CN104234303A - Lightweight basalt fiber reinforced ceramsite concrete board - Google Patents

Lightweight basalt fiber reinforced ceramsite concrete board Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104234303A
CN104234303A CN201410453681.7A CN201410453681A CN104234303A CN 104234303 A CN104234303 A CN 104234303A CN 201410453681 A CN201410453681 A CN 201410453681A CN 104234303 A CN104234303 A CN 104234303A
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China
Prior art keywords
concrete
layer
basalt fibre
coat
weight
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Pending
Application number
CN201410453681.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李刚
马玉薇
姜曙光
李洁
张付奇
张建鹏
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Shihezi University
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Shihezi University
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Priority to CN201410453681.7A priority Critical patent/CN104234303A/en
Publication of CN104234303A publication Critical patent/CN104234303A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The invention discloses a lightweight basalt fiber reinforced ceramsite concrete board. The lightweight basalt fiber reinforced ceramsite concrete board is characterized in that the basalt fiber is used for fabricating a concrete layer so that the production cost can be reduced and the resource utilization rate can be increased, besides, lightweight, high-strength and corrosion-resistant basalt fiber reinforced ceramsite concrete also can be prepared, a gridding cloth layer is formed by use of more than 70% of basalt fiber and is good in strength and high temperature resistance, and therefore, excellent economic and beneficial benefits can be brought for an enterprise, meanwhile, the overall structure is reinforced by use of the basalt fiber and prevented from rupture in the transporting or hoisting process, in addition, the concrete layer is formed into a board, the board is directly covered with a thermal insulating layer to serve as an exterior wall material and directly applied to a frame structure, and as the thermal insulating layer is integrated with the wall, the thermal insulating layer does not need to be fabricated in the construction process, and therefore, the construction steps are reduced, and the effects of good thermal insulation effect and stable structure can be achieved.

Description

Basalt fibre ceramsite concrete light-weight concrete plate
Technical field
The present invention relates to building material field, be specifically related to a kind of basalt fibre ceramsite concrete light-weight concrete plate.
Background technology
Basalt is the most extensive in occurring in nature distribution, but current exploitation are inadequate, and utilization rate is extremely low, basalt is just used as the filler stone of some low value-added buildings and road, compared with the mineral wool raw material of high added value, in addition, also have on a small quantity for the manufacture of cast stone and basalt fibre.Haydite, as a kind of novel constructional materials, has potential development prospect.It is the most frequently used constructional materials that high-strength light mixes earth, particularly in heavy construction and the common engineering of high level, there is application value, but current production concrete plate in use, easily in transport or hanging process, there is jackknifing, and cause sheet material to damage.
The thermal-insulation masonry wall of existing load-bearing simultaneously, be mostly after masonry completion, then do external thermal insulation, or accompany insulation layer in sheet material, its heat-insulating property and life-span are all restricted, and do not reach shockproof requirements, affect construction speed.Meanwhile, also must use drawknot in construction, operation is loaded down with trivial details, is also easily engaged, straight joint, layering, the phenomenon such as disengaging occur, cause the contradictory problems that the aspects such as load-bearing, fire prevention, the insulation time limit, workmanship define restriction mutually like this.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of basalt fibre ceramsite concrete light-weight concrete plate, can avoid very well, in transport or hanging process, jackknifing occurs, layer of concrete is made sheet material simultaneously, directly do insulation layer in sheet material outside, do outer wall material, directly apply in frame construction, insulation layer and integrated with wall body, need not do insulation layer again in work progress, decrease working procedure, and high insulating effect, Stability Analysis of Structures.
The technical scheme that the present invention takes is: basalt fibre ceramsite concrete light-weight concrete plate, by layer of concrete, polyphenylene heat insulation slab, interface adhesive, grid cloth, float coat and finish coat are composited, described layer of concrete upper surface is provided with polyphenylene heat insulation slab, described polyphenylene heat insulation slab upper surface is connected with grid cloth by interface adhesive, described grid cloth is provided with float coat, described float coat is provided with finish coat, described grid cloth comprises warp thread, top layer weft yarn and nexine weft yarn, containing the basalt fibre of more than 70% in described nexine weft yarn, the raw material composition of described layer of concrete is as follows by the mixing ratio by weight of every cubic meter of concrete: cement 140 ~ 200kg/m 3, fines 30 ~ 50kg/m 3, water reducing agent 1.0 ~ 2.2kg/m 3, flyash 70 ~ 90kg/m 3, slag 70 ~ 90kg/m 3, basalt fibre 0.8 ~ 2.0kg/m 3, haydite 500 ~ 560kg/m 3, water 95 ~ 110kg/m 3with blowing agent 0.4 ~ 1.1kg/m 3.
As preferably, the raw material composition of described float coat is as follows by the mixing ratio by weight of every cubic meter of concrete:
As preferably, described finish coat decoration texture is splitting bag reason, mushroom rock texture, marble grain or imitative bamboo wood, the grain of wood, or has the faced concrete surface of decorative effect.
As preferably, the Thickness Ratio of described layer of concrete, polyphenylene heat insulation slab, interface adhesive, grid cloth, float coat and finish coat is 6: 2: 1: 1: 1: 1.
As preferably, described fines is river sand, and the river sand grating in described float coat is: particle diameter 1.25 ~ 5mm be 45 ~ 60%, below particle diameter 1.25mm be 40 ~ 55%, the river sand in described layer of concrete is the river sand that particle diameter is less than 5mm.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
The present invention utilizes basalt fibre to make layer of concrete, both cost of production was reduced, improve resource utilization, lightweight can be prepared again, high strength and corrosion resistant basalt haydite concrete, using the basalt fibre containing more than 70% as scrim layer, intensity, resistance to elevated temperatures is good, good economic and social benefits can be brought for enterprise, simultaneously can by the structure of basalt fibre reinforcement unitarity, avoid, in transport or hanging process, jackknifing occurs, layer of concrete is made sheet material simultaneously, directly insulation layer is done in sheet material outside, do outer wall material, directly apply in frame construction, insulation layer and integrated with wall body, insulation layer need not be done again in work progress, decrease working procedure, and high insulating effect, Stability Analysis of Structures.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of this practical embodiment basalt fibre ceramsite concrete light-weight concrete plate.
Detailed description of the invention
For invention will be solved technical problem, technical scheme and advantage clearly, be described in detail below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
With reference to Fig. 1, this detailed description of the invention is by the following technical solutions: basalt fibre ceramsite concrete light-weight concrete plate, by layer of concrete 6, polyphenylene heat insulation slab 5, interface adhesive 4, grid cloth 3, float coat 2 and finish coat 1 are composited, described layer of concrete 6 upper surface is provided with polyphenylene heat insulation slab 5, described polyphenylene heat insulation slab 5 upper surface is connected with grid cloth 3 by interface adhesive 4, described grid cloth 3 is provided with float coat 2, described float coat 2 is provided with finish coat 1, described grid cloth 3 comprises warp thread, top layer weft yarn and nexine weft yarn, containing the basalt fibre of more than 70% in described nexine weft yarn, the raw material composition of described layer of concrete 6 is as follows by the mixing ratio by weight of every cubic meter of concrete: cement 140 ~ 200kg/m 3, fines 30 ~ 50kg/m 3, water reducing agent 1.0 ~ 2.2kg/m 3, flyash 70 ~ 90kg/m 3, slag 70 ~ 90kg/m 3, basalt fibre 0.8 ~ 2.0kg/m 3, haydite 500 ~ 560kg/m 3, water 95 ~ 110kg/m 3with blowing agent 0.4 ~ 1.1kg/m 3.
The raw material composition of described float coat 2 is as follows by the mixing ratio by weight of every cubic meter of concrete:
It is splitting bag reason, mushroom rock texture, marble grain or imitative bamboo wood, the grain of wood that described finish coat 1 decorates texture, or has the faced concrete surface of decorative effect.
The Thickness Ratio of described layer of concrete 6, polyphenylene heat insulation slab 5, interface adhesive 4, grid cloth 3, float coat 2 and finish coat 1 is 6: 2: 1: 1: 1: 1.
Described fines is river sand, and the river sand grating in described float coat 2 is: particle diameter 1.25 ~ 5mm be 45 ~ 60%, below particle diameter 1.25mm be 40 ~ 55%, the river sand in described layer of concrete 6 is the river sand that particle diameter is less than 5mm.
Embodiment 1
A kind of basalt fibre ceramsite concrete light-weight concrete plate, by layer of concrete 6, polyphenylene heat insulation slab 5, interface adhesive 4, grid cloth 3, float coat 2 and finish coat 1 are composited, described layer of concrete 6 upper surface is provided with polyphenylene heat insulation slab 5, described polyphenylene heat insulation slab 5 upper surface is connected with grid cloth 3 by interface adhesive 4, described grid cloth 3 is provided with float coat 2, described float coat 2 is provided with finish coat 1, described grid cloth 3 comprises warp thread, top layer weft yarn and nexine weft yarn, containing the basalt fibre of more than 70% in described nexine weft yarn, the raw material composition of described layer of concrete 6 is as follows by the mixing ratio by weight of every cubic meter of concrete: cement 140kg/m 3, fines 30kg/m 3, water reducing agent 1.0kg/m 3, flyash 70kg/m 3, slag 70kg/m 3, basalt fibre 0.8kg/m 3, haydite 500kg/m 3, water 95kg/m 3with blowing agent 0.4kg/m 3, the raw material composition of described float coat 2 is as follows by the mixing ratio by weight of every cubic meter of concrete:
The Thickness Ratio of described layer of concrete 6, polyphenylene heat insulation slab 5, interface adhesive 4, grid cloth 3, float coat 2 and finish coat 1 is 6: 2: 1: 1: 1: 1.
Described fines is river sand, and the river sand grating in described float coat 2 is: particle diameter 1.25 ~ 5mm be 60%, below particle diameter 1.25mm be 40%, the river sand in described layer of concrete 6 is the river sand that particle diameter is less than 5mm.
Embodiment 2
A kind of basalt fibre ceramsite concrete light-weight concrete plate, by layer of concrete 6, polyphenylene heat insulation slab 5, interface adhesive 4, grid cloth 3, float coat 2 and finish coat 1 are composited, described layer of concrete 6 upper surface is provided with polyphenylene heat insulation slab 5, described polyphenylene heat insulation slab 5 upper surface is connected with grid cloth 3 by interface adhesive 4, described grid cloth 3 is provided with float coat 2, described float coat 2 is provided with finish coat 1, described grid cloth 3 comprises warp thread, top layer weft yarn and nexine weft yarn, containing the basalt fibre of more than 70% in described nexine weft yarn, the raw material composition of described layer of concrete 6 is as follows by the mixing ratio by weight of every cubic meter of concrete: cement 170kg/m 3, fines 40kg/m 3, water reducing agent 2.2kg/m 3, flyash 80kg/m 3, slag 80kg/m 3, basalt fibre 2.0kg/m 3, haydite 530kg/m 3, water 102.5kg/m 3with blowing agent 0.75kg/m 3.
The raw material composition of described float coat 2 is as follows by the mixing ratio by weight of every cubic meter of concrete:
The Thickness Ratio of described layer of concrete 6, polyphenylene heat insulation slab 5, interface adhesive 4, grid cloth 3, float coat 2 and finish coat 1 is 6: 2: 1: 1: 1: 1.
Described fines is river sand, and the river sand grating in described float coat 2 is: particle diameter 1.25 ~ 5mm be 45%, below particle diameter 1.25mm be 55%, the river sand in described layer of concrete 6 is the river sand that particle diameter is less than 5mm.
Embodiment 3
Basalt fibre ceramsite concrete light-weight concrete plate, by layer of concrete 6, polyphenylene heat insulation slab 5, interface adhesive 4, grid cloth 3, float coat 2 and finish coat 1 are composited, described layer of concrete 6 upper surface is provided with polyphenylene heat insulation slab 5, described polyphenylene heat insulation slab 5 upper surface is connected with grid cloth 3 by interface adhesive 4, described grid cloth 3 is provided with float coat 2, described float coat 2 is provided with finish coat 1, described grid cloth 3 comprises warp thread, top layer weft yarn and nexine weft yarn, containing the basalt fibre of more than 70% in described nexine weft yarn, the raw material composition of described layer of concrete 6 is as follows by the mixing ratio by weight of every cubic meter of concrete: cement 200kg/m 3, fines 50kg/m 3, water reducing agent 1.6kg/m 3, flyash 90kg/m 3, slag 90kg/m 3, basalt fibre 1.4kg/m 3, haydite 560kg/m 3, water 110kg/m 3with blowing agent 1.1kg/m 3.
The raw material composition of described float coat 2 is as follows by the mixing ratio by weight of every cubic meter of concrete:
The Thickness Ratio of described layer of concrete 6, polyphenylene heat insulation slab 5, interface adhesive 4, grid cloth 3, float coat 2 and finish coat 1 is 6: 2: 1: 1: 1: 1.
Described fines is river sand, and the river sand grating in described float coat 2 is: particle diameter 1.25 ~ 5mm be 52.5%, below particle diameter 1.25mm be 47.5%, the river sand in described layer of concrete 6 is the river sand that particle diameter is less than 5mm.
The above is the preferred embodiment of the present invention; it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite not departing from principle of the present invention; can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. basalt fibre ceramsite concrete light-weight concrete plate, it is characterized in that, by layer of concrete (6), polyphenylene heat insulation slab (5), interface adhesive (4), grid cloth (3), float coat (2) and finish coat (1) are composited, described layer of concrete (6) upper surface is provided with polyphenylene heat insulation slab (5), described polyphenylene heat insulation slab (5) upper surface is connected with grid cloth (3) by interface adhesive (4), described grid cloth (3) is provided with float coat (2), described float coat (2) is provided with finish coat (1), described grid cloth (3) comprises warp thread, top layer weft yarn and nexine weft yarn, containing the basalt fibre of more than 70% in described nexine weft yarn, the raw material composition of described layer of concrete (6) is as follows by the mixing ratio by weight of every cubic meter of concrete: cement 140 ~ 200kg/m 3, fines 30 ~ 50kg/m 3, water reducing agent 1.0 ~ 2.2kg/m 3, flyash 70 ~ 90kg/m 3, slag 70 ~ 90kg/m 3, basalt fibre 0.8 ~ 2.0kg/m 3, haydite 500 ~ 560kg/m 3, water 95 ~ 110kg/m 3with blowing agent 0.4 ~ 1.1kg/m 3.
2. basalt fibre ceramsite concrete light-weight concrete plate according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the raw material composition of described float coat (2) is as follows by the mixing ratio by weight of every cubic meter of concrete:
3. basalt fibre ceramsite concrete light-weight concrete plate according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described finish coat (1) decoration texture is splitting bag reason, mushroom rock texture, marble grain or imitative bamboo wood, the grain of wood, or has the faced concrete surface of decorative effect.
4. basalt fibre ceramsite concrete light-weight concrete plate according to claim 1, its feature exists
In, the Thickness Ratio of described layer of concrete (6), polyphenylene heat insulation slab (5), interface adhesive (4), grid cloth (3), float coat (2) and finish coat (1) is 6: 2: 1: 1: 1: 1.
5. basalt fibre ceramsite concrete light-weight concrete plate according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described fines is river sand, river sand grating in described float coat (2) is: particle diameter 1.25 ~ 5mm's is 45 ~ 60%, below particle diameter 1.25mm's is 40 ~ 55%, and the river sand in described layer of concrete (6) is the river sand that particle diameter is less than 5mm.
CN201410453681.7A 2014-09-03 2014-09-03 Lightweight basalt fiber reinforced ceramsite concrete board Pending CN104234303A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114105551A (en) * 2020-08-28 2022-03-01 首钢水城钢铁(集团)有限责任公司 Basalt fiber composite rib reinforced light wallboard and preparation method thereof

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2464825Y (en) * 2001-01-12 2001-12-12 黄振利 Integral pouring polyphenyl thermal-insulating composite wall
CN1417437A (en) * 2002-11-29 2003-05-14 北京振利高新技术公司 Heat insulating polyurethane wall and its construction process
CN2763388Y (en) * 2005-02-01 2006-03-08 裘亦诚 Prefabricated polyurethane composite panel for thermo-insulation of wall
DE202007002766U1 (en) * 2007-02-26 2007-07-05 Jughard, Wulf Thin stone heater
CN201047132Y (en) * 2007-02-13 2008-04-16 冯葆纯 Prefabricated wallboard of load bearing heat preserving hollow
CN101196069A (en) * 2007-12-28 2008-06-11 周德新 Combined disposal pouring steel reinforced concrete polyphenyl board thermal insulation board
CN102650152A (en) * 2012-05-14 2012-08-29 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Prefabricated sandwich heat-preservation heat insulation concrete external wall panel and fabrication method
CN203320884U (en) * 2013-06-20 2013-12-04 四川航天拓鑫玄武岩实业有限公司 Basalt fiber reinforced foamed cement thermal insulation decorative board
CN203393895U (en) * 2013-07-19 2014-01-15 四川大学 Novel prefabricated composite reinforced concrete wall board member
CN103896527A (en) * 2014-03-18 2014-07-02 上海罗洋新材料科技有限公司 Lightweight high-strength cement based composite material

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2464825Y (en) * 2001-01-12 2001-12-12 黄振利 Integral pouring polyphenyl thermal-insulating composite wall
CN1417437A (en) * 2002-11-29 2003-05-14 北京振利高新技术公司 Heat insulating polyurethane wall and its construction process
CN2763388Y (en) * 2005-02-01 2006-03-08 裘亦诚 Prefabricated polyurethane composite panel for thermo-insulation of wall
CN201047132Y (en) * 2007-02-13 2008-04-16 冯葆纯 Prefabricated wallboard of load bearing heat preserving hollow
DE202007002766U1 (en) * 2007-02-26 2007-07-05 Jughard, Wulf Thin stone heater
CN101196069A (en) * 2007-12-28 2008-06-11 周德新 Combined disposal pouring steel reinforced concrete polyphenyl board thermal insulation board
CN102650152A (en) * 2012-05-14 2012-08-29 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Prefabricated sandwich heat-preservation heat insulation concrete external wall panel and fabrication method
CN203320884U (en) * 2013-06-20 2013-12-04 四川航天拓鑫玄武岩实业有限公司 Basalt fiber reinforced foamed cement thermal insulation decorative board
CN203393895U (en) * 2013-07-19 2014-01-15 四川大学 Novel prefabricated composite reinforced concrete wall board member
CN103896527A (en) * 2014-03-18 2014-07-02 上海罗洋新材料科技有限公司 Lightweight high-strength cement based composite material

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114105551A (en) * 2020-08-28 2022-03-01 首钢水城钢铁(集团)有限责任公司 Basalt fiber composite rib reinforced light wallboard and preparation method thereof

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