CN104241705B - Intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries - Google Patents

Intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104241705B
CN104241705B CN201410380603.9A CN201410380603A CN104241705B CN 104241705 B CN104241705 B CN 104241705B CN 201410380603 A CN201410380603 A CN 201410380603A CN 104241705 B CN104241705 B CN 104241705B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
binding post
positive
negative
lead
negative binding
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410380603.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104241705A (en
Inventor
蒋林林
徐伟良
刘孝伟
Original Assignee
超威电源有限公司
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Priority to CN201410129973.5A priority Critical patent/CN103943895A/en
Priority to CN201410129973.5 priority
Priority to CN2014101299735 priority
Application filed by 超威电源有限公司 filed Critical 超威电源有限公司
Priority to CN201410380603.9A priority patent/CN104241705B/en
Publication of CN104241705A publication Critical patent/CN104241705A/en
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Publication of CN104241705B publication Critical patent/CN104241705B/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/06Lead-acid accumulators
    • H01M10/12Construction or manufacture
    • H01M10/122Multimode batteries
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/06Lead-acid accumulators
    • H01M10/12Construction or manufacture
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/42Methods or arrangements for servicing or maintenance of secondary cells or secondary half-cells
    • H01M10/425Structural combination with electronic components, e.g. electronic circuits integrated to the outside of the casing
    • H01M10/4257Smart batteries, e.g. electronic circuits inside the housing of the cells or batteries
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/42Methods or arrangements for servicing or maintenance of secondary cells or secondary half-cells
    • H01M10/48Accumulators combined with arrangements for measuring, testing or indicating condition, e.g. level or density of the electrolyte
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/42Methods or arrangements for servicing or maintenance of secondary cells or secondary half-cells
    • H01M10/48Accumulators combined with arrangements for measuring, testing or indicating condition, e.g. level or density of the electrolyte
    • H01M10/482Accumulators combined with arrangements for measuring, testing or indicating condition, e.g. level or density of the electrolyte for several batteries or cells simultaneously or sequentially
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/42Methods or arrangements for servicing or maintenance of secondary cells or secondary half-cells
    • H01M10/48Accumulators combined with arrangements for measuring, testing or indicating condition, e.g. level or density of the electrolyte
    • H01M10/486Accumulators combined with arrangements for measuring, testing or indicating condition, e.g. level or density of the electrolyte for measuring temperature
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/42Methods or arrangements for servicing or maintenance of secondary cells or secondary half-cells
    • H01M10/425Structural combination with electronic components, e.g. electronic circuits integrated to the outside of the casing
    • H01M2010/4271Battery management systems including electronic circuits, e.g. control of current or voltage to keep battery in healthy state, cell balancing
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/42Methods or arrangements for servicing or maintenance of secondary cells or secondary half-cells
    • H01M10/425Structural combination with electronic components, e.g. electronic circuits integrated to the outside of the casing
    • H01M2010/4278Systems for data transfer from batteries, e.g. transfer of battery parameters to a controller, data transferred between battery controller and main controller
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage using batteries

Abstract

Intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries, including the cell batteries connected together, cell batteries includes battery body and battery cover, and body is provided with positive and negative binding post, covering and be provided with installation cavity, cavity accent is provided with bottom chamber lid, cavity and is provided with battery management module;The circuit board of battery management module is provided with microcontroller, equalizing circuit, wireless transceiver circuit, power circuit, current sense components and voltage sampling circuit;Positive and negative binding post includes positive and negative binding post joint, base, copper insert, middle leads;Current sense components includes reaction magnetic ring and current sensor;Reaction magnetic ring is enclosed within plus or minus binding post, and current sensor, wireless transceiver circuit are connected with microcontroller;The input of balanced drive circuit is connected with microcontroller, outfan is connected with audion Q2 base stage;One end of resistance R6 is connected with audion Q2 colelctor electrode, and the other end is connected with positive binding post;Audion Q2 emitter stage is connected with negative binding post.

Description

Intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries
Technical field
The present invention relates to lead-acid accumulator field, especially relate to one and can realize wireless telecommunications between cell, such that it is able to intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries cell charge and discharge process monitored in real time, adjusts.
Background technology
Lead-acid batteries used in everyday, it is common that being formed by the series connection of some cell batteries, cell batteries is then formed by battery cell, and the terminal voltage of lead-acid batteries is together decided on by the number of the cell batteries being cascaded.During the use of lead-acid batteries, the partial monosomy accumulator in lead-acid batteries can produce the situation of hydraulic performance decline, and particularly under deeper cavity use state, the probability of cell batteries hydraulic performance decline is greatly increased.The decline of cell batteries performance, can directly influence serviceability and the service life of lead-acid batteries.
nullIn JIUYUE in 2012 bulletin on the 5th、Authorization Notice No. CN 101777670 B、The Chinese invention patent file of entitled " intelligent lead-acid battery " discloses one " intelligent lead-acid battery ",This lead-acid batteries " includes cell jar (1)、The negative plate (2) being located in described cell jar (1)、Dividing plate (3)、Positive plate (4)、The negative bus-bar (5) corresponding with negative plate (2) it is additionally provided with in described battery case (1)、The positive bus (6) corresponding with positive plate (4),The central authorities of the plane that described negative bus-bar (5) and described positive bus (6) are limited are provided with intelligent balance circuit plate (9),It is characterized in that: described positive bus (4) and described negative bus-bar (5) be arranged in parallel,Described negative bus-bar (5) and positive bus (6) are perpendicular to intelligent balance circuit plate (9) and are arranged on the both sides of intelligent balance circuit plate (9),Described positive bus (6) is provided with positive pole bridge pole (7),Described negative bus-bar (5) is provided with negative pole bridge pole (8),Described positive pole bridge pole (7) and negative pole bridge pole (8) are provided with bridge (13),Described intelligent balance circuit plate (9) is provided with intelligent balance circuit pad (10) corresponding with described bridge (13),It is provided with balancing circuit unit between described balancing circuitry pad (10)." shortcoming is: described intelligent balance circuit plate is to be located at negative bus-bar (5) and the central authorities of plane that described positive bus (6) is limited, needs certain installation empty
Between and weld job, safety in utilization is poor, and is difficult to directly effectively monitor the charge and discharge process of cell batteries, is not therefore suitable for the narrow spaces such as electric automobile, safety in utilization requires higher occasion.
Summary of the invention
The main inventive purpose of the present invention be to provide a kind of compact conformation, safe to use, the charge and discharge process of cell batteries can be carried out effective monitoring, there is the intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries of the wide advantage of the suitability.
Technical scheme used by the present invention is: a kind of intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries, including several cell batteries, described cell batteries is cascaded, each cell batteries includes battery body and battery cover, battery body is provided with positive binding post and negative binding post, battery cover is fixed on the upper end of battery body, battery cover is provided with an installation cavity, install and be installed with chamber lid on the accent of cavity, it is provided with battery management module in cavity is installed, described battery management module includes the battery management module circuit board being fixedly arranged on the bottom installing cavity, battery management module circuit board is provided with microcontroller, equalizing circuit and wireless transceiver circuit;Described positive binding post includes positive binding post joint, positive binding post base, positive binding post copper insert, positive binding post middle leads;Described negative binding post includes negative binding post joint, negative binding post base, negative binding post copper insert, negative binding post middle leads;Further, battery management module circuit board being additionally provided with power circuit, described power circuit is connected with microcontroller and positive binding post;Described battery management module is additionally provided with current sense components;Current sense components includes reaction magnetic ring and the current sensor being located in the breach of reaction magnetic ring;Reaction magnetic ring is nested with on positive binding post or negative binding post, and current sensor is connected with microcontroller by amplifying circuit;Wireless transceiver circuit is connected with microcontroller;Described equalizing circuit includes balanced drive circuit, audion Q2 and resistance R6;The input of balanced drive circuit is connected with microcontroller, outfan is connected with the base stage of audion Q2;The colelctor electrode of audion Q2 is connected with one end of resistance R6, and the other end of resistance R6 is connected with positive binding post;The emitter stage of audion Q2 is connected with negative binding post.
In the present invention, the line between zero device, zero device such as power management module circuit board and microcontroller thereon is arranged at installing in cavity, the structure of cell batteries is tightly raised, line between zero device and zero device is not easy in use to be broken, both gut-nodes is also not easy occur that spark and spark are excessive, therefore there is advantage safe to use, therefore corresponding intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries also have structure tightly raise, advantage safe to use.In technical scheme used by the present invention, power circuit provides reference power supply for giving for microcontroller;Wireless transceiver circuit then carries out communication between the cell batteries in the intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries of same group, the situation of cell batteries can be passed to the production unit of intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries by internet so that production unit grasps the working condition of this group intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries in time further, the production unit of intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries then can contact consumer in time according to situation about grasping and sell accordingly simultaneously
Rear maintenance processes, thus improves the consumption experience of consumer.The information that microcontroller in each cell batteries then obtains according to described communication calculates the difference condition of the charging and discharging currents judged between this cell batteries and other cell batteries, difference condition adjusts the work of balanced drive circuit the most accordingly, finally makes the charge/discharge operation of each cell batteries reach poised state.Therefore the present invention have compact conformation, safe to use, the charge and discharge process of cell batteries can be carried out effective monitoring, suitably adjust and advantage that the suitability is wide.
As preferably, the lower end of positive binding post base is horizontal plate shape, and the side of the lower end of positive binding post base extends upward a copper insert fixed cylinder, and the upper end of this copper insert fixed cylinder is provided with a vertical copper insert plant circular hole;The upper and lower end of positive binding post copper insert is cylinder, wherein the lower end of positive binding post copper insert is plugged in the copper insert fixed cylinder on positive binding post base in set copper insert plant circular hole, and positive binding post copper insert is provided with a vertical positive binding post joint fixing threaded hole;The lower end of positive binding post joint is screwed onto on positive binding post joint fixing threaded hole, the upper end of positive binding post joint is the cylinder that diameter is more than the diameter of thread of the lower end of positive binding post, and the middle part of the cylinder of the upper end of positive binding post joint is provided with hexagon cylinder;It is additionally provided with a vertical connection sheet fixing threaded hole on the cylinder of the upper end of positive binding post joint;Positive binding post middle leads includes positive binding post lead-in wire annulus and positive binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar;Positive binding post lead-in wire annulus is nested with on the lower end of positive binding post joint, and the lower end of positive binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar is connected with the cylindrical of positive binding post lead-in wire annulus.This preferred version, zero device being respectively connected with positive binding post in installing cavity is all connected in the upper end of positive binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar with positive binding post, and positive binding post has simple in construction, easy to install and use, the advantage of reliable operation.
As preferably, the lower end of negative binding post base is horizontal plate shape, and the side of the lower end of negative binding post base extends upward a copper insert fixed cylinder, and the upper end of this copper insert fixed cylinder is provided with a vertical copper insert plant circular hole;The upper and lower end of negative binding post copper insert is cylinder, the lower end wherein bearing binding post copper insert is plugged in the copper insert fixed cylinder on negative binding post base in set copper insert plant circular hole, and negative binding post copper insert is provided with a vertical negative binding post joint fixing threaded hole;The lower end of negative binding post joint is screwed onto on negative binding post joint fixing threaded hole, the upper end of negative binding post joint is the cylinder that diameter is more than the diameter of thread of the lower end of negative binding post, and the middle part of the cylinder of the upper end of negative binding post joint is provided with hexagon cylinder;It is additionally provided with a vertical connection sheet fixing threaded hole on the cylinder of the upper end of negative binding post joint;Negative binding post middle leads includes negative binding post lead-in wire annulus and negative binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar;Negative binding post lead-in wire annulus
Being nested with on the lower end of negative binding post joint, the lower end of negative binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar is connected with the cylindrical of negative binding post lead-in wire annulus.This preferred version, zero device being respectively connected with negative binding post in installing cavity is all connected in the upper end of negative binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar with negative binding post, and negative binding post has simple in construction, easy to install and use, the advantage of reliable operation.
As preferably, positive and negative binding post position is respectively provided with a temperature sensor, and one end of the two temperature sensor is all connected with the outfan of power circuit, and the other end is all connected with microcontroller.This preferred version, can effectively monitor the positive and negative binding post of each cell batteries heat condition operationally in described intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries, desirably prevent the generation of fire, thus be conducive to improving the safety in utilization of described intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries.
As preferably, in cavity is installed, it is additionally provided with one for the temperature sensor monitoring battery body temperature;One end of this temperature sensor is connected with the outfan of power circuit, and the other end is connected with microcontroller.This preferred version, can effectively monitor the battery body of each cell batteries heat condition operationally in described intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries, the most effectively monitor the heat condition of inside battery circuit, thus be conducive to improving safety in utilization, serviceability and the service life of described intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries.
As preferably, in cavity is installed, it is additionally provided with one for the temperature sensor monitoring battery management module operating temperature;One end of this temperature sensor is connected with the outfan of power circuit, and the other end is connected with microcontroller.This preferred version, the power management module can effectively monitored in described intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries in each cell batteries heat condition operationally, thus be conducive to improving safety in utilization and the dependability of described power management module.
As preferably, described chamber covers and is additionally provided with indicator installing hole, is provided with accumulator property indicator in indicator installing hole;One end of accumulator property indicator is connected with the outfan of power circuit, and the other end is connected with microcontroller.This preferred version, it is simple to judge the state of accumulator intuitively intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries being carried out staff when manual detection is safeguarded.
As preferably, chamber covers and is provided with louvre.This preferred version, advantageously reduces the temperature installed in cavity, thus is conducive to improving serviceability and the dependability installing each zero device in cavity.
As preferably, being provided with cooling fan, be correspondingly additionally provided with audion Q1 on power management module circuit board in installing cavity, the base stage of audion Q1 is connected with microcontroller, and the colelctor electrode of audion Q1 is connected with one end of cooling fan, audion Q1's
Emitter stage is connected with negative binding post, and the other end of cooling fan is connected with positive binding post.This preferred version, good heat dissipation effect, advantageously reduce the temperature installed in cavity, thus be conducive to improving serviceability and the dependability installing each zero device in cavity.
In sum, the present invention has the benefit that in intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries, each cell batteries structure is tightly raised, safe to use, therefore corresponding intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries also have structure tightly raise, advantage safe to use.Intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries can carry out between each cell batteries communication, the duty of intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries can also pass to the production unit of intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries by the Internet so that production unit grasps the situation of intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries in time, and make corresponding countermeasure according to situation about grasping, such as notice consumer carries out repair and maintenance to intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries in time, thus improve the consumption experience of consumer, and then be conducive to improving product competitiveness.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of top view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the mounting structure schematic diagram of positive binding post;
Fig. 4 is just [to bear] connection terminal structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of current sense components;
Fig. 6 is the electrical block diagram of battery management module.
Wherein Fig. 4 is the shared schematic diagram of positive and negative binding post, and the label outside bracket is corresponding with positive binding post, and the label in bracket is corresponding with negative binding post, say, that the structure of positive and negative binding post is the same.The mounting structure schematic diagram of negative binding post is close with the mounting structure schematic diagram of the positive binding post shown in Fig. 3, but does not has the current sensor in the mounting structure of positive binding post, goes out schematic diagram the most again.
Detailed description of the invention
Below by embodiment, and combine accompanying drawing, technical scheme is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries of the present invention includes several cell batteries, described cell batteries is cascaded, each cell batteries includes battery body 1 and battery cover 2, battery body 1 is provided with positive binding post 3 and negative binding post 4, battery cover 2 is fixed on the upper end of battery body 1, and the present embodiment battery cover 2 is fixed on the upper end of battery body 1 preferably by cementing method.
As preferably, positive binding post 3 includes positive binding post joint 3.1, positive binding post base 3.2, positive binding post copper insert 3.3, positive binding post middle leads 3.4;The lower end of positive binding post base 3.2 is horizontal plate shape, and the side of the lower end of positive binding post base 3.2 extends upward copper insert fixed cylinder 3.2.1, and the upper end of this copper insert fixed cylinder 3.2.1 is provided with a vertical copper insert plant circular hole;The upper and lower end of positive binding post copper insert 3.3 is cylinder;In wherein the lower end of positive binding post copper insert 3.3 is plugged on copper insert fixed cylinder 3.2.1 on positive binding post base 3.2 in set copper insert plant circular hole and connected by copper insert fixed cylinder 3.2.1 in the mode of weldering company and positive binding post base 3.2;Positive binding post copper insert 3.3 is provided with a vertical positive binding post joint fixing threaded hole 3.3.1;The lower end of positive binding post joint 3.1 is screwed onto on positive binding post joint fixing threaded hole 3.3.1, the upper end of positive binding post joint 3.1 is the cylinder that diameter is more than the diameter of thread of the lower end of positive binding post 3.1, the middle part of the cylinder of the upper end of positive binding post joint 3.1 is provided with hexagon cylinder 3.1.1, hexagon cylinder 3.1.1 and uses for the operation that is spirally connected of positive binding post joint 3.1 with positive binding post joint fixing threaded hole 3.3.1;Being additionally provided with a vertical connection sheet fixing threaded hole 3.1.2 on the cylinder of the upper end of positive binding post joint 3.1, the series connection between the described connection sheet adjacent positive and negative binding post between adjacent two cells is used;Positive binding post middle leads 3.4 includes positive binding post lead-in wire annulus 3.4.1 and positive binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar 3.4.2;Positive binding post lead-in wire annulus 3.4.1 is nested with on the lower end of positive binding post joint 3.1, and when positive binding post joint 3.1 and positive binding post joint fixing threaded hole 3.3.1 are spirally connected, positive binding post lead-in wire annulus 3.4.1 is clamped between the lower surface of positive binding post joint 3.1 upper end and the upper surface of positive binding post copper insert 3.2 upper end;The lower end of positive binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar 3.4.2 is connected with the cylindrical of positive binding post lead-in wire annulus 3.4.1.As preferably, the present embodiment positive binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar 3.4.2 top and bottom are one section of horizontal copper slip, it is connected with one section of vertical copper sheet bar between end, outer end and the end, the inner, lower end of positive binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar 3.4.2 upper end, namely just binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar 3.4.2 bending is z-shape, and positive terminals
The lower end of son lead-in wire copper sheet bar 3.4.2 and the cylindrical of positive binding post lead-in wire annulus 3.4.1 are connected in the inner end of positive binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar 3.4.2 lower end.
As preferably, the structure of negative binding post 4 is as the structure of positive binding post 3, namely: negative binding post 4 includes negative binding post joint 4.1, negative binding post base 4.2, negative binding post copper insert 4.3, negative binding post middle leads 4.4;The lower end of negative binding post base 4.2 is horizontal plate shape, and the side of the lower end of negative binding post base 4.2 extends upward copper insert fixed cylinder 4.2.1, and the upper end of this copper insert fixed cylinder 4.2.1 is provided with a vertical copper insert plant circular hole;The upper and lower end of negative binding post copper insert 4.3 is cylinder;Wherein bear the lower end of binding post copper insert 4.3 to be plugged in copper insert fixed cylinder 4.2.1 on negative binding post base 4.2 in set copper insert plant circular hole, and connected by copper insert fixed cylinder 4.2.1 on weldering mode even and negative binding post base 4.2;Negative binding post copper insert 4.3 is provided with a vertical negative binding post joint fixing threaded hole 4.3.1;The lower end of negative binding post joint 4.1 is screwed onto on negative binding post joint fixing threaded hole 4.3.1, the upper end of negative binding post joint 4.1 is the cylinder that diameter is more than the diameter of thread of the lower end of negative binding post 4.1, the middle part of the cylinder of the upper end of negative binding post joint 4.1 is provided with hexagon cylinder 4.1.1, hexagon cylinder 4.1.1 for bearing the operation use that is spirally connected of binding post joint 4.1 and negative binding post joint fixing threaded hole 4.3.1;Being additionally provided with a vertical connection sheet fixing threaded hole 4.1.2 on the cylinder of the upper end of negative binding post joint 4.1, the series connection between the described connection sheet adjacent positive and negative binding post between adjacent two cells is used;Negative binding post middle leads 4.4 includes negative binding post lead-in wire annulus 4.4.1 and negative binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar 4.4.2;Negative binding post lead-in wire annulus 4.4.1 is nested with on the lower end of negative binding post joint 4.1, being clamped between the lower surface of negative binding post joint 4.1 upper end and the upper surface of negative binding post copper insert 4.2 upper end when negative binding post joint 4.1 and negative binding post joint fixing threaded hole 4.3.1 bear binding post lead-in wire annulus 4.4.1 when being spirally connected, the lower end of negative binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar 4.4.2 is connected with the cylindrical of negative binding post lead-in wire annulus 4.4.1.As preferably, the present embodiment is born binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar 4.4.2 top and bottom and is one section of horizontal copper slip, it is connected with one section of vertical copper sheet bar between end, outer end and the end, the inner, lower end of negative binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar 4.4.2 upper end, namely the lead-in wire copper sheet bar 4.4.2 bending of negative binding post is z-shape, and the cylindrical of the lower end of negative binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar 4.4.2 and negative binding post lead-in wire annulus 4.4.1 is connected in the inner end of negative binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar 4.4.2 lower end.
During installation, just, the lower end [base of the most positive and negative binding post] of binding post 3,4 be connected with battery body 1, just,
The end, upper end [end, upper end of the joint of the most positive and negative binding post] of negative binding post 3,4 is exposed outside the upper surface of battery cover 2 after the corresponding binding post installing hole on battery cover 2;Also being equipped with the port lid 12,13 of binding post installing hole on the upper end of positive and negative binding post 3,4, port lid 12,13 is preferably fixedly connected with cementing method and the upper end of positive and negative binding post 3,4 and battery cover 2;Positive and negative binding post 3,4 and battery body 1 and the further concrete attachment structure of battery cover 2, because being simple known technology, do not repeat at this.
Additionally, battery cover 2 is provided with an installation cavity 5, installing and be installed with chamber lid 6 on the accent of cavity 5, the present embodiment chamber lid 6 is fixed on the accent installing cavity 5 preferably by cementing method.It is provided with battery management module in cavity 5 is installed.Described battery management module includes the battery management module circuit board 7 being installed in the bottom installing cavity 5, and battery management module circuit board 7 is provided with microcontroller 7.1, equalizing circuit, wireless transceiver circuit 7.3, power circuit 7.4 and voltage sampling circuit.Wherein said equalizing circuit includes balanced drive circuit 7.2, audion Q2 and resistance R6.
The input of power circuit 7.4 is connected with positive binding post 3, outfan is connected with microcontroller 7.1 by input line 17, microcontroller 7.1 is connected with negative binding post 4 by output lead 18 again, thus realizes power circuit 7.4 and provide the effect of reference power supply to microcontroller 7.1.Wherein the input of power circuit 7.4 and positive binding post 3 are connected in the upper end of positive binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar 3.4.2, and output lead 18 and negative binding post 4 are connected in the upper end of negative binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar 4.4.2.Described battery management module is additionally provided with current sense components 8, and current sense components 8 includes reaction magnetic ring 8.1 and the current sensor 8.2 being located in the breach of reaction magnetic ring 8.1, and current sense components 8 described in the present embodiment is Hall current sensor;Reaction magnetic ring 8.1 is nested with on positive binding post 3 or negative binding post 4, as shown in Figure 3, the present embodiment reaction magnetic ring 8.1 is nested with on positive binding post 3, specifically battery cover 2 is provided with a reaction magnetic ring mounting groove, and reaction magnetic ring 8.1 is located in being nested with on positive binding post 3 the reaction magnetic ring mounting groove on battery cover 2 Nei.Wherein
Current sensor 8.2 is connected with microcontroller 7.1 by amplifying circuit 9;One end of wireless transceiver circuit 7.3 is connected with microcontroller 7.1, the other end of wireless transceiver circuit 7.3 is connected with dual-mode antenna, wireless transceiver circuit 7.3 carries out communication between cell batteries, the situation of cell batteries can be passed to the production unit of intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries by internet so that production unit grasps the working condition of intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries in time further simultaneously;The input of balanced drive circuit is connected with microcontroller 7.1, outfan is connected with the base stage of audion Q2;The colelctor electrode of audion Q2 is connected with one end of resistance R6, and the other end of resistance R6 is connected with positive binding post 3;The emitter stage of audion Q2 with
Negative binding post 4 is connected.
Described voltage sampling circuit includes voltage sample resistance R4 and voltage sample resistance R5, one end of voltage sample resistance R4 is connected with the positive binding post 3 of accumulator, the other end is connected with one end and the microcontroller 7.1 of voltage sample resistance R5, and the other end of voltage sample resistance R5 is connected with negative binding post 4.
As preferably, positive and negative binding post 3,4 position is respectively provided with temperature sensor RT0, a RT1;One end of the two temperature sensor RT0, RT1 is all connected with the outfan of power circuit 7.4, and the other end is all connected with microcontroller 7.1, and wherein the other end of temperature sensor RT0, RT1 is connected with negative binding post 4 also by resistance R0, R1.As preferably, temperature sensor RT0, RT1 are separately positioned between the hole wall of the binding post installing hole on the lower section of hexagon cylinder 3.1.1,4.1.1 of positive and negative binding post 3,4 and battery cover 2, and use encapsulant encapsulation fixing.
As preferably, in cavity 5 is installed, it is additionally provided with one for the temperature sensor RT2 monitoring battery body temperature;One end of this temperature sensor RT2 is connected with the outfan of power circuit 7.4, and the other end is connected with microcontroller 7.1, is connected with negative binding post 4 by resistance R2.The concrete installation site of temperature sensor RT2 be selected in can monitor battery body with the maximum temperature point installed in cavity 5 corresponding region near, particular location point does not repeats at this.
As preferably, in cavity 5 is installed, it is additionally provided with one for the temperature sensor RT3 monitoring battery management module operating temperature;One end of this temperature sensor is connected with the outfan of power circuit 7.4, and the other end is connected with microcontroller 7.1 and passes through resistance R3 and is connected with negative binding post 4.The concrete installation site of temperature sensor RT3 is selected in zero device such as battery management module circuit board 7 and the microcontroller 7.1 being arranged on battery management module circuit board 7, equalizing circuit, wireless transceiver circuit 7.3, power circuit 7.4 near the position of zero device that caloric value is maximum, and particular location point does not repeats at this.
As preferably, described chamber lid 6 is additionally provided with indicator installing hole 6.2, in indicator installing hole, is provided with accumulator property indicator LED;Accumulator property indicator LED one end is connected with the outfan of power circuit 7.4, and the other end is connected with microcontroller 7.1.Wherein installing hole 6.2 is provided with transparent installation port lid.Accumulator property indicator LED accumulator property indicator LED can use low power consumption liquid crystal display element or luminous tube display element to make, and in display, content is the information such as the voltage of cell batteries, electric current, residual capacity, temperature, use time, duty.As preferably, accumulator property indicator LED can receive the control command start and stop work of outside by the wireless transceiver circuit 7.3 of cell batteries, thus reaches the merit of on-demand display
Can, to save the power consumption of cell batteries.
As preferably, chamber lid 6 is provided with louvre 6.1.The present embodiment, louvre 6.1 is made up of two groups of heat radiation apertures, and two groups of heat radiation apertures are separately positioned on the both sides of indicator installing hole 6.2.In order to increase radiating effect, the most preferred, it is provided with cooling fan 10 in cavity 5 is installed, described heat radiation phoenix machine 10 is fixed therein the lower section of one group of heat radiation aperture, the present embodiment cooling fan 10 is fixed on chamber lid 6, discharging in steam one group of heat radiation aperture from which, cold air is inhaled in installation cavity from another group heat radiation aperture.Correspondingly it is additionally provided with audion Q1 on power management module circuit board 7, the base stage of audion Q1 is connected with microcontroller 7.1, the colelctor electrode of audion Q1 is connected with one end of cooling fan 10, the emitter stage of audion Q1 is connected with negative binding post 4, and the other end of cooling fan 10 is connected with positive binding post 3.
For ease of line, the port lid 12,13 of battery cover 2 and binding post installing hole being equipped with line breach, described line breach of crossing all communicates with installation cavity 5.Correspondingly, install in cavity 5, with zero device that positive binding post 3 or negative binding post 4 are connected all by be connected in through the corresponding line crossing line breach and positive binding post 3 positive binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar 3.4.2 upper end or and negative binding post 4 be connected in the upper end of negative binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar 4.4.2.
For ease of carrying cell batteries, in the present embodiment, front and back, both sides are respectively provided with a handgrip cavity 14 for people's grasped to described battery cover 2.The most preferred, two lacing holes 15 can also be set on the upper wall of each handgrip cavity 14, the two ends of the rope not shown in figure are connected with two lacing holes of the same side respectively, as long as such people catch rope just can carry cell batteries easily.Additionally, in the present embodiment, in cell batteries, the aerofluxus of single lattice accumulator and liquid filling hole are located at battery cover 2 in the groove set by the side installing cavity 5, and the top of this groove is fixed with recess cover 16 by cementing method, recess cover 16 is additionally provided with two for the aperture group running hydrogen and oxygen.
The above microcontroller 7.1 is the single-chip microcomputer with digital processing capabilities, and inside includes the functions such as arithmetic processor, internal memory, the program space, input/output port, serial communication, analog digital conversion, intervalometer.The specific structural details of described microcontroller 7.1 and operation principle, because being known technology, do not repeat at this.
The above wireless transceiver circuit 7.3 refers to the wireless communication module circuit using 2.4GHz, 915MHz, 433MHz etc. to have bidirectional communication function.The present embodiment, preferably by 2.4G wireless bidirectional communication module, has that frequency is many, transfer rate is high, the advantage of good in anti-interference performance.The specific structural details of wireless transceiver circuit 7.3, because being that known technology does not repeats at this.
The above balanced drive circuit includes resistance power consumption balanced mode circuit and electromagnetic energy conversion balanced mode circuit, the present embodiment is preferably resistance power consumption balanced mode circuit, avoid the need for separately adding line between the battery management module of the different monomers accumulator in the most same intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries to be connected, such that it is able to simplify the connecting line construction of battery management module, be conducive to improving the functional reliability of cell batteries, safety, reduce the installation difficulty of intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries.
The above power circuit 7.4 and amplifying circuit 9, because being all simple known technology, specific structural details does not repeats at this.
The above temperature sensor RT0, RT1, RT2, RT3 be all a kind of can the electronic component of temperature sensor change or electronic integrated circuit, the present embodiment is preferably a kind of negative temperature coefficient resister.The specific structural details of temperature sensor RT0, RT1, RT2, RT3, because being known technology, does not repeats at this.
The specific embodiment of the above is only the present invention preferably embodiment, is not embodied as scope with what this limited the present invention.The equivalence change that all shapes according to the present invention, structure are made ought to be all contained in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. an intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries, including several cell batteries, described cell batteries is cascaded, each cell batteries includes battery body (1) and battery cover (2), battery body (1) is provided with positive binding post (3) and negative binding post (4), battery cover (2) is fixed on the upper end of battery body (1), it is characterized in that: battery cover (2) is provided with an installation cavity (5), installs and is installed with chamber lid (6) on the accent of cavity (5);Being provided with battery management module in installing cavity (5), described battery management module includes the battery management module circuit board (7) being fixedly arranged on the bottom installing cavity (5);Battery management module circuit board (7) is provided with microcontroller (7.1), equalizing circuit, wireless transceiver circuit (7.3);Described positive binding post (3) includes positive binding post joint (3.1), positive binding post base (3.2), positive binding post copper insert (3.3), positive binding post middle leads (3.4);Described negative binding post (4) includes negative binding post joint (4.1), negative binding post base (4.2), negative binding post copper insert (4.3), negative binding post middle leads (4.4);Described battery management module is additionally provided with current sense components (8);Current sense components (8) include reaction magnetic ring (8.1) and be located at reaction magnetic ring (8.1) breach in current sensor (8.2);Reaction magnetic ring (8.1) is nested with on positive binding post (3) or negative binding post (4), and current sensor (8.2) is connected with microcontroller (7.1) by amplifying circuit (9);Wireless transceiver circuit (7.3) is connected with microcontroller (7.1);Described equalizing circuit includes balanced drive circuit (7.2), audion Q2 and resistance R6;The input of balanced drive circuit (7.2) is connected with microcontroller (7.1), outfan is connected with the base stage of audion Q2;The colelctor electrode of audion Q2 is connected with one end of resistance R6, and the other end of resistance R6 is connected with positive binding post (3);The emitter stage of audion Q2 is connected with negative binding post (4).
Intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be additionally provided with power circuit (7.4) on battery management module circuit board (7), and described power circuit (7.4) is connected with microcontroller (7.1) and positive binding post (3).
Intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the lower end of positive binding post base (3.2) is horizontal plate shape, the side of the lower end of positive binding post base (3.2) extends upward a copper insert fixed cylinder (3.2.1), and the upper end of this copper insert fixed cylinder (3.2.1) is provided with a vertical copper insert plant circular hole;The upper and lower end of positive binding post copper insert (3.3) is cylinder, wherein the lower end of positive binding post copper insert (3.3) is plugged on the copper insert fixed cylinder (3.2.1) on positive binding post base (3.2) in set copper insert plant circular hole, and positive binding post copper insert (3.3) is provided with vertical positive binding post joint fixing threaded hole (3.3.1);The lower end of positive binding post joint (3.1) is screwed onto on positive binding post joint fixing threaded hole (3.3.1), the upper end of positive binding post joint (3.1) is the cylinder that diameter is more than the diameter of thread of the lower end of positive binding post (3.1), and the middle part of the cylinder of the upper end of positive binding post joint (3.1) is provided with hexagon cylinder (3.1.1);It is additionally provided with vertical connection sheet fixing threaded hole (3.1.2) on the cylinder of the upper end of positive binding post joint (3.1);Positive binding post middle leads (3.4) includes positive binding post lead-in wire annulus (3.4.1) and positive binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar (3.4.2);Positive binding post lead-in wire annulus (3.4.1) is nested with on the lower end of positive binding post joint (3.1), and the lower end of positive binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar (3.4.2) is connected with the cylindrical of positive binding post lead-in wire annulus (3.4.1).
Intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the lower end of negative binding post base (4.2) is horizontal plate shape, the side of the lower end of negative binding post base (4.2) extends upward a copper insert fixed cylinder (4.2.1), and the upper end of this copper insert fixed cylinder (4.2.1) is provided with a vertical copper insert plant circular hole;The upper and lower end of negative binding post copper insert (4.3) is cylinder, the lower end wherein bearing binding post copper insert (4.3) is plugged on the copper insert fixed cylinder (4.2.1) on negative binding post base (4.2) in set copper insert plant circular hole, and negative binding post copper insert (4.3) is provided with vertical negative binding post joint fixing threaded hole (4.3.1);The lower end of negative binding post joint (4.1) is screwed onto on negative binding post joint fixing threaded hole (4.3.1), the upper end of negative binding post joint (4.1) is the cylinder that diameter is more than the diameter of thread of the lower end of negative binding post (4.1), and the middle part of the cylinder of the upper end of negative binding post joint (4.1) is provided with hexagon cylinder (4.1.1);It is additionally provided with vertical connection sheet fixing threaded hole (4.1.2) on the cylinder of the upper end of negative binding post joint (4.1);Negative binding post middle leads (4.4) includes negative binding post lead-in wire annulus (4.4.1) and negative binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar (4.4.2);Negative binding post lead-in wire annulus (4.4.1) is nested with on the lower end of negative binding post joint (4.1), and the lower end of negative binding post lead-in wire copper sheet bar (4.4.2) is connected with the cylindrical of negative binding post lead-in wire annulus (4.4.1).
5., according to the intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, it is characterized in that: positive and negative binding post position is respectively provided with a temperature sensor.
6. according to the intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, it is characterized in that: in cavity (5) is installed, be additionally provided with one for the temperature sensor monitoring battery body temperature.
7. according to the intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, it is characterized in that: in cavity (5) is installed, be additionally provided with one for the temperature sensor monitoring battery management module operating temperature.
8., according to the intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 any one, it is characterized in that: be additionally provided with indicator installing hole (6.2) on described chamber lid (6), in indicator installing hole, be provided with accumulator property indicator.
CN201410380603.9A 2014-04-02 2014-08-05 Intelligent wireless lead-acid batteries CN104241705B (en)

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CN204011582U (en) 2014-12-10
CN104241706A (en) 2014-12-24
CN204011586U (en) 2014-12-10
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CN104241706B (en) 2016-08-31
CN103943895A (en) 2014-07-23

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