CN104255671A - Branchionus plicatilis artificial water circulation high-yield breeding system and method - Google Patents

Branchionus plicatilis artificial water circulation high-yield breeding system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104255671A
CN104255671A CN201410506077.6A CN201410506077A CN104255671A CN 104255671 A CN104255671 A CN 104255671A CN 201410506077 A CN201410506077 A CN 201410506077A CN 104255671 A CN104255671 A CN 104255671A
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water
catching
insect
breeding ponds
plicatilis
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CN104255671B (en
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黄金田
吕富
张明明
刘飞
王峰
唐玉江
王鑫
沈永龙
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Yangcheng Institute of Technology
Yancheng Institute of Technology
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Yangcheng Institute of Technology
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates

Abstract

The invention relates to a Branchionus plicatilis artificial water circulation high-yield breeding system and method. The Branchionus plicatilis artificial water circulation high-yield breeding system comprises a water inlet tank, at least one Branchionus plicatilis breeding tank, a Branchionus plicatilis collection tank, a Branchionus plicatilis catching tank and a lift pump. A water inlet is arranged at one end of the Branchionus plicatilis breeding tank, a water outlet is arranged at the other end of the Branchionus plicatilis breeding tank, and the Branchionus plicatilis breeding tank is communicated with the water inlet tank through the water inlet and communicated with the Branchionus plicatilis collection tank through the water outlet. The Branchionus plicatilis collection tank is provided with a Branchionus plicatilis catching port and communicated with the Branchionus plicatilis catching tank through the Branchionus plicatilis catching port, and the Branchionus plicatilis catching tank is communicated with the water inlet tank through the lift pump used for pump water in the Branchionus plicatilis catching tank into the water inlet tank. The Branchionus plicatilis artificial water circulation high-yield breeding method includes steps of breeding system building, water feeding, sterilizing, water fertilizing, Branchionus plicatilis inoculating and water-circulation Branchionus plicatilis catching. The Branchionus plicatilis artificial water circulation high-yield breeding system and method can greatly improve the yield of Branchionus plicatilis and meet breeding requirements as the Branchionus plicatilis supply quantity can meet production demands in a balanced way and massive Branchionus plicatilis can be supplied in the crucial period according to production demands; can effectively control the water quality and fertilizer use and increase the frequency of Branchionus plicatilis yield outburst.

Description

Brachionus plicatilis artificial water circulation high-yield cultivating system and breeding method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Cultivating techniques of biological feed, specifically a kind of brachionus plicatilis artificial water circulation high-yield cultivating system and breeding method.
Background technology
Brachionus plicatilis ( brachionus plicatilis) be distributed widely in all kinds of light, the salt water water body such as lake, pond, rivers, coastal waters, because of the proliferative speed that it is exceedingly fast, output is very high, significant in the research of ecosystem structure, function and biological productivity.The nearly kind more than 50 of wheel animalcule in ocean, their majorities live in littoral neritic area.Can mass propgation be carried out in mariculture, and only have brachionus plicatilis a kind of for aquatic/marine animals artificial breeding.Brachionus plicatilis has the features such as adaptive faculty is strong, growth is fast, travelling slow, and being applicable to extensive manually to cultivate, is the indispensable open-mouthed baits of many economic animal young.
Due to the needs of industry development, the seed industry such as artificial crab seedling rearing need large number of biological bait, and traditional breeding method can not meet Production requirement, therefore increase substantially the development of culture of rotifera cultivation output to river crab and related industry significant.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of brachionus plicatilis artificial water circulation high-yield cultivating system and breeding method, it can realize the high-yield cultivating of brachionus plicatilis, meets aquaculture demand.
According to technical scheme provided by the invention: brachionus plicatilis artificial water circulation high-yield cultivating system, it is characterized in that: comprise intake pool, rotifer breeding ponds, Ji Chongchi, insect-catching pond and lift pump, described rotifer breeding ponds is at least one, rotifer breeding ponds one end is provided with water inlet, the other end is provided with discharge outlet, rotifer breeding ponds is connected with intake pool by its water inlet, and rotifer breeding ponds is connected with Ji Chongchi by its discharge outlet; Described Ji Chongchi is provided with insect-catching mouth, and Ji Chongchi is connected with insect-catching pond by its insect-catching mouth; Described insect-catching pond is connected with intake pool by lift pump, and lift pump is used for the water extracting in insect-catching pond to intake pool.
As the further improvement of described culture system, described rotifer breeding ponds has multiple, and multiple rotifer breeding ponds lines up two rows and symmetrical; Between two described row's rotifer breeding ponds, Ji Chongchi is set, the outside of two row's rotifer breeding ponds respectively arranges an intake pool, the intake pool of every side surrounds at least both sides of respective side rotifer breeding ponds, described insect-catching pond is arranged on collection one end, worm pond, Ji Chongchi and insect-catching pond are separated by partition wall, partition wall is furnished with many communicating pipes as insect-catching mouth, both sides, insect-catching pond respectively with the end abutment of two intake pools, described elevator pump is arranged on the both sides sidewall in insect-catching pond.
As the further improvement of described culture system, the single area of described rotifer breeding ponds is 5 ~ 10 mu, and the degree of depth of rotifer breeding ponds is 1.0 ~ 1.2m, and the depth of water in rotifer breeding ponds is 0.8 ~ 1.0m, and each rotifer breeding ponds establishes 1 water inlet and 2 discharge outlet; The width of described Ji Chongchi is the dark 0.2m of depth ratio rotifer breeding ponds of 8 ~ 10m, Ji Chongchi, is 1.2 ~ 1.4m; The width in described insect-catching pond is 8 ~ 10m, and the dark 0.6m of depth ratio rotifer breeding ponds in insect-catching pond, is 1.8 ~ 2.0m, and described insect-catching mouth is arranged on the depth under water 1.0m place of Ji Chongchi; The width of described intake pool is 1 ~ 2m, and the degree of depth of intake pool is 0.4m, the bottom of intake pool and the highest water surface hold the line of rotifer breeding ponds.
The artificial water circulation high-yield cultivating method of brachionus plicatilis, is characterized in that comprising the steps:
A, construction culture system: build the brachionus plicatilis artificial water circulation high-yield cultivating system described in any one of claim 1 ~ 3;
B, water inlet, sterilization: rotifer breeding ponds (2) starts water inlet for first 20 days in cock wheel worm kind, and the salinity of water inlet is 20 ~ 28 ‰; During water inlet rotifer breeding ponds (2) discharge outlet (7) close, in pond during beginning, the depth of water remains on 0.3m ~ 0.5m, utilize solar energy shine water, improve water temperature, afterwards in 7 days by pond water moisturizing to the 1.2m depth of water.The depth of water starts sterilization after reaching requirement, carry out disinfection to water inlet with chlorophos and derris extract, to kill the pest in water, 2g/m pressed by chlorophos 3use, 2g/m pressed by derris extract 3use;
C, rich water: adopt chicken manure and composite fertilizer as fertilizer, chicken manure derives from chicken farm, and composite fertilizer buys in market; Chicken manure is made into fermentation poultry dung, before cock wheel worm kind 7 ~ 15 days, and evenly throw and spread fermentation poultry dung and composite fertilizer, fermentation poultry dung presses 3kg/m 2ratio throw and spread, composite fertilizer is by 15 g/m 2ratio throw spread; Can according to the appropriate applying fertilizer in good time of water transparency in brachionus plicatilis incubation, as long as ensure that water transparency is not less than 40cm;
D, cock wheel worm kind: when natural temperature reaches more than 15 DEG C, in water, algae reproduction is very fast, when water transparency reaches more than 30cm, connects brachionus plicatilis kind, requires brachionus plicatilis band ovum rate more than 30%, inoculum density 30 ~ 50/ml during inoculation;
E, water circulation insect-catching: get final product insect-catching when wheel animalcule density reaches 300/more than ml, open the discharge outlet of rotifer breeding ponds, water in rotifer breeding ponds is entered Ji Chongchi, and the insect-catching mouth of Ji Chongchi is opened simultaneously and is installed insect-catching mesh bag, insect-catching mesh bag diameter 40cm, length 15m ~ 20m, transport being poured in bucket by wheel animalcule after the filter only of the water of insect-catching mesh bag in time when getting worm, get in worm process, lift pump runs always, to keep the water-head in Ji Chongchi and insect-catching pond, favourable insect-catching.
As the further improvement of described breeding method, in described step b, the water inlet of rotifer breeding ponds adopts seawater, and seawater employing aperture is the filter screen filtration of 280 μm ~ 400 μm.Filter screen can adopt nylon bolting silk.
As the further improvement of described breeding method, in described step c, the preparation method of fermentation poultry dung is: pure chicken manure was transported to fermentation hole before annual mid-March, appropriate fresh water is sprayed after fermentation hole is full, muck is soaked do not drip be advisable to choosing muck with instrument, then use plastic film good for fermentation hole closedtop, make it ferment, can use after 5 ~ 10 days.
As the further improvement of described breeding method, described fermentation hole is arranged on two Chi Jiaochu of rotifer breeding ponds water inlet one end, and fermentation pit area is determined according to wheel animalcule pond size, directly applies fertilizer in intake pool when fertilising is added in midway.
As the further improvement of described breeding method, in described steps d, cock wheel worm kind mode comprises by the brachionus plicatilis ovum training method of buying with by brachionus plicatilis pond bed mud training method.
As the further improvement of described breeding method, in described steps d, laboratory culture batch chlorella, be then inoculated in rotifer breeding ponds, inoculum concentration is 200L/ mu, more than algae kind 600,000 cell/and ml.
As the further improvement of described breeding method, in described step e, during each rotifer breeding ponds draining, the lowest water level in rotifer breeding ponds can not be less than 20cm.
In the present invention, cultivate there will be two peaks due to wheel animalcule in early spring, intaking together, it is uneven to there will be wheel animalcule supply, affects Seedling production; Therefore can according to Production requirement, the flooding time of each rotifer breeding ponds that staggers, supplies worm according to plan to reach.
In the present invention, the cultivation pond of cultivating wheel animalcule upper one year generally need not be inoculated again, and meeting self-assembling formation dominant group after liquid manure, to accelerate cultivation speed, available iron chains pulls bed mud, and resting egg is stirred.
the present invention compared with prior art, has following beneficial effect:
1, after adopting water circulation Cultivating techniques of the present invention, wheel animalcule output increases substantially, and can reach 250kg/ mu month ~ 350kg/ mu month, and existing output is at 100 kg/ mus month ~ 150 kg/ mus month;
2, the worm amount that supplies of wheel animalcule can comparatively stable market supply in production, also can supply worm in a large number according to need of production emphasis, meet aquaculture demand period;
3, the present invention is circulation type of rearing, effectively can control water quality and with fertile, increase the frequency of prosperous of wheel animalcule output; Adopt lift pump to concentrate water lift, improve the usefulness of power, economize energy.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of embodiment of the present invention brachionus plicatilis artificial water circulation high-yield cultivating system.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with concrete drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described.
As shown in Figure 1, brachionus plicatilis in embodiment artificial water circulation high-yield cultivating system forms primarily of intake pool 1, rotifer breeding ponds 2, collection worm pond 3, insect-catching pond 4 and lift pump 5, described rotifer breeding ponds 2 is ten, and ten rotifer breeding ponds 2 five five divide into groups, and lines up two rows and symmetrical; The outside arranging collection worm pond 3, two row's rotifer breeding ponds 2 between two row's rotifer breeding ponds 2 respectively arranges an intake pool 1, and the intake pool 1 of every side surrounds the both sides of respective side rotifer breeding ponds 2 [outer side edges and end limit]; Rotifer breeding ponds 2 one end is provided with water inlet 6, and the other end is provided with discharge outlet 7, and rotifer breeding ponds 2 is connected with intake pool 1 by its water inlet 6, and rotifer breeding ponds 2 is connected with collection worm pond 3 by its discharge outlet 7; Described insect-catching pond 4 is arranged on collection one end, worm pond 3, and collection worm pond 3 is separated by partition wall with insect-catching pond 4, partition wall is furnished with the communicating pipe of many diameter 30cm as insect-catching mouth 8, and collection worm pond 3 is connected with insect-catching pond 4 by its insect-catching mouth 8; Both sides, described insect-catching pond 4 respectively with the end abutment of two intake pools 1, described elevator pump is arranged on the both sides sidewall in insect-catching pond 4, and insect-catching pond 4 is connected with intake pool 1 by lift pump 5, lift pump 5 for by the water extracting in insect-catching pond 4 to intake pool 1.Be provided with the lift pump 5 of 2 10 inch in the present embodiment, be equipped with power 7 kilowatts ~ 10 kilowatts.
The single area of described rotifer breeding ponds 2 is 5 ~ 10 mu, and the degree of depth of rotifer breeding ponds 2 is 1.0 ~ 1.2m, and the depth of water in rotifer breeding ponds 2 is 0.8 ~ 1.0m, and each rotifer breeding ponds 2 establishes 1 water inlet 6 and 2 discharge outlet 7.
The width in described collection worm pond 3 is 8 ~ 10m, and the dark 0.2m of depth ratio rotifer breeding ponds 2 in collection worm pond 3, is 1.2 ~ 1.4m.
The width in described insect-catching pond 4 is 8 ~ 10m, and the dark 0.6m of depth ratio rotifer breeding ponds 2 in insect-catching pond 4, be 1.8 ~ 2.0m, described insect-catching mouth 8 is arranged on the depth under water 1.0m place in collection worm pond 3.
The width of described intake pool 1 is 1 ~ 2m, and the degree of depth of intake pool 1 is 0.4m, the bottom of intake pool 1 and the highest water surface hold the line of rotifer breeding ponds 2.
 
Cultivate embodiment 1
The artificial water circulation high-yield cultivating method of brachionus plicatilis in embodiment 1 comprises the steps:
A, construction culture system: build the brachionus plicatilis artificial water circulation high-yield cultivating system shown in Fig. 1;
B, water inlet, sterilization: rotifer breeding ponds 2 starts water inlet for first 20 days in cock wheel worm kind, water inlet adopts seawater, and its salinity is 20 ‰ ,seawater employing aperture is the filter screen filtration of 280 μm, and filter screen adopts nylon bolting silk; During water inlet, the discharge outlet 7 of rotifer breeding ponds 2 is closed, and in pond during beginning, the depth of water remains on 0.3m, utilize solar energy shine water, improve water temperature, afterwards in 5 days by pond water moisturizing to the 1.2m depth of water.The depth of water starts sterilization after reaching requirement, carry out disinfection to water inlet with chlorophos and derris extract, to kill the pest in water, 2g/m pressed by chlorophos 3use, 2g/m pressed by derris extract 3use;
C, rich water: adopt chicken manure and composite fertilizer as fertilizer, chicken manure derives from chicken farm, and composite fertilizer buys in market; Chicken manure is made into fermentation poultry dung, in cock wheel worm kind first 7 days, and evenly throw and spread fermentation poultry dung and composite fertilizer, fermentation poultry dung presses 3kg/m 2ratio throw and spread, composite fertilizer is by 15 g/m 2ratio throw spread; Can according to the appropriate applying fertilizer in good time of water transparency in brachionus plicatilis incubation, as long as ensure that water transparency is not less than 40cm;
D, cock wheel worm kind: when natural temperature reaches more than 15 DEG C, in water, algae reproduction is very fast, when water transparency reaches more than 30cm, connect brachionus plicatilis kind, vaccination ways is the brachionus plicatilis ovum training method with buying, brachionus plicatilis band ovum rate more than 30%, inoculum density 30 ~ 50/ml is required during inoculation;
E, water circulation insect-catching: get final product insect-catching when wheel animalcule density reaches 300/more than ml, open the discharge outlet 7 of rotifer breeding ponds 2, water in rotifer breeding ponds 2 is entered collection worm pond 3, the insect-catching mouth 8 in collection worm pond 3 is opened simultaneously and installs insect-catching mesh bag, insect-catching mesh bag diameter 40cm, length 15m ~ 20m, transport being poured in bucket by wheel animalcule after the filter only of the water of insect-catching mesh bag in time when getting worm, get in worm process, lift pump 5 runs always, to keep the water-head collecting worm pond 3 and insect-catching pond 4, favourable insect-catching.When noting each rotifer breeding ponds 2 draining, the lowest water level in rotifer breeding ponds 2 can not be less than 20cm.
Through statistics, the insect-catching amount of cultivating embodiment 1 is: 260kg/ mu month.
In the step c of this cultivation embodiment 1, the preparation method of described fermentation poultry dung is: pure chicken manure was transported to fermentation hole before annual mid-March, appropriate fresh water is sprayed after fermentation hole is full, muck is soaked do not drip be advisable to choosing muck with instrument, then use plastic film good for fermentation hole closedtop, make it ferment, can use after 5 ~ 10 days.Described fermentation hole is arranged on two Chi Jiaochu of rotifer breeding ponds 2 water inlet 6 one end, and fermentation pit area is determined according to wheel animalcule pond size, directly applies fertilizer in intake pool 1 when fertilising is added in midway.
 
Cultivate embodiment 2
The artificial water circulation high-yield cultivating method of brachionus plicatilis in embodiment 2 comprises the steps:
A, construction culture system: build the brachionus plicatilis artificial water circulation high-yield cultivating system shown in Fig. 1;
B, water inlet, sterilization: rotifer breeding ponds 2 starts water inlet for first 20 days in cock wheel worm kind, water inlet adopts seawater, and its salinity is 24 ‰ ,seawater employing aperture is the filter screen filtration of 320 μm, and filter screen adopts nylon bolting silk; During water inlet, the discharge outlet 7 of rotifer breeding ponds 2 is closed, and in pond during beginning, the depth of water remains on 0.4m ,utilize solar energy shine water, improve water temperature, afterwards in 6 days by pond water moisturizing to the 1.2m depth of water.The depth of water starts sterilization after reaching requirement, carry out disinfection to water inlet with chlorophos and derris extract, to kill the pest in water, 2g/m pressed by chlorophos 3use, 2g/m pressed by derris extract 3use;
C, rich water: adopt chicken manure and composite fertilizer as fertilizer, chicken manure derives from chicken farm, and composite fertilizer buys in market; Chicken manure is made into fermentation poultry dung, in cock wheel worm kind first 10 days, and evenly throw and spread fermentation poultry dung and composite fertilizer, fermentation poultry dung presses 3kg/m 2ratio throw and spread, composite fertilizer is by 15 g/m 2ratio throw spread; Can according to the appropriate applying fertilizer in good time of water transparency in brachionus plicatilis incubation, as long as ensure that water transparency is not less than 40cm;
D, cock wheel worm kind: when natural temperature reaches more than 15 DEG C, in water, algae reproduction is very fast, when water transparency reaches more than 30cm, connect brachionus plicatilis kind, vaccination ways is by brachionus plicatilis pond bed mud training method, brachionus plicatilis band ovum rate more than 30%, inoculum density 30 ~ 50/ml is required during inoculation; In addition laboratory culture batch chlorella, be then inoculated in rotifer breeding ponds 2, inoculum concentration is 200L/ mu, more than algae kind 600,000 cell/and ml;
E, water circulation insect-catching: get final product insect-catching when wheel animalcule density reaches 300/more than ml, open the discharge outlet 7 of rotifer breeding ponds 2, water in rotifer breeding ponds 2 is entered collection worm pond 3, the insect-catching mouth 8 in collection worm pond 3 is opened simultaneously and installs insect-catching mesh bag, insect-catching mesh bag diameter 40cm, length 15m ~ 20m, transport being poured in bucket by wheel animalcule after the filter only of the water of insect-catching mesh bag in time when getting worm, get in worm process, lift pump 5 runs always, to keep the water-head collecting worm pond 3 and insect-catching pond 4, favourable insect-catching.When noting each rotifer breeding ponds 2 draining, the lowest water level in rotifer breeding ponds 2 can not be less than 20cm.
Through statistics, the insect-catching amount of cultivating embodiment 2 is: 310kg/ mu month.
 
Cultivate embodiment 3
The artificial water circulation high-yield cultivating method of brachionus plicatilis in embodiment 3 comprises the steps:
A, construction culture system: adopt the used brachionus plicatilis of embodiment 2 artificial water circulation high-yield cultivating system;
B, water inlet, sterilization: rotifer breeding ponds 2 starts water inlet for first 20 days in cock wheel worm kind, water inlet adopts seawater, and its salinity is 28 ‰ ,seawater employing aperture is the filter screen filtration of 400 μm, and filter screen adopts nylon bolting silk; During water inlet, the discharge outlet 7 of rotifer breeding ponds 2 is closed, and in pond during beginning, the depth of water remains on 0.5m, utilize solar energy shine water, improve water temperature, afterwards in 7 days by pond water moisturizing to the 1.2m depth of water.The depth of water starts sterilization after reaching requirement, carry out disinfection to water inlet with chlorophos and derris extract, to kill the pest in water, 2g/m pressed by chlorophos 3use, 2g/m pressed by derris extract 3use;
C, rich water: adopt chicken manure and composite fertilizer as fertilizer, chicken manure derives from chicken farm, and composite fertilizer buys in market; Chicken manure is made into fermentation poultry dung, in cock wheel worm kind first 15 days, and evenly throw and spread fermentation poultry dung and composite fertilizer, fermentation poultry dung presses 3kg/m 2ratio throw and spread, composite fertilizer is by 15 g/m 2ratio throw spread; Can according to the appropriate applying fertilizer in good time of water transparency in brachionus plicatilis incubation, as long as ensure that water transparency is not less than 40cm;
D, cock wheel worm kind: when natural temperature reaches more than 15 DEG C, in water, algae reproduction is very fast, when water transparency reaches more than 30cm, pulls a bed mud with iron chains; Because this wheel animalcule culture pond is the cultivation pond of cultivating wheel animalcule, need not again inoculate, after liquid manure, meeting self-assembling formation dominant group, is accelerate cultivation speed, and the present embodiment adopts iron chains to pull bed mud, and resting egg is stirred; In addition laboratory culture batch chlorella, be then inoculated in rotifer breeding ponds 2, inoculum concentration is 200L/ mu, more than algae kind 600,000 cell/and ml;
E, water circulation insect-catching: get final product insect-catching when wheel animalcule density reaches 300/more than ml, open the discharge outlet 7 of rotifer breeding ponds 2, water in rotifer breeding ponds 2 is entered collection worm pond 3, the insect-catching mouth 8 in collection worm pond 3 is opened simultaneously and installs insect-catching mesh bag, insect-catching mesh bag diameter 40cm, length 15m ~ 20m, transport being poured in bucket by wheel animalcule after the filter only of the water of insect-catching mesh bag in time when getting worm, get in worm process, lift pump 5 runs always, to keep the water-head collecting worm pond 3 and insect-catching pond 4, favourable insect-catching.When noting each rotifer breeding ponds 2 draining, the lowest water level in rotifer breeding ponds 2 can not be less than 20cm.
Through statistics, the insect-catching amount of cultivating embodiment 3 is: 350kg/ mu month.

Claims (10)

1. brachionus plicatilis artificial water circulation high-yield cultivating system, it is characterized in that: comprise intake pool (1), rotifer breeding ponds (2), Ji Chongchi (3), insect-catching pond (4) and lift pump (5), described rotifer breeding ponds (2) is at least one, rotifer breeding ponds (2) one end is provided with water inlet (6), the other end is provided with discharge outlet (7), rotifer breeding ponds (2) is connected with intake pool (1) by its water inlet (6), and rotifer breeding ponds (2) is connected with Ji Chongchi (3) by its discharge outlet (7); Described Ji Chongchi (3) is provided with insect-catching mouth (8), and Ji Chongchi (3) is connected with insect-catching pond (4) by its insect-catching mouth (8); Described insect-catching pond (4) is connected with intake pool (1) by lift pump (5), lift pump (5) for by the water extracting in insect-catching pond (4) to intake pool (1).
2. brachionus plicatilis artificial water circulation high-yield cultivating system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described rotifer breeding ponds (2) has multiple, and multiple rotifer breeding ponds (2) lines up two rows and symmetrical, between two described rows' rotifer breeding ponds (2), Ji Chongchi (3) is set, the outside of two rows' rotifer breeding ponds (2) respectively arranges an intake pool (1), the intake pool (1) of every side surrounds at least both sides of respective side rotifer breeding ponds (2), described insect-catching pond (4) is arranged on Ji Chongchi (3) one end, Ji Chongchi (3) and insect-catching pond (4) are separated by partition wall, partition wall is furnished with many communicating pipes as insect-catching mouth (8), insect-catching pond (4) both sides respectively with the end abutment of two intake pools (1), described elevator pump is arranged on the both sides sidewall in insect-catching pond (4).
3. brachionus plicatilis artificial water circulation high-yield cultivating system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the single area of described rotifer breeding ponds (2) is 5 ~ 10 mu, the degree of depth of rotifer breeding ponds (2) is 1.0 ~ 1.2m, the depth of water in rotifer breeding ponds (2) is 0.8 ~ 1.0m, and each rotifer breeding ponds (2) establishes 1 water inlet (6) and 2 discharge outlet (7); The width of described Ji Chongchi (3) is the dark 0.2m of depth ratio rotifer breeding ponds (2) of 8 ~ 10m, Ji Chongchi (3); The width of described insect-catching pond (4) is 8 ~ 10m, the dark 0.6m of depth ratio rotifer breeding ponds (2) of insect-catching pond (4), and described insect-catching mouth (8) is arranged on the depth under water 1.0m place of Ji Chongchi (3); The width of described intake pool (1) is 1 ~ 2m, and the degree of depth of intake pool (1) is 0.4m, the bottom of intake pool (1) and the highest water surface hold the line of rotifer breeding ponds (2).
4. the artificial water circulation high-yield cultivating method of brachionus plicatilis, is characterized in that comprising the steps:
A, construction culture system: build the brachionus plicatilis artificial water circulation high-yield cultivating system described in any one of claim 1 ~ 3;
B, water inlet, sterilization: rotifer breeding ponds (2) starts water inlet for first 20 days in cock wheel worm kind, and the salinity of water inlet is 20 ~ 28 ‰; During water inlet rotifer breeding ponds (2) discharge outlet (7) close, in pond during beginning, the depth of water remains on 0.3m ~ 0.5m, utilize solar energy shine water, improve water temperature, afterwards within a week by pond water moisturizing to 1.0 ~ 1.2m depth of water;
The depth of water starts sterilization after reaching requirement, carry out disinfection to water inlet with chlorophos and derris extract, to kill the pest in water, 2g/m pressed by chlorophos 3use, 2g/m pressed by derris extract 3use;
C, rich water: adopt chicken manure and composite fertilizer as fertilizer, chicken manure derives from chicken farm, and composite fertilizer buys in market; Chicken manure is made into fermentation poultry dung, before cock wheel worm kind 7 ~ 15 days, and evenly throw and spread fermentation poultry dung and composite fertilizer, fermentation poultry dung presses 3kg/m 2ratio throw and spread, composite fertilizer is by 15 g/m 2ratio throw spread; Can according to the appropriate applying fertilizer in good time of water transparency in brachionus plicatilis incubation, as long as ensure that water transparency is not less than 40cm;
D, cock wheel worm kind: when natural temperature reaches more than 15 DEG C, when water transparency reaches more than 30cm, connect brachionus plicatilis kind, require brachionus plicatilis band ovum rate more than 30%, inoculum density 30 ~ 50/ml during inoculation;
E, water circulation insect-catching: get final product insect-catching when wheel animalcule density reaches 300/more than ml, open the discharge outlet (7) of rotifer breeding ponds (2), water in rotifer breeding ponds (2) is entered Ji Chongchi (3), the insect-catching mouth (8) of Ji Chongchi (3) is opened simultaneously and installs insect-catching mesh bag, transport wheel animalcule being poured in bucket after the filter only of the water of insect-catching mesh bag in time when getting worm, get in worm process, lift pump (5) runs always, to keep the water-head of Ji Chongchi (3) and insect-catching pond (4), favourable insect-catching.
5. the artificial water circulation high-yield cultivating method of brachionus plicatilis as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that: in described step b, and the water inlet of rotifer breeding ponds (2) adopts seawater, and seawater employing aperture is the filter screen filtration of 280 μm ~ 400 μm.
6. the artificial water circulation high-yield cultivating method of brachionus plicatilis as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: in described step c, the preparation method of fermentation poultry dung is: pure chicken manure was transported to fermentation hole before annual mid-March, appropriate fresh water is sprayed after fermentation hole is full, muck is soaked do not drip be advisable to choosing muck with instrument, then use plastic film good for fermentation hole closedtop, make it ferment, can use after 5 ~ 10 days.
7. the artificial water circulation high-yield cultivating method of brachionus plicatilis as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that: described fermentation hole is arranged on two Chi Jiaochu of rotifer breeding ponds (2) water inlet (6) one end, directly apply fertilizer in intake pool (1) when fertilising is added in midway.
8. the artificial water circulation high-yield cultivating method of brachionus plicatilis as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that: in described steps d, and cock wheel worm kind mode comprises by the brachionus plicatilis ovum training method of buying with by brachionus plicatilis pond bed mud training method.
9. the artificial water circulation high-yield cultivating method of brachionus plicatilis as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: in described steps d, laboratory culture batch chlorella, be then inoculated in rotifer breeding ponds (2), inoculum concentration is 200L/ mu, more than algae kind 600,000 cell/and ml.
10. the artificial water circulation high-yield cultivating method of brachionus plicatilis as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: in described step e, during each rotifer breeding ponds (2) draining, the lowest water level in rotifer breeding ponds (2) can not be less than 20cm.
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