CN104234089B - The construction method that a kind of basement guarded drainage combines - Google Patents

The construction method that a kind of basement guarded drainage combines Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104234089B
CN104234089B CN201410412567.XA CN201410412567A CN104234089B CN 104234089 B CN104234089 B CN 104234089B CN 201410412567 A CN201410412567 A CN 201410412567A CN 104234089 B CN104234089 B CN 104234089B
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waterproof
basement
sump
drainage
layer
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CN104234089A (en
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从海虎
孙则树
刘中伟
李建华
濮厚靖
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China MCC17 Group Co Ltd
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China MCC17 Group Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses the construction method that a kind of basement guarded drainage combines, it includes the waterproof hydrophobic of the waterproof hydrophobic of basement bottom board and basement side wall.The construction method that a kind of basement guarded drainage proposed by the invention combines, by the waterproof coiled material under sole plate, hydrophobic, drainage system and rigid waterproof concrete base plate, successfully the percolating water under sole plate is all drained in sump, in sump, water level reaches certain height, will automatically start draining pump draining, ensure that drying regime and the normal usage function on basement floor, and basement sole plate draining system can be inserted into backfill and ground construction after basement construction completes any time, above work is just carried out after being fully completed and check ne-leakage without basement by the time, improve operating efficiency and duration.

Description

The construction method that a kind of basement guarded drainage combines
Technical field
The invention belongs to construction guarded drainage field, especially relate to executing of a kind of basement guarded drainage combination Work method.
Background technology
Outer wall of basement and base plate leakage water are one of common quality defects, at present, and tanking master To be made up of rigid waterproofing and flexible waterproof layer.One can be produced owing to concrete rigid waterproof layer is difficult to avoid that Fixed microcrack, and flexible waterproof layer due to overlap joint loosely, damaged and waterproof coiled material and coating waterproofing easy In aging, the later stage is difficult to keep waterproof effect, the most in fact cannot be formed and real enclose the system of covering, cause Basement degree of depth building below level of ground water is easy to drainage occur;Traditional waterproof method is all It is the mode using " blocking up ", it is impossible to permanent solution leakage problem, has had a strong impact on architectural engineering Quality, uses and manages also to basement normally and bring the biggest inconvenience.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is to provide the construction method that a kind of basement guarded drainage combines, Simple in construction, construction cost is low, and anti-row combines, and can keep good waterproof hydrophobic effect for a long time, simultaneously Basement sole plate buoyancy and basement side wall water pressure can be reduced, ensure construction engineering quality.
For achieving the above object, the construction method that the present invention a kind of basement guarded drainage combines, it includes The waterproof hydrophobic and basement side wall of basement bottom board waterproof hydrophobic, its concrete technical scheme is:
One, base plate is waterproof hydrophobic, and it includes following construction procedure:
(1) on blinding layer, lay the most successively: waterproof roll → fish tail and waterproof layer, anti- Water conservation layer is provided with drainage grade 2%, drainage grade row be provided with to foundation beam limit the direction of water-filtering ditch → The base of stone drainage layer → paving nonwoven layer → concrete cushion → have rigid self-waterproof function Plinth base plate;
(2) arranging water-filtering ditch by beam limit and drain into the node of sump, construction order successively is: by basis 600mm → cast foundation beam bed course → build 120 brick fetal membranes by laying bricks or stones is widened on the every limit of the beam earthwork, smears 1:3 water Cement mortar also arranges circular arc → bottom board bed course at the external corner, inner corner trim of brick fetal membrane, bottom cushion with Arc chord angle → laying water-proof coiled material → fish tail and waterproof layer is done in beam junction, and is provided with drainage grade 2%, The gradient is arranged to sump, runs into and arranges two diameter 100mmPVC pipes when Liang Yuliang reports to the leadship after accomplishing a task, at pvc pipe Zinc-plated filter screen → build 120 beam brick fetal membranes by laying bricks or stones is set along current direction, smears 1:3 cement mortar → rubble Drainage layer → laying nonwoven layer → concrete cushion, simultaneously cast rigid self-waterproof base plate 7 and base Plinth beam;
(3) in cast, there is rigid self-waterproof base plate function to complete and sole plate while foundation beam The construction of the sump being connected, has inlet opening in the side of the described borehole wall that catchments, and on inlet opening End arranges filter screen, at described sump built with automatics draining pump, is passed through by water by draining pump The catch-basin connected with outdoor discharged by drainpipe;
Two, side wall is waterproof hydrophobic, and it includes following construction procedure: grade beam bed course is with bottom cushion simultaneously Construction → waterproof coiled material reserve 300mm with protect wall side outside concrete panel and waterproof be connected → waterproof Protective layer is also provided with drainage grade 2%, gradient row to the bottom board of sump → simultaneously together with foundation beam and Exterior wall plate hight 500mm, arranges steel plate water stopper, steel plate water-stopping tape thickness 3mm → cast wall at wallboard Board concrete → distance exterior wall limit 300mm builds 240mm by laying bricks or stones and protects wall, smears 1:3 cement mortar, negative and positive Arc chord angle is done at angle, builds sump by laying bricks or stones simultaneously, and the spacing 50 meters of side wall sump and floor sump → Concentration water inlet pipe diameter 100mm is set on sump limit, and filter screen → setting is set in water inlet certainly Dynamic draining pump, drains into nearest catch-basin → protection wall lateral surface waterproof coiled material by water, and top is reserved 300mm and waterproof roofing overlap joint → 50mm thickness extruded sheet waterproof coiled material protective layer → back-filling in layers is native, Rockfill in the middle of basement wall slab with protection wall drainage layer (in the sub-drainage layer that rockfills take over outer backfill soil Backfill the most highly consistent, prevent protection wall crimp), do waterproof roofing and the waterproof overlap joint of side wall.
The construction method that a kind of basement guarded drainage proposed by the invention combines, by under sole plate Waterproof coiled material, hydrophobic, drainage system and rigid waterproof concrete base plate, successfully by under sole plate Percolating water all drain in sump, in sump, water level reaches certain height, will be automatic Start draining pump draining, it is ensured that the drying regime on basement floor and normal usage function, and underground Chamber base base plate draining system can be inserted into backfill and ground after basement construction completes any time Construction, just carries out above work after being fully completed and check ne-leakage without basement by the time, improve work Make efficiency and duration.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is building described in the construction method using a kind of basement guarded drainage proposed by the invention to combine The schematic diagram of the waterproof hydrophobic structure of basement bottom board made;
Fig. 2 is the node schematic diagram of the waterproof hydrophobic foundation beam limit of the basement bottom board shown in Fig. 1 water-filtering ditch;
Fig. 3 is the node schematic diagram at the sump of the basement waterproofing drainage structure shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of the waterproof hydrophobic structure of outer wall of basement.
Detailed description of the invention
Seeing accompanying drawing, the construction method that a kind of basement guarded drainage combines, it includes the anti-of basement bottom board Water is hydrophobic and basement side wall waterproof hydrophobic, and its concrete technical scheme is:
One, base plate is waterproof hydrophobic, and it includes following construction procedure:
(1) lay the most successively at blinding layer 1: waterproof roll 2 → fish tail and waterproof layer 3, Fish tail and waterproof layer is provided with drainage grade 2%, and drainage grade row is provided with the direction of water-filtering ditch to foundation beam limit → stone drainage layer 4 → paving nonwoven layer 5 → concrete cushion 6 → there is rigid self-waterproof The sole plate 7 of function;
(2) arranging water-filtering ditch by beam limit and drain into the node of sump, construction order successively is: dig basis 600mm → cast foundation beam bed course 11 → build 120 brick fetal membranes 9 by laying bricks or stones is widened on the every limit of the beam earthwork, smears 1:3 Cement mortar also arranges circular arc → bottom board bed course 1, base plate at 120 brick fetal membrane external corners, inner corner trim Arc chord angle → laying water-proof coiled material 2 → fish tail and waterproof layer 3, and the row of being provided with are done in bed course and beam junction The water gradient 2%, the gradient is arranged to sump, runs into and arranges two diameter 100mmPVC pipes when Liang Yuliang reports to the leadship after accomplishing a task 8, at pvc pipe, zinc-plated filter screen → build 120 beam brick fetal membranes 9 by laying bricks or stones is set along current direction, smears 1:3 cement Mortar → rubble drainage layer 4 → lay nonwoven layer 5 → concrete cushion 6, pour into a mould rigidity simultaneously Self waterproofing base plate 7 and foundation beam 10;
(3) in cast, there is rigid self-waterproof base plate function 7 to complete and basis while foundation beam 10 The construction of the sump 13 that base plate is connected, has inlet opening 14 in the side of the described borehole wall that catchments, and Filter screen is set in upper end, inlet opening, at described sump built with automatics draining pump 21, by row Water is discharged the catch-basin connected with outdoor by water pump by drainpipe 12;
Two, side wall is waterproof hydrophobic, and it includes following construction procedure: grade beam bed course is with bottom cushion simultaneously Construction → waterproof coiled material 2 reserves 300mm, and wall side is waterproof is connected → prevents with protection outside concrete panel Water conservation layer 3 is also provided with drainage grade 2%, gradient row to the bottom board 7 of sump → simultaneously together with base Plinth beam 10 and exterior wall plate hight 500mm15, arrange steel plate water stopper 16, steel plate water-stopping tape thickness at wallboard 3mm → cast R.C. wall board 17 → distance exterior wall limit 300mm builds 240mm by laying bricks or stones and protects wall 18, smears 1:3 cement mortar, negative and positive angle does arc chord angle, builds sump simultaneously by laying bricks or stones, and side wall sump catchments with base plate The spacing 50 meters of well (because two well constructions are identical, indicate two wells in Figure of description with Fig. 3 simultaneously) → Concentration water inlet pipe diameter 100mm is set on sump limit, and filter screen → setting is set in water inlet certainly Dynamic draining pump, drains into nearest catch-basin → protection wall lateral surface waterproof coiled material 2 by water, and top is reserved 300mm and waterproof roofing overlap joint → 50mm thickness extruded sheet waterproof coiled material protective layer 19 → back-filling in layers Soil, basement wall slab with protection wall in the middle of rockfill sub-drainage layer (in rockfill sub-drainage layer with outer backfill soil Take over backfill the most highly consistent, prevent protection wall crimp), to do waterproof roofing waterproof with side wall Overlap joint.
The construction method that a kind of basement guarded drainage proposed by the invention combines, by under sole plate Waterproof coiled material, hydrophobic, drainage system and rigid waterproof concrete base plate, successfully by under sole plate Percolating water all drain in sump, in sump, water level reaches certain height, will be automatic Start draining pump draining, it is ensured that the drying regime on basement floor and normal usage function, and underground Chamber base base plate draining system can be inserted into backfill and ground after basement construction completes any time Construction, just carries out above work after being fully completed and check ne-leakage without basement by the time, improve work Make efficiency and duration.

Claims (1)

1. the construction method that basement guarded drainage combines, it includes the waterproof hydrophobic of the waterproof hydrophobic of basement bottom board and basement side wall, and its concrete technical scheme is:
One, base plate is waterproof hydrophobic, and it includes following construction procedure:
(1) on blinding layer; lay the most successively: waterproof roll → fish tail and waterproof layer; fish tail and waterproof layer is provided with drainage grade 2%, and drainage grade row is provided with the sole plate of the direction → stone drainage layer → paving nonwoven layer → concrete cushion of water-filtering ditch → have rigid self-waterproof function to foundation beam limit;
(2) water-filtering ditch is set by beam limit and drains into the node of sump, construction order successively is: every for foundation beam earthwork limit is widened 600mm → cast foundation beam bed course → build 120 brick fetal membranes by laying bricks or stones, smear 1:3 cement mortar the external corner at brick fetal membrane, circular arc → bottom board bed course is set at inner corner trim, arc chord angle → laying water-proof coiled material → fish tail and waterproof layer is done in bottom cushion and beam junction, and it is provided with drainage grade 2%, the gradient is arranged to sump, run into and two diameter 100mmPVC pipes are set when Liang Yuliang reports to the leadship after accomplishing a task, at pvc pipe, zinc-plated filter screen → build 120 beam brick fetal membranes by laying bricks or stones is set along current direction, smear 1:3 cement mortar → rubble drainage layer → laying nonwoven layer → concrete cushion, cast rigid self-waterproof base plate (7) and foundation beam simultaneously;
(3) there is rigid self-waterproof base plate function in cast and while foundation beam, complete the construction of sump that is connected with sole plate, inlet opening is had in the side of the described borehole wall that catchments, and filter screen is set in upper end, inlet opening, at described sump built with automatics draining pump, by draining pump, water is discharged by drainpipe the catch-basin connected with outdoor;
nullTwo、Side wall waterproof hydrophobic,It includes following construction procedure: grade beam bed course constructs with bottom cushion simultaneously → waterproof coiled material reserves 300mm and be connected with to protect wall side outside concrete panel waterproof → and fish tail and waterproof layer be provided with drainage grade 2%,Gradient row to the bottom board of sump → simultaneously together with foundation beam and exterior wall plate hight 500mm,At wallboard, steel plate water stopper is set,Steel plate water-stopping tape thickness 3mm → cast R.C. wall board → distance exterior wall limit 300mm builds 240mm by laying bricks or stones and protects wall,Smear 1:3 cement mortar,Arc chord angle is done at negative and positive angle,Build sump by laying bricks or stones simultaneously,The spacing 50 meters of side wall sump and floor sump → on sump limit arranges concentration water inlet pipe diameter 100mm,And filter screen → arrange float-controlled drainage pump is set in water inlet,Water is drained into nearest catch-basin → protection wall lateral surface waterproof coiled material,300mm and waterproof roofing overlap joint → 50mm thickness extruded sheet waterproof coiled material protective layer → back-filling in layers soil are reserved in top、Rockfill in the middle of basement wall slab with protection wall drainage layer、Do waterproof roofing and the waterproof overlap joint of side wall.
CN201410412567.XA 2014-08-21 2014-08-21 The construction method that a kind of basement guarded drainage combines Active CN104234089B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104988955B (en) * 2015-06-11 2017-07-07 中建一局集团第六建筑有限公司 The anti-row's convolution waterproof system of ultra-deep basement and construction method
CN105735366B (en) * 2016-03-10 2019-01-01 深圳市深安企业有限公司 Waterproof construction method based on concrete
CN106480979B (en) * 2016-12-20 2019-07-09 中联建设集团股份有限公司 A kind of active antiseepage basement shear wall and its construction technology
CN109322328A (en) * 2018-11-27 2019-02-12 上海应用技术大学 A kind of extremely frigid zones subway station top plate guarded drainage method and system

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101298782A (en) * 2008-06-13 2008-11-05 朱邃科 Method and system for basement engineering water proof and water drain
CN101768976A (en) * 2009-12-29 2010-07-07 中建城市建设发展有限公司 Base pit dewatering and water saving device and construction method thereof
CN101914927A (en) * 2010-06-22 2010-12-15 中国建筑第二工程局有限公司 Waterproof system for basement bottom board and wall surface and construction method thereof
CN201695408U (en) * 2010-02-02 2011-01-05 中国建筑第四工程局有限公司 Basement baseplate integrating water-proofing and drainage functions
CN103741715A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-04-23 中建六局土木工程有限公司 Novel waterproof hydrophobic construction method for basement

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2001241052A (en) * 2000-02-29 2001-09-04 Hiroshi Saito Waterproof construction method for basement and waterproof structure of basement

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101298782A (en) * 2008-06-13 2008-11-05 朱邃科 Method and system for basement engineering water proof and water drain
CN101768976A (en) * 2009-12-29 2010-07-07 中建城市建设发展有限公司 Base pit dewatering and water saving device and construction method thereof
CN201695408U (en) * 2010-02-02 2011-01-05 中国建筑第四工程局有限公司 Basement baseplate integrating water-proofing and drainage functions
CN101914927A (en) * 2010-06-22 2010-12-15 中国建筑第二工程局有限公司 Waterproof system for basement bottom board and wall surface and construction method thereof
CN103741715A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-04-23 中建六局土木工程有限公司 Novel waterproof hydrophobic construction method for basement

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