CN104206252A - Vegetable containing box - Google Patents

Vegetable containing box Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104206252A
CN104206252A CN201310209594.2A CN201310209594A CN104206252A CN 104206252 A CN104206252 A CN 104206252A CN 201310209594 A CN201310209594 A CN 201310209594A CN 104206252 A CN104206252 A CN 104206252A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
vegetables
carrier box
box
solution
atomizer
Prior art date
Application number
CN201310209594.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周枢
吴剑
费兆军
胡中林
Original Assignee
海尔集团公司
青岛海高设计制造有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 海尔集团公司, 青岛海高设计制造有限公司 filed Critical 海尔集团公司
Priority to CN201310209594.2A priority Critical patent/CN104206252A/en
Priority claimed from JP2016600031U external-priority patent/JP3205266U/en
Publication of CN104206252A publication Critical patent/CN104206252A/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • A01G31/06Hydroponic culture on racks or in stacked containers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention provides a vegetable containing box. The vegetable containing box comprises a solution containing box and an illumination assembly, wherein the solution containing box is oppositely provided with a high-level liquid inlet and a low-level liquid outlet, and the illumination assembly is located under the solution containing box. The bottom of the vegetable containing box is provided with the illumination assembly, when the vegetable containing boxes are used in a stacked mode, the illumination assembly at the bottom of the vegetable containing box at the upper layer provides enough light for the vegetable containing box at the lower layer, and accordingly the vegetables in the vegetable containing box can obtain enough light to grow or keep fresh.

Description

Vegetables Carrier box
Technical field
The present invention relates to fresh-keeping of vegetables or planting technology field, relate in particular to a kind of vegetables Carrier box.
Background technology
Cultivation technique without soil is an important fresh-keeping of vegetables or planting technology.At present, in soilless culture field, generally, by being placed on bracing frame of multiple cultivating groove layerings, the cultivating groove of multilayer is interconnected by pipeline, makes nutrient solution successively flow to the cultivating groove of basecoat from the cultivating groove at top.Wherein, having the problem of blocking between cultivation between layers, is also the cultivating groove of last layer exists shading problem to lower one deck cultivating groove, causes lower floor's cultivating groove illumination deficiency.
Summary of the invention
Provide hereinafter about brief overview of the present invention, to the basic comprehension about some aspect of the present invention is provided.Should be appreciated that this general introduction is not about exhaustive general introduction of the present invention.It is not that intention is determined key of the present invention or pith, and nor is it intended to limit the scope of the present invention.Its object is only that the form of simplifying provides some concept, using this as the preorder in greater detail of discussing after a while.
The invention provides a kind of vegetables Carrier box, exist mutual shading to cause the problem of lower floor's cultivating groove illumination deficiency in order to solve existing cultivating groove.
The invention provides a kind of vegetables Carrier box, comprise and be relatively set with the solution Carrier box of high-order inlet and low level liquid outlet and be positioned at the illumination assembly of solution Carrier box below.
Its bottom of vegetables Carrier box provided by the invention is provided with illumination assembly, in the time of stacked use, the illumination assembly of upper strata vegetables Carrier box bottom is for lower floor's vegetables Carrier box provides enough illumination, makes vegetables in lower floor's vegetables Carrier box obtain that enough illumination is grown or fresh-keeping.
Brief description of the drawings
Below with reference to the accompanying drawings illustrate embodiments of the invention, can understand more easily above and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention.Parts in accompanying drawing are just in order to illustrate principle of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings, same or similar technical characterictic or parts will adopt same or similar Reference numeral to represent.
The explosive view of the vegetables Carrier box that Fig. 1 provides for the embodiment of the present invention;
Light source in the vegetables Carrier box that Fig. 2 provides for the embodiment of the present invention and the structural representation of a kind of embodiment of LGP;
The explosive view of the vegetables Carrier box that Fig. 3 provides for another embodiment of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals:
Inlet-1; Fluid course-2; Water conservancy diversion cuts off-3;
Atomizer cover plate-4; Liquid outlet-5; Atomizer-6;
Solution Carrier box-7; Vegetables shelf-8; Through hole-9;
Stopple-10; Cross reinforcement-11; Water swivel-12;
Round platform section-13; Pipe section-14; Magnetic valve-15;
LGP-16; Lampshade-17; Controller-18;
First Line light source-19; The second line source-20; Flat light source-21;
Illumination assembly-22.
Embodiment
Embodiments of the invention are described with reference to the accompanying drawings.The element of describing in an accompanying drawing of the present invention or a kind of embodiment and feature can combine with element and feature shown in one or more other accompanying drawing or embodiment.It should be noted that for purposes of clarity, in accompanying drawing and explanation, omitted expression and the description of unrelated to the invention, parts known to persons of ordinary skill in the art and processing.
The explosive view of the vegetables Carrier box that Fig. 1 provides for the embodiment of the present invention.As shown in Figure 1, the vegetables Carrier box of the embodiment of the present invention one, comprises the illumination assembly 22 that is relatively set with the solution Carrier box 7 of high-order inlet 1 and low level liquid outlet 5 and is positioned at solution Carrier box 7 belows.
Its bottom of vegetables Carrier box provided by the invention is provided with illumination assembly 22, in the time of stacked use, the illumination assembly 22 of upper strata vegetables Carrier box bottom is for lower floor's vegetables Carrier box provides enough illumination, makes vegetables in lower floor's vegetables Carrier box obtain that enough illumination is grown or fresh-keeping.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, illumination assembly 22 comprises light source and LGP 16, and light source and LGP 16 are equipped with, and LGP 16 is for being evenly distributed the light that light source sends.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, as shown in Figure 2, as the optional embodiment of one, light source comprises First Line light source 19 and the second line source 20, is symmetricly set on respectively LGP 16 both sides.
First Line light source 19 and the second line source 20 include multiple linearly aligned flat light sources 21 that are.
When First Line light source 19 or the second line source 20 are luminous, carry out leaded light by LGP 16, make whole LGP 16 uniformly light-emittings, be converted to area source by line source, can improve to greatest extent like this utilization rate of illumination, and can reduce power consumption, effectively save the energy.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, multiple flat light sources 21 are white light source, make like this light in usage space approach available light, can meet vegetable growth or fresh-keeping illumination needs.
Find after deliberation, some vegetable growth or fresh-keeping main needs be the spectrum that red light and blue light are corresponding, therefore as a kind of optional embodiment, multiple flat light sources 21 comprise red light source and blue-light source, can make like this vegetables better grow or fresh-keeping.
Multiple flat light sources 21 also comprise red light source, blue-light source and white light source, like this can be according to the required spectrum of selecting flexibly of vegetable growth, and promotion vegetables better grow or are fresh-keeping, extend the fresh-keeping duration of vegetables.
In actual use, multiple flat light sources 21 are detachably arranged at vegetables Carrier box bottom, in the time having other flat light source 21 to go wrong, are convenient for changing, and user is the color of setting unit light source 21 as required.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, flat light source 21 is LED(Light Emitting Diode; Light emitting diode), when LED is luminous, produce extremely low heat, can not exert an influence to the temperature in thermal-insulating body, and it to be low to consume energy, the life-span is long, can effectively save electric energy.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, in order to protect flat light source 21, prevent that flat light source 21 from damaging because condensate water appears in surface,, at the lampshade 17 of light source and LGP 16 peripheries, lampshade 17, for the protection of light source, preferably adopts the material that light transmittance is high to make.
The different phase of vegetable growth is also different to the demand of illumination, therefore as a kind of optional embodiment, the vegetables Carrier box that the present embodiment provides also comprises the controller 18 for controlling light-source brightness, controller 18 is electrically connected with light source, for obtaining illumination control signal and regulating the brightness of light source according to illumination control signal.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, as shown in Figure 3, above solution Carrier box 7, be provided with vegetables shelf 8, in solution Carrier box 7, cut off 3 by protruding water conservancy diversion and form tortuous fluid course 2, in fluid course 2, be provided with atomizer 6, and the top of vegetables shelf 8 relative fluid courses 2 is built on stilts.
Because inlet 1 is higher than liquid outlet 5, nutrient solution under the effect of gravity in the interior trickling of fluid course 2, and be not full of whole solution Carrier box 7, make to there is overhead space between fluid course 2 and vegetables shelf 8, by atomizer 6, nutrient solution is carried out to atomization, the nutrient solution after atomization diffuses to whole overhead space and absorbs for vegetable root system.Can control by atomizer 6 atomization quantity of nutrient solution, control the growth progress of vegetables, correspondingly make vegetables normal growth, slowly growth or zero growth, to reach best fresh-keeping effect.
Atomizer 6 can be, but not limited to as ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory.
Due to the effect of tortuous fluid course, make nutrient solution in whole vegetables Carrier box, form a nutrient solution stream,, there is not dead angle in the whole vegetables Carrier box of flowing through, makes the interior nutrient solution composition of vegetables Carrier box more even, is beneficial to the equilibrium growth of vegetables.In addition, the top of vegetables shelf 8 relative fluid courses 2 is built on stilts, makes the root system of vegetables be suspended from the top of fluid course 2, has eliminated mobile the bring adverse effect of root system to nutrient solution, and has been conducive to root system respiration, has improved the absorbing capacity to nutriment.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, on inlet 1 and liquid outlet 5, be respectively equipped with water swivel 12, at least one water swivel comprises firm core joint and is coated on the flexible material layer of firm core joint periphery.Water swivel 12 is connected with inlet 1 and liquid outlet 5 by the mode of pegging graft, and is convenient to carry out disassembling section, in addition, at the flexible material layer of rigid joint outer wrapping, the elastic reaction being had by himself can carry out self-correcting, to ensure the sealing effectiveness after grafting in the time pegging graft.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, steel core joint comprises round platform section 13 and the pipe section 14 that is connected to round platform section 13 miner diameter ends, and the conical surface of round platform section 13 is towards the inside of vegetables Carrier box.Pipe section 14 has guide effect, the installation of being convenient to peg graft.Round platform section 13, for realizing sealing, because the outer peripheral face diameter of round platform section 13 increases gradually, makes its inlet 1 that can adapt to multiple apertures and/or liquid outlet 5.Even become greatly because of wearing and tearing because plug-in mounting repeatedly causes inlet 1 and/or liquid outlet 5, the adaptive capacity in the multiple apertures by round platform section 13, can ensure good sealing effectiveness equally.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, on steel core joint, be connected with magnetic valve 15.Magnetic valve 15 can adopt normally closed solenoid valve, adopts normally closed solenoid valve can prevent at water swivel 12 from inlet 1 is extracted, and the nutrient solution in pipeline occurs that the problem of leaking occurs.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, in order to protect atomizer 6, prevent that the root system that vegetables produce from damaging atomizer 6 downwards, above atomizer 6, lid is established an atomizer cover plate 4, and this atomizer cover plate 4 has covering effect to atomizer 6.Atomizer cover plate 4 can also make the gas of atomization change direction, to surrounding diffusion, is conducive to diffuse in whole solution Carrier box 7, so that the vegetables of planting in this vegetables Carrier box everywhere all can absorb nutriment comparatively fully.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, atomizer cover plate 4 comprises top board, and the both sides of top board are connected with the gripper shoe of downward bending, and the lower end of gripper shoe is fixedly connected with solution Carrier box 7.Atomizer cover plate 4 can be by this kind of structure, connect easy, dependable performance.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, be arranged side by side multiple water conservancy diversion and cut off 3 in solution Carrier box 7, every two adjacent water conservancy diversion cut off 3 both sides that are placed in solution Carrier box 7.Adopt this kind of structure to make the circulation path of fluid course 2 in solution Carrier box 7 longer, the whole space that solution can be flowed through in solution Carrier box 7, and the flowing time of nutrient solution in fluid course 2 is longer, make the vegetables of planting each position in this vegetables Carrier box all can absorb fully nutriment, to grow.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, in order to reduce the flow resistance in nutrient solution flow process, ensure the mobile stability of nutrient solution, multiple water conservancy diversion partitions 3 are parallel to each other.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, in order to ensure the fluid course 2 of a complete bending of the interior formation of solution Carrier box 7, prevent that nutrient solution is flowed directly to opposite side from a side of solution Carrier box 7, every two adjacent water conservancy diversion partitions 3 have the portion of overlapping on the projecting direction that cuts off 3 perpendicular to water conservancy diversion, and mobile nutrient solution commutates and flows at coincidence part.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, it is the strip plate vertically arranging that water conservancy diversion cuts off 3, adopts strip plate to carry out water conservancy diversion to liquid, has saved again the space in solution Carrier box 7.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, the axis of inlet 1 and liquid outlet 5 is all horizontally disposed with, and is parallel to each other.Make this vegetables Carrier box to carry out dismounting by along continuous straight runs, be convenient to inlet 1 and liquid outlet 5 and external pipeline system and peg graft.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, inlet 1 and liquid outlet 5 are positioned at the homonymy of solution Carrier box 7, while making this vegetables Carrier box along continuous straight runs carry out dismounting, can synchronously complete the plug of inlet 1 and liquid outlet 5.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, for the nutrient solution that ensures atomization can diffuse in whole solution Carrier box 7 comparatively uniformly, atomizer 6 is arranged to the middle part of solution Carrier box 7.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, as shown in Figure 2, for vegetables are maked somebody a mere figurehead, make the root system of vegetables be arranged in air, be beneficial to control the growth conditions of vegetables, reach fresh-keeping object.Above solution Carrier box, be provided with vegetables shelf 8, the top of vegetables shelf 8 relative fluid courses 2 is built on stilts.When use, vegetables shelf 8 is used for carrying vegetables, and the root system of vegetables is positioned at overhead space.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, vegetables shelf 8 is tabular component, on vegetables shelf 8, be laid with multiple through holes 9, vegetables are inserted in through hole 9, in the overhead space of the root system of vegetables between vegetables shelf 8 and fluid course 2, the root system of vegetables is the mobile adverse effect that causes to nutrient solution not.The root system of vegetables is positioned at overhead space and can fully contacts with air on the one hand, is conducive to the breathing of root system, and root system can be grown from the nutrient solution that absorbs atomization in overhead space on the other hand.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, in through hole 9, be provided with pluggable stopple 10.Stopple 10 is arranged in the through hole 9 of not inserting vegetables.Stopple 10 is set in the through hole 9 of not inserting vegetables and can prevents that the nutrient solution of atomization from distributing in through hole 9 on the one hand, and cause waste, can prevent that on the other hand dirt from dropping in solution Carrier box 7 from through hole 9, and pollute nutrient solution.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, on vegetables shelf 8, there is multiple through holes setting area, in each through hole setting area, there is a cross reinforcement 11, through hole setting area is divided into four-quadrant region by cross reinforcement 11, is provided with a through hole 9 in each quadrant in four-quadrant region.Adopt this kind of structure, strengthen the rigidity of vegetables shelf 8, make it can bear the weight of vegetables, to make the built on stilts top that is positioned at nutrient solution of vegetables, the root system that is vegetables is positioned at the nutrient solution that absorbs atomization in the air, be beneficial to better control by controlling the atomization quantity of nutrient solution the growth conditions of vegetables, make the corresponding normal growth of vegetables, slowly growth or zero growth, realize the fresh-keeping object of vegetables.
Finally it should be noted that: above embodiment only, in order to technical scheme of the present invention to be described, is not intended to limit; Although the present invention is had been described in detail with reference to previous embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that: its technical scheme that still can record aforementioned each embodiment is modified, or part technical characterictic is wherein equal to replacement; And these amendments or replacement do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution depart from the spirit and scope of various embodiments of the present invention technical scheme.

Claims (15)

1. a vegetables Carrier box, is characterized in that, comprises and is relatively set with the solution Carrier box of high-order inlet and low level liquid outlet and is positioned at the illumination assembly of solution Carrier box below.
2. vegetables Carrier box according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described illumination assembly comprises light source and is arranged on the LGP on described light source emitting light path.
3. vegetables Carrier box according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described light source comprises: many groups are symmetricly set on the line source of described LGP both sides.
4. according to the arbitrary described vegetables Carrier box of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that, described solution Carrier box top is provided with vegetables shelf, in described solution Carrier box, cut off and form tortuous fluid course by protruding water conservancy diversion, in described fluid course, be provided with atomizer, and the top of the relative fluid course of described vegetables shelf is built on stilts.
5. vegetables Carrier box according to claim 4, is characterized in that, on inlet and liquid outlet, is respectively equipped with water swivel, and described at least one, water swivel comprises firm core joint and the flexible material layer that is coated on firm core joint periphery.
6. vegetables Carrier box according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described steel core joint comprises round platform section and the pipe section that is connected to round platform section miner diameter end, and the conical surface of described round platform section is towards the inside of described vegetables Carrier box.
7. vegetables Carrier box according to claim 5, is characterized in that, on described steel core joint, is connected with magnetic valve.
8. vegetables Carrier box according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described atomizer top is covered with atomizer cover plate.
9. vegetables Carrier box according to claim 8, is characterized in that, described atomizer cover plate comprises top board, and the both sides of described top board are connected with the gripper shoe of downward bending, and the lower end of described gripper shoe is fixedly connected with described solution Carrier box.
10. vegetables Carrier box according to claim 4, is characterized in that, has been arranged side by side multiple described water conservancy diversion and cuts off in described solution Carrier box, and every two adjacent described water conservancy diversion cut off the both sides of the described solution Carrier box that is placed in.
11. vegetables Carrier boxs according to claim 10, is characterized in that, multiple described water conservancy diversion partitions are parallel to each other.
12. vegetables Carrier boxs according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described water conservancy diversion cuts off the strip plate arranging for vertically.
13. vegetables Carrier boxs according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described atomizer is positioned at the middle part of described solution Carrier box.
14. vegetables Carrier boxs according to claim 4, is characterized in that, on described vegetables shelf, are laid with through hole.
15. vegetables Carrier boxs according to claim 14, is characterized in that, are provided with pluggable stopple in described through hole.
CN201310209594.2A 2013-05-30 2013-05-30 Vegetable containing box CN104206252A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310209594.2A CN104206252A (en) 2013-05-30 2013-05-30 Vegetable containing box

Applications Claiming Priority (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310209594.2A CN104206252A (en) 2013-05-30 2013-05-30 Vegetable containing box
JP2016600031U JP3205266U (en) 2013-05-30 2014-03-31 Vegetable loading case
EP14804526.3A EP3005859B1 (en) 2013-05-30 2014-03-31 Vegetable carrying box
PCT/CN2014/074366 WO2014190797A1 (en) 2013-05-30 2014-03-31 Vegetable bearing case
US14/894,855 US10299449B2 (en) 2013-05-30 2014-03-31 Vegetable carrying box

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104206252A true CN104206252A (en) 2014-12-17

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310209594.2A CN104206252A (en) 2013-05-30 2013-05-30 Vegetable containing box

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104206252A (en)

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CN2371793Y (en) * 1999-05-24 2000-04-05 刘刚 Vegetable cultivation box without soil
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KR20120138055A (en) * 2011-06-14 2012-12-24 배동현 Automatic Circulation Water Vegetable Growing Box
CN202635277U (en) * 2012-05-25 2013-01-02 林铭村 Hydroponic solution supplying device
CN202663875U (en) * 2012-07-31 2013-01-16 赵崇铉 Plant factory bearing frame unit integrated with light source supply equipment
CN102893970A (en) * 2012-11-09 2013-01-30 临沂三禾永佳动力有限公司 Fan-shaped seamless spraying device of spraying machine
CN202722195U (en) * 2012-04-18 2013-02-13 罗棣楹 Light-emitting diode (LED) optical disk three-dimensional multilayer film type water culture frame
CN202750548U (en) * 2012-08-30 2013-02-27 林铭村 Circulating fluid supplying device for water culture
CN202759950U (en) * 2012-06-28 2013-03-06 光茵生物科技股份有限公司 Multifunctional planter
CN202884103U (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-04-17 厦门市台亚塑胶有限公司 Ball valve for agricultural irrigation

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2116862U (en) * 1992-03-05 1992-09-23 潍坊电子注塑总厂 Compound humidifier spray nozzle
CN2128565Y (en) * 1992-07-10 1993-03-24 陈伟达 Multi-purpose atomizer
CN2371793Y (en) * 1999-05-24 2000-04-05 刘刚 Vegetable cultivation box without soil
CN201028726Y (en) * 2007-04-07 2008-02-27 美的集团有限公司 Humidifier
CN101883484A (en) * 2007-08-03 2010-11-10 德寿工业株式会社 Hydroponic culture system
CN201160412Y (en) * 2008-01-17 2008-12-10 莫家贤 Plant growing basin
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CN101858628A (en) * 2010-04-29 2010-10-13 冯泽基 Fog-spraying cover of humidifying fan
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KR20120138055A (en) * 2011-06-14 2012-12-24 배동현 Automatic Circulation Water Vegetable Growing Box
CN202535843U (en) * 2011-10-20 2012-11-21 宁波美灵塑模制造有限公司 Mist type intelligent box cultivation device
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CN202759950U (en) * 2012-06-28 2013-03-06 光茵生物科技股份有限公司 Multifunctional planter
CN202663875U (en) * 2012-07-31 2013-01-16 赵崇铉 Plant factory bearing frame unit integrated with light source supply equipment
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CN202884103U (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-04-17 厦门市台亚塑胶有限公司 Ball valve for agricultural irrigation

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Application publication date: 20141217