostatic spinning machine spraying system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described adjustment stand, the outer ring of arc adjustment hole is also shaped with a circle arc locking hole, be provided with the bolt be fixedly mounted with bracket in arc locking hole, the spanner of built-in adjusting nut is installed in the outside of the end arc locking hole of bolt.
3. a kind of novel electrostatic spinning machine spraying system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described driver element is made up of front and back drive division and left and right drive division, described front and back drive division is made up of leading screw seat, front and back adjusting screw and front and back adjusting handle, the front end of front and back adjusting screw is packed in the leading screw seat on one-level installing plate, the rear end of front and back adjusting screw is threaded onto in the leading screw seat on bracket base plate, and described front and back adjusting handle is installed in the rearward end of front and back adjusting screw; Described left and right drive division is made up of motor, gear, left and right adjusting leading screw and travel switch, on the top of left and right adjusting leading screw, secondary installing plate is installed, this left and right adjusting leading screw drives left and right adjusting guide screw movement by motor gear transmission, then realize the motion of secondary installing plate on the leading screw of left and right, described travel switch is installed on one-level installing plate.
4. a kind of novel electrostatic spinning machine spraying system according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described injection unit is made up of syringe installing rack, pushing assisted plate track, pushing assisted plate and cylinder, described secondary installing plate is provided with the syringe installing rack installing syringe, in the both sides of syringe installing rack, pushing assisted plate track is installed, pushing assisted plate track is provided with the pushing assisted plate of boosting spraying canister piston, and the cylinder bar of described cylinder is connected with pushing assisted plate and realizes its moving forward and backward on pushing assisted plate track.
5. a kind of novel electrostatic spinning machine spraying system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: on the biside plate of described bracket, be provided with horizontal scale chi.
6. a kind of novel electrostatic spinning machine spraying system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: on the arc adjustment hole of described adjustment stand, be provided with angle graduated scale.
CN201410498302.6A 2014-09-25 2014-09-25 A kind of novel electrostatic spinning-drawing machine spraying system Active CN104264239B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105256387A (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-01-20 哈尔滨理工大学 Spinning-angle-adjustable high-pressure electrospinning machine
CN112430859A (en) * 2020-11-20 2021-03-02 深圳市天元欣环保科技有限公司 Electrostatic spraying device and method

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2006123858A1 (en) * 2005-05-18 2006-11-23 Industrial Cooperation Foundation Chonbuk National University Method of manufacturing mats consisting of nanofibers by electrospinning and mats manufactured thereby
JP4047744B2 (en) * 2003-02-27 2008-02-13 日本バイリーン株式会社 Electrostatic spinning method and electrostatic spinning apparatus
JP2008231636A (en) * 2007-03-23 2008-10-02 Univ Of Shiga Prefecture Electrostatic spinning apparatus
CN103334166A (en) * 2013-06-18 2013-10-02 清华大学 Electrospinning liquid filamentation device and electrostatic spinning machine
CN103392032A (en) * 2010-12-06 2013-11-13 株式会社托普泰克 Field emission device and nanofiber manufacturing device
CN203451652U (en) * 2013-07-16 2014-02-26 东华大学 Three-dimensional type multi-spinning-nozzle spinneret plate for electrostatic spinning
CN204198903U (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-03-11 天津市职业大学 A kind of novel electrostatic spinning machine injection apparatus

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4047744B2 (en) * 2003-02-27 2008-02-13 日本バイリーン株式会社 Electrostatic spinning method and electrostatic spinning apparatus
WO2006123858A1 (en) * 2005-05-18 2006-11-23 Industrial Cooperation Foundation Chonbuk National University Method of manufacturing mats consisting of nanofibers by electrospinning and mats manufactured thereby
JP2008231636A (en) * 2007-03-23 2008-10-02 Univ Of Shiga Prefecture Electrostatic spinning apparatus
CN103392032A (en) * 2010-12-06 2013-11-13 株式会社托普泰克 Field emission device and nanofiber manufacturing device
CN103334166A (en) * 2013-06-18 2013-10-02 清华大学 Electrospinning liquid filamentation device and electrostatic spinning machine
CN203451652U (en) * 2013-07-16 2014-02-26 东华大学 Three-dimensional type multi-spinning-nozzle spinneret plate for electrostatic spinning
CN204198903U (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-03-11 天津市职业大学 A kind of novel electrostatic spinning machine injection apparatus

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105256387A (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-01-20 哈尔滨理工大学 Spinning-angle-adjustable high-pressure electrospinning machine
CN112430859A (en) * 2020-11-20 2021-03-02 深圳市天元欣环保科技有限公司 Electrostatic spraying device and method

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