CN104221674B - A kind of botanical seedling culturing non-woven fabrics nutrition cup patterning method - Google Patents

A kind of botanical seedling culturing non-woven fabrics nutrition cup patterning method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104221674B
CN104221674B CN201410445176.8A CN201410445176A CN104221674B CN 104221674 B CN104221674 B CN 104221674B CN 201410445176 A CN201410445176 A CN 201410445176A CN 104221674 B CN104221674 B CN 104221674B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
nutrition cup
nursery
woven fabrics
long
furrow
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CN201410445176.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104221674A (en
Inventor
邓荫伟
梁士楚
韩宗林
刘灵
邓业成
冯玉能
梁瑞郑
韩宗柏
蒋柏生
周新富
杜忠
张敏
黄东
陈平
唐生森
陈江平
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广西师范大学
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of botanical seedling culturing non-woven fabrics nutrition cup patterning method, comprise: nursery lot select with wholely, build sunshade, the step such as cutting bed layout, nutrition cup cut, nutrition cup is put, seedling planting, the nutrition cup of this method cutting, puts neat, even, is beneficial to plantation nursery stock, convenient management, the seedling quality cultivated is good, increases work efficiency, and saves seedling cost, improve outplanting rate, survival rate is high.

Description

A kind of botanical seedling culturing non-woven fabrics nutrition cup patterning method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of botanical seedling culturing non-woven fabrics nutrition cup patterning method, belong to agriculture field.
Background technology
Nutritive soil cup for plant nursery is adopted to be one of major measure cultivated plants breeding strong sprout, nutrition cup is adopted on a large scale in recent years in international and domestic cultivating seedlings in forestry, agricultural industry, forestry adopt the method carry out Growing Seedling of China Fir, cultivate 1 year, outplanting rate reaches more than 95%, its seedling root is flourishing, sturdy, and survival rate is high.Nutritive soil cup for plant nursery, has become one of technical measures of modern agricultural production development, has had larger development prospect.
In recent years in the cutting of non-woven fabrics nutrition cup, all adopt scissors directly to cut off or cut off with parting tool, time-consuming, the nutrition cup put is irregular, is not easy to operation of planting seedlings.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of botanical seedling culturing non-woven fabrics nutrition cup patterning method, the nutrition cup of this method cutting, puts neat, even, is beneficial to plantation nursery stock.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above is as follows: a kind of botanical seedling culturing non-woven fabrics nutrition cup patterning method, comprising:
1) nursery lot select with wholely
Selected nursery lot in the winter upper one year of nursery, nursery lot selected that requirement has a good transport service, draining and water condition is good, soil layer at more than 1.0M, that the soil is porous is fertile, first nursery lot is ploughed deeply 20.0cm, remove foreign material, soil disinfection, rake, for subsequent use;
2) sunshade is built
The canopy height 2.0m of sunshade, sunshade rate is 75%;
3) cutting bed layout
Get Chinese fir board, the quantity of Chinese fir board is determined according to the quantity of wide, long and every furrow seedling in nursery lot furrow face, the long 130.0cm of every block Chinese fir board, wide 8.0cm, thick 2.0cm, the plank of each vertical nail one piece of thick 2.0cm, long 8.0cm, wide 8.0cm at the inward at both ends 8.0cm place of every block Chinese fir board, as fence board, Chinese fir board is closely placed side by side, obtains cutting bed;
4) nutrition cup cutting
Neatly, closely put on cutting tables by non-woven fabrics nutrition cup bar, each cutting bed puts two layers of non-woven fabrics nutrition cup bar, cuts off or sawed-off non-woven fabrics nutrition cup bar, obtain the nutrition cup of long 8.0cm with the width of cutter according to each block Chinese fir board;
5) nutrition cup is put
Is raked in ground, nursery, remove the stone grain of more than diameter 2.0cm and foreign material, be placed in the furrow face of nursery lot by smooth successively for nutrition cup, form a fitly nursery furrow face, then will put the furrow limit earthing of nutrition cup;
6) seedling planting
Each nutrition cup plants seedlings 1 strain, sufficient normal root water is drenched immediately after having planted furrow, after 15 minutes, spray 50% carbendazim, 500 times of liquid once, per hectare sprays liquid 600kg, and furrow face is taken bamboo arch, at bamboo arch upper cover plastic sheeting for farm use heat and moisture preserving after 20-50 days, plastic sheeting for farm use is opened, nursery stock is managed normally.
On the basis of technique scheme, the present invention can also do following improvement.
Further, 1) in, described soil disinfection is the liquor potassic permanganate of sprinkling one time 0.1%, and per hectare sprays liquid 750kg.
Further, 4) in, described cutter is the meniscate standing grain cutter of band sawtooth, and the long 25cm of blade, thickness 2.2cm, material is manganese steel, and handle of a knife is wooden handle, long 21cm.
Further, 6) in, the specification of described bamboo arch is long 220cm, wide 2.8cm, sagitta 60cm.
Cutting bed of the present invention is wooden article, separately can design and adopt aluminium condensation material, rolling type, convenient operation, raising work efficiency;
Cutter of the present invention change electric operating into by manual operation, can save labour intensity during operation.
This nutrition cup patterning method compares with existing patterning method:
This method every day, everyone cut nutrition cup 4000, and existing patterning method every day, everyone cut nutrition cup 2500, improved work efficiency 0.6 times.
The nutrition cup of this method cutting, puts neat, even, is beneficial to plantation nursery stock, increases work efficiency.
The nutrition cup that this method is put plants seedlings 3800 strains for each person every day, and existing method is planted seedlings 2300 strains for each person every day, improves work efficiency 0.65 times.
This method is planted seedlings neatly, convenient management, and the seedling quality cultivated is good, increases work efficiency, and saves seedling cost, and improve outplanting rate, survival rate is high.
The present invention is according to cultivation nursery stock kind, nursery stock specification, standard, and layout becomes standardized nutrition cup bar cutting bed, and the layout of this cutting bed is simple, and cost is low, high efficiency, is suitable for applying in production.
The implication of term used in the present invention:
Botanical seedling culturing---adopt plant seed to cultivate into the overall process of complete nursery stock;
Nutrition cup---the cup (bag) manufactured according to specification ratio;
Cutting---according to specification ratio, the nutrition cup (bar) saw (cutting) that Nutrition Soil is housed is become section;
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the plan structure schematic diagram of cutting bed of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the side structure schematic diagram of cutting bed of the present invention;
Embodiment
Be described principle of the present invention and feature below, example, only for explaining the present invention, is not intended to limit scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
1. nursery lot select with wholely
According to the biological property of plant, selected nursery lot in the winter upper one year of nursery, nursery lot selected that requirement has a good transport service, draining and water condition is good, soil layer at more than 1.0M, that the soil is porous is fertile.
After nursery lot is determined, first nursery lot is ploughed deeply 20.0cm comprehensively, remove foreign material, spray the liquor potassic permanganate of a time 0.1%, per hectare sprays liquid 750kg, carries out soil disinfection, rakes, for subsequent use.
2. build sunshade
The main material building sunshade is black net, concrete column and No. 8 iron wires, and build the canopy height 2.0m of sunshade, sunshade rate is 75%.
3. cutting bed layout
Get 100 pieces of Chinese fir board, the long 130.0cm of every block Chinese fir board, wide 8.0cm, thick 2.0cm, the plank of each vertical nail one piece of thick 2.0cm, long 8.0cm, wide 8.0cm at the inward at both ends 8.0cm place of every block Chinese fir board, as fence board, Chinese fir board is closely placed side by side, obtain the nutrition cup cutting bed of the long 800cm of table top, wide 110cm, fence height 8.0cm, platform pin height 10.0cm, see accompanying drawing 1,2.
4. nutrition cup cutting
Non-woven fabrics nutrition cup bar neatly, is closely put on cutting tables, each cutting bed puts two layers of non-woven fabrics nutrition cup bar, every one deck puts non-woven fabrics nutrition cup bar 20, cut off or sawed-off non-woven fabrics nutrition cup bar with the width of cutter according to each block Chinese fir board, obtain the nutrition cup of 4000 long 8.0cm, diameter 5.5cm;
Described cutter is the meniscate standing grain cutter of band sawtooth, and the long 25cm of blade, thickness 2.2cm, material is manganese steel, and handle of a knife is wooden handle, long 21cm.
5. nutrition cup is put
Is raked in ground, nursery, remove the stone grain of more than diameter 2.0cm and foreign material, be placed in the furrow face of nursery lot by smooth successively for nutrition cup, form a fitly nursery furrow face, then will put the furrow limit earthing of nutrition cup, and prevent nutrition cup from toppling over, improve water retention capacity;
6. seedling planting
After nutrition cup finishes, can plant seedlings, each nutrition cup plants seedlings 1 strain, drench sufficient normal root water after having planted furrow immediately, after 15 minutes, spray 50% carbendazim, 500 times of liquid once, per hectare sprays liquid 600kg, then encircle on furrow face with the bamboo chip of long 220cm, wide 2.8cm, sagitta 60cm, arch covers plastic sheeting for farm use heat and moisture preserving.The time of heat and moisture preserving is determined according to the upgrowth situation of each Plants, is generally 20-50 days, is then opened by plastic sheeting for farm use, manage normally according to the biological property of its plant to nursery stock.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. a botanical seedling culturing non-woven fabrics nutrition cup patterning method, is characterized in that, comprising:
1) nursery lot select with wholely
According to the biological property of plant, selected nursery lot in the winter upper one year of nursery, nursery lot selected that requirement has a good transport service, draining and water condition is good, soil layer at more than 1.0m, that the soil is porous is fertile,
After nursery lot is determined, first nursery lot is ploughed deeply 20.0cm comprehensively, remove foreign material, spray the liquor potassic permanganate of a time 0.1%, per hectare sprays liquor potassic permanganate 750kg, carries out soil disinfection, rakes, for subsequent use;
2) sunshade is built
The material building sunshade is black net, concrete column and No. 8 iron wires, and build the canopy height 2.0m of sunshade, sunshade rate is 75%;
3) cutting bed layout
Get 100 pieces of Chinese fir board, the long 130.0cm of every block Chinese fir board, wide 8.0cm, thick 2.0cm, the plank of each vertical nail one piece of thick 2.0cm, long 8.0cm, wide 8.0cm at the inward at both ends 8.0cm place of every block Chinese fir board, as fence board, Chinese fir board is closely placed side by side, obtains the nutrition cup cutting bed of the long 800cm of table top, wide 110cm, fence height 8.0cm, platform pin height 10.0cm;
4) nutrition cup cutting
Non-woven fabrics nutrition cup bar neatly, is closely put on cutting tables, each cutting bed puts two layers of non-woven fabrics nutrition cup bar, every one deck puts non-woven fabrics nutrition cup bar 20, with the width sawed-off non-woven fabrics nutrition cup bar of cutter according to each block Chinese fir board, obtain the nutrition cup of 4000 long 8.0cm, diameter 5.5cm;
Described cutter is the meniscate standing grain cutter of band sawtooth, the long 25cm of blade, thickness 2.2cm, and material is manganese steel, and handle of a knife is wooden handle, long 21cm;
5) nutrition cup is put
Is raked in ground, nursery, remove the stone grain of more than diameter 2.0cm and foreign material, be placed in the furrow face of nursery lot by smooth successively for nutrition cup, form a fitly nursery furrow face, then will put the furrow limit earthing of nutrition cup;
6) seedling planting
After nutrition cup finishes, namely plant seedlings, each nutrition cup plants seedlings 1 strain, drenches sufficient normal root water after having planted furrow immediately, after 15 minutes, spray 50% carbendazim, 500 times of liquid once, per hectare sprays liquid 600kg, then encircles on furrow face with the bamboo chip of long 220cm, wide 2.8cm, sagitta 60cm, arch covers plastic sheeting for farm use heat and moisture preserving 20-50 days, then plastic sheeting for farm use is opened, according to the biological property of its plant, nursery stock is managed normally.
CN201410445176.8A 2014-09-03 2014-09-03 A kind of botanical seedling culturing non-woven fabrics nutrition cup patterning method CN104221674B (en)

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CN101253845A (en) * 2008-02-22 2008-09-03 国家林业局桉树研究开发中心 Light ground mass industrial machine-shaping process technology
CN101715680B (en) * 2009-11-30 2011-09-07 宁波市林特科技推广中心 Method for promoting culture of cyclobalanopsis glauca (Thunb.) Oerst. seedlings
CN102084777A (en) * 2010-11-25 2011-06-08 李子辉 Seedling growing method of cotton by light-substrate mesh bag container
CN202160462U (en) * 2011-07-28 2012-03-14 安徽德昌苗木有限公司 Precision-preserving simple press of oil camellia seedling cultivating cylinder
CN202269226U (en) * 2011-09-21 2012-06-13 中国林科院亚热带林业实验中心 Mesh bag matrix cup cutting plate
CN102726217B (en) * 2012-06-06 2015-05-13 安徽德昌苗木有限公司 Container seedling raising method for camellia oleifera bud-stock grafting
CN102960172B (en) * 2012-12-10 2015-04-15 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Short-spike and root-grafting rapid propagation method for camellia azalea
CN103283450B (en) * 2013-05-24 2014-07-23 广西师范大学 Golden camellia bud seedling stock grafting propagation method
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