CN104224185B - One kind of get up monitoring system and method for wards - Google Patents

One kind of get up monitoring system and method for wards Download PDF

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CN104224185B
CN104224185B CN201410447056.1A CN201410447056A CN104224185B CN 104224185 B CN104224185 B CN 104224185B CN 201410447056 A CN201410447056 A CN 201410447056A CN 104224185 B CN104224185 B CN 104224185B
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monitoring
gravity
bed
ward
central processor
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CN104224185A (en
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罗红菊
曹黄金
王继业
何燕娴
易仁亮
郑稀文
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广州军区广州总医院
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种用于病房的起床监控系统及方法,该系统包括监护服务器和分别设置在每个病房里的多个监护处理装置,监护处理装置包括中央处理器、存储模块、第一通讯模块、第一模数转换器、第二模数转换器、安装在病床背面的重力传感器以及安装在病房内的厕所门口的红外传感器,重力传感器通过第一模数转换器与中央处理器连接,红外传感器通过第二模数转换器与中央处理器连接,存储模块及第一通讯模块均与中央处理器连接,监护服务器包括监控主机、第二通讯模块、显示模块及警报器。 The present invention discloses a system and method for monitoring up ward for the monitoring system comprises a plurality of servers and a monitoring processing means are provided in each ward, the processing means comprises a central monitor processor, a storage module, a first communication module, a first analog to digital converter, a second analog to digital converter, an infrared sensor mounted on the back surface of the bed and the gravity sensor installed in the toilet door of the ward, a gravity sensor connected by a first analog to digital converter and a central processing unit, a second analog to digital converter connected by an infrared sensor and a central processor, a first memory module and the communications module are connected to the central processor, including monitoring host monitoring server, a second communication module, display module and an alarm. 本发明可及时地实现对病人的起床监控,大大减少看护人员,而且不影响病人的正常休息,也保障了病人的隐私,可广泛应用于病房的起床监控领域中。 The present invention can be implemented in a timely manner to get up monitoring of patients, greatly reducing nursing staff, but does not affect the patient's normal rest, but also to protect the patient's privacy can be widely used to get up surveillance in the ward.

Description

一种用于病房的起床监控系统及方法 One kind of get up monitoring system and method for wards

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及病房的监护领域,特别是涉及一种用于病房的起床监控系统及方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to the monitoring unit, and in particular relates to a system and method for monitoring up for ward.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着社会的发展,人们对医疗问题也越来越重视,对医疗环境的要求也越来越高,而且随着人口老龄化的到来,越来越多的老人生病住院时子女无法全程看护,因此病房监护成为比较重要的问题。 [0002] With the development of society, people more and more attention to medical problems, requirements for medical environments have become more sophisticated, and with the advent of an aging population, an increasing number of elderly people in hospital when sick children can not full care and thus ward care become more important issue. 传统的病房监护是采用人工巡视方式一间间病房进行查看,这种方式需要耗费较多人力,且效率较低,另外,因为巡视时间间隔的问题,也无法及时地实现对病人的监护。 The traditional ward care is an artificial way to ward patrol view, this approach takes more manpower and less efficient. In addition, because the patrol matter of time intervals, can not be achieved care to patients in a timely manner. 还有,目前大部分地方医疗资源还较为缺乏,目前很多医院存在病人多但是护士等看护人员少,无法满足看护需求的问题。 There are, at present most places is more a lack of medical resources also, but at present there is less patient and more nurses and other caregivers, can not meet the demand for care problem in many hospitals.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 为了解决上述的技术问题,本发明的目的是提供一种用于病房的起床监控系统,本发明的另一目的是提供一种用于病房的起床监控方法。 [0003] To solve the above technical problems, an object of the present invention is to provide a monitoring system up ward for a further object of the present invention is to provide a method for monitoring up wards.

[0004] 本发明解决其技术问题所采用的技术方案是: [0004] aspect of the present invention to solve the technical problem are:

[0005] —种用于病房的起床监控系统,包括监护服务器和分别设置在每个病房里的多个监护处理装置,所述监护处理装置包括中央处理器、存储模块、第一通讯模块、第一模数转换器、第二模数转换器、安装在病床背面的重力传感器以及安装在病房内的厕所门口的红外传感器,所述重力传感器通过第一模数转换器与中央处理器连接,所述红外传感器通过第二模数转换器与中央处理器连接,所述存储模块及第一通讯模块均与中央处理器连接; [0005] - Monitoring systems for seed up wards, including monitoring server and a plurality of monitoring means are provided in each processing ward, said processing means comprises a central monitor processor, a storage module, a first communication module, the first an analog to digital converter, a second analog to digital converter, a gravity sensor installed in the back of the bed and the toilet door is mounted on the ward infrared sensor, the gravity sensor connected by a first analog to digital converter and a central processor, the said infrared sensor connected with the central processor via a second analog to digital converter, the first communication module and a storage module are connected to the central processor;

[0006] 所述监护服务器包括监控主机、第二通讯模块、显示模块及警报器,所述监控主机通过第二通讯模块与第一通讯模块连接,所述监控主机分别与显示模块及警报器连接。 [0006] The monitoring server includes a monitored host, a second communication module, display module and an alarm, the monitoring host computer via a second communication module and a first communication module, the monitoring host computer are connected to an alarm and display module .

[0007] 进一步,所述第一通讯模块通过有线通讯方式或无线局域网通讯方式与第二通讯模块连接。 [0007] Further, the first communication module connected to the second communication module by way of wired communications or wireless LAN communication.

[0008] 进一步,所述中央处理器采用单片机。 [0008] Further, the central processor microcontroller.

[0009] 进一步,所述监护处理装置还包括第一RF射频通讯模块及第二RF射频通讯模块,所述重力传感器依次通过第一模数转换器及第一RF射频通讯模块与中央处理器连接,所述红外传感器依次通过第二模数转换器及第二RF射频通讯模块与中央处理器连接。 [0009] Further, the monitoring apparatus further comprises a first processing RF RF RF RF communication module and a second communication module, a gravity sensor and a first analog to digital converter sequentially by a first radio frequency RF communication module connected to the central processor the infrared sensor and the analog to digital converter in turn is connected via a second communication module and a second RF radio central processor.

[0010] 本发明解决其技术问题所采用的另一技术方案是: [0010] Another aspect of the present invention to solve the technical problem are:

[0011] —种用于病房的起床监控方法,包括: [0011] - kind of get used to ward monitoring method, comprising:

[0012] S1、实时采用重力传感器采集病床的重力数据并发送到中央处理器,中央处理器判断实时获取的重力数据是否处在该病床对应的预设阈值范围内,若是,则继续采集病床的重力数据并作判断,反之,执行步骤S2 ; [0012] S1, a gravity sensor data in real time using gravity collection bed and sent to the central processor, the central processor determines whether or gravity data acquired in real time is within a preset threshold range corresponding to the bed, if yes, continue to collect bed gravity data and judge, on the contrary, to step S2;

[0013] S2、中央处理器开始计时,并在到达第一预设时间阈值后,判断是否接收到红外传感器的感应信息,若是,则执行步骤S3,否则判定发生异常状况并执行步骤S5 ; [0013] S2, the central processing start time, and after reaching a first predetermined time threshold, determining whether the received infrared sensors sensing information, if yes, performing step S3, the step S5 and otherwise determines the occurrence of an abnormal condition;

[0014] S3、中央处理器重新开始计时,并在到达第二预设时间阈值后,判断是否再次接收到红外传感器的感应信息,若是,则继续执行步骤S4,否则判定发生异常状况并执行步骤S5 ; After [0014] S3, the central processor to restart timing, and reaches the second preset time threshold, determining whether the received infrared sensor sensing information again, and if so, proceed to step S4, otherwise, determines that an abnormal condition occurs and step S5;

[0015] S4、中央处理器再次开始计时,并在达到第一预设时间阈值后,获取重力传感器实时采集的重力数据并判断其是否处在该病床对应的预设阈值范围内,若是,则返回执行步骤SI,否则判定发生异常状况并执行步骤S5 ; [0015] S4, the central processor again start time, and after reaching a first predetermined time threshold, obtaining a gravity sensor gravity data collected in real time and determine whether it is within a predetermined threshold range corresponding to the bed, if yes, returns to step SI, otherwise determines the occurrence of an abnormal condition and performs step S5;

[0016] S5、通过无线通讯方式发送告警触发信息以及对应的病床信息到监控主机,监控主机接收到该告警触发信息及病床信息后,自动触发警报器进行报警,同时显示该病床信息; [0016] S5, transmits alarm information through wireless communication and bed trigger information corresponding to the monitoring host, the host monitoring after receiving the trigger information and the alarm information beds, automatically trigger an alarm siren, the beds simultaneously displaying information;

[0017] 所述红外传感器安装在病房内的厕所门口。 The [0017] The infrared sensor is installed in the toilet door ward.

[0018] 进一步,所述步骤SI之前还包括以下步骤: [0018] Further, before the step SI further comprising the step of:

[0019] S0、获取病人首次躺在病床上时重力传感器采集的重力数据作为重力标准值后,根据重力标准值和预设波动范围获得该病床的预设阈值范围,同时接收监控主机发送的设置参数后对第一预设时间阈值和第二预设时间阈值进行赋值。 [0019] S0, gravity data acquired for the first time when the patient lying on the bed as a gravity sensor gravity collected after a standard value, the preset threshold is obtained based on the gravity range of the bed and a preset standard value fluctuation range, while receiving the transmitted setting monitoring host assignment of a first predetermined time threshold and the second threshold value after the predetermined time parameter.

[0020] 进一步,所述预设波动范围为±5%。 [0020] Further, the predetermined fluctuation range of ± 5%.

[0021] 本发明的有益效果是:本发明的一种用于病房的起床监控系统,包括监护服务器和分别设置在每个病房里的多个监护处理装置,监护处理装置包括中央处理器、存储模块、第一通讯模块、第一模数转换器、第二模数转换器、安装在病床背面的重力传感器以及安装在病房内的厕所门口的红外传感器,重力传感器通过第一模数转换器与中央处理器连接,红外传感器通过第二模数转换器与中央处理器连接,存储模块及第一通讯模块均与中央处理器连接;监护服务器包括监控主机、第二通讯模块、显示模块及警报器,监控主机通过第二通讯模块与第一通讯模块连接,监控主机分别与显示模块及警报器连接。 [0021] Advantageous effects of the invention is: A monitoring system according to the present invention up wards, comprising a plurality of monitoring and a monitoring server processing means are provided in each ward, the processing means comprises a central monitor processor, a storage module, a first communication module, a first analog to digital converter, a second analog to digital converter, an infrared sensor mounted on the back surface of the bed and the gravity sensor installed in the toilet door of the ward, and a gravity sensor by a first analog- the central processor is connected, via a second analog-infrared sensors with the central processor, a first memory module and the communications module are connected to the central processor; monitoring comprises monitoring host server, a second communication module, display module and an alarm monitoring a second host computer via the communication module and the first communication module, are connected to the host monitor and alarm display module. 本发明通过采用设置在病床下的重力传感器对病床上的重力数据进行实时采集,通过设置在厕所门口的红外传感器对病房内人员走动的情况进行监控,可以及时地实现对病人的起床监控,在满足看护需求的前提下大大减少看护人员,而且不影响病人的正常休息,也保障了病人的隐私。 The present invention is by using a gravity sensor in the bed of gravity data on the bed real-time collection, to monitor the situation in the ward personnel walking through the infrared sensor is disposed in the toilet door can be timely achieved up monitoring of patients, the under the premise of meeting the care needs of caregivers greatly reduced, but does not affect the patient's normal rest, but also to protect patient privacy.

[0022] 本发明的另一有益效果是:本发明的一种用于病房的起床监控方法,通过实时采用重力传感器采集病床的重力数据并发送到中央处理器,中央处理器判断实时获取的重力数据是否处在该病床对应的预设阈值范围内来判断病人是否起床及病人起床一定时间后是否回到病床上,结合根据红外传感器的感应信息来判断病人进出厕所的情况,进而判断是否发生异常状况,并在发生异常状态时,通过无线通讯方式发送告警触发信息以及对应的病床信息到监控主机,监控主机接收到该告警触发信息及病床信息后,自动触发警报器进行报警,同时显示该病床信息。 [0022] Another advantage of the present invention is: A monitoring method according to the present invention up ward for real-time data using gravity gravity sensor and transmitted to the central collecting bed processor, the central processor determines the acquired real-time gravity whether the data is within a preset threshold range to determine whether the corresponding bed back to the bed and the patient after the patient is getting up a certain time, the binding of the infrared sensor according to the sensing information to determine whether the patient out of the toilet, so as to determine whether or not abnormality occurs condition, and in the event of an abnormal state, transmits alarm information through wireless communication, and the trigger information corresponding to the monitoring host bed, monitoring host after receiving the trigger information and the alarm information beds, automatically trigger an alarm siren, while displaying the bed information. 本方法通过采用设置在病床下的重力传感器对病床上的重力数据进行实时采集,通过设置在厕所门口的红外传感器对病房内人员走动的情况进行监控,可以及时地实现对病人的起床监控,在满足看护需求的前提下大大减少看护人员,而且不影响病人的正常休息,也保障了病人的隐私。 This method is performed by using a gravity sensor in the bed of gravity data on the bed real-time collection, to monitor the situation in the ward personnel walking through the infrared sensor is disposed in the toilet door can be timely achieved up monitoring of patients, the under the premise of meeting the care needs of caregivers greatly reduced, but does not affect the patient's normal rest, but also to protect patient privacy.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0023] 下面结合附图和实施例对本发明作进一步说明。 Drawings and embodiments of the present invention will be further described [0023] below in conjunction.

[0024]图1是本发明的一种用于病房的起床监控系统的结构框图; [0024] FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a monitoring system up ward for the present invention;

[0025]图2是本发明的一种用于病房的起床监控系统的一具体实施例的结构框图; [0025] FIG. 2 is a block diagram of the present invention provide a monitoring system up ward for a particular embodiment;

[0026] 图3是本发明的一种用于病房的起床监控方法的流程示意图。 [0026] FIG. 3 is a flow diagram of a monitoring method of the present invention is up for ward.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0027] 参照图1,本发明提供了一种用于病房的起床监控系统,包括监护服务器和分别设置在每个病房里的多个监护处理装置,所述监护处理装置包括中央处理器、存储模块、第一通讯模块、第一模数转换器、第二模数转换器、安装在病床背面的重力传感器以及安装在病房内的厕所门口的红外传感器,所述重力传感器通过第一模数转换器与中央处理器连接,所述红外传感器通过第二模数转换器与中央处理器连接,所述存储模块及第一通讯模块均与中央处理器连接; [0027] Referring to FIG 1, the present invention provides a system for monitoring up wards, including monitoring server and a plurality of monitoring means are provided in each processing ward, said processing means comprises a central monitor processor, a storage module, a first communication module, a first analog to digital converter, a second analog to digital converter, a gravity sensor attached to the back bed and the toilet door is mounted on the ward infrared sensor, the gravity sensor by a first analog to digital conversion with the central processor is connected to the second ADC infrared sensor connected with the central processor, the memory module and a first communication module connected to the central processor via each;

[0028] 所述监护服务器包括监控主机、第二通讯模块、显示模块及警报器,所述监控主机通过第二通讯模块与第一通讯模块连接,所述监控主机分别与显示模块及警报器连接。 [0028] The monitoring server includes a monitored host, a second communication module, display module and an alarm, the monitoring host computer via a second communication module and a first communication module, the monitoring host computer are connected to an alarm and display module .

[0029] 进一步作为优选的实施方式,所述第一通讯模块通过有线通讯方式或无线局域网通讯方式与第二通讯模块连接。 [0029] As a further preferred embodiment, the first communication module connected to the second communication module by way of wired communications or wireless LAN communication.

[0030] 进一步作为优选的实施方式,所述中央处理器采用单片机。 [0030] As a further preferred embodiment, the central processor microcontroller.

[0031] 进一步作为优选的实施方式,参照图2,所述监护处理装置还包括第一RF射频通讯模块及第二RF射频通讯模块,所述重力传感器依次通过第一模数转换器及第一RF射频通讯模块与中央处理器连接,所述红外传感器依次通过第二模数转换器及第二RF射频通讯模块与中央处理器连接。 [0031] As a further preferred embodiment, with reference to FIG. 2, the monitoring apparatus further includes a first processing RF RF RF RF communication module and a second communication module, a gravity sensor and a first analog-sequentially by first RF radio communication module is connected with the central processor, the infrared sensor and the analog to digital converter in turn is connected via a second communication module and a second RF radio central processor.

[0032] 本发明解决其技术问题所采用的另一技术方案是: [0032] Another aspect of the present invention to solve the technical problem are:

[0033] 参照图3,一种用于病房的起床监控方法,包括: [0033] Referring to FIG 3 A method of monitoring up wards, comprising:

[0034] S1、实时采用重力传感器采集病床的重力数据并发送到中央处理器,中央处理器判断实时获取的重力数据是否处在该病床对应的预设阈值范围内,若是,则继续采集病床的重力数据并作判断,反之,执行步骤S2 ; [0034] S1, a gravity sensor data in real time using gravity collection bed and sent to the central processor, the central processor determines whether or gravity data acquired in real time is within a preset threshold range corresponding to the bed, if yes, continue to collect bed gravity data and judge, on the contrary, to step S2;

[0035] S2、中央处理器开始计时,并在到达第一预设时间阈值后,判断是否接收到红外传感器的感应信息,若是,则执行步骤S3,否则判定发生异常状况并执行步骤S5 ; [0035] S2, the central processing start time, and after reaching a first predetermined time threshold, determining whether the received infrared sensors sensing information, if yes, performing step S3, the step S5 and otherwise determines the occurrence of an abnormal condition;

[0036] S3、中央处理器重新开始计时,并在到达第二预设时间阈值后,判断是否再次接收到红外传感器的感应信息,若是,则继续执行步骤S4,否则判定发生异常状况并执行步骤S5 ; After [0036] S3, the central processor to restart timing, and reaches the second preset time threshold, determining whether the received infrared sensor sensing information again, and if so, proceed to step S4, otherwise, determines that an abnormal condition occurs and step S5;

[0037] S4、中央处理器再次开始计时,并在达到第一预设时间阈值后,获取重力传感器实时采集的重力数据并判断其是否处在该病床对应的预设阈值范围内,若是,则返回执行步骤SI,否则判定发生异常状况并执行步骤S5 ; [0037] S4, the central processor again start time, and after reaching a first predetermined time threshold, obtaining a gravity sensor gravity data collected in real time and determine whether it is within a predetermined threshold range corresponding to the bed, if yes, returns to step SI, otherwise determines the occurrence of an abnormal condition and performs step S5;

[0038] S5、通过无线通讯方式发送告警触发信息以及对应的病床信息到监控主机,监控主机接收到该告警触发信息及病床信息后,自动触发警报器进行报警,同时显示该病床信息; [0038] S5, transmits alarm information through wireless communication and bed trigger information corresponding to the monitoring host, the host monitoring after receiving the trigger information and the alarm information beds, automatically trigger an alarm siren, the beds simultaneously displaying information;

[0039] 所述红外传感器安装在病房内的厕所门口。 [0039] The infrared sensor is installed in the toilet door ward.

[0040] 进一步作为优选的实施方式,所述步骤SI之前还包括以下步骤: [0040] As a further preferred embodiment, prior to said step SI further comprising the step of:

[0041] S0、获取病人首次躺在病床上时重力传感器采集的重力数据作为重力标准值后,根据重力标准值和预设波动范围获得该病床的预设阈值范围,同时接收监控主机发送的设置参数后对第一预设时间阈值和第二预设时间阈值进行赋值。 [0041] S0, gravity data acquired for the first time when the patient lying on the bed as a gravity sensor gravity collected after a standard value, the preset threshold is obtained based on the gravity range of the bed and a preset standard value fluctuation range, while receiving the transmitted setting monitoring host assignment of a first predetermined time threshold and the second threshold value after the predetermined time parameter.

[0042] 进一步作为优选的实施方式,所述预设波动范围为±5%。 [0042] As a further preferred embodiment, the predetermined fluctuation range of ± 5%.

[0043] 下面结合具体实施例对本发明作进一步说明。 [0043] The following embodiments in conjunction with specific embodiments of the present invention will be further described.

[0044] 实施例一 [0044] Example a

[0045] 参照图1及图2,一种用于病房的起床监控系统,包括监护服务器和分别设置在每个病房里的多个监护处理装置,监护处理装置包括中央处理器、存储模块、第一通讯模块、第一模数转换器、第二模数转换器、安装在病床背面的重力传感器以及安装在病房内的厕所门口的红外传感器,重力传感器通过第一模数转换器与中央处理器连接,红外传感器通过第二模数转换器与中央处理器连接,存储模块及第一通讯模块均与中央处理器连接; [0045] Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2 A monitoring system up for a ward, and a plurality of monitoring includes monitoring server processing means are provided in each ward, the processing means comprises a central monitor processor, a storage module, the first a communication module, a first analog to digital converter, a second analog to digital converter, an infrared sensor mounted on the back surface of the bed and the gravity sensor installed in the toilet door of the ward, a gravity sensor with the central processor via a first analog to digital converter connection, an infrared sensor connected to the central processor through a second analog to digital converter, a first communication module and a storage module are connected to the central processor;

[0046] 监护服务器包括监控主机、第二通讯模块、显示模块及警报器,监控主机通过第二通讯模块与第一通讯模块连接,监控主机分别与显示模块及警报器连接。 [0046] The monitoring server includes a monitored host, a second communication module, display module and an alarm, monitoring host via a first communication module and a second communication module, are connected to the host monitor and alarm display module.

[0047] 第一通讯模块通过有线通讯方式或无线局域网通讯方式与第二通讯模块连接,中央处理器采用单片机。 [0047] The first communication module connected to the second communication module by way of wired communications or wireless LAN communication, the central processor microcontroller.

[0048] 监护处理装置还包括第一RF射频通讯模块及第二RF射频通讯模块,重力传感器依次通过第一模数转换器及第一RF射频通讯模块与中央处理器连接,红外传感器依次通过第二模数转换器及第二RF射频通讯模块与中央处理器连接。 [0048] The monitoring apparatus further comprises a first processing RF RF RF RF communication module and a second communication module, a gravity sensor in turn connected by a first analog to digital converter and a first radio frequency RF communication module and a central processing unit, an infrared sensor passes through the first two digital converter and a second radio frequency RF communication module is connected with the central processor.

[0049] 监护处理装置还包括用于为监护处理装置提供工作电源的电源模块。 [0049] The apparatus further comprises a monitoring process for providing operating power to power supply monitoring module processing apparatus.

[0050] 本实施例中,多个监护处理装置安装在不同的病房中,用于监控不同病房的病人的起床情况。 [0050] In this embodiment, a plurality of monitoring devices mounted in a different processing unit, the condition of the patient up to monitor different wards. 第一模数转换器用于将重力传感器采集的重力数据转换为数字信号,第二模数转换器用于将红外传感器采集的数据转换为数字信号,这里的第一、第二只是用于区分模数转换器,实际上,第一模数转换器和第二模数转换器可采用同款型号的模数转换器。 A first analog to digital converter for converting a gravity sensor data collected by gravity into a digital signal, a second analog to digital converter for converting the data collected by infrared sensor into a digital signal, where the first, second only used to distinguish modulus converter, in practice, the first and second analog-digital converter may be employed with the models of the analog to digital converter. 每个监护处理装置的重力传感器和红外传感器的数量可以为一个,也可以为多个,例如,若病房中有3个病床I个厕所,则重力传感器的数量为3个,红外传感器的数量为I个,具体根据病床数量跟厕所的数量来决定。 A gravity sensor for each monitoring device and the processing amount may be an infrared sensor, may be a plurality, e.g., if the unit has three beds I toilet, the gravity sensor number is three, the number of infrared sensors I a, with a specific number of toilets is determined according to the number of beds.

[0051] 监护处理装置的中央处理器跟各传感器之间是通过RF射频通讯模块进行连接的,通过RF射频通讯模块将各个病床及厕所门口的感应数据发送到中央处理器,中央处理器进行处理判断后将异常状况反馈到监护服务器,从而通知相关人员进行处理。 [0051] between the central processing device with a processor monitoring each sensor is connected via a radio frequency RF communication module, transmits a radio frequency RF communication modules through respective beds and toilet door sensing data to the central processor, the central processor for processing after feedback to determine the abnormal condition monitoring server, so as to inform the relevant personnel for processing. 重力传感器、第一模数转换器及第一RF射频通讯模块也可以采用市面上的集成终端,只要能采集重力信号并转换为数字信号后将得到的数字信号通过RF射频通讯方式发送到中央处理器即可。 A gravity sensor, a first analog to digital converter and a first radio frequency RF communication module may be an integrated terminal market, after the digital signal can be acquired as long as gravity signal and converted into digital signals transmitted to the central processing obtained through RF radio communication It can be. 同样的,红外传感器、第二模数转换器及第二RF射频通讯模块也可以采用集成终端来实现。 Similarly, an infrared sensor, a second analog to digital converter, and a second RF RF communications module may also be implemented in an integrated terminal.

[0052] 本监控系统通过重力传感器和红外传感器的结合来对病人进行起床监控,不影响病人的正常休息且保障病人的隐私。 [0052] The present monitoring system to monitor the patient by binding up a gravity sensor and an infrared sensor, and the patient does not affect the normal rest and protect patient privacy. 通过设置在病床下的重力传感器对病床上的重力数据进行实时采集,并通过中央处理器对采集到的重力数据进行筛选处理,可以判断病人是否在病床上,而通过设置在厕所门口的红外传感器对病房内人员走动的情况进行监控,并实时传输至中央处理器,可以判断病人是否在病房内正常走动。 By gravity sensor disposed in the bed of gravity on the bed real-time data collection, processing and filtering the collected data through the CPU gravity can be determined whether the patient is in bed, through an infrared sensor provided in front of the toilet the situation in the ward staff to monitor walk, and real-time transmission to the central processor can determine whether the patient normally walk around the ward. 存储模块用于存储接收的重力数据及红外线传感器的感应信息。 Storing means for storing the received sensing information gravity data and infrared sensor.

[0053] 实施例二 [0053] Second Embodiment

[0054] 参照图3,一种用于病房的起床监控方法,包括: [0054] Referring to FIG 3 A method of monitoring up wards, comprising:

[0055] S1、实时采用重力传感器采集病床的重力数据并发送到中央处理器,中央处理器判断实时获取的重力数据是否处在该病床对应的预设阈值范围内,若是,则继续采集病床的重力数据并作判断,反之,执行步骤S2。 [0055] S1, a gravity sensor data in real time using gravity collection bed and sent to the central processor, the central processor determines whether or gravity data acquired in real time is within a preset threshold range corresponding to the bed, if yes, continue to collect bed gravity data and judge, on the contrary, to step S2.

[0056] S2、中央处理器开始计时,并在到达第一预设时间阈值后,判断是否接收到红外传感器的感应信息,若是,则执行步骤S3,否则判定发生异常状况并执行步骤S5 ;接收到红外传感器的感应信息表示有病人经过,若没接收到,则表示无病人经过,该病人可能在从病床到厕所的过程中发生跌倒等意外。 [0056] S2, the central processing start time, and after reaching a first predetermined time threshold, determining whether the received infrared sensors sensing information, if yes, performing step S3, it is determined that an abnormal situation occurs, and otherwise, performs step S5; receiving the infrared sensor sensing information indicates patients after, if not received, it indicates that no patient through the patient falls and other accidents may occur in the course from the bed to the toilet.

[0057] S3、中央处理器重新开始计时,并在到达第二预设时间阈值后,判断是否再次接收到红外传感器的感应信息,若是,则继续执行步骤S4,否则判定发生异常状况并执行步骤S5 ;同样的,接收到红外传感器的感应信息表示有病人经过,若没接收到,则表示无病人经过,该病人可能在从厕所里发生跌倒等意外。 After [0057] S3, the central processor to restart timing, and reaches the second preset time threshold, determining whether the received infrared sensor sensing information again, and if so, proceed to step S4, otherwise, determines that an abnormal condition occurs and step S5; Similarly, the infrared sensor sensing the received information indicates that after patients, if not received, it indicates that no patient through the patient may fall down from the toilet accident.

[0058] S4、中央处理器再次开始计时,并在达到第一预设时间阈值后,获取重力传感器实时采集的重力数据并判断其是否处在该病床对应的预设阈值范围内,若是,则返回执行步骤SI,否则判定发生异常状况并执行步骤S5。 [0058] S4, the central processor again start time, and after reaching a first predetermined time threshold, obtaining a gravity sensor gravity data collected in real time and determine whether it is within a predetermined threshold range corresponding to the bed, if yes, returns to step SI, otherwise determines that an abnormal situation occurs and step S5.

[0059] S5、通过无线通讯方式发送告警触发信息以及对应的病床信息到监控主机,监控主机接收到该告警触发信息及病床信息后,自动触发警报器进行报警,同时显示该病床信息; [0059] S5, transmits alarm information through wireless communication and bed trigger information corresponding to the monitoring host, the host monitoring after receiving the trigger information and the alarm information beds, automatically trigger an alarm siren, the beds simultaneously displaying information;

[0060] 红外传感器安装在病房内的厕所门口。 [0060] The infrared sensor is installed in the toilet door ward.

[0061] 步骤SI之前还包括以下步骤: [0061] SI further comprising prior to step the steps of:

[0062] S0、获取病人首次躺在病床上时重力传感器采集的重力数据作为重力标准值后,根据重力标准值和预设波动范围获得该病床的预设阈值范围,同时接收监控主机发送的设置参数后对第一预设时间阈值和第二预设时间阈值进行赋值。 [0062] S0, gravity data acquired for the first time when the patient lying on the bed as a gravity sensor gravity collected after a standard value, the preset threshold is obtained based on the gravity range of the bed and a preset standard value fluctuation range, while receiving the transmitted setting monitoring host assignment of a first predetermined time threshold and the second threshold value after the predetermined time parameter.

[0063] 第一预设时间阈值跟第二预设时间阈值是相关人员根据经验,通过监控主机发送设置参数到中央处理器后进行赋值的。 [0063] The first predetermined time threshold with a second predetermined time threshold is empirically related art, by monitoring the host sends setup parameters to the central processor assigned. 第一预设时间阈值一般参照病人从病床到病房厕所门口的正常行走时间来设置,比该正常行走时间略长,第二预设时间阈值一般根据病人的上厕所时长来设置。 A first predetermined time threshold from the average patient ward beds to normal walking time set with reference to the toilet door, walk a little longer than the normal time, the second predetermined time threshold value is generally based on the length of the patient when the toilet set.

[0064] 预设波动范围用于区分病人是否离开病床,一般结合重力传感器的误差来设置,优选的,本实施例中,预设波动范围为±5%。 [0064] The predetermined fluctuation range for distinguishing whether the patient leaves the bed, typically in conjunction with a gravity sensor error is set, preferably, in the present embodiment, the predetermined fluctuation range of ± 5%. 例如,获取得到某病人入院后首次躺在病床上时重力传感器采集的重力数据为60Kg,则结合预设波动范围获得该病床对应的预设阈值范围为57Kg~63Kg,因此,若中央处理器接收到该病床的重力传感器采集的重力数据超出这个范围,则表明病人已经起床。 For example, acquiring data obtained after gravity admission of a patient lying in bed for the first time is acquired 60Kg gravity sensor, in conjunction with the predetermined fluctuation range of the obtained preset threshold range corresponding to the bed is 57Kg ~ 63Kg, therefore, when the central processor receives the bed to gravity data collected by the sensor gravity exceeds this range, it indicates that the patient has to get up.

[0065] 本方法用于辅助进行病房监控,一般用于深夜等医护人手不足的时刻,本方法的应用环境是病人躺在床上休息的时候,因此,若检测到病人已经起床,则判断经过一定时间后病人是否进入病房内的厕所,若是,则表明病人此时还是正常行动的,若否,则病人有可能是跌下床或者走路跌倒等异常情况,需要提醒值班人员进行留意。 [0065] The present method for assisting unit for monitoring, and the like are generally used for night time shortage of health care, environmental application of the method is that the patient bed rest, therefore, the patient has to get up when it is detected, it is determined after a certain after the time whether the patient into the toilet in the ward, and if so, at this time indicates that the patient or normal operations, if not, the patient is likely to fall off the bed or walking abnormalities such as the need to remind the staff on duty attention. 另外,检测到病人进入厕所一段时间后,再次检测病人是否离开厕所,若是则同样表明病人正常行动,若否,则病人可能晕倒或跌倒在厕所内,也需要提醒值班人员进行观察。 In addition, the patient is detected after a period of time into the toilet, again detect whether the patient leaves the toilet, if the patient also showed normal operations, if not, the patient may faint or fall in the toilet, but also need to remind the staff on duty were observed. 另外,病人离开厕所往病床走的时候也可能发生跌倒等情况,因此过一段时间后也要检测病人是否已经回到病床上。 In addition, when the patient leaves the hospital bed to go to the toilet also falls and other circumstances that may occur, so after some time also detect whether the patient has returned to bed. 故本方法通过结合重力传感器及红外传感器采集的数据,可以采集得知病人的起床情况,从而对病人的起床进行监控,及时地发送告警触发信息以及对应的病床信息到监控主机,从而触发报警器报警通知值班人员。 Therefore, the present method in conjunction with a gravity sensor and infrared data collected by the sensor, that can be collected up to the patient, thereby waking up the patient monitor, bed timely alarm triggering transmission information corresponding to the monitoring and the host, thereby triggering the alarm alarm notification duty.

[0066] 以上是对本发明的较佳实施进行了具体说明,但本发明创造并不限于实施例,熟悉本领域的技术人员在不违背本发明精神的前提下还可做出种种的等同变形或替换,这些等同的变型或替换均包含在本申请权利要求所限定的范围内。 [0066] The foregoing is the preferred embodiment of the present invention have been specifically described, but the present invention is not limited to the creation of embodiments, those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the present invention may also be made of a variety of modification or equivalent Alternatively, such equivalent variations or substitutions are included in the present application within the scope defined by the claims.

Claims (3)

1.一种用于病房的起床监控方法,其特征在于,包括: 51、实时采用重力传感器采集病床的重力数据并发送到中央处理器,中央处理器判断实时获取的重力数据是否处在该病床对应的预设阈值范围内,若是,则继续采集病床的重力数据并作判断,反之,执行步骤S2 ; 52、中央处理器开始计时,并在到达第一预设时间阈值后,判断是否接收到红外传感器的感应信息,若是,则执行步骤S3,否则判定发生异常状况并执行步骤S5 ; 53、中央处理器重新开始计时,并在到达第二预设时间阈值后,判断是否再次接收到红外传感器的感应信息,若是,则继续执行步骤S4,否则判定发生异常状况并执行步骤S5 ; 54、中央处理器再次开始计时,并在达到第一预设时间阈值后,获取重力传感器实时采集的重力数据并判断其是否处在该病床对应的预设阈值范围内,若是,则返回 CLAIMS 1. A method of monitoring up ward, characterized in that, comprising: 51, a gravity sensor data in real time using gravity collection bed and sent to the central processor, the central processor determines whether the real-time data acquired in the gravity bed corresponding to a preset threshold range, and if yes, continue to collect data gravity bed and judge, on the contrary, to step S2; 52, a central processing start time, and after reaching a first predetermined time threshold, determining whether the received infrared sensors sensing information, if yes, performing step S3, it is determined that an abnormal situation occurs, and otherwise, performs step S5; 53, the central processor to restart timing, and after reaching a second preset time threshold, determining whether the infrared sensor is received again the sensing information, if yes, proceed to step S4, step S5 is performed and otherwise determines the occurrence of an abnormal condition; 54, a central processing start timing again, and after reaching a first predetermined time threshold, obtaining a gravity sensor gravity data collected in real time and determine whether it is within a predetermined threshold range corresponding to the bed, if yes, returns 执行步骤SI,否则判定发生异常状况并执行步骤S5 ; 55、通过无线通讯方式发送告警触发信息以及对应的病床信息到监控主机,监控主机接收到该告警触发信息及病床信息后,自动触发警报器进行报警,同时显示该病床信息; 所述红外传感器安装在病房内的厕所门口。 The SI step, otherwise determines the occurrence of an abnormal condition and performs step S5; 55, send an alarm triggered by the radio communication information corresponding to the monitoring information of the host bed, the monitoring host after receiving the trigger information and the alarm information beds, alarm is automatically triggered alarm, displaying the information bed; the infrared sensor is installed in the toilet door wards.
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种用于病房的起床监控方法,其特征在于,所述步骤SI之前还包括以下步骤: S0、获取病人首次躺在病床上时重力传感器采集的重力数据作为重力标准值后,根据重力标准值和预设波动范围获得该病床的预设阈值范围,同时接收监控主机发送的设置参数后对第一预设时间阈值和第二预设时间阈值进行赋值。 The method for monitoring up wards according to claim 1, characterized in that, further comprising the step prior to said step SI: S0, first obtaining a patient lying on the bed when the gravity gravity data collected by the sensor as gravity standard value, the preset threshold is obtained based on the gravity range of the bed and a preset standard value fluctuation range, while monitoring the received first predetermined time threshold and a second threshold value preset time after the assignment setting parameters transmitted by the host.
3.根据权利要求2所述的一种用于病房的起床监控方法,其特征在于,所述预设波动范围为±5%。 3. A method for monitoring up wards according to claim 2, wherein the predetermined fluctuation range of ± 5%.
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