CN104261267A - Energy-saving quayside container crane system provided with crossing type double trolleys - Google Patents

Energy-saving quayside container crane system provided with crossing type double trolleys Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104261267A
CN104261267A CN201410535272.1A CN201410535272A CN104261267A CN 104261267 A CN104261267 A CN 104261267A CN 201410535272 A CN201410535272 A CN 201410535272A CN 104261267 A CN104261267 A CN 104261267A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
dolly
potential energy
winding
rope
horizontal
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CN201410535272.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104261267B (en
Inventor
赵迎九
郑雪峰
杜蔚琼
倪华
肖强
皮岩峰
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Huadian Lanke Technology Co.,Ltd.
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Huadian Heavy Industries Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410535272.1A priority Critical patent/CN104261267B/en
Publication of CN104261267A publication Critical patent/CN104261267A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C17/00Overhead travelling cranes comprising one or more substantially horizontal girders the ends of which are directly supported by wheels or rollers running on tracks carried by spaced supports
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C5/00Base supporting structures with legs
    • B66C5/02Fixed or travelling bridges or gantries, i.e. elongated structures of inverted L or of inverted U shape or tripods
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C9/00Travelling gear incorporated in or fitted to trolleys or cranes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C9/00Travelling gear incorporated in or fitted to trolleys or cranes
    • B66C9/10Undercarriages or bogies, e.g. end carriages, end bogies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C2700/00Cranes
    • B66C2700/01General aspects of mobile cranes, overhead travelling cranes, gantry cranes, loading bridges, cranes for building ships on slipways, cranes for foundries or cranes for public works

Abstract

The invention discloses an energy-saving quayside container crane system provided with crossing type double trolleys. The energy-saving quayside container crane system comprises an upper trolley, a lower trolley and potential energy compensation systems, wherein the upper trolley and the lower trolley are mounted on a girder structure; each potential energy compensation system comprises a counterweight, a potential energy compensation winding system and a potential energy compensation steel wire rope, and the potential energy compensation winding system is used for transmitting driving force to lift and drop the counterweight; each potential energy compensation system further comprises a lifting winding drum allowing joint winding of a lifting steel wire rope and the potential energy compensation steel wire rope; the winding positions of each compensation steel wire rope and each lifting steel wire rope on the hoisting winding drum do not interfere with each other and are opposite; and the potential energy compensation systems comprise an upper trolley potential energy compensation winding subsystem and a lower trolley potential energy compensation winding subsystem. According to the system, forward torque generated by dead weight of lifting appliances is offset by backward torque generated by the counterweights, the overall energy consumption of the quayside container crane is reduced, further, one lifting winding drum is shared by each compensation steel wire rope and the corresponding lifting steel wire rope, accordingly, the structure is simplified, the cost is reduced, and rope winding is relatively simple and easy to achieve; and the potential energy compensation systems comprise the upper trolley potential energy compensation winding subsystem and the lower trolley potential energy compensation winding subsystem, so that the lifting appliances of the upper trolley and the lower trolley are compensated respectively.

Description

One passes through the energy-conservation bank bridge system of formula double trolley
Technical field
The present invention relates to one and pass through the energy-conservation bank bridge system of formula double trolley, belong to weight lifting technical field.
Background technology
In the prior art, adopt more mode that multiple dolly runs simultaneously is set in quayside container crane system to improve the dress rate of discharging of quayside container crane; And the operation scheme of formula double trolley is passed through in many employings at present.
As Chinese patent literature CN101323415A discloses a kind of crossing type double trolley bridge type crane, it comprises cart and is arranged on the girder on cart, also comprise: the first loading trolley, first loading trolley comprises load-engaging device, left lobe vehicle frame and right lobe vehicle frame, load-engaging device is hung by the hoist cable that hoists and is hung on left lobe vehicle frame and right lobe vehicle frame, and the upper surface of the load-engaging device of hoist hoist cable and first loading trolley of the first loading trolley surrounds a U-shaped space, left lobe vehicle frame is by the guide rail support be arranged on the left of girder, right lobe vehicle frame is by the guide rail support be arranged on the right side of girder, and second loading trolley, second loading trolley is comprised vehicle frame, is arranged on the swing type mechanism on vehicle frame and is suspended in the load-engaging device on the pivoting part in this swing type mechanism by the hoist cable that hoists, the track supporting the second loading trolley vehicle frame to be arranged on girder and between the guide rail of the left lobe vehicle frame of support first loading trolley and the guide rail of the right lobe vehicle frame of supporting the first loading trolley, the bearing of trend of all guide rails is parallel to each other, and the second loading trolley can pass from described U-shaped space.Namely in this patent documentation, first loading trolley and described second loading trolley can run simultaneously, wherein, in order to avoid interfering therebetween, second loading trolley is rotated by swing type mechanism, be be suspended in carrying apparatus below the second loading trolley and freight container to be walked by original transverse direction and just become longitudinal walking, with the U-shaped space making load-engaging device and freight container get off through the first load-carrying with most minor face, realize the synchronized operation of the first loading trolley and the second loading trolley.
But there is following problem in the crossing type double trolley bridge type crane described in above-mentioned patent documentation: hoist in process at the first loading trolley and the second loading trolley, there is provided the actuating device of the power that hoists except wanting consumed power to promote captured freight container, also need consumed power to promote two carrying apparatus, and when carrying apparatus, actuating device still needs consumed power for the lifting of carrying apparatus, and the driving therefore in this patent documentation consumes larger.
For this reason, the weighing device of prior art a kind of hoisting crane as Chinese patent literature CN103754778 discloses, the weighing device of this hoisting crane comprises balance block, multiplying power assembly pulley, leading sheave group and steel rope, balance block is arranged on the rear of dolly, multiplying power assembly pulley is arranged on crossbeam with on balance block, leading sheave group is arranged in dolly and suspender mechanism, the two ends of steel rope are fixed on front or the rear of dolly, steel rope walks around the leading sheave group in dolly and suspender mechanism, crossbeam and balance block, counter motion is done under the traction of steel rope by balance block and suspender mechanism, balance block prolongs support motion and has balance block anchor fitting.The prior art utilizes balance block can offset the part deadweight of suspender mechanism, makes the deadweight of suspender mechanism no longer consume the extra energy, to reduce the overall energy consumption of hoisting crane.
But, following defect is there is: in the prior art when the weighing device of the prior art hoisting crane is applied to bank bridge system, because the pulley that dolly is arranged walked around by multiplying power assembly pulley by steel rope, and then around the pulley arranged to suspender, therefore, when for bank bridge system, need on dolly and suspender, arrange pulley specially and arrange steel rope specially between little pulley sheave and suspender pulley separately, thus cause bank bridge system complex structure, increase bank bridge system productive costs; In addition, around the steel rope arranged special between dolly and suspender easily and producing for the hoist rope hoisted or decline that dolly is arranged interfere, adding the difficulty that steel rope is arranged, especially when adopting double trolley in hoisting crane or many cars run, thus causing being difficult to realize.
Summary of the invention
For this reason, technical matters to be solved by this invention is that existing bank bridge potential energy charging system complex structure, wiring are complicated, apply to the problem being difficult in double trolley structure realize, thus provide a kind of structure simple, the energy-conservation bank bridge system of formula of passing through double trolley easily realized.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, one of the present invention passes through the energy-conservation bank bridge system of formula double trolley, it comprises and is arranged on upper dolly in crossbeam structure and lower dolly, and potential energy charging system, described potential energy charging system comprises counterbalanced weight, compensates winding system and potential energy compensation steel rope for transmission of drive force with the potential energy making described counterbalanced weight hoist or to decline; Described potential energy charging system also comprises the hoisting drum be jointly wound around for hoist rope and described potential energy compensation steel rope, described potential energy compensates the winding position of steel rope on described hoisting drum does not interfere mutually with the winding position of hoist rope on described hoisting drum, and described potential energy compensation steel rope described hoisting drum around to described hoist rope at described hoisting drum around to contrary; Wherein, described potential energy charging system is divided into dolly potential energy to compensate winding subsystem and lower dolly potential energy compensation winding subsystem two parts.
Described lower dolly potential energy compensates and is wound around subsystem and adopts same second to drive reel for the lower dolly lifting and winding subsystem driving the lower suspender of described lower dolly to hoist and to land, particularly, described lower dolly compensate in sub-winding system for transmission of drive force with counterbalanced weight is hoisted or decline second potential energy compensate steel rope, and in lower dolly lifting and winding subsystem for transmission of drive force with the second hoist rope lower dolly being hoisted or decline jointly be wound in described second drive reel, described second potential energy compensates steel rope and drives the winding position on reel and the second hoist rope to drive the winding position on reel mutually not interfere described second described second, and described second potential energy compensate steel rope second drive on reel around to described second hoist rope described second drive on reel around to contrary.
Described upper dolly potential energy compensates and is wound around subsystem and adopts same first to drive reel for the upper dolly lifting and winding subsystem driving the upper suspender of described upper dolly to hoist and to land, particularly, described upper dolly compensate in sub-winding system for transmission of drive force with counterbalanced weight is hoisted or decline first potential energy compensate steel rope, and in upper dolly lifting and winding subsystem for transmission of drive force with the first hoist rope upper dolly being hoisted or decline jointly be wound in described first drive reel, described first potential energy compensates steel rope and drives the winding position on reel and the first hoist rope to drive the winding position on reel mutually not interfere described first described first, and described first potential energy compensate steel rope first drive on reel around to described first hoist rope described first drive on reel around to contrary.
Described upper dolly lifting and winding subsystem comprises at least one first driving reel, be wrapped at least one the first hoist ropes on the first driving reel, for some first carrying rollers holding up described first hoist rope from bottom to top of level, described first hoist rope is connected on upper dolly by least one group first assembly pulley that alters course; Described lower dolly lifting and winding subsystem comprises at least one second driving reel, be wrapped at least one the second hoist ropes on the second driving reel, for some second carrying rollers holding up described second hoist rope from bottom to top of level, described second hoist rope is connected on lower dolly by least one group second assembly pulley that alters course; Some first carrying rollers are horizontally supported the inner side in crossbeam structure by the first carrier structure, some second carrying rollers are horizontally supported the outside in crossbeam structure by the second carrier structure, and the inner side of horizontal space that the described first horizontal component driving the horizontal component of reel and the first hoist rope to be all arranged on the second hoist rope surrounds.
Described first carrier structure comprises the pars intermedia be connected between the first crossbeam of described crossbeam structure and the second crossbeam, be connected to the horizontal part below described pars intermedia, be connected to first " L " type hook portion and second " L " type hook portion at described horizontal part two ends, the horizontal crochet of described first " L " type hook portion and the horizontal crochet of described second " L " type hook portion support the different units of described first carrying roller respectively.
The horizontal crochet of described first " L " type hook portion and the horizontal crochet of described second " L " type hook portion with mutual back to mode arrange; Wherein said first " L " type hook portion and described second " L " type hook portion are symmetrical arranged about the center line of the length direction of described crossbeam structure.
Described second carrier structure comprise be connected to described crossbeam structure the first crossbeam and the second crossbeam outside the 3rd " L " type hook portion and the 4th " L " type hook portion, the horizontal crochet of described 3rd " L " type hook portion and the horizontal crochet of described 4th " L " type hook portion support the different units of described second carrying roller respectively.
The horizontal crochet of described 3rd " L " type hook portion and the described horizontal crochet of described 4th " L " type hook portion with mutual back to mode arrange; Wherein said 3rd " L " type hook portion and described 4th " L " type hook portion are symmetrical arranged about the center line of the length direction of described crossbeam structure.
The upper dolly traction also comprised for driving upper dolly to draw is wound around subsystem and the lower dolly traction for driving lower dolly to draw is wound around subsystem.
Described lower dolly comprises the first traveling gear and second traveling gear that can be arranged on vehicle guide both sides with walking, and by the rigid-frame that described first traveling gear is connected with described second traveling gear, and is connected to the lower suspender below described rigid-frame; Described rigid-frame has inner cavity size and is greater than the physical dimension of dolly and with the structure space passed for described upper dolly, described lower dolly meets the following conditions: the balancing torque Σ Ms that the gravity of described lower dolly causes is greater than the capsizing moment Σ Mo of the horizontal inertial force of described lower dolly.
Described rigid-frame comprises two vertical stand and a suspender carrier bar; Two described vertical stand are connected with described first traveling gear and described second traveling gear, and described suspender is connected to immediately below described suspender carrier bar; U-shaped described structure space is formed between two described vertical stand and described suspender carrier bar.
The lateral surface of described first traveling gear and described second traveling gear is connected to the upper end inwall of described vertical stand, and the steel wheel malleation of described first traveling gear and described second traveling gear is on the 3rd guide rail and described 4th guide rail of correspondence.
The computing formula of described balancing torque Σ Ms is: Σ Ms=G lower dollyl lower dolly+ G hang and carryl hang and carry; The computing formula of described capsizing moment Σ Mo is: Σ Mo=F lower dolly force of inertial the lower dolly inertia arm of force+ F wind loadl wind load the arm of force+ F steel rope deflecting forcel the steel rope deflection arm of force.
Also be provided with fender guard; described fender guard comprises the oil cylinder mechanism be located in described crossbeam structure; described oil cylinder mechanism can be connected with the changed course assembly pulley rising steel rope being wound with described upper dolly and described lower dolly respectively, to make described hoist rope relax by corresponding changed course assembly pulley.
Also comprise preventing described lower dolly from the first anti-bias structure of left and right skew occurring; Described first anti-bias structure comprises the first horizontal guide sheave outside the steel wheel being located at described first traveling gear, and the second horizontal guide sheave outside the steel wheel being located at described second traveling gear; When described lower dolly offsets left, the outside that described first horizontal guide sheave is pressed on described first guide rail offsets left to stop the steel wheel of described first traveling gear; When described lower dolly offsets to the right, the outside that described second horizontal guide sheave is pressed on described second guide rail offsets to the right to stop the steel wheel of described second traveling gear.
Also comprise preventing described upper dolly from the second anti-bias structure of left and right skew occurring; Described second anti-bias structure comprises three horizontal guide sheave of steel wheel away from described first guide rail side that the third line being located at described upper dolly walks mechanism, and the fourth line being located at described upper dolly walks four horizontal guide sheave of steel wheel away from described second guide rail side of mechanism; When described upper dolly offsets left, the outside that described 4th horizontal guide sheave is pressed on described second guide rail offsets left with the steel wheel stoping described fourth line and walk mechanism; When described upper dolly offsets to the right, the outside that described 3rd horizontal guide sheave is pressed on described first guide rail offsets to the right with the steel wheel stoping described the third line and walk mechanism.
Technique scheme of the present invention has the following advantages compared to existing technology:
1, in the present invention, compensate steel rope by hoist rope and potential energy to be jointly wrapped on hoisting drum, described potential energy compensates the winding position of steel rope on described hoisting drum and the winding position of hoist rope on described hoisting drum is not interfered mutually, and described potential energy compensate steel rope described hoisting drum around to described hoist rope on described hoisting drum around to contrary, by above setting, the forward torque that the deadweight that the opposing torque that make use of counterbalanced weight generation offsets described dolly suspender produces, thus make hoisting drum only for promoting freight container and consumed power, the deadweight of dolly suspender is made no longer to consume the extra energy, thus reduce the overall energy consumption of bank bridge, and compensate steel rope and the shared hoisting drum of hoist rope by potential energy, eliminate the special setting driving potential energy to compensate the driving reel of steel rope, simplify the structure, reduce cost, wiring also becomes relatively simple, easy realization, and described potential energy charging system is divided into dolly potential energy to compensate winding subsystem and lower dolly potential energy compensates winding subsystem two parts, to realize the compensation respectively to the upper suspender of described upper dolly and the lower suspender of described lower dolly.
2, in the present invention, some first carrying rollers are horizontally supported the inner side in crossbeam structure by the first carrier structure, some second carrying rollers are horizontally supported the outside in crossbeam structure by the second carrier structure, thus make dolly lifting and winding subsystem and lower dolly lifting and winding subsystem be supported on the inside and outside both sides of crossbeam structure respectively, when carrying out hoisting and declining, hoist in the inner side and outer side of crossbeam respectively, mutual interference can not be produced, and the inner side of the horizontal space that the described first horizontal component driving the horizontal component of reel and the first hoist rope to be all arranged on the second hoist rope surrounds, such layout not only makes dolly lifting and winding subsystem and lower dolly lifting and winding subsystem mutually to interfere, and it is spatially compacter, what dolly lifting and winding subsystem and lower dolly lifting and winding subsystem in limited space were arranged is more reasonable.
3, in the present invention, described lower dolly connects suspender by described rigid-frame, that is described lower dolly described first traveling gear and between described second traveling gear and described suspender for being rigidly connected; And the internal diameter of the described structure space of described rigid-frame is greater than the maximum outside diameter of described upper dolly, like this, described upper dolly without the need to rotating, can directly pass in operational process; Simultaneously, under the balancing torque Σ Ms caused at the gravity of described lower dolly is greater than the condition of the capsizing moment Σ Mo of the horizontal inertial force of described lower dolly, overcome the described capsizing moment Σ Mo caused by wind load or other reasons under the effect of balancing torque described in described lower dolly, make described lower dolly remain steady at operational process; Like this, in the motion process of described lower dolly, described suspender and the freight container captured thereof are less likely to occur to rock, can slide by pulsation-free, not only reduce described wearing and tearing between first, second traveling gear and described crossbeam structure, and relatively rocking walking, the coasting speed power that is faster or that consume of steadily walking is less, improves the dress rate of discharging of whole bank bridge system; Meanwhile, smooth running rocks operation relatively, improves Ministry of State Security, and potential safety hazard is less.
4, in the present invention, in order to ensure that described suspender can extract freight container accurately, the position that other suspenders needing the described suspender on described lower dolly to decline can to arrive described crossbeam structure can reach, like this, an arbitrary suspender can both extract the freight container of same position after declining; Simultaneously, the described structure space of rigid circumference wall is formed between two described vertical stand and described suspender carrier bar, that is in operational process, the bulk of described structure space remains constant, like this, the upper dolly in described crossbeam structure can pass described structure space smoothly all the time in operational process.
5, in the present invention, described first traveling gear and described second traveling gear adopt malleation mode to be arranged on described first guide rail and described second guide rail, and the further malleation of described connecting portion is on described first traveling gear and described second traveling gear; That is, described lower dolly entirety is on the first guide rail described in reversely hung Yong malleation and described second guide rail, like this, can by described first traveling gear and described second traveling gear steadily and be arranged on corresponding guide rail accurately, and skew can not occur or tilt, thus traveling gear is enable to drive described lower dolly steadily to walk smoothly in described crossbeam structure.
6, in the present invention, when described suspender captures freight container, freight container may collide with steamer or other objects, and in leaching process, described hoist rope is in tight state, the power that like this collision can be produced or moment are delivered on described bank bridge construction, and then the agent structure of opposite bank bridge produces infringement; Therefore in order to avoid this kind of infringement; bank bridge agent structure arranges a described fender guard; like this when freight container collides; described oil cylinder mechanism unloading; and by described changed course pulley, described hoist rope is relaxed; the power that collision is produced or moment can not be delivered in bank bridge agent structure, thus realize the protection of opposite bank bridge main body.
7, in the present invention, in the normal course of operation of described lower dolly, described first horizontal guide sheave and there is certain interval between described second horizontal guide sheave and corresponding guide rail; When there is skew left in described lower dolly, gap between described first horizontal guide sheave and described 3rd guide rail disappears, and described first horizontal guide sheave is pressed on the outside of described 3rd guide rail, thus prevent the steel wheel of described first traveling gear of described lower dolly from offseting left, and then prevent described lower dolly entirety from offseting; When there is skew to the right in described lower dolly, gap between described second horizontal guide sheave and described 4th guide rail disappears, and described second horizontal guide sheave is pressed on the outside of described 4th guide rail, thus prevent the steel wheel of described second traveling gear of described lower dolly from offseting to the right, and then prevent described lower dolly entirety from offseting; Meanwhile, this kind is arranged can also avoid described lower trolley travelling process to cause the steel wheel of traveling gear to gnaw the phenomenon of rail because of described rigid-frame generation deflection, and can also prevent described lower dolly from toppling.
8, in the present invention, on described dolly normal course of operation in, there is certain interval between horizontal guide sheave and corresponding guide rail in described 3rd horizontal guide sheave and the described 4th; When there is skew left in described upper dolly, gap between described 4th horizontal guide sheave and described second guide rail disappears, and described 4th horizontal guide sheave is pressed on the outside of described second guide rail, thus the steel wheel preventing the described fourth line of described upper dolly from walking mechanism offsets, and then prevent described upper dolly entirety from offseting left; When there is skew to the right in described upper dolly, gap between described 3rd horizontal guide sheave and described first guide rail disappears, and described 3rd horizontal guide sheave is pressed on the outside of described first guide rail, thus the steel wheel preventing described the third line of described upper dolly from walking mechanism offsets, and then prevent described upper dolly entirety from offseting to the right; Meanwhile, this kind is arranged can also avoid described upper trolley travelling process to cause the steel wheel of traveling gear to gnaw the phenomenon of rail because of described rigid-frame generation deflection, and can prevent described upper dolly from toppling to a certain extent.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to make content of the present invention be more likely to be clearly understood, below according to a particular embodiment of the invention and by reference to the accompanying drawings, the present invention is further detailed explanation, wherein
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of lower dolly lifting and winding subsystem in embodiments of the invention 1;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram that in embodiments of the invention 1, lower dolly traction is wound around subsystem;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of upper dolly lifting and winding subsystem in embodiments of the invention 1;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram that in embodiments of the invention 1, upper dolly traction is wound around subsystem;
Fig. 5 is the upper concrete canoe of dolly lifting and winding subsystem on upper dolly in embodiments of the invention 1;
Fig. 6 is the lower concrete canoe of dolly lifting and winding subsystem on lower dolly in embodiments of the invention 1;
Fig. 7 is crossbeam structure and lower dolly fit structure schematic diagram in embodiments of the invention 1;
Fig. 8 is the first carrier structure and the second carrier structure setting position figure on crossbeam in embodiments of the invention 1;
Fig. 9 be upper dolly lifting and winding subsystem of the present invention with lower dolly lifting and winding subsystem coordinate schematic diagram;
Figure 10 is the structural representation of potential energy charging system in the embodiment of the present invention 2;
Figure 11 is the structural representation of potential energy charging system in the embodiment of the present invention 3;
Figure 12 is the structural representation of potential energy charging system in the embodiment of the present invention 4;
Figure 13 is that counterbalanced weight of the present invention and potential energy compensation winding system coordinate three-dimensional structure diagram with land heel post casing;
Figure 14 is the front view of Figure 13;
Figure 15 is the cutaway view along A-A line in Figure 13;
Figure 16 is the structural representation of upper and lower dolly energy-saving compensated system in the embodiment of the present invention 5.
Figure 17 of the present inventionly passes through formula double trolley energy-conservation bank bridge system schematic diagram;
Figure 18 is crossbeam structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 19 is the first anti-bias structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 20 is the second anti-bias structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 21 is energy-conservation bank bridge system schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 22 is two three drawbar structure integral structure schematic diagrams of the present invention;
Figure 23 is two three drawbar structure part-structure enlarged drawings of the present invention;
Figure 24 is that two three drawbar structures of the present invention are at the large arm stowed position constitution diagram that protracts;
Figure 25 is that two three drawbar structures of the present invention are at the large arm flat position constitution diagram that protracts;
Figure 26 is luffing structure schematic diagram in two three drawbar structures of the present invention;
Figure 27 is transversal translation system schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 28 is hydraulic ram and steel rope guide frame front view in transversal translation system of the present invention;
Figure 29 is hydraulic ram and steel rope guide frame birds-eye view in transversal translation system of the present invention;
Figure 30 is the cutaway view of steel rope guiding in transversal translation system of the present invention;
Figure 31 is the birds-eye view of steel rope guide frame in transversal translation system of the present invention;
In figure, Reference numeral is expressed as: k10-first drives reel; K11-first hoist rope; K12-first carrying roller; K14-first horizontally redirectional assembly pulley; K15-First Transition assembly pulley; K161-first pulley; K162-second pulley; K163-the 3rd pulley; K20-second drives reel; K21-second hoist rope; K22-second carrying roller; K24-second horizontally redirectional assembly pulley; K25-second transition assembly pulley; K261-the 4th pulley; K262-the 5th pulley; K263-the 6th pulley; K264-the 7th pulley; K265-the 8th pulley; K267-the 9th pulley; The upper dolly of k40-; The upper suspender of k60-; Dolly under k70-; Suspender under k80-; K90-wire clamp; K300-drives reel; 400k-first haulage cable group; K800-second haulage cable group; K500-traction changed course assembly pulley; K900-the 3rd draws changed course pulley; K1200-the 3rd haulage cable group; K1400-the 4th haulage cable group; K1600-dead sheave; S1-first crossbeam; S2-second crossbeam; S3-first guide rail; S4-second guide rail; S5-the 3rd guide rail; S6-the 4th guide rail; S7-rigid support; S8-structure space; S9-loading plate; S10-pressing plate; S12-first traveling gear; S29-second traveling gear; S31-first horizontal guide sheave; S32-second horizontal guide sheave; S33-the 3rd horizontal guide sheave; S34-the 4th horizontal guide sheave; The vertical stay bearing plate of s01-; M1-the 3rd " L " type hook portion; M2-the 4th " L " type hook portion; N1-first " L " type hook portion; N2-second " L " type hook portion; Q1-horizontal part; A1-hoisting drum, a3-potential energy compensates steel rope; A4-potential energy compensates winding system; A5-counterbalanced weight; A6-dolly suspender; A7-hoist rope; A8-first drum rope groove; A9-second drum rope groove; A10-lower sheave; A11-top sheave; A12-steel rope; A13-alters course pulley; A14-chute; A15-guide rail; A16-fueling injection equipment; A17-oil drain pan; A18-bank portal leg; A19-first hoisting drum; A20-second hoisting drum; C1-protracts large arm; C2-portal-framed structure; C3-ladder frame; The left duplex pull rod of c4-; The right duplex pull rod of c5-; The right duplex pull rod of c6-; C7-hinge; C8-drives reel; C9-alters course assembly pulley; C10-dead sheave group; C11-steel rope; C12-monolithic pulley; Large arm is stretched after c13-; C14-machine room; C15-protracts large arm latch-up structure; C41, c61, c51-node; B2-steel rope; B4-expansion link; B5-space; B6-first position-limited lever; B7-second position-limited lever; B8-support; B9-open-work; B10-first pivot; B11-first pivot hole; B12-second pivot; B13-second pivot hole; B14-hydraulic actuating cylinder; B16-hydraulic cylinder base; B17-steel rope guide frame.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in detail.Should be understood that, detailed description of the invention described herein, only for instruction and explanation of the present invention, is not limited to the present invention.
One of the present invention passes through the energy-conservation bank bridge system of formula double trolley, it comprises and is arranged on upper dolly in crossbeam structure and lower dolly, and potential energy charging system, described potential energy charging system comprises counterbalanced weight, compensates winding system and potential energy compensation steel rope for transmission of drive force with the potential energy making described counterbalanced weight hoist or to decline; Described potential energy charging system also comprises the hoisting drum be jointly wound around for hoist rope and described potential energy compensation steel rope, described potential energy compensates the winding position of steel rope on described hoisting drum does not interfere mutually with the winding position of hoist rope on described hoisting drum, and described potential energy compensation steel rope described hoisting drum around to described hoist rope at described hoisting drum around to contrary; Wherein, described potential energy charging system is divided into dolly potential energy to compensate winding subsystem and lower dolly potential energy compensation winding subsystem two parts.
Embodiment 1
The present embodiment provides and can be used for a kind of winding system passing through upper and lower dolly in the energy-conservation bank bridge system of formula double trolley, pass through formula double trolley and bank bridge with the use of in, this winding system can be used.Particularly, this winding system is suitable for being used in following crossbeam structure, and as shown in Fig. 7, Fig. 8 and Figure 21, described crossbeam structure comprises the first crossbeam s1 and the second crossbeam s2 that be arranged in parallel, the relative inner of described first crossbeam s1 and described second crossbeam s2 is provided with the first guide rail s3 and the second guide rail s4, and described first guide rail s3 and described second guide rail s4 forms the first guide rail structure that the upper dolly k40 of supporting runs jointly, the outside of described first crossbeam s1 and the outside of described second crossbeam s2 are provided with the 3rd guide rail s5 and the 4th guide rail s6, 3rd guide rail s5 and the 4th guide rail s6 forms the second guide rail structure that the lower dolly k70 of supporting runs jointly, dolly k70 is wherein descended to have rigid support, also be, first walking structure being positioned at crossbeam structure both sides of lower dolly k70 is connected by rigid support s7 with the second walking structure, make stress balance between described first traveling gear s12 and described second traveling gear s29, thus prevent described first traveling gear s12 and described second traveling gear s29 from deviating from described 3rd guide rail s5 and described 4th guide rail s6.
Wherein, described rigid support s7 is U-shaped structure, and two vertical stand of described U-shaped structure are connected with described first walking structure and described second walking structure respectively, and the structure space s8 of described U-shaped structure is used for passing for described upper dolly k40.Namely realize being rigidly connected by described U-shaped structure between described first walking structure and described second walking structure; And described U-shaped structure has the structure space s8 passed for described upper dolly k40, because described U-shaped structure is rigid construction, like this, described in operational process, the size of structure space s8 remains constant, thus prevent from interfering between described U-shaped structure and described upper dolly, ensure that described upper dolly can pass described structure space s8 smoothly all the time in operational process.
In addition, as shown in Figure 8, crossbeam structure is also provided with the first carrier structure for supporting upper dolly lifting and winding subsystem, and for supporting the second carrier structure of lower dolly lifting and winding subsystem.Particularly, described first carrier structure comprises the pars intermedia be connected between the first crossbeam s1 of described crossbeam structure and the second crossbeam s2, be connected to the horizontal part q1 below described pars intermedia, be connected to first " L " type hook portion n1 and second " L " type hook portion n2 at described horizontal part q1 two ends, the horizontal crochet of described first " L " type hook portion and the horizontal crochet of described second " L " type hook portion support the different units of described first carrying roller k12 respectively.
Described second carrier structure comprise be connected to described crossbeam structure the first crossbeam s1 and the second crossbeam s2 outside the 3rd " L " type hook portion m1 and the 4th " L " type hook portion m2, the horizontal crochet of described 3rd " L " type hook portion and the horizontal crochet of described 4th " L " type hook portion support the different units of described second carrying roller k22 respectively.
Wherein, preferably the horizontal crochet of described first " L " type hook portion n1 and the horizontal crochet of described second " L " type hook portion n2 with mutual back to mode arrange; Wherein said first " L " type hook portion n1 and described second " L " type hook portion n2 is symmetrical arranged about the center line of the length direction of described crossbeam structure; The horizontal crochet of described 3rd " L " type hook portion m1 and the described horizontal crochet of described 4th " L " type hook portion m2 with mutual back to mode arrange; Wherein said 3rd " L " type hook portion m1 and described 4th " L " type hook portion m2 is symmetrical arranged about the center line of the length direction of described crossbeam structure; Wherein, the horizontal crochet of described first " L " type hook portion n1, described second " L " type hook portion n2, described 3rd " L " type hook portion m1 and described 4th " L " type hook portion m2 is provided with multiple carrying roller, and the carrying roller of introversion is for holding up corresponding haulage cable, export-oriented carrying roller is for holding up corresponding hoist rope, the described upper dolly haulage cable can guaranteeing like this to be symmetrical set, hoist rope group and described lower dolly haulage cable, hoist rope group s20 can interfere scarcely, make the trouble-free operation of described lower dolly k70.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing 1-6 and Fig. 9, dolly winding system upper and lower in the present embodiment is specifically described, the upper dolly traction that the winding system of dolly up and down of the present embodiment comprises for driving upper dolly to draw is wound around subsystem, the lower dolly traction of drawing for driving lower dolly is wound around subsystem, the upper dolly lifting and winding subsystem hoisting for driving upper dolly and land, and for the lower dolly lifting and winding subsystem driving lower dolly to hoist and to land, described upper dolly lifting and winding subsystem comprises at least one first driving reel k10, be wrapped at least one the first hoist rope k11 on the first driving reel k10, for the some first carrying roller k12 holding up described first hoist rope k11 from bottom to top of level, described first hoist rope k11 is connected on upper dolly k40 by least one group first assembly pulley that alters course, described lower dolly lifting and winding subsystem comprises at least one second driving reel k20, be wrapped at least one the second hoist rope k21 on the second driving reel k20, for the some second carrying roller k22 holding up described second hoist rope k21 from bottom to top of level, described second hoist rope k21 is connected on lower dolly k70 by least one group second assembly pulley that alters course, some first carrying roller k12 are horizontally supported the inner side in crossbeam structure by the first carrier structure, some second carrying roller k22 are horizontally supported the outside in crossbeam structure by the second carrier structure, and the inner side of horizontal space that the described first horizontal component driving the horizontal component of reel k10 and the first hoist rope k11 to be all arranged on the second hoist rope k21 surrounds, as shown in Figure 9.
Above-mentioned winding system, as shown in Figure 9, some first carrying roller k11 are horizontally supported the inner side in crossbeam structure by the first carrier structure, some second carrying roller k21 are horizontally supported the outside in crossbeam structure by the second carrier structure, thus make dolly lifting and winding subsystem and lower dolly lifting and winding subsystem be supported on the inside and outside both sides of crossbeam structure respectively, when carrying out hoisting and declining, hoist in the inner side and outer side of crossbeam respectively, mutual interference can not be produced, and the inner side of the horizontal space that the described first horizontal component driving the horizontal component of reel k10 and the first hoist rope k11 to be all arranged on the second hoist rope k21 surrounds, such layout not only makes dolly lifting and winding subsystem and lower dolly lifting and winding subsystem mutually to interfere, and it is spatially compacter, what dolly lifting and winding subsystem and lower dolly lifting and winding subsystem in limited space were arranged is more reasonable, and, as can be seen from Figure, get on or off the bus after being wound around, be positioned at the structure space s8 (internal structural space of the also i.e. framework formation of rigid support s7) of the rigid support s7 of lower dolly k70 completely, thus double trolley can not interfere when passing through.
Subsystem is wound around to what mention in the present embodiment for the upper dolly traction driving upper dolly to draw below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the lower dolly traction of drawing for driving lower dolly is wound around subsystem, hoists and the upper pulley of dolly lifting and winding subsystem that lands and the concrete canoe of steel rope illustrate respectively for driving upper dolly.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 5, the described first changed course assembly pulley of the upper dolly lifting and winding subsystem in the present embodiment comprises the first horizontally redirectional assembly pulley k14 be fixedly installed, described first horizontally redirectional assembly pulley k14 drives reel k10 to arrange near described first, driving the level of the external part of reel k10 to move towards for changing the first hoist rope k11 from described first, making described first hoist rope k11 towards the direction horizontal-extending of described upper dolly k40.
Above-mentioned first horizontally redirectional assembly pulley k14 is arranged so that the direction horizontal-extending of described first hoist rope k11 towards described upper dolly k40, not only be convenient to the first hoist rope k11 be wound around towards the direction of upper dolly k40, but also the horizontal-extending length of lifting winding system can be reduced, make whole system compacter in the horizontal direction.
Described first changed course assembly pulley also comprises the First Transition assembly pulley k15 be fixedly installed between described first driving reel k10 and described first horizontally redirectional assembly pulley k14, described First Transition assembly pulley k15 by the external part coming from the first hoist rope k11 of the first driving reel k10 be greater than 90 degree and the traction angle being less than 180 degree to described first horizontally redirectional assembly pulley k14, draw with the angle of 120 degree in the present embodiment, but 100 degree, 125 degree, 130 degree, 150 degree etc. can also be adopted.
The setting of above-mentioned transition assembly pulley k15, extends towards horizontal direction after making the first hoist rope k11 stretched out from the first changed course assembly pulley can reduce height again, thus makes whole system compacter in the height direction.
Described first changed course assembly pulley also comprises and is arranged on described upper dolly k40 alter course assembly pulley vertical with first on upper suspender k60, described first vertically alters course assembly pulley for changing the trend coming from the external part of described first horizontally redirectional assembly pulley k14 of described first hoist rope k11, it is made to extend on described upper suspender k60, particularly, described first vertically changed course assembly pulley comprise and be arranged on dolly k40 two the first pulley k161 in a distance and the second pulley k162, and the 3rd pulley k163 be arranged on described upper suspender k60, as shown in Figure 5, described 3rd pulley is upper and lower two groups, divide the both sides being up and down located at dolly k40, described second pulley k162 compared with described first pulley k161 more away from described first horizontally redirectional assembly pulley k14, the external part coming from described first horizontally redirectional assembly pulley k14 of described first hoist rope k11 first walks around the second pulley k162, walk around described first pulley k161 again, then walk around on the 3rd pulley k163 of the upper and lower being positioned at dolly k40 successively, finally be connected on described upper dolly k40.
By the setting of above-mentioned each group of changed course pulley, not only change the level trend of the first hoist rope k11, have also been changed the trend of the vertical direction of the first hoist rope k11, make it final not by being wrapped on upper dolly k40 of interfering.
As shown in Figure 4, the described upper dolly traction of the present embodiment is wound around subsystem and comprises driving reel k600, the 3rd haulage cable group k1200 on described driving reel k600 is wrapped in along first direction, the 4th haulage cable group k1400 on described driving reel k600 is wrapped in along the second direction contrary with first direction, described 3rd haulage cable group k1200 is through at least one group of traction changed course assembly pulley k900, be wrapped on dead sheave k1600, and then winding is on first side of upper dolly k40, the winding of described 3rd haulage cable group k1200 and described first hoist rope k11 on described on dolly is not interfered mutually, described 4th haulage cable group k1200 is also at least through one group of traction changed course assembly pulley k900, be wrapped on dead sheave k1600, and then winding is on second side of upper dolly k40, second side is oppositely arranged with the first side, described 3rd haulage cable group k1200, the winding of described 4th haulage cable group k1400 and described first hoist rope k11 on described on dolly is not all interfered mutually.
Particularly, first hoist rope k10 of upper dolly is wrapped on the left and right side of dolly k40,3rd haulage cable group k1200 and the 4th haulage cable group k1400 of upper dolly are wrapped in the upper and lower side of dolly, thus the steel rope making dolly draw winding subsystem and upper dolly lifting and winding subsystem acts on dolly simultaneously, and mutually can not interfere, mechanism be run more smooth and easy and mechanism is compacter.
As shown in figures 1 to 6, second changed course assembly pulley of the lower dolly lifting and winding subsystem in the present embodiment comprises the second horizontally redirectional assembly pulley k24 be fixedly installed, described second horizontally redirectional assembly pulley k24 drives reel k20 to arrange near described second, driving the level of the external part of reel k20 to move towards for changing the second hoist rope k21 from described second, making described second hoist rope k21 towards the direction horizontal-extending of described lower dolly k70.
Described second changed course assembly pulley also comprises and is fixedly installed on described second and drives the second transition assembly pulley k25 between reel k20 and described second horizontally redirectional assembly pulley k24, described second transition assembly pulley k25 by the external part coming from the second hoist rope k21 of the second driving reel k20 be greater than 90 degree and the traction angle being less than 180 degree to described second horizontally redirectional assembly pulley k24.
Described second changed course assembly pulley also comprises and is arranged on described lower dolly k70 alter course assembly pulley vertical with second on lower suspender k80, described second vertically alters course assembly pulley for changing the trend coming from the external part of described second horizontally redirectional assembly pulley k24 of described second hoist rope k21, makes it extend on described lower suspender k80.Described second vertically changed course assembly pulley k26 comprise be arranged on lower dolly k70 top two the 4th pulley k261 in a distance and the 5th pulley k262, be arranged on the 9th pulley 267 on described lower dolly k70 top, be arranged on level bottom lower dolly the 6th pulley k263 in a distance and the 7th pulley k264, and be arranged on the 8th pulley k265 on described lower suspender k80 top, described 5th pulley k262 compared with described 4th pulley k261 more away from described second horizontally redirectional assembly pulley k24, the external part coming from described second horizontally redirectional assembly pulley k24 of described second hoist rope k21 first walks around the 5th pulley k262, walk around described 4th pulley k261 again, then the 9th pulley 267 and the 6th pulley k263 and the 7th pulley k264 is walked around, and stretch out from the bottom of described lower dolly k70 from the bottom of described upper dolly k40 through and around described 8th pulley k265.
By the setting of above-mentioned each group of changed course pulley, not only change the level trend of the second hoist rope k21, have also been changed the trend of the vertical direction of the second hoist rope k21, make it final not by dolly k70 under being wrapped in of interfering.
Described 6th pulley k263 and the 7th pulley k264 is along the bottom radial direction arrangement of described lower dolly k70, the part projection in the horizontal plane that described second hoist rope k21 is wrapped in the 6th pulley k263 is positioned at the radial outside that described second hoist rope k21 is wrapped in the part projection in the horizontal plane of the 7th pulley k264, thus make the position of lower suspender k80 and upper suspender k60 can be just right, make suspender capture the position of freight container identical.
Described 4th pulley k261, the 5th pulley k262, the 6th pulley k263, the 7th pulley k264 and the 9th pulley k267 are all arranged on the rigid support s7 of described lower dolly k70, described upper dolly k40 and upper suspender k60 projection in the horizontal plane are all positioned at the inside of described rigid support k100, and do not overlap with the sidewall of described rigid support s7.
This kind is arranged so that lower dolly hoists in process, and the second hoist rope k21 there will not be the phenomenons such as swing, spring, makes lower dolly k70 can smooth running, and the upper dolly carrying out passing from the cavity of rigid support can not interfere with lower dolly.
As shown in Figure 2, described lower dolly traction is wound around subsystem and comprises driving reel k300, the first haulage cable group k400 on described driving reel k300 is wrapped in along first direction, the second haulage cable group k800 on described driving reel k300 is wrapped in along the second direction contrary with first direction, described first haulage cable group k400 alters course assembly pulley k500 winding on the first side of lower dolly through at least one group of traction, described first haulage cable group k400 and the winding of described second hoist rope k21 on described lower dolly are not interfered mutually, described second haulage cable group k800 also at least alters course assembly pulley k500 winding on second side relative with the first side of lower dolly through one group of traction, described first haulage cable group k400, described second haulage cable group k800 and the winding of described second hoist rope k21 on described lower dolly are not all interfered mutually.
Particularly, second hoist rope k21 of lower dolly is wrapped on the left and right side of lower dolly k70, first haulage cable group k400 and the second haulage cable group k800 of lower dolly are wrapped in the upper and lower side of lower dolly, thus the steel rope making lower dolly draw winding subsystem and lower dolly lifting and winding subsystem acts on lower dolly simultaneously, and mutually can not interfere, mechanism be run more smooth and easy and mechanism is compacter.
Descend dolly lifting and winding subsystem to comprise horizontal arrangement as described in Figure and synchronously driven lower dolly first lifting and winding subsystem and lower dolly second lifting and winding subsystem, lower dolly first lifting and winding subsystem and lower dolly second lifting and winding subsystem are symmetricly set on the both sides of described lower dolly k70.Described lower dolly first lifting and winding subsystem is connected by wire clamp k90 with the horizontal component of the second hoist rope k21 be not wrapped on the second driving reel k20 of described lower dolly second lifting and winding subsystem.
Described lower dolly lifting and winding subsystem comprises horizontal arrangement and synchronously driven lower dolly first lifting and winding subsystem and lower dolly second lifting and winding subsystem, lower dolly first lifting and winding subsystem and lower dolly second lifting and winding subsystem are symmetricly set on the both sides of described lower dolly, and such set-up mode makes lower dolly and lower suspender hoisting and more steady in descent.
It should be noted that, the driving reel described in the present embodiment, hoist rope, changed course pulley all can need to arrange many groups according to use, thus is convenient to the stability improving system cloud gray model.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 10, the present embodiment provides a kind of potential energy charging system passed through in the energy-conservation bank bridge system of formula double trolley, comprises counterbalanced weight a5, potential energy compensates winding system a4 and potential energy compensates steel rope a3.
Wherein, the lower end that described potential energy compensates winding system a4 connects described counterbalanced weight a5, for transmission of drive force to make described counterbalanced weight a5 rise or to decline; Described potential energy compensates steel rope a3 one end and is connected to the upper end that described potential energy compensates winding system a4, the other end is suitable for being connected with drive force source, compensate winding system a4 action for transmitting described propulsive effort to make described potential energy, thus make described counterbalanced weight a5 increase or decline.
The potential energy charging system of the present embodiment also comprises the hoisting drum a1 be jointly wound around for hoist rope a7 and described potential energy compensation steel rope a3, described hoist rope a7 one ends wound is on described hoisting drum a1, one end connects dolly suspender a6, for transmitting the propulsive effort of described hoisting drum a1, making described dolly suspender a6 increase or declining; Described potential energy compensates the winding position of steel rope a3 on described hoisting drum a1 does not interfere mutually with the winding position of described hoist rope a3 on described hoisting drum a1, and described potential energy compensation steel rope a3 described hoisting drum a1 around to described hoist rope a7 at described hoisting drum a1 around to contrary.
In use, when described hoisting drum a1 rotates forward, described dolly suspender a6 pulls described hoist rope a7 to decline, and described counterbalanced weight a5 compensates steel rope a3 and described potential energy at described potential energy and compensates energy storage of rising under winding system a4 draws; When described hoisting drum a1 reverses, described counterbalanced weight a5 pulls described potential energy to compensate steel rope a3 and described potential energy compensation winding system a4 decline releases energy, and described dolly suspender a6 rises under described hoist rope a7 draws; Or as the alternative form of one, when described hoisting drum a1 reverses, described dolly suspender a6 pulls described hoist rope a7 to decline, described counterbalanced weight a5 compensates steel rope a3 and described potential energy at described potential energy and compensates energy storage of rising under winding system a4 draws; When described hoisting drum a1 rotates forward, described counterbalanced weight a5 pulls described potential energy to compensate steel rope a3 and described potential energy compensation winding system a4 decline releases energy, and described dolly suspender a6 rises under described hoist rope a7 draws.
The potential energy charging system of the present embodiment is by sharing the ingehious design of a hoisting drum with dolly suspender, eliminate the special driving reel arranged in potential energy charging system, and also without the need to arranging the pulley and steel rope that coordinate with potential energy charging system specially on dolly suspender, structure is simple, productive costs reduces greatly, and steel rope arranges do not have difficulty, easily realizes.
In the present embodiment, described counterbalanced weight a5 compensates winding system a4 and described potential energy by described potential energy and compensates steel rope a3 to act on the torque of described hoisting drum a1 equal with the torque that described dolly suspender a6 acts on described hoisting drum a1 by described hoist rope a7.Arranged by this kind, described counterbalanced weight a5 can balance the weight of described dolly suspender a6, thus when freight container hoists, the power of the lifting electric motor in machine room only needs consumed power for the lifting of freight container, and without the need to being used for the lifting of suspender in consumed power.
Described hoisting drum a1 is provided with and compensates the first drum rope groove a8 that steel rope a3 is wound around and the second drum rope groove a9 be wound around for described hoist rope a7 for described potential energy, and described first drum rope groove a8 and described second drum rope groove a9 arranges along described hoisting drum a1 axially spaced-apart.When counterbalanced weight rising energy storage, potential energy compensates steel rope a3 to be increased along the described first drum rope groove a8 winding number of turn, and described dolly suspender declines, and hoist rope is wound around the number of turn along described second drum rope groove a9 to be reduced.
In the present embodiment, described first drum rope groove a8 and the second adjacent drum rope groove a9 can also partially overlap, namely during counterbalanced weight rising energy storage, potential energy compensates steel rope a3 and is wound around along the first drum rope groove a8, and the winding number of turn increased at least partly is wrapped in the first drum rope groove a8 intersection, and this intersection hoist rope winding number of turn is just eliminated in along with dolly suspender decline process.Arranged by this kind, the setting of hoisting drum coiling grooving group number can be saved, be also conducive to reducing hoisting drum length vertically.
Described first drum rope groove a8 is arranged in the outside of described second drum rope groove a9, and namely potential energy compensates wirerope-winding in the outside of described hoist rope, and both are wound around non-interference.
In the present embodiment, described hoisting drum a1 is Split type structure, comprise the first hoisting drum a1 and the second hoisting drum a1 that are positioned at the described dolly suspender a6 left and right sides, described first hoisting drum a1 is connected to the left side of described dolly suspender a6 by the described hoist rope a7 on the left of described dolly suspender a6, and described second hoisting drum a1 is connected to the right side of described dolly suspender a6 by the described hoist rope a7 on the right side of described dolly suspender a6.
Wherein, described first hoisting drum a19 forms the first drum rope groove a8 described in two groups; Described second hoisting drum a20 forms the second drum rope groove a9 described in two groups, described in two groups, the first drum rope groove a8 is arranged in the outside of the second drum rope groove a9 described in two groups respectively.Described first hoisting drum a19 and described second hoisting drum a20 respectively correspondence arranges a set of described potential energy compensation winding system a4 and described counterbalanced weight a5.
Be set to a set of at the potential energy charging system of the present embodiment, be positioned at left side or the right side of described suspender, in the present embodiment, described potential energy compensates winding system a4 concrete structure: described potential energy compensates winding system and comprises several multiplying power assembly pulleys be arranged side by side, multiplying power assembly pulley described in each comprises the lower sheave a10 be fixed on described counterbalanced weight a5 and the top sheave a11 be fixedly installed, and is wrapped in the steel rope a12 between described lower sheave a10 and described top sheave a11; Wherein, being fixedly installed of top sheave a11 refers to that the centre of gration of top sheave a11 is fixedly installed, but not top sheave a11 itself can not rotate.The described top sheave a11 correspondence of multiplying power assembly pulley described in each connects a described potential energy and compensates steel rope a3.
Further, described potential energy compensates winding system and comprises multiplying power assembly pulley described in four groups, correspondingly, described potential energy compensates steel rope a3 and is set to four, wherein two described potential energy compensate steel rope a3 and are wrapped in described first hoisting drum a19, and other two described potential energy compensate steel rope a3 and are wrapped on described the two the second hoisting drum a20.
In addition, in the present embodiment, described potential energy charging system also comprises and is arranged on described hoisting drum a1 and described potential energy and compensates changed course pulley a13 between winding system a4, and each connects described potential energy that described potential energy compensates winding system a4 upper end and compensates steel rope a3 be connected to described hoisting drum a1 after described changed course pulley a13 alters course.By the setting of changed course pulley a13, potential energy charging system setting position is more flexible, and reduce further potential energy and compensate the possibility that steel rope and hoist rope interfere.
In the present embodiment, described counterbalanced weight a5 and corresponding described potential energy compensation winding system a4 is arranged in the land heel post casing of bank bridge.Counterbalanced weight runs up and down in the column casing of bank bridge, appearance looks elegant, and counterbalanced weight and corresponding potential energy compensate winding system and are arranged in the heel post casing of land, not only do not increase extra large side wheel pressure, but also the stability of complete machine is improved, the safety of bank bridge system improves further.
As illustrated in figs. 13-15, described counterbalanced weight a5 is arranged multiple vertical chute a14, in the heel post casing of An Qiao land, the position of corresponding chute a14 arranges the guide rail a15 of equal number, molding of guide rail is on the bank portal leg a18 of the three-dimensional casing in side, An Qiao land, the chute a14 of described counterbalanced weight a5 is embedded in guide rail a15, can along guide rail a15 straight line up-and-down movement.
In the present embodiment, described guide rail a15 is " convex " font be made up of horizontal component and vertical portion, the horizontal component of described " convex " font is fixed on bank portal leg a18 by welding or other fixed forms, the cross-sectional plane of the vertical portion of described " convex " font is rectangle, but is not limited to rectangle.Accordingly, the chute a14 on described counterbalanced weight a5 is rectangular channel, is also not limited to rectangle in the present invention equally.
In addition, in the heel post casing of An Qiao land, every bar guide rail all arranges lubricating system, described lubricating system comprises the fueling injection equipment of rail crown, oil drain pan a17 bottom a16 and guide rail, described fueling injection equipment a16 is constantly to described guide rail a15 lubricant sprayer, and for lubricating guide rail, the described oil drain pan below guide rail collects the oil that guide rail falls, and be evacuated to fueling injection equipment a16 by oil pump, form circulation.
According to structure described above, the working process of the present embodiment potential energy charging system is described below with reference to the accompanying drawings:
Case process grabbed by described dolly suspender: when dolly suspender needs decline to grab case, described dolly suspender zero load declines, described dolly suspender drives described hoisting drum a1 to rotate forward by hoist rope, described counterbalanced weight a5 rising energy storage, the potential energy that the potential energy that described counterbalanced weight a5 rises declines primarily of dolly suspender provides, the energy consumption of hoisting drum is mainly used in the speed controlling the decline of dolly suspender, when dolly suspender drops to freight container, described counterbalanced weight rises to end position, and described hoisting drum stops rotating forward;
The reversion of described hoisting drum, described dolly suspender is grabbed case and is risen, and described counterbalanced weight declines and releases energy, and now the energy consumption of hoisting drum is mainly used in the freight container that hoists, and the hoisting by described counterbalanced weight to provide energy of suspender self.
Described dolly suspender unloads case process: dolly suspender declines, counterbalanced weight rises and energy storage under potential energy compensates steel rope and potential energy compensates the traction of winding system, dolly suspender declines and utilizes the gravity of dolly suspender and freight container naturally to decline, the energy consumption of hoisting drum is mainly used in the descending speed of domination set vanning, and in dolly suspender decline process, energy consumption is less.
Embodiment 3
As the replaceable form of one of potential energy charging system in embodiment 2, the present embodiment provides a kind of potential energy charging system, in the present embodiment, as shown in figure 11, described potential energy charging system is set to two covers, be arranged in left side and the right side of described dolly suspender a6 respectively, four described potential energy of the described potential energy charging system of every suit compensate steel rope and are wound on the hoisting drum of corresponding side by changed course pulley, namely the potential energy be positioned on the left of described suspender compensates steel rope and is wound on the first hoisting drum by changed course pulley, the potential energy be positioned on the right side of described suspender is compensated steel rope and is wound on the second hoisting drum by changed course pulley.
It should be noted that, the multiplying power assembly pulley in potential energy charging system described in each of this enforcement can be set to four groups, also can be set to other group numbers, such as two groups, three groups etc.
Embodiment 4
As a kind of alternative way of embodiment 2 and embodiment 3, the present embodiment provides a kind of potential energy charging system, in the present embodiment, as shown in figure 12, described hoisting drum is set to integrative-structure, described hoisting drum both sides are respectively arranged with and compensate for described potential energy the first drum rope groove a8 that steel rope a3 is wound around and be positioned in the middle of the drum rope groove a8 of both sides first, for the second drum rope groove a9 that described hoist rope a7 is wound around.Hoisting drum is set to integrative-structure, saves the raw-material use of hoisting drum, reduce cost, but also the efficiency of assembling of potential energy charging system can be improved.
Described potential energy charging system is set to two covers, be arranged in left side and the right side of dolly suspender respectively, every suit potential energy charging system comprises four groups of multiplying power assembly pulleys, accordingly, two ends outside described hoisting drum form respectively the first drum rope groove that four potential energy being suitable for corresponding side compensate wirerope-winding, and between two group of first drum rope groove, be suitable for two group of second drum rope groove that dolly hangs the winding of ambilateral hoist rope.
Embodiment 5
The present embodiment provides a kind of energy-conservation winding system of upper and lower dolly, the upper dolly traction comprised for driving upper dolly to draw is wound around subsystem, the lower dolly traction of drawing for driving lower dolly is wound around subsystem, the upper dolly lifting and winding subsystem hoisting for driving upper dolly and land, the lower dolly lifting and winding subsystem hoisting for driving lower dolly and land, winding subsystem is compensated at the upper dolly potential energy of the potential energy in decline process that hoists for compensating upper dolly, and compensate winding subsystem for compensating lower dolly at the lower dolly potential energy of the potential energy in decline process that hoists.
Particularly, in the present embodiment, the set-up mode of upper dolly energy-conservation winding subsystem and the energy-conservation winding subsystem of lower dolly adopts embodiment 2 or the potential energy charging system described in 3 or 4.
Also be, the present embodiment is the energy-conservation winding system of dolly up and down with the power saving function potential energy charging system described in embodiment 2 or 3 or 4 being applied to the energy-conservation winding system of dolly up and down in embodiment 1 and drawing, concrete, when potential energy charging system being applied to lower dolly and compensating winding subsystem as lower dolly potential energy, described lower dolly compensate in sub-winding system for transmission of drive force with counterbalanced weight 5 is hoisted or decline second potential energy compensate steel rope, and being jointly wound in described second for transmission of drive force with the second hoist rope k21 making lower dolly hoist or to decline and driving reel k20 in lower dolly lifting and winding subsystem, now second drive the effect of reel k20 identical with the effect of the hoisting drum 1 described in embodiment 2, the effect of the second hoist rope k21 is identical with the effect of the hoist rope a3 described in embodiment 1, it is identical with the effect that the potential energy described in embodiment 1 compensates steel rope a7 that described second potential energy compensates steel rope, described second potential energy compensates steel rope and drives the winding position on reel k20 and the second hoist rope k21 to drive the winding position on reel k20 mutually not interfere described second described second, and described second potential energy compensate steel rope second drive on reel k20 around to described second hoist rope k21 described second drive on reel k20 around to contrary.
Improve as one, when further the potential energy charging system described in embodiment 2 or 3 or 4 being applied to upper dolly and compensating winding subsystem as upper dolly potential energy, described upper dolly compensate in sub-winding system for transmission of drive force with counterbalanced weight 5 is hoisted or decline first potential energy compensate steel rope, and being jointly wound in described first for transmission of drive force with the first hoist rope k11 making upper dolly hoist or to decline and driving reel k10 in upper dolly lifting and winding subsystem, now first drive the effect of reel k10 identical with the effect of the hoisting drum 1 described in embodiment 2, the effect of the first hoist rope k11 is identical with the effect of the hoist rope a3 described in embodiment 1, it is identical with the effect that the potential energy described in embodiment 1 compensates steel rope a7 that described first potential energy compensates steel rope, described first potential energy compensates steel rope and drives the winding position on reel k10 and the first hoist rope k11 to drive the winding position on reel k10 mutually not interfere described first described first, and described first potential energy compensate steel rope first drive on reel k10 around to described first hoist rope k11 described first drive on reel k10 around to contrary.
The upper dolly traction winding subsystem for driving upper dolly to draw of the present embodiment, the lower dolly traction of drawing for driving lower dolly is wound around subsystem, the upper dolly lifting and winding subsystem hoisting for driving upper dolly and land, and identical with the set-up mode described in embodiment 1 with the set-up mode of the lower dolly lifting and winding subsystem landed for driving lower dolly to hoist, repeat no more herein.
The compensating at the lower dolly potential energy of the potential energy in decline process that hoists be wound around subsystem and to compensate at the upper dolly potential energy of the potential energy in decline process that hoists the set-up mode being wound around subsystem identical with the set-up mode of embodiment 2 or 3 or 4 for compensating dolly for compensating lower dolly of the present embodiment, repeats no more herein.
Embodiment 6
On the basis of the various embodiments described above, as shown in figure 17, in the present embodiment, described lower dolly k70 comprises the first traveling gear s12 and the second traveling gear s29 that can walk and be arranged on dolly k40 guide rail both sides, by the rigid-frame s7 that described first traveling gear s12 is connected with described second traveling gear s29, and be connected to the lower suspender k80 below described rigid-frame s7; Described rigid-frame s7 has inner cavity size and is greater than the physical dimension of dolly k40 and with the structure space s8 passed for described upper dolly k40, described lower dolly k70 meets the following conditions: the balancing torque Σ Ms that the gravity of described lower dolly k70 causes is greater than the capsizing moment Σ Mo of the horizontal inertial force of described lower dolly k70.Namely in the present embodiment, described lower dolly k70 connects lower suspender k80 by described rigid-frame s7, that is described lower dolly k70 described first traveling gear s12 and between described second traveling gear s29 and described lower suspender k80 for being rigidly connected; And the internal diameter of the described structure space s8 of described rigid-frame s7 is greater than the maximum outside diameter of described upper dolly k40, that is: the inner cavity size of described structure space s8 is greater than the physical dimension of described upper dolly k40 all the time, this physical dimension should be described upper dolly k40 and captures the overall upperlimit that forms of thing, like this, described upper dolly k40 and suspender thereof without the need to rotating, can directly pass in operational process; Simultaneously, under the balancing torque Σ Ms caused at the gravity of described lower dolly k70 is greater than the condition of the capsizing moment Σ Mo of the horizontal inertial force of described lower dolly k70, overcome the described capsizing moment Σ Mo caused by wind load or other reasons under the effect of balancing torque described in described lower dolly k70, make described lower dolly k70 remain steady at operational process; Like this, in the motion process of described lower dolly k70, described lower suspender k80 and the freight container captured thereof are less likely to occur to rock, can slide by pulsation-free, not only reduce described wearing and tearing between first, second traveling gear s29 and described crossbeam structure, and relatively rocking walking, the coasting speed power that is faster or that consume of steadily walking is less, improves the dress rate of discharging of whole bank bridge system; Meanwhile, smooth running rocks operation relatively, improves Ministry of State Security, and potential safety hazard is less.
In the present embodiment, the computing formula of described balancing torque Σ Ms is: Σ Ms=G lower dollyl lower dolly+ G hang and carryl hang and carry; The computing formula of described capsizing moment Σ Mo is: Σ Mo=F lower dolly force of inertial the lower dolly inertia arm of force+ F wind loadl the wind load arm of force+ F steel rope deflecting forcel the steel rope deflection arm of force.As shown in Figure 5, wherein under G, dolly is the weight sum of described lower dolly k70 and described lower suspender k80, and G hangs the weight of carrying the freight container captured for described lower suspender k80, F lower dolly force of inertiafor the force of inertia sum of described lower dolly k70, described lower suspender k80 and freight container, F wind loadfor the wind load of lower dolly entirety, F steel rope deflecting forcefor the deflecting force of hoist rope, L lower dolly, L hang and carry, L the lower dolly inertia arm of force, L the wind load arm of forceand L the steel rope deflection arm of forcesee the mark in Fig. 5.
In the present embodiment, described rigid-frame s7 comprises two vertical stand and a suspender carrier bar; Two described vertical stand are connected with described first traveling gear s12 and described second traveling gear s29, and described lower suspender k80 is connected to immediately below described suspender carrier bar; U-shaped described structure space s8 is formed between two described vertical stand and described suspender carrier bar.In order to ensure that described lower suspender k80 can extract freight container accurately, the position that other suspenders needing the described lower suspender k80 on described lower dolly k70 to decline can to arrive described crossbeam structure can reach, like this, an arbitrary suspender can both extract the freight container of same position after declining; Simultaneously, the described structure space s8 of rigid circumference wall is formed between two described vertical stand and described suspender carrier bar, that is in operational process, the bulk of described structure space s8 remains constant, like this, the upper dolly k40 in described crossbeam structure can pass described structure space s8 smoothly all the time in operational process.
Further, preferably the lateral surface of described first traveling gear s12 and described second traveling gear s29 is connected to the upper end inwall of described vertical stand, and the steel wheel malleation of described first traveling gear s12 and described second traveling gear s29 is on the 3rd guide rail s5 and described 4th guide rail s6 of correspondence, in the present embodiment, described first traveling gear s12 and described second traveling gear s29 adopts malleation mode to be arranged on described 3rd guide rail s5 and described 4th guide rail s6, described so lower dolly k70 entirety is on the 3rd guide rail s5 and described 4th guide rail s6 described in reversely hung Yong malleation, like this, can by described first traveling gear s12 and described second traveling gear s29 steadily and be arranged on corresponding guide rail accurately, and skew can not occur or tilt, thus enable traveling gear drive described lower dolly k70 steadily to walk smoothly in described crossbeam structure.
On the basis of above-described embodiment, described upper dolly k40 the third line comprised on the first guide rail s3 and the second guide rail s4 that can walk and be arranged on described upper dolly k40 walks mechanism and fourth line walks mechanism, described the third line is walked mechanism and described fourth line and walk the support body that mechanism is connected, and be connected to the suspender below described support body.Particularly, described support body comprises long-armed and two galianconism be parallel to each other, and two described galianconism is connected to one by one two connecting arms of described long-armed respective end; Two described galianconism have and stretch out described long-armed external part, and malleation is connected to described the third line and walks mechanism and fourth line is walked in mechanism respectively.That is, in the present embodiment, described upper dolly k40 malleation is arranged on its guide rail structure, like this, described the third line of described upper dolly k40 can be walked mechanism and described fourth line and walk mechanism steadily and be arranged on corresponding guide rail accurately, and skew can not occur or tilt, thus traveling gear is enable to drive described upper dolly k40 steadily to walk smoothly in described crossbeam structure.
In the above-described embodiments, the present embodiment also comprises actuating device, described actuating device comprises drive car and lower drive car, described upper drive car comprises, drive the first trailer coupling that described upper dolly k40 walks, and drive described upper dolly k40 to carry out the first lifting mechanism be elevated; Described lower drive car comprises the second trailer coupling driving described lower dolly k70 to walk, and drives described lower dolly k70 to carry out the second lifting mechanism be elevated.
Wherein, described first trailer coupling comprises the first traction drive be arranged in crossbeam structure, on described by the traction of changed course assembly pulley under described first traction-driven effect, dolly k40 carries out the first haulage cable of back and forth walking, and is located in crossbeam structure for holding up the first supporting construction of described first haulage cable; Described first lifting mechanism comprises and is arranged on first in crossbeam structure and hoists driving, on described by the drive of changed course assembly pulley under the effect of the driving that hoists, dolly k40 carries out the first hoist rope of back and forth lifting, and is located in crossbeam structure for holding up the first tow strap structure of described first hoist rope; Namely in the present embodiment, separate described trailer coupling and described lifting mechanism is adopted, the two independently working, complementary interference
Simultaneously, described second trailer coupling comprises the second traction drive be arranged in crossbeam structure, under described second traction-driven effect, being carried out the second haulage cable of back and forth walking by the described lower dolly k70 of changed course assembly pulley traction, and being located in described crossbeam structure for holding up the second supporting construction of described second haulage cable; Described second lifting mechanism comprises and is arranged on second in crossbeam structure and hoists driving, under the effect of the driving that hoists, driving described lower dolly k70 to carry out the second hoist rope of back and forth lifting by changed course assembly pulley, and being located in crossbeam structure for holding up the second tow strap structure of described second hoist rope; Namely in the present embodiment, separate described trailer coupling and described lifting mechanism is adopted, the two independently working, complementary interference.
Further, described rigid-frame s7 forms the some changed course pulley s13 passed for described hoist rope, described lower suspender k80 is connected to immediately below described suspender carrier bar through two of described suspender carrier bar midway location symmetrical described changed course pulley s13 by the lower end of described hoist rope; Namely described hoist rope is wrapped on described rigid-frame s7, and the hoist rope after namely promoting is not unsettled, and the described lower suspender k80 below it can not shake by relative described hoist rope with the freight container of crawl.
In the present embodiment, also comprise the steel wire rope stretching device of the first haulage cable, described second haulage cable, described first hoist rope and described second hoist rope described in the tensioning that is arranged in described crossbeam structure.
Simultaneously; the present embodiment is also provided with fender guard; described fender guard comprises the oil cylinder mechanism be located in described crossbeam structure; described oil cylinder mechanism can be connected with the changed course assembly pulley rising steel rope being wound with described upper dolly k40 and described lower dolly k70 respectively, to make described hoist rope relax by corresponding changed course assembly pulley.When described lower suspender k80 captures freight container, freight container may collide with steamer or other objects, and in leaching process, described hoist rope is in tight state, the power that like this collision can be produced or moment are delivered on described bank bridge construction, and then the agent structure of opposite bank bridge produces infringement; Therefore in order to avoid this kind of infringement; bank bridge agent structure arranges a described fender guard; like this when freight container collides; described oil cylinder mechanism unloading; and by described changed course pulley s13, described hoist rope is relaxed; the power that collision is produced or moment can not be delivered in bank bridge agent structure, thus realize the protection of opposite bank bridge main body.
As shown in figure 19, the present embodiment also comprises preventing described lower dolly k70 from the first anti-bias structure of left and right skew occurring; Described first anti-bias structure comprises the first horizontal guide sheave s31 outside the steel wheel being located at described first traveling gear s12, and the second horizontal guide sheave s32 outside the steel wheel being located at described second traveling gear s29; When described lower dolly k70 offsets left, the outside that described first horizontal guide sheave s31 is pressed on described 3rd guide rail s5 offsets left to stop the steel wheel of described first traveling gear s12; When described lower dolly k70 offsets to the right, the outside that described second horizontal guide sheave s32 is pressed on described 4th guide rail s6 offsets to the right to stop the steel wheel of described second traveling gear s29; In the normal course of operation of described lower dolly k70, described first horizontal guide sheave s31 and there is certain interval between described second horizontal guide sheave s32 and corresponding guide rail; When there is skew left in described lower dolly k70, gap between described first horizontal guide sheave s31 and described 3rd guide rail s5 disappears, and described first horizontal guide sheave s31 is pressed on the outside of described 3rd guide rail s5, thus prevent the steel wheel of the described first traveling gear s12 of described lower dolly k70 from offseting left, and then prevent described lower dolly k70 entirety from offseting; When there is skew to the right in described lower dolly k70, gap between described second horizontal guide sheave s32 and described 4th guide rail s6 disappears, and described second horizontal guide sheave s32 is pressed on the outside of described 4th guide rail s6, thus prevent the steel wheel of the described second traveling gear s29 of described lower dolly k70 from offseting to the right, and then prevent described lower dolly k70 entirety from offseting; Meanwhile, this kind is arranged can also avoid described lower dolly k70 operational process to cause the steel wheel of traveling gear to gnaw the phenomenon of rail because of described rigid-frame generation deflection, and can also prevent described lower dolly k70 from toppling.
As shown in figure 20, the present embodiment also comprises preventing described upper dolly k40 from the second anti-bias structure of left and right skew occurring; Described second anti-bias structure comprises the three horizontal guide sheave s33 of steel wheel away from described first guide rail s3 side that the third line being located at described upper dolly k40 walks mechanism, and the fourth line being located at described upper dolly k40 walks the four horizontal guide sheave s34 of steel wheel away from described second guide rail s4 side of mechanism; When described upper dolly k40 offsets left, the outside that described 4th horizontal guide sheave s34 is pressed on described second guide rail s4 offsets left with the steel wheel stoping described fourth line and walk mechanism; When described upper dolly k40 offsets to the right, the outside that described 3rd horizontal guide sheave s33 is pressed on described first guide rail s3 offsets to the right with the steel wheel stoping described the third line and walk mechanism; On described dolly k40 normal course of operation in, described 3rd horizontal guide sheave s33 and there is certain interval between described 4th horizontal guide sheave s34 and corresponding guide rail; When there is skew left in described upper dolly k40, gap between described 4th horizontal guide sheave s34 and described second guide rail s4 disappears, and described 4th horizontal guide sheave s34 is pressed on the outside of described second guide rail s4, thus the steel wheel preventing the described fourth line of described upper dolly k40 from walking mechanism offsets, and then prevent described upper dolly k40 entirety from offseting left; When there is skew to the right in described upper dolly k40, gap between described 3rd horizontal guide sheave s33 and described first guide rail s3 disappears, and described 3rd horizontal guide sheave s33 is pressed on the outside of described first guide rail s3, thus the steel wheel preventing described the third line of described upper dolly k40 from walking mechanism offsets, and then prevent described upper dolly k40 entirety from offseting to the right; Meanwhile, this kind is arranged can also avoid described upper dolly k40 operational process to cause the steel wheel of traveling gear to gnaw the phenomenon of rail because of described rigid-frame generation deflection, and can prevent described upper dolly k40 from toppling to a certain extent.
Embodiment 7
As shown in figure 18, on the basis of above-described embodiment, preferably described first crossbeam s1 and described second crossbeam s2 is set to cross-sectional plane is trapezoidal box beam; Wherein, the lower end width size of further described box beam is greater than upper end width size.Trapezoidal described box beam has good load bearing stength; Meanwhile, also because in actual production manufacturing process, generally all relevant guide rail is arranged on the lower position of crossbeam, like this, trapezoidal described box beam relative to the weight saving of square beam, thus alleviates integrally-built weight to a certain extent.As preferred embodiment, the lower end width size of described box beam is 2:1 with the ratio of upper end width size.
Further, described first crossbeam s1 and described second crossbeam s2 is provided with supporting part, and described first guide rail s3, described 3rd guide rail s5, described second guide rail s4 and described 4th guide rail s6 are arranged on corresponding described supporting part respectively.Wherein, described supporting part comprises the loading plate s9 being welded on the second crossbeam s2 side described in described first crossbeam s1/ and the vertical stay bearing plate s01 being welded on the second crossbeam s2 bottom described in described first crossbeam s1/; Wherein, right-angled triangle is formed between the second crossbeam s2 side described in described vertical stay bearing plate s01, described loading plate s9 and described first crossbeam s1/; Namely described vertical stay bearing plate s01, form stable triangle relation between described loading plate and corresponding large beam sides, make described loading plate have good load-carrying properties.
On the basis of above-described embodiment, described first guide rail s3, described 3rd guide rail s5, described second guide rail s4 and described 4th guide rail s6 are arranged on described loading plate s9 respectively by pressure plate structure.
In order to ensure guide rail can level being arranged on described loading plate s9, prevent guide rail run-off the straight, enable traveling gear reposefully at slide on rails; In the present embodiment, described pressure plate structure comprises the pressing plate s10 that several length directions along the first crossbeam s1 are arranged in pairs in the both sides of the 4th guide rail s6 described in the 3rd guide rail s5/ described in the second guide rail s4/ described in described first guide rail s3/.
In the present embodiment, be preferably placed at several pressing plates s10 of the same side of the 4th guide rail s6 described in the 3rd guide rail s5/ described in the second guide rail s4/ described in described first guide rail s3/ and keep at a certain distance away setting; Namely in the present embodiment, described pressing plate s10 is ensureing that under the prerequisite that guide rail is steadily installed, what reasonably arrange described pressing plate s10 arranges number, thus avoids causing the overall weight of bank bridge to increase because arranging too much described pressing plate s10.
In the present embodiment, 4th guide rail s6 described in 3rd guide rail s5/ described in second guide rail s4/ described in described first guide rail s3/ is pressed on described loading plate s9 by the side of preferred described pressing plate s10, and the opposite side of described pressing plate s10 is fixedly connected on described loading plate s9 by screw/bolt; Certainly, described pressing plate s10 also can adopt other attaching partss to be fixed on described loading plate s9, as long as corresponding guide rail can be pressed on described loading plate s9.
Embodiment 8
As shown in Figure 22-26, on the basis of any embodiment of above-described embodiment 1-7, the energy-conservation bank bridge system of formula of passing through double trolley in the present embodiment also comprises two three drawbar structures, comprise the large arm c1 that protracts, after stretch large arm c13, portal-framed structure c2 and ladder frame c3, wherein, the described large arm c1 that protracts is positioned on front side of bank bridge, stretching large arm c13 after described is positioned on rear side of bank bridge, protract described in described ladder frame c3 is fixed on large arm c1 and described after stretch the top of large arm c13, protract described in described portal-framed structure c2 is positioned at large arm c1 and described after stretch the below of large arm c13, play the large arm c1 that to protract described in support, the effect of large arm c13 and described ladder frame c3 is stretched after described.
Described two three drawbar structures of the present embodiment also comprise the top that one end is articulated with described ladder frame c3, protract described in the other end is articulated with the left duplex pull rod c4 of large arm c1, middle duplex pull rod c6 and right duplex pull rod c5, wherein said middle duplex pull rod c6 is between described left duplex pull rod c4 and described right duplex pull rod c5, described middle duplex pull rod c6 one end is articulated with the top of described ladder frame c3, the position of protracting described in the other end is articulated with on large arm c1 between described left duplex pull rod c4 and right duplex pull rod c5 articulated position, described middle duplex pull rod c6 and described left duplex pull rod c4, right duplex pull rod c5 forms the three-point support structure to the described large arm c1 that protracts jointly.
The supported at three point of two three drawbar structures by being formed the described large arm c1 that protracts of the present embodiment, thus decrease the amount of deflection of the large arm c1 strong point span centre that protracts, thus the large arm c1 that can ensure to protract when without the need to increasing and protracting the height of large arm c1 in loading and unloading operation time rigidity.Two three drawbar structures of the present embodiment can meet bank bridge protract large arm castor will more than the rigidity requirement of 80 meters.
Two three drawbar structure structures of the present embodiment are simple, compare traditional Tiebar structure in pairs, and productive costs does not increase how many.
Further, in the present embodiment, described in the large arm c1 that protracts be rotating, particularly, the described large arm c1 that protracts is provided with hinge c7 in contiguous described portal-framed structure c2 position, rotates switching with the large arm c1 that protracts described in enabling between its flat position and stowed position.Described middle duplex pull rod c6 and described left duplex pull rod c4, right duplex pull rod c5 and described hinge c7 are formed jointly to the four-point supporting structure to the described large arm c1 that protracts, thus decrease the amount of deflection of each strong point span centre of the large arm c1 that protracts.Described left duplex pull rod c4, described middle duplex pull rod c6 and described right duplex pull rod c5 appropriate position in the middle part of pull bar are respectively arranged with can node c41, c61, c51 of bending.In use, described in protract large arm c1 by described flat position when described hinge c7 turns to described stowed position, drive described left, center, right duplex pull rod c5 to pack up along described node c41, c61, c51 bending.Protract between large arm c1 at described ladder frame c3 and being in described in described stowed position in the position that described left, center, right duplex pull rod c5 node c41, c61, c51 pack up.
But, be in the limited space protracted between large arm c1 and described ladder frame c3 described in described stowed position, the node c51 of described left, the right duplex pull rod c5 after packing up is set up at space cloth and easily interferes, thus the large arm c1 that protracts described in causing can not pack up well and even can not pack up.In order to address this problem, in the present embodiment, in described left, center, right duplex pull rod c5, one of them and duplex pull rod space described in other two are staggeredly arranged in Different Plane, thus protract large arm c1 described in making when described hinge c7 turns to described stowed position, described node c41, c61, c51 of the described left, center, right duplex pull rod c5 packed up one of them and node space described in other two are staggeredly arranged in Different Plane, thus mutual interference can not occur.
Particularly, in the present embodiment, described left duplex pull rod c4 and described right duplex pull rod c6 is in same plane, described middle duplex pull rod c5 and described left duplex pull rod c4, plane space residing for described right duplex pull rod c6 are staggeredly arranged, described in making, protract large arm c1 when described hinge c7 turns to described stowed position, the described node c51 of the described middle duplex pull rod c5 packed up is non-interference with the described node c61 phase of the node c41 of described left duplex pull rod c4 and described right duplex pull rod c6.
Further, in the present embodiment, transversely the stagger displacement range of plane that described left duplex pull rod and described right duplex pull rod formed of described middle duplex pull rod c5 is 400-600mm, is preferably 500mm.
It should be noted that, be not limited to described left duplex pull rod in the present invention and described right duplex pull rod arranges in same plane, described middle duplex pull rod c5 and this flat transverse stagger the set-up mode of certain displacement, in other embodiments, described middle duplex pull rod and described right duplex pull rod can also be arranged at same plane, described left duplex pull rod and this plane certain displacement that staggers is arranged; Or described middle duplex pull rod and described left duplex pull rod are arranged at same plane, and described right duplex pull rod and this plane certain displacement that staggers is arranged.
The alternative form of one of the not mutual interference structure of the described left, center, right duplex pull rod c5 as the present embodiment, the mutual space of duplex pull rod c5 three, described left, center, right is staggeredly arranged in Different Plane, thus protract large arm c1 described in making when described hinge c7 turns to described stowed position, the described node of the described left, center, right duplex pull rod c5 packed up is staggeredly arranged respectively in different planes, thus mutual interference can not occur.
Again further, in the present embodiment, as shown in figure 24, the described node c51 of the described right duplex pull rod c5 packed up is positioned at topmost, the described node c61 of the described middle duplex pull rod c6 after packing up is positioned at centre, and the described node c41 of the described left duplex pull rod c4 after packing up is positioned at bottom.
Two three drawbar structures of the present embodiment also comprise the luffing structure can packed up for the large arm c1 that protracts described in driving or keep flat.
Particularly, described luffing structure comprise drive reel c8 and be connected to described driving reel c8, described ladder frame c3 and described in the pitching winding system that protracts between large arm c1.Drive described in the present embodiment reel c8 be arranged at described after stretch on large arm c1 arrange machine room c14 in.
Described pitching winding system can be set to various ways, enumerates wherein two kinds in the present embodiment.
Pitching winding system described in the first, it comprise be fixed on described ladder frame c3 top changed course assembly pulley c9, be fixed on described in protract on large arm c1 and there is the dead sheave group c10 of identical number pulley and one ends wound on described driving reel c8 with described changed course assembly pulley c9, the other end circles round the steel rope c11 be wound around between described changed course assembly pulley c9 and described dead sheave group c10.
Described changed course assembly pulley c9 and described dead sheave group c10 has multiple pulley be arranged side by side respectively.Preferably, described changed course assembly pulley c9 and described dead sheave group c10 has four pulleys be arranged side by side respectively.But the quantity of described changed course assembly pulley and described dead sheave group pulley is not limited to four in the present embodiment, can also be set to according to actual needs one, two, three, five, six etc. multiple.
When assembling, steel rope is by described driving reel c8, first walk around first pulley of the changed course assembly pulley c9 on described ladder frame c3 top, then around to first pulley on described dead sheave group c10, second pulley of described changed course assembly pulley c9 is rapped around to again after dead sheave group c10 first pulley, then rap around to second pulley of dead sheave group again, be wound around successively.
When packing up, described driving reel c8 rotates forward under the driving of the devices such as motor (or reversion), described wire rope roll around the number of turn on described driving reel c8 more around more, the other end that described steel rope is connected to described dead sheave group by changed course assembly pulley is tightened up, the large arm c1 that protracts described in pulling rotates towards described ladder frame c3 around described hinge c7, until described in protract when large arm c1 turns to described stowed position and stop, a described left side simultaneously, in, right duplex pull rod c5 along with described protract large arm c1 bending to described in protract between large arm c1 and described ladder frame c3, when putting down, described driving reel c8 reverses under the driving of the devices such as motor (or rotating forward), described one end be wound on described driving reel c8 is relaxed, the number of turn be wound on described driving reel c8 is fewer and feweri, the described large arm c1 that protracts pulls the other end of described steel rope c11 to turn to described flat position gradually after described steel rope c11 loosens, and simultaneously described left, center, right duplex pull rod c5 moves to extended configuration along with the described large arm c1 that protracts.
Pitching winding system described in the second, as shown in figure 26, described pitching winding system comprise be fixed on described ladder frame c3 top changed course assembly pulley c9, be fixed on described in protract dead sheave group c10 on large arm c1 and one ends wound on described driving reel c8, the other end circles round the steel rope c11 be wound around between described changed course assembly pulley c9 and described dead sheave group c10; Described pitching winding system also comprise be fixed on described in the monolithic pulley c12 that protracts on large arm c1, described steel rope c11 is by described driving reel c8, first change around arriving described monolithic pulley c12 after the first pulley of described changed course assembly pulley c9, then change around second pulley to described changed course assembly pulley c9 again, then, on the first pulley to described dead sheave group c10, be wound around successively.
Described changed course assembly pulley c9 comprises multiple pulley be arranged side by side, and described dead sheave group comprises multiple pulley be arranged side by side.Preferably, described changed course assembly pulley c9 comprises five pulleys be arranged side by side, and described dead sheave group comprises four pulleys be arranged side by side.
Pitching winding system described in the second pack up action and to keep flat action identical with the first pitching winding system, repeat no more.In the present embodiment, the second pitching winding system is preferably.
Again further, described ladder frame c3 and described portal-framed structure c2 to be preferably arranged in same longitudinal plane and to be molded as one structure.
In addition, two three drawbar structures of the present embodiment also comprise the large arm latch-up structure c15 that protracts being arranged at described ladder frame c3 top, described in the large arm latch-up structure c15 that protracts there is the hook structure of the large arm c1 that to protract described in locking after the described large arm c1 that protracts turns to described stowed position.
Embodiment 9
On the basis of embodiment 1-8, formula of the passing through double trolley energy-conservation bank bridge system described in the present embodiment also comprises the cross travel system that can be applicable on described upper dolly and described lower dolly; For the cross travel system on described lower dolly, as shown in figs. 27-31, described transversal translation system comprise can the track of littoral bridge first crossbeam s1 back and forth run lower dolly k70, be hung at the lower suspender k80 below described lower dolly k70 by left and right sides steel rope b2; And be arranged on described lower dolly k70, for driving the actuating device of described lower suspender k80 transversely sway.
Wherein, as shown in figure 28, described actuating device comprise the left drive division that arrange corresponding to described steel rope b2 on the left of described lower suspender k80 and with described lower suspender k80 on the right side of the corresponding right drive division arranged of described steel rope b2, left drive division and right drive division have the expansion link b4 that transversely can drive corresponding described steel rope b2 sway respectively, described expansion link b4 is fixedly connected with steel rope guide frame b17 towards one end of corresponding described steel rope b2, described steel rope guide frame b17 comprises the space b5 that extends there through for described steel rope b2 and is positioned at b5 both sides, described space, for limiting the horizontal limiting structure of described steel rope about b2 teeter, and for limiting longitudinal limiting structure of longitudinal oscillation before and after described steel rope b2.
Preferably; described left drive division and described right drive division are hydraulic actuating cylinder, and described expansion link b4 is hydraulic actuating cylinder, but it should be noted that; drive division is not limited to hydraulic actuating cylinder in the present invention, as long as the device with the expansion link of controlled stroke all should be included in protection scope of the present invention.
When instantly carrying out casing working above trolley travelling to freight container, if when lower suspender is not directly over freight container, under the prerequisite not moving cart, difficulty is occurred to case, now can start lower dolly transversal translation system of the present invention, lower suspender transverse translation certain displacement is driven by hydraulic ram, make lower suspender just on freight container, smoothly to case, owing to not needing mobile cart, greatly save the case time, also reduced energy consumption simultaneously; In addition, by the setting of horizontal limiting structure and longitudinal limiting structure, can ensureing that lower suspender and freight container do not occur when hoisting or decline to swing all around, operating steadily, further increasing case efficiency.
Further, as shown in figs. 28-30, described horizontal limiting structure comprises a pair the first position-limited lever b6 that transversely interval is opposed and parallel, described longitudinal limiting structure comprises a pair the second position-limited lever b7 that longitudinally interval is opposed and parallel, and a pair first position-limited lever b6 and a pair second position-limited lever b7 intersect the hollow space that surrounds and be positioned at middle part as described space b5 at described steel rope b2 bearing of trend.
In the present embodiment, as shown in Figure 28 and Figure 30, described a pair first position-limited lever b6 are arranged at the top of described a pair second position-limited lever b7, it should be noted that, in the present invention, described first position-limited lever is not limited to the top being arranged on the second position-limited lever, in other embodiments, described first position-limited lever b6 can also be arranged on the below of described second position-limited lever b7, or described first position-limited lever b6 and described second position-limited lever b7 is disposed on the same plane.
In the present embodiment, described first position-limited lever b6 is arranged on the top of described second position-limited lever b7 in the mode of next-door neighbour, and in other embodiments, described first position-limited lever b6 can also be arranged on top or the below of described second position-limited lever b7 at certain intervals.
Further describe described steel rope guide frame, as shown in Figure 28 and Figure 29, described steel rope guide frame b17 also comprises support b8, and described horizontal limiting structure and described longitudinal limiting structure are arranged on described support b8, has the open-work b9 communicated with described space b5 bottom described support b8.
Again further, in the present embodiment, at least one of them is rotatable setting to described first position-limited lever b6 and described second position-limited lever b7.
Particularly, in the present embodiment, as shown in figure 30, the both ends of the surface of described first position-limited lever b6 form the first pivot b10 of protrusion, described support b8 is provided with the first pivot hole b11 inserted for the first pivot b10 described in two, and described first pivot b10 rotatably coordinates with described first pivot hole b11.The both ends of the surface of described second position-limited lever b7 form the second pivot b12 of protrusion, described support b8 is provided with the second pivot hole b13 inserted for the second pivot b12 described in two, and described second pivot b12 rotatably coordinates with described second pivot hole b13.Described first position-limited lever and described second position-limited lever are set to rotating, thus make steel rope in hoisting up and down, first position-limited lever and the second position-limited lever freely rotate, steel rope and the friction between the first position-limited lever and the second position-limited lever are friction of rolling, suffered by described steel rope, resistance is little, ensure that the needs of the operating mode that hoists, can realize sway during case case again.
In the present embodiment, described first position-limited lever b6 and/or described second position-limited lever b7 is preferably carrying roller.
The flexible stroke of the described expansion link b4 of the present embodiment can be controlled within the scope of 0-800mm.In the present embodiment, according to the micro-judgment that lower dolly needs and puts truck institute off-position, the flexible stroke of described expansion link is set to 500mm and can meets case requirement.
The described lower suspender k80 left and right sides comprises steel rope b2 described in two groups that arrange before and after described lower dolly k70 respectively.
The left drive division of the present embodiment is one group hydraulic actuating cylinder b14 arranging corresponding to steel rope b2 described in two groups before and after left side, and right drive division is one group hydraulic actuating cylinder b14 arranging corresponding to steel rope b2 described in two groups before and after right side.Described expansion link b4 is the piston rod of described hydraulic actuating cylinder b14.
The projecting end of the described piston rod of the present embodiment be provided with respectively corresponding with steel rope b2 described in two groups, front and back arrange two overlap described steel rope guide frame b17, the described steel rope guide frame b17 of two covers is fixedly connected with by being fixedly connected with frame b16, namely two groups of steel ropes on the left of suspender are descended to share a hydraulic ram, two groups of steel ropes on the right side of lower suspender share a hydraulic ram, relative to arranging four groups of hydraulic rams in prior art, this kind of setting saves two hydraulic rams, provide cost savings, reduce energy consumption.
The described middle part being fixedly connected with frame b16 is fixed on the projecting end of described piston rod, and two ends are fixedly connected with the support b8 of described steel rope guide frame b17 respectively.
As the alternative form of one, left drive division is the front and back that arrange two group hydraulic actuating cylinder b14s corresponding to steel rope b2 described in two groups before and after left side; Right drive division is the front and back that arrange two group hydraulic actuating cylinder b14s corresponding to steel rope b2 described in two groups before and after right side.Namely descend on dolly and arrange four groups of hydraulic actuating cylinders, each group hydraulic actuating cylinder correspondence drives one group of steel rope.The projecting end of described piston rod is directly fixedly connected with corresponding described steel rope guide frame b17.
In addition, in the present embodiment, as shown in figure 27, the hydraulic actuating cylinder of the left and right sides corresponding outside being arranged on steel rope b2 described in described lower suspender k80 both sides respectively.But the present invention is not limited thereto, in other embodiments, the hydraulic actuating cylinder of the left and right sides can also be arranged on the inner side of steel rope described in described lower suspender k80 both sides.
As long as the given instruction of the hydraulic actuating cylinder of the present embodiment, if to left, one of them hydraulic actuating cylinder ejects, and another hydraulic actuating cylinder shrinks, and both are synchronized with the movement, and realize translation.Control handle for hydraulic control cylinder can be directly installed in the driver's cab of bank bridge.The lower suspender reclining device interoperation that the lower dolly transversal translation system of the present embodiment can also be provided with bank bridge, thus realize fast case.
Obviously, above-described embodiment is only for clearly example being described, and the restriction not to embodiment.For those of ordinary skill in the field, can also make other changes in different forms on the basis of the above description.Here exhaustive without the need to also giving all embodiments.And thus the apparent change of extending out or variation be still among the protection domain of the invention.

Claims (16)

1. one kind is passed through the energy-conservation bank bridge system of formula double trolley, it comprises and is arranged on upper dolly (k40) in crossbeam structure and lower dolly (k70), and potential energy charging system, described potential energy charging system comprises counterbalanced weight (a5), compensates winding system (a4) and potential energy compensation steel rope (a3) for transmission of drive force with the potential energy making described counterbalanced weight (5) hoist or to decline; It is characterized in that: described potential energy charging system also comprises the hoisting drum be jointly wound around for hoist rope and described potential energy compensation steel rope, described potential energy compensates the winding position of steel rope on described hoisting drum does not interfere mutually with the winding position of hoist rope on described hoisting drum, and described potential energy compensation steel rope described hoisting drum around to described hoist rope at described hoisting drum around to contrary; Wherein, described potential energy charging system is divided into dolly potential energy to compensate winding subsystem and lower dolly potential energy compensation winding subsystem two parts.
2. according to claim 1ly pass through the energy-conservation bank bridge system of formula double trolley, it is characterized in that: described lower dolly potential energy compensates and is wound around subsystem and adopts same second to drive reel (k20) for the lower dolly lifting and winding subsystem driving the lower suspender (k80) of described lower dolly (k70) to hoist and to land, particularly, described lower dolly potential energy compensate in sub-winding system for transmission of drive force with counterbalanced weight (a5) is hoisted or decline second potential energy compensate steel rope, and in lower dolly lifting and winding subsystem for transmission of drive force with the second hoist rope (k21) the described lower suspender (k80) of lower dolly (k70) being hoisted or decline jointly be wound in described second drive reel (k20), described second potential energy compensates steel rope and drives the winding position on reel (k20) and the second hoist rope (k21) to drive the winding position on reel (k20) mutually not interfere described second described second, and described second potential energy compensate steel rope second drive on reel (k20) around to described second hoist rope (k21) described second drive on reel (k20) around to contrary.
3. according to claim 2ly pass through the energy-conservation bank bridge system of formula double trolley, it is characterized in that: described upper dolly potential energy compensates and is wound around subsystem and adopts same first to drive reel (k10) for the upper dolly lifting and winding subsystem driving the upper suspender of described upper dolly (k40) to hoist and to land, particularly, described upper dolly potential energy compensate in sub-winding system for transmission of drive force with counterbalanced weight is hoisted or decline first potential energy compensate steel rope, and in upper dolly lifting and winding subsystem for transmission of drive force with the first hoist rope (k11) the upper suspender (k60) of upper dolly (k40) being hoisted or decline jointly be wound in described first drive reel (k10), described first potential energy compensates steel rope and drives the winding position on reel (k10) and the first hoist rope (k11) to drive the winding position on reel (k10) mutually not interfere described first described first, and described first potential energy compensate steel rope first drive on reel (k10) around to described first hoist rope (k11) described first drive on reel (k10) around to contrary.
4. according to claim 3ly pass through the energy-conservation bank bridge system of formula double trolley, it is characterized in that: described upper dolly lifting and winding subsystem comprises at least one first driving reel (k10), be wrapped at least one the first hoist ropes (k11) on the first driving reel (k10), some first carrying rollers (k12) of described first hoist rope of the picking-up from bottom to top for level (k11), described first hoist rope (k11) is connected on upper dolly (k40) by least one group first assembly pulley that alters course; Described lower dolly lifting and winding subsystem comprises at least one second driving reel (k20), be wrapped at least one the second hoist ropes (k21) on the second driving reel (k20), some second carrying rollers (k22) of described second hoist rope of the picking-up from bottom to top for level (k21), described second hoist rope (k21) is connected on lower dolly (k70) by least one group second assembly pulley that alters course; Some first carrying rollers (k12) are horizontally supported the inner side in crossbeam structure by the first carrier structure, some second carrying rollers (k22) are horizontally supported the outside in crossbeam structure by the second carrier structure, and the inner side of horizontal space that the described first horizontal component driving reel (k10) and the horizontal component of the first hoist rope (k11) to be all arranged on the second hoist rope (k21) surrounds.
5. according to claim 4ly pass through the energy-conservation bank bridge system of formula double trolley, it is characterized in that: described first carrier structure comprises the pars intermedia be connected between first crossbeam (s1) of described crossbeam structure and the second crossbeam (s2), be connected to the horizontal part (q1) below described pars intermedia, be connected to first " L " type hook portion (n1) and second " L " type hook portion (n2) at described horizontal part (q1) two ends, the horizontal crochet of described first " L " type hook portion and the horizontal crochet of described second " L " type hook portion support the different units of described first carrying roller (k12) respectively
6. according to claim 5ly pass through the energy-conservation bank bridge system of formula double trolley, it is characterized in that:; The horizontal crochet of described first " L " type hook portion (n1) and the horizontal crochet of described second " L " type hook portion (n2) with mutual back to mode arrange; Wherein said first " L " type hook portion (n1) and described second " L " type hook portion (n2) are symmetrical arranged about the center line of the length direction of described crossbeam structure.
7. the energy-conservation bank bridge system of formula of passing through double trolley according to claim 4-6, it is characterized in that: described second carrier structure comprises the 3rd " L " type hook portion (m1) and the 4th " L " type hook portion (m2) in the close outside of the first crossbeam (s1) and the second crossbeam (s2) bottom being connected to described crossbeam structure, and the horizontal crochet of described 3rd " L " type hook portion and the horizontal crochet of described 4th " L " type hook portion support the different units of described second carrying roller (k22) respectively.
8. according to claim 7ly pass through the energy-conservation bank bridge system of formula double trolley, it is characterized in that: the horizontal crochet of described 3rd " L " type hook portion (m1) and the described horizontal crochet of described 4th " L " type hook portion (m2) with mutual back to mode arrange; Wherein said 3rd " L " type hook portion (m1) and described 4th " L " type hook portion (m2) are symmetrical arranged about the center line of the length direction of described crossbeam structure.
9. the energy-conservation bank bridge system of formula of passing through double trolley according to any one of claim 1-8, is characterized in that: the upper dolly traction also comprised for driving upper dolly to draw is wound around subsystem and the lower dolly traction for driving lower dolly to draw is wound around subsystem.
10. the energy-conservation bank bridge system of formula of passing through double trolley according to any one of claim 1-9, it is characterized in that: described lower dolly (k70) comprises first traveling gear (s12) and the second traveling gear (s29) that can be arranged on dolly (k40) guide rail both sides with walking, by the rigid-frame (s7) that described first traveling gear (s12) is connected with described second traveling gear (s29), and be connected to the lower suspender (k80) of described rigid-frame (s7) below; Described rigid-frame (s7) has inner cavity size and is greater than the physical dimension of dolly (k40) and with the structure space (s8) passed for described upper dolly (k40), described lower dolly (k70) meets the following conditions: the balancing torque Σ Ms that the gravity of described lower dolly (k70) causes is greater than the capsizing moment Σ Mo of the horizontal inertial force of described lower dolly (k70).
11. according to claim 10ly pass through the energy-conservation bank bridge system of formula double trolley, it is characterized in that: described rigid-frame (s7) comprises two vertical stand and a suspender carrier bar; Two described vertical stand are connected with described first traveling gear (s12) and described second traveling gear (s29), and described suspender (k80) is connected to immediately below described suspender carrier bar; U-shaped described structure space (s8) is formed between two described vertical stand and described suspender carrier bar.
12. according to claim 11ly pass through the energy-conservation bank bridge system of formula double trolley, it is characterized in that: the lateral surface of described first traveling gear (s12) and described second traveling gear (s29) is connected to the upper end inwall of described vertical stand, and the steel wheel malleation of described first traveling gear (s12) and described second traveling gear (s29) is on the 3rd guide rail (s5) and described 4th guide rail (s6) of correspondence.
13. energy-conservation bank bridge systems of formula of passing through double trolley according to any one of claim 10-12, is characterized in that: the computing formula of described balancing torque Σ Ms is: Σ Ms=G lower dollyl lower dolly+ G hang and carryl hang and carry; The computing formula of described capsizing moment Σ Mo is: Σ Mo=F lower dolly force of inertial the lower dolly inertia arm of force+ F wind loadl the wind load arm of force+ F steel rope deflecting forcel the steel rope deflection arm of force.
14. energy-conservation bank bridge systems of formula of passing through double trolley according to any one of claim 1-13; it is characterized in that: be also provided with fender guard; described fender guard comprises the oil cylinder mechanism be located in described crossbeam structure; described oil cylinder mechanism can be connected with the changed course assembly pulley rising steel rope being wound with described upper dolly (k40) and described lower dolly (k70) respectively, to make described hoist rope relax by corresponding changed course assembly pulley.
15. energy-conservation bank bridge systems of formula of passing through double trolley according to any one of claim 1-14, is characterized in that: also comprise preventing described lower dolly (k70) from the first anti-bias structure of left and right skew occurring; Described first anti-bias structure comprises the first horizontal guide sheave (s31) outside the steel wheel being located at described first traveling gear (s12), and the second horizontal guide sheave (s32) outside the steel wheel being located at described second traveling gear (s29); When described lower dolly (k70) offsets left, the outside that described first horizontal guide sheave (s31) is pressed on described first guide rail (s5) offsets left to stop the steel wheel of described first traveling gear (s12); When described lower dolly (k70) offsets to the right, the outside that described second horizontal guide sheave (s32) is pressed on described second guide rail (s6) offsets to the right to stop the steel wheel of described second traveling gear (s29).
16. energy-conservation bank bridge systems of formula of passing through double trolley according to any one of claim 1-15, is characterized in that: also comprise preventing described upper dolly (k40) from the second anti-bias structure of left and right skew occurring; Described second anti-bias structure comprises three horizontal guide sheave (s33) of steel wheel away from described first guide rail (s3) side that the third line being located at described upper dolly (k40) walks mechanism, and the fourth line being located at described upper dolly (k40) walks four horizontal guide sheave (s34) of steel wheel away from described second guide rail (s4) side of mechanism; When described upper dolly (k40) offsets left, the outside that described 4th horizontal guide sheave (s34) is pressed on described second guide rail (s4) offsets left with the steel wheel stoping described fourth line and walk mechanism; When described upper dolly (k40) offsets to the right, the outside that described 3rd horizontal guide sheave (s33) is pressed on described first guide rail (s3) offsets to the right with the steel wheel stoping described the third line and walk mechanism.
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