CN104259420B - A kind of method that die casting machine and mould are separated automatically with die casting machine - Google Patents

A kind of method that die casting machine and mould are separated automatically with die casting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104259420B
CN104259420B CN201410536125.6A CN201410536125A CN104259420B CN 104259420 B CN104259420 B CN 104259420B CN 201410536125 A CN201410536125 A CN 201410536125A CN 104259420 B CN104259420 B CN 104259420B
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mould
die casting
sliding
installing plate
casting machine
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CN104259420A (en
Inventor
吴治华
罗俊
娄阳
刘可启
余英洪
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Hunan Hangtian Chengyuan Precision Machinery Co Ltd
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Hunan Hangtian Chengyuan Precision Machinery Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D17/00Pressure die casting or injection die casting, i.e. casting in which the metal is forced into a mould under high pressure

Abstract

A kind of method that die casting machine and mould are separated automatically with die casting machine, this die casting machine comprises die casting machine body, die casting machine body is provided with the counterdie sliding beam of level, also be provided with spring clamp detent mechanism and chain transfer mechanism, spring clamp detent mechanism is positioned at the upper surface of counterdie sliding beam, and the upper surface of counterdie sliding beam has two grooves be parallel to each other; Spring clamp detent mechanism comprises detent mechanism and clamp system, and detent mechanism and clamp system are positioned at the both sides of the groove that two are parallel to each other; Detent mechanism comprises long wheel installing plate, long wheel installing plate and indention parallel, fixes with counterdie sliding beam; Described long wheel installing plate is provided with roller, and the two ends of long wheel installing plate are all curved, form guide angle.The present invention can realize the continuous seepage of multiple die-cast product; Enhance productivity.

Description

A kind of method that die casting machine and mould are separated automatically with die casting machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to die-casting technique field, be specifically related to a kind of method that die casting machine and mould are separated automatically with die casting machine.
Background technology
Die casting (full name: compression casting) a kind of is poured in pressure chamber by molten metal bath, with the die cavity of high speed filling steel die, and molten metal solidified under stress and forms the casting method of foundry goods; Die casting machine provides die casting pressure in the process of die casting.
In existing die-casting technique field, mould and die casting machine design form are substantially all fixed, patrix and counterdie have fixing relative position, after once mounting puts in place, this fixed mould can not be separated automatically with die casting machine, carry out special die casting (as die casting front mold die cavity need preheating, die casting complete after product need with die cavity directional solidification) time, need to dismantle bed die, the process before die casting is carried out in die casting machine outside or after die casting; When the product variations of die casting, need to shut down disassembling, assembling and replacing mould, this kind of mode of production is difficult to the continuous seepage demand meeting multiple die-cast product, and production efficiency is lower.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is, overcomes the deficiency of above-mentioned background technology, provides the method that the high die casting machine of a kind of continuous seepage, production efficiency realizing multiple die-cast product and mould are separated automatically with die casting machine.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves the employing of its technical problem is:
Die casting machine of the present invention, comprise die casting machine body, described die casting machine body is provided with the counterdie sliding beam of level, also be provided with spring clamp detent mechanism and chain transfer mechanism, described spring clamp detent mechanism is positioned at the upper surface of counterdie sliding beam, and the upper surface of described counterdie sliding beam has two grooves be parallel to each other; Described spring clamp detent mechanism comprises detent mechanism and clamp system, and described detent mechanism and clamp system are positioned at the both sides of the groove that two are parallel to each other;
Described detent mechanism comprises long wheel installing plate, long wheel installing plate and indention parallel, fixes with counterdie sliding beam; Described long wheel installing plate is provided with roller, and the two ends of long wheel installing plate are all curved, form guide angle;
Described clamp system comprises portable plate and fixed head, and all and indention parallel, described portable plate is positioned at the side of fixed head near groove for described portable plate and fixed head; Described portable plate is flexibly connected with counterdie sliding beam; Described portable plate is provided with short roller installing plate near the side of groove, and described short roller installing plate and indention parallel, short roller installing plate is equipped with roller, and the two ends of short roller installing plate are all curved, forms guide angle;
Described fixed head and counterdie sliding beam are fixed, and described fixed head is provided with sliding axle, and sliding axle through fixed head, and is flexibly connected with fixed head; Described sliding axle is provided with spring near one end of portable plate, and sliding axle is provided with one end of spring and portable plate is fixed, and portable plate is flexibly connected with fixed head by sliding axle; Described sliding axle is provided with linear bearing away from one end of portable plate, and linear bearing is flexibly connected with sliding axle, and linear bearing and fixed head are fixed; Described fixed head is also provided with proximity switch; Under the state of spring without compression, the distance 5 ~ 10mm less of the width of mould of described short roller installing plate upper roller end face and long wheel installing plate upper roller end face;
Described chain transfer mechanism comprises frame support structure, described frame support structure comprises two bracing frames be oppositely arranged, support frame as described above is positioned at the both sides of counterdie sliding beam, the crossbeam of two levels is provided with between two bracing frames, every bar crossbeam is positioned at the groove of counterdie sliding beam corresponding thereto, article two, between the two ends that crossbeam is relative, be equipped with back shaft, be provided with the chain of two parallel band rollers between two back shafts, every bar chain is positioned at the groove of counterdie sliding beam corresponding thereto; Support frame as described above is also provided with motor and speed reducer, and described motor is connected with reductor, and reductor is connected with chain.
Further, described detent mechanism also comprises fixed mount, and described long wheel installing plate is fixed by fixed mount and counterdie sliding beam, and described fixed mount is arranged on counterdie walking beam by T-slot screw.
Further, described clamp system also comprises fixed mount, and described fixed head is fixed by fixed mount and counterdie sliding beam, and described fixed mount is arranged on counterdie walking beam by T-slot screw.
Further, the joint of described chain is provided with anti-skidding clamp.
Further, the quantity of described long wheel installing plate and short roller installing plate is 2, and the front and rear of described fixed head is equipped with 2 sliding axles.
Further, the quantity of described long wheel installing plate and short roller installing plate is 3, and the front and rear of described fixed head is equipped with 3 sliding axles.
Further, the quantity of described long wheel installing plate and short roller installing plate is 4, and the front and rear of described fixed head is equipped with 4 sliding axles.
The method that mould of the present invention and die casting machine are separated automatically, comprises the following steps:
(1) mould imports into: carry out filler, preheating to mould; Be placed on by mould on chain, starter motor, driven by motor chain movement, mould transmission enters die casting machine body;
(2) mould location: the guide angle guiding of long wheel installing plate, makes mould lean against on detent mechanism; Short roller installing plate guide angle guiding, makes mould enter spring clamp detent mechanism; Spring-compressed, makes mould locate near detent mechanism; Mould continues to move ahead, when proximity switch detection mould puts in place, and motor stalls, mould fore-and-aft direction is located;
(3) die casting: after mould has been located, counterdie sliding beam moves upward under the effect of oil cylinder, when counterdie sliding beam upper surface is higher than on chain transfer mechanism during working face, mould separating chain contacts with counterdie sliding beam upper surface, counterdie sliding beam holds up mould and leaves chain transfer mechanism working face, carries out die casting;
(4) mould spreads out of: after die casting completes, and counterdie sliding beam drops to its lower limit with oil cylinder piston, and counterdie sliding beam upper surface is lower than working face on chain transfer mechanism; mould and chain contact; starter motor, driven by motor chain movement, mould sends out die casting machine body.
Compared with prior art, the advantage of die casting machine of the present invention is as follows:
(1) spring clamp detent mechanism and chain transfer mechanism is provided with, mould can be realized automatically be separated with die casting machine body, when die-cast product changes, without the need to shutting down disassembling, assembling and replacing mould, only need call corresponding mould can produce, thus realize the continuous seepage of multiple die-cast product, thus enhance productivity; Meanwhile, can coordinate with die unloading device with automatically die-filling, set up extrusion casint flexible automation flow production line.
(2) the present invention be especially applicable to needs carry out special die casting (as die casting front mold die cavity need preheating, die casting complete after product need with die cavity directional solidification) production process; mould can enter die casting machine again and carry out die casting after outside completes pre-treatment (as high temperature preheating); after die casting completes; mould can carry out post processing (as stress relief annealing) at other stations; in the process; die casting machine can continuous seepage, without the need to shutting down dismounting mould, can significantly improve production efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of die casting machine embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is spring clamp detent mechanism, counterdie sliding beam, mould cooperation position schematic diagram embodiment illustrated in fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of spring clamp detent mechanism embodiment illustrated in fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the overall structure schematic diagram of chain transfer mechanism embodiment illustrated in fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is the partial structurtes schematic diagram of chain transfer mechanism embodiment illustrated in fig. 1.
In figure: 1-die casting machine body, 2-spring clamp detent mechanism, 3-mould; 4-chain transfer mechanism; 1-1-counterdie sliding beam, 2-1-detent mechanism, 2-2-clamp system; 2-1-1-long wheel installing plate; 2-1-2-roller, 2-1-3-fixed mount, 2-2-1-short roller installing plate; 2-2-2-portable plate; 2-2-3-fixed head, 2-2-4-spring, 2-2-5-linear bearing; 2-2-6-sliding axle; 4-1-frame support structure, 4-2-chain, 4-3-motor; 4-4-reductor, 4-5-anti-skidding clamp.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and the specific embodiments, the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1
With reference to Fig. 1, die casting machine embodiment of the present invention comprises die casting machine body 1, spring clamp detent mechanism 2 and chain transfer mechanism 4; Die casting machine body 1 is provided with the counterdie sliding beam 1-1 of level, and the upper surface of counterdie sliding beam 1-1 has two grooves be parallel to each other.The die casting machine body 1 of the present embodiment forms through four-column hydraulic press transformation, and the basis of four-column hydraulic press is set up counterdie sliding beam 1-1.
With reference to Fig. 2, spring clamp detent mechanism 2 is positioned at the upper surface of counterdie sliding beam 1-1, and spring clamp detent mechanism 2 comprises detent mechanism 2-1 and clamp system 2-2, and detent mechanism 2-1 and clamp system 2-2 is positioned at the both sides of the groove that two are parallel to each other.
Two block length roller installing plate 2-1-1 and fixed mount 2-1-3 are comprised with reference to Fig. 3, detent mechanism 2-1; Two block length roller installing plate 2-1-1 all and indention parallel, and are fixed by fixed mount 2-1-3 and counterdie sliding beam 1-1, and fixed mount 2-1-3 is arranged on counterdie walking beam 1-1 by T-slot screw; Two block length roller installing plate 2-1-1 are provided with roller 2-1-2, and the two ends of two block length roller installing plate 2-1-1 are all curved, form guide angle.
Clamp system 2-2 comprises portable plate 2-2-2, fixed head 2-2-3 and fixed mount 2-1-3, and all and indention parallel, portable plate 2-2-2 is positioned at the side of fixed head 2-2-3 near groove to portable plate 2-2-2 and fixed head 2-2-3; Portable plate 2-2-2 is flexibly connected with counterdie sliding beam 1-1; Portable plate 2-2-2 is provided with two pieces short roller installing plate 2-2-1 near the side of groove, two pieces short roller installing plate 2-2-1 all and indention parallel, two pieces short roller installing plate 2-2-1 are equipped with roller 2-1-2, and the two ends of two pieces short roller installing plate 2-2-1 are all curved, form guide angle.
Fixed head 2-2-3 is fixed by fixed mount 2-1-3 and counterdie sliding beam 1-1, and fixed mount 2-1-3 is arranged on counterdie walking beam 1-1 by T-slot screw; The front and rear of fixed head 2-2-3 is equipped with two sliding axle 2-2-6, and sliding axle 2-2-6 all through fixed head 2-2-3, and is flexibly connected with fixed head 2-2-3; Sliding axle 2-2-6 is provided with spring 2-2-4 near one end of portable plate 2-2-2, and one end that sliding axle 2-2-6 is provided with spring 2-2-4 is fixed by screw and portable plate 2-2-2, and portable plate 2-2-2 is flexibly connected with fixed head 2-2-3 by sliding axle 2-2-6; Sliding axle 2-2-6 is provided with linear bearing 2-2-5 away from one end of portable plate 2-2-2, and linear bearing 2-2-5 is flexibly connected with sliding axle 2-2-6, and linear bearing 2-2-5 is fixed by screw and fixed head 2-2-3; Fixed head 2-2-3 is also provided with proximity switch; Under the state of spring without compression, the distance 5mm less of the width of mould 3 of short roller installing plate 2-2-1 upper roller 2-1-2 end face and long wheel installing plate 2-1-1 upper roller 2-1-2 end face.
With reference to Fig. 4, chain transfer mechanism 4 comprises frame support structure 4-1, frame support structure 4-1 comprises two bracing frames be oppositely arranged, bracing frame is positioned at the both sides of counterdie sliding beam 1-1, the crossbeam of two levels is provided with between two bracing frames, every bar crossbeam is positioned at the groove of counterdie sliding beam 1-1 corresponding thereto, article two, between the two ends that crossbeam is relative, be equipped with back shaft, the chain 4-2 of two parallel band rollers is provided with between two back shafts, every bar chain 4-2 is positioned at the groove of counterdie sliding beam 1-1 corresponding thereto, with reference to Fig. 5, the joint of chain 4-2 is provided with anti-skidding clamp 4-5, chain 4-2 is when transmission mould 3, can prevent mould 3 from skidding on chain 4-2, bracing frame is also provided with motor 4-3 and reductor 4-4, motor 4-3 is connected with reductor 4-4, and reductor 4-4 is connected with chain 4-2.
The method that mould and the die casting machine of the present embodiment are separated automatically comprises the following steps:
(1) mould imports into: carry out filler, preheating to mould 3; Be placed on by mould 3 on chain 4-2, starter motor 4-3, motor 4-3 drives chain 4-2 motion, and mould 3 transmits and enters die casting machine body 1;
(2) mould location: the guide angle guiding of long wheel installing plate 2-1-1, makes mould 3 lean against on detent mechanism 2-1; Short roller installing plate 2-2-1 guide angle guiding, makes mould 3 enter spring clamp detent mechanism 2; Spring 2-2-4 compresses, and mould 3 is located near detent mechanism 2-1; Mould 3 continues to move ahead, and when proximity switch detection mould puts in place, motor 4-3 stops operating, and mould 3 fore-and-aft direction is located;
(3) die casting: after mould has been located, counterdie sliding beam 1-1 moves upward under the effect of oil cylinder, when counterdie sliding beam 1-1 upper surface is higher than on chain transfer mechanism 4 during working face, mould 3 departs from chain 4-2 and contacts with counterdie sliding beam 1-1 upper surface, counterdie sliding beam 1-1 holds up mould 3 and leaves chain transfer mechanism 4 working face, carries out die casting;
(4) mould spreads out of: after die casting completes, counterdie sliding beam 1-1 drops to its lower limit with oil cylinder piston, counterdie sliding beam 1-1 upper surface is lower than working face on chain transfer mechanism 4, mould 3 contacts with chain 4-2, starter motor 4-3, motor 4-3 drives chain 4-2 motion, and mould 3 sends out die casting machine body 1; Next mould transmission enters die casting machine body 1, repeats above-mentioned steps.
Embodiment 2
The difference of the die casting machine of the present embodiment die casting machine and embodiment 1 is only: detent mechanism 2-1 comprises 1 block length roller installing plate 2-1-1 and fixed mount 2-1-3; Portable plate 2-2-2 is provided with 1 piece short roller installing plate 2-2-1 near the side of groove; The front and rear of fixed head 2-2-3 is respectively provided with 1 sliding axle 2-2-6; Under the state of spring without compression, the distance 6mm less of the width of mould 3 of short roller installing plate 2-2-1 upper roller 2-1-2 end face and long wheel installing plate 2-1-1 upper roller 2-1-2 end face.All the other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3
The difference of the die casting machine of the present embodiment die casting machine and embodiment 1 is only: detent mechanism 2-1 comprises 3 block length roller installing plate 2-1-1 and fixed mount 2-1-3; Portable plate 2-2-2 is provided with 3 pieces short roller installing plate 2-2-1 near the side of groove; The front and rear of fixed head 2-2-3 is respectively provided with 3 sliding axle 2-2-6; Under the state of spring without compression, the distance 8mm less of the width of mould 3 of short roller installing plate 2-2-1 upper roller 2-1-2 end face and long wheel installing plate 2-1-1 upper roller 2-1-2 end face.All the other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 4
The difference of the die casting machine of the present embodiment and the die casting machine of embodiment 1 is only: detent mechanism 2-1 comprises 4 block length roller installing plate 2-1-1 and fixed mount 2-1-3; Portable plate 2-2-2 is provided with 4 pieces short roller installing plate 2-2-1 near the side of groove; The front and rear of fixed head 2-2-3 is respectively provided with 4 sliding axle 2-2-6; Under the state of spring without compression, the distance 10mm less of the width of mould 3 of short roller installing plate 2-2-1 upper roller 2-1-2 end face and long wheel installing plate 2-1-1 upper roller 2-1-2 end face.All the other are with embodiment 1.
Those skilled in the art can carry out various modifications and variations to the embodiment of the present invention, if these amendments and modification are within the scope of the claims in the present invention and equivalent technologies thereof, then these revise and modification also within protection scope of the present invention.
The prior art that the content do not described in detail in description is known to the skilled person.

Claims (8)

1. a die casting machine, comprise die casting machine body (1), described die casting machine body (1) is provided with the counterdie sliding beam (1-1) of level, it is characterized in that: be also provided with spring clamp detent mechanism (2) and chain transfer mechanism (4), described spring clamp detent mechanism (2) is positioned at the upper surface of counterdie sliding beam (1-1), and the upper surface of described counterdie sliding beam (1-1) has two grooves be parallel to each other; Described spring clamp detent mechanism (2) comprises detent mechanism (2-1) and clamp system (2-2), and described detent mechanism (2-1) and clamp system (2-2) are positioned at the both sides of the groove that two are parallel to each other;
Described detent mechanism (2-1) comprises long wheel installing plate (2-1-1), long wheel installing plate (2-1-1) and indention parallel, fixes with counterdie sliding beam (1-1); Described long wheel installing plate (2-1-1) is provided with roller (2-1-2), and the two ends of long wheel installing plate (2-1-1) are all curved, form guide angle;
Described clamp system (2-2) comprises portable plate (2-2-2) and fixed head (2-2-3), and all and indention parallel, described portable plate (2-2-2) is positioned at the side of fixed head (2-2-3) near groove for described portable plate (2-2-2) and fixed head (2-2-3); Described portable plate (2-2-2) is flexibly connected with counterdie sliding beam (1-1); Described portable plate (2-2-2) is provided with short roller installing plate (2-2-1) near the side of groove, described short roller installing plate (2-2-1) and indention parallel, short roller installing plate (2-2-1) is equipped with roller (2-1-2), the two ends of short roller installing plate (2-2-1) are all curved, form guide angle;
Described fixed head (2-2-3) is fixed with counterdie sliding beam (1-1), and described fixed head (2-2-3) is provided with sliding axle (2-2-6), and sliding axle (2-2-6) through fixed head (2-2-3), and is flexibly connected with fixed head (2-2-3); Described sliding axle (2-2-6) is provided with spring (2-2-4) near one end of portable plate (2-2-2), sliding axle (2-2-6) is provided with one end of spring (2-2-4) and portable plate (2-2-2) is fixed, and portable plate (2-2-2) is flexibly connected with fixed head (2-2-3) by sliding axle (2-2-6); Described sliding axle (2-2-6) is provided with linear bearing (2-2-5) away from one end of portable plate (2-2-2), and linear bearing (2-2-5) is flexibly connected with sliding axle (2-2-6), and linear bearing (2-2-5) is fixed with fixed head (2-2-3); Described fixed head (2-2-3) is also provided with proximity switch; At spring without under the state compressed, the distance 5 ~ 10mm less of the width of mould (3) of described short roller installing plate (2-2-1) upper roller (2-1-2) end face and long wheel installing plate (2-1-1) upper roller (2-1-2) end face;
Described chain transfer mechanism (4) comprises frame support structure (4-1), described frame support structure (4-1) comprises two bracing frames be oppositely arranged, support frame as described above is positioned at the both sides of counterdie sliding beam (1-1), the crossbeam of two levels is provided with between two bracing frames, every bar crossbeam is positioned at the groove of counterdie sliding beam (1-1) corresponding thereto, article two, between the two ends that crossbeam is relative, be equipped with back shaft, the chain (4-2) of two parallel band rollers is provided with between two back shafts, every bar chain (4-2) is positioned at the groove of counterdie sliding beam (1-1) corresponding thereto, support frame as described above is also provided with motor (4-3) and reductor (4-4), described motor (4-3) is connected with reductor (4-4), and reductor (4-4) is connected with chain (4-2).
2. die casting machine as claimed in claim 1; it is characterized in that: described detent mechanism (2-1) also comprises fixed mount (2-1-3); described long wheel installing plate (2-1-1) is fixed by fixed mount (2-1-3) and counterdie sliding beam (1-1), and described fixed mount (2-1-3) is arranged on counterdie walking beam (1-1) by T-slot screw.
3. die casting machine as claimed in claim 1; it is characterized in that: described clamp system (2-2) also comprises fixed mount (2-1-3); described fixed head (2-2-3) is fixed by fixed mount (2-1-3) and counterdie sliding beam (1-1), and described fixed mount (2-1-3) is arranged on counterdie walking beam (1-1) by T-slot screw.
4. die casting machine as claimed any one in claims 1 to 3, is characterized in that: the joint of described chain (4-2) is provided with anti-skidding clamp (4-5).
5. die casting machine as claimed any one in claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that: the quantity of described long wheel installing plate (2-1-1) and short roller installing plate (2-2-1) is 2, the front and rear of described fixed head (2-2-3) is equipped with 2 sliding axles (2-2-6).
6. die casting machine as claimed any one in claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that: the quantity of described long wheel installing plate (2-1-1) and short roller installing plate (2-2-1) is 3, the front and rear of described fixed head (2-2-3) is equipped with 3 sliding axles (2-2-6).
7. die casting machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the quantity of described long wheel installing plate (2-1-1) and short roller installing plate (2-2-1) is 4, the front and rear of described fixed head (2-2-3) is equipped with 4 sliding axles (2-2-6).
8. the method that is automatically separated with the die casting machine according to any one of claim 1 to 7 of mould, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
(1) mould imports into: carry out filler, preheating to mould (3); Be placed on by mould (3) on chain (4-2), starter motor (4-3), motor (4-3) drives chain (4-2) to move, and mould (3) transmits and enters die casting machine body (1);
(2) mould location: the guide angle guiding of long wheel installing plate (2-1-1), makes mould (3) lean against on detent mechanism (2-1); Short roller installing plate (2-2-1) guide angle guiding, makes mould (3) enter spring clamp detent mechanism (2); Spring (2-2-4) compresses, and mould (3) is located near detent mechanism (2-1); Mould (3) continues to move ahead, and when proximity switch detection mould puts in place, motor (4-3) stops operating, and mould (3) fore-and-aft direction is located;
(3) die casting: after mould has been located, counterdie sliding beam (1-1) moves upward under the effect of oil cylinder, when counterdie sliding beam (1-1) upper surface working face upper higher than chain transfer mechanism (4), mould (3) departs from chain (4-2) and contacts with counterdie sliding beam (1-1) upper surface, counterdie sliding beam (1-1) holds up mould (3) and leaves chain transfer mechanism (4) working face, carries out die casting;
(4) mould spreads out of: after die casting completes; counterdie sliding beam (1-1) drops to its lower limit with oil cylinder piston; counterdie sliding beam (1-1) upper surface is lower than the upper working face of chain transfer mechanism (4); mould (3) contacts with chain (4-2); starter motor (4-3); motor (4-3) drives chain (4-2) to move, and mould (3) sends out die casting machine body (1).
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