CN104261967A - Method for cultivating flammulina velutipes by utilizing corncob ferment materials - Google Patents

Method for cultivating flammulina velutipes by utilizing corncob ferment materials Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104261967A
CN104261967A CN201410438755.XA CN201410438755A CN104261967A CN 104261967 A CN104261967 A CN 104261967A CN 201410438755 A CN201410438755 A CN 201410438755A CN 104261967 A CN104261967 A CN 104261967A
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Prior art keywords
corn cob
flammulina velutipes
fermentation
lime
heap
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Pending
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CN201410438755.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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吴晖
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吴晖
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Priority to CN201410438755.XA priority Critical patent/CN104261967A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D3/00Calcareous fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for cultivating flammulina velutipes by utilizing corncob ferment materials. The method is characterized in that a culture material comprises the following components by weight percent: 60-70% of corncobs, 5-10% of saw dust, 25-30% of bran, 1% of gypsum, 1% of lime, 1% of phosphorus fertilizers and 0.1% of carbendazim. The corncobs are used as the main raw materials of the culture material, and proper amount of nutrient substances are used as the auxiliary materials; and the cultivation method which is scientific and reasonable and is easy to popularize is provided according to the growth characteristics of flammulina velutipes. Flammulina velutipes cultivated by the method has the advantages of simple technology, low investment and quickness in taking effect. The production method comprises the steps of preparation of the culture material, stacking and fermentation, bagging and seeding, shed building and fungus filling and fungus discharge management.

Description

A kind of method utilizing corn cob fermentation material cultivating flammulina velutipes
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fungus growing technique field, be specifically related to a kind of method utilizing corn cob fermentation material cultivating flammulina velutipes.
Background technology
Corn is Chinese first food crop, and in Jilin, there is plantation on Zhejiang, Fujian, Yunnan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Sichuan, Shaanxi, Gansu, Shandong, Henan, Hebei, the ground such as Anhui, and its by product corn cob is all burnt mostly.Needle mushroom is the edible mushrooms cultivated in autumn and winter and early spring, with its cap sliding tender, handle is crisp, nutritious, delicious agreeable to the taste and be world-famous for, the particularly first-class food materials of cold vegetable dish in sauce and chafing dish, it is nutritious, and A sweety scent assails the nostrils and delicious flavour, is deeply loved by the public.According to surveying and determination, the amino acid whose content of needle mushroom is very abundant, and higher than general mushroom class, especially the content of Methionin is high especially, and Methionin has the function promoting children ' s intelligence development.Containing protein 8.87% in needle mushroom dry product, carbohydrate 60.2%, robust fibre reaches 7.4%, often eats and can prevent and treat Peptic Ulcers.Have research to show again, a kind of material contained in needle mushroom has good antitumous effect.Needle mushroom is a kind of acat, is again good protective foods, and the domestic and international market of needle mushroom is day by day wide.If corncob cultivation needle mushroom can be utilized, not only can turn waste into wealth, Appropriate application crop genetic resource, and peasant's time in winter slack can be made full use of, promote a diversified economy, increase income.Corn cob fermentation material cultivating flammulina velutipes, technology is simple, invests low, instant effect; The fruiting time, market conditions were good, and better results generally in winter-spring season, were well suited at vast rural area Popularization And Development.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention be just to provide a kind of technology simple, invest the method utilizing corn cob fermentation material cultivating flammulina velutipes that is low, instant effect.
1), the preparation of culture material, prepare corn cob 60 ?70%, wood chip 5 ?10%, wheat bran 25% ?30%, gypsum, lime, phosphate fertilizer each 1%, derosal 0.1%.Corn cob pulverizer is pulverized, first that lime, phosphate fertilizer, derosal is soluble in water during spice, then stir, finally add other auxiliary materials.
2), composting, fermentation: Compost is become wide 1.1 ?1.3m, high 1.1 ?1.3m, the stockpile that length is not limit, stockpile to loosen as far as possible concentrate.Heap is finished rear wooden stick and is got through pore with going directly bottom even from heap top, pitch-row 20 ?25cm, last upper cover plastic sheeting for farm use is incubated.Start turning when temperature reaches 55 DEG C in expecting, turned over once every 3 days later, turn over 3 times altogether.Loose heap cooling before sowing after fermentation ends, and adjust potential of hydrogen 5.5 ?6 with lime powder.
3), pack sowing: select polyethylene bag.Get out porous plug before sowing, first a porous plug pricked in one end of bag before pack, be sown into fast shape bacterial classification, require that charging limit, limit compresses, reach outer tight in pine, when charging is expired soon, be sown into bacterial classification front cover, finally the porous plug beyond the Great Wall in centre, fastens sack.
4), put up a shed into bacterium: select gobo to be scaffolding material, every 2 meters wide are left a ventilation opening.First sprinkle lime on ground before bacterium bag enters canopy, and sterilize with sulfur fumigation, after bacterium is put into, tight attention heap temperature changes, if temperature is more than 28 DEG C, the heap that fall apart in time is aeration-cooling.General 8 ?within 10 days, turn over and once pile, make to send out bacterium evenly neat.In whole bacteria process, sooner or later want ventilation 1.5 hours.
5), management of producing mushroom: mycelia purseful about 1 week, there is the yellow globule in sack, be fruiting tendency, when after several batches of mushrooms of gathering, material in moisture loss and nutrient consumption serious time, want timely moisturizing, method is that charge level is peelled off 3cm, with bamboo let or reinforcing bar prick 4 ?5 apertures, put into water or nutritive medium (0.3 ?0.4% urea, 0.5 ?1% sucrose, 0.3%-0.5% potassium primary phosphate), soak 12 ?16 hours, make moisture be increased to original weight 80 ?about 90%, bacteria fruiting again.
Step 1) in corn cob meal is broken to 8 ?10mm size.
Step 3) in its strain sowing amount be siccative heavy 10%-15%.
Embodiment
The technical solution used in the present invention comprises following steps:
1, culture material formula: corn cob 60%, wood chip 6.9%, wheat bran 30%, gypsum, lime, phosphate fertilizer each 1%, derosal 0.1%.Corn cob meal is broken to 8mm size, first that lime, phosphate fertilizer, derosal is soluble in water during spice, then stir, finally add other auxiliary materials.
2, fermentation reactor system: Compost is become wide 1.1m, high 1.2m, the stockpile that length is not limit, stockpile will loosen as far as possible concentrate.Heap is finished rear wooden stick and is got through pore, pitch-row 20cm from the through bottom even in heap top, last upper cover plastic sheeting for farm use insulation.When in expecting, temperature reaches 55 DEG C, first time turning, turned over once every 3 days later, turns over 3 times altogether.Loose heap cooling before sowing after fermentation ends, and adjust potential of hydrogen 5.8 with lime powder.
3, pack sowing.Cultivating bag selects polyethylene bag.To porous plug be got out before sowing, first a porous plug be pricked in one end of bag before pack, be sown into fast shape bacterial classification, require that charging limit, limit compresses, reach outer tight in pine, when charging is expired soon, be sown into bacterial classification front cover, finally the porous plug beyond the Great Wall in centre, fastens sack.Porous plug will be withstood bacterial classification by attention, makes it fully contact with culture material, in order to bacterial classification definite value.Application rate be siccative heavy 15%.
4, bacteria management: bacteria canopy requires shading, drying, ventilation.Lime to be sprinkled on ground before entering canopy, and sterilize with sulfur fumigation.After bacterium bag is put into, the change of tight attention heap temperature, if temperature is more than 28 DEG C, the heap that fall apart in time is aeration-cooling.Within 8 days, turn over and once pile, make to send out bacterium evenly neat.In whole bacteria process, sooner or later want ventilation 1.5 hours.
5, management of producing mushroom.Mycelia purseful about 1 week, there is the yellow globule in sack, is fruiting tendency, at this moment will increase illumination, widen the temperature difference, stronger ventilation, its fruiting short.After sack has mushroom flower bud to occur, bag to be separated in time, sack turnup is exposed mushroom flower bud.And simultaneously surrounding work of water sprinkling for better material moisture earthward, space relative humidity brings up to 90%.Notice that mushroom flower bud diameter is when below 2cm, not directly to upper water spray, otherwise cause the atrophy of mushroom flower bud dead.Before mushroom lid fully launches or is about to expansion, color is by deeply shoaling gradually, and recessed portion white hair starts to occur, spore not yet radiates can gather.When after several batches of mushrooms of gathering, material in moisture loss and nutrient consumption serious time, want timely moisturizing, method is that charge level is peelled off 3cm, with bamboo let or reinforcing bar prick 4 ?5 apertures, put into water or nutritive medium (0.3 ?0.4% urea, 0.5 ?1% sucrose, 0.3%-0.5% potassium primary phosphate), soak 12 ?16 hours, moisture is made to be increased to about 85% of original weight, again bacteria fruiting.
The present invention, using corn cob as the main raw material of culture material, is equipped with appropriate nutritive substance, according to the growth characteristics of needle mushroom, provides scientific and reasonable, to be easy to popularization cultivating method.The needle mushroom of being cultivated by the method is possessed skills simply, invest advantage that is low, instant effect.

Claims (4)

1. utilize a method for corn cob fermentation material cultivating flammulina velutipes, it is characterized in that its culture material is made up of following weight percent: rice core 60 ?70%, wood chip 5 ?10%, wheat bran 25% ?30%, gypsum, lime, phosphate fertilizer each 1%, derosal 0.1%.
2. utilize a method for corn cob fermentation material cultivating flammulina velutipes, it comprises following steps:
1), the preparation of culture material, prepare corn cob 60 ?70%, wheat bran 10 ?20%, bagasse 2% ?10%, rice bran 2% ?10%, gypsum, lime, phosphate fertilizer each 1%, derosal 0.1%.Corn cob pulverizer is pulverized, first that lime, phosphate fertilizer, derosal is soluble in water during spice, then stir, finally add other auxiliary materials.
2), composting, fermentation: Compost is become wide 1.1 ?1.3m, high 1.1 ?1.3m, the stockpile that length is not limit, stockpile to loosen as far as possible concentrate.Heap is finished rear wooden stick and is got through pore with going directly bottom even from heap top, pitch-row 20 ?25cm, last upper cover plastic sheeting for farm use is incubated.Start turning when temperature reaches 55 DEG C in expecting, turned over once every 3 days later, turn over 3 times altogether.Loose heap cooling before sowing after fermentation ends, and adjust potential of hydrogen 5.5 ?6 with lime powder.
3), pack sowing: select polyethylene bag.Get out porous plug before sowing, first a porous plug pricked in one end of bag before pack, be sown into fast shape bacterial classification, require that charging limit, limit compresses, reach outer tight in pine, when charging is expired soon, be sown into bacterial classification front cover, finally the porous plug beyond the Great Wall in centre, fastens sack.
4), put up a shed into bacterium: select gobo to be scaffolding material, every 2 meters wide are left a ventilation opening.First sprinkle lime on ground before bacterium bag enters canopy, and sterilize with sulfur fumigation, after bacterium is put into, tight attention heap temperature changes, if temperature is more than 28 DEG C, the heap that fall apart in time is aeration-cooling.General 8 ?within 10 days, turn over and once pile, make to send out bacterium evenly neat.In whole bacteria process, sooner or later want ventilation 1.5 hours.
5), management of producing mushroom: mycelia purseful about 1 week, there is the yellow globule in sack, be fruiting tendency, when after several batches of mushrooms of gathering, material in moisture loss and nutrient consumption serious time, want timely moisturizing, method is that charge level is peelled off 3cm, with bamboo let or reinforcing bar prick 4 ?5 apertures, put into water or nutritive medium (0.3 ?0.4% urea, 0.5 ?1% sucrose, 0.3%-0.5% potassium primary phosphate), soak 12 ?16 hours, make moisture be increased to original weight 80 ?about 90%, bacteria fruiting again.
3. a kind of method utilizing corn cob fermentation material cultivating flammulina velutipes as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that step 1) in corn cob meal is broken to 8 ?10mm size.
4. a kind of method utilizing corn cob fermentation material cultivating flammulina velutipes as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that step 3) in its strain sowing amount be siccative heavy 10%-15%.
CN201410438755.XA 2014-09-01 2014-09-01 Method for cultivating flammulina velutipes by utilizing corncob ferment materials Pending CN104261967A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105016853A (en) * 2015-06-26 2015-11-04 何金霞 Needle mushroom medium and method using medium to cultivate needle mushroom
CN105218244A (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-01-06 济南舜昊生物科技有限公司 A kind of needle mushroom compost and preparation method thereof
CN107434593A (en) * 2016-05-26 2017-12-05 罗旭 Application of the corncob mulberry tree branch in needle mushroom compost is made
CN108377845A (en) * 2018-03-08 2018-08-10 福州市农业科学研究所 A kind of golden mushroom plantation matrix and its cultural method

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1541510A (en) * 2003-04-28 2004-11-03 上海浦东天厨菇业有限公司 Culture medium formula of factory run golden mushroom and its preparation process
CN101993304A (en) * 2009-08-12 2011-03-30 张云松 Needle mushroom proportioning material
CN102850116A (en) * 2012-08-10 2013-01-02 安徽中祝农业发展有限公司 Needle mushroom cultivation medium and preparation method thereof
CN103435401A (en) * 2013-08-13 2013-12-11 郎溪县鑫园食用菌科贸有限公司 Novel needle mushroom fungus bag cultivation base material
CN103535192A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-01-29 齐河县天智食用菌种植专业合作社 Yellow needle mushroom cultivating method
CN103960061A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-08-06 黄秀英 Cultivation method of flammulina velutipes

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1541510A (en) * 2003-04-28 2004-11-03 上海浦东天厨菇业有限公司 Culture medium formula of factory run golden mushroom and its preparation process
CN101993304A (en) * 2009-08-12 2011-03-30 张云松 Needle mushroom proportioning material
CN102850116A (en) * 2012-08-10 2013-01-02 安徽中祝农业发展有限公司 Needle mushroom cultivation medium and preparation method thereof
CN103435401A (en) * 2013-08-13 2013-12-11 郎溪县鑫园食用菌科贸有限公司 Novel needle mushroom fungus bag cultivation base material
CN103535192A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-01-29 齐河县天智食用菌种植专业合作社 Yellow needle mushroom cultivating method
CN103960061A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-08-06 黄秀英 Cultivation method of flammulina velutipes

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105016853A (en) * 2015-06-26 2015-11-04 何金霞 Needle mushroom medium and method using medium to cultivate needle mushroom
CN105218244A (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-01-06 济南舜昊生物科技有限公司 A kind of needle mushroom compost and preparation method thereof
CN107434593A (en) * 2016-05-26 2017-12-05 罗旭 Application of the corncob mulberry tree branch in needle mushroom compost is made
CN108377845A (en) * 2018-03-08 2018-08-10 福州市农业科学研究所 A kind of golden mushroom plantation matrix and its cultural method

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Application publication date: 20150107