CN104250984B - Three cutter head silt removers - Google Patents

Three cutter head silt removers Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104250984B
CN104250984B CN201410478082.0A CN201410478082A CN104250984B CN 104250984 B CN104250984 B CN 104250984B CN 201410478082 A CN201410478082 A CN 201410478082A CN 104250984 B CN104250984 B CN 104250984B
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reamer
frame
mud
row
buoyancy aid
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CN104250984A (en
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卜建余
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卜建余
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of three cutter head silt removers, comprise buoyancy aid, Accrete clearing device and mud discharging device, buoyancy aid comprises multiple elemental floating body and web plate; Accrete clearing device comprises row frame and power set, and the head of row frame is provided with the reamer frame vertical with row frame, and the two ends of described reamer frame are separately installed with the reamer of bucket wheel type; Row's pureed device comprises two mud suction mouths, commutation room and shore pipe. Adopt two tubes rows mud, in two bucket wheels of twin-bucket wheel-type reamer, a suction pipe is respectively set, suction pipe stretches in reamer, the mud sucking-off that can will have just produced, when silt remover capable frame desilting to the left, the reamer desilting on the left side, the mud suction mouth on the left side siphons away mud, the membrane that now commutates closes the right import, the mud suction mouth on the right is closed, the content of mud in effectively avoiding the mud suction mouth water suction on the right affect the efficiency of slush pump and reduce the slime water of slush pump extraction, it is to increase desilting efficiency data and mud concentration.

Description

Three cutter head silt removers
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of silt remover, it is specifically related to a kind of three cutter head silt removers.
Background technology
The desilting head list that the silt remover that existing desilting field is commonly used is generally twists suction, single bucket wheel formula, its weak point is to back-silt seriously, easily secondary pollution is caused to cause desilting defective in construction waters, not stopping, river course narrow, accurately location and clearing up completely cannot be accomplished under the working conditions that water level is low. The dredging effect of the wheeled silt remover of twin-bucket obviously promotes, but same exist serious problem of back-silting, meanwhile, when the mud of bottom of river channel is harder, and the downward desilting of reamer that twin-bucket is wheeled, but reamer frame is easily shelved and on riverbed, causes reamer can not go deep into desilting. In addition, the buoyancy aid of existing silt remover is monoblock type or two bigger buoyancy aid compositions normally, transport inconvenience.
Summary of the invention
For solving the deficiencies in the prior art, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of convenient transportation, desilting three cutter head silt remover completely.
The technical scheme that the present invention takes is:
A kind of three cutter head silt removers, comprise buoyancy aid, Accrete clearing device and mud discharging device, described buoyancy aid comprises multiple elemental floating body and web plate, the bottom correspondence in the connection face of described adjacent floating body unit is provided with the rectangular-shaped button hook faced upward or downward, the outer side that two elemental floating bodies are adjacent is provided with pin hole, described web plate is connected to the side of two adjacent elemental floating bodies, and described web plate is provided with the connection hole corresponding with pin hole, is provided with pin in described connection hole; Described Accrete clearing device comprises row frame and power set, the tail end of described row frame is installed on buoyancy aid head through universal joint, the head of row frame is provided with the reamer frame vertical with row frame, the two ends of described reamer frame are separately installed with the reamer of bucket wheel type, the two ends that described reamer is connected to reamer frame through bearing are drive state, also being provided with guiding between described two reamers to break ground cutter, the described guiding cutter that breaks ground is installed on below reamer frame, and described power set is speed reducer device or hydraulic efficiency plant; Described row's pureed device comprises two mud suction mouths, commutation room and shore pipe, the input terminus of described two mud suction mouths stretches to the inside of two bucket wheel type reamers respectively, the Liang Ge input hole UNICOM commutation room of the output terminal of described two mud suction mouths on the sidewall of the front end of room of commutating, the sidewall delivery outlet of described shore pipe through rear end, room of commutating and commutation room UNICOM.
Further, described speed reducer device comprises step-down gear, transmission shaft, transverse axis and vertical pivot, described step-down gear is installed on the afterbody of row frame, described transmission shaft is connected to row frame through bearing, described transverse axis is connected to reamer frame through bearing, described transmission shaft is connected through bevel gear pair with transverse axis, and described reamer is installed on the two ends of transverse axis; Described vertical pivot is vertically connected to the bottom of reamer frame through bearing, and described transverse axis is connected through bevel gear pair with vertical pivot, and the described guiding cutter that breaks ground is installed on the bottom of vertical pivot.
Further, described hydraulic efficiency plant comprises hydro-pump and oil motor, and described hydro-pump is installed on buoyancy aid, and described two reamers are connected to oil motor, and described oil motor is connected with hydro-pump.
Again further, described commutation indoor are provided with dividing plate, and one end of described dividing plate is articulated with rear end sidewall through bearing pin and is positioned at the position of the centre of two pipelines, the other end of described dividing plate in rotation process respectively with left and right sidewall contact; The end face of commutation room is stretched out in described bearing pin one end, and the external part fixed vertical of bearing pin is connected with union lever, and the two ends of described union lever are connected with commutation steel cable.
The present invention takes the useful effect of above technical scheme to be:
1. two reamers when desilting head adopts twin-bucket to take turns, two reamer is installed on the two ends of reamer frame, the lower section of reamer frame is provided with guiding and breaks ground cutter, while reamer desilting, the guiding cutter that breaks ground breaks ground downwards, prevent reamer frame from firmly being schemed to stop by river bed, revolve brokenly mud around vertical direction simultaneously and centre mud is revolved liter to both sides, be convenient to both sides and inhale mud.
2. mud discharging device, adopts two tubes rows mud, respectively arranges a suction pipe in two bucket wheels of twin-bucket wheel-type reamer, and suction pipe stretches in reamer, the mud sucking-off that can will have just produced, it is to increase concentration of hydraulic mixture, prevent secondary pollution of water.
3. buoyancy aid is spliced by multiple elemental floating body, and the bottom of elemental floating body faces upward or downward rectangular-shaped button hook and coordinates button to connect, the top of buoyancy aid adopt web plate and pin connect will, convenient connect and dismounting, be convenient to transport; The power set of buoyancy aid front portion adopts step-down gear structure or hydraulic structure, and step-down gear structure is applicable to the more shallow environment of water level and uses, and hydraulic motor structure can be placed in and be applicable to the darker environment use of water level under water, avoids step-down gear long shaft transmission; Buoyancy aid can adopt A type frame or column socket desilting head, small-sized silt remover adopt pillar construction simple, large-scale silt remover adopts A type frame Stability Analysis of Structures.
4. when silt remover capable frame desilting to the left, the reamer desilting on the left side, the mud suction mouth on the left side siphons away mud, the membrane that now commutates closes the right import, the mud suction mouth on the right is closed, the content of mud in effectively avoiding the mud suction mouth water suction on the right affect the efficiency of slush pump and reduce the slime water of slush pump extraction, it is to increase desilting efficiency data and mud concentration.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of Accrete clearing device;
Fig. 2 is the interface chart of elemental floating body;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of commutation room.
In Fig. 1: power set 1, row frame 2, reamer frame 3, reamer 4, lead the cutter 5 that breaks ground, mud suction mouth 6, transmission shaft 7, transverse axis 8, gear pair 9, vertical pivot 22.
In Fig. 2: elemental floating body 10, button hook 11, web plate 12, pin 13, pin hole 14.
In Fig. 3: commutation room 15, shore pipe road 16, mud suction mouth output terminal 17, dividing plate 18, bearing pin 19, union lever 20, steel cable 21.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is further described:
A kind of three cutter head silt removers, comprise buoyancy aid, Accrete clearing device and mud discharging device, described buoyancy aid comprises multiple elemental floating body 10 and web plate 12, the bottom correspondence in the connection face of described adjacent floating body unit 10 is provided with the rectangular-shaped button hook 11 faced upward or downward, the top of the outer side that two elemental floating bodies 10 are adjacent is provided with pin hole 14, described web plate 12 is connected to the side of two adjacent elemental floating bodies, and described web plate 12 is provided with the connection hole corresponding with pin hole 14, is provided with pin 13 in described connection hole; Described Accrete clearing device comprises row frame 2 and power set 1, the tail end of described row frame 2 is installed on fore through universal joint, the head of row frame 2 is connected with the reamer frame 3 vertical with row frame 2, the afterbody of described row frame 2 is provided with step-down gear, being supported with transmission shaft 7 through bearing in row frame, transmission shaft 7 is connected with step-down gear; Being supported with transverse axis 8 and vertical pivot 22 through bearing in described reamer frame 3, described transverse axis 8 is vertical with transmission shaft 7, and the middle part of described transverse axis 8 and the end of transmission shaft 7 are through bevel gear pair transmission; Described vertical pivot 22 is arranged vertically downward, and vertical pivot 22 is vertical with transverse axis 8, and the upper end of vertical pivot 22 and the middle part of transverse axis 8 are through bevel gear pair transmission; The two ends of described transverse axis 8 are connected to the reamer 4 of bucket wheel type, and the bottom of described vertical pivot 22 is connected with guiding and breaks ground cutter.
Described row's pureed device comprises two mud suction mouths 6, commutation room 15 and shore pipe road 16, the input terminus of described two mud suction mouths 6 stretches to the inner side of two bucket wheel type reamers 4 respectively, input hole on the sidewall of the front end of described commutation room 15 is connected with two mud suction mouth output terminals 17, and the delivery outlet on the sidewall of rear end, described commutation room 15 is connected with the input terminus in shore pipe road 16; Being provided with dividing plate 18 in described commutation room 15, one end of described dividing plate 18 is articulated with commutation room 15 front end side wall through bearing pin 19 and is positioned at the mid-way of input hole, and the other end of dividing plate contacts with left and right sides wall respectively in rotation process; The end face of commutation room is stretched out in described bearing pin 19 one end, and the external part fixed vertical of bearing pin 19 is connected with union lever 20, and the two ends of described union lever 20 are connected with commutation steel cable 21.

Claims (4)

1. a cutter head silt remover, comprise buoyancy aid, Accrete clearing device and mud discharging device, it is characterized in that, described buoyancy aid comprises multiple elemental floating body and web plate, the bottom correspondence in the connection face of adjacent floating body unit is provided with the rectangular-shaped button hook faced upward or downward, and the outer side that two elemental floating bodies are adjacent is provided with pin hole, and described web plate is connected to the side of two adjacent elemental floating bodies, described web plate is provided with the connection hole corresponding with pin hole, is provided with pin in described connection hole; Described Accrete clearing device comprises row frame and power set, the tail end of described row frame is installed on buoyancy aid head through universal joint, the head of row frame is provided with the reamer frame vertical with row frame, the two ends of described reamer frame are separately installed with the reamer of bucket wheel type, the two ends that described reamer is connected to reamer frame through bearing are drive state, also being provided with guiding between described two reamers to break ground cutter, the described guiding cutter that breaks ground is installed on below reamer frame, and described power set is speed reducer device or hydraulic efficiency plant; Described row's pureed device comprises two mud suction mouths, commutation room and shore pipe, the input terminus of described two mud suction mouths stretches to the inside of two bucket wheel type reamers respectively, the Liang Ge input hole UNICOM commutation room of the output terminal of described two mud suction mouths on the sidewall of the front end of room of commutating, the sidewall delivery outlet of described shore pipe through rear end, room of commutating and commutation room UNICOM.
2. three cutter head silt removers according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described speed reducer device comprises step-down gear, transmission shaft, transverse axis and vertical pivot, described step-down gear is installed on the afterbody of row frame, described transmission shaft is connected to row frame through bearing, described transverse axis is connected to reamer frame through bearing, and described transmission shaft is connected through bevel gear pair with transverse axis, and described reamer is installed on the two ends of transverse axis; Described vertical pivot is vertically connected to the bottom of reamer frame through bearing, and described transverse axis is connected through bevel gear pair with vertical pivot, and the described guiding cutter that breaks ground is installed on the bottom of vertical pivot.
3. three cutter head silt removers according to claim 1, it is characterised in that, described hydraulic efficiency plant comprises hydro-pump and oil motor, and described hydro-pump is installed on buoyancy aid, and described two reamers are connected to oil motor, and described oil motor is connected with hydro-pump.
4. three cutter head silt removers according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described commutation indoor are provided with dividing plate, and one end of described dividing plate is articulated with front end side wall through bearing pin and is positioned at the position of the centre of two input holes, the other end of described dividing plate in rotation process respectively with left and right sidewall contact; The end face of commutation room is stretched out in described bearing pin one end, and the external part fixed vertical of bearing pin is connected with union lever, and the two ends of described union lever are connected with commutation steel cable.
CN201410478082.0A 2014-09-19 2014-09-19 Three cutter head silt removers Active CN104250984B (en)

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CN104250984B true CN104250984B (en) 2016-06-01

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105351476A (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-02-24 武汉理工大学 Differential speed type double-reamer sludger
CN105256853B (en) * 2015-11-20 2018-05-01 武汉理工大学 A kind of strand based on differential mechanism inhales ship multiple twin cutter head distributing means for power supply and method
CN105421514B (en) * 2015-11-24 2018-01-12 武汉理工大学 A kind of strand based on differential mechanism inhales ship multiple twin cutter head distributing means for power supply and method
CN105887774A (en) * 2016-06-12 2016-08-24 华电郑州机械设计研究院有限公司 Loosening device for trash in front of dam
CN106193153B (en) * 2016-07-05 2018-08-21 浙江海洋大学 A kind of cutter suction dredger

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19949678A1 (en) * 1999-10-18 2001-05-23 Frischke Reinhard Mower and litter clearing device, especially for verges, comprises jib mounted basis frame with vegetation removing and receiving devices
CN202175973U (en) * 2011-08-17 2012-03-28 山东大洋矿用设备有限公司 Walking type coal slime desilting machine
CN203320597U (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-12-04 湘潭腾升机械研究制造有限公司 Boat type underwater-moving silt remover
CN204080900U (en) * 2014-09-19 2015-01-07 卜建余 Three cutter head dredgers

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