CN104226806A - Adjustable forming die for bending aluminum guide rails of automobile skylights - Google Patents

Adjustable forming die for bending aluminum guide rails of automobile skylights Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104226806A
CN104226806A CN201410318244.4A CN201410318244A CN104226806A CN 104226806 A CN104226806 A CN 104226806A CN 201410318244 A CN201410318244 A CN 201410318244A CN 104226806 A CN104226806 A CN 104226806A
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China
Prior art keywords
rest pad
die
dormer window
vehicle dormer
bolster
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Granted
Application number
CN201410318244.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104226806B (en
Inventor
胡相宝
凌铭棠
徐立金
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NINGBO YUMIN MACHINERY INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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NINGBO YUMIN MACHINERY INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410318244.4A priority Critical patent/CN104226806B/en
Publication of CN104226806A publication Critical patent/CN104226806A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses an adjustable forming die for bending aluminum guide rails of automobile skylights. The adjustable forming die comprises a die frame, a pressure device, an upper pressing die, a lower pressing die and a plurality of supporting blocks. The pressure device is connected to the top of the die frame, the upper pressing die is connected to the working end of the pressure device, the supporting blocks are arranged at the bottom of the die frame, a supporting block height adjusting mechanism is arranged between the supporting blocks and the die frame, the lower pressing die is arranged at the tops of the supporting blocks, the upper pressing die and the lower pressing die are made of bendable materials, cavities fitting the surfaces of the aluminum guide rails of the automobile skylights are arranged in opposite sides of the upper pressing die and the lower pressing die. Curvature in machining is adjustable and can be adjusted flexibly according to changes of material springback rates of the aluminum guide rails of the automobile skylights, the aluminum guide rails, different in springback rate, of the automobile skylights can be bent to meet the requirements, qualified rate of bending of the aluminum guide rails of the automobile skylights is increased, and machining rate of the aluminum guide rails of the automobile skylights can be further lowered.

Description

Vehicle dormer window aluminium rail bends adjustable shaping mould
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of automobile component processing unit (plant), in particular, it relates to a kind of vehicle dormer window aluminium rail bends adjustable shaping mould.
Background technology
Vehicle dormer window guide rail is generally aluminum, easy oxidation, after oxidation, hardness becomes large, rebound degree also changes thereupon, therefore when bending vehicle dormer window aluminium guide rail with bending apparatus, and should according to the difference of rebound degree, vehicle dormer window aluminium guide rail is processed different flexibility, but existing vehicle dormer window aluminium rail bends equipment can only process fixing flexibility, can not adjust bending machining ability, be difficult to the passing rate of processing guaranteeing product.Publication number is that the invention of CN103736797A discloses a kind of Multifunctional guide rail bending forming equipment on April 23rd, 2014, it comprise pedestal, mould, drawing mechanism, for by the fixed mechanism of the end winding support of guide rail on described mould, pressing mechanism and clamp system, the circular arc side that described mould is provided with vertical front surface, adjoin with described front surface both sides and the rotating central hole of described circular arc side, two described circular arc sides are symmetrical mutually; Described front surface and two described circular arc sides are provided with continuous print for holding the stretch slot of guide rail.Bending forming equipment of the present invention, guide rail is in bending forming process, the cross section of its crooked position remains unchanged, and because the position between clamp system opposing compression mechanism remains unchanged relatively, ensures that the non-deformation portion of guide rail can not produce distortion because of bending stress.In addition, because the bending forming equipment of this invention once can simultaneously brake forming four guide rails, its shaping efficiency greatly improves.But when using this invention, the flexibility of guide rail depends on the stretch slot on mould, and stretch slot shape and size are fixed, therefore this invention can only process the fixing product of flexibility, can not adjust flexibly as required, as processing flexibility will be changed, can only mould be replaced with, be unfavorable for High-efficient Production.
Summary of the invention
Existing vehicle dormer window aluminium rail bends equipment can only process fixing flexibility, can not according to the rebound degree change adjustment bending machining ability of material, be difficult to the passing rate of processing guaranteeing product, for overcoming this defect, the invention provides a kind of vehicle dormer window aluminium rail bends adjustable shaping mould that can adjust bending machining ability flexibly.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: vehicle dormer window aluminium rail bends adjustable shaping mould, comprise mold frame, pressue device, top die, dip mold and multiple rest pad, pressue device is connected to mold frame top, top die is connected to the working end of pressue device, rest pad is located at bottom mold frame, rest pad height adjustment mechanism is provided with between rest pad and mold frame, rest pad top is located at by dip mold, the material of top die and dip mold deflection is made, and the opposite face of top die and dip mold is provided with the die cavity with vehicle dormer window aluminium guide rail surface adaptation.During the work of this shaping mould, vehicle dormer window aluminium guide rail is placed between top die and dip mold, top die is applied pressure to pressue device, dip mold is withstood with rest pad, according to the desired degree of crook reached, the height of each rest pad is adjusted by rest pad height adjustment mechanism, make between top die and dip mold, to form the curved space meeting vehicle dormer window aluminium rail bends degree processing request, and the top die made with the elastomeric material of deflection and dip mold can make this curved space smoothly continuous, and top die and dip mold are compressed to a certain degree and also have rigidity, can transmission of pressure preferably, thus make vehicle dormer window aluminium guide rail pressurized under the constraint of top die and dip mold reach desired bending.
As preferably, described mold frame comprises cope match-plate pattern, lower bolster and some bolster joint pins, and cope match-plate pattern is parallel with lower bolster, and bolster joint pin two ends are connected on cope match-plate pattern and lower bolster respectively.The mold frame Stability Analysis of Structures that cope match-plate pattern, lower bolster and bolster joint pin are formed and inner space is comparatively large, can arrange other parts easily.
As preferably, described pressue device is hydraulic cylinder, and hydraulic cylinder body is hinged on bottom cope match-plate pattern, and the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder is hinged on cope match-plate pattern top.Hydraulic cylinder structure is simple, reliable operation, afterburning stable and continuous, is suitable as vehicle dormer window aluminium rail bends and adds the power source continuing mild reinforcing man-hour.
As preferably, lower bolster end face is installed with the rest pad fixed head of L shape, and rest pad is connected in the side of rest pad fixed head by bolt.By this kind of structure, rest pad side is fixed on rest pad fixed head, can be unsettled bottom rest pad, for arranging rest pad height adjustment mechanism slot milling.
As preferably, described rest pad height adjustment mechanism comprises highly adjustment stud and height-regulating slot, stud top is highly regulated to be threaded in bottom rest pad, stud bottom is highly regulated to be plugged on a support plate, stud is highly regulated to be provided with clamp nut, support plate is connected in lower bolster end face, and height-regulating slot is positioned at rest pad fixed head side and through-thickness through rest pad fixed head side, and the bolt of fixed bearing block is arranged in height-regulating slot.As rest pad height need be regulated, first unclamp the bolt of fixed bearing block, but do not take off bolt, then rotate and highly regulate stud, under highly regulating stud screw drives, simultaneously again under the guide effect of height-regulating slot, rest pad generation axial displacement, namely change height, the bolt of the rest pad that is again locked after Height Adjustment is good and clamp nut, the height and position of rest pad just can be kept.
As preferably, top die and dip mold nylon are made.It is strong that nylon deflection, stressed rear deformable but power remove rear restorability, and have certain mechanical strength, makes top die and dip mold and can realize transmission of pressure preferably and carry out moulding function to top die and the product between pressing down.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
Improve vehicle dormer window aluminium rail bends passing rate of processing.Processing flexibility of the present invention is adjustable, can adjust processing flexibility flexibly according to the change of vehicle dormer window aluminium guide material rebound degree, the vehicle dormer window aluminium guide rail of different rebound degree can be bent to and meet the requirements, and improves vehicle dormer window aluminium rail bends passing rate of processing.
Reduce vehicle dormer window aluminium guide rail processing cost.Due to the present invention, to process flexibility adjustable, and namely a shaping mould can process different bending effects, and without the need to changing the core component of different size, therefore not only can reduce Product processing cost, also can reduce self cost of manufacture.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation at visual angle, back of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is front view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the working state schematic representation of a kind of side-looking of the present invention.
In figure, 1-top die, 2-dip mold, 3-rest pad, 4-cope match-plate pattern, 5-lower bolster, 6-bolster joint pin, 7-hydraulic cylinder, 8-rest pad fixed head, 9-highly regulates stud, 10-height-regulating slot, 11-support plate, 12-clamp nut, 13-vehicle dormer window aluminium guide rail workpiece, 14-connecting plate.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing specific embodiment, the invention will be further described.
embodiment 1:
as shown in Figures 1 to 4, a kind of vehicle dormer window aluminium rail bends adjustable shaping mould, comprise mold frame, pressue device, top die 1, dip mold 2 and 21 rest pads 3, described mold frame comprises cope match-plate pattern 4, lower bolster 5 and four bolster joint pins 6, cope match-plate pattern 4 is parallel with lower bolster 5 and lay respectively at top and the bottom of described mold frame, and bolster joint pin 6 two ends are connected on cope match-plate pattern 4 and lower bolster 5 respectively by bolt.Described pressue device is hydraulic cylinder 7, have five, five hydraulic cylinders 7 control with a hydraulic circuit gauge tap jointly, hydraulic cylinder 7 cylinder body is hinged on bottom cope match-plate pattern 4, the connecting plate 14 that the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder 7 and is connected in cope match-plate pattern 4 top is hinged, and five hydraulic cylinders 7 equidistantly arrange in line.Rest pad 3 is hexahedron, and wherein top is cambered surface, and all the other five is plane, and adjacent two sides is all orthogonal.Lower bolster 5 end face is installed with the rest pad fixed head 8 of L shape, rest pad 3 is connected in the side of rest pad fixed head 8 by bolt, dip mold 2 frame at rest pad 3 top by rest pad 3 rest, rest pad height adjustment mechanism is provided with between rest pad 3 and mold frame, this rest pad height adjustment mechanism comprises highly adjustment stud 9 and height-regulating slot 10, highly regulate the number of stud 9 and height-regulating slot 10 equal with rest pad 3, be 21, be provided with screwed hole bottom rest pad 3, highly regulate stud 9 top to be threaded in rest pad 3 bottom thread hole, lower bolster 5 end face below rest pad 3 is fixed with the support plate 11 of a strip with bolt, support plate 11 end face is provided with 21 jacks, each jack is respectively just to a rest pad 3, stud 9 bottom adaptation is highly regulated to be plugged in described jack, stud 9 is highly regulated to rotate, but can not move axially, highly regulate on stud 9 and be also provided with clamp nut 12, the middle part of stud 9 is highly regulated to be provided with pair of parallel operation planar, height-regulating slot 10 is positioned at rest pad fixed head 8 side and through-thickness through rest pad fixed head 8 side, the bolt of fixed bearing block 3 is arranged in height-regulating slot 10.Top die 1 and dip mold 2 material of deflection are made, and are nylon in the present embodiment, and the opposite face of top die 1 and dip mold 2 is provided with the die cavity with vehicle dormer window aluminium guide rail surface adaptation.
Use this vehicle dormer window aluminium rail bends adjustable shaping mould to carry out vehicle dormer window aluminium rail bends and add man-hour, first operate hydraulic circuit gauge tap, all hydraulic cylinder 7 is retracted, top die 1 is separated with dip mold 2, according to the degree of crook of vehicle dormer window aluminium guide rail and crooked position, the rest pad 3 of correspondence is highly regulated, during adjustment, first unclamp the bolt of fixed bearing block 3, but do not take off bolt, the operation planar highly regulated on stud 9 is blocked with instrument, rotate and highly regulate stud 9, under the screw drives highly regulating stud 9, simultaneously again under the guide effect of height-regulating slot 10, there is axial displacement in rest pad 3, namely height is changed, again be locked after Height Adjustment is good the bolt of rest pad 3 and clamp nut 12, the height and position of rest pad 3 just can be kept, the different parts of different rest pad 3 corresponding vehicle dormer window aluminium guide rails, the line of the stressed strong point of the height official post dip mold 2 between rest pad 3 needs the flexibility processed to mate with vehicle dormer window aluminium guide rail, after this processing of vehicle dormer window aluminium rail bends can just be carried out continuously.Vehicle dormer window aluminium guide rail workpiece 13 to be processed is put on dip mold 2, the boss of vehicle dormer window aluminium guide rail workpiece 13 embeds in the die cavity of dip mold 2, operate hydraulic circuit gauge tap again, hydraulic cylinder 7 piston rod stretches out, top die 1 and the 2-in-1 mould of dip mold, top die 1 is exerted pressure, and dip mold 2 supports, vehicle dormer window aluminium guide rail workpiece 13 inside under hydrostatic pressure deforms gradually, reaches the flexibility of technological requirement.If it is longer that rear standing time produced by vehicle dormer window aluminium guide rail workpiece 13, be oxidized, hardness and rebound degree all change, and now can readjust the maximum height difference between rest pad 3, make flexibility also corresponding adjustment after the processing of vehicle dormer window aluminium guide rail workpiece 13.
embodiment 2:
rest pad 3, highly adjustment stud 9 and height-regulating slot 10 are 25, and top die 1 and dip mold 2 are made with Merlon.All the other are with embodiment 1.

Claims (6)

1. vehicle dormer window aluminium rail bends adjustable shaping mould, it is characterized in that comprising mold frame, pressue device, top die (1), dip mold (2) and multiple rest pad (3), pressue device is connected to mold frame top, top die (1) is connected to the working end of pressue device, rest pad (3) is located at bottom mold frame, rest pad height adjustment mechanism is provided with between rest pad (3) and mold frame, rest pad (3) top is located at by dip mold (2), top die (1) and dip mold (2) are made with the material of deflection, the opposite face of top die (1) and dip mold (2) is provided with the die cavity with vehicle dormer window aluminium guide rail surface adaptation.
2. vehicle dormer window aluminium rail bends adjustable shaping mould according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described mold frame comprises cope match-plate pattern (4), lower bolster (5) and some bolster joint pins (6), cope match-plate pattern (4) is parallel with lower bolster (5), and bolster joint pin (6) two ends are connected on cope match-plate pattern (4) and lower bolster (5) respectively.
3. vehicle dormer window aluminium rail bends adjustable shaping mould according to claim 2, it is characterized in that described pressue device is hydraulic cylinder (7), hydraulic cylinder (7) cylinder body is hinged on cope match-plate pattern (4) bottom, and the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder (7) is hinged on cope match-plate pattern (4) top.
4. vehicle dormer window aluminium rail bends adjustable shaping mould according to claim 2, it is characterized in that lower bolster (5) end face is installed with the rest pad fixed head (8) of L shape, rest pad (3) is connected in the side of rest pad fixed head (8) by bolt.
5. vehicle dormer window aluminium rail bends adjustable shaping mould according to claim 4, it is characterized in that described rest pad height adjustment mechanism comprises and highly regulate stud (9) and height-regulating slot (10), stud (9) top is highly regulated to be threaded in rest pad (3) bottom, stud (9) bottom is highly regulated to be plugged on a support plate (11), stud (9) is highly regulated to be provided with clamp nut (12), support plate (11) is connected in lower bolster (5) end face, height-regulating slot (10) is positioned at rest pad fixed head (8) side and through-thickness through rest pad fixed head (8) side, the bolt of fixed bearing block (3) is arranged in height-regulating slot (10).
6. the vehicle dormer window aluminium rail bends adjustable shaping mould according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5, is characterized in that top die (1) and dip mold (2) are made with nylon.
CN201410318244.4A 2014-07-04 2014-07-04 Vehicle dormer window aluminium rail bends adjustable shaping mould Active CN104226806B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN104226806B CN104226806B (en) 2016-03-30

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105424502A (en) * 2016-01-05 2016-03-23 天津大学 Circumferential weld bending tester for large-deformation pipeline and method thereof
CN105522050A (en) * 2016-01-19 2016-04-27 张家港市旭骏机械部件有限公司 Aluminum profile bending forming die
CN105522022A (en) * 2016-01-19 2016-04-27 宁海县华力机械有限公司 Curvature-variable bending equipment for skylight guide rail
CN105945152A (en) * 2016-06-12 2016-09-21 昆山三众汽车部件制造有限公司 Press bending die
CN106825155A (en) * 2017-03-14 2017-06-13 浙江卓逸铝业有限公司 A kind of aluminium section bar bent into shape device
CN108380712A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-08-10 宁波昌扬机械工业有限公司 The stepless regulated bending machine of intelligent numerical control
WO2019024151A1 (en) * 2017-08-02 2019-02-07 广州敏实汽车零部件有限公司 Mould structure for bending guide slot
CN110340231A (en) * 2019-07-12 2019-10-18 中车长春轨道客车股份有限公司 A kind of stainless steel subway window frame of automobile flexible forming process and mold
CN110961528A (en) * 2018-09-29 2020-04-07 青岛泰耕电子有限公司 Bending and stamping die for scratch-free frame
CN111185504A (en) * 2020-02-12 2020-05-22 福建福耀汽车饰件有限公司 Section bar forming equipment

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4213490C1 (en) * 1992-04-24 1993-09-30 Deutsche Aerospace Airbus Composite shaping body for stretch-forming machine - has supporting heads with similarly-curving surfaces tilting in all directions on jacks for elastic cover accommodating metal sheet
CN102240711A (en) * 2011-06-28 2011-11-16 于沛洲 Three-dimensional bending, twisting and forming die based on multi-point control
CN203292307U (en) * 2013-05-10 2013-11-20 宁波裕民机械工业有限公司 Punching die for automobile skylight guide rail
CN103736850A (en) * 2013-12-22 2014-04-23 吉林大学 Six-freedom-degree control blocking type flexible section bar three-dimensional stretch bending die and forming process
CN204035341U (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-12-24 宁波裕民机械工业有限公司 Vehicle dormer window aluminium rail bends adjustable shaping mould

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4213490C1 (en) * 1992-04-24 1993-09-30 Deutsche Aerospace Airbus Composite shaping body for stretch-forming machine - has supporting heads with similarly-curving surfaces tilting in all directions on jacks for elastic cover accommodating metal sheet
CN102240711A (en) * 2011-06-28 2011-11-16 于沛洲 Three-dimensional bending, twisting and forming die based on multi-point control
CN203292307U (en) * 2013-05-10 2013-11-20 宁波裕民机械工业有限公司 Punching die for automobile skylight guide rail
CN103736850A (en) * 2013-12-22 2014-04-23 吉林大学 Six-freedom-degree control blocking type flexible section bar three-dimensional stretch bending die and forming process
CN204035341U (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-12-24 宁波裕民机械工业有限公司 Vehicle dormer window aluminium rail bends adjustable shaping mould

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105424502A (en) * 2016-01-05 2016-03-23 天津大学 Circumferential weld bending tester for large-deformation pipeline and method thereof
CN105522050A (en) * 2016-01-19 2016-04-27 张家港市旭骏机械部件有限公司 Aluminum profile bending forming die
CN105522022A (en) * 2016-01-19 2016-04-27 宁海县华力机械有限公司 Curvature-variable bending equipment for skylight guide rail
CN105945152A (en) * 2016-06-12 2016-09-21 昆山三众汽车部件制造有限公司 Press bending die
CN106825155A (en) * 2017-03-14 2017-06-13 浙江卓逸铝业有限公司 A kind of aluminium section bar bent into shape device
WO2019024151A1 (en) * 2017-08-02 2019-02-07 广州敏实汽车零部件有限公司 Mould structure for bending guide slot
CN108380712A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-08-10 宁波昌扬机械工业有限公司 The stepless regulated bending machine of intelligent numerical control
CN110961528A (en) * 2018-09-29 2020-04-07 青岛泰耕电子有限公司 Bending and stamping die for scratch-free frame
CN110340231A (en) * 2019-07-12 2019-10-18 中车长春轨道客车股份有限公司 A kind of stainless steel subway window frame of automobile flexible forming process and mold
CN110340231B (en) * 2019-07-12 2020-09-29 中车长春轨道客车股份有限公司 Flexible forming process and die for stainless steel metro vehicle window frame
CN111185504A (en) * 2020-02-12 2020-05-22 福建福耀汽车饰件有限公司 Section bar forming equipment

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