CN104217612B - A kind of parking lot real-time intelligent vehicle guide system - Google Patents

A kind of parking lot real-time intelligent vehicle guide system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104217612B
CN104217612B CN201410348721.1A CN201410348721A CN104217612B CN 104217612 B CN104217612 B CN 104217612B CN 201410348721 A CN201410348721 A CN 201410348721A CN 104217612 B CN104217612 B CN 104217612B
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parking lot
module
vehicle
described
parking
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CN201410348721.1A
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CN104217612A (en
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刘全羽
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刘全羽
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Abstract

A kind of parking lot real-time intelligent vehicle guide system, comprising: central information processing module, and vehicle information sensor module, signal guides module, human-computer interaction module; Guidance mode in this system can be accomplished the guidance mode that bicycle list draws, parking personnel are solved without understanding in advance inner part of parking lot structure, the information such as parking spot, only just can complete full route guidance by native system, easily find applicable parking spot, and can be when vehicle driver wants to leave parking lot, parking lot is rolled in guiding away from, this system can select available parking places to put automatically, and the signal designation mode that guided vehicle travels is simple, easy to identify. The vehicle driver in parking lot and parking lot management personnel can also recognize by human-computer interaction module the number on present operable parking stall, distribution situation, and parking spot is set, greatly improve the efficiency of Parking.

Description

A kind of parking lot real-time intelligent vehicle guide system

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of car two guidance systems, especially a kind of parking lot real-time intelligent vehicle guide system based on using Internet of Things ICT and embedded technology.

Background technology

Automobile has been the indispensable vehicles of people's daily routines in society; along with the progressively raising of living standard; the quantity of automobile is also in continuous increase; the thing followed is exactly the anxiety on parking stall; the problem that parking stall difficulty is looked for is also just more and more outstanding; in some large-scale parking lot; particularly be divided into the underground parking of multilayer; in the anxiety of parking stall, often to, around a lot of circles, walk long time; just can find parking stall; so both wasted gasoline, contaminated air, also can delay time of people's preciousness.

In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, prior art provides a kind of vehicle guide system and method, for example:

1. Chinese Patent Application No. 201410114468.3, name are called " underground parking intelligent guidance system and bootstrap technique thereof ", the invention discloses underground parking intelligent guidance system and bootstrap technique thereof, mainly comprise cell-phone customer terminal, transportation server and underground parking farm monitoring system. Utilize smart mobile phone, gather GPS, GIS, mobile 3G technology, realize the fast finding of parking information, and guided vehicle enters parking lot. And brilliance control, idle parking stall measure and the vehicle of setting up the collection LED light fixture based on KNX bus in underground parking enter the intelligent monitor system of the intelligently guiding of parking stall, reach Energy Saving Control, improve service quality, create good underground parking environment. Improve traffic information system, vehicle and the underground parking of surface road motion are organically linked together, form the network of " Che-Lu-underground parking ", guided vehicle is convenient, fast to be entered parking lot and sails parking stall into.

2. Chinese Patent Application No. 201310711931.8, name are called the patent of " a kind of stopping guide system based on dynamic statistics ", a kind of stopping guide system based on dynamic statistics is disclosed, comprise data collecting system, central control system, guiding executive system, between system, connect by local area network communications module; Wherein, data collecting system comprises parking stall parking condition discriminating apparatus, passage vehicle statistic device, data acquisition unit; Central control system comprises data sink, database server, management server; Guiding executive system comprises avigation light bootstrap module, captions bootstrap module, voice guide module. The vehicle condition guiding car owner that system of the present invention can be added up on parking stall and region Park Lane in real time, simultaneously finds the parking stall of berthing, can be widely used in standby class parking lot, realize the demand of berthing that at utmost meets vehicle by limited parking lot resource, improve operational efficiency and the economic benefit in parking lot, and contribute to change the unfavorable situation of city parking position anxiety, there is good social benefit.

3. Chinese Patent Application No. 201110248824.7, name are called " a kind of stopping guide instruction and parking lot lighting integrated lamp ", the invention discloses a kind of (stopping guide instruction and parking lot lighting integrated lamp) for Parking intelligent guidance system and parking lot intelligent illuminating system, described (stopping guide instruction and parking lot lighting integrated lamp) is distributed in the front, parking stall in parking lot, is used to indicate parking space state, parking place dynamic lighting and can be used for traffic route instruction, route illumination; Described (stopping guide instruction and parking lot lighting integrated lamp) is used to indicate the information change on sensing point, described (stopping guide instruction and parking lot lighting integrated lamp), for route guiding, described (stopping guide instruction and parking lot lighting integrated lamp) throws light on for parking lot. The present invention is integrated in lamplight pointing and lighting in a housing by structural design, makes guiding instruction all reach best effects and be independent of each other with houselights. The present invention can form system by guide controller, also can independently form intelligent illuminating system, can not only save the electricity charge, also can save expensive transfer cable wire and complicated construction spending simultaneously, has also solved the difficult difficult problem that connects up.

The solution of above three kinds of vehicle parkings and system, although intelligent guidance system is provided, can accomplish the positional information of real-time monitoring vehicle, but go back the following shortcoming of outwardness: 1, avigation light bootstrap module, captions bootstrap module, voice guide module is arranged on respectively parking lot major trunk roads, the import and export in region, the top of target parking stall, in the middle of the distance of guided vehicle, having can not guidance field, can not accomplish continuous guiding, if there is unexpected traffic congestion and can not change guide line in parking lot, can not implement to change route guidance, guided vehicle directly enters parking stall continuously, be easier to occur misunderstanding sign, the situation of taking a wrong way, reduce parking efficiency and success rate.

2, use smart mobile phone set GPS, GIS, mobile 3G technology, realize the fast finding of parking information, and guided vehicle enters parking lot, this mode guides parking lot can free underground parking GPS, GIS, mobile 3G poor signal, the situation that impact is used, pilot signal is not directly perceived simultaneously, the safety problem that handheld mobile phone is watched when driving.

3, the outlet in a lot of parking lots and entrance be not at same position, and the guidance system in above parking lot, can only enter parking stall by discontinuous guide car vehicle, but can not roll parking lot away from by guided vehicle,

Summary of the invention

Technical problem to be solved by this invention is, a kind of parking lot real-time intelligent vehicle guide system is provided, guidance mode in this system can be accomplished the guidance mode that bicycle list draws, parking personnel are solved without understanding in advance inner part of parking lot structure, the information such as parking spot, only just can complete full route guidance by native system, easily find applicable parking spot, and can be when vehicle driver wants to leave parking lot, parking lot is rolled in guiding away from, this system can select available parking places to put automatically, the signal designation mode that guided vehicle travels is simple, easy to identify. the vehicle driver in parking lot and parking lot management personnel can also recognize by human-computer interaction module the number on present operable parking stall, and distribution situation, have greatly improved the efficiency of Parking.

A kind of parking lot of the present invention real-time intelligent vehicle guide system, comprising: central information processing module, and vehicle information sensor module, signal guides module, human-computer interaction module;

Illustrate as one, described human-computer interaction module comprises industrial computer, embedded device, panel computer, smart mobile phone, a kind of or combination in mobile embedded terminal device;

Described human-computer interaction module can be divided into two large classes according to user of service:

Vehicle driver's human-computer interaction module and parking lot management personnel human-computer interaction module;

Described human-computer interaction module is divided into two large classes according to occupation mode:

Portable human-computer interaction module and fixed human-computer interaction module;

Described fixed human-computer interaction module is arranged on the import and export in parking lot major trunk roads, region or parking lot management personnel and thinks and need the position that uses;

Described portable human-computer interaction module is that personnel are hand-held, does not need to install, and portable human-computer interaction module is not to use, and according to parking lot management personnel requirement, can use or not use;

The Main Function of described human-computer interaction module is the tie exchanging between people and guidance system, and its major function is:

1. show parking lot information;

2. receive the information of vehicle driver and parking lot management personnel input;

3. carry out data communication by network and central information processing module, show the information that central information processing module sends over, and the information of parking personnel and parking lot management personnel input is sent back to central information processing module.

Illustrate as one, described vehicle information sensor module comprises sensor, embedded main control board and shell etc.

Described sensor can use; A kind of or combination in ultrasonic wave transmitting/receiving sensor, earth induction sensor, infrared ray range sensor, image information identification sensor, shock sensor, rfid sensor.

These several combinations, according to actual conditions such as the weather of the position in parking lot, locality, are selected to be used singly or in combination. Certainly, vehicle information sensor module is not limited to the combination in above-mentioned giving an example.

Described vehicle information sensor module is arranged on top, below or the side on route or travel by vehicle and parking stall in order continuously, and parking lot management personnel think need use position.

Described vehicle information sensor module possesses the ability of continuous detecting vehicle state.

The major function of described vehicle information sensor module is positional information and transport condition that can detecting vehicle, and with described central information processing module by network communication, send the vehicle position information detecting and transport condition information to central information processing module.

Illustrate as one, described signal guides module to comprise luminescence unit, embedded main control board and shell etc., and described embedded main control board comprises: cpu controller unit, power supply stabilization circuit, data communication circuit and luminous unit driving circuit etc.; Luminescence unit is can luminescent device for what send index signal, as LED lamp, and incandescent lamp, screen that can be luminous etc.

Described signal guides module peace to be arranged on continuously top, below or the side on route or travel by vehicle and parking stall according to order, and parking lot management personnel think and need the position of installing, and can form continuous index signal and travel for guided vehicle.

It is to carry out information communication with central information processing module by network that described signal guides the effect of module, and carries out status adjustment according to the information of central information processing module, and guided vehicle travels.

Illustrate as one, described central information processing module comprises a kind of or combination in commercial server, PC, industrial computer, embedded device.

Illustrate as one, according to the layout in parking lot, the main installation site of described central information processing module can be arranged in the room in parking lot, wall or outdoor placement etc. are located.

Illustrate as one, according to the size in parking lot, described central information processing module can be used one group or many groups, between each group, can carry out network information communication.

Described central information processing module major function is:

1. carry out data communication by network and vehicle information sensor module, obtain state, the positional information of vehicle in parking lot.

2. carry out information communication by network and human-computer interaction module, obtain driver and parking lot management personnel's configuration information.

By with human-computer interaction module and vehicle information sensor module communication, obtain state, positional information and personnel's configuration information of vehicle, the row operation processing of going forward side by side, the parking stall that counts vehicle traffic congestion information in vacant parking space information, parking lot and planning Vehicle Driving Cycle circuit and will use.

4. the state of the vehicle in parking lot calculation process being obtained, positional information, the information such as the surplus on parking stall, send to human-computer interaction module by network communication.

5. vehicle guidance information calculation process being obtained, sends to signal and guides module.

Described network communication mode in native system is divided into wired and wireless messages communication, and the technology of its use comprises standard or the non-standard communication modes such as Ethernet, WIFI, Zigbee, bluetooth, CAN bus, RS485, RFID.

The driver of vehicle driver described in native system for needing to stop in parking lot.

Beneficial effect of the present invention: the advanced science and technology in this system utilization reason generation, by vehicle information sensor module, signal guides module, human-computer interaction module and central information processing module combine by network communication, effectively solve the problem of traditional parking difficulty, guide module to be installed on the route and parking stall in parking lot vehicle information sensor module and signal, thereby accomplish the whole process guiding of vehicle in parking lot, accelerate the parking success efficiency in parking lot, save down time, native system has powerful autgmentability, can be according to customer requirement, increase the simple devices such as lock road, also can realize tradition charge, calendar scheduling function.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the structure principle chart of a kind of parking lot of the present invention real-time intelligent vehicle guide system

Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram that illustrates of the layout of a kind of parking lot of the present invention real-time intelligent vehicle guide system and operation

Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram that illustrates of a kind of parking lot of the present invention real-time intelligent vehicle guide system interactive interface of being positioned at porch human-computer interaction module

Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram that illustrates of a kind of parking lot of the present invention real-time intelligent vehicle guide system interactive interface of being positioned at parking stall human-computer interaction module

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is described in further detail, but embodiments of the present invention are not limited to the scope that embodiment represents.

Refer to shown in accompanying drawing 1 to 3, a kind of parking lot of the present invention real-time intelligent vehicle guide system, comprising: central information processing module, and vehicle information sensor module, signal guides module, human-computer interaction module;

Illustrate as one, described human-computer interaction module comprises industrial computer, embedded device, panel computer, smart mobile phone, a kind of or combination in mobile embedded terminal device;

Described human-computer interaction module can be divided into two large classes according to user of service:

Vehicle driver's human-computer interaction module and parking lot management personnel human-computer interaction module;

Described human-computer interaction module is divided into two large classes according to occupation mode:

Portable human-computer interaction module and fixed human-computer interaction module;

Described fixed human-computer interaction module is arranged on the import and export in parking lot major trunk roads, region or parking lot management personnel and thinks and need the position that uses;

Described portable human-computer interaction module is that personnel are hand-held, is mainly used in the various information in the understanding parking lot that parking lot staff can be mobile in real time, and portable human-computer interaction module can use panel computer, and smart mobile phone does not need to install;

The Main Function of described human-computer interaction module is the tie exchanging between people and guidance system, and its major function is:

1. show parking lot information;

2. receive the information of vehicle driver and parking lot management personnel input;

3. carry out data communication by network and central information processing module, show the information that central information processing module sends over, and the information of parking personnel and parking lot management personnel input is sent back to central information processing module.

Illustrate as one, vehicle information sensor module in present case comprises ultrasonic wave transmitting/receiving sensor, embedded main control board and shell etc., and embedded main control board comprises: cpu controller unit, power supply stabilization circuit, data communication circuit and ultrasonic wave transmitting/receiving sensor drive driving circuit etc.

Described vehicle information sensor module is arranged on top, below or the side on route or travel by vehicle and parking stall in order continuously, and parking lot management personnel and workmen think and need the position that uses.

Described vehicle information sensor module possesses the ability of continuous detecting vehicle state.

The major function of described vehicle information sensor module is positional information and transport condition that can detecting vehicle, and with described central information processing module by network communication, send the vehicle position information detecting and transport condition information to central information processing module.

Illustrate as one, described signal guides module to comprise luminescence unit and embedded main control board and shell etc., and described embedded main control board comprises: cpu controller unit, power supply stabilization circuit, data communication circuit and luminous unit driving circuit etc. What in present case, the luminescence unit of signal guide module used is high brightness color LED lamp.

Described signal guides module peace to be arranged on continuously top, below or the side on route or travel by vehicle and parking stall according to order, and parking lot management personnel think and need the position of installing, and can form continuous index signal and travel for guided vehicle.

It is to carry out information communication with central information processing module by network that described signal guides the effect of module, and carries out status adjustment according to the information of central information processing module, and guided vehicle travels.

Illustrate as one, described central information processing module can be used commercial server, PC, industrial computer, embedded device etc., for the requirement of parking lot stability, uses industrial computer as central information processing module in this example.

Illustrate as one, according to the layout in parking lot, the main installation site of described central information processing module can be arranged on indoor, the wall in parking lot or outdoor placement etc.

Illustrate as one, according to the size in parking lot, described central information processing module can be used one group or many groups, between each group, can carry out network information communication.

Described central information processing module major function is:

1. carry out data communication by network and vehicle information sensor module, obtain state, the positional information of vehicle in parking lot.

2. carry out information communication by network and human-computer interaction module, obtain driver and parking lot management personnel's configuration information.

By with human-computer interaction module and vehicle information sensor module communication, obtain state, positional information and personnel's configuration information of vehicle, the row operation processing of going forward side by side, counts vehicle traffic congestion information in vacant parking space information, parking lot and planning Vehicle Driving Cycle circuit and the information such as the parking stall that will use.

4. the state of the vehicle in parking lot calculation process being obtained, positional information, the information such as the surplus on parking stall, send to human-computer interaction module by network communication.

5. vehicle guidance information calculation process being obtained, sends to signal and guides module.

Described network communication mode in native system is divided into wired and wireless messages communication, and the technology of its use comprises standard or the non-standard communication modes such as Ethernet, WIFI, Zigbee, bluetooth, CAN bus, RS485.

The driver of vehicle driver described in native system for needing to stop in parking lot.

As shown in Figure 1, whole guidance system is divided into central information processing module, vehicle information sensor module, and signal guides module, human-computer interaction module. Vehicle information sensor module, signal guides module, and human-computer interaction module and central information processing module are by RS485 technology connecting communication.

As shown in Figure 2, in case study on implementation, the human-computer interaction module of native system is divided into 3 types:

1. human-computer interaction module A type is arranged on the side on each parking stall, and its interactive interface is in annex shown in Fig. 4. The effect of this type human-computer interaction module is that car owner uses need to leave parking lot time. What this type human-computer interaction module used is the embedded device of independent research, comprises display screen, button, electron master control plate and shell etc.

2. human-computer interaction module Type B is arranged on the porch in parking lot, and as shown in Figure 3, effect is to understand the situation in parking lot and parking spot is set with the vehicle driver who helps to enter parking lot to use to its interactive interface. What this type human-computer interaction module used is the embedded device of independent research, comprises display screen, button, electron master control plate and shell etc.

3. human-computer interaction module C type is arranged on parking lot management chamber, and effect is the state that parking attendant can understand parking lot, and the state of parking lot guidance system also can be set. What this type human-computer interaction module used is PC.

As shown in Figure 2, vehicle information sensor module and signal guide module to be arranged in the traffic route in parking lot and parking stall on, vehicle information sensor module is arranged on driving road surface continuously, monitoring vehicle transport condition in real time, signal guides module to be arranged on continuously on driving road surface, and guided vehicle travels continuously.

As shown in Figure 2, vehicle A enters the vehicle will stopping in parking lot, in the time entering into Entrance, by being arranged on the interactive interface on the human-computer interaction module Type B of porch, as shown in Figure 3, understand the quantity on present parking stall, and press the button of wanting the region of stopping. In present case, client supresses the button in Xiang Qu D district, and now system has been cooked up traffic route, and control signal bootstrap module flash of light, as shown in Figure 2, is flash state in the signal guidance module of the filling black in vehicle A front. Vehicle A travels according to the instruction of the flash of light of signal guidance module, finds parking spot, completes docking process.

As shown in Figure 2, vehicle B is for having stopped, want to leave the vehicle in parking lot, vehicle driver is by pressing the button of wanting to leave parking lot in human-computer interaction module A type, now guidance system starts, and calculates the optimal route that leaves parking lot, and the flash of light of control signal bootstrap module, as shown in Figure 2, be flash state in the signal guidance module of the filling black in vehicle B front. Vehicle B travels according to the instruction of the flash of light of signal guidance module, completes the parking lot process of leaving.

This system is utilized modern advanced science and technology, guide module, human-computer interaction module and central information processing module to combine by network communication vehicle information sensor module, signal, effectively solve the problem of traditional parking difficulty, guide module to be installed on the route and parking stall in parking lot vehicle information sensor module and signal, thereby accomplish the whole process guiding of vehicle in parking lot, accelerate the parking success efficiency in parking lot, save down time.

Above-described is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention; institute is understood that; the explanation of above embodiment is just for helping to understand method of the present invention and core concept thereof; the protection domain being not intended to limit the present invention; all any amendments of making, be equal to replacement etc., within protection scope of the present invention all should be included within thought of the present invention and principle.

Claims (6)

1. a parking lot real-time intelligent vehicle guide system, is characterized in that, comprising: central information processing module, and vehicle information sensor module, signal guides module, human-computer interaction module;
Described human-computer interaction module is industrial computer, embedded device, panel computer, smart mobile phone, a kind of or combination in mobile embedded terminal device;
Described human-computer interaction module can be divided into two large classes according to user of service:
Vehicle driver's human-computer interaction module and parking lot management personnel human-computer interaction module;
Described human-computer interaction module is divided into two large classes according to occupation mode:
Portable human-computer interaction module and fixed human-computer interaction module;
Described fixed human-computer interaction module is arranged on the import and export in parking lot major trunk roads, region or parking lot management personnel and thinks and need the position that uses;
Described portable human-computer interaction module is that personnel are hand-held, does not need to install, and portable human-computer interaction module is not to use, and according to parking lot management personnel requirement, can use or not use;
The Main Function of described human-computer interaction module is the tie exchanging between people and guidance system;
Described vehicle information sensor module comprises sensor, embedded main control board and shell;
Described vehicle information sensor module is arranged on top, below or the side on route or travel by vehicle and parking stall in order continuously, and parking lot management personnel think need use position;
Described vehicle information sensor module possesses the ability of continuous detecting vehicle state;
The major function of described vehicle information sensor module is positional information and transport condition that can detecting vehicle, and with described central information processing module by network communication, send the vehicle position information detecting and transport condition information to central information processing module;
Described signal guides module to comprise luminescence unit, embedded main control board and shell;
Described embedded main control board comprises: cpu controller unit, power supply stabilization circuit, data communication circuit and luminous unit driving circuit;
Described signal guides module peace to be arranged on continuously top, below or the side on route or travel by vehicle and parking stall according to order, and parking lot management personnel think and need the position of installing, and can form continuous index signal and travel for guided vehicle;
It is to carry out information communication with central information processing module by network that described signal guides the effect of module, and carries out status adjustment according to the information of central information processing module, and guided vehicle travels;
Described central information processing module is a kind of or combination in commercial server, PC, industrial computer, embedded device;
According to the layout in parking lot, the main installation site of described central information processing module can be arranged in the room in parking lot, wall or outdoor placement.
2. a kind of parking lot according to claim 1 real-time intelligent vehicle guide system, is characterized in that, described luminescence unit is LED lamp, incandescent lamp or screen that can be luminous.
3. a kind of parking lot according to claim 1 real-time intelligent vehicle guide system, is characterized in that, described vehicle information sensor module possesses the ability of continuous detecting vehicle state.
4. a kind of parking lot according to claim 1 real-time intelligent vehicle guide system, it is characterized in that, the sensor in described vehicle information sensor module is a kind of or combination in ultrasonic wave transmitting/receiving sensor, earth induction sensor, infrared ray range sensor, image information identification sensor, shock sensor or rfid sensor.
5. a kind of parking lot according to claim 1 real-time intelligent vehicle guide system, is characterized in that, described central information processing module can be used one group or many groups, between each group, can carry out network information communication.
6. a kind of parking lot according to claim 1 real-time intelligent vehicle guide system, is characterized in that, described network communication mode is wired and wireless messages communication.
CN201410348721.1A 2014-07-22 2014-07-22 A kind of parking lot real-time intelligent vehicle guide system CN104217612B (en)

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