CN104257414B - Convertible intensive selective endoscopic surgical tool - Google Patents

Convertible intensive selective endoscopic surgical tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104257414B
CN104257414B CN 201410536858 CN201410536858A CN104257414B CN 104257414 B CN104257414 B CN 104257414B CN 201410536858 CN201410536858 CN 201410536858 CN 201410536858 A CN201410536858 A CN 201410536858A CN 104257414 B CN104257414 B CN 104257414B
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CN 201410536858
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CN104257414A (en )
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高宏
黄东晓
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高宏
黄东晓
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种选择型集约式可转换腔镜手术工具,其包括外壳体;外壳体内设置有管腔通道,外壳体内利用所述管腔通道安装连接杆,连接杆具有第一端以及与所述第一端相对应的第二端;在连接杆的第一端设置有工具操作头,连接杆的第二端设置有推杆,所述推杆嵌置于外壳体上部的推杆导向孔内,推杆能在推杆导向孔内运动,且通过推杆在推杆导向孔内的运动,能使得连接杆第一端端部的工具操作头从外壳体底端的工具出口穿出并临时固定。 The present invention relates to a selection formula can be converted to intensive laparoscopic surgery tool comprising an outer housing; the housing is provided with a lumen within the channel, with the housing body passageway lumen is mounted a connecting rod, the connecting rod having a first end and the said first end a second end corresponding; the connecting rod is provided with a first end of the tool of the operating head, the second end of the connecting rod is provided with a push rod disposed in the rod guide hole insert upper housing body the push rod capable of moving the plunger guide hole, and by moving the plunger in the plunger guide hole, the first connecting rod enables the tool of the operating head from the tool end to end of the bottom end portion of the outer housing and the outlet piercing temporary fixed. 本发明结构紧凑,能将腹腔手术器械有效集成,根据需要进行随时选择转换,避免腹腔镜手术时更换器械的繁琐,和腹腔镜手术台面多种手术器械线路缠绕的烦恼,节省手术时间,增加手术安全性。 Structure of the present invention is compact, capable of effective integration abdominal surgical instrument, when the instrument cumbersome replacement at any time select the conversion, as necessary to avoid laparoscopic surgery, laparoscopic surgery, and the surgical instrument mesa more line wound troubles, saving operation time, increased surgical safety.

Description

选择型集约式可转换腔镜手术工具 Convertible intensive selective endoscopic surgical tool

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及一种手术工具,尤其是一种选择型集约式可转换腔镜手术工具,属于医疗器械的技术领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to a surgical tool, in particular a convertible intensive selective endoscopic surgical tool, belonging to the technical field of medical devices.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]腹腔镜手术是近年来新发展起来的微创手术方式,是未来手术发展的必然趋势。 [0002] Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive surgical approach in recent years, newly developed, it is an inevitable trend in the development of future surgery. 随着科技手段的发展,加上医生越来越娴熟的操作,且因腹腔镜手术本身具有手术创伤小、操作视野广、患者恢复快,痛苦轻等优点,使得许多过去的开放性手术现在已被腔内手术取代。 With the development of scientific and technological means, coupled with more and more doctors skilled operation, and laparoscopic surgery due to surgical trauma itself has a small, wide operating field of vision, patients recover faster, lighter pain, etc., so that many of the past is now open surgery substituted endoluminal procedures. 其作为微创外科的代表,在外科领域被广泛应用,涉及许多病种和手术,受到患者欢迎。 As a representative of minimally invasive surgery, is widely used in surgery, involves a number of diseases and surgery, patients being welcomed. 而且随着科学技术的不断进步,手术器械改进创新,腹腔镜的施展空间将会越来越大。 And with the continuous progress of science and technology, innovation and improved surgical instruments, laparoscopic display space will increase.

[0003]然而腹腔镜手术对手术器械及医生技术要求较高,在腹腔手术中根据不同的要求需要不同腹腔手术工具。 [0003] However, laparoscopic surgical instrument and doctors high technical requirements, require different surgical tools abdominal surgery in the abdominal cavity according to different requirements. 目前,当手术中需要多个手术工具时,大量的手术工具放置在手术台上,术中根据需要选择,大量线路或管道缠绕,会占据手术台的空间,给腹腔手术工具的管理带来大量的问题,容易造成手术工具脱落出无菌区。 Currently, surgery is required when a plurality of surgical tools, a large number of surgical tool is placed on the operating table, surgery need to select a large number of wound line or conduit, will occupy the space of the operating table, the management tool to bring a large number of abdominal surgery the problem is likely to cause the surgical tool off the sterile field. 此外,在手术工件选择过程中,需抽出原有器械,置入新的手术器械,重新对手术操作点定位,也会延长手术时间,增加手术风险,不利于手术的有效进行。 Further, in the surgical work selecting process, out of the original equipment required, inserting the new surgical instrument, the surgical operation to re-point location, it will extend the operation time, increased surgical risk, not conducive for effective operation.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004]本发明的目的是克服现有技术中存在的不足,提供一种选择型集约式可转换腔镜手术工具,其结构紧凑,能将腹腔手术器械有效集成,根据需要进行随时选择转换,操作方便,安全可靠。 [0004] The object of the present invention is to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art to provide an alternative type can be converted to intensive laparoscopic surgery tools, compact structure, capable of effective integration abdominal surgical instrument, according to the need at any time to select the conversion, easy to operate, safe and reliable.

[0005]按照本发明提供的技术方案,所述一种选择型集约式可转换腔镜手术工具,包括外壳体;所述外壳体内设置有若干管腔通道,外壳体内利用所述管腔通道安装连接杆,连接杆在外壳体内沿所述外壳体的长度方向分布;所述连接杆具有第一端以及与所述第一端相对应的第二端;在连接杆的第一端设置有工具操作头,连接杆的第二端设置有推杆,所述推杆嵌置于外壳体上部的推杆导向孔内,推杆能在推杆导向孔内运动,且通过推杆在推杆导向孔内的运动,能使得连接杆第一端端部的工具操作头从外壳体底端的工具出口穿出。 [0005] according to the aspect of the present invention provides the one intensive selective convertible endoscopic surgical tool, comprising an outer housing; the housing body is provided with a plurality of channel lumen, the lumen of the housing body using mounting channel a connecting rod, the connecting rod in the longitudinal direction of the case body along said outer housing distribution; the connecting rod having a first end and a second end of said corresponding first end; a first end of the tool is provided with a connecting rod operating head, a second end of the connecting rod is provided with a push rod disposed in the rod guide hole insert the upper portion of the housing body, the plunger capable of moving the plunger guide hole, and the push rod through the rod guide hole movement, the connecting rod enables the tool of the operating head portion of the first terminal end the outlet piercing tool from the bottom of the outer housing.

[0006]所述推杆倾斜分布于连接杆的第二端,推杆与连接杆的结合部设置有弹性定位块;外壳体的上端部设置有操作定位区,推杆导向孔位于操作定位区上,所述推杆定位孔包括上定位卡槽、连接槽以及下定位卡槽,上定位卡槽通过连接槽与下定位卡槽相连通,上定位卡槽、下定位卡槽与弹性定位块相匹配,推杆通过弹性定位块嵌置在上定位卡槽或下定位卡槽内,使得连接杆在外壳体内的位置定位。 The second end of the [0006] distributed in the tappet inclined connecting rod, the push rod coupling portion with the connecting rod is provided with elastic positioning block; upper portion of the housing body is provided with an operation location area, the push rod positioning guide hole in the operating area on the push rod comprises a positioning hole on the positioning grooves, and a lower connection positioning groove slot, the slot positioned through the connecting groove communicating with the positioning grooves, the positioning slot, and the slot positioning elastic positioning block match, the push rod by elastic positioning blocks embedded in the upper or lower positioning slot positioning slot, such that the position of the connecting rod is positioned in the housing body.

[0007]所述工具操作头包括电刀、电凝、电凝棒、镊子或钳子。 The [0007] operating the tool head comprises an electric knife, coagulation, coagulation rod, tweezers or forceps.

[0008]工具操作头为镊子或钳子时,推杆上设置用于操作所述工具操作头的操作手柄,所述操作手柄包括推杆拉环。 [0008] The operation of the tool head of tweezers or forceps, the operating handle provided for operating the operating head on the tool the push rod, the push rod operating handle comprises a pull ring.

[0009]所述工具操作头采用电刀、电凝或电凝棒时,所述工具操作头与推杆上的开关电连接,所述开关与电凝插头、电刀插头电连接。 [0009] The operation of the tool head using electric knife, or when coagulation coagulation rods, the tool is electrically connected to the switching operation on the head of the push rod, said switch being connected to the plug electrocoagulation electrical plug electric knife.

[0010]所述连接杆的第二端端部穿出外壳体外,且连接杆的第二端端部上套有封帽。 [0010] The second terminal end of the connecting rod piercing shell in vitro, and capped with a sleeve cap second terminal end of the connecting rod.

[0011]所述外壳体包括上壳体以及下壳体,管腔通道位于上壳体内,并沿所述上壳体的长度分布;上壳体与下壳体紧固连接。 [0011] The outer housing comprises an upper housing and a lower housing, the upper housing located within the lumen of the channel, and the length of the housing along the upper profile; upper and lower casings fastened.

[0012]所述管腔通道内设置有冲洗吸引管,所述冲洗吸引管安装在管腔通道内,并能与工具出口相连通。 Disposed within the [0012] flush channel has a lumen suction tube, the irrigation lumen suction tube mounted in the passage, and to an outlet in communication with the tool.

[0013]所述推杆或推杆拉环设置用于与电凝插头、电刀插头电源线连接的连接口。 [0013] The plunger or pusher tab connecting port provided for connection to an electrical plug coagulation, the electric knife power cord.

[0014]本发明的优点:根据手术使用要求,在外壳体的连接杆的第一端安装所需的工具操作头,当需要利用不同工具操作头进行手术操作时,利用推杆以及弹性定位块与推杆导向孔之间的配合,能使得连接杆以及工具操作头保持固定在所需的位置,利用冲洗吸引管还能进行冲洗吸引的操作,结构紧凑,能将腹腔手术器械有效集成,根据需要进行随时选择转换,操作方便,安全可靠。 [0014] The advantages of the present invention: surgical requirements, the outer housing of the connecting rod a first end of the tool to install the required operating head, when the operating head need to use different tools for surgical procedures, the use of the push rod and an elastic positioning block engagement between the push rod and the guide hole, and the connecting rod enables the tool of the operating head remains fixed in the desired position, the suction tube can be flush flushing suction operation, compact structure, capable of effective integration abdominal surgical instrument, according to You need to be converted at any time to choose, easy to operate, safe and reliable.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0015]图1为本发明的结构示意图。 [0015] FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.

[0016]图2为本发明上壳体的结构示意图。 [0016] Fig 2 a schematic view of the structure of the housing of the present invention.

[0017]附图标记说明;1-封帽、2-推杆拉环、3-推杆、4-弹性定位块、5-连接杆、6-上壳体、7_工具操作头、8-工具出口、9-操作定位区、10-上定位卡槽、11-连接槽、12-下定位卡槽、13-紧固连接区以及14-下壳体。 [0017] REFERENCE NUMERALS; 1- caps, pusher tab 2-, 3- push rod, the resilient positioning block 4-, 5- connecting rod, the housing 6- 7_ tool operating head, 8- outlet means, operating location area 9-, 10- positioning slot, 11-connecting groove, the positioning notch 12-, 13- 14- fastening region and the lower housing.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0018]下面结合具体附图和实施例对本发明作进一步说明。 [0018] The following specific embodiments in conjunction with the drawings and embodiments of the present invention will be further described.

[0019]如图1和图2所示:为了能将腹腔手术器械有效集成,根据需要进行随时选择转换,提高操作的便利性与可靠性,本发明包括外壳体;所述外壳体内设置有若干管腔通道,外壳体内利用所述管腔通道安装连接杆5,连接杆5在外壳体内沿所述外壳体的长度方向分布;所述连接杆5具有第一端以及与所述第一端相对应的第二端;在连接杆5的第一端设置有工具操作头7,连接杆5的第二端设置有推杆3,所述推杆3嵌置于外壳体上部的推杆导向孔内,推杆3能在推杆导向孔内运动,且通过推杆3在推杆导向孔内的运动,能使得连接杆5第一端端部的工具操作头7从外壳体底端的工具出口8穿出。 [0019] FIGS. 1 and 2: In order to be able to integrate effectively abdominal surgical instrument, at any time select the conversion, improve ease of operation and reliability required, the present invention comprises an outer housing; the housing body is provided with a plurality of channel lumen, the lumen of the housing body using mounting channel connecting rod 5, the connecting rod 5 are distributed along the longitudinal direction of the case body of the outer shell; the connecting rod 5 having a first end and the first end corresponding to the second end; the first end of the connecting rod 5 is provided with the tool of the operating head 7, a second end of the connecting rod 5 is provided with a push rod 3, the plunger 3 fitted tappet guide hole disposed in the upper housing body the push rod 3 can be moved in the plunger guide hole, and the pusher 3 by the movement of the plunger guide hole, the tool enables the connecting rod 5 of the operating head 7 from the first terminal end of the bottom end of the tool housing fluid outlet 8 piercing.

[0020]具体地,外壳体内的管腔通道小于外壳体的长度,管腔通道能与外壳体底端部的工具出口8相连通。 [0020] In particular, the housing body passageway lumen is less than the length of the housing body, the lumen of the channel can be in communication with an outlet 8 the bottom end of the body portion of the tool housing. 管腔通道在外壳体内呈平行分布,各管腔通道之间相互隔离,外壳体内管腔通道的数量可以根据需要、外壳内径容量和连接杆5的外径进行设置。 Lumen body passageway in the housing in a parallel distribution channels isolation between the lumens, the lumen of the channel number of the housing body can be set according to the capacity of the outer diameter of the inner diameter of the housing and the connecting rod 5 requires. 在任意的管腔通道内可以安装连接杆5,连接杆5贯穿管腔通道,连接杆5第一端端部的工具操作头7邻近工具出口8。 Lumen within any channel can be mounted connecting rod 5, the connecting rod 5 through the lumen of the channel, the tool of the operating head 5 adjacent the first terminal end of the tool 7 connected to the outlet 8 bar. 初始状态下,外壳体内的连接杆5之间相互平行,工具出口8的中心位于外壳体的轴线上。 In the initial state, the housing body between the connecting rod 5 parallel to each other, the central outlet means 8 is positioned on the axis of the housing body.

[0021]推杆3在推杆导向孔内运动时,能带动连接杆5在外壳体内运动,当推杆3在推杆导向孔内向靠近工具出口8的方向运动时,能够将连接杆5第一端端部的工具操作头7从工具出口8穿出,而当推杆3在推杆导向孔内向远离工具出口8的方向运动时,能将与所述连接杆5对应连接的工具操作头7从工具出口8退入外壳体内。 [0021] 3 tappet guide hole when the plunger motion, the body motion can drive the housing 5 the connecting rod, the push rod 3 when the tool is close to the outlet direction 8 of the push rod within the guide hole, the connecting rod 5, can be a tool operating head 7 from end to end portion piercing tool outlet port 8, when the push rod remote from the tool 3 in the outlet direction within the plunger 8 guide hole, and the connecting rod capable of operating the tool head 5 is connected to the corresponding 7 the outlet 8 from the tool back into the outer housing. 在具体实施时,工具出口8每次只能允许一个工具操作头7穿出,避免多个工具操作头7之间的相互干扰。 In a specific embodiment, the outlet means 8 can only allow a piercing tool of the operating head 7, to avoid interference between the plurality of operating the tool head 7.

[0022]所述工具操作头7包括电刀、电凝、电凝棒、镊子或钳子。 The [0022] operating the tool head 7 comprises an electric knife, coagulation, coagulation rod, tweezers or forceps. 所述工具操作头7采用镊子或钳子时,所述推杆3上设置用于操作所述镊子或钳子的操作手柄,所述操作手柄包括推杆拉环2;通过推杆拉环2能实现对镊子以及钳子的操作,推杆拉环2的具体实施结构与现有腹腔镜或内镜手术工具类似或相同,此处不再赘述。 When operation of the tool head 7 using tweezers or forceps, the push rod is provided for operating the operating handle 3 of tweezers or forceps, the operating handle comprises a plunger pull ring 2; ring 2 by pulling the plunger can be realized operation of the forceps and pliers, pull the plunger particular embodiment ring structure 2 with the conventional laparoscopic or endoscopic surgical tool similar or identical, it is not repeated here.

[0023]本发明实施例中,当工具操作头7为电刀、电凝或电凝棒时,使用时需要对工具操作头7进行通电工作,此时,推杆3位于外壳体外的部分设置开关,开关通过设置在推杆3或推杆拉环2上的连接口与电凝插头或电刀插头电源线电连接,当通过电凝插头与外部电源连接时,能够实现工具操作头7的电凝操作功能要求;当通过电刀插头与外部电源连接时,能够实现工具操作头7的电刀操作要求,通过开关能选择电凝插头或电刀插头的连接状态。 [0023] Example embodiments of the present invention, when the tool of the operating head 7 electric knife, rod coagulation or coagulation, the need for the use of the tool head 7 is energized work operation, this time, the pusher portion is disposed outside the body 3 of the housing switch which is provided by the tappet or push rod 3 with the tab connector plug or coagulation electrosurgical plug on the power supply line 2 is connected, when connected to an external power source through a coagulation connector, enables operation of the tool head 7 coagulation operation function requirements; knife when connected by an electrical plug with an external power supply, electric knife operation can be realized in claim 7 is the tool of the operating head, can be selected by the switch connection state of a plug or coagulation electrosurgical plug. 在具体实施时,工具操作头7还可以采用其他常用的手术器械,可以根据需要进行选择设置,只要能够从工具出口8穿出,且不影响操作使用即可,具体不再赘述。 In a specific embodiment, the tool of the operating head 7 may also be employed other conventional surgical instrument, may be selected as desired settings, as long as the piercing tool from the outlet 8, can be used without affecting the operation, which will not be repeated. 在进行一个确定的手术时,根据需要,在外壳体内设置所需的工具操作头,即可在手术操作中选择转换所需的工具操作头7,无需在更换手术器械时拔出、置入并对操作点重新定位,轻松完成手术操作。 Performing a determination operation when, if necessary, the required operating head setting tool outer housing, to select the desired conversion tool in the surgical procedure the operating head 7, without replacing the surgical instrument when pulled out, and placed reposition the operating point, easy to complete the surgical procedure.

[0024]所述推杆3倾斜分布于连接杆5的第二端,推杆3与连接杆5的结合部设置有弹性定位块4;外壳体的上端部设置有操作定位区9,推杆导向孔位于操作定位区9上,所述操作定位区9包括上定位卡槽10、连接槽11以及下定位卡槽12,上定位卡槽10通过连接槽11与下定位卡槽12相连通,上定位卡槽10、下定位卡槽12与弹性定位块4相匹配,推杆3通过弹性定位块4嵌置在上定位卡槽10或下定位卡槽12内,使得连接杆5在外壳体内的位置定位。 [0024] The tappet 3 to the second end of the angular distribution of the connecting rod 5, the push rod coupling portion 3 and the connecting rod 5 is provided with a resilient positioning block 4; upper portion of the housing body is provided with an operation section 9 is positioned, the pusher positioning guide hole in the operating area 9, the operation of the positioning region 9 comprises a positioning slot 10, the connecting groove 11 and the lower locating slots 12, the positioning slot 10 communicates through the connecting groove 11 and the lower positioning slot 12, the positioning slot 10, the slot 12 is positioned with the resilient positioning block 4 match, the pusher 3 by the elastic positioning block 4 embedded in the positioning slot 10 or the slot 12 is positioned, such that the connecting rod 5 in the outer housing location targeting.

[0025]所述推杆3上设置推杆拉环2,所述推杆拉环2位于推杆3的端部,用于对镊子、钳子等可张开操作头的操作。 [0025] The plunger push rod is provided on the pull ring 32, the plunger 2 is located at the plunger end of the tab portion 3 for operating the pair of tweezers, pliers and other expandable operating head. 当然可也设置为其他结构,如,剪刀柄结构,能达到相同效果即可,这是腔镜或内镜手术工具常用结构,此处不再赘述。 Of course, other structures may also be provided, e.g., scissors handle structure, can achieve the same effect, which is commonly used in laparoscopic or endoscopic surgical tool structure, not further described herein.

[0026]本发明实施例中,弹性定位块4具有弹性,通过挤压所述弹性定位块4能够使得弹性定位块4变形,从而改变弹性定位块4的大小。 Embodiment [0026] In the present invention, the resilient elastic positioning block 4, by the resilient pressing piece 4 can be positioned such that the elastic deformation of the positioning block 4, thereby changing the size of the elastic positioning block 4. 操作定位区9的外径小于其余部分的外径。 Operation outside diameter smaller than the outer diameter of the positioning area 9 rest. 上定位卡槽10的宽度以及下定位卡槽12的宽度均大于连接槽11的宽度。 The positioning slot width and the width of the positioning slots 12 of the connector 10 is larger than a width of the groove 11. 一般情况下,弹性定位块4恰好能卡在上定位卡槽10及下定位卡槽12内,当弹性定位块4卡在上定位卡槽10及下定位卡槽12内后,能够对连接杆5的位置进行定位。 In general, the resilient block 4 is positioned just to the card slot 10 in the upper and lower positioning the positioning slot 12, the resilient positioning block 4 when the card is in the positioning slot 10 and lower slot 12 is positioned, it is possible for the connecting rod 5 position for positioning. 下定位卡槽12相比上定位卡槽10更邻近工具出口8,上定位卡槽10、连接槽11以及下定位卡槽12的轴线位于同一直线上。 Compared to the positioning grooves 12 on the positioning slot 10 adjacent the tool more outlet 8, the positioning slot 10, the axis of the connecting groove 11 and the lower slot 12 is positioned on the same line.

[0027]当弹性定位块4位于上定位卡槽10内时,连接杆5第一端端部的工具操作头7会保持在外壳体内;挤压使得弹性定位块4变形,变形后弹性定位块4通过连接槽11进入下定位卡槽12,弹性定位块4恢复形状后,弹性定位块4与下定位卡槽12配合。 [0027] When the elastic positioning block 4 located on the positioning slot 10, the connecting rod 5 the tool of the operating head portion of the first terminal end 7 will remain in the housing body; pressing the elastic deformation of the positioning block 4, the elastic deformation of the positioning block 4 through the connecting groove 11 enters the positioning slot 12, the elastic shape recovery after positioning block 4, 4 and the lower elastic positioning block 12 with positioning slots. 当弹性定位块4位于下定位卡槽12内后,连接杆5第一端端部的工具操作头7会从工具出口8穿出。 When positioned within the elastic 12 positioned under the positioning grooves 4, connecting rod 5 the tool of the operating head 7 will first terminal end of the outlet 8 from the piercing tool. 工具操作头7从工具出口8穿出后,利用弹性定位块4与下定位卡槽12之间的配合关系,能够保持工具操作头7位于工具出口8外的状态,确保手术操作的稳定进行。 After the operation of the tool head 7 from piercing tool outlet port 8, an elastic positioning block 4 with the mating relationship between the positioning notch 12, the operating head 7 can maintain the tool positioned outside of the tool state outlet 8, to ensure a stable surgical operation performed. 连接杆5与外壳体之间还可以采用其他的定位方式,只要能够实现连接杆5位置的定位即可,为本技术领域人员所熟知,此处不再赘述。 5 between the connecting rod and the housing body other targeting methods may also be employed, as long as positioning can be achieved to position the connecting rod 5, oriented to those skilled in the art, it will not be repeated here.

[0028]所述连接杆5的第二端端部穿出外壳体外,且连接杆5的第二端端部上套有封帽1。 [0028] The second terminal end connected to the piercing rod housing 5 in vitro, and the connecting rod sleeve has a sealing cap 5 on the second terminal end. 本发明实施例中,一个封帽1能将外壳体内所有的连接杆5的第二端端部全部罩住,形成连接杆5的限位装置,避免对连接杆5的误操作。 Embodiment, a sealing cap body 1 capable of housing all of the second terminal end of the connecting rod 5 covering all embodiments of the present invention, a limiting device of the connecting rod 5, to avoid misuse of the connecting rod 5.

[0029]所述外壳体包括上壳体6以及下壳体14,管腔通道位于上壳体6内,并沿所述上壳体6的长度分布;上壳体6与下壳体14紧固连接。 [0029] The outer housing includes an upper housing 6 and 14, the lower housing passage lumen located within the housing 6, and along the length of the housing 6 on the distribution; the upper housing and the lower housing 14 tightly 6 solid connection. 上壳体6的下端部设置有紧固连接区13,上壳体6通过紧固连接区13能与下壳体14的端部紧固连接。 The lower end portion of the upper housing 6 is provided with a fastening area 13, the upper housing 613 can be fastened to the end portion of the lower case 14 by fastening region. 当外壳体采用上壳体6与下壳体14配合时,管腔通道均位于上壳体6内,下壳体14内的空腔用于工具操作头7的放置。 When the housing body 614 using mating upper and lower casings, are located on the inner lumen passage housing 6, the lower cavity in the housing 14 for placing the tool of the operating head 7. 工具操作头7与连接杆5之间可以通过卡接、螺接或其他的形式连接固定。 Operating the tool between the head 7 and the connecting rod 5 by a snap, or other form of screwed fixedly connected.

[0030]所述管腔通道内设置有冲洗吸引管,所述冲洗吸引管安装在管腔通道内,并能与工具出口8相连通。 Disposed within the [0030] flush channel has a lumen suction tube, the irrigation lumen suction tube mounted in the passage, and to an outlet 8 communicating with the tool. 上壳体6内的管腔通道也可以安装冲洗吸引管,冲洗吸引管的一端要穿出上壳体6外,冲洗吸引管能与冲洗管道或负压吸引器连接,通过冲洗吸引管能够实现冲洗或吸引,从而满足不同的使用要求。 Lumen passages within the housing 6 may also be mounted on the suction pipe flushing, suction irrigation piercing the upper end of the tube to the outer housing 6, the suction pipe can be flushed with a flushing line connected suction or negative pressure, the suction tube can be achieved by washing flushing or attraction, to meet different requirements.

[0031]本发明根据手术使用要求,在外壳体的连接杆5的第一端安装所需的工具操作头7,当需要利用不同工具操作头7进行手术操作时,利用推杆3以及弹性定位块4与推杆导向孔之间的配合,能使得连接杆5以及工具操作头7保持固定在所需的位置,利用冲洗吸引管还能进行冲洗吸引的操作,结构紧凑,能将腹腔手术器械有效集成,根据需要进行随时选择转换,操作方便,安全可靠。 [0031] According to the present invention, the surgical requirements, the connecting rod a first end of the outer housing 5 is required to operate the tool mounting head 7, when the need to use different tools operating head 7 when the surgical procedure, the use of the push rod 3 and an elastic positioning 4 blocks fit between the push rod and the guide hole, enables operation of the connecting rod 5 and the tool holder head 7 is fixed in the desired position, the suction tube can be flush flushing suction operation, compact structure, capable of abdominal surgical instrument effective integration, at any time choose to convert as needed, easy to operate, safe and reliable.

Claims (8)

  1. 1.一种选择型集约式可转换腔镜手术工具,包括外壳体;其特征是:所述外壳体内设置有若干管腔通道,外壳体内利用所述管腔通道安装连接杆(5),连接杆(5)在外壳体内沿所述外壳体的长度方向分布;所述连接杆(5)具有第一端以及与所述第一端相对应的第二端;在连接杆(5)的第一端设置有工具操作头(7),连接杆(5)的第二端设置有推杆(3),所述推杆(3)嵌置于外壳体上部的推杆导向孔内,推杆(3)能在推杆导向孔内运动,且通过推杆(3)在推杆导向孔内的运动,能使得连接杆(5)第一端端部的工具操作头(7)从外壳体底端的工具出口(8)穿出; 所述推杆(3)倾斜分布于连接杆(5)的第二端,推杆(3)与连接杆(5)的结合部设置有弹性定位块(4);外壳体的上端部设置有操作定位区(9),推杆导向孔位于操作定位区(9)上,所述操作定位区(9)包括上定位卡槽(10)、连接槽(11)以及下定位卡 A convertible intensive selective endoscopic surgical tool, comprising a housing body; characterized in that: said housing body is provided with a plurality of channel lumen, the lumen of the housing body using mounting channel connecting rod (5) connected the rod (5) distributed in the longitudinal direction of the case body along said outer housing; said connecting rod (5) having a first end and a second end of said corresponding first end; a first connecting rod (5) One end of the tool is provided with operating head (7), connecting rod (5) is provided with a second end of the push rod (3), the push rod (3) embedded in the plunger guide hole placed in the upper portion of the housing body, the plunger (3) can be moved in the plunger guide hole, and by the pusher (3) in the motion of the plunger guide hole, enables connecting rod (5) operating the tool head (7) from the first terminal end portion of the outer housing bottom outlet means (8) piercing; the push rod (3) to the connecting rod is inclined profile (5) a second end, the push rod (3) and the connecting rod (5) is provided with a binding portion elastic positioning blocks ( 4); an upper end portion of the outer shell is provided with an operation location area (9), the push rod positioning guide hole in the operating area (9), said operating location area (9) comprises a positioning notch (10), the connecting groove ( 11) and a lower positioning card (12),上定位卡槽(10)通过连接槽(11)与下定位卡槽(12)相连通,上定位卡槽(10)、下定位卡槽(12)与弹性定位块(4)相匹配,推杆(3)通过弹性定位块(4)嵌置在上定位卡槽(10)或下定位卡槽(12)内,使得连接杆(5)在外壳体内的位置定位。 (12), the positioning slots (10) through the connecting groove (11) and the lower locating slot (12) communicating, on the positioning slot (10), the positioning slots (12) and the resilient retaining piece (4) match, the pusher (3) by an elastic positioning block (4) embedded in the positioning slots (10) or the lower locating slot (12), such that the connecting rod (5) positioned within the outer shell in position.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的选择型集约式可转换腔镜手术工具,其特征是:所述工具操作头(7)包括电刀、电凝、电凝棒、镊子或钳子。 The selective intensive according to claim 1 convertible endoscopic surgical tool, characterized in that: said tool operating head (7) comprises an electric knife, coagulation, coagulation rod, tweezers or forceps.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的选择型集约式可转换腔镜手术工具,其特征是:工具操作头(7)为镊子或钳子时,推杆(3)上设置用于操作所述工具操作头(7)的操作手柄,所述操作手柄包括推杆拉环(2)。 Selectable according to claim 2, wherein the intensive convertible endoscopic surgical tool, characterized in that: the tool of the operating head (7) is a tweezers or forceps, the pusher (3) is provided for operating the upper tool operation head (7) of the operating handle, said operating handle comprises a pusher tab (2).
  4. 4.根据权利要求2所述的选择型集约式可转换腔镜手术工具,其特征是:所述工具操作头(7)采用电刀、电凝或电凝棒时,所述工具操作头(7)与推杆(3)上的开关电连接,所述开关与电凝插头、电刀插头电连接。 4. The selection formula can be converted to intensive endoscopic surgical tool according to claim 2, characterized in that: said tool operating head (7) using the electric knife, or when coagulation coagulation rod, operation of the tool head ( 7) the electrical switch on the pusher (3), said electrocoagulation switch plug, the plug is electrically connected to the electric knife.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的选择型集约式可转换腔镜手术工具,其特征是:所述连接杆(5)的第二端端部穿出外壳体外,且连接杆(5)的第二端端部上套有封帽(1)。 The selection formula can be converted to intensive laparoscopic surgery tool according to claim 1, wherein: second terminal end of the connecting rod (5) of the piercing shell in vitro, and the connecting rod (5) of there are sets of sealing cap (1) on both terminal portions.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的选择型集约式可转换腔镜手术工具,其特征是:所述外壳体包括上壳体(6)以及下壳体(14),管腔通道位于上壳体(6)内,并沿所述上壳体(6)的长度分布;上壳体(6)与下壳体(14)紧固连接。 The selective intensive according to claim 1 convertible endoscopic surgical tool, characterized in that: said outer housing includes an upper housing (6) and the lower housing (14), the lumen of the channel located on the housing (6), and the length of the housing (6) distributed along said upper; upper housing (6) and the lower housing (14) fastening.
  7. 7.根据权利要求1所述的选择型集约式可转换腔镜手术工具,其特征是:所述管腔通道内设置有冲洗吸引管,所述冲洗吸引管安装在管腔通道内,并能与工具出口(8)相连通。 The selection can be converted to intensive type of the endoscopic surgical tool as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said inner passage is provided with a flushing lumen suction tube, the irrigation lumen suction tube mounted in the passage, and can and outlet means (8) communicates.
  8. 8.根据权利要求4所述的选择型集约式可转换腔镜手术工具,其特征是:所述推杆(3)或推杆拉环(2)设置用于与电凝插头、电刀插头电源线连接的连接口。 According to claim selection formula can be converted to intensive endoscopic surgical tool of claim 4, wherein: said pushrod (3) or the pusher tab (2) is provided with a plug coagulation, electrosurgical plug power cable connection port.
CN 201410536858 2014-10-11 2014-10-11 Convertible intensive selective endoscopic surgical tool CN104257414B (en)

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