CN104262055B - A kind of Chinese medicine slag fertilizer and production method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of Chinese medicine slag fertilizer and production method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104262055B
CN104262055B CN201410508169.8A CN201410508169A CN104262055B CN 104262055 B CN104262055 B CN 104262055B CN 201410508169 A CN201410508169 A CN 201410508169A CN 104262055 B CN104262055 B CN 104262055B
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chinese medicine
medicine slag
fertilizer
radix
bacterium
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CN104262055A (en
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王剑非
王磊
赵佳
刘延忠
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Institute of S&T Information, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Institute Of S&t Information Shandong Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

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  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Pest Control & Pesticides (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Biochemistry (AREA)
  • Biotechnology (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • General Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Microbiology (AREA)
  • Molecular Biology (AREA)
  • Fertilizers (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of Chinese medicine slag fertilizer, can make full use of the garbage after Chinese medicine extraction, it is achieved twice laid, one can be provided to have sterilization, prevention and elimination of disease and pests and the fertilizer of rich in nutrition content for agricultural production again.Make including Chinese medicine slag, excrement of animals, solid waste, bacillus subtilis, the fermentation of EM bacterium.Chinese medicine slag, excrement of animals are mixed by the present invention with solid waste; add biofermentation bacterium and carry out rapid fermentation; it is processed into organic fertilizer; turn waste into wealth; turn harm into good; both solve the process problem of the discarded medicinal residues of the pharmaceutical factory of traditional Chinese medicine, greatly reduce again offal treatment cost, it is achieved that the doulbe-sides' victory of environmental conservation and economic development.Use the fertilizer being made up of Chinese medicine slag, can not only effectively improve soil, moreover it is possible to effectively prevent crop disease and insect, improve the quality of crop, yield and safety.

Description

A kind of Chinese medicine slag fertilizer and production method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Chinese medicine slag fertilizer and production method thereof, belong to agricultural biological technical field.
Background technology
Culture of TCM in the history of state-owned several thousand, Chinese medicine is one of rarity of our country, and the composition that Chinese crude drug raw material can be extracted in fact is average less than 6%.There is Chinese medicine enterprise 1636 current inland of China, and the annual plant medical material about 700,000 tons that consumes, generation medicinal residues reach millions of tons.The mode of conventional process Chinese medicine dreg is buried or is burned, both land occupations, the pollutant such as the volume of smoke produced again, carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, processes and requires high and expense is big, becomes the thorny problem that Chinese medicine enterprise faces.
Chinese medicine slag often contains a certain amount of active component and substantial amounts of crude fibre, crude fat, starch, crude polysaccharides, aminoacid, inorganic nutrients composition.Recent study finds that Chinese medicine slag has multiple organic components and activated carbon composition after extracting, and after hot fermentation, contributes to improving soil, increases soil fertility.The fiber that many Chinese medicines contain is fewer, such as the Radix Astragali, Radix Rehmanniae Preparata, Cortex cinnamomi japonici (Ramulus Cinnamomi) etc., loosely organized, it is possible to improve loosing soil degree energetically.And Chinese medicine dreg is after bioactivation, containing organic matters such as abundant N P and K, saves resource for society, met the requirement of recycling economy development.But current existing Chinese medicine slag fertilizer great majority do not possess effect of disease control.It is not met by the demand at present for many effects Chinese medicine slag fertilizer.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of Chinese medicine slag fertilizer, the garbage after Chinese medicine extraction can be made full use of, it is achieved twice laid, one can be provided to have sterilization, prevention and elimination of disease and pests and the fertilizer of rich in nutrition content for agricultural production again.
Technical solution of the present invention is as follows: a kind of Chinese medicine slag fertilizer, by weight, including Chinese medicine slag 50-60 part, excrement of animals 10-20 part, solid waste 10-20 part, bacillus subtilis 0.5-1 part, EM bacterium 0.5-1 part.
Described Chinese medicine slag is the residue after the Chinese medicine extraction such as Radix Et Rhizoma Rhei 10-30 part, Radix Astragali 10-30 part, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis 10-30 part, Cortex Phellodendri 10-20 part, Radix Isatidis 10-20 part, Radix Scutellariae 10-20 part, Radix Codonopsis 10-30 part, Pericarpium Granati 10-15 part, Herba Artemisiae Annuae 10-15 part, Fructus Cnidii 10-15 part, Cortex Dictamni 10-15 part.
Described solid waste is straw, rice husk, plant ash, food processing leftover bits and pieces etc..
Described excrement of animals can be the feces of all domestic animal poultry etc. such as pig manure, cattle manure, sheep stool, chicken manure, duck excrement.
The production method of Chinese medicine slag fertilizer of the present invention is: joining in fermentation vat by Chinese medicine slag, excrement of animals, solid waste, add water and stir, the material moisture after stirring is between 50%-55%, it is ensured that loose good permeability.Then by soluble in water for the EM bacterium of whole bacillus subtilises and total amount 50%, it is sprayed at after being uniformly mixed on the material of fermentation vat, then turns over and push away several times, it is ensured that bacterium solution is uniform with mixing of materials.Cover tightly with Polypropylence Sheet, ferment 7-10 days, sweat detects temperature of charge, if heap body core temperature is higher than 50 DEG C, turns in time and push away cooling, maintain fermentation temperature between 35-40 DEG C.The mixing of remaining EM bacterium is added after fermentation ends.In sweat, fermentation temperature being turned over and push away, one is ventilative, oxygen supply in stockpile, promotes the fermentation maturity of material;Two are stirring for evenly, are that top layer material can translate into inside;Three is make the disease microorganism on top layer, disease pest ovum also thoroughly be killed by high temperature.Add again a certain amount of EM bacterium after fermentation, fully ensure that vigor and the balance of flora in bacterial manure.Bacterial activity is good, and after being manured into soil, reproductive capacity is higher, due to the symbiosis of flora, just can effectively drive the breeding of whole flora, improve unit are viable bacteria number.More can effectively play the effect of fertilizer.
Chinese medicine slag fertilizer of the present invention has a characteristic that
(1) pollution-free, nuisanceless.The present invention adopts natural organic substance to ferment, and provides natural organic nutrition for crop, it is to avoid the pollution that chemical fertilizer and chemical bactericide bring.
(2) scientific formulation, nutrient are complete.Present invention crops regulation of fertilizer requirement carries out scientific matching.Except containing medium trace element such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium macronutrient and calcium, magnesium, sulfur, ferrum, boron, zinc, selenium, molybdenums, possibly together with substantial amounts of organic matter, humic acid material, nutrient is complete, fertilizer is balanced, and fertilizer efficiency is lasting.
(3) activating soil, increase fertilizer efficiency.Fertilizer of the present invention has assists effect of potential nutrients in release soil.Can chesson, strengthen soil aggregate, improve water conservation fertilizer-preserving ability, increase the soil organism.
(4) improve product quality, reduce harmful accumulation.Due to the effect of the live bacteria agent in fertilizer of the present invention, improving product quality, in part crop, VC content improves 30%-40%, and soluble sugar can improve 1-4 degree.Product features good taste, fresh keeping time length, for shelf-stable.
(5) soil-borne disease is suppressed.Bio-fertilizer of the present invention can promote that crop rhizosphere beneficial microorganism is bred, and improves crop rhizosphere ecological environment.The increase of beneficial microbe and disease-resistant factor, also can reduce infecting of soil-borne disease detailedly, reduces the disease index of continuous cropping crop, uses year after year and can significantly alleviate continuous cropping obstacle.
The total total nutrient content of fertilizer of the present invention: N P and K >=4%, activity beneficial microbe >=20,000,000/gram, organic >=25.0%, moisture≤30.0%, pH value 6.0-8.0.The harmful heavy metal content such as arsenic, lead, chromium, hydrargyrum, cadmium are relatively low, meet relevant criterion.
Chinese medicine slag, excrement of animals are mixed by the present invention with solid waste; add biofermentation bacterium and carry out rapid fermentation; it is processed into organic fertilizer; turn waste into wealth; turn harm into good; both solve the process problem of the discarded medicinal residues of the pharmaceutical factory of traditional Chinese medicine, greatly reduce again offal treatment cost, it is achieved that the doulbe-sides' victory of environmental conservation and economic development.Use the fertilizer being made up of Chinese medicine slag, can not only effectively improve soil, moreover it is possible to effectively prevent crop disease and insect, improve the quality of crop, yield and safety.
Detailed description of the invention
1. 1 kinds of Chinese medicine slag fertilizers of embodiment, including Chinese medicine slag 60 parts, excrement of animals 20 parts, solid waste 20 parts, bacillus subtilis 1 part, EM bacterium 1 part.
Described Chinese medicine slag is the residue after the Chinese medicine extraction such as Radix Et Rhizoma Rhei 30 parts, the Radix Astragali 30 parts, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis 30 parts, Cortex Phellodendri 20 parts, Radix Isatidis 20 parts, Radix Scutellariae 20 parts, Radix Codonopsis 30 parts, Pericarpium Granati 15 parts, Herba Artemisiae Annuae 15 parts, Fructus Cnidii 15 parts, Cortex Dictamni 15 parts.
Joining in fermentation vat by Chinese medicine slag, excrement of animals, solid waste, add water and stir, the material moisture after stirring is between 50%-55%, it is ensured that loose good permeability.Then by soluble in water for the EM bacterium of whole bacillus subtilises and total amount 50%, it is sprayed at after being uniformly mixed on the material of fermentation vat, then turns over and push away several times, it is ensured that bacterium solution is uniform with mixing of materials.Cover tightly with Polypropylence Sheet, ferment 7-10 days, sweat detects temperature of charge, if heap body core temperature is higher than 50 DEG C, turns in time and push away cooling, maintain fermentation temperature between 35-40 DEG C.The mixing of remaining EM bacterium is added after fermentation ends.
2. 1 kinds of Chinese medicine slag fertilizers of embodiment, including Chinese medicine slag 50 parts, excrement of animals 10 parts, solid waste 10 parts, bacillus subtilis 0.5 part, EM bacterium 0.5 part.
Described Chinese medicine slag is the residue after the Chinese medicine extraction such as Radix Et Rhizoma Rhei 10 parts, the Radix Astragali 10 parts, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis 10 parts, Cortex Phellodendri 10 parts, Radix Isatidis 10 parts, Radix Scutellariae 10 parts, Radix Codonopsis 10 parts, Pericarpium Granati 10 parts, Herba Artemisiae Annuae 10 parts, Fructus Cnidii 10 parts, Cortex Dictamni 10 parts.
Production method is identical with embodiment 1.
3. 1 kinds of Chinese medicine slag fertilizers of embodiment, including Chinese medicine slag 55 parts, excrement of animals 15 parts, solid waste 15 parts, bacillus subtilis 0.8 part, EM bacterium 0.6 part.
Described Chinese medicine slag is the residue after the Chinese medicine extraction such as Radix Et Rhizoma Rhei 20 parts, the Radix Astragali 20 parts, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis 20 parts, Cortex Phellodendri 15 parts, Radix Isatidis 15 parts, Radix Scutellariae 15 parts, Radix Codonopsis 20 parts, Pericarpium Granati 12 parts, Herba Artemisiae Annuae 12 parts, Fructus Cnidii 12 parts, Cortex Dictamni 12 parts.
Production method is identical with embodiment 1.
Test example 1 manure trial
In Shouguang, different crops carrying out volume increase experiment in 2013 respectively, experimental design and result are in Table 1.Test group: adopt the embodiment of the present invention 1 fertilizer group;Matched group: not organic fertilizer;Other field management, fertilising, irrigation etc. are all identical.
The table 1 fertilizer of the present invention effect of increasing production to Different Crop
From experimental result it can be seen that the fertilizer of the present invention to Fructus Lycopersici esculenti, Fructus Melo, Citrullus vulgaris by significantly volume increase and the effect improving quality.
Test example 2 is to ginger diseases prevention effect
Ginger diseases prevention effect being tested in Shouguang in 2013, test group uses the embodiment of the present invention 3 Chinese medicine slag fertilizer, and matched group uses common commercially available fertilizer.The Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens kind of matched group and test group all uses Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens seed soaking agent, and the field management such as other field management, fertilising, irrigation is all identical.
Table 2 experiment processes Fertilization Level
Trial zone 660m2, plant great Jiang 4800 strain, test group and each 330m of matched group2.In survey result harvest time.Result display bacterial wilt of ginger sickness rate test group is 10.5%, and matched group is 64.2%;Root rot sickness rate test group is 15.3%, and matched group is 65.8%;Stem rot sickness rate test group is 5.7%, and matched group is 61.4%.From result of the test, use the Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens bacterial wilt of ginger of Chinese medicine slag fertilizer of the present invention, root rot, stem rot sickness rate be remarkably decreased.And be conducive to improving the quality and yield of Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens, environmentally safe.What contain harmful mushroom in Chinese medicine slag fertilizer of the present invention kills the effective ingredient with resistancing action, directly plays scavenging action, and effect duration is long after being manured into soil.

Claims (2)

1. a Chinese medicine slag fertilizer, is characterized in that, by weight, including Chinese medicine slag 50-60 part, excrement of animals 10-20 part, solid waste 10-20 part, bacillus subtilis 0.5-1 part, EM bacterium 0.5-1 part;
Described Chinese medicine slag is the residue after Radix Et Rhizoma Rhei 10-30 part, Radix Astragali 10-30 part, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis 10-30 part, Cortex Phellodendri 10-20 part, Radix Isatidis 10-20 part, Radix Scutellariae 10-20 part, Radix Codonopsis 10-30 part, Pericarpium Granati 10-15 part, Herba Artemisiae Annuae 10-15 part, Fructus Cnidii 10-15 part, Cortex Dictamni 10-15 part Chinese medicine extraction;
Described solid waste is straw, rice husk, plant ash, food processing leftover bits and pieces.
2. the production method of the Chinese medicine slag fertilizer described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: Chinese medicine slag, excrement of animals, solid waste are joined in fermentation vat, adding water and stir, the material moisture after stirring is between 50%-55%, it is ensured that loose good permeability;Then by soluble in water for the EM bacterium of whole bacillus subtilises and total amount 50%, it is sprayed at after being uniformly mixed on the material of fermentation vat, then turns over and push away several times, it is ensured that bacterium solution is uniform with mixing of materials;Cover tightly with Polypropylence Sheet, ferment 7-10 days, sweat detects temperature of charge, if heap body core temperature is higher than 50 DEG C, turns in time and push away cooling, maintain fermentation temperature between 35-40 DEG C;The mixing of remaining EM bacterium is added after fermentation ends.
CN201410508169.8A 2014-09-28 2014-09-28 A kind of Chinese medicine slag fertilizer and production method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN104262055B (en)

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