CN104255232A - Method for cultivating high-quality anise high in oil content - Google Patents

Method for cultivating high-quality anise high in oil content Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104255232A
CN104255232A CN201410454334.6A CN201410454334A CN104255232A CN 104255232 A CN104255232 A CN 104255232A CN 201410454334 A CN201410454334 A CN 201410454334A CN 104255232 A CN104255232 A CN 104255232A
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seed
anise
fertilizer
quality
anistree
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CN201410454334.6A
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CN104255232B (en
Inventor
黄胜
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Fangchenggang Fangcheng District Nasuo Perfume Factory
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黄胜
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention provides a method for cultivating high-quality anise high in oil content. The method comprises the following steps of seed basking, seed steeping, seed dressing, seed sowing, nanometer ceramsite water solution preparing and organic fertilizer preparing and applying. By means of the method, the uniform growth of anise seedlings is facilitated, the sound growth of the anise seedlings is facilitated, and the yield and the quality of anise are improved.

Description

A kind of cultivation method of oil content high high-quality anise
Technical field
The present invention relates to arviculture field, particularly relate to a kind of cultivation method of oil content high high-quality anise.
Background technology
Anise is the precious economic tree of one of China South Subtropical Area of China, originates in Zuojiang, guangxi and basin, the Youjiang River, in the tropical rain forest of height above sea level 200-500 rice.The laudatory title that Guangxi is enjoyed " township of anise ", area and output all account for the whole nation more than 85%, account for the world more than 70%.
Anistree whole body is all precious, is used as medicine, has in temperature and whet the appetite, the curative effect of dispelling cold with fruit.Its pericarp, seed and Ye Jun contain aromatic oil, and fresh fruit skin is containing 5%-6%, and seed is containing 1.7-2.7%, and leaf is containing 0.75-0.9%, and main component is fennel fan at the tenth of the twelve Earthly Branches.Be mainly used in food, beer, medicine and commodity, as perfumed soap, toothpaste, tooth powder, perfume etc.In addition, after division approach for Illicium verum planting 3-5 just closing grow into forest, and loose with fragranced.Have safflower, light red flower, spend in vain and chrysanthemum four kinds of colors, the florescence is long, can play planting trees on barren hills, maintains the effect of the ecological balance.Wooden excellent, not damaged by worms, is the good material manufacturing various furniture.
Anistree medical value is high, and purposes is more extensive, and machinable kind gets more and more, and consumption figure is also increasing.The excellent product of anistree high yield how is made to be the problem that modern Economy Development society extremely pays close attention to.And traditional division approach for Illicium verum planting method seed treatment not fertile incorrect, defect such as unreasonable of applying fertilizer of science, choosing before planting, the anistree oil content causing conventional octagonal implantation methods to plant out is low, fruit size differs, uneven, yields poorly and the result of anistree poor quality.
Summary of the invention
Low in order to solve anistree oil content in background technology, fruit size differs, uneven, yield poorly and the problem of anistree poor quality, the invention provides one to contribute to anistree seedling and neatly grow, be conducive to growing up strong and sturdy of anistree seedling, improve the method for anistree seed output and quality.
Technical scheme provided by the invention is:
1, a cultivation method for oil content high high-quality anise, is characterized in that, comprises following cultivation step:
1) bask seeds: pick out full anistree seed, be placed on the ground, ted 2 ~ 3 days continuously, within interval 4-6 hour, stir once;
2) soak seed: Seed soaking, first use soaked in cold water 12 ~ 24 hours, be placed in indoor and dry in the shade 2-4 hour;
3) sow: be 40-50cm at line-spacing, spacing in the rows is in the scope of 35-40cm, and single cave keeps anistree planting density to sow in " V " font;
4) the nanometer haydite aqueous solution is prepared: haydite is crushed to the particle that particle diameter is 600-800um, the material ratio according to 1: 5-10 adds distilled water mixing and stirring;
5) prepare fertilizer: by step 4) in the aqueous solution of preparation add chicken manure, stalk, tea bran, clover, manioc waste, soybean slag and Organic Selenium to and be placed in fermentation vat and ferment 10-20 days, dry rear pulverizing and obtain fertilizer;
6) apply fertilizer: base manure, based on fertilizer, is aided with inorganic fertilizer 0.5% ~ 0.8% urea, 0.2% ~ 0.4% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.5% ~ 1% superphosphate, the zinc molybdate of 0.02%-0.05%.
Preferably, the cultivation method of described oil content high high-quality anise, is characterized in that, step 2) in cold water invade bubble after available become thoroughly decomposed urea seed soaking.
Preferably, the cultivation method of described oil content high high-quality anise, it is characterized in that, step 5) in nanometer haydite, chicken manure, stalk, wheat bran, tea bran, clover, manioc waste, soybean slag and Organic Selenium be add water after 1: 4: 4: 4: 4: 6: 5: 5 mixing according to mass percent, the ratio adding water is 20% ~ 30% of mixture, pile up, within 18 ~ 25 days after piling, turn over 1 time, and supplement the moisture of 5% ~ 10%.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
1, bask seeds and can promote seed afterripening, reduction water content, increases the water absorbing capacity of seed, improves enzymic activity, promotes respiration, and make to emerge soon and neatly, the germ can also killed on seed coat of basking seeds, prevents the harm of anistree sick worm.
2, Seed soaking mainly supplies moisture, with water energy submergence seed for degree, emerge in worm water after clear water soaks, after neutron absorption moisture, seed coat expands softening, the permeability of seed strengthens, being dissolved in oxygen in water along with moisture enters cell, the enzyme in seed is made to start activation, preferably add urea liquid seed soaking of becoming thoroughly decomposed, the urea that becomes thoroughly decomposed seed soaking not only makes the favourable germination of Seed imbibes, also there is fertile effect of planting, nutriment in urea infiltrates in seed, due to the effect of enzyme, the insoluble substance of seed storage also changes soluble substance into gradually, embryo obtains moisture, energy and nutriment, thus promote the quick and neat germination of seed.
3, nanometer haydite is added in water, nanometer haydite makes water negative ionization, produces the trace elements such as Mg, Fe, F, Se, N, P, K, supplements the nutritive element had needed for anistree growth, promote anistree growth comprehensively, especially can promote the raising of the composition of fennel fan at the tenth of the twelve Earthly Branches.
4, the selection of fertilizer, has abundant nutriment in the fertilizer of selection, combines the effect providing fertility of wheat bran, the bactericidal action of tea bran and manioc waste, soybean slag; Promote the anistree absorption to nitrogen, phosphorus, potash fertilizer, promote the accumulation of anistree dry matter, improve anistree output, be aided with inorganic fertilizer 0.5% ~ 0.8% urea in addition, 0.2% ~ 0.4% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.5% ~ 1% superphosphate, the zinc molybdate of 0.02%-0.05%, adopt the combination of fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer, meet the nutritional need of anistree process of growth, facilitate anistree high-quality growth, oil mass is low, solve anistree fruit not of uniform size, uneven, yield poorly and the problem of anistree poor quality.
Embodiment
Following examples further illustrate of the present invention, but absolutely not limit the scope of the present invention.Elaborate the present invention further referring to embodiment, but it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the preparation method of these embodiments and use.And those skilled in the art can carry out equivalent replacement, combination, improvement to the present invention according to description of the invention or modify, and these all comprise within the scope of the invention.
Embodiment 1
1) bask seeds: pick out full anistree seed, be placed on the ground, ted 2 days continuously, interval is stirred once for 4 hours;
2) soak seed: Seed soaking, first use soaked in cold water 12 hours, be placed in indoor and dry in the shade 2 hours;
3) sow: be 40-50cm at line-spacing, spacing in the rows is in the scope of 35-40cm, and single cave keeps anistree planting density to sow in " V " font;
4) the nanometer haydite aqueous solution is prepared: haydite is crushed to the particle that particle diameter is 600um, the material ratio according to 1: 5 adds distilled water mixing and stirring;
5) prepare fertilizer: by step 4) in the aqueous solution of preparation add chicken manure, stalk, tea bran, clover, manioc waste, soybean slag and Organic Selenium to and be placed in fermentation vat and ferment 10-20 days, dry rear pulverizing and obtain fertilizer, nanometer haydite, chicken manure, stalk, wheat bran, tea bran, clover, manioc waste, soybean slag and Organic Selenium according to mass percent be 1: 4: 4: 4: 4: 6: 5: 5 mixing after add water, the ratio adding water is 20%% of mixture, pile up, within 18 days after piling, turn over 1 time, and supplement the moisture of 5%;
6) apply fertilizer: base manure, based on fertilizer, is aided with inorganic fertilizer 0.8% urea, 0.2% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 1% superphosphate, the zinc molybdate of 0.05%.
According to the present embodiment plant out anistree oil content comparatively conventional method to improve 25%, anistree fruit size is neat, and regularity reaches 92%, and output comparatively conventional method will improve 22%.
Embodiment 2
Traditional implantation methods:
Seed selection: conventionally choose seeds, and directly sow after the anistree presprouting of seeds selected, single cave individual plant;
Use base manure: seed selection fertile soil, irrigation and drainage are convenient, and the sandy loam soil of ventilating good uses sufficient base manure; Base manure is that fertilizer and farmyard manure carry out being mixed to get according to 3: 1 ratios.Fertilizer is the mixture of sheep excrement, cow dung, chicken manure, pig manure and Wheat Straw, and its weight ratio is 2: 3: 1: 3: 1.
Field management: seedling stage notes prevention against water-logging, the middle and later periods notes anti-arid, in good time pest control;
Gather: conventionally gather.
Prior to seeding, 2500 times of chlopyrifos solution are adopted to dress seed.
Although embodiment of the present invention are open as above, but it is not restricted to listed in specification and embodiment utilization, it can be applied to various applicable the field of the invention completely, for those skilled in the art, can easily realize other amendment, therefore do not deviating under the universal that claim and equivalency range limit, the present invention is not limited to specific details and illustrates here and the embodiment described.

Claims (3)

1. a cultivation method for oil content high high-quality anise, is characterized in that, comprises following cultivation step:
1) bask seeds: pick out full anistree seed, be placed on the ground, ted 2 ~ 3 days continuously, within interval 4-6 hour, stir once;
2) soak seed: Seed soaking, first use soaked in cold water 12 ~ 24 hours, be placed in indoor and dry in the shade 2-4 hour;
3) sow: be 40-50cm at line-spacing, spacing in the rows is in the scope of 35-40cm, and single cave keeps anistree planting density to sow in " V " font;
4) the nanometer haydite aqueous solution is prepared: haydite is crushed to the particle that particle diameter is 600-800um, the material ratio according to 1: 5-10 adds distilled water mixing and stirring;
5) prepare fertilizer: by step 4) in the aqueous solution of preparation add chicken manure, stalk, tea bran, clover, manioc waste, soybean slag and Organic Selenium to and be placed in fermentation vat and ferment 10-20 days, dry rear pulverizing and obtain fertilizer;
6) apply fertilizer: base manure, based on fertilizer, is aided with inorganic fertilizer 0.5% ~ 0.8% urea, 0.2% ~ 0.4% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.5% ~ 1% superphosphate, the zinc molybdate of 0.02%-0.05%.
2. the cultivation method of oil content high high-quality anise according to claim 1, is characterized in that, step 2) in cold water invade bubble after available become thoroughly decomposed urea seed soaking.
3. the cultivation method of oil content high high-quality anise according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, step 5) in nanometer haydite, chicken manure, stalk, wheat bran, tea bran, clover, manioc waste, soybean slag and Organic Selenium be add water after 1: 4: 4: 4: 4: 6: 5: 5 mixing according to mass percent, the ratio adding water is 20% ~ 30% of mixture, pile up, within 18 ~ 25 days after piling, turn over 1 time, and supplement the moisture of 5% ~ 10%.
CN201410454334.6A 2014-09-09 2014-09-09 Method for cultivating high-quality anise high in oil content Active CN104255232B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105359955A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-03-02 广西南宁桂知科技有限公司 Anise quick propagation method
CN106083253A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-11-09 广西南宁诺尔网络通讯技术有限公司 The plantation dedicated fertilizer of a kind of selenium-rich anise and application thereof
CN106305295A (en) * 2016-08-24 2017-01-11 农祥堂 Planting method of anises

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000125655A (en) * 1998-10-22 2000-05-09 Kunichika Sano Culture of illicium religiosum
CN103703952A (en) * 2012-09-29 2014-04-09 玉林市逸兴农业科技发展总公司 Cultivation method of organic star anise
CN103703949A (en) * 2012-09-29 2014-04-09 黄宏伟 Method of raising seedlings of high-grade star anise

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000125655A (en) * 1998-10-22 2000-05-09 Kunichika Sano Culture of illicium religiosum
CN103703952A (en) * 2012-09-29 2014-04-09 玉林市逸兴农业科技发展总公司 Cultivation method of organic star anise
CN103703949A (en) * 2012-09-29 2014-04-09 黄宏伟 Method of raising seedlings of high-grade star anise

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
郭忠: "浅谈金秀瑶族自治县八角丰产栽培技术", 《吉林农业》 *
顾涛等: "八角育苗技术", 《广西林业》 *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105359955A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-03-02 广西南宁桂知科技有限公司 Anise quick propagation method
CN106083253A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-11-09 广西南宁诺尔网络通讯技术有限公司 The plantation dedicated fertilizer of a kind of selenium-rich anise and application thereof
CN106305295A (en) * 2016-08-24 2017-01-11 农祥堂 Planting method of anises

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Effective date of registration: 20181225

Address after: 538000 Gao Jianye, Fangchenggang Town, Fangcheng District, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (Pig Yaoling, Nasuo Village)

Patentee after: Fangchenggang Fangcheng District Nasuo Perfume Factory

Address before: No. 113 Nianjitun, Changqiao Village, Shilang Township, Ningming County, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, 532500

Patentee before: Huang Sheng