CN104206822B - Efficient compound attractant growth promoting additive and preparation and application thereof - Google Patents

Efficient compound attractant growth promoting additive and preparation and application thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104206822B
CN104206822B CN201410388424.XA CN201410388424A CN104206822B CN 104206822 B CN104206822 B CN 104206822B CN 201410388424 A CN201410388424 A CN 201410388424A CN 104206822 B CN104206822 B CN 104206822B
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growth promoting
promoting additive
high efficiency
parts
efficiency composition
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CN104206822A (en
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贠彪
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Qingyuan Haibei Biological Technology Co., Ltd.
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QINGYUAN HAIBEI BIOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses an efficient compound attractant growth promoting additive, which comprises the following components, by weight: 115-125 parts of squid meal, 15-25 parts of protein powder, 15-25 parts of taurine, 10-17 parts of yeast extract, 1-2 parts of plant essential oil and 4-6 parts of grape seed extract, wherein the plant essential oil is a mixture of carvacrol and thymol crystals. The invention also discloses a preparation and application of the efficient compound attractant growth promoting additive. The additive of the invention greatly increases food intake, reduces the feed coefficient and greatly saves the cost of cultivation. In addition, the additive of the invention can increase the feeding speed of Japanese Perch by 20%.

Description

A kind of high efficiency composition food attractant-growth promoting additive and preparation thereof and application
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fish feed, more particularly, to a kind of high efficiency composition food attractant-growth promoting additive and system thereof Standby and application.
Background technology
Japan Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) belongs to Perciformes (Perciforms), fat section (Serranidae), perch genus (Lateolabrax), again Claim seven-star perch, belong to salt the warmest, wide, violent carnivorous famous and precious economic fish, also can be cultivated in fresh water by domestication.Because of it Delicious meat, fragrant taste, and it is also used as medicinal, it is the kind that current China marine fish yield is the highest.
At present, Lateolabrax japonicus fish culture area surpasses 30,000 mu, and cultured output reaches more than 110,000 tons, mixed feed 160,000 tons of ingesting Above, annual value of production is more than 2,000,000,000 yuan.At present, the formula of artifical compound feed is mainly former using imported fish meal as its major protein Material, its ratio is between 25-35%.But, whole world fish flour resource but worsening shortages at present, price constantly rises, and the most not only makes Becoming feed price to remain high, aquaculture cost increases, and is also unfavorable for the sustainable development of aquaculture simultaneously.Therefore use honest and clean The animal and vegetable protein Peru Fish Dietary of valency becomes the focus of Chinese scholars research, has carried out in a large number in particular for predacious fish Research.
The key constraints that most results of study show animal and vegetable protein Peru Fish Dietary is to replace grazing rate after fish flour Reduce and then cause growth to decline, material ratio raises.It is therefore desirable to the high efficiency composition developing a kind of applicable commodity production use lures Food growth-promoting additive, this compound food attractant-growth promoting additive can not only improve feed intake and the grazing speed of Japan Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis), it is possible to Effectively facilitate Japan's Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) growth and reduce feed coefficient, saving aquaculture cost.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of efficient compound food attractant-growth promoting additive and preparation thereof and application, be used for solving The problem that during animal and vegetable protein Peru Fish Dietary, raw material palatability is deteriorated, thus make up the deficiencies in the prior art.
A kind of high efficiency composition food attractant-growth promoting additive, including following components, by weight,
115 ~ 125 parts of sepiellae seu sepiae powder,
Egg albumen powder 15 ~ 25 parts,
Taurine 15 ~ 25 parts,
Yeast extract 10 ~ 17 parts,
Plants essential oil 1 ~ 2 part,
Semen Vitis viniferae extract 4 ~ 6 parts,
Described plants essential oil is by carvacrol and thymol mixing gained.
Described egg albumen powder is protein hydrolysate powder, preferably hydrolyzed fish protein powder and/or hydrolysis krill egg albumen powder.
The preparation method of a kind of above-mentioned high efficiency composition food attractant-growth promoting additive is additionally provided, all of raw material is crossed 80 Mesh, then mixes, and to obtain final product, and described egg albumen powder is by protease hydrolyzed, is subsequently adding antioxidant, spray-dried institute ?.
A kind of above-mentioned high efficiency composition food attractant-growth promoting additive is provided to prepare the application in ocean fishes feedstuff again.
A kind of above-mentioned high efficiency composition food attractant-growth promoting additive is provided to prepare the application in the feedstuff of Japan Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) again.
A kind of above-mentioned high efficiency composition food attractant-growth promoting additive is provided to prepare the application in the feedstuff of Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) again.
Described high efficiency composition food attractant-growth promoting additive accounts for the 2% of feedstuff gross weight.
A kind of above-mentioned high efficiency composition food attractant-growth promoting additive answering in improving ocean fishes Feeding Velocity or food ration is provided With.
The advantage of the high efficiency composition food attractant-growth promoting additive that the present invention provides is:
The additive of the present invention, while being greatly improved food ration, reduces feed coefficient, has greatly saved cultivation Cost.It addition, the additive of the present invention can improve the Feeding Velocity of the Japanese Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) of 20%.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is further described below in conjunction with specific embodiment.Unless stated otherwise, the present invention use reagent, Equipment and method are the art conventional commercial reagent, equipment and conventional use of method.
Embodiment 1
When preparing the high efficiency composition food calling growth-promoting additive of the present invention, first by fish flour and krill meal protease hydrolyzed Rear addition 0.10% antioxidant, spray-dried obtaining hydrolyzes fish or krill protease solution thing dry powder.Then by above-mentioned each component Raw material pulverizing;Cross 80 eye mesh screens;Take sepiellae seu sepiae powder 12 kg after pulverizing and sieving, hydrolyzed fish protein powder 2.0 kg, hydrolysis krill albumen Powder 2.0 kg, taurine 1.3 kg, yeast extract 2.0 kg, plants essential oil (carvacrol: Moschus grass meal=1:1) 0.2 kg and Semen Vitis viniferae extract 0.5 kg.Mix each component step by step, use the compound food attractant-growth promoting additive mixed to add day to afterwards In this Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) business mixed feed, reduce fish meal protein accordingly, then the experiment preparing high efficiency composition food attractant-growth promoting additive is raised Material.The Lateolabrax japonicus fish meal used is commercially available sea big Japan No. 6 feedstuffs of Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) (fish flour consumption 30%).
Test result indicate that of sea-gull island, Fanyu, Guangdong 10 weeks by a definite date, uses above-mentioned high efficiency composition food attractant-growth promoting additive to add It is added in Lateolabrax japonicus fish meal (adding 2.0%), reduces fish meal protein accordingly, food ration and the weightening finish of Japan Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) can be improved Rate, can reduce feed coefficient simultaneously, and experimental result see table.
Every tail initial weight (g) of empirical average Average every tail end weight (g) Average every tail food ration (g) Feed coefficient (forage volume/weight gain of ingesting)
Add food calling growth promotion raw material 2% of the present invention 78±1 256±5b 232±6b 1.3±0.03a
It is not added with group 78±1 210±6a 184±7a 1.4±0.02b
Test result indicate that: add the compound food attractant-growth promoting additive of the present invention can improve Japanese Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) food ration and Rate of body weight gain, can reduce feed coefficient simultaneously, saves aquaculture cost.
Embodiment 2
When preparing the high efficiency composition food calling growth-promoting additive of the present invention, first by fish flour and krill meal protease hydrolyzed Rear addition 0.10% antioxidant, spray-dried obtaining hydrolyzes fish or krill protease solution thing dry powder.Then by above-mentioned each component Raw material pulverizing;Cross 80 eye mesh screens;Take sepiellae seu sepiae powder 11.5 kg after pulverizing and sieving, hydrolyzed fish protein powder 2.5 kg, hydrolysis krill egg White lead 1.5 kg, taurine 1.7 kg, yeast extract 2.1 kg, plants essential oil (carvacrol: Moschus grass meal=1:1) 0.15 kg With Semen Vitis viniferae extract 0.55 kg.Mix each component step by step, use the compound food attractant-growth promoting additive mixed to add afterwards In Lateolabrax japonicus fish monger's industry mixed feed, reduce fish meal protein accordingly, then prepare the reality of high efficiency composition food attractant-growth promoting additive Test feedstuff.The Lateolabrax japonicus fish meal used is commercially available sea big Japan No. 6 feedstuffs of Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) (fish flour consumption 30%).
The case verification time is: on August 7,1 day to 2012 August in 2012.Choose sluice gate market, Pearl River Delta, south China Japan Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) cultivating pool 20 feeds the Lateolabrax japonicus fish meal that this example provides, and alternative takes 20 ponds and feeds normal diet;Above The Seedling time that puts of 40 pool mouths chosen is in December, 2011, and middle breeding process is thrown something and fed normally, infinitely raises operation, puts in a suitable place to breed Consistent in density, the grazing rate ending above-mentioned 40 pool mouth Japan Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) on August 1st, 2012 is close.Following table Feeding Velocity represents For: the time required for 80 jin of feedstuffs of ingesting every day every mu (investigates above-mentioned 40 pond every mu of throwings average every day before case verification Feed about 80 jin of feedstuffs).
Feeding Velocity (every day every mu ingests the time required for 80 jin of feedstuffs)
Of the present invention group (N=20) 32 ± 4 minutes
General commercial feedstuff group (N=20) * 40 ± 5 minutes
* N represents pond quantity.
Test result indicate that, use the compound food attractant-growth promoting raw material of the present invention can improve the Feeding Velocity of Japan Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) 20%.

Claims (7)

1. a high efficiency composition food attractant-growth promoting additive, it is characterised in that include following components, by weight,
115 ~ 125 parts of sepiellae seu sepiae powder,
Egg albumen powder 15 ~ 25 parts,
Taurine 15 ~ 25 parts,
Yeast extract 10 ~ 17 parts,
Plants essential oil 1 ~ 2 part,
Semen Vitis viniferae extract 4 ~ 6 parts,
Described plants essential oil is by carvacrol and thymol mixing gained;
The object that feeds of described high efficiency composition food attractant-growth promoting additive is Japan Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis).
High efficiency composition food attractant-growth promoting additive the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described egg albumen powder is hydrolysis Egg albumen powder.
High efficiency composition food attractant-growth promoting additive the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described protein hydrolysate powder is Hydrolyzed fish protein powder and/or hydrolysis krill egg albumen powder.
4. the preparation method of the high efficiency composition food attractant-growth promoting additive described in a claim 1, it is characterised in that by all of 80 mesh crossed by raw material, then mix, and to obtain final product,
Described egg albumen powder is by protease hydrolyzed, is subsequently adding antioxidant, spray-dried gained.
5. the application in the feedstuff of preparation Japan Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) of the high efficiency composition food attractant-growth promoting additive described in a claim 1.
Application the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that it is total that described high efficiency composition food attractant-growth promoting additive accounts for feedstuff The 2% of weight.
7. the high efficiency composition food attractant-growth promoting additive described in a claim 1 is improving Japan's Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) Feeding Velocity or food ration In application.
CN201410388424.XA 2014-08-08 2014-08-08 Efficient compound attractant growth promoting additive and preparation and application thereof Active CN104206822B (en)

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CN105533267A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-05-04 宁波大学 Special phagostimulant for sepia pharaonis and application of special phagostimulant
CN107874016A (en) * 2017-10-13 2018-04-06 金华市川璞农业科技有限公司 Catfish food calling nutritional agents
CN108077596A (en) * 2018-01-04 2018-05-29 广东越群海洋生物研究开发有限公司 A kind of largemouth bass starter diet and preparation method thereof
CN112998133B (en) * 2021-02-24 2022-08-23 中国科学院上海药物研究所 Plant essential oil amino acid composition and preparation method thereof

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JP3237935B2 (en) * 1992-12-22 2001-12-10 日本農産工業株式会社 Feed for eel farming
CN100334967C (en) * 2005-09-02 2007-09-05 中国海洋大学 Compound phagostimulant for Chinese shrimp
CN101611764A (en) * 2009-07-15 2009-12-30 无锡华诺威动物保健品有限公司 A kind of compound aquatic product feeding promoting agent
CN102987093A (en) * 2012-10-29 2013-03-27 安佑(中国)动物营养研发有限公司 Feeding plant essential oil additive as well as preparation and application of additive
CN103431192B (en) * 2013-07-19 2015-06-10 清远海贝生物技术有限公司 Special feeding accelerant for Penaeus vannamei, and preparation method thereof
CN103392922B (en) * 2013-07-19 2015-01-21 安佑生物科技集团有限公司 Compound feed additive capable of improving health level of animal
CN103478483B (en) * 2013-09-06 2015-01-21 广东海大集团股份有限公司 Hydrolysed fish protein complex used for replacing squid liver paste or squid liver powder in prawn fodder

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