CN104218660A - Method for online transferring the uninterrupted DC power of communication equipment and transferring machine - Google Patents

Method for online transferring the uninterrupted DC power of communication equipment and transferring machine Download PDF

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CN104218660A
CN104218660A CN 201310210021 CN201310210021A CN104218660A CN 104218660 A CN104218660 A CN 104218660A CN 201310210021 CN201310210021 CN 201310210021 CN 201310210021 A CN201310210021 A CN 201310210021A CN 104218660 A CN104218660 A CN 104218660A
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circuit
power supply
line
negative
piercing
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CN 201310210021
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CN104218660B (en
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时晋苏
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中国电信股份有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for online transferring the uninterrupted DC power of communication equipment and a transferring machine, relating to the technical field of a DC power supply for supplying power to equipment. The online transferring machine comprises a control unit, the control unit is used for driving the transferring machine to work and connected with a power supply main loop on/off driving circuit, the power supply main loop on/off driving circuit is connected with a power supply main loop, the power supply main loop is connected with a DC/DC circuit, a detection and indication circuit and a voltage/current measurement and display circuit, the DC/DC circuit is used for supplying power to the control circuit and has a function of DC/DC voltage conversion, the voltage/current measurement and display circuit is used for measuring and displaying the voltage and the current in the power supply main loop, the detection and indication circuit is connected with the control unit, the control unit is further connected with a voice broadcast circuit, a polarity reversed alarm indication circuit and a power supply main loop breaking button circuit, and the voice broadcast circuit is used for broadcasting power supply transferring process or voice messages of alarming and reminding.

Description

通信设备直流电源不间断在线割接方法和割接器 Uninterruptible DC power line communication apparatus and a cutover method is cutover

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及设备供电直流电源技术领域,特别涉及一种通信设备直流电源不间断在线割接方法和割接器。 [0001] The present invention relates to a DC power supply Field device, in particular it relates to a communication device uninterruptible DC power supply line and a cutover method cutover device.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 通信设备直流电源不间断在线割接,一直是一项高风险的作业,稍有不慎,便会造成短路或者掉电事故。 [0002] communication equipment DC power supply uninterrupted online cutover, it has been a high-risk operation, the slightest mistake, it will cause a short circuit or power-down accident. 如图1A和图1B所示,准备将通信设备电源线,从老直流供电系统27 不间断割接到新直流供电系统32,目前对于单组电源线供电的通信设备,不断电在线电源割接,需要先在通信设备电源线上剥开一段线缆绝缘层(又称"开天窗"),然后在剥皮并接处33,通过芯线直接缠绕或使用"并沟线夹"复接的方法,并接一条并接线34,通过该并接线34,向通信设备23临时供电,接着将通信设备正电源线24和通信设备负电源线25分别于A、B两点分别切断后,接到新直流供电系统32,最后拆除并接线34。 1A and 1B, the prepared power line communications equipment, DC power supply system 27 from the old to the new cutting uninterruptible DC power supply system 32, the current supply to a single set of power line communication device, uninterruptible power supply line cutover , need to peel the power line communication device in some cable insulating layer (also known as "open a window"), then peeled and then at 33, the core wire is wound directly or by using the "groove clamp" multiplexing method, and a wiring 34 and connected, and through which the wiring 34, the temporary power to the communication device 23, then the communication device is a negative power source line 24 and the power line communication device 25 A B points are respectively cut, to a new DC power supply system 32, and finally removal of the terminal 34.

[0003] 但是以上方法存在以下几方面的缺点: [0003] However, a drawback of the above method the following aspects:

[0004] 1、需要在电缆上剥皮、"开天窗",大大增加了电源割接操作的风险。 [0004] 1, it is necessary on the cable stripping, "open a window", significantly increases the risk of power cutover operation.

[0005] 2、割接每根电源线都需要剥皮、"开天窗",操作繁琐,割接速度很慢,效率低下,不能满足大批量电源割接的需要。 [0005] 2, each power line cutover require stripping, "open a window", complicated operation, the cutover is very slow, inefficient, require large quantities of power supply can not meet the cutover.

[0006] 3、直接通过芯线缠绕或使用"并沟线夹"复接,缺少极性预检测电路,一旦接错,会造成短路、烧毁设备的严重事故。 [0006] 3, the core wire is wound directly or by using the "groove clamp" multiplexer, pre lack polarity detection circuit, once a wrong, will cause a short circuit, serious accidents burning device.

[0007] 4、对设备电源电缆的损伤程度大,给日后设备运行埋下了安全隐患。 [0007] 4, to a large extent damage to the equipment power cables, equipment to run later buried a security risk.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0008] 本发明的发明人发现上述现有技术中存在问题,并因此针对所述问题中的至少一个问题提出了一种新的技术方案。 [0008] The present inventors found that the above-described problems in the prior art, and therefore proposes a new technical solution for at least one of the problem in question.

[0009] 本发明的一个目的是提供一种用于设备直流电源不间断在线割接的技术方案。 [0009] An object of the present invention is to provide an apparatus aspect of uninterrupted DC power line cutover.

[0010] 根据本发明的第一方面,提供了一种设备直流电源不间断在线割接器,包括: [0010] According to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided an uninterruptible DC power supply line cutover apparatus, comprising:

[0011] 控制单元1; [0011] The control unit 1;

[0012] 供电主回路通断驱动电路2 ; [0012] The main circuit power supply OFF driving circuit 2;

[0013] 供电主回路3 ;其中,所述供电主回路3包括供电主回路总线进线39、供电主回路总线出线40、接触器KM、续流二极管D2,所述接触器KM的两对主触点分别串接在所述供电主回路总线进线39和所述供电主回路总线出线40上,所述续流二极管D2与所述接触器KM 的电磁线圈并联;和 [0013] The main power supply circuit 3; wherein the main power supply circuit 3 comprises a main circuit power supply bus line 39, bus line 40 the power supply of the main circuit, contactors KM, freewheeling diode D2, the contact KM two main contacts respectively connected in series to the main power supply circuit 39 into the line bus master circuit and said power supply bus line 40, the solenoid-wheeling diode D2 connected in parallel with said coil KM contactors; and

[0014] 检测与指示电路6,用于检测所述正穿刺线夹18刺穿通信设备正电源线24的绝缘层并与芯线连通,所述正穿刺线夹18刺穿通信设备负电源线25的绝缘层并与芯线连通,所述负穿刺线夹19刺穿通信设备负电源线25的绝缘层并与芯线连通,所述负穿刺线夹19刺穿通信设备正电源线24的绝缘层并与芯线连通,向所述控制单元1发送所需的电平信号; [0014] The detection and indication circuit 6 for detecting a positive communication device piercing connector 18 piercing the insulating layer and the positive power source line 24 is in communication with the core, the n-piercing connector 18 piercing negative power line communication device the insulating layer 25 and communicates with the core, said negative piercing connector 19 piercing the insulating layer communication apparatus negative power source line 25 and communicates with the core wire 19 piercing the piercing connector negative positive power line communication device 24 the insulating layer and in communication with the core wire, the signal level of the desired transmitting unit 1 to the control;

[0015] 其中,所述控制单元1分别与所述供电主回路通断驱动电路2和所述检测与指示电路6相连接,所述供电主回路3分别与所述供电主回路通断驱动电路2和所述检测与指示电路6连接; [0015] wherein the control unit 1, respectively, and the main circuit power supply on-off driving circuit 2 and the detector circuit 6 is connected to the indication, the main power supply circuit 3 respectively to the main circuit power supply on-off driving circuit 2 and indicating the detection circuit 6 is connected;

[0016] 所述控制单元1对来自所述检测与指示电路6的电平信号进行判断,当符合条件时,控制所述供电主回路通断驱动电路2驱动所述供电主回路3的所述接触器KM吸合或释放。 [0016] The control unit 1 judges the level of the signal from the detection circuit 6 indicating, when qualified, the power supply control circuit of the main drive off the driving power supply circuit of the main circuit 3 KM contactors pull or release.

[0017] 可选地,供电主回路3还包括:进线20和出线21、分流器FL1 ; [0017] Alternatively, the main power supply circuit 3 further comprising: inlet 20 and outlet line 21, shunt FLl;

[0018] 其中,所述进线20连在所述供电主回路总线进线39上,所述出线21连在所述供电主回路总线出线40上,所述分流器FL1串接在所述供电主回路总线进线39的负线上,所述供电主回路总线出线40通过所述出线21分别连接用于刺穿通信设备电源线绝缘层的所述正穿刺线夹18和所述负穿刺线夹19。 [0018] wherein the inlet line 20 attached to the main circuit of the power supply bus line 39, the supply line 21 is connected in the primary circuit on the bus line 40, the shunt connected in series to the power supply FL1 loop negative bus line into the main line 39, the main power supply circuit are connected to the bus line 4021 for the power line communication device piercing insulating layer 18 of the positive and the negative clamp piercing piercing through said outlet line clip 19.

[0019] 可选地,供电主回路通断驱动电路2包括电阻R10、三极管Q1和中间继电器KA,以及与所述中间继电器KA电磁线圈并联的续流二极管D1 ;所述电阻R10连接到所述三极管Q1的基极,所述三极管Q1的射极连接到所述中间继电器KA的电磁线圈,所述中间继电器KA的常开触点串接在所述接触器KM电磁线圈的供电线路中;所述三极管Q1用于驱动所述中间继电器KA,由所述中间继电器KA再驱动所述供电主回路3中的所述接触器KM动作。 [0019] Alternatively, the main circuit power supply on-off driving circuit 2 comprises a resistor R10, transistors Q1 and relay KA, and in parallel with the electromagnetic coil intermediate relay KA freewheeling diode Dl; the resistor R10 is connected to the the base of the transistor Q1, the emitter of the transistor Q1 is connected to the solenoid of the intermediate relay KA, KA of the relay normally open contact connected in series with the power supply line KM electromagnetic coil of the contactor; and the said transistor Q1 for driving said intermediate relay KA, KA again by the relay driving power supply of the main circuit of the contactor 3 KM operation.

[0020] 可选地,检测与指示电路6包括第一模块35、第二模块36、第三模块37、第四模块38、Rl、LED1和所述接触器KM的辅助触点,所述Rl、LED1、和所述接触器KM的辅助触点串联连接,用于检测和指示接触器KM分断和吸合的状态,所述第三模块37用于检测和指示正穿刺线夹18刺穿通信设备正电源线24绝缘层并与芯线连通的状态,所述第一模块35用于检测和指示负穿刺线夹19刺穿通信设备负电源线25绝缘层并与芯线连通的状态,所述第二模块36用于检测正穿刺线夹18刺穿通信设备负电源线25绝缘层并与芯线连通的状态, 所述第四模块38用于检测负穿刺线夹19刺穿通信设备正电源线24绝缘层并与芯线连通的状态。 [0020] Alternatively, the detection and indication circuit 6 includes a first module 35, a second module 36, third module 37, a fourth module 38, Rl, LED1 and the contactor KM auxiliary contacts, said Rl , LEDl, and an auxiliary contact of the contactor KM series connection, for detecting and indicating the state of the contactor KM breaking and pull, the third module 37 for detecting and indicating a communication timing piercing connector 18 piercing state of the device positive power line 24 is in communication with the insulating layer and the core, the first module 35 for detecting and indicating the state of the negative piercing connector 19 piercing the insulating layer communication apparatus negative power supply line 25 and communicates with the core wire, the said second module 36 for detecting a state of positive piercing connector 18 piercing the insulating layer communication apparatus negative power supply line 25 and communicates with the core wire, the fourth module 38 for detecting negative piercing connector 19 piercing the communication device is power line 24 and the insulating layer and the core communication state.

[0021] 可选地,该割接器还包括:电压电流测量显示电路5 ;所述电压电流测量显示模块5包括电流表15、和/或与供电主回路总线进线39正负线相连接的电压表22 ;所述电流表15与所述分流器FL1并联连接,用于测量所述分流器FL1上的负载电流,所述电压表22用于测量供电主回路总线进线39上的直流电压。 [0021] Alternatively, the cutover further comprising: a display circuit 5 measuring voltage and current; measuring the voltage and current meter 15 includes a display module 5, and / or power line into the main circuit bus lines 39 connected to the positive and negative voltmeter 22; the ammeter 15 connected to the splitter FL1 in parallel, for measuring the load current on the shunt FL1, the DC voltage on the voltmeter 22 measures the power supply 39 into the main circuit bus lines are used.

[0022] 可选地,供电主回路3连接有的DC/DC电路4,所述DC/DC电路4用于将所述供电主回路总线进线39上的直流电压进行转换,用于向所述控制单元1及其外围输入输出电路供电。 [0022] Alternatively, the main power supply circuit 3 connected to some DC / DC circuit 4, the DC / DC circuit 4 for the DC voltage on the primary power supply circuit 39 is converted into the line bus, for To the said control unit 1 and the peripheral input and output circuits.

[0023] 可选地,该割接器还包括:与所述控制单元1相连的语音播报电路7、极性接反告警指示电路8、和供电主回路分断按钮电路9。 [0023] Alternatively, the cutover further comprising: a voice unit connected to the control circuit 7 of the broadcast polarity reversal alarm indication circuit 8, and the power supply circuit of the main circuit breaking button 9.

[0024] 可选地,语音播报电路7包括语音录、放芯片; [0024] Alternatively, the circuit 7 comprises a voice broadcast voice record and playback chip;

[0025] 所述语音录、放芯片设有一个通信接口与所述控制单元1进行通信,控制语音录、 放芯片播放语音,该通信接口包含四条信号线,分别为SS、SCLK、M0SI和MIS0,其中§§为片选信号线,SCLK为时钟信号线,M0SI为所述控制单元1向所述语音录、放芯片发送数据的信号线,MIS0为所述语音录、放芯片向控制单元1发送数据的信号线。 [0025] The voice record and playback with a chip interface and the communication control unit 1 communicates control voice recording, the voice playback amplifier chip, the communication interface includes four signal lines, respectively, SS, SCLK, M0SI and MIS0 wherein §§ is the chip select signal line, SCLK is a clock signal line, M0SI to the control unit 1 to record the voice, data transmission signal line chip discharge, MIS0 of the voice recording, the control unit to put the chip 1 a signal line for transmitting data.

[0026] 可选地,供电主回路分断按钮电路9包括串联连接的R12和分断按钮SB。 [0026] Alternatively, the power supply circuit of the main circuit breaking button 9 includes a series connection of R12 and breaking button SB.

[0027] 可选地,极性接反告警指示电路8包括串联连接的发光二极管LED4和限流电阻Rll。 [0027] Alternatively, reverse polarity alarm indication circuit 8 includes a light emitting diode LED4 and current limiting resistor Rll are connected in series.

[0028] 根据本发明的另一方面,提供一种使用割接器进行通信设备直流电源不间断在线割接方法,包括: [0028] According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a communication device using the cutover is uninterrupted DC power supply line cutover method, comprising:

[0029] 将所述割接器的供电主回路总线进线39通过两根进线20的进线正端17连接到直流供电系统上的正排28上,通过进线20的进线负端16连接到直流供电系统的一路输出熔断器31上,将与出线21相连的所述正穿刺线夹18夹到通信设备正电源线24上,将与出线21相连的负穿刺线夹19夹到通信设备负电源线25上; [0029] The main circuit power supply line of the bus into the filter 39 through the cutover into the line into two lines 20 17 is connected to the positive terminal of the n rows 28 on the DC power supply system, through the intake line 20 into the line of the negative terminal 16 is connected to one output of the DC power supply system on the fuse 31, with the positive line 21 connected to the piercing clamp 18 clamped to the positive power line communication device 24, with the negative line 21 connected to the piercing clamp 19 to clamp communication device 25 on the negative power source line;

[0030] 通过所述检测与指示电路6检测所述正穿刺线夹18刺穿所述通信设备正电源线24的绝缘层并与芯线连通的情况,检测所述负穿刺线夹19刺穿所述通信设备负电源线25 的绝缘层并与芯线连通的情况; [0030] and the indication by the detection circuit 6 detects the positive piercing connector where the communication device 18 piercing the insulating layer and the positive power source line 24 is in communication with the core wire, the detection of the negative piercing connector 19 piercing the communication apparatus negative power source line insulating layer 25 where the core wire and communication;

[0031] 所述控制单元1若检测到上述两个连通情况同时存在,并且曾存在非同一时刻连通的情况,便向所述供电主回路通断驱动电路2发送接触器吸合指令,控制所述供电主回路3中的接触器KM闭合,使得所述供电主回路3内的供电主回路总线进线39和供电主回路总线出线40之间连通,所述割接器向所述通信设备23供电; [0031] When the control unit 1 detects the presence of the two communication simultaneously, and the same time non-communication existed, inform the main circuit of the power supply circuit 2 transmits driving off contactor close command, the control said main power supply circuit 3, KM contactor is closed, so that the main circuit power supply into the main loop line in the bus line 339 between the communication bus 40 and the main circuit power supply, the cutover to the communication device 23 powered by;

[0032] 所述控制单元1通过检测与指示电路6进行接触器吸合动作的检测,如果检测到接触器KM出现吸合动作,所述控制单元1控制语音播报电路7进行语音播报。 [0032] The control unit 1 detects the operation of the contactor closed by the indication detecting circuit 6, if the detected contact KM pull operation occurs, the control unit 1 controls the voice multicast broadcast voice circuit 7.

[0033] 对所述通信设备电源线实施不间断在线割接,将所述通信设备正电源线24从老直流供电系统27割接至新直流供电系统32的正排28上,将所述通信设备负电源线25从老直流供电系统27割接至新直流供电系统32的一路熔断器31上。 [0033] The embodiment of the cutover online uninterruptible power line communication device, the communication device is power source line 24 old DC power supply system 27 cutover to the new row from the positive DC power supply system 32, 28, the communication device 25 on the negative power source line 27 from the DC power supply system old cutover to the new way of DC power supply system 32 of the fuse 31.

[0034] 可选地,该方法还包括: [0034] Optionally, the method further comprising:

[0035] 如果所述正穿刺线夹18或所述负穿刺线夹19与通信设备正电源线24或通信设备负电源线25之间存在极性接反情况,所述控制单元1驱动所述语音播报电路7发出语音警报,且同时驱动极性接反告警指示电路8中的发光二极管LED4闪烁并延时,直至极性接反情况消除; [0035] If the positive or the negative piercing connector 18 piercing connector 19 where the presence of polarity reversal, the power supply line 25 between the positive power line and a communication device or communication device 24 negative, the control unit 1 drives the voice broadcast alarm tone circuit 7, and at the same drive polarity reverse alarm indicator light emitting diode LED4 is flashing and the delay circuit 8, until the reverse polarity condition is removed;

[0036] 和/ 或 [0036] and / or

[0037] 如果所述正穿刺线夹18连接到通信设备正电源线24时,LED3亮,所述负穿刺线夹19连接到通信设备负电源线25时,LED2亮,出现上述两种动作,所述控制单元1均会控制所述语音播报电路7进行语音播报; [0037] If the n-piercing connector 18 is connected to the positive power line communication apparatus 24, LED3 light, the negative piercing connector 19 is connected to the negative power line communication apparatus 25, LED2 light, the above two actions, the control unit 1 will control the voice announcement voice announcement circuit 7;

[0038] 和/ 或 [0038] and / or

[0039] 如果所述控制单元1检测到释放按钮SB动作,所述控制单元1通过供电主回路通断驱动电路2控制接触器KM释放,断开供电主回路3内的供电主回路总线进线39与供电主回路总线出线40之间的连接,所述控制单元1通过检测与指示电路6再进行接触器有释放动作的检测; [0039] If the control unit detects an operation of the release button SB, the controller 2 controls the release contactor KM off via the power supply circuit driving the main circuit unit 1, the main circuit power supply is disconnected the main circuit in the bus line 3 into main circuit power supply 39 is connected between the bus line 40, the control unit 1 by detecting the operation of the release detecting circuit 6 further indicating contacts;

[0040] 和/ 或 [0040] and / or

[0041] 如果所述控制单元1通过检测与指示电路6检测到接触器KM出现释放动作,所述控制单元1控制语音播报电路7进行语音播报。 [0041] If the control unit 1 by detecting the release action occurs indicating circuit 6 detects contactor KM, the control unit 1 controls the voice multicast broadcast voice circuit 7.

[0042] 和/ 或 [0042] and / or

[0043] 从通信设备正电源线24上,松开并取下正穿刺线夹18,从通信设备负电源线25 上,松开并取下负穿刺线夹19,准备对下一个通信设备的电源线进行割接。 [0043] The communication device from the positive power source line 24, loosen and remove the n-piercing connector 18, the negative power source line 25 from the communication device, to loosen and remove the negative piercing clamp 19, ready for the next communication device power line cutover.

[0044] 本发明的一个优点在于,设备直流电源不间断在线割接智能、安全、操作简单快捷,同时对通信设备电源线的损伤又能降到最低。 [0044] An advantage of the present invention is that the DC power supply apparatus cutover uninterrupted online intelligent, safe, simple and quick operation, and damage to the power line communication device can be minimized.

[0045] 通过以下参照附图对本发明的示例性实施例的详细描述,本发明的其它特征及其优点将会变得清楚。 [0045] The following detailed description with reference to the accompanying drawings of exemplary embodiments of the present invention, other features and advantages of the invention will become apparent.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0046] 构成说明书的一部分的附图描述了本发明的实施例,并且连同说明书一起用于解释本发明的原理。 [0046] The accompanying drawings constitute a part of the specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention, and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention.

[0047] 参照附图,根据下面的详细描述,可以更加清楚地理解本发明,其中: [0047] Referring to the drawings, the following detailed description, will be more clearly understood from the present invention, wherein:

[0048] 图1A和图1B示出现有从老直流供电系统不间断割接到新直流供电系统的结构示意图; [0048] FIG. 1A with a DC power supply from the old system to the new cutting uninterruptible DC power supply system and a schematic structural diagram illustrating FIG. 1B;

[0049] 图2示出根据本发明的割接器的一个实施例的结构示意图。 [0049] FIG. 2 shows a schematic structure of one embodiment according to the present embodiment of the invention cutover.

[0050] 图3示出根据本发明的割接器的另一个实施例的结构示意图。 [0050] Figure 3 shows a structural diagram according to another embodiment of the present invention cutover.

[0051] 图4示出穿刺线夹的一个例子的结构示意图; [0051] FIG. 4 shows a schematic configuration example of a piercing connectors;

[0052] 图5示出根据本发明的割接器一个实施例的电路图; [0052] FIG. 5 shows a circuit diagram according to the present invention, the cutover to one embodiment;

[0053] 图6示出根据本发明使用割接器进行通信设备直流电源不间断在线割接方法的一个实施例的流程图; [0053] FIG. 6 shows a flowchart of one embodiment of an uninterruptible line cutover method according to the present invention is a communication device cutover DC power supply;

[0054] 图7示出根据本发明割接器的一个例子的编程流程图; [0054] Figure 7 shows a flowchart of a program example of the cutover of the present invention;

[0055] 图8A和图8B为采用根据本发明的割接器进行电源割接的示意图; [0055] FIGS. 8A and 8B a schematic diagram for power supply for use in accordance with the cutover cutover to the present invention;

[0056] 附图标号: [0056] reference numerals:

[0057] 1-控制单元、单片机、2-供电主回路通断驱动电路、3-供电主回路、4-DC/DC电路、 5_电压电流测量显示电路、6-检测与指示电路、7-语音播报电路、8-极性接反告警指示电路、9-供电主回路分断按钮电路; [0057] 1- control unit, MCU, 2 off the main circuit power supply driving circuit, the main circuit power supply 3-, 4-DC / DC circuit, display circuit 5_ measuring voltage and current, detection and indication circuit 6-, 7- voice broadcast circuit, an alarm indication 8- polarity reversal circuit, the main circuit breaking 9- power button circuit;

[0058] 10-上盖、11-下盖、12-螺检、13-上接触刀片、14-下接触刀片; [0058] 10- upper cover, lower cover 11-, 12- spiro inspection, the contact blades 13-, 14- lower contact blade;

[0059] 15-电流表、16-进线负端、17-进线正端、18-正穿刺线夹、19-负穿刺线夹、20-进线、21-出线、22-电压表; [0059] The ammeter 15, 16 into the line negative terminal, a positive terminal into the line 17-, 18-n-piercing connector, 19- negative piercing connector, into line 20, line 21, 22- voltmeter;

[0060] 23-通信设备、24-通信设备正电源线、25-通信设备负电源线、26-割接器主电路、 27-老直流供电系统、28-正排、29-负排、30-工作地接地排、31-熔断器、32-新直流供电系统、33-剥皮并接处、34-并接线; [0060] 23- communication device, a power line communication device is 24-, 25- negative power line communication device, the main circuit cutover 26-, 27- old DC power supply system, 28-n-row, 29- negative row, 30 - working grounded row, fuse 31-, 32- new DC power supply system, and then peeling at 33-, 34- and wiring;

[0061] 35-第一模块、36-第二模块、37-第三模块、38-第四模块; [0061] 35 of the first module, a second module 36-, 37- third module, a fourth module 38-;

[0062] 39-供电主回路总线进线、40-供电主回路总线出线。 [0062] 39- main circuit power supply bus lines, the main circuit power supply bus line 40.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0063] 现在将参照附图来详细描述本发明的各种示例性实施例。 [0063] Various exemplary embodiments will now embodiment of the present invention are described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. 应注意到:除非另外具体说明,否则在这些实施例中阐述的部件和步骤的相对布置、数字表达式和数值不限制本发明的范围。 It should be noted: Unless specifically stated otherwise, the relative arrangement of the components and steps otherwise set forth in these embodiments, the numerical expressions and numerical values ​​are not limiting the scope of the present invention.

[0064] 同时,应当明白,为了便于描述,附图中所示出的各个部分的尺寸并不是按照实际的比例关系绘制的。 [0064] Also, it should be understood that, for convenience of description, the size of various parts shown are not drawn according to the ratio between the actual drawing.

[0065] 以下对至少一个示例性实施例的描述实际上仅仅是说明性的,决不作为对本发明及其应用或使用的任何限制。 [0065] The following description of at least one exemplary embodiment is merely illustrative, and not as any limitation on the present invention and its application, or uses.

[0066] 对于相关领域普通技术人员已知的技术、方法和设备可能不作详细讨论,但在适当情况下,所述技术、方法和设备应当被视为授权说明书的一部分。 [0066] ordinary skill in the relevant art known to the art, methods and devices may not be discussed in detail, but in appropriate cases, the techniques, methods and apparatus should be considered as part of the specification.

[0067] 在这里示出和讨论的所有示例中,任何具体值应被解释为仅仅是示例性的,而不是作为限制。 [0067] In all of the examples herein illustrated and discussed herein any specific values ​​should be construed as merely illustrative, and not by way of limitation. 因此,示例性实施例的其它示例可以具有不同的值。 Thus, other exemplary embodiments of the exemplary embodiments may have different values.

[0068] 应注意到:相似的标号和字母在下面的附图中表示类似项,因此,一旦某一项在一个附图中被定义,则在随后的附图中不需要对其进行进一步讨论。 [0068] It should be noted: like reference numerals and letters refer to similar items in the following figures, and thus once an item is defined in one figure, then the following figures need not be further discussed .

[0069] 图2示出根据本发明的割接器的一个实施例的结构示意图。 [0069] FIG. 2 shows a schematic structure of one embodiment according to the present embodiment of the invention cutover. 如图2所示,该割接器包括:控制单元1、供电主回路通断驱动电路2、供电主回路3和检测与指示电路6 ;其中, 控制单元1分别与供电主回路通断驱动电路2和检测与指示电路6相连接,供电主回路3 分别与供电主回路通断驱动电路2和检测与指示电路6连接。 2, the cutover comprising: a control unit 1, the main circuit power supply on-off driving circuit 2, a main power supply circuit 3 and a detection and indication circuit 6; wherein the control unit 1, respectively, and the main circuit power supply on-off driving circuit 2 and indicating the detection circuit 6 is connected to the main power supply circuit 3, respectively off the main circuit 2 and the driving circuit 6 is connected to the detection and indication circuit. 供电主回路3包括供电主回路总线进线39、供电主回路总线出线40、接触器KM、续流二极管D2,接触器KM的两对主触点分别串接在供电主回路总线进线39和供电主回路总线出线40上,续流二极管D2与接触器KM的电磁线圈并联;检测与指示电路6,用于检测正穿刺线夹18刺穿通信设备正电源线24的绝缘层并与芯线连通,正穿刺线夹18刺穿通信设备负电源线25的绝缘层并与芯线连通,负穿刺线夹19刺穿通信设备负电源线25的绝缘层并与芯线连通,负穿刺线夹19刺穿通信设备正电源线24的绝缘层并与芯线连通,向控制单元1相应通道分别发送电平信号; 控制单元1对来自检测与指示电路6的电平信号,进行判断,当符合条件时,控制供电主回路通断驱动电路2驱动供电主回路3的接触器KM吸合或释放。 The main power supply circuit 3 comprises a main circuit power supply bus line 39, bus line 40 the power supply of the main circuit, contactors KM, freewheeling diode D2, the contactor KM two contacts are connected in parallel to the main supply line 39 into the main circuit and the bus main circuit power supply on the bus line 40, a freewheeling diode D2 connected in parallel with the solenoid contactor KM; detecting and indicating circuit 6 for detecting a positive piercing connector 18 piercing the insulating layer communication device is power source line 24 and the core wire communication, n-piercing connector 18 piercing the insulating layer communication device a negative power source line 25 and communicates with the core wire, the negative piercing connector 19 piercing the insulating layer communication apparatus negative power source line 25 and communicates with the core, negative piercing connector communication device 19 piercing the insulating layer and the positive power source line 24 is in communication with the core, the transmission level signal to the respective passage control unit 1, respectively; and a control unit 1 from the level signal indicative of the detection circuit 6, the determination, when compliance when the condition of the main power supply control circuit 2 drive off driving power supply circuit 3 of the main circuit contactor KM pull or release. 控制单元1可以通过多种方式实现,如单片机、单独的逻辑控制电路或者设备等。 The control unit 1 may be accomplished in various ways, such as a microcontroller, logic control circuits or separate devices.

[0070] 图3、图4和图5示出了本发明一种通信设备直流电源不间断智能在线割接器的具体实施方式。 [0070] FIG. 3, FIG. 4 and FIG. 5 shows a communication device intelligent uninterruptible DC power supply line cutover DETAILED an embodiment of the present invention. 如图所示,在线割接器包括用于驱动割接器工作的单片机1,单片机1连接有供电主回路通断驱动电路2,供电主回路通断驱动电路2连接有供电主回路3,供电主回路3连接有用于给控制电路供电的直流/直流电压转换的DC/DC电路4、检测与指示电路6、 用于测量和显示供电主回路3中的电压和电流的电压电流测量显示电路5,检测与指示电路6与单片机1相连接。 , The line includes a microcontroller for driving the cutover cutover of working, the microcontroller 1 is connected to the main circuit power supply OFF driving circuit 2, the main circuit power supply on-off driving circuit 2 is connected to a main power supply circuit in FIG. 3, the power supply main circuit 3 is connected to the control circuit for the DC power / DC voltage conversion of DC / DC circuit 4, and indication detecting circuit 6 for measuring the voltage and current measurements show the main power supply circuit 3 of the voltage and current of the display circuit 5 detecting and indicating circuit 6 1 is connected with the microcontroller. 单片机1还连接有用于播报电源割接进程或警告、提醒的语音信息的语音播报电路7、极性接反告警指示电路8和供电主回路分断按钮电路9。 1 is also connected to the microcontroller power cutover process for multicast or warnings, voice broadcast voice information to remind the circuit 7, the alarm indicating reverse polarity power supply circuit 8 and the main circuit breaking circuit 9 button. 语音播报电路7包含语音录、放芯片。 Voice broadcast circuit 7 includes voice record and playback chip. 通过编程,将单片机1的4个I/O通道虚拟成SPI (串行外围接口)通信接口,与语音录、放芯片的一个通信接口进行通信,控制语音录、放芯片播放预先录制的语音,该接口包含四条信号线,其中SS为片选信号线,SCLK为时钟信号线,M0SI为单片机1向语音录、放芯片发送数据的信号线,MIS0为语音录、放芯片向单片机发送数据的信号线。 By programming, the microcontroller 4 I / O channels to a virtual SPI (Serial Peripheral Interface) communication interface to communicate with a voice recording, a communications interface chip discharge control voice record and playback play pre-recorded voice chip, this interface contains four signal lines, wherein SS is a chip select signal line, SCLK is a clock signal line, M0SI the microcontroller 1 to a voice recording, a signal line chip sends data discharge, MIS0 voice recording, a signal amplifier chip to the microcontroller for transmitting data line. 供电主回路3包括供电主回路总线进线39、供电主回路总线出线40、接触器KM、续流二极管D2、分流器FL1、用于刺穿通信设备电源线绝缘层的穿刺线夹、进线20和出线21,接触器KM为带有辅助触点的直流接触器,"割接器"可采用如图4所示的穿刺线夹或采用其他形式的穿刺线夹。 The main power supply circuit 3 comprises a main circuit power supply bus line 39, bus line 40 the power supply of the main circuit, contactors KM, freewheeling diode D2, the shunt FLl, piercing connector for power line communication device piercing the insulating layer, into the line 20 and outlet 21, DC contactor KM contactors with auxiliary contacts, "cutover" on clamp can be used as shown in FIG. 4 or puncture other forms of piercing connectors.

[0071] 图4中所示的穿刺线夹包括上盖10、下盖11,上盖10和下盖11之间通过螺栓12 相连接,上盖10中设有一组两个前后放置的金属上接触刀片13,下盖11中设有一组两个前后放置的金属下接触刀片14,每个上接触刀片13分别对应一个下接触刀片14,正穿刺线夹18包含两对相对放置的上接触刀片13和下接触刀片14,负穿刺线夹19包含另外两对相对放置的上接触刀片13和下接触刀片14,正穿刺线夹18用于刺穿通信设备正电源线24的绝缘层,与芯线连通,负穿刺线夹19用于刺穿通信设备负电源线25的绝缘层,与芯线连通,这样穿刺线夹分为正穿刺线夹和负穿刺线夹,在割接通信设备正电源线24时,将通信设备正电源线24和割接器出线21的正线同时放置在正穿刺线夹18的上接触刀片13和下接触刀片14之间,旋紧螺栓12,螺栓推动上盖10和下盖11相向移动,上接触刀片13和下接触刀片14也随 [0071] FIG piercing connectors shown in Figure 4 comprises an upper cover 10, lower cover 11, upper cover 10 and lower cover 12 are connected by the bolts 11, between the upper cover 10 is provided with a set of two is placed on the front and rear metal contact blades 13, the lower cover 11 is provided with contact blades placed under a set of two front and rear metal 14, each of the contact blades 13 respectively correspond to a lower contact blade 14, n-piercing connector 18 comprises two pairs of oppositely disposed upper contact blades the contact blades 13 and 14, further comprising a negative piercing connector 19 placed on the two opposing pairs of contact blades 13 and the lower contact blade 14, the insulating layer 18 n-piercing connector for piercing the positive power line communication apparatus 24, the core communication lines, negative for piercing connector 19 piercing the insulating layer communication device a negative power source line 25, and communicates with the core, so that piercing clamp divided into positive and negative piercing connector piercing connector, the communication device is power cutover when the line 24, the communication device is power source line 24 and the cutover is a positive line 21 while the outlet is placed between the positive clamp on the piercing contact blades 13 and 18 of the contact blades 14, tightening the screw 12, the bolt urging cover 10 and moves toward the lower cover 11, the contact blades 13 and the blade 14 are also in contact with 之相向移动,最终两对金属刀片刺破两根导线的绝缘层,并与芯线接触连通,通过金属刀片从而实现割接器出线21的正线与通信设备正电源线24芯线之间的连通,同理, 利用负穿刺线夹19,可以实现割接器出线21的负线与通信设备负电源线25芯线之间的连通,通过使用"穿刺线夹",实现割接器出线与通信设备电源线的临时并接、连通,省去了"开天窗"这种既危险又费时的操作,使割接操作变得安全、快速、容易和方便,对电缆的损伤也能降到最低限度,且下接触刀片14可通过焊接与割接器出线21相连接,更便于电源割接操作,进一步提高割接速度。 The movement toward the final two pairs of insulation piercing blades two metal wires, and in contact with the core wire communication, thereby realizing an outlet cutover between a positive line 21 and the communication device of the positive power line 24 of the core wire by a metal blade communication, Similarly, the use of negative piercing connector 19, an outgoing communication may be implemented between the cutover negative line 21 and communication device 25 of the negative power source line wire, line by using the "piercing clamp", implemented with the cutover power line communications equipment and temporary access, connectivity, eliminating the need for "open a window" this dangerous and time-consuming operation, so the cutover operation becomes safe, fast, easy and convenient, but also damage to the cable can be reduced to a minimum , the contact blades 14 and 21 may be connected by welding line cutover, and more power to facilitate cutover operation, to further improve the speed of cutover. 供电主回路3中的接触器KM的两对主触点串接在供电主回路总线进线39和供电主回路总线出线40之间,进线20连在供电主回路总线进线39上,出线21 连在供电主回路总线出线40上,分流器FL1串接在供电主回路总线进线39的负线之中,续流二极管D2型号例如为1N5402,用于泄放接触器KM失电时的电流,防止产生过电压。 Main circuit power supply contactor KM 3 two main contacts in series with the main circuit in the power supply and the power supply bus line 39 between main circuit bus line 40, the line 20 attached to the main circuit power supply bus line 39, line when the power supply 21 is connected in the main circuit on the bus line 40, in series with the shunt FL1 circuit powered main negative bus line into the line 39, a freewheeling diode D2, for example, model 1N5402, are used to relieve energized contactor KM current, to prevent overvoltage.

[0072] 图5示出根据本发明的割接器一个实施例的电路图,图5中单片机1是控制单元的一个实例。 [0072] FIG. 5 shows a circuit diagram of one embodiment of the present invention cutover, the microcontroller 5 is an example of a control unit. 如图5所示: Figure 5:

[0073] 供电主回路通断驱动电路2包括电阻R10、三极管Q1、中间继电器KA和续流二极管D1,三极管Q1可以是PNP型三极管,型号例如为8550,用于驱动中间继电器KA,中间继电器KA再驱动供电主回路3中的接触器KM动作,续流二极管D1型号例如为1N4002,用于泄放中间继电器KA失电时的电流,防止产生过电压,R10为偏置电阻,可以选用4.7K/0.25W 的金属膜电阻。 [0073] The main circuit power supply OFF driving circuit 2 comprises a resistor R10, transistor Q1, and the intermediate relay KA freewheeling diode D1, the transistor Q1 may be a PNP type transistor, for example, model 8550, for driving the intermediate relay KA, KA relay and then drive the main circuit power supply operation of the contactor KM 3, freewheeling diode D1 1N4002 type, for example, when the current relay KA energized for bleeding, prevent excessive voltage, a bias resistor R10, may be selected 4.7K /0.25W metal film resistors.

[0074] 电压电流测量显示电路5包括电流表15、与供电主回路总线进线39正负线相连接的电压表22,电流表15与分流器FL1并联连接,电流表15的工作电源来自供电主回路总线进线39上的48V电压,用于测量流经供电主回路总线进线39上的负载电流,电压表22用于测量供电主回路总线进线39上的直流电压。 [0074] The voltage and current measuring meter 15 includes a display circuit 5, the main circuit power supply line 39 into the negative bus line 22 is connected to a voltmeter, an ammeter 15 connected in shunt FL1 parallel meter operating power from the power supply 15 of the main circuit bus line voltage 48V 39, 39 for measuring a load current flowing through the main circuit power supply bus line, a voltmeter 22 for measuring the DC voltage on the power supply of the main circuit 39 into the line bus.

[0075] DC/DC电路4用于将供电主回路总线进线39上的48V直流电压转换成5V和3. 3V 的电压,用于向单片机1及其外围输入输出电路供电。 [0075] DC / DC circuit 4 for converting voltage of 48V DC power supply 39 on the main circuit voltage supply bus lines and 3. 3V to 5V for a peripheral input and output circuits to the microcontroller.

[0076] 供电主回路分断按钮回路9包括串联连接的R12和分断按钮SB。 [0076] The main circuit power supply circuit 9 comprises a button breaking R12 connected in series and breaking button SB.

[0077] 极性接反告警指示电路8包括串联连接的发光二极管LED4和限流电阻R11。 [0077] The reverse polarity alarm indication circuit 8 includes a light emitting diode LED4 and current limiting resistor R11 are connected in series.

[0078] 检测与指示电路6包括第一模块35、第二模块36、第三模块37、第四模块38、R1、 LED1和接触器KM的辅助触点,Rl、LED1、接触器KM的辅助触点之间串联连接,用于检测和指示接触器KM分断和吸合的状态。 [0078] The detection and indication circuit 6 includes a first module 35, a second auxiliary module 36, third module 37, a fourth module 38, auxiliary contacts R1, LED1 and KM contactors, Rl, LED1, KM contactors connected in series between the contacts, for detecting and indicating the state of the contactor KM of breaking and pull. 第一模块35、第二模块36、第三模块37和第四模块38 由光耦、二极管、电阻等元件组成,第三模块37用于检测和指示正穿刺线夹18刺穿通信设备正电源线24的绝缘层并与芯线连通的状态,第一模块35用于检测和指示负穿刺线夹19 刺穿通信设备负电源线25的绝缘层并与芯线连通的状态,第二模块36用于检测正穿刺线夹18刺穿通信设备负电源线25的绝缘层并与芯线连通的状态,第四模块38用于检测负穿刺线夹19刺穿通信设备正电源线24的绝缘层并与芯线连通的状态。 A first module 35, a second module 36, third module 37 and the fourth module 38 by a coupler, diodes, resistors and other elements, a third module 37 for detecting and indicating a positive piercing connector 18 piercing the positive supply communication device the insulating layer and the state of the line 24 in communication with the core wire, a first module, a second module 3635 for detecting and indicating the state of the communication device piercing the negative power source line insulating layer 25 and is in communication with the core wire 19 of the negative puncture Clamps n-piercing connector for detecting a state of the communication device 18 piercing the insulating layer the negative power source line 25 and communicates with the core wire, a fourth insulating layer module 38 for detecting negative piercing connector 19 piercing positive power line communication device 24 and the core wire communication state.

[0079] R1、R11为限流电阻,可以选用470/0. 25W的金属膜电阻,R2、R3、R4、R5、R12为上拉电阻,选用10K/0. 25W的金属膜电阻,R6、R7、R8、R9、R13、R14、R15、R16为分压和驱动电阻,选用5K/1W的电阻,SB为控制供电主回路3分断的释放按钮,LED1、LED2、LED3、LED4 为发光二极管,0C1、0C2、0C3、0C4为光耦,选用TLP521-4光耦芯片,"割接器"的电流承载能力,主要由供电主回路的进线20、分流器FL1、接触器KM、出线21和穿刺线夹的规格所决定。 [0079] R1, R11 is a current limiting resistor, can use metal film resistors 470/0. 25W of, R2, R3, R4, R5, R12 is a pull-up resistor, the choice of 10K / 0. 25W of metal film resistors, R6, R7, R8, R9, R13, R14, R15, R16 is the partial pressure and the drive resistor, selected resistor 5K / 1W is, SB to control the supply of the main circuit 3 breaking release button, LED1, LED2, LED3, LED4 are light emitting diodes, 0C1,0C2,0C3,0C4 optocoupler, selected TLP521-4 optocoupler chip, "cutover" on current-carrying capacity, mainly by the main circuit of the power supply into the line 20, shunt FLl, contactor KM, line 21, and piercing connector specifications are determined. 在本发明专利中,"割接器"的电流承载能力设计为100A,其进线20和出线21的线径为35mm 2,分流器规格为100A/75mV,穿刺线夹规格为16-95mm2,"割接器"的电压表和电流表选用31/2的数字式表头,对直流电压的测量精度能达到0. IV,对直流电流的测量精度能达至丨J 1A,接触器KM规格为48VDC/100A,是一种带有两对主触点和一对辅触点的直流接触器, D3、D4、D5、D6 为反向保护二极管,型号为1N4002,用来防止LED2、LED3、OC1、OC2、OC3、0C4 被反向电压击穿损坏,IC1为单片机1,选用DIP40封装的高速、低功耗的8位STC89C54RD+ 单片机,其工作电压为5V,内部具有专门的16K - EEPROM,"割接器"的运行程序便"烧录" 在其中,单片机与"割接器"外围电路连接的12个I/O通道,可以从单片机的32个I/O通道中任意选择,只要编程时所定义的与硬件实际使用的相对应即可。 In the present invention patent, "cutover" on current-carrying capacity is designed IOOA, which is into the line 20 and the outlet 21 diameter is 35mm 2, specifications for the shunts 100A / 75mV, piercing connector specifications 16-95mm2, "cutover" on the voltmeter and ammeter 31/2 selected digital meter, the measurement accuracy of the DC voltage can reach 0. IV, the measurement accuracy of the DC current can be up to Shu J 1A, specifications for the contactor KM 48VDC / 100A, a DC contactor having two pairs of main contacts and a pair of auxiliary contacts, D3, D4, D5, D6 reverse protection diode, model 1N4002, to prevent LED2, LED3, OC1 , OC2, OC3,0C4 reverse voltage breakdown damage, IC1 is a microcontroller 1, use DIP40 packaging speed, low power STC89C54RD + 8-bit microcontroller, the operating voltage of 5V, with a special internal 16K - EEPROM, "cut connector "run the program will" burn "in which the microcontroller and the" cutover "on the peripheral circuit 12 connected to I / O channels, can be arbitrarily selected from the microcontroller 32 of I / O channels, as long as the programming It corresponds to the definition of the hardware actually used. IC2为语音播报电路7内的语音录、放芯片,型号为ISD4004-8,其工作电压为3. 3V,录放时间都为8分钟。 IC2 voice recording in the voice broadcast circuit 7, amplifier chip, model ISD4004-8, the operating voltage of 3. 3V, recording time was 8 minutes. "割接器"不同的语音信息,都存放于该芯片的闪烁存贮器的不同地址之中,并且能断电长期保存。 Different "cutover" on voice messages are stored in a different address in the flashing memory chip, and can be stored for a long power failure. 在本发明专利中,图6中的语音1-语音7存放在芯片闪烁存贮器中的起始地址分别为0000H、0100H、0200H、0300H、0400H、0500H、0600H。 In the present invention patent, voice 1- speech in FIG 67 is stored in the memory chip scintillation start address are 0000H, 0100H, 0200H, 0300H, 0400H, 0500H, 0600H.

[0080] DC/DC电路4将取自供电主回路总线进线39上的48V直流电压转换成5V和3. 3V 的电压,用以向"割接器"的单片机1及其外围输入输出电路供电,在该发明中,DC/DC电路4的直流输入电压额定工作范围为36V-72V,5V和3. 3V的额定输出电流都为2A,继电器KA 的规格为5VDC/10A。 [0080] DC / DC circuit 4 from the 48V DC voltage power supply 39 into the main circuit bus lines and into 5V voltage of 3. 3V to the "cutover" on a microcontroller and peripheral input and output circuits power supply, in this invention, current DC / DC circuit 4 rated input voltage operating range of 36V-72V, 5V, and the rated output current of 3. 3V are. 2A, relay KA specifications 5VDC / 10A. 电源割接操作时,进线正端17接到直流供电系统的正排28,进线负端16接到直流供电系统的负排29的一路-48V输出熔断器31上,此时DC/DC电路4输出工作电源,"割接器"开始正常工作。 Cutover operation of the power supply, into the line 17 to the positive terminal of the DC power supply systems is row 28, into the line connected to the negative terminal of DC power supply 16 a negative way -48V exhaust system 29 on the output of the fuse 31, when DC / DC the power supply circuit 4 outputs "cutover" on start normal operation.

[0081] 当正穿刺线夹18和负穿刺线夹19都悬空时,供电主回路总线进线39上的系统直流电压分别被电阻R6和R7、R8和R9、R13和R14、R15和R16分压,假设系统直流电压的数值为u,那么i、j、k、l点处的电压均为0. 5u,48V通信电源直流供电系统的浮充电压一般在54V左右,所以i、j、k、l点处的电压均为27V左右,因此当正穿刺线夹18和负穿刺线夹19 都悬空时,第一模块35、第二模块36、第三模块37和第四模块38中的二极管、发光二极管、 光耦均不会导通,因此b、c、d、e点都为高电平。 [0081] When the positive and negative piercing connector 18 piercing connector 19 are vacant, the DC voltage system power supply 39 into the main circuit bus lines are resistors R6 and R7, R8 and R9, R13 and R14, R15 and R16 points pressure, DC voltage value is assumed that the system u, then i, j, k, l the voltage at the point are 0. 5u, float voltage 48V DC power supply system communication is generally about 54V, so that i, j, k , the voltage at point l are about 27V, so when the positive and negative piercing connector 18 piercing connector 19 are vacant, a first module 35, a second diode 38 in module 36, third module 37 and a fourth module , light emitting diodes, the optocoupler will not turned on, b, c, d, e points are high.

[0082] 当操作人员将正穿刺线夹18刺穿通信设备正电源线24的绝缘层,并与芯线连通时,正穿刺线夹18便带上了正电压,其电位与进线正端17上的相同,大大高于j点和k点的电位,使得第二模块36中的D4、0C2反向截止,c点输出高电平,而第三模块37内部的LED3、0C3、D5正向导通,此时的导通电流约为10mA左右,LED3发光,d点输出低电平,如果正穿刺线夹18与通信设备正电源线24脱离,第三模块37上的正向电压随之消失,LED3熄灭,0C3、D5截止,d点又输出高电平。 [0082] When the operator a positive communication device piercing connector 18 piercing the insulating layer of the positive power source line 24, and communicates with the core wire, the n-piercing connector 18 will bring the positive voltage, which is the potential of the positive terminal of the intake line 17 the same, much higher than the potential of the point j and k points, such that the second module 36 D4,0C2 reverse blocking, output high points C, and inside the third module 37 LED3,0C3, D5 n conducting, when the oN-current is about 10mA, LED3 emission, d output low point, if the n-piercing connector 18 and the communication device 24 from the positive power source line, the forward voltage of the third module 37 along disappears, LED3 off, 0C3, D5 oFF, d-point output high. 单片机1通过采集d点电平的高低,便可知正穿刺线夹18刺穿通信设备正电源线24的绝缘层,与芯线连通的状态信息,而LED3的亮和灭则直接指示出了该信息。 Microcontroller 1 point d by collecting low level, the n-piercing connector 18 will be seen that the communication device piercing the insulating layer of the positive power source line 24, the core wire communication state information, and LED3 of the on and off directly indicates the information.

[0083] 当操作人员将负穿刺线夹19刺穿通信设备负电源线25的绝缘层并与芯线连通时,负穿刺线夹19带上负电压,其电位大大低于i点和1点的电位,使得第四模块38中的D6、0C4反向截止,此时e点输出高电平,而第一模块35内部的LED2、0C1、D3正向导通,此时的导通电流为10mA左右,LED2发光,b点输出低电平,如果负穿刺线夹19与通信设备负电源线25脱离,第一模块35上的正向电压随之消失,LED2熄灭,0C1、D3截止,b点又输出高电平。 [0083] When the operator negative piercing connector 19 piercing the insulating layer communication apparatus negative power source line 25 and communicates with the core wire, the negative piercing connector 19 with a negative voltage, which is significantly lower than the potential of point i and 1:00 potential, such that the fourth module 38 D6,0C4 reverse blocking, outputs a high level at this time point e, and the inside of the first module 35 LED2,0C1, D3 is forward, this time on-current of 10mA about, LED2 emitting, b output low point, if the negative piercing connector 1925 from the negative power line communication device, the forward voltage of the first module 35 disappeared, LED2 is off, 0C1, D3 is turned off, b point and output high. 单片机1通过采集b点电平的高低,便可知负穿刺线夹19刺穿通信设备负电源线25的绝缘层,与芯线连通的状态信息,而LED2的亮和灭则直接指示出了该信息。 1 SCM collected by low level of point b, it is found that a negative piercing connector 19 piercing the insulating layer communication device a negative power source line 25, the status information of the core wire communication, while the LED2 on and off directly indicates the information.

[0084] 当操作人员误操作,不慎将正穿刺线夹18刺穿通信设备负电源线25的绝缘层并与芯线连通时,正穿刺线夹18带上负电压,低于j点和k点的电位,使得第三模块35内部的LED3、0C3、D5反向截止,此时d点输出高电平,而第二模块36中的D4、0C2正向导通,此时的导通电流为10mA左右,c点输出低电平,如果正穿刺线夹18与通信设备负电源线25脱离,第二模块36上的正向电压随之消失,0C2、D4截止,c点又输出高电平,单片机1通过采集c点的电平,便可知正穿刺线夹18刺穿通信设备负电源线25的绝缘层,与芯线连通的的状态。 [0084] When the operator misuse, accidentally piercing connector 18 positive negative power line communication device piercing the insulating layer 25 and communicates with the core, n-piercing connector 18 with a negative voltage, and is lower than the point j k potential point, such LED3,0C3 inside the third module 35, D5 reverse blocking, outputs a high level at this time point d, and a second module 36 D4,0C2 forward conduction, the conduction current at this time It is about 10mA, c output low point, if the n-piercing connector 18 and the communication device 25 from the negative power source line, the forward voltage of the second module 36 disappeared, 0C2, D4 is turned off, the point C and outputs a high level, the level of the microcontroller 1 by taking the point c, it is found that n-piercing connector status communication device 18 piercing the negative power source line insulating layer 25, and communicates with the core wire.

[0085] 当操作人员误操作,不慎将负穿刺线夹19刺穿通信设备正电源线24绝缘层并与芯线连通时,负穿刺线夹19带上正电压,此时负穿刺线夹19与进线正端17等电位,其电位大大高于i点和1点的电位,使得第一模块35内部的LED2、0C1、D3反向截止,此时b点输出高电平,而第四模块38中的D6、0C4正向导通,此时的导通电流为10mA左右,e点输出低电平,如果负穿刺线夹19与通信设备正电源线24脱离,第四模块38上的正向电压随之消失,0C4、D6截止,e点的电平又输出高电平,单片机1通过采集e点的电平,便可知负穿刺线夹19刺穿通信设备正电源线24的绝缘层,与芯线连通的的状态。 [0085] When the operator misuse, negative accidentally piercing connector 19 piercing the insulating layer communication device 24 communicates with the positive power source line and the core wire, the negative piercing connector 19 to impart a positive voltage so that the negative piercing connector line 19 and the positive terminal 17 potential, the potential of which is much higher than the potential at the point i and the point, so that the interior of the first LED2,0C1 module 35, D3 reverse blocking, outputs a high level at this time point b, the first the four modules 38 D6,0C4 forward conduction, the conduction current at this time is about 10mA, e output low point, if the negative piercing connector 19 and communication device 24 from the positive power source line, the fourth module 38 forward voltage disappears, 0C4, D6 is turned off, the level of the output high point e, the microcontroller 1 by taking the level of point e, 19 will be seen negative piercing connector insulation piercing positive power line communication device 24 layer, the core wire and the state of communication.

[0086] 当接触器KM吸合,在主触点闭合的同时,辅助触点也闭合,a点与"信号地"连通, a点电平由高变为低,同时LED1发光,当接触器KM释放,在主触点释放的同时,辅助触点也释放,a点与"信号地"断开,a点电位又恢复为高电平,单片机1通过采集a点的电平,便可知接触器KM通、断的状态,而LED1的亮和灭则直接指示出了该信息。 [0086] When the contact KM pull at the same time closing the main contacts, the auxiliary contact is closed and, with the point A "signal ground" communication, point A from high to low level, while LED1 emitting, when the contactor KM release, while the release of the main contacts, the auxiliary contact is also released, and the point a "signal ground" off, a point potential and back to high, the microcontroller 1 by taking a point level, it can be seen contacting KM is on, off state, and the on and off LED1 directly indicating the information.

[0087] SB为控制供电主回路3分断的释放按钮,SB按下之前h点输出高电平,按下后,h 点输出低电平,放开后又恢复为高电平,单片机1通过采集h点的低电平脉冲,便可知操作人员是否按了释放按钮SB。 [0087] SB is a main circuit power control release button 3 minutes off, h outputs a high level until the point SB is pressed, press, h output low point, and then released back to high, the microcontroller 1 by h collection point low pulse, we will know whether or not the operator pressed the release button SB.

[0088] 在程序的控制下,单片机1不断检测a、b、c、d、e、h各点电平的变化,并根据特定的情况,作出相应的动作。 [0088] In the control program, the microcontroller 1 continuously detects a, b, c, d, e, h change in level of each point, and depending on the particular circumstances, act accordingly. 初始状态下,单片机1令f点和g点输出高电平,当单片机1检测到正穿刺线夹18和负穿刺线夹19都已分别正确连通通信设备电源线时,便控制f点输出低电平,Q1导通,中间继电器KA吸合,接触器KM吸合,供电主回路3内的供电主回路总线进线39和供电主回路总线出线40连通。 Initially, the microcontroller 1 so that the point f and g-point output high, when the positive and negative piercing connector 18 piercing connector 19 are respectively communicated correct power line communication apparatus, it outputs a low control point f 1 detected by the microcontroller level, Q1 turns on, pull KA relay, contactor KM pull main circuit power supply into the primary circuit of the bus lines in the main circuit 339 and the power line communication bus 40. 当割接完一对电源线,操作人员按一下释放按钮SB,单片机便会控制f点输出高电平,使Q1截止,中间继电器KA释放,接触器KM释放,供电主回路3内的供电主回路总线进线39和供电主回路总线出线40断开。 After cutover When a pair of power lines, the operator press the release button SB, the control point f microcontroller will output high, so that Q1 is turned off, releasing relay KA, KM release contactors, the main power supply in the main circuit 3 and the bus line 39 into the circuit of the main circuit power supply bus line 40 is disconnected. 当正穿刺线夹18 或负穿刺线夹19极性与所连通信设备电源线相反,单片机便会控制g点,不断输出高低相间的电平,从而驱动LED4闪光,警告操作人员,直至极性接反情况消除。 When the positive or negative piercing connector 18 piercing connector 19 attached polarity opposite to the power line communication device, the control point g microcontroller will continuously output level and white level, thereby driving LED4 flash, alerting an operator, until the polarity reversed condition is removed.

[0089] 针对现有技术中存在的不足,本公开提供一种智能的、安全的、操作简单快捷的, 同时对通信设备电源线的损伤又能降到最低的通信设备直流电源不间断智能在线割接器。 [0089] For lack of prior art, the present disclosure provides an intelligent, safe, simple and quick, while damage to the power line communications equipment can minimize the communication device DC Uninterruptible Power Supply Smart Online cutover device.

[0090] 上述实施例中,"割接器"抛弃了传统的电源割接方法,采用单片机程序控制,具有"人-机"互动功能,它能正确引导操作人员进行割接作业,而对于误操作,能立即提醒操作人员加以纠正。 [0090] The above-described embodiments, the "cutover" on power cutover abandoned the traditional method, using single-chip program control, with the "man - machine" interactive function, it can be correctly guide the operator through the cutover operation, and for misuse operation, can immediately alert the operator to correct it. 该项目还具有"先检测,后连通"的安全防护机制,能有效防止电源割接中短路或掉电事故的发生,从而将危险、艰难、缓慢的电源割接变得安全、容易、快捷和高效。 The project also has a "first detecting, after communication" the security mechanism, can effectively prevent occurrence of short circuiting in the power down cutover accident, thereby dangerous, difficult, slow power cutover become safe, easy, fast, and efficient. 它能大幅降低操作人员劳动强度,同时对电源线的损伤也能降到最低,是电源割接很好的工具,因此建议将该创新产品化,进行批量生产,并在通信行业内推广应用。 It can significantly reduce labor intensity, while the damage to the power cord can minimize the power cutover is a good tool, it is recommended that the product of innovation, mass production, and promote the use in the communications industry.

[0091] 图6示出根据本发明使用割接器进行通信设备直流电源不间断在线割接方法的一个实施例的流程图。 [0091] FIG. 6 shows a flowchart of an embodiment according to the cutover is performed using the communication device of the present invention an uninterruptible DC power supply line cutover method.

[0092] 如图6所示,步骤602,将割接器的供电主回路总线进线39通过进线20的进线正端17)连接到直流供电系统的正排28上,通过进线20)的进线负端(16)连接到直流供电系统的一路输出熔断器31上,将与出线21相连的正穿刺线夹18夹到通信设备正电源线24 上,将与出线21相连的负穿刺线夹19夹到通信设备负电源线25上。 As shown in [0092] FIG. 6, step 602, through the inlet line 39 into the positive terminal of the power supply line 20 into the line bus cutover main circuit filter 17) is connected to the DC power supply system 28 is a positive displacement, through the inlet line 20 ) of the negative terminal into the line (16) connected to one output of the DC power supply system on the fuse 31, with the positive line 21 connected to the piercing clamp 18 clamped to the positive power line communication device 24, the line 21 is connected to the negative piercing connector clip 19 to the negative power line communication device 25.

[0093] 步骤604,通过检测与指示电路6检测正穿刺线夹18刺穿通信设备正电源线24的绝缘层并与芯线连通,检测负穿刺线夹19刺穿通信设备负电源线25的绝缘层并与芯线连通。 [0093] Step 604, by detecting and indicating circuit 6 detects positive communication device piercing connector 18 piercing the insulating layer and the positive power source line 24 is in communication with the core wire, the detection of negative communication device piercing connector 19 piercing the negative power source line 25 the insulating layer and in communication with the core.

[0094] 步骤606,控制单元1向供电主回路通断驱动电路2发送接触器吸合指令,控制供电主回路3中的接触器KM闭合,使得供电主回路3内的供电主回路总线进线39和供电主回路总线出线40之间连通,割接器向通信设备23供电。 [0094] Step 606, the control unit 1 off a drive power supply to the main loop circuit 2 transmits the contactor close command, controlling the power supply of the main circuit contactor 3 KM closed, so that the power supply of the main circuit of the power supply of the main circuit supply bus lines in the 3 main circuit power supply 39 and the communication between the bus line 40, the cutover to the communication device 23 is powered.

[0095] 步骤608,对通信设备电源线实施不间断在线割接,将通信设备正电源线24,从老直流供电系统27上割接至新直流供电系统32的正排28上,将通信设备负电源线25,从老直流供电系统27割接至新直流供电系统32的一路熔断器31上。 [0095] Step 608, the power line communication apparatus for continuous online cutover embodiment, the communication device is power source line 24, the DC power supply system from the old to the new DC power supply 27 cutover exhaust system is 28 32, the communication device negative power source line 25, the cutover from the old system DC power supply 27 to DC power supply system on a new way of the fuse 32 31.

[0096] 步骤610,按下释放按钮SB,控制单元1向供电主回路通断驱动电路2发送接触器释放指令,控制供电主回路3中的接触器KM释放,使得供电主回路3内的供电主回路总线进线39和供电主回路总线出线40之间断开,割接器停止向通信设备23供电。 [0096] Step 610, the release button SB, the control unit 1 on and off the power supply to the main circuit drive circuit 2 transmits a release instruction contactor, contactor KM release controlling power in the main circuit 3, so that the power supply in the main circuit 3 bus master circuit 39 into the line 40 and the line is disconnected between the main circuit power supply bus, cutover stop power to the communication device 23.

[0097] 步骤612,从通信设备正电源线24上,松开并取下正穿刺线夹18,从通信设备负电源线25上,松开并取下负穿刺线夹19。 [0097] Step 612, from the communication device is power source line 24, loosen and remove the n-piercing connector 18, the negative power source line 25 from the communication device, to loosen and remove the negative piercing connector 19.

[0098] 下面继续介绍一个通信设备直流电源不间断智能在线割接器的使用方法的例子, 包括以下步骤: [0098] The following example describes the continued use of a communication device uninterruptible DC power supply line cutover intelligent device, comprising the steps of:

[0099] A、准备:电源割接前,老直流供电系统27和新直流供电系统32的正排28通过工作地接地排30相连,使得新、老两套直流供电系统正极等电位,并且将两套直流供电系统的直流输出电压调节至很接近,通信设备直流电源不间断智能在线割接器的进线20的进线正端17连接到直流供电系统的正排28上,进线负端16连接到直流供电系统的一路-48V 输出熔断器31上,通信设备直流电源不间断智能在线割接器得电后便开始正常工作,再将正穿刺线夹18或负穿刺线夹19分别夹到通信设备23的通信设备正电源线24或通信设备负电源线25上。 [0099] A, preparation: before cutover power supply, DC power supply system 27 the old and the new DC power supply system 28 through a positive displacement 32 is operatively connected to the ground bar 30, so that the potential of the new and old sets of positive DC power supply system and the like, and two DC output voltage DC power supply system is adjusted to very close, intelligent communications device uninterrupted DC power supply line into the line cutover filter 20 into the line 17 is connected to the positive terminal of the DC power supply system 28 is a positive displacement, the negative terminal into the line 16 is connected to the DC power supply system 31 on the way to -48V output of the fuse, the DC power supply uninterrupted intelligent communications device is energized after cutover line begins normal operation, then a positive or negative piercing connector 18 piercing connector 19 are interposed communication device to the communication device 23 of the positive power source line 24 or the communication device 25 on the negative power source line.

[0100] B、单片机1通过检测与指示电路6,检测正、负穿刺线线夹连通通信设备电源线的状态信号,单片机1通过检测与指示电路6检测正穿刺线夹18或负穿刺线夹19存在的极性接反情况,即正穿刺线夹18连接到通信设备负电源线25上或负穿刺线夹19连接到通信设备正电源线24上或正、负穿刺线夹均连接到错误的通信设备电源线上时,单片机1均会驱动语音播报电路7发出语音警报,且同时驱动极性接反告警指示电路8中的发光二级管LED4闪烁并延时,等语音警报完整播完后,单片机1又重复上述程序,直至重新正确夹线; [0100] B, by detecting the microcontroller 1 indicating circuit 6 detects the positive and negative wire piercing clamp power line communication device communicates a status signal, the microcontroller 1 by detecting and indicating circuit 6 detects positive or negative piercing connector 18 piercing connector 19 where polarity reversal occurring, i.e., n-piercing connector 18 is connected to the negative power line communication device 25 or 19 is connected to the negative piercing connector positive power line communication device 24 or the positive and negative error piercing connector is connected to the the power line communication device, the microcontroller will drive a voice announcement circuit 7 an alarm tone, and at the same drive polarity reverse alarm indicator light-emitting diodes LED4 and the delay circuit 8 flashes, voice alert, etc. full aired after the microcontroller 1 and repeat the procedure until the correct re-clamp;

[0101] C、步骤B中的正穿刺线夹18、负穿刺线夹19正确连接到通信设备的电源线时, LED3和LED2亮,单片机1通过检测与指示电路6先检测正线存在的连通动作,即正穿刺线夹18刺穿通信设备正电源线24的绝缘层,并与芯线连通,存在连通动作时,单片机1控制语音播报电路7进行语音播报,然后单片机1通过检测与指示电路6再检测负线存在的连通动作,正穿刺线夹18不存在连通动作时,即正穿刺线夹18与芯线不连通,单片机1通过检测与指示电路6直接检测负线存在的连通动作; [0101] C, n-piercing connector 18, Step B, the negative piercing connector 19 is properly connected to the power line communication device, LED3 and LED2 light, microcontroller 6 by first detecting the presence of a positive line detection and indication circuit in communication operation, i.e., n-piercing connector 18 piercing the insulating layer communication device positive power source line 24, and communicates with the core, the presence of the communication operation, the microcontroller control circuit 7 voice announcement voice broadcast, then the microcontroller 1 by detecting and indicating circuit 6 and then detecting the presence of the negative line communication operation, communication timing piercing connector 18 when the operation is not present, i.e. n-piercing connector does not communicate with the core 18, the communication operation is directly detected by the presence of 6 and negative line detection circuit indicates a microcontroller;

[0102] D、步骤C中的单片机1通过检测与指示电路6检测负线存在的连通动作时,即负穿刺线夹19刺穿通信设备负电源线25的绝缘层,并与芯线连通,存在连通动作,单片机1 控制语音播报电路7进行语音播报,并进行正、负线夹曾存在非同时连通的情况,且现在都已正确连通的检测,单片机1通过检测与指示电路6检测负线不存在连通动作,即负穿刺线夹19不与芯线连通时,单片机1通过检测与指示电路6直接进行正、负线夹曾存在非同时连通的情况,且现在都已正确连通的检测; [0102] D, when a communication operation is detected by the presence of 6 detection and indicating a negative line circuit microcontroller step C, i.e. negative piercing connector 19 piercing the insulating layer communication device a negative power source line 25, and communicates with the core wire, communication operation exists, the microcontroller control circuit 7 voice announcement voice broadcast, and positive and negative clip had the presence of non-simultaneous communication, and communication are now correctly detected by detecting the microcontroller 1 indicating the negative line detecting circuit 6 communication operation is not present, i.e., when the negative piercing connector 19 does not communicate with the core, the microcontroller 1 by directly detecting circuit 6 indicative of the positive and negative clip had the presence of non-simultaneous communication, are now detected and the correct communication;

[0103] E、步骤D中的正、负线夹曾存在非同时连通的情况,且现在都已正确连通的检测为判断正穿刺线夹18和负穿刺线夹19在不同时刻,分别于通信设备的正、负电源线连通, 并且都已正确连通的检测,存在连通动作时,单片机1直接向供电主回路通断驱动电路2发送接触器吸合指令,不存在连通动作时,单片机1通过检测与指示电路6直接进行接触器有吸合动作的检测; [0103] E, Step D, the positive and negative clip had the presence of non-simultaneous communication, and communication are properly now detects positive determination is negative and piercing connector 18 piercing connector 19 at different times, respectively, in the communication positive and negative power line communication apparatus, and communication are correctly detected, the presence of the communication operation, the microcontroller 1 driven directly off the main power supply to the loop circuit 2 transmits contactor close command, the operation when the communication does not exist, the microcontroller 1 by detecting and indicating circuit 6 has direct contact with the pull operation of the detection;

[0104] F、步骤E中的接触器有吸合动作,是指单片机1发送接触器吸合指令后,单片机1 通过检测与指示电路6检测接触器KM存在的吸合动作,存在吸合动作时,单片机1延时,等上个语音内容播报完成后再控制语音播报电路7进行该语音内容的播报,而此时供电主回路3中的正穿刺线夹18和负穿刺线夹19已经分别刺破通信设备电源线绝缘层,并与芯线连通,供电主回路3内的供电主回路总线进线39和供电主回路总线出线40之间也已经连通,通信设备23此时由通信设备直流电源不间断智能在线割接器供电,施工人员可以对通信设备电源线实施不间断在线割接,然后单片机1再进行检测释放按钮SB的动作,单片机1通过检测与指示电路6检测到接触器KM不存在吸合动作时,单片机1直接进行供电主回路分断按钮电路9中的释放按钮SB动作的检测; [0104] F, Step E contacts having pull action, refers to the MCU 1 transmits contactor close command, the microcontroller 1 through 6 detected by the detector and indicating circuit of the contactors KM pull operation, the presence of the pull-in operation when the microcontroller 1 a delay, like the voice broadcast content after the completion of the control circuit 7 of the voice broadcast content broadcast speech, but this time the main power supply circuit 3 of the positive and negative piercing piercing connector clip 18 respectively 19 have been piercing the insulating layer power line communication apparatus, and communication with the core, the main circuit power supply into the primary circuit of the bus lines in the main circuit 339 and the power supply bus 40 also has communication line between the communication device 23 at this time by the communication device DC smart-line uninterruptible power supply device cutover, construction can continuously line cutover embodiment of the power line communication device, the microcontroller 1 and then detects the operation of the release button SB, the microcontroller 1 is detected by detecting contactor KM indicating circuit 6 when the pull-in operation, the microcontroller 1 is directly detected in the release button of the main circuit power supply circuit 9 SB breaking operation button does not exist;

[0105] G、步骤F中单片机1检测到释放按钮SB动作时,单片机1通过供电主回路通断驱动电路2控制接触器KM释放,断开供电主回路3内的供电主回路总线进线39与供电主回路总线出线40之间的连接,然后单片机1通过检测与指示电路6再进行接触器有释放动作的检测,单片机1检测到释放按钮SB不进行动作时,直接进行接触器有释放动作的检测; [0105] G, in step F, the microcontroller 1 upon detecting the operation of the release button SB, the microcontroller controls an on-off driving the contactor 2 through the power supply circuit KM releasing the main circuit, the main circuit power supply is disconnected the main circuit in the bus line 339 into main circuit power supply is connected between the bus line 40, and then the microcontroller 1 for detecting contact by detecting the release operation indication circuit 6, the microcontroller detects a release button SB is not operated, it has direct contact with the release operation detection;

[0106] H、单片机1通过检测与指示电路6检测到接触器KM存在释放动作时,单片机1控制语音播报电路7进行语音播报,然后施工人员再取下正穿刺线夹18和负穿刺线夹19,对通信设备电源线进行必要的绝缘包裹后,再进行下一对电源线的割接工作,单片机1通过检测与指示电路6检测到接触器KM不存在释放动作时,回馈给单片机1。 [0106] H, a release operation of the microcontroller, the microcontroller 1 controls the voice announcement by voice announcement circuit 7 and indication detecting circuit 6 detects the presence of KM contactor, and construction workers piercing clamp 18 before removing the positive and negative piercing connector 19, after power line communications equipment necessary insulation wrap, then the next cutover of the power line, the microcontroller 1 does not release action by detecting the presence of KM indicating circuit 6 detects contactor, a feedback to the microcontroller.

[0107] 如图7示出了编写割接器程序的流程图。 [0107] FIG. 7 shows a flow chart of the program written cutover. 图7中"存在极性接反情况?"是指正穿刺线夹18或负穿刺线夹19与所连通的通信设备电源线芯线之间,是否存在极性相反的情况。 FIG. 7 "reverse polarity situation exists?" Refers to positive or negative, between the piercing connector 18 piercing clamp power line communication device and the communication wire 19, the opposite polarity condition exists. "仅正线接反"是指正穿刺线夹18被错误连通到了通信设备负电源线25的芯线,这时播放"语音1"。 "Reversed only positive line" as the error correction piercing clamp 18 is communicated to the negative power line communication apparatus 25 of the core wire, then play "Voice 1." "仅负线接反"是指负穿刺线夹19被错误连通到了通信设备正电源线24 的芯线,这时播放"语音2"。 "Only reversed negative line" refers to a negative error piercing clamp 19 is communicated to the communication device is a power line wire 24, then play "Voice 2." "正负线均接反"是指同时存在上述两种错误,这时播放"语音3",出现上述的任意一种错误,单片机都会在播报语音提醒的同时,控制发光二极管LED4 闪烁,警告操作人员纠正错误,由于上述的错误是最紧急的状况,所以采取循环检测和循环播报的方式,直至错误消除,由于是循环播报,为了防止前面的语音还未播完,后面的播放命令又至,导致无法播放完整的语音信息,所以在两次播放语音通知之间需要有延时,刚好通过插入一定时长的发光二极管闪烁指示,达到延时的目的,"延时a"的具体时长,要根据所播放的语音长短而定。 "Positive-negative lines are reversed" means that both errors simultaneously, then play "Voice 3" An error occurred in any of the above, the microcontroller will be broadcast at the same time the voice alert, a light emitting diode LED4 flashing control, alerting the operator staff to correct the error, the error due to the above is the most urgent situation, so take loop detection and loop broadcast manner until the error is eliminated, as is the broadcast cycle, in order to prevent the front of the voice has not yet aired, behind the play command to another, resulting in the complete speech information can not be played, so that between the two there is a delay required to play an announcement, inserted just certain period indicated by flashing light-emitting diode, the purpose of the delay "delay a" specific length of time, according to the voice on the length of play. "正线有连通动作? "是指是否出现正穿刺线夹18刺穿通信设备正电源线24的绝缘层,并与芯线连通这样一个瞬间的动作发生。 "Positive line communicating action?" Refers to whether there is a positive communication device piercing connector 18 piercing the insulating layer of the positive power source line 24, and communicates with the core of such a momentary action occurs. 如果有,便播放一次"语音4"。 If so, then play a "Voice 4." 同理,如果"负线有连通动作?"有动作,便播放一次"语音5"。 Similarly, if the "negative line communicating action?" There is action, it plays a "voice 5." "正、负线夹曾存在非同时连通的情况,且现都已正确连通? "是用来判断正穿刺线夹18和负穿刺线夹19是否是在不同时刻,分别正确与通信设备的正、负电源线芯线连通,并且当前都已正确连通。 "Positive and negative non-simultaneous presence of the clip has communication, and communication are now correct?" Is used to determine positive and negative piercing connector 18 piercing connector 19 at different times whether the respectively right and positive communication device , wire communication negative power source line, and the current are properly communicated. 如果是,那么发送接触器KM吸合指令。 If so, the transmission KM contactor close command. 在实际的电源割接操作中正穿刺线夹18和负穿刺线夹19由一人操作,不可能在毫秒级内同时与通信设备电源线连通。 In the actual operation of the power cutover CKS piercing clamp 18 and the negative piercing clamp 19 operated by one person, can not simultaneously communicate with the power line communication device within milliseconds. 之所以要加入这个判断机制,是因为如果仅仅通过判断当前正穿刺线夹18和负穿刺线夹19都与通信设备的正、负电源线芯线正确连通,来控制接触器KM的吸合,那么当操作人员按下释放按钮SB时,单片机1控制供电主回路3的接触器KM释放,但是这时正穿刺线夹18和负穿刺线夹19仍然正确连通在通信设备电源线上,单片机1检测到上述情况,就会误认为是操作人员刚刚将正、 负穿刺线夹正确连接到通信设备电源线上,因此又会控制接触器KM吸合,也就是说无法真正分断接触器KM。 The reason for this determination mechanism added, because if the currently determined only by piercing clamp 18 and clamp 19 are puncture negative positive and negative power source line wire communication with the communication device properly to control the pull KM contactors, when the operator then presses the release button SB, the MCU 1 controls the power supply line contactor release KM 3, but then the positive and negative piercing connector 18 piercing connector 19 is still correct communication in the power line communication device, the microcontroller 1 detecting the above situation, the operator will mistakenly believe is just the positive and negative piercing connector is properly connected to the power line communication apparatus, and therefore will pull the control contactor KM, that is not really breaking contactor KM. 加入上述判断机制后,就可以顺利解决以上矛盾。 After the addition of the determination mechanism, we can successfully solve these conflicts. 图中"接触器有吸合动作?",是指检测接触器KM是否发生吸合动作,如果有,就播放一次"语音6"。 Figure "contacts having pull action?", Refers to whether the detecting contact KM pull action occurs, if so, displays a "voice 6." 由于接触器KM吸合动作和"语音6"都随即发生在播放"语音4"或"语音5"之后,为了防止后面的语音影响前面的,所以加入延时b。 Since the operation of the contactor and KM pull "Voice 6" have occurred immediately after the play "Voice 4" or "5 speech", speech in order to prevent the latter affects the front, so the delay is added b. 图中"释放按钮动作?"是指释放按钮SB是否被按下,如果是,单片机1便发送接触器KM释放指令。 The figure, "a release button operation?" Refers to whether the release button SB is pressed, and if so, the microcontroller will send a release instruction contactor KM. 图中"接触器有释放动作?",是指接触器KM是否发生释放动作,如果有,就播放一次"语音7"。 The figure "contactor with a release action?", Refers to the KM contactor whether to release the action takes place, if so, to play a "7 voice." 由于一般在播放"语音7"的时候,其它语音已经播完,所以不需要加入延时。 Because usually in play "voice 7" when the other voice has been broadcast finished, so no added delay. 语音1-语音7为预先通过录音程序,录制在语音录、放芯片IC1的闪烁存储器不同地址中的语音信息。 1- 7 is a speech voice recordings in advance by the program, recorded in the flash memory address different voice record and playback chip IC1 of speech information. 在电源割接时,单片机1再根据具体情况, 调用和播放相应的语音信息。 When power cutover, the microcontroller 1 and then depending on the circumstances, and play the corresponding voice call information. 在本实施例中,"语音1"的录制内容为"正线接反,请检查", "语音2"的录制内容为"负线接反,请检查","语音3"的录制内容为"正、负线都接反,请检查","语音4"的录制内容为"正线连通","语音5"的录制内容为"负线连通","语音6"的录制内容为"供电主回路已连通,请割接","语音7"的录制内容为"供电主回路已断开,请松开穿刺线夹"。 In the present embodiment, the recorded content "Voice 1" recorded content "positive line reversed, please check," "Voice 2" recording "negative line reversed, please check," "Voice 3" is "positive and negative lines are reversed, please check," recording "voice 4" recordings "positive line communication", "voice 5" recordings "negative line communication", "voice 6" to " the main circuit power supply has been connected, please cutover "," voice 7 "recordings as" the main circuit power supply has been disconnected, loosen the piercing connector. "

[0108] 图8A和图8B中所示的割接器主电路26,即为图5中除去进线20、出线21、正穿刺线夹18、负穿刺线夹19后剩余的部分。 [0108] FIGS. 8A and cutover main circuit shown in FIG. 8B 26, FIG. 5 that is removed into line 20, line 21, piercing connector 18 positive, 19 negative after piercing connector remaining part. 如图8A所示,为"割接器"的进线20接在老直流供电系统27上的示意图,如图8B所示,为"割接器"的进线20接在新直流供电系统32上的示意图。 8A, the "cutover" on the line 20 connected into a schematic view of the DC power supply system 27 old, 8B, for the "cutover" on the line 20 into contact with the new DC power supply system 32 schematic on. 基于割接器的硬件和软件,并结合图5、图6、图7和图8B来描述电源割接的主要过程:电源割接前,老直流供电系统27和新直流供电系统32的正排28通过工作地接地排30相连,且两套系统的直流输出电压被调节至很接近,"割接器"的进线20根据实际情况, 接在老直流供电系统27或新直流供电系统32上的一路-48V输出熔断器31上,"割接器" 得电后开始工作。 Cutover is based on hardware and software, in conjunction with FIG. 5, FIG. 6, FIG. 7 and FIG. 8B described the main power cutover process: before cutover power supply, DC power supply system 27 the old and the new DC power system 32 of the positive displacement ground bar 28 is connected through the work 30, the two systems and the DC output voltage is adjusted to very close, "cutover" on the line 20 into the actual situation, connected to the DC power supply system 27 is old or new DC power supply system 32 on the way to -48V output fuse 31, "cutover" on start work after energized. 电源割接正式开始,当正穿刺线夹18被错误连到了通信设备负电源线25 时,"割接器"循环播放"语音1",且LED4不断闪烁,直到错误消除。 Power cutover started, when a positive error piercing connector 18 is connected to the communication device 25 negative, the "cutover" on loop power supply line "Voice 1", and LED4 flashing until the error elimination. 当负穿刺线夹19被错误连到了通信设备正电源线24时,"割接器"循环播放"语音2",且LED4不断闪烁,直到错误消除。 When the negative error piercing connector 19 is connected to the positive power line communication apparatus 24, the "cutover" on loop "Voice 2", and LED4 flashing until the error elimination. 当同时存在上述两种错误时,"割接器"循环播放"语音3",且LED4不断闪烁,直到错误消除。 When there is an error both at the same time, "cutover is" looping "Voice 3", and LED4 flashing until the error eliminated. 当正穿刺线夹18刺穿通信设备正电源线24的绝缘层,并与芯线连通时,LED3 亮,同时"割接器"播报一次"语音4",当负穿刺线夹19刺穿通信设备负电源线25的绝缘层,并与芯线连通时,LED2亮,"割接器"同时播报一次"语音5",当"正、负穿刺线夹"均正确刺穿对应的通信设备电源线的绝缘层,并与芯线连通时,接触器KM吸合,供电主回路3内的供电主回路总线进线39和供电主回路总线出线40连通,"割接器"便可以同时向通信设备供电,LED1亮,"割接器"同时播放一次"语音6",接下来操作人员于"A、B"两点处,分别切断通信设备电源线,再将它们分别接到新直流供电系统32的正排28和一路-48V输出熔断器31上,这样便完成了一对电源线的割接,然后操作人员按下释放按钮SB,接触器KM释放,供电主回路3内的供电主回路总线进线39和供电主回路总线出线40断开,LED1熄灭, "割接 When a positive communication device piercing connector 18 piercing the insulating layer of the positive power source line 24, and communicates with the core, LED3 light, while the "cutover" on a broadcast "Voice 4", when a negative piercing connector 19 piercing communication when the negative power source line insulating layer 25 of the device, and communicates with the core, LED2 bright, "cutover" on simultaneously broadcast a "voice 5", when the "positive and negative piercing connector" is correct piercing power corresponding to the communication device line insulating layer, and when communication with the core wire, the contactor KM pull main circuit power supply into the primary circuit of the bus lines in the main circuit 339 and the power line communication bus 40, the "cutover" on the communication can simultaneously powering the device, LEDl bright, "cutover" on while playing a "voice 6", the next operator in the "A, B" two points, respectively, off the power line communication device, respectively and then to the new DC power supply system 32, row 28 and one positive output -48V on the fuse 31, thus completing the cutover a pair of power lines, and then the operator presses the release button SB, contactor KM release, the main power supply circuit in the main circuit 3 bus line bus 39 and the main circuit power supply line 40 is disconnected, LEDl is off, "cutover 器"播放一次"语音7",接着操作人员分别将"正、负刺穿线夹"从通信设备电源线上取下,LED3、LED2熄灭,准备下一对电源线的割接。 Is "play once" Voice 7 ", respectively, then the operator will be" positive, negative piercing clamp "is removed from the power line communication device, LED3, LED2 is off, to prepare for the next cutover power line. 由于通信设备电源线绝缘层塑料本身具有一定的弹性,当"正、负刺穿线夹"被取下后,绝缘层塑料刺穿小孔会在弹性的作用下慢慢缩小,也就是具有一定的"自愈"能力,所以最后只需对通信设备电源线刺穿处,稍做绝缘处理即可。 Since the power line communication apparatus itself is the insulating layer of plastic having a certain elasticity, when the "positive and negative piercing clamp" after being removed, the insulating layer will slowly shrink plastic piercing apertures under the action of the elastic, i.e. having a certain "self-healing" capacity, so in the end only needs to pierce the power line communication device, the insulating treatment can be slightly.

[0109] 相对现有技术而言,各个实施例分别或者部分所具有的优点和效果如下: [0109] relative to the prior art, various embodiments are part of or has the following advantages and effects:

[0110] 1、利用一种可以反复使用的"穿刺线夹",来刺穿通信设备电源线绝缘层,临时实现"并接线"与通信设备电源线的并接和连通,省去了"开天窗"这种既危险又费时的操作, 使割接操作变得安全、快速、容易和方便,对电缆的损伤也能降到最低限度。 [0110] 1, can be used repeatedly using one of "piercing connectors", to pierce the insulating layer power line communication device, to achieve temporary "and wired" communication device and the power line communication and contact with, eliminating the "open a window "this dangerous and time-consuming operation, so the cutover operation becomes safe, fast, easy and convenient, damage to the cable can be reduced to a minimum.

[0111] 2、通过光耦、发光二极管、电阻等组成的外围检测和指示电路,实时检测和指示"穿刺线夹"是否已经穿透通信设备电源线绝缘层,并且与芯线连通,实时检测"穿刺线夹" 所夹电源线的极性是否正确,以及实时检测与指示供电主回路中接触器吸合和释放的状态。 If [0111] 2, the peripheral detecting and indicating circuit by optocouplers, light emitting diodes, resistors and other components of the real-time detection and indication "piercing connector" has penetrated the insulating layer power line communication device, and communicates with the core wire, real-time detection "piercing connector" sandwiched polarity power supply line is correct, and real-time detection and indication circuit powered main contactor and release state.

[0112] 3、使用单片机程序控制,对割接过程中的各个关键进程,自动进行实时监测,并根据检测结果,自动执行诸如连通"供电主回路"、播报语音和LED闪烁告警等输出响应。 [0112] 3, using the single-chip program control, for each key during the process of the cutover, the automatic real-time monitoring, and the detection result, automatically performs communication such as "main circuit power supply", and the LED flashes broadcast voice output in response to alarms.

[0113] 4、具有语音播报功能,对电源割接中的各个关键进程都能自动检测和播报。 [0113] 4, has a voice broadcast function, can automatically detect and broadcast on all key processes in the power cutover. 操作人员不需要看指示灯的状态,便知电源割接目前已到达的进程。 The operator does not need to look at status indicators, power supply glance cutover process has been reached. 它能正确引导操作人员进行下一步的操作,使得操作人员更能专注于手头的操作,提高安全系数和割接速度。 It can correctly guide the operator to the next step, so that the operator can concentrate more on the operation at hand, and improve the safety factor cutover speed.

[0114] 5、具有"先检测,后连通"的安全机制,"割接器"在确认连线极性无误的情况下,才自动连通"供电主回路",极大地提高了电源割接的安全性。 [0114] 5, having a "first detecting, after communication" security mechanisms, "cutover" on the polarity of the connection in correct confirmation, only automatic communication "main circuit power supply", the greatly improved power cutover safety.

[0115] 6、能及时检测操作人员的误操作,并立即通过语音和闪光进行提醒和警告,直至纠正错误,使电源割接的安全性更迈上了一个新台阶。 [0115] 6, the operator can promptly detect the erroneous operation, and immediately alert and warning by voice and flash until correct errors, so that the safety of the cutover more power onto a new level.

[0116] 7、通过数字式电压表和电流表,实时测量"供电主回路"的电压和负载电流。 [0116] 7, by a digital voltmeter and ammeter measured in real time "of the main power supply circuit" voltage and load current.

[0117] 至此,已经详细描述了根据本发明的割接器和割接方法。 [0117] So far, it has been described and cutover cutover method of the present invention in detail. 为了避免遮蔽本发明的构思,没有描述本领域所公知的一些细节。 To avoid obscuring the concepts of the present invention, some details have not been described in the art known. 本领域技术人员根据上面的描述,完全可以明白如何实施这里公开的技术方案。 Those skilled in the art according to the above description, can fully understand how to implement the technical solution disclosed herein.

[0118] 可能以许多方式来实现本发明的方法和系统。 [0118] The methods and systems may be implemented in many ways according to the present invention. 例如,可通过软件、硬件、固件或者软件、硬件、固件的任何组合来实现本发明的方法和系统。 For example, the method and system may be implemented according to the present invention by any combination of software, hardware, firmware or software, hardware, firmware. 用于方法的步骤的上述顺序仅是为了进行说明,本发明的方法的步骤不限于以上具体描述的顺序,除非以其它方式特别说明。 For the above-described sequence of steps of the method are merely intended to be illustrative of the steps of the method according to the present invention is not limited to that specifically described above, unless specifically stated otherwise. 此外,在一些实施例中,还可将本发明实施为记录在记录介质中的程序,这些程序包括用于实现根据本发明的方法的机器可读指令。 Further, in some embodiments, the present invention may also be implemented as a program recorded in a recording medium, the program comprising machine readable instructions for implementing the method according to the present invention. 因而,本发明还覆盖存储用于执行根据本发明的方法的程序的记录介质。 Accordingly, the present invention also covers a recording medium storing a program according to the implementation of the method according to the present invention.

[0119] 虽然已经通过示例对本发明的一些特定实施例进行了详细说明,但是本领域的技术人员应该理解,以上示例仅是为了进行说明,而不是为了限制本发明的范围。 [0119] Although a detailed description of specific embodiments of the present invention by way of example, those skilled in the art will appreciate that the above examples are intended to be illustrative and not intended to limit the scope of the invention only. 本领域的技术人员应该理解,可在不脱离本发明的范围和精神的情况下,对以上实施例进行修改。 Those skilled in the art will appreciate, may be made without departing from the scope and spirit of the present invention, the above embodiments can be modified. 本发明的范围由所附权利要求来限定。 Scope of the invention defined by the appended claims.

Claims (12)

1. 一种设备直流电源不间断在线割接器,其特征在于:包括: 控制单兀(1); 供电主回路通断驱动电路(2); 供电主回路(3);其中,所述供电主回路(3)包括供电主回路总线进线(39)、供电主回路总线出线(40)、接触器KM、续流二极管D2,所述接触器KM的两对主触点分别串接在所述供电主回路总线进线(39)和所述供电主回路总线出线(40)上,所述续流二极管D2与所述接触器KM的电磁线圈并联;和检测与指示电路(6),用于检测所述正穿刺线夹(18)刺穿通信设备正电源线(24)的绝缘层并与芯线连通,所述正穿刺线夹(18)刺穿通信设备负电源线(25)的绝缘层并与芯线连通,所述负穿刺线夹(19)刺穿通信设备负电源线(25)的绝缘层并与芯线连通,所述负穿刺线夹(19)刺穿通信设备正电源线(24)的绝缘层并与芯线连通,向所述控制单元(1)相应的输入通道发送电平 An uninterruptible DC power supply line cutover apparatus, characterized in that: comprising: Wu control unit (1); a main power supply circuit off drive circuit (2); a main power supply circuit (3); wherein said power supply main circuit (3) comprises a main circuit power supply bus lines (39), the main circuit power supply bus line (40), contactor KM, freewheeling diode D2, the contact KM two main contacts are connected in parallel by said power supply bus on the main circuit into the line (39) and the main circuit power supply bus line (40), the parallel electromagnetic coil freewheeling diode D2 of the contactor KM; detecting and indicating circuit (6), with detecting in said positive piercing connector (18) piercing the positive power line communication device (24) in communication with the insulating layer and the core wire, the n-piercing connector (18) piercing the negative power source line communication device (25) the insulating layer and in communication with the core wire, the negative piercing connector (19) piercing the negative power source line communication device (25) in communication with the insulating layer and the core wire, the negative piercing connector (19) piercing the communication device is power line (24) in communication with the insulating layer and the core, the transmission level to the control unit (1) corresponding to the input channel 号; 其中,所述控制单元(1)分别与所述供电主回路通断驱动电路(2)和所述检测与指示电路(6)相连接,所述供电主回路(3)分别与所述供电主回路通断驱动电路(2)和所述检测与指示电路(6)连接; 所述控制单元(1)对来自所述检测与指示电路(6)的电平信号进行判断,当符合条件时,控制所述供电主回路通断驱动电路(2)驱动所述供电主回路(3)的所述接触器KM吸合或释放。 Number; wherein said control unit (1), respectively, and the main circuit power supply on-off drive circuit (2) and said detection and indicating circuit (6) connected to said primary power supply circuit (3), respectively the main circuit power supply on-off drive circuit (2) and said detection and indicating circuit (6); said control unit (1) on the level of the signal from the detection and indication circuit (6) to judge, when qualifying , the control circuit of the main power supply off drive circuit (2) drives the main power supply circuit (3) of the contactor KM pull or release.
2. 根据权利要求1所述的割接器,其特征在于,其中,所述供电主回路(3)还包括:进线(20)和出线(21)、分流器FL1 ; 其中,所述进线(20 )连在所述供电主回路总线进线(39 )上,所述出线(21)连在所述供电主回路总线出线(40)上,所述分流器FL1串接在所述供电主回路总线进线(39)的负线上,所述供电主回路总线出线(40)通过所述出线(21)分别连接用于刺穿通信设备电源线绝缘层的所述正穿刺线夹(18)和所述负穿刺线夹(19)。 The cutover device according to claim 1, wherein wherein said main power supply circuit (3) further comprising: a feed line (20) and the outlet (21), diverter FLl; wherein said inlet line (20) attached to said main circuit power supply bus lines (39), said outlet (21) attached to the primary circuit of the power supply bus line (40), said shunt connected in series to the power supply FL1 bus master circuit inlet line (39) of the negative line of the power supply circuit of the main bus line (40) via the outlet (21), respectively, for piercing the insulating layer power line communication device being piercing connector ( 18) and the negative piercing connector (19).
3. 根据权利要求1或2所述割接器,其特征在于,所述供电主回路通断驱动电路(2)包括电阻R10、三极管Q1和中间继电器KA,以及与所述中间继电器KA电磁线圈并联的续流二极管D1 ;所述电阻R10连接到所述三极管Q1的基极,所述三极管Q1的射极连接到所述中间继电器KA的电磁线圈,所述中间继电器KA的常开触点串接在所述接触器KM电磁线圈供电线路中;所述三极管Q1用于驱动所述中间继电器KA,由所述中间继电器KA再驱动所述供电主回路(3)中的所述接触器KM动作。 The cutover is 1 or claim 2, wherein the main circuit power supply on-off drive circuit (2) comprises a resistor R10, transistors Q1 and relay KA, KA and the solenoid relay parallel freewheeling diode Dl; the resistor R10 connected to the base of transistor Q1, the transistor Q1 is emitted electromagnetic coil is connected to the intermediate relay KA, KA of the relay normally open contact string connected to the solenoid of the contactor KM supply line; the transistor Q1 for driving said intermediate relay KA, KA again by the relay driving power supply of the main circuit of the contactor KM operation (3) .
4. 根据权利要求1或2所述的割接器,其特征在于,所述检测与指示电路(6)包括第一模块(35 )、第二模块(36 )、第三模块(37 )、第四模块(38 )、Rl、LED 1和所述接触器KM的辅助触点,所述Rl、LED1、和所述接触器KM的辅助触点串联连接,用于检测和指示接触器KM 分断和吸合的状态,所述第三模块(37)用于检测和指示正穿刺线夹(18)刺穿通信设备正电源线(24)绝缘层并与芯线连通的状态,所述第一模块(35)用于检测和指示负穿刺线夹(19)刺穿通信设备负电源线(25)绝缘层并与芯线连通的状态,所述第二模块(36)用于检测正穿刺线夹(18)刺穿通信设备负电源线(25)绝缘层并与芯线连通的状态,所述第四模块(38)用于检测负穿刺线夹(19)刺穿通信设备正电源线(24)绝缘层并与芯线连通的状态。 Cutover according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein said detecting and indicating circuit (6) comprises a first module (35), a second module (36), a third module (37), a fourth module (38), Rl, LED 1 and the auxiliary contacts of the contactor KM, which Rl, LED1, and the contactor KM auxiliary contact connected in series, for detecting and indicating the breaking contactor KM and a pull state, the third module (37) for detecting and indicating a positive piercing connector (18) piercing the positive power line communication device (24) and the insulating layer and the core wire communication state, the first module (35) for detecting and indicating the negative piercing connector (19) piercing the negative power source line communication device (25) and the insulating layer and the core wire communication state, the second module (36) for detecting a puncture line n clamp (18) piercing the negative power source line communication device (25) in communication with the insulating layer and the core state, the fourth module (38) for detecting negative piercing connector (19) piercing the positive power line communication device ( 24) the state of the insulating layer and in communication with the core wire.
5. 根据权利要求2所述的割接器,其特征在于,还包括:电压电流测量显示电路(5); 所述电压电流测量显示电路(5)包括电流表(15)和与供电主回路总线进线(39)正负线相连接的电压表(22);所述电流表(15)与所述分流器FL1并联连接,用于测量所述分流器FL1上的负载电流,所述电压表(22)用于测量供电主回路总线进线(39)上的直流电压。 Cutover device according to claim 2, characterized in that, further comprising: measuring voltage and current display circuit (5); said voltage and current measuring display circuit (5) comprises an ammeter (15) and a main circuit power bus line (39) is connected to the positive and negative line voltage meter (22); said ammeter (15) connected in parallel with the shunt FL1, for measuring the load current on the shunt FL1, the voltmeter ( 22) for measuring the voltage across the DC power supply bus into the main circuit (39).
6. 根据权利要求1所述的割接器,其特征在于,所述供电主回路(3)连接有的DC/DC电路(4),所述DC/DC电路(4)用于将所述供电主回路总线进线(39)上的直流电压进行转换, 用于向所述控制单元(1)及其外围输入输出电路供电。 The cutover device according to claim 1, wherein said main power supply circuit (3) connected to some DC / DC circuit (4), the DC / DC circuit (4) for the DC voltage supply bus into the main circuit (39) for converting, for supplying the control unit (1) and peripheral input and output circuits.
7. 根据权利要求1所述的割接器,其特征在于,还包括:与所述控制单元(1)相连的语音播报电路(7)、极性接反告警指示电路(8)、和供电主回路分断按钮电路(9)。 The cutover device according to claim 1, characterized in that, further comprising: a voice with the control unit (1) connected to the broadcast circuit (7), reverse polarity alarm indication circuit (8), and a power supply button main circuit breaking circuit (9).
8. 根据权利要求7所述的割接器,其特征在于,所述语音播报电路(7)包括语音录、放-H-* LL 心片; 所述语音录、放芯片设有一个通信接口与所述控制单元(1)进行通信,控制语音录、放芯片播放语音,所述通信接口包含四条信号线,分别为SB、SCLK、MOSI和MISO,其中§§为片选信号线,SCLK为时钟信号线,MOSI为所述控制单元(1)向所述语音录、放芯片发送数据的信号线,MISO为所述语音录、放芯片向控制单元(1)发送数据的信号线。 Cutover device according to claim 7, characterized in that the voice announcement circuit (7) comprises a voice record and playback -H- * LL Tablet; the voice record and playback features a communications interface chip and the control unit (1) communicates control voice recording, the voice playback amplifier chip, the communication interface comprises four signal lines, respectively, SB, SCLK, MOSI and MISO, which is the chip select signal §§ line, SCLK is a clock signal line, MOSI to the control unit (1) to record the voice, data transmission signal line chip discharge, MISO of the voice record and playback chip transmits data to the control unit (1) signal lines.
9. 根据权利要求7所述的割接器,其特征在于,所述供电主回路分断按钮电路(9)包括串联连接的R12和分断按钮SB。 Cutover device according to claim 7, wherein said main power supply circuit breaking R12 button circuit (9) connected in series and comprising a breaking button SB.
10. 根据权利要求7所述的割接器,其特征在于,所述极性接反告警指示电路(8)包括串联连接的发光二极管LED4和限流电阻R11。 Cutover device according to claim 7, wherein said reverse polarity alarm indication circuit (8) comprises a light emitting diode LED4 and a serially connected current limiting resistor R11.
11. 一种使用割接器进行通信设备直流电源不间断在线割接方法,其特征在于,包括: 将所述割接器的供电主回路总线进线(39)通过进线(20)的进线正端(17)连接到直流供电系统的正排(28)上,通过进线(20)的进线负端(16)连接到直流供电系统的一路输出熔断器(31)上,将与出线(21)相连的所述正穿刺线夹(18)夹到通信设备正电源线(24) 上,将与出线(21)相连的负穿刺线夹(19)夹到通信设备负电源线(25)上; 通过所述检测与指示电路(6)检测所述正穿刺线夹(18)刺穿所述通信设备正电源线(24) 的绝缘层并与芯线连通的情况,检测所述负穿刺线夹(19)刺穿所述通信设备负电源线(25) 的绝缘层并与芯线连通的情况; 所述控制单元(1)若检测到上述两个连通情况同时存在,并且曾存在非同一时刻连通的情况,便向所述供电主回路通断驱动电路(2)发送接触 11. A communication device using the cutover is performed online uninterruptible DC power supply cutover method, comprising: a main circuit power supply line of the bus into the cutover filter (39) through an intake line (20) into positive end line (17) connected to a positive DC power supply system on the row (28), the negative terminal through an intake line (20) into the line (16) connected to one output of the DC power supply system fuse (31), with the outlet (21) connected to said n-piercing connector (18) clamped to the positive power line communication device (24), with the outlet (21) negative piercing connector (19) connected to a communication device interposed negative power source line ( 25); case by the detection and indication circuit (6) detects the positive piercing connector (18) piercing the positive power line communication device (24) in communication with the insulating layer and the core wire, said detecting negative piercing connector (19) piercing the negative power source line communication device (25) of the insulating layer and the case where the core wire communication; the control unit (1) upon detection of the presence of the two communication simultaneously, and had the same time the presence of non-communication, inform the main circuit power supply on-off drive circuit (2) transmits a contact 吸合指令,控制所述供电主回路(3 )中的接触器KM闭合,使得所述供电主回路(3 )内的供电主回路总线进线(39 )和供电主回路总线出线(40)之间连通,所述割接器向所述通信设备(23)供电; 所述控制单元(1)通过检测与指示电路(6)进行接触器吸合动作的检测,如果检测到接触器KM出现吸合动作,所述控制单元(1)控制语音播报电路(7)进行语音播报。 Close command for controlling the primary power supply circuit (3) in a closed contactor KM, such that the main circuit power supply into the main circuit bus lines (39) in (3) and the main circuit power supply bus line (40) of communication between the cutover device to the communication device (23) power supply; the control unit (1) for detecting contact by detecting a pull-in operation of the indicating circuit (6), if the detected absorption occurs contactor KM closing operation, the control unit (1) controls the voice announcement circuit (7) for voice broadcast. 对所述通信设备电源线实施不间断在线割接,将所述通信设备正电源线(24)从老直流供电系统(27)割接至新直流供电系统(32)的正排(28)上,将所述通信设备负电源线(25) 从老直流供电系统(27)割接至新直流供电系统(32)的一路熔断器(31)上。 The power line communication apparatus for continuous online cutover embodiment, the positive power line communication device (24) (27) cutover from the old system to the new DC power supply DC power supply system (32) is a positive displacement (28) , the negative power source line communication device (25) (27) cutover from the old system to the new DC power DC power supply system (32) all the way to the fuse (31).
12. 根据权利要求11所述的方法,其特征在于,还包括: 如果所述正穿刺线夹(18 )或所述负穿刺线夹(19 )与通信设备正电源线(24)或通信设备负电源线(25)之间存在极性接反情况,所述控制单元(1)驱动所述语音播报电路(7)发出语音警报,且同时驱动极性接反告警指示电路(8)中的发光二极管LED4闪烁并延时,直至极性接反情况消除; 和/或如果所述正穿刺线夹(18)连接到通信设备正电源线(24)时,LED3亮,所述负穿刺线夹(19)连接到通信设备负电源线(25)时,LED2亮,出现上述两种动作,所述控制单元(1)均会控制所述语音播报电路(7)进行语音播报; 和/或如果所述控制单元(1)检测到释放按钮SB动作,所述控制单元(1)通过供电主回路通断驱动电路(2)控制接触器KM释放,断开供电主回路(3)内的供电主回路总线进线(39)与供电主回路总线出线(40)之间 12. The method according to claim 11, characterized in that, further comprising: if the n-piercing connector (18) or the negative piercing connector (19) with the positive power line communication device (24) or communication device reverse polarity present case, the control unit (1) drives the voice announcement circuit (7) with an alarm tone, and at the same drive polarity reverse alarm indication circuit (8) between the negative power source line (25) LED4 LED blinks and the delay until the polarity reversal Eradication; and / or if the n-piercing connector (18) is connected to the positive power line communication device (24), LED3 light, the negative piercing connector when (19) is connected to the negative power source line communication device (25), LED2 light, the above two actions, the control unit (1) will control the voice announcement circuit (7) voice broadcast; and / or if said control unit (1) detects an operation of the release button SB, the control unit (1) via a power supply circuit driving off the main circuit (2) controlled release contactor KM, disconnect the main power supply in the main circuit (3) into the line between the return bus (39) and the main circuit power supply bus line (40) 连接,所述控制单元(1)通过检测与指示电路(6)再进行接触器有释放动作的检测; 和/或如果所述控制单元(1)通过检测与指示电路(6)检测到接触器KM出现释放动作,所述控制单元(1)控制语音播报电路(7 )进行语音播报。 Connected to a control unit (1) further has a contact detected by detecting release action indicating circuit (6); and / or if the control unit (1) detected by the detection and indication circuit (6) contacts KM release operation occurs, the control unit (1) controls the voice announcement circuit (7) for voice broadcast. 和/或从通信设备正电源线(24)上,松开并取下正穿刺线夹(18),从通信设备负电源线(25) 上,松开并取下负穿刺线夹(19),准备对下一个通信设备电源线的割接。 And / or from the communication device is power source line (24) to release and remove the n-piercing connector (18), the negative power source line from the communication device (25) to release and remove the negative piercing connector (19) , ready for the next cutover power line communication device.
CN201310210021.1A 2013-05-31 2013-05-31 Communication equipment DC source uninterruptedly online method for cutting over and cutover device CN104218660B (en)

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