CN104234006B - Revetment guard system and method - Google Patents

Revetment guard system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104234006B
CN104234006B CN201410523150.0A CN201410523150A CN104234006B CN 104234006 B CN104234006 B CN 104234006B CN 201410523150 A CN201410523150 A CN 201410523150A CN 104234006 B CN104234006 B CN 104234006B
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China
Prior art keywords
preventer
revetment
plant
falling zone
fiber layer
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CN104234006A (en
Inventor
张春禹
折霜炯
李文
冀春雷
王宝驹
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ELION ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION Co.,Ltd.
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ELION SHOUJIAN ECOLOGICAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of revetment guard system and method.This system includes: the first preventer, is formed as tubular, wherein contains the first plant seed, is fixed on the falling zone of revetment;And second preventer, be formed as lamellar, wherein contain the second plant seed, be fixed on the revetment above falling zone.Thus, it is possible to reduce water body by the first preventer of tubular, falling zone is washed away, thus play falling zone protective action, and effectively prevent erosion.Furthermore it is possible to reduce water body washing away the revetment above falling zone by the second preventer of lamellar.Additionally, due to two preventers all contain plant seed, therefore, it can be formed vegetation on revetment.So, it is possible not only to improve revetment ecological environment, it is also possible to strengthened the steadiness of preventer further by plant roots and stems.Revetment guard system and method that the present invention provides can be widely applied in the construction of the soil property revetment such as city inland river, artificial lake.

Description

Revetment guard system and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to revetment protection field, in particular it relates to a kind of revetment guard system and method.
Background technology
Revetment, for being built in coastal waters and land intersection, makes it consolidate with engineering measure processing bank, with Exempt from and destroyed by various natural causes and anthropic factor, the facility of protection water body.Revetment not only direct shadow Ring the activity to people, and have influence on the performance of ecology of water function.Due to the dipping of water body with wash away, Over time, usually there will be the peeling of revetment alien invasion, revetment ftractures, revetment is emptied, caved in Etc. problem.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide one to carry out revetment protection, revetment ecology ring can be repaired simultaneously The revetment guard system in border and method.
To achieve these goals, the present invention provides a kind of revetment guard system, and this system includes: first Preventer, is formed as tubular, wherein contains the first plant seed, is fixed on the falling zone of revetment; And second preventer, be formed as lamellar, wherein contain the second plant seed, be fixed on described in disappear On revetment above band.
Preferably, described falling zone is fixed with and ranked first preventer more, wherein, in same row First preventer is arranged side by side, interlaced arrangement between first preventer of adjacent two rows.
Preferably, the revetment above described falling zone is fixed with multiple second preventer, wherein, Between adjacent two the second preventers overlapped.
Preferably, described first preventer includes: the first plant fiber layer, is used for accommodating described first Plant seed;First permeable formation, is wrapped in outside described first plant fiber layer;And/or described second prevent Protection unit includes: the second plant fiber layer, is used for accommodating described second plant seed;Second permeable formation, It is wrapped in outside described first plant fiber layer.
Preferably, described first preventer is fixed on described falling zone via the first fixing device, its In, described first fixing device include following at least one: timber, drill rod, anchor pole;And institute State the second preventer to be fixed on the revetment above described falling zone via the second fixing device, wherein, Described second fixing device include following at least one: U-shaped nail, anchor pole.
The present invention also provides for a kind of revetment means of defence, and the method includes: be fixed on by the first preventer On the falling zone of revetment, wherein, described first preventer is formed as tubular, and wherein contains first Plant seed;And the second preventer is fixed on the revetment above described falling zone, wherein, institute State the second preventer and be formed as lamellar, and wherein contain the second plant seed.
Preferably, fixing on described falling zone ranked first preventer more, wherein, the in same row One preventer is arranged side by side, interlaced arrangement between first preventer of adjacent two rows.
Preferably, the revetment above described falling zone is fixed multiple second preventer, wherein, phase Between adjacent two the second preventers overlapped.
Preferably, described first preventer includes: the first plant fiber layer, is used for accommodating described first Plant seed;First permeable formation, is wrapped in outside described first plant fiber layer;And/or described second prevent Protection unit includes: the second plant fiber layer, is used for accommodating described second plant seed;Second permeable formation, It is wrapped in outside described first plant fiber layer.
Preferably, the first fixing device is utilized to be fixed on described falling zone by described first preventer, Wherein, described first fixing device include following at least one: timber, drill rod, anchor pole;And The second fixing device is utilized to be fixed on the revetment above described falling zone by described second preventer, its In, described second fixing device include following at least one: U-shaped nail, anchor pole.
In technique scheme, water body can be reduced to falling zone by the first preventer of tubular Wash away, thus play the effect of falling zone protection, and effectively prevent erosion.It addition, at water In the case of body water level increases to beyond falling zone, water can be reduced by the second preventer of lamellar Body washes away the revetment above falling zone, so the revetment above falling zone can be played protective action. Additionally, due to this first preventer and the second preventer all contain plant seed, therefore, it can Revetment is formed vegetation.So, it is possible not only to improve revetment ecological environment, it is also possible to pass through plant roots Stem strengthens the steadiness of preventer further.Revetment guard system and method that the present invention provides have Make simple advantage of constructing, can be widely applied to the construction of the soil property revetment such as city inland river, artificial lake In.
Other features and advantages of the present invention will be described in detail in detailed description of the invention part subsequently.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing is used to provide a further understanding of the present invention, and constitutes the part of description, with Detailed description below is used for explaining the present invention together, but is not intended that limitation of the present invention.? In accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 shows the schematic diagram of revetment guard system according to the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 shows that stacking according to the embodiment of the present invention ranked first the schematic diagram of preventer more;
Fig. 3 shows the schematic diagram overlapping multiple second preventers according to the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 a shows the sectional view of the radial direction acquirement along the first preventer;And
Fig. 4 b shows the sectional view of the thickness direction acquirement along the second preventer.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the detailed description of the invention of the present invention is described in detail.It should be appreciated that Detailed description of the invention described herein is merely to illustrate and explains the present invention, is not limited to this Bright.
In the present invention, in the case of illustrating on the contrary, the noun of locality of use as " upper and lower, left, Right " it is typically the first preventer of providing in the present invention and in the case of the second preventer normally uses Definition, specifically refer to the page shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 4 b.It should be noted that these The noun of locality is served only for the present invention is described, is not limited to the present invention.
Fig. 1 shows the schematic diagram of revetment guard system according to the embodiment of the present invention.Such as Fig. 1 institute Showing, this system may include that the first preventer 1, is formed as tubular, wherein contains the first plant species Son, is fixed on the falling zone 4 of revetment;And second preventer 2, be formed as lamellar, Qi Zhonghan There is the second plant seed, be fixed on the revetment above described falling zone 4.Wherein, the first of tubular prevents Protection unit 1 can be referred to as planting raw cylinder, and the second preventer 2 of lamellar can be referred to as plant-growth carpet.
Owing to water body is relatively big to the souring of falling zone 4, therefore, the first preventer 1 is designed as Tubular, and the first preventer 1 of this tubular is fixed on falling zone 4, the first protection can be strengthened The steadiness of device 1, thus reduce water body washing away falling zone 4, play the effect of falling zone protection, And can effectively prevent erosion.
It addition, in the case of water body water level increases to beyond falling zone 4 (such as, the situation such as flood), Water body washing away the revetment above falling zone 4 can be reduced by the second preventer 2 of lamellar, So the revetment above falling zone 4 can be played protective action.It is less owing to the frequency of this situation occurring, Therefore, by the second preventer 2 is designed to lamellar, second preventer 2 can be increased Pretective acreage, and be prone to lay, reduce workload.
Additionally, due to this first preventer 1 and the second preventer 2 all contain plant seed, because of This, can form vegetation on revetment.So, it is possible not only to improve revetment ecological environment, it is also possible to logical That crosses plant roots and stems takes root and coils the steadiness strengthening preventer further.
Owing to the first preventer 1 is fixed on falling zone 4, water body easily impregnates this first preventer 1, therefore, in the first preventer 1, the first plant seed of plantation can be the seed of water plant. Further, since the second preventer 2 is fixed on the revetment above falling zone 4, anti-compared to first Protection unit 1, water body is difficult to dipping, therefore, second plant seed of plantation in the second preventer 2 It can be the seed of mesad.
In order to promote plant growing, to strengthen the protection to revetment and Improvement of Ecological Environment effect further, Preferably, fertilizer can be added in the first preventer 1 and/or the second preventer 2 (such as, micro- Bio-bacterial manure, slow-release fertilizer etc.).
As it is shown in figure 1, can use the first fixing device 3 first preventer 1 is fixed on described in disappear Fall band 4 on, wherein, described first fixing device 3 can include following at least one: timber, Drill rod, anchor pole.Correspondingly, the second fixing device (not shown) can be used the second preventer 2 Being fixed on the revetment above described falling zone 4, wherein, described second fixing device can include following In at least one: U-shaped nail, anchor pole.Although it should be appreciated that example from above shows that first is solid Determine several examples of device and the second fixing device, but in the present invention, the first fixing device and second is admittedly Determining device and be not limited to example listed above, other kinds of fixing device is also applied for the present invention.
In order to strengthen first preventer 1 protective action to falling zone 4, can be in described falling zone 4 Upper fixing ranked first preventer 1 more, and wherein, the first preventer 1 in same row can and be arranged Put, can be with interlaced arrangement between first preventer 1 of adjacent two rows, as shown in Figure 2.Thus, may be used The protection array being made up of multiple first preventers 1 with formation.In this protection array, can be to often Individual first preventer 1 all uses the first fixing device 3 to be fixed, it is also possible to only to a portion It is (right at least with the first fixing device 3 that first preventer 1 uses the first fixing device 3 to be fixed Most each first preventer 1 of row is descended to be fixed).Moreover it is preferred that left and right phase in same row Between two adjacent the first preventers 1 can by fluid-tight engagement (such as, use straw rope to be attached), Thus can further enhance the steadiness of protection array.
Similarly, in order to strengthen second preventer 2 protective action to the revetment above falling zone 4, Multiple second preventer 2, wherein, adjacent two can be fixed on revetment above described falling zone 4 Between individual second preventer 2 overlapped, (wherein, dotted line represents one second protection as shown in Figure 3 Device 2 is overlapped the part of covering by another adjacent second preventer 2).Generally, Not less than 10cm, (this length is only exemplary to the lap of splice, can set according to actual revetment situation This lap of splice).Moreover it is preferred that can be by between two the second preventers 2 of mutual overlap joint Fluid-tight engagement (such as, use U-shaped nail, straw rope etc. to engage), thus can further enhance multiple Steadiness between second preventer 2.
Additionally, can also be by fluid-tight engagement between the first preventer 1 and the second preventer 2.Such as, In the case of ranked first preventer 1 and multiple second preventer 2 more, can be by uppermost one Ranked first preventer 1 to be overlapped on nethermost second preventer 2.Thus, be conducive to topmost Plant roots and stems in first preventer 1 of one row and the plant roots in nethermost second preventer 2 Stem is coiled in together, thus the most firm whole guard system.
Fig. 4 a shows the sectional view of the radial direction acquirement along the first preventer 1;And Fig. 4 b shows The sectional view obtained along the thickness direction of the second preventer 2.First, as shown in fig. 4 a, this first Preventer 1 may include that the first plant fiber layer 101, is used for accommodating described first plant seed; And first permeable formation 102, it is wrapped in outside described first plant fiber layer 101.Wherein, plant described in Fibres layer 101 can such as be formed by Plant fiber, this Plant fiber for example, rub broken crop material, The materials such as coconut shred, Petiolus Trachycarpi silk, fiber crops.Owing to these materials all can be with natural degradation, therefore, will not be to ring Border and water body cause secondary pollution.
First permeable formation 102 can wrap up this first plant fiber layer 101, to prevent this plant fiber layer 101 are not broken up.Preferably, this first permeable formation 102 can use the material (example with relatively high tenacity As, fiber crops) make.Thus, it is possible to improve the protective effect to the first plant fiber layer 101.Additionally, First permeable formation 102, it is also possible that water body can penetrate in the first plant fiber layer 101, thus may be used To ensure the growth of the first plant seed.Additionally, this first permeable formation 102 may be formed as netted, Thus making water penetration to while in the first plant fiber layer 101, it is also possible to make grown to plant Thing can stretch out from described permeable formation 102.
Correspondingly, as shown in Figure 4 b, described second preventer 2 may include that the second Plant fiber Layer 201, is used for accommodating described second plant seed;And second permeable formation 202, it is wrapped in described Outside one plant fiber layer 201.In the present invention, in terms of structure, function, material and effect, Second plant fiber layer 201 and the second permeable formation 202 can respectively with the first plant fiber layer 101 and First permeable formation 102 same or similar (such as, the second permeable formation 202 can also be formed as netted), Therefore, will not repeat herein.
For the first preventer 1 and specification size of the second preventer 2, can be according to actual feelings Condition is customized.In order to be suitable for carrying and install, the present invention provides following example sizes: as in figure 2 it is shown, The diameter R of the first preventer 1 of tubular is 30~60cm, and length L is 3m;As it is shown on figure 3, Length L of the second preventer 2 of lamellar is 10m, and width W is 2m, and thickness is 1cm. It should be understood, however, that what above-mentioned size was merely exemplary, it is merely to illustrate the present invention, and need not In limiting the present invention.
The present invention also provides for a kind of revetment means of defence.With reference to Fig. 1, the method may include that first Preventer 1 is fixed on the falling zone 4 of revetment, and wherein, described first preventer 1 is formed as cylinder Shape, and wherein contain the first plant seed;And the second preventer 2 is fixed on described falling zone On revetment above in the of 4, wherein, described second preventer 2 is formed as lamellar, and wherein contains Two plant seeds.
Described falling zone 4 can be fixed and ranked first preventer 1 more, wherein, in same row One preventer 1 can be arranged side by side, can be with interlaced arrangement between first preventer 1 of adjacent two rows. Similarly, the revetment above described falling zone 4 is fixed multiple second preventer 2, wherein, phase Between adjacent two the second preventers 2 overlapped.Thus, it is possible to improve the steadiness of guard system.
In said method step, it is possible to use the first fixing device 3 is by solid for described first preventer 1 Be scheduled on described falling zone 4, wherein, described first fixing device 3 can include following at least one Person: timber, drill rod, anchor pole.And, it is possible to use the second fixing device is by described second preventer 2 are fixed on the revetment above described falling zone 4, wherein, described second fixing device include following in At least one: U-shaped nail, anchor pole.
In sum, in technique scheme, water can be reduced by the first preventer of tubular Falling zone is washed away by body, thus plays the effect of falling zone protection, and effectively prevents erosion. It addition, in the case of water body water level increases to beyond falling zone, can be by the second protection dress of lamellar Put and reduce water body washing away the revetment above falling zone, so the revetment above falling zone can be risen Protective action.Additionally, due to this first preventer and the second preventer all contain plant seed, Therefore, it can be formed vegetation on revetment.So, it is possible not only to improve revetment ecological environment, it is also possible to The steadiness of preventer is strengthened further by plant roots and stems.The revetment guard system that the present invention provides With method, there is the making simple advantage of construction, can be widely applied to the soil such as city inland river, artificial lake In the construction of matter revetment.
The preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in detail above in association with accompanying drawing, but, the present invention does not limit Detail in above-mentioned embodiment, in the technology concept of the present invention, can be to the present invention Technical scheme carry out multiple simple variant, these simple variant belong to protection scope of the present invention.
It is further to note that each the concrete technology described in above-mentioned detailed description of the invention is special Levy, in the case of reconcilable, can be combined by any suitable means.In order to avoid need not The repetition wanted, various possible compound modes are illustrated by the present invention the most separately.
Additionally, combination in any can also be carried out between the various different embodiment of the present invention, as long as its Without prejudice to the thought of the present invention, it should be considered as content disclosed in this invention equally.

Claims (2)

1. a revetment guard system, it is characterised in that this system includes:
Ranked first preventer (1), each first preventer (1) is formed as tubular, Qi Zhonghan more There is the first plant seed, be fixed on the falling zone (4) of revetment via the first fixing device (3), with The first preventer (1) in one row is arranged side by side, between first preventer (1) of adjacent two rows Interlaced arrangement;And
Multiple second preventers (2), each second preventer (2) is formed as lamellar, Qi Zhonghan There is the second plant seed, be fixed on the revetment of top, described falling zone (4) via the second fixing device, Between adjacent two the second preventers (2) overlapped, and, uppermost one ranked first protection dress Put (1) to be overlapped on nethermost second preventer (2),
Described first preventer (1) includes the first plant fiber layer (101) and the first permeable formation (102), Described first plant fiber layer (101) is used for accommodating described first plant seed, described first permeable formation (102) it is wrapped in outside described first plant fiber layer (101);And/or, described second preventer (2) the second plant fiber layer (201) and the second permeable formation (202), described second Plant fiber are included Layer (201), is used for accommodating described second plant seed, described second permeable formation (202), is wrapped in institute State outside the second plant fiber layer (201),
Wherein, described first fixing device (3) include following at least one: timber, drill rod, Anchor pole;And described second fixing device include following at least one: U-shaped nail, anchor pole.
2. a revetment means of defence, it is characterised in that the method includes:
The first fixing device (3) is utilized preventer (1) will be ranked first more to be fixed on the falling zone of revetment (4) on, wherein, each first preventer (1) is formed as tubular, and wherein contains first and plant Species, the first preventer (1) in same row is arranged side by side, the first protection dress of adjacent two rows Put interlaced arrangement between (1);And
The second fixing device is utilized multiple second preventers (2) to be fixed on described falling zone (4) On the revetment of side, wherein, each second preventer (2) is formed as lamellar, and wherein contains the Two plant seeds, overlapped between adjacent two the second preventers (2), and, uppermost one Ranked first preventer (1) to be overlapped on nethermost second preventer (2),
Described first preventer (1) includes the first plant fiber layer (101) and the first permeable formation (102), Described first plant fiber layer (101) is used for accommodating described first plant seed, described first permeable formation (102) it is wrapped in outside described first plant fiber layer (101);And/or, described second preventer (2) the second plant fiber layer (201) and the second permeable formation (202), described second Plant fiber are included Layer (201) is used for accommodating described second plant seed, described second permeable formation (202), is wrapped in institute State outside the second plant fiber layer (201),
Wherein, described first fixing device (3) include following at least one: timber, drill rod, Anchor pole;And, described second fixing device include following at least one: U-shaped nail, anchor pole.
CN201410523150.0A 2014-09-30 2014-09-30 Revetment guard system and method Active CN104234006B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002004292A (en) * 2000-06-19 2002-01-09 Takinou Filter Kk Rolled material for vegetation
CN101904261A (en) * 2010-07-16 2010-12-08 三峡大学 Method for restoring side slope ecology by adopting AB (Acinetobacter baumannii) bacterium plant growing bags
CN202688948U (en) * 2012-04-26 2013-01-23 北京正和恒基滨水生态环境治理股份有限公司 Soil ecological side slope suitable for serving as side protecting slopes of river and canals
CN103711103A (en) * 2013-12-26 2014-04-09 江苏美尚生态景观股份有限公司 Setting method for hydro-fluctuation belt plants of ecological bank protection
CN204370371U (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-06-03 亿利首建生态科技有限公司 Revetment guard system

Patent Citations (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002004292A (en) * 2000-06-19 2002-01-09 Takinou Filter Kk Rolled material for vegetation
CN101904261A (en) * 2010-07-16 2010-12-08 三峡大学 Method for restoring side slope ecology by adopting AB (Acinetobacter baumannii) bacterium plant growing bags
CN202688948U (en) * 2012-04-26 2013-01-23 北京正和恒基滨水生态环境治理股份有限公司 Soil ecological side slope suitable for serving as side protecting slopes of river and canals
CN103711103A (en) * 2013-12-26 2014-04-09 江苏美尚生态景观股份有限公司 Setting method for hydro-fluctuation belt plants of ecological bank protection
CN204370371U (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-06-03 亿利首建生态科技有限公司 Revetment guard system

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