CN104206185B - A kind of seedling grafting method - Google Patents

A kind of seedling grafting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104206185B
CN104206185B CN201410407040.8A CN201410407040A CN104206185B CN 104206185 B CN104206185 B CN 104206185B CN 201410407040 A CN201410407040 A CN 201410407040A CN 104206185 B CN104206185 B CN 104206185B
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Prior art keywords
grafting
scion
stock
bud
otch
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CN104206185A (en
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张陆贤
徐小刚
左秋玉
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Huizhou Baicheng Environmental Engineering Co., Ltd.
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TONGCHENG KING ARTS SEEDLINGS Co Ltd
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Abstract

Disclosed by the invention is a kind of seedling grafting method.Method includes following steps:(1) the full scion of bud lower knife at the 1.5cm of top 1 of scion branch bud is selected, band xylem, which is directly put down downwards, cuts to bud 2.0cm, and laterally tiltedly partial application uses auxin soaking before removing bud tablets, grafting;(2) before grafting, stock is irrigated seven days with fertilizer, pours once sooner or later daily, otch is carried out at the liftoff 20cm of stock, the tangent plane of the otch is identical with scion length and width;(3) scion is inserted to the otch of stock, is close in the cut sides of stock, is frapped with one of pressure one of plastic film strip is genuine, in addition to bud exposes, wound, which is all twined, sternly to frap;Observation three days, the grafting again not survived.The engrafting method of the present invention provides nutrient by using auxin soaking scion to scion, and stock is irrigated in advance, the nutrient demand of scion and stock is fully met, so as to be effectively improved the survival rate of seedling grafting.

Description

A kind of seedling grafting method
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of seedling grafting method, belong to planting technical field.
Background technology:
One of grafting, artificial nutrition propagation method of plant.I.e. the branch or bud of a kind of plant, another plant is grafted onto Stem or root on, two parts being connected together is grown up to a complete plant.Grafting is that have more using after plant injury The function of wound during grafting, makes two forming layers for hindering face close and tightened together come what is carried out, as a result because of hyperplasia, that The entirety that this healing links together as vascular tissue.Here it is the principle of grafting.The branch or bud connected, is called and connects Fringe, the plant connect is called stock or platform wood.Turn into the top or top of plant after scion grafting;After stock grafting into For the root system part of plant.
At present, for commodity nursery stock grafting and breeding due to being influenceed by many factors, graft survival rate is often very low, no Certain restriction is only formd to nursery stock development, and causes drawback, one is multiple benefit grafting, and the cultivation period of commercial seedling becomes It is long, greatly improve seedling cost;Two be postponed commercial seedling listing best period, cause nursery stock selling price it is relatively low, warp Benefit of helping is not high.
The content of the invention:
The present invention seeks to for making up the deficiencies in the prior art, and provide a kind of survival rate high seedling grafting method.
To achieve these goals, technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of seedling grafting method, including following steps:
(1) scion is handled:Select the full scion of bud lower knife at the top 1-1.5cm of scion branch bud, band xylem Straight put down downwards cuts to bud 2.0cm, and laterally tiltedly partial application uses auxin soaking 3-4h before removing bud tablets, grafting;
(2) stock is handled:Before grafting, stock is irrigated seven days with fertilizer, is poured once sooner or later daily, it is liftoff in stock Progress otch, 45 ° obliquely of otch at 20cm, the tangent plane of the otch is identical with scion length and width;
(3) grafting:Grafting is carried out under conditions of temperature is 23-26 DEG C, scion is inserted to the otch of stock, is close to anvil In the cut sides of wood, frapped with one of pressure one of plastic film strip is genuine, in addition to bud exposes, wound, which is all twined, sternly to frap;Observation three My god, the grafting again not survived.
A kind of described seedling grafting method, is made up per 1000g fertilizer of the raw material of following weight:Ammonium nitrate 0.1- 0.2g, potassium nitrate 0.1-0.2g, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate 0.1-0.2g, urea 0.2-0.4g, calcium nitrate 0.05-0.08g, magnesium sulfate 0.01-0.02g, ferrous sulfate 0.05-0.08g, boric acid 0.002-0.006g, manganese sulfate 0.003-0.005g, copper sulphate 0.003-0.005g, stalk are 500g, and surplus is water.
A kind of described seedling grafting method, the fertilizer through the following steps that obtain:By ammonium nitrate, potassium nitrate, After ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, urea, calcium nitrate, magnesium sulfate, ferrous sulfate, boric acid, manganese sulfate and copper sulphate are completely dissolved with water respectively, Mixing, adds and adds water to 500g, be placed in stalk in fermentation vat after the completion of the 12-24h that ferments, fermentation and obtain fertilizer.
A kind of described seedling grafting method, the concentration of the auxin is 10-15ppm.
A kind of described seedling grafting method, for cutting scion branch bud and being passed through for the cutter for manufacturing stock otch Cross sterilizing operation.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:
The engrafting method of the present invention provides nutrient by using auxin soaking scion to scion, and stock is irrigated in advance, fully The nutrient demand of scion and stock is met, so as to be effectively improved the survival rate of seedling grafting, the number of secondary grafting is reduced Amount, so as to reduce cost.
By the culture experiment to ginkgo, using silver of the ginkgo than conventional method grafting of the engrafting method grafting of the present invention The survival rate of apricot improves 31%, reaches 98%;By the culture experiment to yulan, using engrafting method grafting of the invention Yulan improves 33% than the survival rate of the yulan of conventional method grafting, reaches 97%.
Embodiment:
In order that technological means, creation characteristic, reached purpose and effect that the present invention is realized are easy to understand, tie below Specific embodiment is closed, the present invention is expanded on further.
Embodiment 1:
In the present embodiment, a kind of seedling grafting method, including following steps:
(1) scion is handled:Select the full scion of bud lower knife at the top 1-1.5cm of scion branch bud, band xylem Straight put down downwards cuts to bud 2.0cm, and laterally tiltedly partial application uses auxin soaking 3-4h before removing bud tablets, grafting;The life The concentration of long element is 10ppm;
(2) stock is handled:Before grafting, stock is irrigated seven days with fertilizer, is poured once sooner or later daily, it is liftoff in stock Progress otch, 45 ° obliquely of otch at 20cm, the tangent plane of the otch is identical with scion length and width;For cutting scion branch bud With the cutter for manufacturing stock otch by sterilizing operation;
(3) grafting:Grafting is carried out under conditions of temperature is 23-26 DEG C, scion is inserted to the otch of stock, is close to anvil In the cut sides of wood, frapped with one of pressure one of plastic film strip is genuine, in addition to bud exposes, wound, which is all twined, sternly to frap;Observation three My god, the grafting again not survived.
It is made up per 1000g fertilizer of the raw material of following weight:Ammonium nitrate 0.2g, potassium nitrate 0.1g, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate 0.1g, Urea 0.2g, calcium nitrate 0.08g, magnesium sulfate 0.01g, ferrous sulfate 0.08g, boric acid 0.002g, manganese sulfate 0.005g, copper sulphate 0.003rd, stalk is 500g, and surplus is water.By ammonium nitrate, potassium nitrate, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, urea, calcium nitrate, magnesium sulfate, sulfuric acid After ferrous iron, boric acid, manganese sulfate and copper sulphate are completely dissolved with water respectively, mixing adds and adds water to 500g, fermentation vat is placed in stalk Middle fermentation 12-24h, fertilizer is obtained after the completion of fermentation.
By the culture experiment to ginkgo, using the present embodiment engrafting method grafting ginkgo than conventional method grafting The survival rate of ginkgo improves 31%, reaches 98%.
Embodiment 2:
In this implementation, a kind of seedling grafting method, including following steps:
(1) scion is handled:Select the full scion of bud lower knife at the top 1-1.5cm of scion branch bud, band xylem Straight put down downwards cuts to bud 2.0cm, and laterally tiltedly partial application uses auxin soaking 3-4h before removing bud tablets, grafting;The life Long element volume concentration is 15ppm;
(2) stock is handled:Before grafting, stock is irrigated seven days with fertilizer, is poured once sooner or later daily, it is liftoff in stock Progress otch, 45 ° obliquely of otch at 20cm, the tangent plane of the otch is identical with scion length and width;For cutting scion branch bud With the cutter for manufacturing stock otch by sterilizing operation;
(3) grafting:Grafting is carried out under conditions of temperature is 23-26 DEG C, scion is inserted to the otch of stock, is close to anvil In the cut sides of wood, frapped with one of pressure one of plastic film strip is genuine, in addition to bud exposes, wound, which is all twined, sternly to frap;Observation three My god, the grafting again not survived.
A kind of described seedling grafting method, is made up per 1000g fertilizer of the raw material of following weight:Ammonium nitrate 0.2g, nitre Sour potassium 0.2g, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate 0.2g, urea 0.4g, calcium nitrate 0.05g, magnesium sulfate 0.02g, ferrous sulfate 0.05g, boric acid 0.002g, manganese sulfate 0.003g, copper sulphate 0.005g, stalk are 500g, and surplus is water.By ammonium nitrate, potassium nitrate, biphosphate After ammonium, urea, calcium nitrate, magnesium sulfate, ferrous sulfate, boric acid, manganese sulfate and copper sulphate are completely dissolved with water respectively, mixing adds 500g is added water to, is placed in stalk in fermentation vat after the completion of the 12-24h that ferments, fermentation and obtains fertilizer.
By the culture experiment to yulan, using the present embodiment engrafting method grafting yulan than conventional method grafting The survival rate of yulan improves 33%, reaches 97%.
By above-mentioned two embodiment, engrafting method of the invention is carried by using auxin soaking scion to scion Support and divide, stock is irrigated in advance, fully meets the nutrient demand of scion and stock, so as to be effectively improved seedling grafting Survival rate, reduces the quantity of secondary grafting, so as to reduce cost.
By the culture experiment to above-described embodiment 1 and the ginkgo of embodiment 2, using the silver of the engrafting method grafting of the present invention Apricot improves 31% than the survival rate of the ginkgo of conventional method grafting, reaches 98%;By the culture experiment to yulan, using this The yulan of the engrafting method grafting of invention improves 33% than the survival rate of the yulan of conventional method grafting, reaches 97%, fully The nutrient demand of scion and stock is met, so as to be effectively improved the survival rate of seedling grafting, the number of secondary grafting is reduced Amount, so as to reduce cost.
The general principle and principal character and advantages of the present invention of the present invention has been shown and described above.The technology of the industry Personnel are it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the simply explanation described in above-described embodiment and specification is originally The principle of invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and modifications of the present invention are possible, these changes Change and improvement all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention by appending claims and its Equivalent thereof.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of seedling grafting method, it is characterised in that including following steps:
(1) scion is handled:Select the full scion of bud lower knife at the top 1-1.5cm of scion branch bud, band xylem it is straight to Lower put down cuts to bud 2.0cm, and laterally tiltedly partial application uses auxin soaking 3-4h, the auxin before removing bud tablets, grafting Concentration be 10-15ppm;
(2) stock is handled:Before grafting, stock is irrigated seven days with fertilizer, is poured once sooner or later daily, in the liftoff 20cm of stock Place's progress otch, 45 ° obliquely of otch, the tangent plane of the otch is identical with scion length and width;
(3) grafting:Grafting is carried out under conditions of temperature is 23-26 DEG C, scion is inserted to the otch of stock, is close to stock In cut sides, frapped with one of pressure one of plastic film strip is genuine, in addition to bud exposes, wound, which is all twined, sternly to frap;Observation three days, not The grafting again survived;
It is made up per 1000g fertilizer of the raw material of following weight:Ammonium nitrate 0.1-0.2g, potassium nitrate 0.1-0.2g, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate 0.1-0.2g, urea 0.2-0.4g, calcium nitrate 0.05-0.08g, magnesium sulfate 0.01-0.02g, ferrous sulfate 0.05-0.08g, boron Sour 0.002-0.006g, manganese sulfate 0.003-0.005g, copper sulphate 0.003-0.005g, stalk are 500g, and surplus is water;
The fertilizer through the following steps that obtain:By ammonium nitrate, potassium nitrate, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, urea, calcium nitrate, sulfuric acid After magnesium, ferrous sulfate, boric acid, manganese sulfate and copper sulphate are completely dissolved with water respectively, mixing adds and adds water to 500g, put with stalk Fermented 12-24h in fermentation vat, and fertilizer is obtained after the completion of fermentation;
It is described to be used for cutting scion branch bud and operated for the cutter for manufacturing stock otch by sterilizing.
CN201410407040.8A 2014-08-18 2014-08-18 A kind of seedling grafting method Active CN104206185B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105875336A (en) * 2016-05-24 2016-08-24 甘肃省农业科学院林果花卉研究所 Method for increasing fruit nursery stock grafting survival rate and uniformity degree

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN105613062B (en) * 2016-03-22 2018-09-11 中国热带农业科学院橡胶研究所 A kind of rubber select tree tender tip grafting childrenization method for culturing seedlings
CN106973705A (en) * 2017-04-19 2017-07-25 苏州淳和环境科技有限公司 The engrafting method of daisy nursery stock
CN108718752B (en) * 2018-08-01 2021-03-02 南京林业大学 Ginkgo grafting method
CN110800491A (en) * 2019-12-16 2020-02-18 江苏省中国科学院植物研究所 Method for grafting magnolia sieboldii on white magnolia used as rootstock
CN111011020A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-04-17 滁州联润生态农业发展有限公司 Grafting method for seedling planting

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CN1184873C (en) * 2002-11-14 2005-01-19 四川大学 Regulating type bud grafting method of tree growth hormone
KR20120102931A (en) * 2011-03-09 2012-09-19 김재규 For the production of coffee and coffee trees and planting of trees grafted to rubiaceae
CN102503642B (en) * 2011-10-31 2014-01-22 河南农业大学 Preparation method of organic and inorganic compound fertilizer special for tobaccos
CN103081699B (en) * 2013-02-06 2015-02-11 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Oil camellia bud seedling stock-grafting propagation method in winter and spring
CN103275333A (en) * 2013-05-31 2013-09-04 苏州农业职业技术学院 Like-humic acid substance extracted from crop straw and preparation method of compound fertilizer thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105875336A (en) * 2016-05-24 2016-08-24 甘肃省农业科学院林果花卉研究所 Method for increasing fruit nursery stock grafting survival rate and uniformity degree

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Effective date of registration: 20181113

Address after: 516000 Room 203, Building B, Yikang Garden Street, 61 Eling South Road, Huicheng District, Huizhou City, Guangdong Province (office only)

Patentee after: Huizhou Baicheng Environmental Engineering Co., Ltd.

Address before: 231430 Yuejin Village, Kong Town, Tongcheng City, Anqing, Anhui

Patentee before: Tongcheng King Arts Seedlings Co., Ltd.