CN104221712B - Seafood mushroom and cultural method thereof - Google Patents

Seafood mushroom and cultural method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104221712B
CN104221712B CN201410444783.2A CN201410444783A CN104221712B CN 104221712 B CN104221712 B CN 104221712B CN 201410444783 A CN201410444783 A CN 201410444783A CN 104221712 B CN104221712 B CN 104221712B
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seafood mushroom
culture medium
cultural
seafood
mushroom
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CN201410444783.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104221712A (en
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廖洪初
刘小平
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江西星火菌业科技发展有限责任公司
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Abstract

Invention provides a kind of seafood mushroom and cultural method thereof, comprise culture medium, described in it, seafood mushroom culture medium comprises following mass percent component: oil tea shell 30-45%, cedar sawdust 30-45%, wheat bran 15-20%, corn flour 3-5%, land plaster 1-2%, auxiliary material 1-2%, mineral water, described auxiliary material comprises tannin and Tea Saponin component. Seafood mushroom culture medium provided by the invention, needed water content when it both can be the growth of seafood mushroom culture medium, the requirement to air humidity can meet again the growth of seafood mushroom time meets the requirement of seafood mushroom mycelia respiration to oxygen simultaneously, reduce cost, improved product quality.

Description

Seafood mushroom and cultural method thereof
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of bacterium mushroom and cultural method, particularly a kind of seafood mushroom and cultural method thereof.
Background technology
Seafood mushroom has another name called beautiful gill fungus, the beautiful gill fungus of spot, true Ji mushroom, and quality is tender and crisp, and taste is fresh, has sea crab taste, is referred to as " crab flavour mushroom ", " seafood mushroom " in Japan. Be under the jurisdiction of Bai Mo section, beautiful gill fungus genus, fructification is medium to larger. Seafood mushroom, belongs to the raw whiterot fungi of the low form raw bacterium of grass or wood, has very high nutritive value and medical value, and color is pure white, bacterial context plumpness, delicate mouthfeel, smell fragrance, delicious flavour. The Amino Acids in Proteins A wide selection of colours and designs of seafood mushroom, comprise 8 kinds of essential amino acids, also contain several polysaccharide bodies, the hot water of its fructification and extractive with organic solvent have the effect of human free radical of removing, have anticancer, anti-cancer, the immunity that improves, anti-aging, life-extending effect in advance so often eat seafood mushroom. Be a kind of very edible mushroom of high nutritive value and medical value that has, color is pure white, bacterial context plumpness, delicate mouthfeel, smell fragrance, delicious flavour. Its mycelial growth optimum temperature 24--26 DEG C, sporophore growth optimum temperature 8--18 DEG C. About growth cycle 100 days, biological transformation ratio 60-80%.
In the market, the raw material of conventionally producing edible mushroom is main mainly with cotton seed hulls, weed tree sawdust etc.; In addition, then according to mushroom kind growth adaptability and the convenience of drawing materials, the factors such as price height, select to add the corncob of part, bagasse, the raw materials such as lotus seed shell.
But, use above-mentioned raw materials to produce seafood mushroom product, on the one hand, its raw material production cost is relatively higher, its biological efficiency 70% left and right that only reaches on the low side when factory culture. On the other hand, seafood mushroom and other bacterium mushrooms require basically identical to the water content of culture medium in the time of growth phase, but its water content requirement of culture medium for seafood mushroom in the time of the fruiting stage is higher, and water content requires to reach more than 70%, and its air humidity is required to reach 90-95%; And if the water content of culture medium is too high, can affect again conversely the breathing growth of mycelia. Therefore, how solving above-mentioned contradiction, is in seafood mushroom production process, the problem of facing the reality. The culture medium of the seafood mushroom using, in keeping the water content of culture medium, can meet again the respiratory requirement of seafood mushroom mycelia, and the requirement to air humidity while keeping the growth of seafood mushroom.
Summary of the invention:
Invention will provide a kind of seafood mushroom and cultural method thereof exactly, seafood mushroom culture medium provided by the invention, needed water content when it both can be the growth of seafood mushroom culture medium, requirement to air humidity can meet again the growth of seafood mushroom time, meet the requirement of seafood mushroom mycelia respiration to oxygen simultaneously, reduce cost, improved product quality.
The cultural method of a kind of seafood mushroom of the present invention, comprise culture medium, described in it, seafood mushroom culture medium comprises following mass percent component: oil tea shell 30-45%, cedar sawdust 30-45%, wheat bran 15-20%, corn flour 3-5%, land plaster 1-2%, auxiliary material 1-2%, mineral water, described auxiliary material comprises tannin and Tea Saponin component.
The cultural method of seafood mushroom of the present invention, the each constituent mass percentage of described auxiliary material is tannin 40-60%, Tea Saponin 60-40%.
The cultural method of seafood mushroom of the present invention, controlling described oil tea shell size is 4-10 order, be soaked in water to process is no less than 20 hours simultaneously.
Cedar sawdust of the present invention is through the processing of trickle stack retting, and Shi Jian≤180 day are managed in control Chu.
Seafood mushroom of the present invention obtains according to described cultural method cultivation above.
Mineral water of the present invention is rich selenium minerals matter water, in the cultivation process of seafood mushroom, rich selenium minerals matter water joins the use amount in culture medium, for the 65-70% of culture medium gross mass, that is to say and keep the water content of culture medium at 65-70%, use the mass content of each trace element of rich selenium minerals matter water as follows: selenium 0.002-0.015, potassium 1.0-2.50, sodium 12.00-35.0, calcium 3.50-12.00, magnesium 0.10-1.00, metasilicic acid 50.00-90.00, total dissolved solid 120.00-200.0, lithium 0.06-0.20, control the pH7.20-8.50 of described rich selenium minerals matter water.
Advantage of the present invention: it forms seafood mushroom of the present invention culture medium used by said components, there is stronger water retention property, in the situation that other each side conditions are identical, the time fruiting that will shift to an earlier date 4-6 days than the culture medium for cultivating sporophore growth of existing conventional seafood mushroom.
On the other hand, the oil tea shell tissue that the culture medium of the seafood mushroom that the present invention uses uses is similar to cavernous body, there is stronger water-holding capacity, it is too high that it can make up compost water content, and affect the respiration of mycelia, in keeping the water content of culture medium, the requirement to air humidity can keep again the growth of seafood mushroom time. The seafood mushroom environmental protection of simultaneously producing.
In the each component of culture medium of the present invention, also can comprise herbal component, described herbal component can be dried orange peel, balloonflower root, pseudo-ginseng, its proportioning by etc. the amount of weight be configured, its quality proportioning is 1:1:1; Also can configure in any proportion, described herbal component joins amount general control in culture medium at 0.5-1.2%. The Tea Saponin adding in auxiliary material and tannin can configure by equal proportion, that is to say each 50% proportional arrangement in mass ratio, also can within the scope of aforementioned proportion, be equipped with arbitrarily.
In the main batching of the present invention, add tannin and Tea Saponin and each herbal component, and in the material oil tea shell that adds culture medium, contain equally the beneficiating ingredients such as a certain amount of Tea Saponin, Tea Saponin is by sugared body, aglucon and organic acid composition, as a kind of natural non-ionic surface active agent, there is good emulsification, dispersion, moistening effect, there is impervious, anti-inflammatory, the pharmacological effect such as anticancer simultaneously, also have an effect of sterilizing pesticide and stimulating plant growth, Tea Saponin biodegradation is completely free from environmental pollution, safe, nontoxic. In raw material of the present invention, add tannin, claim again tannin or tannic acid, it can be combined into protein or alkaloid the polyhydric phenols of precipitation. It can eliminate superfluous free radical in organism, safeguard cytoplasmic flowing and the conformation of protein, prevents the fracture of radiation-actuate DNA, is suppressing lipid peroxidation thereby play, cardiovascular, anticancer, anti-sudden change, anti-ageing, the aspects such as anti-cataract have good efficacy. Tannin has antioxidation, facts have proved, it can improve the mouthfeel of fruit body of edible fungi when edible, and local flavor is stronger. Utilize culture medium of the present invention and conventional culture medium, the seafood massee fruiting bodies cultivating, edible relatively time, shows that the seafood massee fruiting bodies local flavor that the present invention cultivates is better.
The present invention's mineral water used preferentially adopts rich selenium minerals matter water, the content of the selenium element in its water reaches 0.002-0.015 ㎎/l, selenium is only 1/100000000th at the content of earth's crust table, there are 72% the scarce selenium in area or low selenium state in China, can bring out various diseases and lack selenium, as cancer, angiocardiopathy, DD etc. Selenium can be safeguarded the healthy of people, the one, can improve human immunologic function, cancer-resisting, prevent and treat cardiovascular, protection liver, delay senility. The 2nd, selenium can participate in the treatment of diabetes, can protect repair cell, and can improve eyesight and prevent and treat eye illness, protection eyes, selenium can improve erythrocytic oxygen carrying capacity, the gas defence of can also detoxifying, antipollution. For getting rid of vivotoxin, the food that edible selenium content is high, seafood mushroom of the present invention is used after rich selenium minerals matter water, the seafood mushroom product that it is produced, the Se content of more existing conventional seafood mushroom is high.
Seafood mushroom of the present invention adopts its cultivation of above-mentioned culture medium to cultivate by existing technical method.
Detailed description of the invention: below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail. In embodiment, each component is mass parts.
The cultural method of a kind of seafood mushroom of the present invention, it adopts above-mentioned nutrient media components, adopts existing cultural method, produces seafood mushroom, adopt existingly will shift to an earlier date 4 days to produce fruiting product, and environmental protection non agricultural chemical residuum.
Embodiment 1
The seafood mushroom of the cultural method cultivation of a kind of seafood mushroom of the present invention, the culture medium of its use is following mass component: oil tea shell 37, cedar sawdust 39, wheat bran 18, corn flour 3, land plaster 1.8, described auxiliary material comprises herbal component and tannin 0.25, Tea Saponin 0.25, described herbal component is dried orange peel 0.3, balloonflower root 0.2, pseudo-ginseng 0.2, rich selenium minerals matter water recited above is joined in culture medium, and controlling its water content is 65-70%; Oil tea shell is through pulverizing 10 eye mesh screens, or controls its granular size 0.2 centimetre of left and right; And use before use rich selenium minerals matter water soaking more than 24 hours, before cedar sawdust uses, after the rich selenium minerals matter of outdoor use water drenches, stack retting is more than 180 days, and general control was at 200 days. With front except debarking, residual branch and foreign material, 90 days cultural hypha phases, mushroom producing culture 28 days, is 80% to be biological efficiency through calculating its biology conversion ratio.
Embodiment 2,Undeclared part and example 1 are same,
The cultural method of a kind of seafood mushroom of the present invention, the culture medium of its use is following mass component: oil tea shell 35, cedar sawdust 39, wheat bran 18, corn flour 3, land plaster 0.5, described auxiliary material comprises tannin 0.5, Tea Saponin 0.5, adds rich selenium minerals matter water, and controlling its water content is 65-70%; Oil tea shell is through pulverizing 6 eye mesh screens, and is soaked in water before use more than 36 hours, and before cedar sawdust uses, after outdoor water drenches, stack retting is more than 180 days, and general control was at 210 days. Its biology conversion ratio is 82%.
Comparative example:
Described in this comparative example, nutrient media components is as follows: cotton seed hulls 68, and weed tree sawdust 10, wheat bran 18, corn flour 3, land plaster 1, auxiliary material 4, described auxiliary material adopts prior art component, but does not contain herbal component and component of the present invention. Other cultivation condition is identical with embodiment 1,2,90 days cultural hypha phases, and mushroom producing culture 30 days, fruiting is compared with 4 days evenings of the inventive example 1,2, and biology conversion ratio is 78%.
Utilize seafood mushroom that the inventive method produces after testing main several each nutrition content as following table 1:
Table 1:
Composition Protein Fat Carbohydrate Cellulose Polysaccharide Ash content
Content (%) 14.7 4.31 73.2 15.2 5.5 Surplus is ash content
Illustrate: 1, upper table is the seafood mushroom product nutrition detection table that utilizes the inventive method to use the raw materials such as rich selenium minerals matter water and oil tea shell to prepare.
Table 2: for using the micronutrient levels of seafood mushroom of the rich selenium minerals matter water of the present invention and light water cultivation, (㎎/Kg) table 2:
Illustrate: comparative example uses the trace element that the seafood mushroom of conventional water and raw material cultivation contains as can be seen from Table 2, particularly few containing the amount of selenium element, utilize the seafood mushroom that the present invention cultivates to exceed more than 4 times compared with Se content in its product of seafood mushroom of art methods cultivation, and the seafood mushroom fruiting evening of producing, thereby improve production cost.

Claims (4)

1. the cultural method of a seafood mushroom, comprise culture medium, it is characterized in that described seafood mushroom culture medium comprises following mass percent component: oil tea shell 30-45%, cedar sawdust 30-45%, wheat bran 15-20%, corn flour 3-5%, land plaster 1-2%, auxiliary material 0.5-1.2%, mineral water, described auxiliary material comprises tannin and Tea Saponin;
The each constituent mass percentage of described auxiliary material is tannin 40-60%, Tea Saponin 60-40%.
2. according to the cultural method of seafood mushroom claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that controlling described oil tea shell size is 4-10 order, and be soaked in water to process is no less than 20 hours simultaneously.
3. according to the cultural method of seafood mushroom claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that described cedar sawdust is through the processing of trickle stack retting, control Chu reason Shi Jian≤180 day.
4. the seafood mushroom that foundation cultural method cultivation claimed in claim 1 obtains.
CN201410444783.2A 2014-09-03 2014-09-03 Seafood mushroom and cultural method thereof CN104221712B (en)

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CN105766364A (en) * 2014-12-26 2016-07-20 王贵孝 Method for cultivating organic-selenium-rich pleurotus nebrodensis with traditional Chinese medicine dregs
CN104961581A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-10-07 合肥福泉现代农业科技有限公司 Seafood mushroom culture medium with high biotransformation value prepared from seaweeds and preparation method for seafood mushroom culture medium
CN105724061B (en) * 2016-04-25 2019-04-30 江西农业大学 A kind of oil tea shell is the seafood mushroom bottle cultivating method of matrix
CN106350378A (en) * 2016-11-01 2017-01-25 江西省食品发酵研究所 Fresh-keeping rice wine and preparation method thereof
CN110199772A (en) * 2019-05-28 2019-09-06 贵州省贵福菌业发展有限公司 A kind of improvement grape branch powder cultivation oil tea mushroom biological conversion rate method
CN110115197A (en) * 2019-05-28 2019-08-13 贵州省贵福菌业发展有限公司 A kind of oil tea mushroom cultivation base and preparation method thereof
CN110115198A (en) * 2019-05-28 2019-08-13 贵州省贵福菌业发展有限公司 A kind of improvement cedar sawdust preparation oil tea mushroom culture material biological conversion rate method
CN110199776A (en) * 2019-05-28 2019-09-06 贵州省贵福菌业发展有限公司 One kind is prepared for oil tea mushroom cultivation base and uses oil tea shell preprocess method
CN111264299A (en) * 2020-01-21 2020-06-12 中国农业大学 Method for biosynthesizing organic selenium by utilizing hypsizygus marmoreus

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