CN104207757A - Safety monitoring equipment and method for infant - Google Patents

Safety monitoring equipment and method for infant Download PDF

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CN104207757A
CN104207757A CN 201410504925 CN201410504925A CN104207757A CN 104207757 A CN104207757 A CN 104207757A CN 201410504925 CN201410504925 CN 201410504925 CN 201410504925 A CN201410504925 A CN 201410504925A CN 104207757 A CN104207757 A CN 104207757A
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signal
microprocessor
equipment
terminal
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CN 201410504925
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蒋耀亮
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天津葆贝科技发展有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses safety monitoring equipment and a safety monitoring method for an infant. The safety monitoring equipment comprises wearing equipment, wherein a signal acquisition terminal and a signal receiving terminal are arranged on the wearing equipment; the signal receiving terminal is used for receiving the information of the signal acquisition terminal; a signal acquisition part comprises a three-axis acceleration sensor, an MEMS (Micro Electro Mechanical System), a first microprocessor, an information storage module, a signal input module, a first wireless communication module, a positioning module and a power module; the three-axis acceleration sensor is electrically connected with the first microprocessor through an analog-to-digital converter; an I/O (input/output) port of the first microprocessor is electrically connected with the information storage module, the signal input module, the first wireless communication module and the positioning module through data lines respectively; the power module is electrically connected with power terminals of the first microprocessor and the MEMS; the signal receiving terminal comprises a second microprocessor; a second wireless communication module and a signal output module are connected to an I/O port of the second microprocessor.

Description

婴幼儿用的安全监测设备及其监测方法 Security monitoring devices for infants and monitoring methods

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及参数监测技术领域,特别是涉及一种婴幼儿用的安全监测设备及其监测方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a parameter monitoring technology, and particularly relates to a safety monitoring apparatus and a monitoring method for use in infants.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 近年来,随着科技的日益进步,人类的生活节奏不断加快,社会分工也越来越细致,因此,越来越多的父母选择由保姆或者是幼教帮忙照顾婴幼儿;众所周知,照顾或者教育幼儿过程是一个比较漫长而又复杂的过程,由于这项工作不但需要一定的基础知识,同时需要很大的耐心;因此,当保姆或者是幼教的文化水平和道德水平参差不齐时,婴幼儿受虐案件时有发生,因此,婴幼儿安全监控系统随之产生,目前,传统的婴幼儿安全监控系统主要是在婴幼儿活动场所装设监控器,但是实践发现,这一传统的技术存在很大的局限性; 比如监控范围比较固定,同时存在很多的死角,当婴幼儿不处于监控范围内时,则无法及时掌握婴幼儿可能受到的伤害;同时,保姆或者是幼教时长属于监控器下工作,在一定程度上涉及到个人隐私的问题。 [0002] In recent years, with the increasing advances in technology, human pace of life continues to accelerate, the social division of labor more and more detailed, and therefore, more and more parents choose a nanny to help take care or preschool infants and young children; we all know, take care of early childhood education or a process is relatively long and complex process, since this work not only requires some basic knowledge, but need a lot of patience; therefore, nurse or early childhood education and cultural level of ethical standards when mixed, infants have this tradition of technology occurs when the battered case, therefore, the infant safety monitoring system will produce, at present, traditional infant safety monitoring system is mainly installed in the infant monitor activities, but in practice found significant limitations; such as monitoring range is relatively fixed, there are a lot of dead ends at the same time, when the infant is not within the scope of monitoring, they can not grasp the infant may suffer damage; the same time, long-time nanny or part of preschool monitor at work, to a certain extent, it involves the issue of personal privacy. 因此,涉及开发一种能够解决上述问题的婴幼儿用的安全监测设备及其监测方法显得是尤为重要。 Therefore, to develop an infant can solve the above problems with the safety monitoring device and monitoring method appears to be particularly important.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明要解决的技术问题是:提供一种准确率高、同时集定位、测量撞击、语音采集于一体的婴幼儿用的安全监测设备及其监测方法。 [0003] The present invention is to solve the technical problem are: to provide a high accuracy, while combining positioning, measurement impact, the safety monitoring device and monitoring method in one of the voice collecting for baby.

[0004] 本发明为解决公知技术中存在的技术问题所采取的技术方案是: [0004] The present invention is to solve the technical problems present in the known art technical solutions are adopted:

[0005] -种婴幼儿用的安全监测设备,包括便于婴幼儿随身携带的穿戴设备,在所述穿戴设备上装载有信号采集终端,以及用于接收信号采集终端信息的信号接收终端;其中: [0006] 所述信号采集部件包括三轴加速度传感器、陀螺仪传感器、第一微处理器、信息存储模块、信号输入模块、第一无线通信模块、定位模块、以及电源模块;其中:所述三轴加速度传感器和陀螺仪传感器分别通过模数转换器与第一微处理器电连接,所述第一微处理器的I/O端口通过数据线分别与信息存储模块、信号输入模块、第一无线通信模块、定位模块电连接;所述电源模块与第一微处理器的电源端子电连接; [0005] - a kind of infant safety monitoring device, comprising a wearable device to facilitate carrying the infant in the wearable device is loaded with a signal acquisition terminal, a receiving terminal and a signal terminal for receiving signal information collected; wherein: [0006] the signal collecting means comprises a triaxial acceleration sensor, a gyro sensor, a first microprocessor, information storage module, input module, a first wireless communication module, a positioning module, and a power supply module; wherein: said three axis acceleration sensor and a gyro sensor and a first analog to digital converter respectively electrically connected to the microprocessor, the first microprocessor I / O port through the data lines are information storage module, input module, a first radio a communication module, electrically connected to the positioning module; power supply terminal of the power module is connected to the first microprocessor;

[0007] 所述信号接收终端包括第二微处理器,所述第二微处理器的I/O端口上连接有与第一无线通信模块进行数据交换的第二无线通信模块和信号输出模块。 The [0007] signal receiving terminal comprises a second microprocessor, said second microprocessor I is connected to a second wireless communication module and output module to exchange data with the first wireless communication module / O ports on.

[0008] 作为优选技术方案,本发明还采用了如下的技术特征: [0008] As a preferred aspect, the present invention also adopts the following technical features:

[0009] 所述第一微处理器内设置有加速度阈值aw、时间阈值1^、以及计时模块。 The [0009] microprocessor is provided with a first acceleration threshold AW, 1 ^ time threshold, and a timing module.

[0010] 所述信号采集部件还包括与第一微处理器电连接的语音采集模块。 The [0010] signal collection means further includes a voice acquisition module electrically connected to the first microprocessor.

[0011] 所述信号米集部件还包括微机电系统MEMS,所述微机电系统MEMS嵌入有微重力传感器、压力传感器、皮肤电导率传感器、心率传感器、以及温度传感器;所述微机电系统MEMS与第一微处理器通过数据线连接。 [0011] The set of signal meter means comprises a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) further, the embedded micro-electromechanical system MEMS micro-gravity sensor, a pressure sensor, a skin conductivity sensor, a heart rate sensor, and a temperature sensor; microelectromechanical system (MEMS) and the The first microprocessor is connected via a data line.

[0012] 所述穿戴设备为手环、手表、眼镜、背包中的一种;所述第一无线通信模块为蓝牙bluetooth 模块、RFID 模块、IR 模块、WIFI 模块,WIMAX 模块,ZigBee 模块、UWB 模块、GPRS 模块、WCDMA模块、GSM模块、TDCDMA模块、LTE模块中的一种。 [0012] The wearable device is a bracelet, watches, glasses, a backpack; the first wireless bluetooth communication module is a Bluetooth module, the RFID module, the IR module, WIFI module, WIMAX module, ZigBee module, UWB module , GPRS module, WCDMA module, GSM module, TDCDMA module, LTE module of one.

[0013] 一种婴幼儿用的安全监测设备的监测方法,包括如下步骤: [0013] The method of monitoring a safety monitoring device for infants, comprising the steps of:

[0014] 101)、向第一微处理器内输入阈值评价参数yw、权重系数A、以及权重系数B的数值; [0014] 101), the input threshold YW evaluation parameters, the first microprocessor to the right weighting coefficients A, B and the value of weight coefficients;

[0015] 102)、三轴加速度传感器实时/定时对婴幼儿的加速度a纟进行监测,陀螺仪传感器对婴幼儿的转身角速度^^进行实时/定时监测,并将加速度和转身角速度VA发送给第一微处理器;同时定位模块实时/定时对婴幼儿的位置进行监测,并将监测结果发送给第一微处理器;第一微处理器根据公式y = Aa@+BVA ;其中y为综合评价参数;将综合评价参数y与阈值评价参数y «进行比较,当y大于y «时,则执行步骤103 ; [0015] 102), the triaxial acceleration sensor in real time / timing of the acceleration of a monitored infant Si, turn angular velocity of the gyro sensor ^^ infants real time / timing monitoring angular velocity and acceleration, and turning to a second VA a microprocessor; real-time simultaneous localization module / timing position infants were monitored and the monitoring result to the first microprocessor; first microprocessor according to the equation y = Aa @ + BVA; wherein y is evaluation parameter; comprehensive evaluation value of the evaluation parameter y with a threshold parameter y «compared when y is greater than y«, execute step 103;

[0016] 103)、第一微处理器通过第一无线通信模块将加速度a纟、转身角速度、综合评价参数y、位置信息发送给第二无线通信模块,第二无线通信模块将接收到的加速度和位置信息发送给第二微处理器,随后第二微处理器通过数据输出模块将加速度ay转身角速度VA、综合评价参数y进行输出;所述数据输出模块为图像显示器、声光指示器中的一种。 [0016] 103), the first microprocessor by the first wireless communication module to transmit a Si acceleration, turn angular velocity, comprehensive evaluation parameter y, the position information to the second wireless communication module, the second wireless communication module received acceleration and the location information transmitted to the second microprocessor, followed by a second microprocessor via the data output module acceleration ay turn angular velocity VA, and outputs the comprehensive evaluation parameter y; the data output as an image display module, a sound and light indicators one kind.

[0017] 一种婴幼儿用的安全监测设备的监测方法,包括如下步骤: [0017] The method of monitoring a safety monitoring device for infants, comprising the steps of:

[0018] 201)、向第一微处理器内输入阈值评价参数yw、权重系数A、以及权重系数B的数值; [0018] 201), the input threshold YW evaluation parameters, the first microprocessor to the right weighting coefficients A, B and the value of weight coefficients;

[0019] 202)、三轴加速度传感器实时/定时对婴幼儿的加速度进行监测,陀螺仪传感器对婴幼儿的转身角速度^^进行实时/定时监测,并将加速度和转身角速度VA发送给第一微处理器;同时定位模块实时/定时对婴幼儿的位置进行监测,并将监测结果发送给第一微处理器;当在时间阈值T w内,始终大于3"时,则执行步骤203 ; [0019] 202), the triaxial acceleration sensor in real time / timing monitoring acceleration infants, turn angular velocity of the gyro sensor ^^ infants real time / timing monitoring angular velocity and acceleration, and turned to a first micro VA a processor; real-time simultaneous localization module / timing position infants were monitored and transmitted to the first microprocessor monitoring result; when the time threshold value T w, is always greater than 3 ", step 203 is performed;

[0020] 203)、第一微处理器根据公式y = Aa合+BVA ;其中y为综合评价参数;将综合评价参数y与阈值评价参数y «进行比较,当y大于y «时,则执行步骤204 ; [0020] 203), the first microprocessor according to the equation y = Aa co + BVA; wherein y is a comprehensive evaluation parameter; comprehensive evaluation value of the evaluation parameter y with a threshold parameter y «compared when y is greater than y«, is executed step 204;

[0021] 204)、第一微处理器通过第一无线通信模块将加速度ay转身角速度、综合评价参数y、位置信息发送给第二无线通信模块,第二无线通信模块将接收到的加速度和位置信息发送给第二微处理器,随后第二微处理器通过数据输出模块将加速度ay转身角速度VA、综合评价参数y进行输出;所述数据输出模块为图像显示器、声光指示器中的一种。 [0021] 204), the first microprocessor by the first wireless communication module will turn the angular velocity acceleration ay, transmission parameters Evaluation y, the position information to the second wireless communication module, the second wireless communication module received acceleration and position information is transmitted to the second microprocessor, followed by a second microprocessor via the data output module acceleration ay turn angular velocity VA, and outputs the comprehensive evaluation parameter y; the data output as an image display module, a sound and light indicators .

[0022] 一种婴幼儿用的安全监测设备的监测方法,包括如下步骤: [0022] The method of monitoring a safety monitoring device for infants, comprising the steps of:

[0023] 301)、向第一微处理器内输入阈值评价参数yw、权重系数A、以及权重系数B的数值; [0023] 301), the input threshold YW evaluation parameters, the first microprocessor to the right weighting coefficients A, B and the value of weight coefficients;

[0024] 302)、三轴加速度传感器实时/定时对婴幼儿的加速度进行监测,陀螺仪传感器对婴幼儿的转身角速度^^进行实时/定时监测,并将加速度和转身角速度VA发送给第一微处理器;同时定位模块实时/定时对婴幼儿的位置进行监测,并将监测结果发送给第一微处理器;当大于3"时,则启动语音采集模块,并将采集到的语音信息发送给信号接收终端;当在时间阈值T w内,始终大于awW,则执行步骤303 ; [0024] 302), the triaxial acceleration sensor in real time / timing monitoring acceleration infants, turn angular velocity of the gyro sensor ^^ infants real time / timing monitoring angular velocity and acceleration, and turned to a first micro VA a processor; real-time simultaneous localization module / timing position infants were monitored and the monitoring result to a first microprocessor; when more than 3, "the voice acquisition module is started, and store the collected information to the voice signal receiving terminal; when the time threshold value T w, is always greater than AWW, step 303 is executed;

[0025] 303)、第一微处理器根据公式y = Aa合+BVA ;其中y为综合评价参数;将综合评价参数y与阈值评价参数y «进行比较,当y大于y «时,则执行步骤304 ; [0025] 303), the first microprocessor according to the equation y = Aa co + BVA; wherein y is a comprehensive evaluation parameter; comprehensive evaluation value of the evaluation parameter y with a threshold parameter y «compared when y is greater than y«, is executed step 304;

[0026] 304)、第一微处理器通过第一无线通信模块将加速度ay转身角速度、综合评价参数y、位置信息发送给第二无线通信模块,第二无线通信模块将接收到的加速度和位置信息发送给第二微处理器,随后第二微处理器通过数据输出模块将加速度ay转身角速度VA、综合评价参数y进行输出;所述数据输出模块为图像显示器、声光指示器中的一种。 [0026] 304), the first microprocessor by the first wireless communication module will turn the angular velocity acceleration ay, transmission parameters Evaluation y, the position information to the second wireless communication module, the second wireless communication module received acceleration and position information is transmitted to the second microprocessor, followed by a second microprocessor via the data output module acceleration ay turn angular velocity VA, and outputs the comprehensive evaluation parameter y; the data output as an image display module, a sound and light indicators .

[0027] -种婴幼儿用的安全监测设备的监测方法,包括如下步骤: [0027] - Monitoring kinds of safety monitoring devices for infants, comprising the steps of:

[0028] 401)、向第一微处理器内输入阈值评价参数7"、权重系数A、权重系数B、权重系数C、权重系数D、权重系数E、权重系数F、权重系数G的数值; [0028] 401), the threshold evaluation input into the first microprocessor parameter 7 ", the weighting factor A, the weight coefficients B, the weight coefficient C, a weight coefficient D weighting factor E, the weighting factor F., A weight coefficient value of G;

[0029] 402)、三轴加速度传感器实时/定时对婴幼儿的加速度进行监测,陀螺仪传感器对婴幼儿的转身角速度^^进行实时/定时监测,并将加速度和转身角速度VA发送给第一微处理器;微机电系统MEMS实时/定时对婴幼儿的重力加速度、皮肤承受压力Ng、 皮肤电导率该变量Λ 4、心率变化量Λ &以及体温变化量Λ ^进行监测,同时定位模块实时/定时对婴幼儿的位置进行监测,并将监测结果发送给第一微处理器;当在时间阈值Tw 内,a纟始终大于a "时,则执行步骤403 ; [0029] 402), the triaxial acceleration sensor in real time / timing monitoring acceleration infants, turn angular velocity of the gyro sensor ^^ infants real time / timing monitoring angular velocity and acceleration, and turned to a first micro VA a processor; microelectromechanical system (MEMS) real time / timing gravitational infants, Ng, the skin under pressure, skin conductance of the variable Λ 4, the amount of change in heart rate and body temperature variation Λ & Λ ^ and the detected real-time positioning module / timing the position of the infant monitored, and transmits monitoring results to the first microprocessor; when the time threshold Tw, a Si always greater than a ", execute step 403;

[0030] 4〇3)、第一微处理器根据公式y = Aa合+BV角+Ca重+DN压+ΕΛ电+FA心+GA温;其中y为综合评价参数;将综合评价参数y与阈值评价参数7«进行比较,当y大于7«时,则执行步骤404 ; [0030] 4〇3), the first microprocessor according to the equation y = Aa + BV engagement angular weight + DN + Ca + ΕΛ electrical voltage + GA + FA core temperature; wherein y is a comprehensive evaluation parameter; comprehensive evaluation parameter y evaluation of the parameter with a threshold value 7 «compared, when y is greater than 7«, execute step 404;

[0031] 404)、第一微处理器通过第一无线通信模块将加速度ay转身角速度、综合评价参数y、位置信息发送给第二无线通信模块,第二无线通信模块将接收到的加速度和位置信息发送给第二微处理器,随后第二微处理器通过数据输出模块将加速度ay转身角速度VA、综合评价参数y进行输出;所述数据输出模块为图像显示器、声光指示器中的一种。 [0031] 404), the first microprocessor by the first wireless communication module will turn the angular velocity acceleration ay, transmission parameters Evaluation y, the position information to the second wireless communication module, the second wireless communication module received acceleration and position information is transmitted to the second microprocessor, followed by a second microprocessor via the data output module acceleration ay turn angular velocity VA, and outputs the comprehensive evaluation parameter y; the data output as an image display module, a sound and light indicators .

[0032] 一种婴幼儿用的安全监测设备的监测方法,包括如下步骤: [0032] The method of monitoring a safety monitoring device for infants, comprising the steps of:

[0033] 501)、向第一微处理器内输入阈值评价参数^、权重系数A、权重系数B、权重系数C、权重系数D、权重系数E、权重系数F、权重系数G的数值; [0033] 501), input into the first microprocessor threshold value of the evaluation parameter ^ weighting factor A, the weight coefficients B, the weight coefficient C, a weight coefficient D weighting factor E, the weighting factor F., A weight coefficient value of G;

[0034] 502)、三轴加速度传感器实时/定时对婴幼儿的加速度进行监测,陀螺仪传感器对婴幼儿的转身角速度^^进行实时/定时监测,并将加速度和转身角速度VA发送给第一微处理器;微机电系统MEMS实时/定时对婴幼儿的重力加速度、皮肤承受压力Ng、 皮肤电导率该变量Λ 4、心率变化量Λ &以及体温变化量Λ ^进行监测,同时定位模块实时/定时对婴幼儿的位置进行监测,并将监测结果发送给第一微处理器;当ae大于aw时, 则启动语音采集模块,并将采集到的语音信息发送给信号接收终端;当在时间阈值T w内,a A始终大于a "时,则执行步骤503 ; [0034] 502), the triaxial acceleration sensor in real time / timing monitoring acceleration infants, turn angular velocity of the gyro sensor ^^ infants real time / timing monitoring angular velocity and acceleration, and turned to a first micro VA a processor; microelectromechanical system (MEMS) real time / timing gravitational infants, Ng, the skin under pressure, skin conductance of the variable Λ 4, the amount of change in heart rate and body temperature variation Λ & Λ ^ and the detected real-time positioning module / timing the position of the infant monitored, and the monitoring result to a first microprocessor; ae is larger than when the AW, then start a voice acquisition module, and transmits the collected voice information signal to a receiving terminal; when the time threshold T when the w, a A is always greater than a ", execute step 503;

[0035] 5〇3)、第一微处理器根据公式y = Aa合+BV角+Ca重+DN压+ΕΛ电+ΕΛ心+GA温;其中y为综合评价参数;将综合评价参数y与阈值评价参数7«进行比较,当y大于7«时,则执行步骤504 ; [0035] 5〇3), the first microprocessor according to the equation y = Aa + BV engagement angular weight + DN + Ca + ΕΛ voltage electrical heart + GA + ΕΛ temperature; wherein y is a comprehensive evaluation parameter; comprehensive evaluation parameter y evaluation of the parameter with a threshold value 7 «compared, when y is greater than 7«, step 504 is performed;

[0036] 504)、第一微处理器通过第一无线通信模块将加速度转身角速度、综合评价参数y、位置信息发送给第二无线通信模块,第二无线通信模块将接收到的加速度和位置信息发送给第二微处理器,随后第二微处理器通过数据输出模块将加速度ay转身角速度VA、综合评价参数y进行输出;所述数据输出模块为图像显示器、声光指示器中的一种。 [0036] 504), the first microprocessor by the first wireless communication module turn angular velocity of the acceleration, the transmission comprehensive evaluation parameters y, the position information to the second wireless communication module, the second wireless communication module receives acceleration and position information to sent to the second microprocessor, followed by a second microprocessor via the data output module acceleration ay turn angular velocity VA, and outputs the comprehensive evaluation parameter y; the data output as an image display module, a sound and light indicators.

[0037] 本发明具有的优点和积极效果是: [0037] The present invention has advantages and positive effects are:

[0038] -、由于本发明采用了三轴加速度传感器和陀螺仪传感器,因此当婴幼儿发生受击打时,婴幼儿的加速度和角变化量会发生一定量的变化,此时第一无线通信模块能够及时地将上述突发信息发送给监护人,从而使得监护人对婴幼儿的状况进行及时掌握; [0038] - Since the present invention uses a triaxial acceleration sensor and a gyro sensor, so when the infant by striking occurs, and angular acceleration change amount infant vary an amount of occurrence, while the first radio communication module can promptly transmits the burst information to the guardian so that the guardian of the situation will be to grasp the infant;

[0039] 二、由于本发明在第一微处理器内设置有加速度阈值aw、时间阈值Tw、以及计时模块;因此可以对一些错误信号进行过滤,保证监测结果的准确率;比如当婴幼儿突然跑步、或者是玩耍时,其加速度会随时发生很大的变化,此时,如果加速度突变信号只是瞬间改变量,则认为是错误信号; [0039] Second, since the present invention is provided with an acceleration threshold value AW, the time threshold value Tw, and a first timer in the microprocessor module; thus some errors may be filtered signals, to ensure the accuracy of monitoring results; for example, when a sudden infant jogging, or play, its acceleration a lot will change at any time, at this time, if the acceleration transient signals just instantly change the amount, then that is an error signal;

[0040] 三、由于本发明在第一微处理器内设置有语音采集模块,因此当加速度信号发送异常时,监护人可以结合语音信息对远方婴幼儿的状态进行监控,这样既不侵害保姆或者幼教的隐私,同时也能够维护婴幼儿的权益; [0040] Third, since the present invention is provided with a speech module in the first microprocessor, so abnormal when the acceleration signal is transmitted, the guardian may be combined with the voice information of the state of the remote monitoring of infants, it is neither against care or preschool privacy, but also to safeguard the interests of infants and young children;

[0041] 四、由于本发明中具有定位系统,因此可以对婴幼儿的位置进行定位,同时,由于微机电系统MEMS嵌入有微重力传感器、压力传感器、皮肤电导率传感器、心率传感器、以及温度传感器,因此不但可以对婴幼儿的加速度进行监测,同时对婴幼儿周边温度进行监测, 如果婴幼儿跌倒或者是受到击打时,受力点为压力传感器位置时,还可以对婴幼儿的跌倒或者是受击打程度进行辅助测量。 [0041] Fourth, since the present invention has a positioning system, it is possible to locate the position of the infant, while, since the micro-electromechanical system (MEMS) sensors are embedded in microgravity, a pressure sensor, a skin conductivity sensor, a heart rate sensor, and a temperature sensor , so not only can be monitored acceleration infants, infants ambient temperature while monitoring, if the infant is subjected to a fall or hitting, when the force point of the pressure sensor location, also falls to the infant or smitten extent aided measurement.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0042] 图1是本发明第一优选实施例的结构框图; [0042] FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing a first preferred embodiment of the present invention;

[0043] 图2是本发明第二优选实施例的结构框图。 [0043] FIG. 2 is a block diagram showing a second preferred embodiment of the present invention.

[0044] 其中:1、信号采集终端;2、信号接收终端。 [0044] wherein: a signal collecting terminals; 2, the signal receiving terminal.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0045] 为能进一步了解本发明的发明内容、特点及功效,兹例举以下实施例,并配合附图详细说明如下: [0045] The invention further understanding of the content, features and effects of the present invention, hereby exemplified by the following embodiments accompanied with figures is described in detail as follows:

[0046] 请参阅图1,第一优选实施例:一种婴幼儿用的安全监测设备,包括便于婴幼儿随身携带的穿戴设备,在所述穿戴设备上装载有信号采集终端1,以及用于接收信号采集终端1信息的信号接收终端2;其中: [0046] Referring to FIG. 1, a first preferred embodiment: safety monitoring device for use in infants, including facilitating the wearable device to carry infants, worn on the terminal apparatus loaded with a signal acquisition, and for signal receiving terminal receives an information signal acquisition terminal 2; wherein:

[0047] 信号采集部件1包括三轴加速度传感器、陀螺仪传感器、第一微处理器、信息存储模块、信号输入模块、第一无线通信模块、定位模块、以及电源模块;其中:所述三轴加速度传感器和陀螺仪传感器分别通过模数转换器与第一微处理器电连接,所述第一微处理器的I/O端口通过数据线分别与信息存储模块、信号输入模块、第一无线通信模块、定位模块电连接;所述电源模块与第一微处理器的电源端子电连接; [0047] The signal acquisition means comprises a triaxial acceleration sensor, a gyro sensor, a first microprocessor, information storage module, input module, a first wireless communication module, a positioning module, and a power supply module; wherein: said triaxial an acceleration sensor and a gyro sensor and a first analog to digital converter respectively electrically connected to the microprocessor, the first microprocessor I / O port through the data lines are information storage module, input module, a first radio communication module, positioning module electrically connected; power supply terminal of the power module is connected to the first microprocessor;

[0048] 所述信号接收终端包括第二微处理器,所述第二微处理器的I/O端口上连接有与第一无线通信模块进行数据交换的第二无线通信模块和信号输出模块。 [0048] The microprocessor includes a second signal receiving terminal connected to a second wireless communication module and output module to exchange data with the first wireless communication module / O port on the second microprocessor I.

[0049] 上述具体实施例的工作原理为:信号采集终端1以穿戴设备为载体,被婴幼儿随身携带,为了便于携带,因此,上述穿戴设备经常被制成手环、手表、眼镜、背包中的一种,同时,由于穿戴设备内的信号采集终端1为精密电子元器件,因此穿戴设备的外壳优选采用防水、抗击打能力比较强的硬塑料制成,同时,为了不影响电子元器件的散热,在穿戴设备的外壳上设置有若干个散热孔;定位模块优选GPS系统、北斗系统中的一种,也可以是多个定位系统的组合,由于上述定位系统比较成熟,因此此处不对其系统结构和原理做过多的赘述;第一无线通信模块优选为蓝牙bluetooth模块、RFID模块、IR模块、WIFI模块,WIMAX 模块,ZigBee模块、UWB模块、GPRS模块、WCDMA模块、GSM模块、TDCDMA模块、LTE模块中的一种。 [0049] The above-described embodiment works as follows: the terminal 1 to the signal acquisition device is a wearable carrier is to carry infants, for portability, and therefore, the above-described devices are often made wearable bracelet, watches, glasses, backpack a the same time, because the signal acquisition terminal apparatus 1 is worn in precision electronic components, so wearable device housing is preferably waterproof, it is made of hard plastic strong resisting ability, and, in order not to affect the electronic components cooling, in the wearable device housing is provided with a plurality of cooling holes; GPS positioning system module preferably, Beidou system of one, or a combination of a plurality of the positioning system, since the positioning system is relatively mature, and therefore herein are not to its structure and principle of the system to do too much repeat; preferably a first wireless communication module is a Bluetooth bluetooth module, RFID module, IR module, WIFI module, WIMAX module, ZigBee module, UWB module, GPRS module, WCDMA module, GSM module, TDCDMA module , LTE module of one. 由于婴幼儿在跌倒或者是收到其他外界伤害时,其身体的位置会发生一定的变化,而上述变化的方向是不可预知性的,因此,本优选实施例采用的是三轴加速度传感器和陀螺仪传感器,即利用三轴加速度传感器对婴幼儿在水平方向上的两个相互垂直方向的加速度ax,ay,进行监测,其中,X方向和y方向为水平面上相互垂直的两个坐标方向,同时三轴加速度传感器还对婴幼儿在坚直方向上的^进行监测,随后,通过上述三个方向上的加速度,利用下列各式,获取婴幼儿的加速度a#即: Since the infant is received during a fall or other external injuries, body position which would be some changes, and the direction of the change is the unpredictable nature and, thus, the preferred embodiment uses a triaxial acceleration sensor and a gyro gauge sensor, i.e., the acceleration ax of the triaxial acceleration sensor in two mutually perpendicular directions in the horizontal direction infant is, AY, monitoring, wherein, X and y directions of two mutually perpendicular horizontal plane coordinate direction, while triaxial acceleration sensor is also strong in the infant ^ monitor straight direction, and then, by the acceleration in three directions, using the following formulas, the infant acquires acceleration a # namely:

[0050] [0050]

Figure CN104207757AD00091

[0051] 其中:ax为婴幼儿在X方向上的加速度矢量值,ay为婴幼儿在y方向上的加速度矢量值,az为婴幼儿在z方向上的加速度矢量值; [0051] wherein: ax is acceleration vector value infants in the X direction, ay is the acceleration vector in the y-value infants direction, az is acceleration infants vector value in the z-direction;

[0052] 随后,三轴加速度传感器将上述加速度发送给第一微处理器,第一微处理器一方面将上述加速度a@、位置信息存储入信息存储模块中,另一方面通过第一无线通信模块发送给信号接收终端2,信号接收终端2 -般被监护人随时携带,监护人可以根据接收到的加速度和位置信息,对婴幼儿的状态进行判断,一般情况下,婴幼儿在非跌倒或者受到击打的情况下,其身体位置或者状态很少发生忽然改变,因此,此时加速度a &比较平滑,t匕如为〇或者是一个比较小的数值;当小孩忽然跌倒或者是收到击打时,其身体状态会忽然发生改变,此时加速度ae会忽然改变,此时,监护人则可以对婴幼儿的状态信息进行调查, 防止不安全事故的进一步发展。 [0052] Subsequently, triaxial acceleration sensor transmits the acceleration to the first microprocessor, the first microprocessor to the acceleration on the one hand a @, the location information is stored into the information storage module, on the other hand by a first radio communication module is transmitted to the signal receiving terminal 2, the signal receiving terminal 2 - general ward ready to carry, the guardian may state infant is determined based on the acceleration and the position information received, in general, infants in the non-fall or be hit hit case, the body position or state rarely occurs suddenly changed, therefore, at this time a & relatively smooth acceleration, t is a square or a dagger as a relatively small value; when a child suddenly falls or is hit received its physical condition will suddenly change, this time acceleration ae will suddenly change, this time, the guardian can investigate the status information of infants to prevent the further development of unsafe incidents.

[0053] 上述具体实施例中安全监测设备的监测方法为: [0053] The monitoring method of the above-described embodiments of the safety monitoring device:

[0054] 101)、向第一微处理器内输入阈值评价参数yw、权重系数A、以及权重系数B的数值;上述阈值评价参数y «、权重系数A、以及权重系数B是根据不同婴幼儿的情况进行人为设定,本具体实施例中的阈值评价参数yw等于1. 5个重力加速度,在正常情况下,比如学习过程中,权重系数A和权重系数B可以均取值为1,当处于非正常情况时,比如孩子在操场联系跑步时,由于此次孩子的直线加速度该变量比较大,且一般处于正常水平,则可以将权重系数A设定为权重系数B的一半; [0054] 101), input into the first microprocessor threshold value of the evaluation parameter YW, weighting coefficient A, and the weight coefficient value B; and the threshold value of the evaluation parameter Y «, weighting coefficient A, and the weight coefficients B are different in infants case artificially set threshold evaluation parameters in the present embodiment DETAILED yw equal to 1.5 gravitational acceleration, under normal circumstances, such as the learning process, the weight coefficients a and B may each weight coefficient value of 1, when the when in abnormal circumstances, such as children running in the playground when the contact that due to the children of the variable linear acceleration is relatively large, and generally at a normal level, you can set the weight coefficient a weighting factor B of the half;

[0055] 102)、三轴加速度传感器实时/定时对婴幼儿的加速度a纟进行监测,陀螺仪传感器对婴幼儿的转身角速度^^进行实时/定时监测,并将加速度和转身角速度VA发送给第一微处理器;同时定位模块实时/定时对婴幼儿的位置进行监测,并将监测结果发送给第一微处理器;第一微处理器根据公式y = Aa@+BVA ;其中y为综合评价参数;将综合评价参数y与阈值评价参数y «进行比较,当y大于y «时,则执行步骤103 ; [0055] 102), the triaxial acceleration sensor in real time / timing of the acceleration of a monitored infant Si, turn angular velocity of the gyro sensor ^^ infants real time / timing monitoring angular velocity and acceleration, and turning to a second VA a microprocessor; real-time simultaneous localization module / timing position infants were monitored and the monitoring result to the first microprocessor; first microprocessor according to the equation y = Aa @ + BVA; wherein y is evaluation parameter; comprehensive evaluation value of the evaluation parameter y with a threshold parameter y «compared when y is greater than y«, execute step 103;

[0056] 103)、第一微处理器通过第一无线通信模块将加速度a纟、转身角速度、综合评价参数y、位置信息发送给第二无线通信模块,第二无线通信模块将接收到的加速度和位置信息发送给第二微处理器,随后第二微处理器通过数据输出模块将加速度ay转身角速度VA、综合评价参数y进行输出;所述数据输出模块为图像显示器、声光指示器中的一种 [0056] 103), the first microprocessor by the first wireless communication module to transmit a Si acceleration, turn angular velocity, comprehensive evaluation parameter y, the position information to the second wireless communication module, the second wireless communication module received acceleration and the location information transmitted to the second microprocessor, followed by a second microprocessor via the data output module acceleration ay turn angular velocity VA, and outputs the comprehensive evaluation parameter y; the data output as an image display module, a sound and light indicators one kind

[0057] 第二优选实施例:由于小孩比较好动,因此,针对部分好动的婴幼儿,加速度会经常发生较大波动,因此,作为优选,在上述第一优选实施例的基础上,增加如下的技术特征:第一微处理器内设置有加速度阈值aw、时间阈值T w、以及计时模块。 [0057] The second preferred embodiment: the child is better since the move, and therefore, for some restless infants, often greater acceleration fluctuates, therefore, preferable, in the first preferred embodiment based on the embodiment, the increase a technique wherein: the microprocessor is provided with a first acceleration threshold aw, time threshold value T w, and a timing module.

[0058] 上述第二优选实施例中安全监测设备的监测方法为: Monitoring method in the safety monitoring device [0058] The second preferred embodiment are:

[0059] 201)、向第一微处理器内输入阈值评价参数yw、权重系数A、以及权重系数B的数值;为了更清楚地阐述,上述权重系数A和权重系数B可以均取值为1 ; [0059] 201), the input threshold value of the evaluation parameter YW, right into the first microprocessor weighting coefficient A, and the weight coefficient value B; in order to more clearly set forth the weighting factor A and the weighting factor B may have a value of 1 ;

[0060] 202)、三轴加速度传感器实时/定时对婴幼儿的加速度a纟进行监测,陀螺仪传感器对婴幼儿的转身角速度^^进行实时/定时监测,并将加速度和转身角速度VA发送给第一微处理器;同时定位模块实时/定时对婴幼儿的位置进行监测,并将监测结果发送给第一微处理器;当在时间阈值T w内,始终大于3"时,则执行步骤203 ; [0060] 202), the triaxial acceleration sensor in real time / timing of the acceleration of a monitored infant Si, turn angular velocity of the gyro sensor ^^ infants real time / timing monitoring angular velocity and acceleration, and turning to a second VA a microprocessor; real-time simultaneous localization module / timing position infants were monitored and transmitted to the first microprocessor monitoring result; when the time threshold value T w, is always greater than 3 ", step 203 is performed;

[0061] 203)、第一微处理器根据公式y = Aa合+BV角=a合+V角;其中y为综合评价参数; 将综合评价参数y与阈值评价参数7«进行比较,当y大于7«时,则执行步骤204 ; [0061] 203), the first microprocessor according to the equation y = Aa + BV engagement angle = a + V engagement angle; wherein y is a comprehensive evaluation parameter; comprehensive evaluation value of the evaluation parameter with a threshold parameter y 7 «compared, when y greater than 7 «, step 204 is performed;

[0062] 204)、第一微处理器通过第一无线通信模块将加速度a纟、转身角速度、综合评价参数y、位置信息发送给第二无线通信模块,第二无线通信模块将接收到的加速度和位置信息发送给第二微处理器,随后第二微处理器通过数据输出模块将加速度ay转身角速度VA、综合评价参数y进行输出;所述数据输出模块为图像显示器、声光指示器中的一种。 [0062] 204), the first microprocessor by the first wireless communication module to transmit a Si acceleration, turn angular velocity, comprehensive evaluation parameter y, the position information to the second wireless communication module, the second wireless communication module received acceleration and the location information transmitted to the second microprocessor, followed by a second microprocessor via the data output module acceleration ay turn angular velocity VA, and outputs the comprehensive evaluation parameter y; the data output as an image display module, a sound and light indicators one kind. [0063] 第三优选实施例:由于保姆或者幼师具有个人隐私,因此进一步对孩子的状态进行监测,作为优选,在上述第二优选实施例的基础上,增加如下的技术特征:信号采集部件1还包括与第一微处理器电连接的语音采集模块。 Example [0063] A third preferred: since kindergarten nurse or a personal privacy, thus further monitoring a state of the child, as a preferred basis in the second embodiment of the preferred embodiment, the following technical features increase: signal acquisition means 1 further includes a voice acquisition module electrically connected to the first microprocessor.

[0064] 上述第三优选实施例中安全监测设备的监测方法为: Monitoring method in the safety monitoring device [0064] The third preferred embodiment is as follows:

[0065] 301)、向第一微处理器内输入阈值评价参数yw、权重系数A、以及权重系数B的数值; [0065] 301), the input threshold YW evaluation parameters, the first microprocessor to the right weighting coefficients A, B and the value of weight coefficients;

[0066] 302)、三轴加速度传感器实时/定时对婴幼儿的加速度a纟进行监测,陀螺仪传感器对婴幼儿的转身角速度^^进行实时/定时监测,并将加速度和转身角速度VA发送给第一微处理器;同时定位模块实时/定时对婴幼儿的位置进行监测,并将监测结果发送给第一微处理器;当大于3"时,则启动语音采集模块,并将采集到的语音信息发送给信号接收终端;当在时间阈值T w内,始终大于awW,则执行步骤303 ; [0066] 302), the triaxial acceleration sensor in real time / timing of the acceleration of a monitored infant Si, turn angular velocity of the gyro sensor ^^ infants real time / timing monitoring angular velocity and acceleration, and turning to a second VA a microprocessor; real-time simultaneous localization module / timing position infants were monitored and the monitoring result to a first microprocessor; when more than 3, "the voice acquisition module is initiated, and voice information collected transmitted to the signal receiving terminal; when the time threshold value T w, is always greater than awW, step 303 is performed;

[0067] 303)、第一微处理器根据公式y = Aa合+BVA ;其中y为综合评价参数;将综合评价参数y与阈值评价参数y «进行比较,当y大于y «时,则执行步骤304 ; [0067] 303), the first microprocessor according to the equation y = Aa co + BVA; wherein y is a comprehensive evaluation parameter; comprehensive evaluation value of the evaluation parameter y with a threshold parameter y «compared when y is greater than y«, is executed step 304;

[0068] 304)、第一微处理器通过第一无线通信模块将加速度a纟、转身角速度、综合评价参数y、位置信息发送给第二无线通信模块,第二无线通信模块将接收到的加速度和位置信息发送给第二微处理器,随后第二微处理器通过数据输出模块将加速度ay转身角速度VA、综合评价参数y进行输出;所述数据输出模块为图像显示器、声光指示器中的一种。 [0068] 304), the first microprocessor by the first wireless communication module to transmit a Si acceleration, turn angular velocity, comprehensive evaluation parameter y, the position information to the second wireless communication module, the second wireless communication module received acceleration and the location information transmitted to the second microprocessor, followed by a second microprocessor via the data output module acceleration ay turn angular velocity VA, and outputs the comprehensive evaluation parameter y; the data output as an image display module, a sound and light indicators one kind. [0069] 第三优选实施例:为了保证三轴加速度传感器工作的稳定性,确保监测结果的准确性,在上述已经具备三轴加速度传感器和陀螺仪传感器的前提下,本优选实施例还增加如下的技术特征:通过实验发现,当孩子受到侵害时:孩子的皮肤电导率、心率、以及体温中的一个或者多个会发生短时间内的改变,因此本优选实施例中信号采集部件还包括微机电系统MEMS,所述微机电系统MEMS嵌入有微重力传感器、压力传感器、皮肤电导率传感器、 心率传感器、以及温度传感器;所述微机电系统MEMS与第一微处理器通过数据线连接; [0069] The third preferred embodiment: In order to ensure the stability of the triaxial acceleration sensor working to ensure the accuracy of the monitoring results, the premise has been provided with a triaxial acceleration sensor and a gyro sensor of the above, the preferred embodiment further added as follows technical features: found through experiments that when children are violated: the child's skin conductance, heart rate, and one or a plurality of temperature change occurs within a short time, and therefore signal acquisition means according to the present embodiment further preferred embodiment comprises a micro system (MEMS), a micro-electromechanical system MEMS microgravity embedded sensor, a pressure sensor, a skin conductivity sensor, a heart rate sensor, and a temperature sensor; microelectromechanical system (MEMS) via a data line and the first microprocessor;

[0070] 上述第四优选实施例中安全监测设备的监测方法包括如下两种: Monitoring method in the safety monitoring device [0070] The fourth preferred embodiment comprises the following two:

[0071] 第一种: [0071] The first:

[0072] 401)、向第一微处理器内输入阈值评价参数7"、权重系数A、权重系数B、权重系数C、权重系数D、权重系数E、权重系数F、权重系数G的数值;上述阈值评价参数yw、权重系数A、权重系数B、权重系数C、权重系数D、权重系数E、权重系数F、权重系数G是根据不同婴幼儿的情况进行人为设定,为了阐述方便,本优选实施例中的权重值均取值1 ; [0072] 401), the threshold evaluation input into the first microprocessor parameter 7 ", the weighting factor A, the weight coefficients B, the weight coefficient C, a weight coefficient D weighting factor E, the weighting factor F., A weight coefficient value of G; the threshold value of the evaluation parameter YW, weighting coefficient a, the weight coefficients B, the weight coefficient C, a weight coefficient D, the weight coefficients E, weight coefficient F., the weighting factor G is set manually according to the situation of different infant, for convenience of the present right in the preferred embodiment a weight-average value of the value 1;

[0073] 402)、三轴加速度传感器实时/定时对婴幼儿的加速度进行监测,陀螺仪传感器对婴幼儿的转身角速度^^进行实时/定时监测,并将加速度和转身角速度VA发送给第一微处理器;微机电系统MEMS实时/定时对婴幼儿的重力加速度、皮肤承受压力Ng、 皮肤电导率该变量Λ 4、心率变化量Λ &以及体温变化量Λ ^进行监测,同时定位模块实时/定时对婴幼儿的位置进行监测,并将监测结果发送给第一微处理器;当在时间阈值Tw 内,a纟始终大于a "时,则执行步骤403 ; [0073] 402), the triaxial acceleration sensor in real time / timing monitoring acceleration infants, turn angular velocity of the gyro sensor ^^ infants real time / timing monitoring angular velocity and acceleration, and turned to a first micro VA a processor; microelectromechanical system (MEMS) real time / timing gravitational infants, Ng, the skin under pressure, skin conductance of the variable Λ 4, the amount of change in heart rate and body temperature variation Λ & Λ ^ and the detected real-time positioning module / timing the position of the infant monitored, and transmits monitoring results to the first microprocessor; when the time threshold Tw, a Si always greater than a ", execute step 403;

[0074] 4〇3)、第一微处理器根据公式y = Aa合+BV角+Ca重+DN压+ΕΛ电+ΕΛ心+GA温;其中y为综合评价参数;将综合评价参数y与阈值评价参数7«进行比较,当y大于7«时,则执行步骤404 ; [0074] 4〇3), the first microprocessor according to the equation y = Aa + BV engagement angular weight + DN + Ca + ΕΛ voltage electrical heart + GA + ΕΛ temperature; wherein y is a comprehensive evaluation parameter; comprehensive evaluation parameter y evaluation of the parameter with a threshold value 7 «compared, when y is greater than 7«, execute step 404;

[0075] 404)、第一微处理器通过第一无线通信模块将加速度a纟、转身角速度、综合评价参数y、位置信息发送给第二无线通信模块,第二无线通信模块将接收到的加速度和位置信息发送给第二微处理器,随后第二微处理器通过数据输出模块将加速度ay转身角速度VA、综合评价参数y进行输出;所述数据输出模块为图像显示器、声光指示器中的一种。 [0075] 404), the first microprocessor by the first wireless communication module to transmit a Si acceleration, turn angular velocity, comprehensive evaluation parameter y, the position information to the second wireless communication module, the second wireless communication module received acceleration and the location information transmitted to the second microprocessor, followed by a second microprocessor via the data output module acceleration ay turn angular velocity VA, and outputs the comprehensive evaluation parameter y; the data output as an image display module, a sound and light indicators one kind.

[0076] 第二种: [0076] The second:

[0077] 501)、向第一微处理器内输入阈值评价参数7"、权重系数A、权重系数B、权重系数C、权重系数D、权重系数E、权重系数F、权重系数G的数值;上述阈值评价参数yw、权重系数A、权重系数B、权重系数C、权重系数D、权重系数E、权重系数F、权重系数G是根据不同婴幼儿的情况进行人为设定,为了阐述方便,本优选实施例中的权重值均取值1 ; [0077] 501), the threshold evaluation input into the first microprocessor parameter 7 ", the weighting factor A, the weight coefficients B, the weight coefficient C, a weight coefficient D weighting factor E, the weighting factor F., A weight coefficient value of G; the threshold value of the evaluation parameter YW, weighting coefficient a, the weight coefficients B, the weight coefficient C, a weight coefficient D, the weight coefficients E, weight coefficient F., the weighting factor G is set manually according to the situation of different infant, for convenience of the present right in the preferred embodiment a weight-average value of the value 1;

[0078] 502)、三轴加速度传感器实时/定时对婴幼儿的加速度a纟进行监测,陀螺仪传感器对婴幼儿的转身角速度^^进行实时/定时监测,并将加速度和转身角速度VA发送给第一微处理器;微机电系统MEMS实时/定时对婴幼儿的重力加速度、皮肤承受压力Ng、 皮肤电导率该变量Λ 4、心率变化量Λ &以及体温变化量Λ ^进行监测,同时定位模块实时/定时对婴幼儿的位置进行监测,并将监测结果发送给第一微处理器;当ae大于aw时, 则启动语音采集模块,并将采集到的语音信息发送给信号接收终端;当在时间阈值T w内,a A始终大于a "时,则执行步骤503 ; [0078] 502), the triaxial acceleration sensor in real time / timing of the acceleration of a monitored infant Si, turn angular velocity of the gyro sensor ^^ infants real time / timing monitoring angular velocity and acceleration, and turning to a second VA a microprocessor; microelectromechanical system (MEMS) real time / timing gravitational infants, Ng, the skin under pressure, skin conductance of the variable Λ 4, the amount of change in heart rate and body temperature variation Λ & Λ ^ and the detected real-time positioning module / timing position infants were monitored and the monitoring result to a first microprocessor; ae is larger than when the AW, then start a voice acquisition module, and transmits the collected voice information signal to a receiving terminal; when time when the threshold value T w, a A is always greater than a ", execute step 503;

[0079] 5〇3)、第一微处理器根据公式y = Aa合+BV角+Ca重+DN压+ΕΛ电+ΕΛ心+GA温;其中y为综合评价参数;将综合评价参数y与阈值评价参数7«进行比较,当y大于7«时,则执行步骤504 ; [0079] 5〇3), the first microprocessor according to the equation y = Aa + BV engagement angular weight + DN + Ca + ΕΛ voltage electrical heart + GA + ΕΛ temperature; wherein y is a comprehensive evaluation parameter; comprehensive evaluation parameter y evaluation of the parameter with a threshold value 7 «compared, when y is greater than 7«, step 504 is performed;

[0080] 504)、第一微处理器通过第一无线通信模块将加速度a纟、转身角速度、综合评价参数y、位置信息发送给第二无线通信模块,第二无线通信模块将接收到的加速度和位置信息发送给第二微处理器,随后第二微处理器通过数据输出模块将加速度ay转身角速度VA、综合评价参数y进行输出;所述数据输出模块为图像显示器、声光指示器中的一种。 [0080] 504), the first microprocessor by the first wireless communication module to transmit a Si acceleration, turn angular velocity, comprehensive evaluation parameter y, the position information to the second wireless communication module, the second wireless communication module received acceleration and the location information transmitted to the second microprocessor, followed by a second microprocessor via the data output module acceleration ay turn angular velocity VA, and outputs the comprehensive evaluation parameter y; the data output as an image display module, a sound and light indicators one kind.

[0081] 作为优选,由于每个婴幼儿的活泼好动能力不完全相同,因此,为了提高监测结果的准确度,本发明在微机电系统MEMS内还可以安装自我学习和训练的数据库。 [0081] Advantageously, since the capacity of each lively, infants are not identical, and therefore, in order to improve the accuracy of the monitoring results, in the present invention may also be micro-electromechanical system MEMS install self-learning and training database. 这样,当孩子在使用的过程中,微机电系统MEMS可以对上述每个传感器监测到的信号规律进行记忆和积累,并通过不断的练习排除干扰信号。 Thus, when the signal law child during use, microelectromechanical system (MEMS) each of said sensor may be monitored and accumulation memory, and eliminate the interference signal through constant practice.

[0082] 本发明主要能够实现两个功能:功能一、孩子的定位,监护人可以通过信号接收终端2及时掌握孩子的位置信息,当孩子处于非安全区域时,监护人可以及时作出反应;功能二、孩子的受侵害监测,通过加速度、转身速度、重力加速度a^、皮肤承受压力、皮肤电导率该变量Λ 4、心率变化量Λ &以及体温变化量Λ s进而综合实现对孩子状态的监测;为了保证监测的准确性,还增加有语音采集模块。 [0082] The present invention can realize two functions: a function, positioning the child, the guardian can grasp the position information of the child by the signal receiving terminal 2, when the child is in a non-secure area, the guardian can react in time; two functions, child abuse by monitoring the acceleration, turn rate, the gravitational acceleration a ^, the skin under pressure, skin conductance of the variable Λ 4, the amount of change in heart rate and body temperature variation Λ & Λ s comprehensive further implementation of monitoring of the state of the child; for monitoring to ensure accuracy, but also increase the voice acquisition module.

[0083] 以上对本发明的实施例进行了详细说明,但所述内容仅为本发明的较佳实施例, 不能被认为用于限定本发明的实施范围。 [0083] The embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail, but only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, the content of the embodiment, not to be considered to define the scope of the present invention. 凡依本发明申请范围所作的均等变化与改进等, 均应仍归属于本发明的专利涵盖范围之内。 Where alterations of improvement under this scope of application of the invention made by the patent shall yet fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. 1. 一种婴幼儿用的安全监测设备,其特征在于:包括便于婴幼儿随身携带的穿戴设备,在所述穿戴设备上装载有信号采集终端,以及用于接收信号采集终端信息的信号接收终端;其中: 所述信号采集部件包括三轴加速度传感器、陀螺仪传感器、第一微处理器、信息存储模块、信号输入模块、第一无线通信模块、定位模块、以及电源模块;其中:所述三轴加速度传感器和陀螺仪传感器分别通过模数转换器与第一微处理器电连接,所述第一微处理器的1/ 0端口通过数据线分别与信息存储模块、信号输入模块、第一无线通信模块、定位模块电连接;所述电源模块与第一微处理器的电源端子电连接; 所述信号接收终端包括第二微处理器,所述第二微处理器的I/O端口上连接有与第一无线通信模块进行数据交换的第二无线通信模块和信号输出模块。 An infant with a safety monitoring apparatus comprising: a wearable device to facilitate carry infants, worn on the signal acquisition device is loaded with a terminal, and a terminal for receiving a signal information acquisition terminal receives signals ; wherein: the signal collecting means comprises a triaxial acceleration sensor, a gyro sensor, a first microprocessor, information storage module, input module, a first wireless communication module, a positioning module, and a power supply module; wherein: said three axis acceleration sensor and a gyro sensor and a first analog to digital converter respectively electrically connected to the microprocessor, the first microprocessor 1/0 port via the data lines, respectively, the information storage module, input module, a first radio connecting / O port on the signal receiving terminal comprises a second microprocessor, said second microprocessor I; a communication module, a positioning module electrically connected; power supply terminal of the power module is connected to the first microprocessor a second wireless communication module and output module to exchange data with the first wireless communication module.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的婴幼儿用的安全监测设备,其特征在于:所述第一微处理器内设置有加速度阈值aw、时间阈值T w、以及计时模块。 The infant safety monitoring device 1 according to a claim, wherein: said microprocessor is provided with a first acceleration threshold value AW, the time threshold T w, and a timing module.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求2所述的婴幼儿用的安全监测设备,其特征在于:所述信号采集部件还包括与第一微处理器电连接的语音采集模块。 3. The infant safety monitoring device according to claim 2, characterized in that: said acquisition means further includes a voice signal acquisition module electrically connected to the first microprocessor.
  4. 4. 根据权利要求3所述的婴幼儿用的安全监测设备,其特征在于:所述信号采集部件还包括微机电系统MEMS,所述微机电系统MEMS嵌入有微重力传感器、压力传感器、皮肤电导率传感器、心率传感器、以及温度传感器;所述微机电系统MEMS与第一微处理器通过数据线连接。 The infant safety monitoring device of claim 3 with claim, wherein: said signal collection means comprises a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) further, the embedded micro-electromechanical system MEMS micro-gravity sensor, a pressure sensor, a skin conductance rate sensor, a heart rate sensor, and a temperature sensor; microelectromechanical system (MEMS) connected to the data line via the first microprocessor.
  5. 5. 根据权利要求3所述的婴幼儿用的安全监测设备,其特征在于:所述穿戴设备为手环、手表、眼镜、背包中的一种;所述第一无线通信模块为蓝牙bluetooth模块、RFID模块、 IR模块、WIFI模块,WIMAX模块,ZigBee模块、UWB模块、GPRS模块、WCDMA模块、GSM模块、 TDCDMA模块、LTE模块中的一种。 The infant safety monitoring device of claim 3 with claim, characterized in that: said device is a wearable bracelet, watches, glasses, a backpack; the first wireless communication module is a Bluetooth module bluetooth , RFID module, IR module, WIFI module, WIMAX module, ZigBee module, UWB module, GPRS module, WCDMA module, GSM module, TDCDMA module, LTE module of one.
  6. 6. -种如权利要求1所述的安全监测设备的监测方法,其特征在于:包括如下步骤: 101) 、向第一微处理器内输入阈值评价参数y «、权重系数A、以及权重系数B的数值; 102) 、三轴加速度传感器实时/定时对婴幼儿的加速度进行监测,陀螺仪传感器对婴幼儿的转身角速度^^进行实时/定时监测,并将加速度和转身角速度VA发送给第一微处理器;同时定位模块实时/定时对婴幼儿的位置进行监测,并将监测结果发送给第一微处理器;第一微处理器根据公式y = Aa@+BVA ;其中y为综合评价参数;将综合评价参数y与阈值评价参数y »进行比较,当y大于y »时,则执行步骤103 ; 103) 、第一微处理器通过第一无线通信模块将加速度a@、转身角速度、综合评价参数y、位置信息发送给第二无线通信模块,第二无线通信模块将接收到的加速度和位置信息发送给第二微处理器,随后 6. - The kind of safety monitoring devices monitoring method claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: comprising the steps of: 101), the first microprocessor input into the evaluation parameter threshold Y «, weighting coefficient A, and the weight coefficient the value B; 102), the triaxial acceleration sensor in real time / timing monitoring acceleration infants, turn angular velocity of the gyro sensor ^^ infants real time / timing monitoring, and the acceleration and turned to a first angular velocity VA a microprocessor; real-time simultaneous localization module / timing position infants were monitored and the monitoring result to the first microprocessor; first microprocessor according to the equation y = Aa @ + BVA; wherein y is a comprehensive evaluation parameter ; comprehensive evaluation value of the evaluation parameter y with a threshold parameter y »is compared, when y is greater than y», execute step 103; 103), the first microprocessor by the first wireless communication module of the acceleration a @, turn angular velocity, comprehensive evaluation parameter y, the position information is transmitted to the second wireless communication module, the second wireless communication module to transmit received location information to the second acceleration and the microprocessor, then 二微处理器通过数据输出模块将加速度a#转身角速度VA、 综合评价参数y进行输出;所述数据输出模块为图像显示器、声光指示器中的一种。 Two data output by the microprocessor module of the acceleration a # turn angular velocity VA, and outputs the comprehensive evaluation parameter y; the data output as an image display module, a sound and light indicators.
  7. 7. -种如权利要求2所述的安全监测设备的监测方法,其特征在于:包括如下步骤: 201) 、向第一微处理器内输入阈值评价参数yw、权重系数A、以及权重系数B的数值; 202) 、三轴加速度传感器实时/定时对婴幼儿的加速度进行监测,陀螺仪传感器对婴幼儿的转身角速度^^进行实时/定时监测,并将加速度和转身角速度VA发送给第一微处理器;同时定位模块实时/定时对婴幼儿的位置进行监测,并将监测结果发送给第一微处理器;当在时间阈值T w内,始终大于awW,则执行步骤203 ; 203) 、第一微处理器根据公式y=Aa纟+BVA ;其中y为综合评价参数;将综合评价参数y 与阈值评价参数y «进行比较,当y大于y «时,则执行步骤204 ; 204) 、第一微处理器通过第一无线通信模块将加速度a@、转身角速度、综合评价参数y、位置信息发送给第二无线通信模块,第二无线通信模块将 7 - The kinds of safety monitoring devices monitoring method claimed in claim 2, characterized in that: comprising the steps of: 201), evaluation parameters YW input threshold, the microprocessor right into the first weight coefficients A, B and the weight coefficient values; 202), the triaxial acceleration sensor in real time / timing monitoring acceleration infants, turn angular velocity of the gyro sensor ^^ infants real time / timing monitoring angular velocity and acceleration, and turned to a first micro VA a processor; real-time simultaneous localization module / timing position infants were monitored and transmitted to the first microprocessor monitoring result; when the time threshold T w, is always greater than AWW, execute step 203; 203), the first a microprocessor according to the equation y = Aa Si + BVA; wherein y is a comprehensive evaluation parameter; comprehensive evaluation value of the evaluation parameter y with a threshold parameter y «compared when y is greater than y«, execute step 204; 204), the first a microprocessor through a first wireless communication module of the acceleration a @, turn angular velocity transmission, comprehensive evaluation parameter y, the position information to the second wireless communication module, the second wireless communication module 收到的加速度和位置信息发送给第二微处理器,随后第二微处理器通过数据输出模块将加速度ay转身角速度VA、 综合评价参数y进行输出;所述数据输出模块为图像显示器、声光指示器中的一种。 Acceleration and transmits the received location information to the second microprocessor, followed by a second microprocessor via the data output module acceleration ay turn angular velocity VA, and outputs the comprehensive evaluation parameter y; the display image data output module, an acousto-optic one kind of indicator.
  8. 8. 根据权利要求3所述的安全监测设备的监测方法,其特征在于:包括如下步骤: 301) 、向第一微处理器内输入阈值评价参数yw、权重系数A、以及权重系数B的数值; 302) 、三轴加速度传感器实时/定时对婴幼儿的加速度进行监测,陀螺仪传感器对婴幼儿的转身角速度^^进行实时/定时监测,并将加速度和转身角速度VA发送给第一微处理器;同时定位模块实时/定时对婴幼儿的位置进行监测,并将监测结果发送给第一微处理器;当大于3"时,则启动语音采集模块,并将采集到的语音信息发送给信号接收终端;当在时间阈值T w内,始终大于awW,则执行步骤303 ; 303) 、第一微处理器根据公式y=Aa纟+BVA ;其中y为综合评价参数;将综合评价参数y 与阈值评价参数y »进行比较,当y大于y »时,则执行步骤304 ; 304) 、第一微处理器通过第一无线通信模块将加速度a@、转身角 8. The monitoring method of safety monitoring devices according to claim 3, characterized in that: comprising the steps of: 301), evaluation parameters YW input threshold, the first microprocessor to the right weighting coefficient A, and B values ​​of the weight coefficients ; 302), the triaxial acceleration sensor in real time / timing monitoring acceleration infants, turn angular velocity of the gyro sensor ^^ infants real time / timing monitoring, and the acceleration and angular velocity VA turned to a first microprocessor ; real-time while the positioning module / timing position infants were monitored and the monitoring result to a first microprocessor; when more than 3, "the voice acquisition module is started, and transmits the collected information to the speech signal received terminal; when the time threshold T w, is always greater than AWW, perform step 303; 303), the first microprocessor according to the equation y = Aa Si + BVA; wherein y is a comprehensive evaluation parameter; comprehensive evaluation parameter with a threshold value y evaluation parameter y »is compared, when y is greater than y», the performing step 304; 304), the first microprocessor by the first wireless communication module of the acceleration a @, turn angle 度、综合评价参数y、位置信息发送给第二无线通信模块,第二无线通信模块将接收到的加速度和位置信息发送给第二微处理器,随后第二微处理器通过数据输出模块将加速度a#转身角速度VA、 综合评价参数y进行输出;所述数据输出模块为图像显示器、声光指示器中的一种。 Degree, comprehensive evaluation parameter y, the position information is transmitted to the second wireless communication module, the second wireless communication module to transmit received location information to the second acceleration and the microprocessor, then the microprocessor through the data output of the second acceleration module a # turning angular velocity VA, and outputs the comprehensive evaluation parameter y; the data output as an image display module, a sound and light indicators.
  9. 9. 根据权利要求4或5所述的安全监测设备的监测方法,其特征在于:包括如下步骤: 401) 、向第一微处理器内输入阈值评价参数yw、权重系数A、权重系数B、权重系数C、权重系数D、权重系数E、权重系数F、权重系数G的数值; 402) 、三轴加速度传感器实时/定时对婴幼儿的加速度进行监测,陀螺仪传感器对婴幼儿的转身角速度^^进行实时/定时监测,并将加速度和转身角速度VA发送给第一微处理器;微机电系统MEMS实时/定时对婴幼儿的重力加速度a^、皮肤承受压力、皮肤电导率该变量Λ 4、心率变化量Λ &以及体温变化量Λ ^进行监测,同时定位模块实时/ 定时对婴幼儿的位置进行监测,并将监测结果发送给第一微处理器;当在时间阈值! 9. The monitoring method of safety monitoring devices according to claim 4 or claim 5, characterized in that: comprising the steps of: 401), the input threshold parameter evaluation yw into the first microprocessor, the weight coefficients A, B weighting coefficient, weighting coefficient C, a weight coefficient D, the weight coefficients E, weight coefficient F., a weight coefficient value of G; 402), the triaxial acceleration sensor in real time / timing acceleration infant monitoring, the gyro sensor turning angular velocity infant ^ ^ real-time / timing monitoring, and the acceleration and angular velocity VA turn transmitted to the first microprocessor; microelectromechanical system (MEMS) real time / timing infants ^ a gravitational acceleration, the skin under pressure, skin conductance of the variable Λ 4, the amount of change in heart rate, and temperature variation Λ & Λ ^ and the detected real-time positioning module / timing position infants were monitored and transmitted to the first microprocessor monitoring result; when the time threshold! ^内,a A始终大于a "时,则执行步骤403 ; 4〇3)、第一微处理器根据公式y = Aa合+BV角+Ca重+DN压+ΕΛ电+ΕΛ心+GA温;其中y为综合评价参数;将综合评价参数y与阈值评价参数y »进行比较,当y大于y »时,则执行步骤404 ; 404)、第一微处理器通过第一无线通信模块将加速度a@、转身角速度、综合评价参数y、位置信息发送给第二无线通信模块,第二无线通信模块将接收到的加速度和位置信息发送给第二微处理器,随后第二微处理器通过数据输出模块将加速度ay转身角速度VA、 综合评价参数y进行输出;所述数据输出模块为图像显示器、声光指示器中的一种。 When the ^, a A is always greater than a ", execute step 403; 4〇3), the first microprocessor according to the equation y = Aa + BV engagement angular weight + DN + Ca + ΕΛ electrical voltage + GA + ΕΛ core temperature ; wherein y is a comprehensive evaluation parameter; comprehensive evaluation value of the evaluation parameter y with a threshold parameter y »is compared, when y is greater than y», execute step 404; 404), the first microprocessor by the first wireless communication module of the acceleration a @, turn angular velocity, comprehensive evaluation parameter y, the position information is transmitted to the second wireless communication module, the second wireless communication module to transmit received location information to the acceleration and a second microprocessor, a second microprocessor via the data then the output module converts acceleration ay turn angular velocity VA, and outputs the comprehensive evaluation parameter y; the data output as an image display module, a sound and light indicators.
  10. 10. 根据权利要求4或5所述的安全监测设备的监测方法,其特征在于:包括如下步骤: 501)、向第一微处理器内输入阈值评价参数yw、权重系数A、权重系数B、权重系数C、权重系数D、权重系数E、权重系数F、权重系数G的数值; 502)、三轴加速度传感器实时/定时对婴幼儿的加速度进行监测,陀螺仪传感器对婴幼儿的转身角速度^^进行实时/定时监测,并将加速度和转身角速度VA发送给第一微处理器;微机电系统MEMS实时/定时对婴幼儿的重力加速度a^、皮肤承受压力、皮肤电导率该变量Λ 4、心率变化量Λ &以及体温变化量Λ ^进行监测,同时定位模块实时/ 定时对婴幼儿的位置进行监测,并将监测结果发送给第一微处理器;当ae大于3"时,则启动语音采集模块,并将采集到的语音信息发送给信号接收终端;当在时间阈值!^内,始终大于a "时,则执行步骤503 ; 5〇3)、 10. A method of monitoring the safety monitoring device according to claim 4 or claim 5, characterized in that: comprising the steps of: 501), the input threshold parameter evaluation yw into the first microprocessor, the weight coefficients A, B weighting coefficient, weighting coefficient C, a weight coefficient D, the weight coefficients E, weight coefficient F., a weight coefficient value of G; 502), the triaxial acceleration sensor in real time / timing acceleration infant monitoring, the gyro sensor turning angular velocity infant ^ ^ real-time / timing monitoring, and the acceleration and angular velocity VA turn transmitted to the first microprocessor; microelectromechanical system (MEMS) real time / timing infants ^ a gravitational acceleration, the skin under pressure, skin conductance of the variable Λ 4, the amount of change in heart rate, and temperature variation Λ & Λ ^ and the detected real-time positioning module / timing position infants were monitored and the monitoring result to a first microprocessor; ae when more than 3, "the voice is started acquisition module, and transmits the collected voice information signal to a receiving terminal;! when the time threshold ^, is always greater than a ", execute step 503; 5〇3), 第一微处理器根据公式y = Aa合+BV角+Ca重+DN压+ΕΛ电+ΕΛ心+GA温;其中y为综合评价参数;将综合评价参数y与阈值评价参数y »进行比较,当y大于y »时,则执行步骤504 ; 504)、第一微处理器通过第一无线通信模块将加速度a@、转身角速度VA、综合评价参数y、位置信息发送给第二无线通信模块,第二无线通信模块将接收到的加速度和位置信息发送给第二微处理器,随后第二微处理器通过数据输出模块将加速度ay转身角速度VA、 综合评价参数y进行输出;所述数据输出模块为图像显示器、声光指示器中的一种。 The first microprocessor according to the equation y = Aa + BV engagement angular weight + DN + Ca + ΕΛ voltage electrical heart + GA + ΕΛ temperature; wherein y is a comprehensive evaluation parameter; comprehensive evaluation value of the evaluation parameter y with a threshold parameter y »compared when y is greater than y », execute step 504; 504), the first microprocessor by the first wireless communication module of the acceleration a @, turn angular velocity transmitted VA, comprehensive evaluation parameter y, the position information to the second wireless communication module , the second wireless communication module to transmit received location information to the second acceleration and the microprocessor, then the microprocessor through the data output of the second module acceleration ay turn angular velocity VA, and outputs the comprehensive evaluation parameter y; the data output an image display module, an acoustooptical the indicator.
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