CN104206245A - Vegetable bearing box - Google Patents

Vegetable bearing box Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104206245A
CN104206245A CN201310209841.9A CN201310209841A CN104206245A CN 104206245 A CN104206245 A CN 104206245A CN 201310209841 A CN201310209841 A CN 201310209841A CN 104206245 A CN104206245 A CN 104206245A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
vegetables
carrier box
solution
water conservancy
conservancy diversion
Prior art date
Application number
CN201310209841.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
费兆军
吴剑
周枢
胡中林
Original Assignee
海尔集团公司
青岛海高设计制造有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 海尔集团公司, 青岛海高设计制造有限公司 filed Critical 海尔集团公司
Priority to CN201310209841.9A priority Critical patent/CN104206245A/en
Priority claimed from PCT/CN2014/074366 external-priority patent/WO2014190797A1/en
Publication of CN104206245A publication Critical patent/CN104206245A/en

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention provides a vegetable bearing box. The vegetable bearing box comprises a solution bearing box and a vegetable containing plate arranged above the solution bearing box. Zigzag liquid flowing channels are formed in the solution bearing box through protruding diversion partitions. The vegetable containing plate is overhung relative to the tops of the liquid flowing channels. By means of the vegetable bearing box with the zigzag liquid flowing channels, nutrient solutions form a nutrient solution stream in the whole vegetable bearing box and flow through the whole vegetable bearing box without causing dead corners, and therefore nutrient solution components in the vegetable bearing box are made even, and balanced growth of vegetables is facilitated. In addition, the vegetable containing plate is overhung relative to the tops of the liquid flowing channels, and therefore root systems of vegetables are overhung above the liquid flowing channels, negative influences of root systems on flowing of nutrient solutions are eliminated, breath of root systems is facilitated, and nutrient absorption capacity is improved.

Description

Vegetables Carrier box
Technical field
The present invention relates to fresh-keeping of vegetables or planting technology field, relate in particular to a kind of vegetables Carrier box.
Background technology
Cultivation technique without soil is an important fresh-keeping of vegetables or planting technology.At present, in soilless culture field, generally, by being placed on bracing frame of a plurality of cultivating groove layerings, the cultivating groove of multilayer is interconnected by pipeline, makes nutrient solution from the cultivating groove at top, successively flow to the cultivating groove of basecoat.Existing cultivating groove is a simple rectangular channel, the root system of vegetables is located immediately in the nutrient solution of cultivating groove, during mobile in cultivating groove of nutrient solution, keep to the side and the position of groove angle exists nutrient solution flow blind angle, and mobile the cause adverse effect of root system to nutrient solution, cause nutrition skewness, affect the growth of vegetables.
Summary of the invention
Provide hereinafter about brief overview of the present invention, to the basic comprehension about some aspect of the present invention is provided.Should be appreciated that this general introduction is not about exhaustive general introduction of the present invention.It is not that intention is determined key of the present invention or pith, and nor is it intended to limit the scope of the present invention.Its object is only that the form of simplifying provides some concept, usings this as the preorder in greater detail of discussing after a while.
The invention provides a kind of vegetables Carrier box, in order to solve existing cultivating groove, have nutrient solution flow blind angle, cause nutrition skewness, and vegetable root system flows and to cause adverse effect nutrient solution, affect the problem of the growth of vegetables.
The invention provides a kind of vegetables Carrier box, the vegetables shelf that comprises solution Carrier box and be arranged at described solution Carrier box top, in described solution Carrier box, by protruding water conservancy diversion, cut off and formed tortuous fluid course, the top of the relatively described fluid course of described vegetables shelf is built on stilts.
Vegetables Carrier box provided by the invention has tortuous fluid course, making nutrient solution in whole vegetables Carrier box, form a nutrient solution stream,, there is not dead angle in the whole vegetables Carrier box of flowing through, make the interior nutrient solution composition of vegetables Carrier box more even, be beneficial to the equilibrium growth of vegetables.In addition, the top of the relative fluid course of vegetables shelf is built on stilts, makes the root systems of vegetables be suspended from the top of fluid course, has eliminated mobile the bring adverse effect of root system to nutrient solution, and has been conducive to root system respiration, has improved the absorbing capacity to nutriment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below with reference to the accompanying drawings illustrate embodiments of the invention, can understand more easily above and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention.Parts in accompanying drawing are just in order to illustrate principle of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings, same or similar technical characterictic or parts will adopt same or similar Reference numeral to represent.
The explosive view of the vegetables Carrier box that Fig. 1 provides for the embodiment of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals:
Inlet-1; Fluid course-2; Water conservancy diversion cuts off-3;
Atomizer cover plate-4; Liquid outlet-5; Atomizer-6;
Solution Carrier box-7; Vegetables shelf-8; Through hole-9;
Stopple-10; Cross reinforcement-11.
Embodiment
Embodiments of the invention are described with reference to the accompanying drawings.The element of describing in an accompanying drawing of the present invention or a kind of embodiment and feature can combine with element and feature shown in one or more other accompanying drawing or embodiment.It should be noted that for purposes of clarity, in accompanying drawing and explanation, omitted expression and the description of unrelated to the invention, parts known to persons of ordinary skill in the art and processing.
The explosive view of the vegetables Carrier box that Fig. 1 provides for the embodiment of the present invention.As shown in Figure 1, the vegetables Carrier box of the embodiment of the present invention, the vegetables shelf 8 that comprises solution Carrier box 7 and be arranged at solution Carrier box 7 tops, cuts off 3 by protruding water conservancy diversion in solution Carrier box 7 and forms tortuous fluid course 2, and the top of vegetables shelf 8 relative fluid courses 2 is built on stilts.
Vegetables Carrier box provided by the invention has tortuous fluid course, making nutrient solution in whole vegetables Carrier box, form a nutrient solution stream,, there is not dead angle in the whole vegetables Carrier box of flowing through, make the interior nutrient solution composition of vegetables Carrier box more even, be beneficial to the equilibrium growth of vegetables.In addition, the top of vegetables shelf 8 relative fluid courses 2 is built on stilts, makes the root systems of vegetables be suspended from the top of fluid course 2, has eliminated mobile the bring adverse effect of root system to nutrient solution, and has been conducive to root system respiration, has improved the absorbing capacity to nutriment.
In actual use, nutrient solution enters in solution Carrier box 7 from the high-order inlet 1 of solution Carrier box 7, under the effect of gravity, along fluid course 2 tricklings of bending, and is full of whole fluid course 2, until discharge from the liquid outlet 5 of low level.Nutrient solution flows along the fluid course 2 of bending, makes nutrient solution in solution Carrier box 7, not have dead angle, guarantees in solution Carrier box 7 freshness of nutrient solution and the uniformity of nutrition everywhere.
Vegetables shelf 8 is tabular component, is laid with a plurality of through holes 9 on vegetables shelf 8, and vegetables are inserted in through hole 9, and in the overhead space of the root system of vegetables between vegetables shelf 8 and fluid course 2, the root system of vegetables is the mobile adverse effect that causes to nutrient solution not.The root system of vegetables is positioned at overhead space and can fully contacts with air on the one hand, is conducive to the breathing of root system, and root system can be grown from absorbing the nutrient solution of atomization in overhead space on the other hand.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, in through hole 9, be provided with pluggable stopple 10.Stopple 10 is arranged in the through hole 9 of not inserting vegetables.Stopple 10 is set in the through hole 9 of not inserting vegetables and can prevents that the nutrient solution of atomization from distributing in through hole 9 on the one hand, and cause waste, can prevent that on the other hand dirt from dropping in solution Carrier box 7 from through hole 9, and pollute nutrient solution.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, on vegetables shelf 8, there is a plurality of through holes setting area, in each through hole setting area, there is a cross reinforcement 11, cross reinforcement 11 is divided into four-quadrant region by through hole setting area, is provided with a through hole 9 in each quadrant in four-quadrant region.Adopt this kind of structure, strengthened the rigidity of vegetables shelf 8, make it can bear the weight of vegetables, to make the built on stilts top that is positioned at nutrient solution of vegetables, the root system that is vegetables is positioned at the nutrient solution that absorbs atomization in the air, be beneficial to better by controlling the atomization quantity of nutrient solution, control the growth conditions of vegetables, make the corresponding normal growth of vegetables, slowly growth or zero growth, realize the fresh-keeping object of vegetables.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, in order to control the atomization quantity of nutrient solution, to control the growth conditions of vegetables, solution Carrier box 7 has high-order inlet 1 and low level liquid outlet 5, and fluid course 2, between the interior inlet 1 of solution Carrier box 7 and liquid outlet 5, is provided with atomizer 6 in fluid course 2.Inlet 1 is higher than liquid outlet 5, nutrient solution under the effect of gravity in the interior trickling of fluid course 2, and be not full of whole solution Carrier box 7, make to there is overhead space between fluid course 2 and vegetables shelf 8, by atomizer, nutrient solution is carried out to atomization, the nutrient solution after atomization diffuses to whole overhead space and absorbs for vegetable root system.Can by atomizer 6, control the atomization quantity of nutrient solution, control the growth progress of vegetables, to reach best fresh-keeping effect.
Atomizer 6 can be, but not limited to as ultrasonic ultrasonic delay line memory.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, in order to protect atomizer 6, prevent that the root system that vegetables produce from damaging atomizer 6 downwards, above atomizer 6, lid is established an atomizer cover plate 4, and 4 pairs of atomizers 6 of this atomizer cover plate have covering effect.Atomizer cover plate 4 can also make the gas of atomization change direction, to surrounding diffusion, is conducive to diffuse in whole solution Carrier box 7, so that the vegetables of planting in this vegetables Carrier box everywhere all can absorb nutriment comparatively fully.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, atomizer cover plate 4 comprises top board, and the both sides of top board are connected with the gripper shoe of downward bending, and the lower end of gripper shoe is fixedly connected with solution Carrier box 7.Atomizer cover plate 4 can be by this kind of structure, connect easy, dependable performance.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, be arranged side by side a plurality of water conservancy diversion and cut off 3 in solution Carrier box 7, every two adjacent water conservancy diversion cut off 3 both sides that are placed in solution Carrier box 7.Adopt this kind of structure to make the circulation path of fluid course 2 in solution Carrier box 7 longer, the whole space that solution can be flowed through in solution Carrier box 7, and the flowing time of nutrient solution in fluid course 2 is longer, make the vegetables of planting each position in this vegetables Carrier box all can absorb fully nutriment, to grow.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, in order to reduce the flow resistance in nutrient solution flow process, guarantee the mobile stability of nutrient solution, a plurality of water conservancy diversion partitions 3 are parallel to each other.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, in order to guarantee the fluid course 2 of a complete bending of the interior formation of solution Carrier box 7, prevent that nutrient solution is flowed directly to opposite side from a side of solution Carrier box 7, every two adjacent water conservancy diversion partitions 3 have the portion of overlapping on the projecting direction perpendicular to water conservancy diversion partition 3, and mobile nutrient solution commutates and flows at coincidence part.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, it is the strip plate vertically arranging that water conservancy diversion cuts off 3, adopts strip plate to carry out water conservancy diversion to liquid, has saved again the space in solution Carrier box 7.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, the axis of inlet 1 and liquid outlet 5 is all horizontally disposed with, and is parallel to each other.Make this vegetables Carrier box to carry out dismounting by along continuous straight runs, be convenient to inlet 1 and liquid outlet 5 and external pipeline system and peg graft.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, inlet 1 and liquid outlet 5 are positioned at the homonymy of solution Carrier box 7, while making this vegetables Carrier box along continuous straight runs carry out dismounting, can synchronously complete the plug of inlet 1 and liquid outlet 5.
Further, based on above-described embodiment, in order to guarantee that the nutrient solution of atomization can diffuse in whole solution Carrier box 7 comparatively uniformly, is arranged at atomizer 6 middle part of solution Carrier box 7.
Finally it should be noted that: above embodiment only, in order to technical scheme of the present invention to be described, is not intended to limit; Although the present invention is had been described in detail with reference to previous embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that: its technical scheme that still can record aforementioned each embodiment is modified, or part technical characterictic is wherein equal to replacement; And these modifications or replacement do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution depart from the spirit and scope of various embodiments of the present invention technical scheme.

Claims (14)

1. a vegetables Carrier box, it is characterized in that, the vegetables shelf that comprises solution Carrier box and be arranged at described solution Carrier box top, is cut off and is formed tortuous fluid course by protruding water conservancy diversion in described solution Carrier box, and the top of the relatively described fluid course of described vegetables shelf is built on stilts.
2. vegetables Carrier box according to claim 1, is characterized in that, on described vegetables shelf, is laid with through hole.
3. vegetables Carrier box according to claim 2, is characterized in that, is provided with pluggable stopple in described through hole.
4. vegetables Carrier box according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, on described vegetables shelf, there is a plurality of through holes setting area, described in each, in through hole setting area, there is a cross reinforcement, described cross reinforcement is divided into four-quadrant region by described through hole setting area, is provided with a described through hole in each quadrant in described four-quadrant region.
5. according to the arbitrary described vegetables Carrier box of claim 1-4, it is characterized in that, described solution Carrier box has high-order inlet and low level liquid outlet, and described fluid course between described inlet and described liquid outlet, is provided with atomizer in described fluid course in described solution Carrier box.
6. vegetables Carrier box according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described atomizer top is covered with atomizer cover plate.
7. vegetables Carrier box according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described atomizer cover plate comprises top board, and the both sides of described top board are connected with the gripper shoe of downward bending, and the lower end of described gripper shoe is fixedly connected with described solution Carrier box.
8. according to the arbitrary described vegetables Carrier box of claim 1-4, it is characterized in that, in described solution Carrier box, be arranged side by side a plurality of described water conservancy diversion and cut off, every two adjacent described water conservancy diversion cut off the both sides of the described solution Carrier box that is placed in.
9. vegetables Carrier box according to claim 8, is characterized in that, a plurality of described water conservancy diversion partitions are parallel to each other.
10. vegetables Carrier box according to claim 9, is characterized in that, every two adjacent described water conservancy diversion partitions have the portion of overlapping on the projecting direction cutting off perpendicular to described water conservancy diversion.
11. according to the arbitrary described vegetables Carrier box of claim 1-4, it is characterized in that, described water conservancy diversion cuts off the strip plate arranging for vertically.
12. vegetables Carrier boxs according to claim 5, is characterized in that, the axis of described inlet and described liquid outlet is all horizontally disposed with, and is parallel to each other.
13. vegetables Carrier boxs according to claim 12, is characterized in that, described inlet and described liquid outlet are positioned at the homonymy of described solution Carrier box.
14. vegetables Carrier boxs according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described atomizer is positioned at the middle part of described solution Carrier box.
CN201310209841.9A 2013-05-30 2013-05-30 Vegetable bearing box CN104206245A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310209841.9A CN104206245A (en) 2013-05-30 2013-05-30 Vegetable bearing box

Applications Claiming Priority (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310209841.9A CN104206245A (en) 2013-05-30 2013-05-30 Vegetable bearing box
PCT/CN2014/074366 WO2014190797A1 (en) 2013-05-30 2014-03-31 Vegetable bearing case
EP14804526.3A EP3005859B1 (en) 2013-05-30 2014-03-31 Vegetable carrying box
JP2016600031U JP3205266U (en) 2013-05-30 2014-03-31 Vegetable loading case
US14/894,855 US10299449B2 (en) 2013-05-30 2014-03-31 Vegetable carrying box

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104206245A true CN104206245A (en) 2014-12-17

Family

ID=52088467

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310209841.9A CN104206245A (en) 2013-05-30 2013-05-30 Vegetable bearing box

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104206245A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105794622A (en) * 2016-04-20 2016-07-27 中国农业科学院作物科学研究所 Plant water culture method and special device thereof
CN107173210A (en) * 2017-07-07 2017-09-19 天顺农业技术(深圳)有限责任公司 The cultivator and its cultural method of a kind of long-term cropping
CN108901804A (en) * 2018-06-30 2018-11-30 李丹 A kind of cultivation apparatus without soil and the nutrient solution applied to the cultivation apparatus without soil
WO2019071656A1 (en) * 2017-10-10 2019-04-18 福建省中科生物股份有限公司 Cultivation device, multi-layer three-dimensional cultivation system and plant factory planting system

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20060218860A1 (en) * 2005-03-21 2006-10-05 Defrancesco Gabriel P System 4000 - Hydroponics System
CN202077459U (en) * 2011-05-06 2011-12-21 郑州市蔬菜研究所 Cabinet type automatic water supply soilless cultivation device
CN102499049A (en) * 2011-10-20 2012-06-20 宁波美灵塑模制造有限公司 Gas spray type intelligent box body culture device
CN202750548U (en) * 2012-08-30 2013-02-27 林铭村 Circulating fluid supplying device for water culture

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20060218860A1 (en) * 2005-03-21 2006-10-05 Defrancesco Gabriel P System 4000 - Hydroponics System
CN202077459U (en) * 2011-05-06 2011-12-21 郑州市蔬菜研究所 Cabinet type automatic water supply soilless cultivation device
CN102499049A (en) * 2011-10-20 2012-06-20 宁波美灵塑模制造有限公司 Gas spray type intelligent box body culture device
CN202750548U (en) * 2012-08-30 2013-02-27 林铭村 Circulating fluid supplying device for water culture

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105794622A (en) * 2016-04-20 2016-07-27 中国农业科学院作物科学研究所 Plant water culture method and special device thereof
CN107173210A (en) * 2017-07-07 2017-09-19 天顺农业技术(深圳)有限责任公司 The cultivator and its cultural method of a kind of long-term cropping
WO2019071656A1 (en) * 2017-10-10 2019-04-18 福建省中科生物股份有限公司 Cultivation device, multi-layer three-dimensional cultivation system and plant factory planting system
EP3586609A4 (en) * 2017-10-10 2020-06-03 Fujian Sanan Sino-Science Photobiotech Co., Ltd. Cultivation device, multi-layer three-dimensional cultivation system and plant factory planting system
CN108901804A (en) * 2018-06-30 2018-11-30 李丹 A kind of cultivation apparatus without soil and the nutrient solution applied to the cultivation apparatus without soil

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN205124483U (en) Portable house kind dish device
CN203538045U (en) Column-shaped plant water culture frame
AU2014208274B2 (en) Flowerpot with water distribution device
CN105132286B (en) Multilayer cell culture vessel
JP6613525B2 (en) Plant cultivation equipment
CN201609050U (en) Multi-layer plant breeding bracket
CN203040433U (en) Gardening landscape ecological aquarium
US20120017506A1 (en) Integrated vertical planting module
CN202112086U (en) Draining guide piece of plant cultivating container
CN103477911A (en) Space plant culture device
CN103429069A (en) Green wall having internal air circulation
CN103262783A (en) Three-dimensional soil-less cultivating device
CN104039136B (en) The apparatus of oxygen supply of organ perfusion's system
WO2016070684A1 (en) U-shaped kit for unmanned farm helicopters
CN202949805U (en) Dual-purpose irrigation kettle
CN101554125A (en) Facade greening module
CN102986482B (en) Greenhouse crop irrigation system and method with ideal regulation and control effect
WO2009019804A1 (en) Hydroponic culture system
JP2016154473A (en) Hollow cultivation tank
KR101232644B1 (en) Bed for growing hydroponic vegetables
CA2868352C (en) Liquid dispensing device
CN201450932U (en) Water-holding type flower pot
CN106171932B (en) A kind of soilless culture nutrient fluid multiple stage circulation utilizes device
CN204014676U (en) Full-automatic water-supplying flowerpot
CN205035357U (en) Deposit device of culture dish

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20141217

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication