CN104226787A - Punching integral machine tool - Google Patents

Punching integral machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104226787A
CN104226787A CN201410462223.XA CN201410462223A CN104226787A CN 104226787 A CN104226787 A CN 104226787A CN 201410462223 A CN201410462223 A CN 201410462223A CN 104226787 A CN104226787 A CN 104226787A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
punching
machine tool
cutter
integrated machine
workpiece
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Pending
Application number
CN201410462223.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李有强
Original Assignee
李有强
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Publication date
Application filed by 李有强 filed Critical 李有强
Priority to CN201410462223.XA priority Critical patent/CN104226787A/en
Publication of CN104226787A publication Critical patent/CN104226787A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a punching integral machine tool. The punching integral machine tool comprises a frame, a power mechanism, punching mechanisms, a limiting mechanism and a rigid synchronizing mechanism, wherein the power mechanism comprises hydraulic oil cylinders which move upwards and downwards; the hydraulic oil cylinders are arranged above the frame; the punching mechanism comprises an upper die tool plate which is provided with a plurality of tools; the two ends of the upper die tool plate are connected to a movable rod of the hydraulic oil cylinder, and are driven to move upwards and downwards by the hydraulic oil cylinder to realize punching; the rigid synchronizing mechanism comprises a balance lever, a ball bearing and a connecting arm; the balance lever is rotationally and fixedly arranged on the frame through the ball bearing; the balance lever is rigidly connected to both sides of the upper die tool plate through the connecting arm. The punching integral machine tool has the advantages of completion of machining through one-time punching, high efficiency and uniform punching quality.

Description

A kind of punching integrated machine tool
Technical field
The present invention relates to Machining Technology field, particularly relate to a kind of punching integrated machine tool.
Background technology
At present to some buildings, bridge, install, furniture etc. will use steel frame pipe equipment structure, be specially adapted to sparerib shelf and manufacture field, need for connecting tubing or screw, rivet arranges connecting hole, such as " sparerib shelf bedstead etc. " make production efficiency improve more than 10 times, a general pipe is 26 circular holes or 13 square holes, prior art is used to need to play 26 times or 13 times, due to the diversity of piping systems, usually the pitch of holes regulating tubing upper punch hole is needed, existing perforating press equipment great majority only have single hole cutter, one-off hole-piercing can only punching 1, and the spacing between position, hole is measured or rule of thumb carry out mobile tubing adjusting hole spacing, a usual tubing needs multiple punching, adopt the punching that existing perforating press can only realize one by one by operative, the labour intensity of workman is large, working (machining) efficiency is low, and may human error be there is in pitch of holes, thus have impact on the machining accuracy of workpiece.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to propose the punching integrated machine tool that one-off hole-piercing completes processing, efficiency is high, punching quality is unified.
For reaching this object, the present invention by the following technical solutions:
A kind of punching integrated machine tool, comprises frame, actuating unit, punch mechanism, position-limit mechanism and rigid water hammer mechanism;
Described actuating unit comprises the hydraulic jack realizing moving up and down, and described hydraulic jack is arranged on the top of described frame;
Described punch mechanism comprises the patrix cutter plate being provided with multiple cutter, the two ends of described patrix cutter plate are connected to the motion bar of described hydraulic jack and are driven to move up and down by described hydraulic jack and realize punching, and quantity and the interval of quantity and the interval punching needed for workpiece of the cutter of described patrix cutter plate are arranged;
Described position-limit mechanism comprises the counterdie work piece platform for spacing placement processing work, and described counterdie work piece platform is arranged on immediately below described patrix cutter plate;
Described rigid water hammer mechanism comprises balance bar, ball bearing and linking arm, and described balance bar is fixedly installed in described frame by described ball bearing is rotating, and described balance bar is rigidly connected in the both sides of described patrix cutter plate by described linking arm.
Preferably, described position-limit mechanism also comprises forced locking device, described forced locking device through the side of workpiece by Workpiece clamping in described counterdie work piece platform.
Preferably, described forced locking device and described actuating unit coordinated signals.
Preferably, described actuating unit also comprises and to move up and down the guide rail of track for limiting punch mechanism, described guide rail drives the punching direction of motion of described punch mechanism to be arranged on the sidewall of described frame along described hydraulic jack, described patrix cutter plate is provided with the guide groove block matched with described guide rail, and is driven to move up and down by described hydraulic jack and realize punching.
Preferably, the spacing opposite face of described guide rail and described guide groove block is inclination opposite face, and described guide groove block is provided with the slack adjuster for adjusting angle of inclination.
Preferably, described counterdie workbench is also provided with the pad of different-thickness, and described pad is for increasing the width of workpiece.
Preferably, described cutter comprises cutter head, and described cutter head is bolted and is installed on cutter.
Preferably, described patrix cutter plate arranges T-shaped chute, and described cutter is installed in described T-shaped chute by skid.
Preferably, described counterdie work piece platform is provided with dead slot, and described dead slot is for holding described cutter when getting through workpiece punching, and the groove width of described dead slot is less than the width of workpiece.
Preferably, also safety detection mechanism is provided with between the punch area of described frame.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: 1, be provided with the punching press simultaneously of multiple cutter head, realize one-off hole-piercing and complete work pieces process, reduce labor strength, improve working (machining) efficiency; 2, punching motion stabilization is high up and down, and precision is high; 3, the setting of rigid water hammer mechanism, guarantees the synchronism that left and right drives, and improves the uniformity of punching quality.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of one embodiment of the present of invention;
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged drawing of the punching mechanism of one embodiment of the present of invention;
Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged drawing of one end of the patrix cutter plate of one embodiment of the present of invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the rigid water hammer mechanism of one embodiment of the present of invention.
Wherein: frame 1, actuating unit 2, punch mechanism 3, position-limit mechanism 4, hydraulic jack 21, guide rail 22, patrix cutter plate 31, guide groove block 32, slack adjuster 33, T-shaped chute 311, cutter 312, slide block 313, cutter head 301, bolt 302, counterdie work piece platform 41, dead slot 411, rigid water hammer mechanism 5, balance bar 51, ball bearing 52, linking arm 53.
Detailed description of the invention
Technical scheme of the present invention is further illustrated by detailed description of the invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
A kind of punching integrated machine tool, comprises frame 1, actuating unit 2, punch mechanism 3, position-limit mechanism 4 and rigid water hammer mechanism 5;
Described actuating unit 2 comprises the hydraulic jack 21 realizing moving up and down, and described hydraulic jack 21 is arranged on the top of described frame 1;
Described punch mechanism 3 comprises the patrix cutter plate 31 being provided with multiple cutter 312, the two ends of described patrix cutter plate 31 are connected to the motion bar of described hydraulic jack 21 and are driven to move up and down by described hydraulic jack 21 and realize punching, and quantity and the interval of quantity and the interval punching needed for workpiece of the cutter 312 of described patrix cutter plate 31 are arranged;
Described position-limit mechanism 4 comprises the counterdie work piece platform 41 for spacing placement processing work, and described counterdie work piece platform 41 is arranged on immediately below described patrix cutter plate 31;
Described rigid water hammer mechanism 5 comprises balance bar 51, ball bearing 52 and linking arm 53, described balance bar 51 is fixedly installed in described frame 1 by described ball bearing 52 is rotating, and described balance bar 51 is rigidly connected in the both sides of described patrix cutter plate 31 by described linking arm 53.
Guide rail 22 drives the punching direction of motion of punch mechanism 3 to be arranged on the sidewall of frame 1 along hydraulic jack 21, and hydraulic jack 21 is arranged on above frame 1, directly can dismantle above frame 1, install, change conveniently when changing hydraulic jack 21.Hydraulic jack 21 power is strong, make moving up and down of punch mechanism 3 more stable, and punching hole burr is out few, improves the quality of product.
Punch mechanism 3 is upper and lower punching campaign under the driving of hydraulic jack 21, be provided with the two ends that two hydraulic jacks 21 are connected to patrix cutter plate 31, guarantee that each cutter 312 of patrix cutter plate 31 is by being equal to and stable punching force, improves punching quality and the uniformity of square tube.Be provided with rigid water hammer mechanism 5, the both sides of patrix cutter plate 31 are connected to balance bar 51 by linking arm 53, guarantee the synchronism moved up and down of the both sides of patrix cutter plate 31, avoid the hydraulic jack 21 of the left and right sides asynchronous, ensure that the punching quality of square tube and the uniformity of quality.
Preferably, described position-limit mechanism 4 also comprises forced locking device, described forced locking device through the side of workpiece by Workpiece clamping in described counterdie work piece platform 41.When workpiece is placed on lathe by workman, workpiece is by forced locking device auto lock in frame 1, and punch mechanism 3 provides power to realize upper and lower punching campaign by actuating unit 2, has reduced or remitted by the operation of workman to workpiece manual locking, reduce the labour intensity of workman, enhance productivity.
Preferably, described forced locking device and described actuating unit 2 coordinated signals.When workpiece is locked by forced locking device, actuating unit 2 drives punch mechanism 3 to move downward to carry out punching to workpiece, when punching completes, actuating unit 2 drives punch mechanism 3 to move upward, forced locking device 42 pairs of workpiece unclamp, facilitate workman to the handling of workpiece, also improve the security of processing.
Preferably, described actuating unit 2 also comprises and to move up and down the guide rail 22 of track for limiting punch mechanism 3, described guide rail 22 drives the punching direction of motion of described punch mechanism 3 to be arranged on the sidewall of described frame 1 along described hydraulic jack 21, described patrix cutter plate is provided with the guide groove block matched with described guide rail, and is driven to move up and down by described hydraulic jack and realize punching.
Being equipped with of guide rail 22 and guide groove block 32, makes moving up and down of patrix cutter plate 31 can not produce left and right skew, thus improves the machining accuracy to workpiece.In addition, be provided with the patrix cutter plate 31 that cutter 312 matches with quantity and the interval of punching needed for workpiece, the setting of multiple cutter 312 makes lathe one-off hole-piercing of the present invention can complete the punching processing of a tubing workpiece, reduce or remit workman to the operation to position, hole, it also avoid because artificial interval is to the error in hole, improve processing efficiency, also improve the precision between workpiece hole distance.
Preferably, described guide rail 22 is inclination opposite face with the spacing opposite face of described guide groove block 32, and described guide groove block 32 is provided with the slack adjuster 33 for adjusting angle of inclination.
Guide rail 22 is inclination opposite face with the spacing opposite face of guide groove block 32, and guide groove block 32 is provided with the slack adjuster 33 for adjusting angle of inclination.If guide rail 22 is at right angles relative with guide groove block 32 form a right angle opposite face, when punch mechanism 3 slides up and down motion, guide rail 22 can wear and tear because of the number of times slided with the opposite face of guide groove block 32, spacing between guide rail 22 and guide groove block 32 can increase because of wearing and tearing, what cause that punch mechanism 3 can not be firm slides along guide rail 22, be set to inclination opposite face, when spacing between guide rail 22 and guide groove block 32 becomes large, by adjustment slack adjuster 33, the spacing between guide groove block 32 and guide rail 22 is adjusted by the angle of inclination of adjustment guide groove block 32, effectively solve the problem of degree of tightness between guide groove block 32 and guide rail 22.
Preferably, described counterdie workbench 41 is also provided with the pad of different-thickness, and described pad is for increasing the width of workpiece.Be provided with the pad of different-thickness, make counterdie workbench 41 be applicable to the processing of different in width tubing.
Preferably, described cutter 312 comprises cutter head 301, and described cutter head 301 is fixedly installed in cutter 312 by bolt 302.Cutter head 301 is fixedly installed in cutter 312 by bolt 302, the easily passivation of cutter head 301 of a specified duration service time, not sharp, by bolt 302 firmly and simply install make cutter head 301 can dismounting easily on cutter 312, also very easily easy for the cutter head 301 changing different punching shape, be applicable to circular hole punching or square hole punching etc.
Preferably, described patrix cutter plate 31 arranges T-shaped chute 311, and described cutter 312 is slidably mounted in described T-shaped chute 311 by slide block 313.The setting of T-shaped chute 311 makes in cutter 312 is slidably mounted on by slide block 313, and the convenient adjustment of the spacing between multiple cutter 312, dismounting is easy, and replaceable is other poroid cutters 312.
Preferably, described counterdie work piece platform 41 is provided with dead slot 411, and described dead slot 411 is for holding the described cutter 312 when getting through workpiece punching, and the groove width of described dead slot 411 is less than the width of workpiece.The both sides of patrix cutter plate 31 are connected to balance bar 51 by linking arm 53, guarantee the synchronism moved up and down of the both sides of patrix cutter plate 31, avoid the hydraulic jack 21 of the left and right sides asynchronous.
Preferably, also safety detection mechanism is provided with between the punch area of described frame 1.Be provided with safety detection mechanism, as infrared detection, can detect the operation whether workman completes place work piece, workman's health leaves actuating unit 2 between punch area just to start to drive, and improves the security of production and processing.
Below know-why of the present invention is described in conjunction with specific embodiments.These describe just in order to explain principle of the present invention, and can not be interpreted as limiting the scope of the invention by any way.Based on explanation herein, those skilled in the art does not need to pay performing creative labour can associate other detailed description of the invention of the present invention, and these modes all will fall within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a punching integrated machine tool, is characterized in that: comprise frame, actuating unit, punch mechanism, position-limit mechanism and rigid water hammer mechanism;
Described actuating unit comprises the hydraulic jack realizing moving up and down, and described hydraulic jack is arranged on the top of described frame;
Described punch mechanism comprises the patrix cutter plate being provided with multiple cutter, the two ends of described patrix cutter plate are connected to the motion bar of described hydraulic jack and are driven to move up and down by described hydraulic jack and realize punching, and quantity and the interval of quantity and the interval punching needed for workpiece of the cutter of described patrix cutter plate are arranged;
Described position-limit mechanism comprises the counterdie work piece platform for spacing placement processing work, and described counterdie work piece platform is arranged on immediately below described patrix cutter plate;
Described rigid water hammer mechanism comprises balance bar, ball bearing and linking arm, and described balance bar is fixedly installed in described frame by described ball bearing is rotating, and described balance bar is rigidly connected in the both sides of described patrix cutter plate by described linking arm.
2. punching integrated machine tool according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described position-limit mechanism also comprises forced locking device, described forced locking device through the side of workpiece by Workpiece clamping in described counterdie work piece platform.
3. punching integrated machine tool according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described forced locking device and described actuating unit coordinated signals.
4. punching integrated machine tool according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described actuating unit also comprises and to move up and down the guide rail of track for limiting punch mechanism, described guide rail drives the punching direction of motion of described punch mechanism to be arranged on the sidewall of described frame along described hydraulic jack, described patrix cutter plate is provided with the guide groove block matched with described guide rail, and is driven to move up and down by described hydraulic jack and realize punching.
5. punching integrated machine tool according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the spacing opposite face of described guide rail and described guide groove block is inclination opposite face, and described guide groove block is provided with the slack adjuster for adjusting angle of inclination.
6. punching integrated machine tool according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described counterdie workbench is also provided with the pad of different-thickness, described pad is for increasing the width of workpiece.
7. punching integrated machine tool according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cutter comprises cutter head, described cutter head is bolted and is installed on cutter.
8. punching integrated machine tool according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described patrix cutter plate arranges T-shaped chute, and described cutter is installed in described T-shaped chute by skid.
9. punching integrated machine tool according to claim 8, is characterized in that: described counterdie work piece platform is provided with dead slot, and described dead slot is for holding described cutter when getting through workpiece punching, and the groove width of described dead slot is less than the width of workpiece.
10. punching integrated machine tool according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be also provided with safety detection mechanism between the punch area of described frame.
CN201410462223.XA 2014-09-11 2014-09-11 Punching integral machine tool Pending CN104226787A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410462223.XA CN104226787A (en) 2014-09-11 2014-09-11 Punching integral machine tool

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410462223.XA CN104226787A (en) 2014-09-11 2014-09-11 Punching integral machine tool

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CN104226787A true CN104226787A (en) 2014-12-24

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104209394A (en) * 2014-09-11 2014-12-17 李有强 Punching integrated lathe
CN105291191A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-02-03 玉环县天来机械设备有限公司 Stamping mechanism for medical membrane

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS60152326A (en) * 1984-08-06 1985-08-10 Amada Co Ltd Turret punch press
CN102166596A (en) * 2011-05-11 2011-08-31 武汉市雅智工贸有限公司 Automatic punching machine for square tubes
CN203437493U (en) * 2013-09-06 2014-02-19 杭州飞航模具科技有限公司 Punching die of plate-shaped part
CN104209394A (en) * 2014-09-11 2014-12-17 李有强 Punching integrated lathe
CN204035313U (en) * 2014-09-11 2014-12-24 李有强 A kind of punching integrated machine tool
CN204052556U (en) * 2014-09-11 2014-12-31 李有强 A kind of punching integrated machine tool

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS60152326A (en) * 1984-08-06 1985-08-10 Amada Co Ltd Turret punch press
CN102166596A (en) * 2011-05-11 2011-08-31 武汉市雅智工贸有限公司 Automatic punching machine for square tubes
CN203437493U (en) * 2013-09-06 2014-02-19 杭州飞航模具科技有限公司 Punching die of plate-shaped part
CN104209394A (en) * 2014-09-11 2014-12-17 李有强 Punching integrated lathe
CN204035313U (en) * 2014-09-11 2014-12-24 李有强 A kind of punching integrated machine tool
CN204052556U (en) * 2014-09-11 2014-12-31 李有强 A kind of punching integrated machine tool

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104209394A (en) * 2014-09-11 2014-12-17 李有强 Punching integrated lathe
CN105291191A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-02-03 玉环县天来机械设备有限公司 Stamping mechanism for medical membrane
CN105291191B (en) * 2015-11-11 2017-05-03 玉环县天来机械设备有限公司 Stamping mechanism for medical membrane

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