CN104259349B - Metal damper blank wind - Google Patents

Metal damper blank wind Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104259349B
CN104259349B CN201410396272.8A CN201410396272A CN104259349B CN 104259349 B CN104259349 B CN 104259349B CN 201410396272 A CN201410396272 A CN 201410396272A CN 104259349 B CN104259349 B CN 104259349B
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Prior art keywords
mandrel
nut
power
contact pin
metal damper
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CN201410396272.8A
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CN104259349A (en
Inventor
张乐
李安静
彭振洲
刘亚峰
余峰
陈尤平
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Wuhan Sanjiang Aerospace Yuanfang Technology Co Ltd
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Wuhan Sanjiang Aerospace Yuanfang Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of metal damper blank wind, and it comprises the first power mechanism and the 2nd power mechanism, and the output terminal of the first power mechanism is fixedly connected with mandrel, and the excircle of mandrel is provided with at least two circle mandrel contact pins; The output shaft of the 2nd power mechanism is connected with the screw rod end winding support of nut-screw transmission rig, the nut of nut-screw transmission rig is provided with thread guide mechanism, thread guide mechanism comprises by wire leading pipe and traction pipe, the axis of wire leading pipe is same straight line with the axis of traction pipe, and the axis of traction pipe and the axes normal of mandrel are arranged. The present invention can realize spacing stretching, the winding of blank different directions of helical coil, and then realizes the object of metal damper blank braiding automatization, determines pitch stretching, metal winding working procedure by hand to replace, significantly improves product consistence and production efficiency.

Description

Metal damper blank wind
Technical field
The present invention relates to the metal damper that can be widely used in the field such as aerospace, space vehicle, specifically refer to a kind of metal damper blank wind.
Background technology
Metal damper is made through multiple techniques such as helical coil winding, spacing stretching, blank braiding, impact briquettings by stainless steel metal wire, metal damper not only possesses the damping property of rubber shock absorber, simultaneously can high-low temperature resistant, corrosion-resistant etc., it is possible to extensively for the special requirement of aerospace, space vehicle and civilian goods operating mode. But the complex manufacturing technology of metal damper, namely the metal damper wind of the present invention is a kind of knit unit being applicable to metal damper blank weaving, the process of making blank of existing metal damper mainly contains hand woven and wire cloth braiding etc. automatically, use traditional-handwork making method by the human and material resources of at substantial, and efficiency is low and has discordance; And the automatic weaving of wire cloth, be metal wire knitted is become netted after be rolled into metal damper blank, often there is the uneven problem compacted in its green density, and demixing phenomenon easily occurs.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is exactly the deficiency being solved above-mentioned background technology, it is provided that a kind of metal damper blank wind that can replace traditional-handwork making metal damper.
The technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of metal damper blank wind, comprise power control box, it is characterized in that: the first power mechanism and the 2nd power mechanism that output terminal is arranged in parallel and rotates are installed in described power control box, the output terminal of described first power mechanism is connected with mandrel by axle sleeve, and the excircle of described mandrel is provided with the mandrel contact pin that at least two circles are wound around for metal spiral volume; The described output terminal of the 2nd power mechanism is connected with screw rod one end of nut-screw transmission rig, the nut of described nut-screw transmission rig is installed with for the thread guide mechanism that metal spiral volume stretches, described thread guide mechanism to lead a direction vertical with the axis direction of mandrel.
In such scheme:
Described 2nd power mechanism is provided with two covers, is arranged in parallel in the both sides of the first power mechanism respectively;Accordingly, described nut-screw transmission rig and on thread guide mechanism be also provided with two covers, be arranged in the both sides of mandrel.
Described mandrel is hollow communicating structure, the two ends of described mandrel are respectively arranged with front end end cover and rear end cap, the circumference face of described mandrel has radially at least been offered two circle open holess, the central shaft of each open holes of same circle intersects on the central shaft of described mandrel, described mandrel inner chamber is filled with the packing material that can be passed by described mandrel contact pin, described mandrel contact pin is radially arranged in described open holes, described mandrel contact pin wherein one section be plugged in described packing material.
Described mandrel is hollow cylindrical, and described front end end cover and rear end cap are fixed on the two ends of mandrel by shrink-fit.
Preferably, described mandrel contact pin one end is through corresponding open holes and extends in packing material, and the described mandrel contact pin the other end radially extends to mandrel exterior.
Preferably, described mandrel contact pin runs through packing material, and the two ends of described mandrel contact pin pass open holes respectively and radially extend to mandrel exterior.
The open holes number of turns that the circumference face of described mandrel is offered is even numbers.
Described thread guide mechanism comprises the basic framework on the nut being fixedly mounted on nut-screw transmission rig, described basic framework is provided with wire leading pipe away from the side of mandrel, described basic framework is provided with traction pipe near the side of mandrel, and described wire leading pipe is coaxial and vertical with the axis direction of mandrel with the axial line of traction pipe.
Described basic framework comprises back up pad and U-shaped plate, described back up pad is fixedly mounted on the nut of nut-screw transmission rig, described U-shaped plate comprises middle pectoral plate and wing plates on two sides, described middle pectoral plate is fixing on the supporting plate, described wing plates on two sides is offered the through hole of concentricity axle, described wire leading pipe is embedded in the through hole of the wing plate away from mandrel side, and described traction pipe is embedded in the through hole of the wing plate of mandrel side.
Described wire leading pipe comprises sleeve and interior core, and described inner core cover is contained in sleeve, and described interior core has offered the first through hole along axis, and described first through-hole aperture is less than metal spiral volume external diameter; Described traction pipe has offered the 2nd through hole along axis, and described 2nd through-hole aperture is greater than metal spiral volume external diameter.
The first power mechanism of the present invention drives mandrel to rotate, and provides power for helical coil spacing stretches; And the 2nd power mechanism is by nut-screw transmission rig transmission, thread guide mechanism can be made to do linear reciprocating motion; The present invention is in use, one end of helical coil is in advance through thread guide mechanism and on the fixing mandrel contact pin being woven in a wherein circle, after mandrel rotates, helical coil is driven constantly to be less than the wire leading pipe of helical coil external diameter by diameter, pulling force after utilizing the tube wall of wire leading pipe and the frictional force of helical coil to carry out balanced spiral volume stretching, by controlling the aperture, interior hole of wire leading pipe, coordinate helical coil external diameter, it is possible to by helical coil spacing stretching different lengths; After helical coil spacing stretches, helical coil is rotated with, in thread guide mechanism rectilinear movement process, helical coil is stretched as spring line and automatic winding forms metal damper blank on mandrel at mandrel. By control mandrel velocity of rotation and thread guide mechanism rectilinear movement speed, it may be achieved manufacture the object of the mesh shape of different metal vibroshock blank.
The metal damper blank wind of the present invention, the spacing that can realize helical coil stretches, blank different directions is wound around, and then realize the object of metal damper blank braiding automatization, determine pitch stretching, metal winding working procedure by hand to replace, significantly improve product consistence and production efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the one-piece construction schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is that in the present invention, mandrel arranges schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is thread guide mechanism schematic diagram in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the side-view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is that after becoming spring line after helical coil stretches, order is wound around schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 intersects after becoming spring line after helical coil stretches to be wound around schematic diagram.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in further detail.
With reference to figure 1, a kind of metal damper blank wind of the present embodiment, it comprises power control box 8, three power mechanisms it are provided with in this power control box 8, being respectively a first power mechanism and two the 2nd power mechanisms, wherein the first power mechanism is between two the 2nd power mechanisms, and the first power mechanism and the 2nd power mechanism are drive-motor, the output terminal of all drive-motor all passes controlling box 1, and the output terminal of all drive-motor is all arranged in parallel and can rotate.
With reference to figure 2, the output shaft of the first power mechanism of the present embodiment is fixedly connected with mandrel 1 by axle sleeve 9, mandrel 1 is hollow communicating structure, and the two ends of mandrel 1 are respectively arranged with front end end cover 1.1 and rear end cap 1.2, and front end end cover 1.1 and rear end cap 1.2 are fixed on the two ends of mandrel 1 by shrink-fit, the circumference face of mandrel 1 is radially at least offered two circles for installing the open holes 1.4 of mandrel contact pin 2, make due to single metal vibroshock and need two circle mandrel contact pins 2, therefore, the number of turns of open holes 1.4 should be even numbers circle, the central shaft of each open holes 1.4 of same circle intersects on the central shaft of mandrel 1, mandrel 1 inner chamber is filled with the packing material 1.3 that can be passed by mandrel contact pin 2, packing material 1.3 can elect cotton material as, elastomeric material, magneticsubstance etc., mandrel contact pin 2 is radially arranged in open holes 1.4, mandrel contact pin 2 wherein one section must ensure to be plugged in packing material 1.3, the object of design is that can to realize mandrel contact pin 2 quick like this, stable installation: mandrel contact pin 2 can conveniently load in mandrel open holes 1.4, in mandrel 1, mandrel contact pin 2 is fixed rapidly by packing material 1.3 simultaneously, mandrel contact pin 2 difficult drop-off, can conveniently pull down simultaneously, improve product stability.
The mode that plugs of mandrel contact pin 2 has two kinds: one, mandrel contact pin 2 one end through corresponding open holes 1.4 and extends in packing material 1.3, and mandrel contact pin 2 the other end radially extends to mandrel 1 outside; Two, mandrel contact pin 2 runs through packing material 1.3, and the two ends of mandrel contact pin 2 pass open holes 1.4 respectively and radially to mandrel 1 outside extend.
The present embodiment is connected with screw rod one end end winding support of a nut-screw transmission rig 3 the output terminal of each the 2nd power mechanism is all corresponding, the screw rod end correspondence of this side nut-screw transmission rig 3 is sleeved in the output shaft of the 2nd power mechanism to realize being fixedly connected with of the two, and the screw rod the other end end of nut-screw transmission rig 3 supports by supporting walls 12. The nut of nut-screw transmission rig 3 is provided with thread guide mechanism 4, when the 2nd power mechanism or rotary work, drives thread guide mechanism 4 to do straight line by nut-screw transmission rig 3 and come and go motion. The thread guide mechanism 4 of the present embodiment comprises the basic framework 5 being fixedly installed on nut-screw transmission rig 3 output and nut, basic framework 5 is installed with the thread guide mechanism 4 rolling up 13 stretchings for metal spiral, thread guide mechanism 4 to lead a direction vertical with the axis direction of mandrel 1.
With reference to figure 3 and Fig. 4, the basic framework 5 of the present embodiment comprises back up pad 10 and U-shaped plate 11, back up pad 10 is fixedly mounted on the nut of nut-screw transmission rig 3, U-shaped plate 11 comprises middle pectoral plate 11.1 and wing plates on two sides 11.2,11.3, middle pectoral plate 11.1 is fixed in back up pad 10, wing plates on two sides 11.2,11.3 is offered the through hole of concentricity axle, wire leading pipe 6 is embedded in the through hole of the wing plate 11.2 away from mandrel 1 side, and traction pipe 7 is embedded in the through hole of the wing plate 11.3 of mandrel 1 side.
Above-mentioned wire leading pipe 6 comprises sleeve 6.1 and interior core 6.2, and interior core 6.2 is sleeved in sleeve 6.1, and interior core 6.2 has offered the first through hole along axis, and the first through-hole aperture is less than metal spiral and rolls up 13 external diameters; And draw pipe 7 along axis and offered the 2nd through hole, the 2nd through-hole aperture is greater than metal spiral and rolls up 13 external diameters.
First power mechanism of embodiment drives mandrel 1 to rotate, and provides power for helical coil spacing stretches; And the 2nd power mechanism is by nut-screw transmission rig 3 mechanism driving, corresponding thread guide mechanism 4 can be made to do linear reciprocating motion.
The present embodiment is in use, one end of helical coil is in advance through thread guide mechanism 4 and on the mandrel contact pin 2 of a wherein circle of fixing braiding, after mandrel 1 rotates, helical coil is driven constantly to be less than the wire leading pipe 6 of helical coil external diameter by diameter, pulling force after utilizing the tube wall of wire leading pipe 6 and the frictional force of helical coil to carry out balanced spiral volume stretching, by controlling the aperture, interior hole of wire leading pipe 6, coordinate helical coil external diameter, it is possible to by helical coil spacing stretching different lengths; After helical coil spacing stretches, helical coil is rotated with, in thread guide mechanism 4 rectilinear movement process, helical coil is stretched as spring line and automatic winding forms metal damper blank on mandrel 1 at mandrel 1.
When each power mechanism in power control box 8 does not start, helical coil is after thread guide mechanism 4, helical coil can carry out blank establishment, such as in the two circle mandrel contact pins 2 made on same vibroshock, the mandrel contact pin 2 of each circle is 12, it is positioned at the mandrel contact pin 2 called after 0H~11H (locating point as on front side of blank) respectively of front side, it is positioned at the mandrel contact pin 2 called after 0L~11L (locating point as side after blank) respectively of rear side, after helical coil is stretched by thread guide mechanism spacing, spring line after stretching is wrapped in 0H~11H, on 0L~11L, spring line can be wound in different latticed, the such as spring line order shown in Fig. 5 is wound around and the intersection shown in Fig. 6 is wound around, after spring line has been wound around, by the rectilinear movement speed of control mandrel 1 velocity of rotation and thread guide mechanism 4, spring line after stretching, namely angle that can be different, spacing is wrapped on mandrel contact pin 5, complete different mesh metal vibroshock blank establishment.
Compared with the prior art, the advantage of the present embodiment is:
1, blank braiding automatization can be realized: the helical coil that wire is made is after wire conduit, it is wrapped on blank mandrel, by rotation mandrel and movable wire guide mechanism, the spacing realizing helical coil stretches, blank different directions is wound around, and then instead of and manual determine pitch stretching, metal winding working procedure, significantly improve product consistence and production efficiency;
2, at metal damper blank winding process, by control mandrel velocity of rotation, thread guide mechanism rectilinear movement speed, it is possible to realize the different open weave objects of blank, change vibroshock damping property, make blank more compact, evenly simultaneously.

Claims (10)

1. a metal damper blank wind, comprise power control box (8), it is characterized in that: the first power mechanism and the 2nd power mechanism that output terminal is arranged in parallel and rotates are installed in described power control box (8), the output terminal of described first power mechanism is connected with mandrel (1) by axle sleeve (9), and the excircle of described mandrel (1) is provided with the mandrel contact pin (2) that at least two circles are wound around for metal spiral volume (13);The output terminal of described 2nd power mechanism is connected with screw rod one end of nut-screw transmission rig (3), the nut of described nut-screw transmission rig (3) is installed with and rolls up (13) thread guide mechanism (4) of stretching for metal spiral, described thread guide mechanism (4) to lead a direction vertical with the axis direction of mandrel (1).
2. metal damper blank wind according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described 2nd power mechanism is provided with two covers, is arranged in parallel in the both sides of the first power mechanism respectively; Accordingly, described nut-screw transmission rig (3) and on thread guide mechanism (4) be also provided with two covers, be arranged in the both sides of mandrel (1).
3. metal damper blank wind according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described mandrel (1) is hollow communicating structure, the two ends of described mandrel (1) are respectively arranged with front end end cover (1.1) and rear end cap (1.2), the circumference face of described mandrel (1) has radially at least been offered two circle open holess (1.4), the central shaft of each open holes (1.4) of same circle intersects on the central shaft of described mandrel (1), described mandrel (1) inner chamber is filled with the packing material (1.3) that can be passed by described mandrel contact pin (2), described mandrel contact pin (2) is radially arranged in described open holes (1.4), described mandrel contact pin (2) wherein one section be plugged in described packing material (1.3).
4. metal damper blank wind according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described mandrel (1) is in hollow cylindrical, and described front end end cover (1.1) and rear end cap (1.2) are fixed on the two ends of mandrel (1) by shrink-fit.
5. metal damper blank wind according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described mandrel contact pin (2) one end is through corresponding open holes (1.4) and extends in packing material (1.3), described mandrel contact pin (2) the other end radially extends to mandrel (1) outside.
6. metal damper blank wind according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described mandrel contact pin (2) runs through packing material (1.3), and the two ends of described mandrel contact pin (2) pass open holes (1.4) respectively and radially to mandrel (1) outside extend.
7. metal damper blank wind according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: open holes (1.4) number of turns that the circumference face of described mandrel (1) is offered is even numbers.
8. metal damper blank wind according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the basic framework (5) that described thread guide mechanism (4) comprises on the nut being fixedly mounted on nut-screw transmission rig (3), described basic framework (5) is provided with wire leading pipe (6) away from the side of mandrel (1), described basic framework (5) is provided with traction pipe (7) near the side of mandrel (1), and described wire leading pipe (6) is coaxial and vertical with the axis direction of mandrel (1) with the axial line of traction pipe (7).
9. metal damper blank wind according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described basic framework (5) comprises back up pad (10) and U-shaped plate (11), described back up pad (10) is fixedly mounted on the nut of nut-screw transmission rig (3), described U-shaped plate (11) comprises middle pectoral plate (11.1) and wing plates on two sides (11.2, 11.3), described middle pectoral plate (11.1) is fixed in back up pad (10), described wing plates on two sides (11.2, 11.3) through hole of concentricity axle is offered on, described wire leading pipe (6) is embedded in away from the through hole of the wing plate (11.2) of mandrel (1) side, described traction pipe (7) is embedded in the through hole of the wing plate (11.3) of mandrel (1) side.
10. metal damper blank wind according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described wire leading pipe (6) comprises sleeve (6.1) and interior core (6.2), described interior core (6.2) is sleeved in sleeve (6.1), described interior core (6.2) has offered the first through hole along axis, and described first through-hole aperture is less than metal spiral volume (13) external diameter; Described traction pipe (7) has offered the 2nd through hole along axis, and described 2nd through-hole aperture is greater than metal spiral volume (13) external diameter.
CN201410396272.8A 2014-08-13 2014-08-13 Metal damper blank wind Active CN104259349B (en)

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CN104259349B true CN104259349B (en) 2016-06-15

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110788260B (en) * 2019-10-11 2021-06-11 东北石油大学 Winding and forming device for metal rubber forming system
CN110788248B (en) * 2019-10-11 2020-12-22 东北石油大学 Metal rubber integrated automatic molding system
CN111136201A (en) * 2020-01-03 2020-05-12 北京强度环境研究所 Winding device of spiral coil stretching and winding system

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GR1002855B (en) * 1997-02-14 1998-02-06 Ευρωκαμπτικη Ανωνυμη Εταιρεια Ερευνας Και Παραγωγης Μηχανηματων.. Method and machine for the production of continuous spiral of any convex polygon fixed cross section from wire or reinforced concrete rod or metallic tube
CN201076894Y (en) * 2007-07-03 2008-06-25 天津市塑料研究所 Metal guidewire spiral winding apparatus
ITBO20080118A1 (en) * 2008-02-21 2009-08-22 Gricor Impianti S R L Device for supporting the bars in machines for making metal cages
CN101780511B (en) * 2009-03-19 2011-10-05 叶超英 Method and device for producing spring bed core full-automatically
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CN203253848U (en) * 2013-05-28 2013-10-30 于法周 Winding device of steel cord

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