CN104206135B - A kind of efficient cottage method that can improve crape myrtle survival rate - Google Patents

A kind of efficient cottage method that can improve crape myrtle survival rate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104206135B
CN104206135B CN201410383760.5A CN201410383760A CN104206135B CN 104206135 B CN104206135 B CN 104206135B CN 201410383760 A CN201410383760 A CN 201410383760A CN 104206135 B CN104206135 B CN 104206135B
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cuttage
branch
parts
basic unit
germination
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CN104206135A (en
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付良兵
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JINZHAI WANZIQIANHONG AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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JINZHAI WANZIQIANHONG AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Abstract

Can improve an efficient cottage method for crape myrtle survival rate, be chosen in that physical features is smooth, road and irrigation and drainage convenient, the field of loosing soil, fertile, water conservation, fertilizer conservation is as cuttage field; In cuttage field, cover sandy soil that one deck 3-10cm is thick as cuttage basic unit; Select the more than 2 years branch of three fork-shapeds as cuttage branch, shear apart from three 0.2-1cm of branch intersection bottom, stays a longer major branch bar in the middle of top, and 2 times, both sides branch is cut short; Three fork-shaped cuttage branches are inserted in cuttage basic unit, and 2 branches of both sides insert in cuttage basic unit, stay a major branch bar on top, and when cuttage, temperature is controlled between 15-25 DEG C, and cuttage substrate humidity is between 15-25%; After germination, branch is pruned, only retained a major branch head; From cuttage to duration of germination, do not apply fertilizer, keep soil moisture between 15-25%, temperature is between 15-25 DEG C; Sprout after 7-15 days, execute 500 kilograms of farm manures for every mu, the subsequent growth cycle routinely management method manage.

Description

A kind of efficient cottage method that can improve crape myrtle survival rate
Technical field
The present invention relates to cuttage technique field, be specifically related to a kind of efficient skewer that can improve crape myrtle survival rateInsert method.
Background technology
Crape myrtle, another name crape myrtle, all round victory. For Lythraceae Lagerstroemia dicotyledon. Originate in AsiaSouth and the north, Australia. All there is distribution in China East China, Central China, south China and southwest, and generally cultivate various places.Crape myrtle tree performance grace, the smooth cleaning of trunk, pattern is gorgeous; While blooming, lack adolescence, florescence just when the autumn in summerExtremely long, by opening to September June, therefore there is the title of " crape myrtle ", there are again " midsummer green hoodwink, this premiumFull hall " the word of praise, be to see flower, see dry, to see root potted landscape good timber. It likes light, slightly resistance to the moon; Like warmWeather, likes fertile, moistening and well-drained soil, drought-enduring, is afraid of waterlogging. Rudiment is strong, grows slower,Life-span is long, to the resistance of sulfur dioxide, hydrogen fluoride and nitrogen, can suck pernicious gas. Crape myrtle is purpleNew varieties of being bred in the first three years new discovery by logical sequence mountain flower lumberyard in common vetch tree, young sprout and 5-7 monthlyFor red bar, ornamental value is high.
Crape myrtle can adopt sowing, cuttage or division propagation conventionally, at present taking seminal propagation as main, but thisPlant propagation method seedling effect bad, survive the winter impaired larger; And adopt the operation of division propagation comparatively loaded down with trivial details,Also to focus on the pruning of crape myrtle. And not system of existing cuttage technique, rooting rate is not high, especiallyIn summer, easily dehydration is dead, or because of humidity excessive, deficiency in draught, or lack of water wilting etc. is various formerBecause causing damage.
Summary of the invention
It is simple that technical problem to be solved by this invention is to improve a kind of method, is convenient to practical operation, energyEnough improve the efficient cottage method of crape myrtle survival rate.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention realizes by the following technical solutions:
The efficient cottage method that can improve crape myrtle survival rate, method step is as follows:
1) be chosen in that physical features is smooth, road and irrigation and drainage convenient, loosing soil, fertile, water conservation, fertilizer conservationField is as cuttage field;
2) in cuttage field, cover sandy soil that one deck 3-10cm is thick as cuttage basic unit, wherein sandy soil be by50 parts of fine sands, 30 parts of loess, 5 parts of leaf moulds, 2 parts, mountain mud, 2 parts, the mud in dry cellar for storing things, garlic end 0.5 part, sawdust15 parts, 1 part of egg shell powder, 0.5 part, cigarette ash, 1 part of honeysuckle, 1 part of clove leaf, 2 parts, ground rice, tobacco 1Part, 0.5 part of root-inducing powder, 0.5 part of Os Sus domestica powder, 1 part of peppermint, 2 parts of rape cakes and 2 parts, wheat bran are mixed after crushedClose and form;
3) select the more than 2 years branch of three fork-shapeds as cuttage branch, bottom is apart from three branch intersections0.2-1cm shears, and stays a longer major branch bar in the middle of top, and 2 times, both sides branch is cut short;
4) three fork-shaped cuttage branches are inserted in cuttage basic unit, 2 branches of both sides insert cuttage basic unitIn, stay a major branch bar on top, when cuttage, temperature is controlled between 15-25 DEG C, and cuttage substrate humidity existsBetween 15-25%;
5) after germination, branch is pruned, only retained a major branch head, other end of the branch cuts off, and is convenient to mainEnd of the branch fully absorbs nutrition, Fast Growth;
6) from cuttage to duration of germination, do not apply fertilizer, keep soil moisture between 15-25%, temperature is at 15-25Between DEG C; Because probably contain bacterium in fertilizer in fertilising process, be unfavorable for germinateing;
7) sprout after 7-15 days, execute 500 kilograms of farm manures for every mu, the subsequent growth cycle manager routinelyMethod manages.
Further, described farm manure is by 50 parts, the mud in dry cellar for storing things, 10 parts of beanstalk ashes, organic 15 parts, corruptionGrow 20 parts, soil, 5 parts of beancake powders, 20 parts of natural pond slags, 5 parts of smoked cow dungs, 5 parts, sawdust, 5 parts of red yeast rices, Chinese sorghum2 parts, shell, 5 parts of rice-straw ashes, 0.3 part of lotus root starch, 0.3 part of organic selenium fertilizer of fermentation, 1 part of cotton seed meal, 1 part of rice vinegar,20 parts of 5 parts of 0.5 part of Ground Cloves, tealeaves ashes, 2 parts of capsicum leaf ashes and bark powder are mixed;
Described tealeaves ash is that the tealeaves steeping is dried, after burning ashes, capsicum leaf ash is by freshCapsicum leaf dries, the ash after burning; Bark powder is that bark is dried, and pulverizing makes.
Described smoked cow dung is that cow dung is covered on weeds and lighted smoked making for 12-36 hour with fire.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the inventive method simple possible, compared with traditional propagation method,Survival rate of the present invention can reach more than 90%, has greatly improved the survival rate of crape myrtle, has reduced planting cost,Improve economic benefit.
Detailed description of the invention
For technological means, creation characteristic that the present invention is realized, reach object and effect is easy to understandSeparate, below in conjunction with specific embodiment, further set forth the present invention.
The efficient cottage method that can improve crape myrtle survival rate, method step is as follows:
1) be chosen in that physical features is smooth, road and irrigation and drainage convenient, loosing soil, fertile, water conservation, fertilizer conservationField is as cuttage field;
2) in cuttage field, cover sandy soil that one deck 3-10cm is thick as cuttage basic unit, wherein sandy soil be by50 parts of fine sands, 30 parts of loess, 5 parts of leaf moulds, 2 parts, mountain mud, 2 parts, the mud in dry cellar for storing things, garlic end 0.5 part, sawdust15 parts, 1 part of egg shell powder, 0.5 part, cigarette ash, 1 part of honeysuckle, 1 part of clove leaf, 2 parts, ground rice, tobacco 1Part, 0.5 part of root-inducing powder, 0.5 part of Os Sus domestica powder, 1 part of peppermint, 2 parts of rape cakes and 2 parts, wheat bran are mixed after crushedClose and form;
3) select the more than 2 years branch of three fork-shapeds as cuttage branch, bottom is apart from three branch intersections0.2-1cm shears, and stays a longer major branch bar in the middle of top, and 2 times, both sides branch is cut short;
4) three fork-shaped cuttage branches are inserted in cuttage basic unit, 2 branches of both sides insert cuttage basic unitIn, stay a major branch bar on top, when cuttage, temperature is controlled between 15-25 DEG C, and cuttage substrate humidity existsBetween 15-25%;
5) after germination, branch is pruned, only retained a major branch head, other end of the branch cuts off, and is convenient to mainEnd of the branch fully absorbs nutrition, Fast Growth;
6) from cuttage to duration of germination, do not apply fertilizer, keep soil moisture between 15-25%, temperature is at 15-25Between DEG C; Because probably contain bacterium in fertilizer in fertilising process, be unfavorable for germinateing;
7) sprout after 7-15 days, execute 500 kilograms of farm manures for every mu, the subsequent growth cycle manager routinelyMethod manages.
Further, described farm manure is by 50 parts, the mud in dry cellar for storing things, 10 parts of beanstalk ashes, organic 15 parts, corruptionGrow 20 parts, soil, 5 parts of beancake powders, 20 parts of natural pond slags, 5 parts of smoked cow dungs, 5 parts, sawdust, 5 parts of red yeast rices, Chinese sorghum2 parts, shell, 5 parts of rice-straw ashes, 0.3 part of lotus root starch, 0.3 part of organic selenium fertilizer of fermentation, 1 part of cotton seed meal, 1 part of rice vinegar,20 parts of 5 parts of 0.5 part of Ground Cloves, tealeaves ashes, 2 parts of capsicum leaf ashes and bark powder are mixed;
Described tealeaves ash is that the tealeaves steeping is dried, after burning ashes, capsicum leaf ash is by freshCapsicum leaf dries, the ash after burning; Bark powder is that bark is dried, and pulverizing makes.
Described smoked cow dung is that cow dung is covered on weeds and lighted smoked making for 12-36 hour with fire.
More than show and described general principle of the present invention and principal character and advantage of the present invention. One's own professionThe technical staff of industry should understand, and the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments, above-described embodiment and explanationThat in book, describes just illustrates principle of the present invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention,The present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall into claimed model of the present inventionIn enclosing. The claimed scope of the present invention is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (1)

1. the efficient cottage method that can improve crape myrtle survival rate, is characterized in that, method step asUnder:
1) be chosen in that physical features is smooth, road and irrigation and drainage convenient, loosing soil, fertile, water conservation, fertilizer conservationField is as cuttage field;
2) in cuttage field, cover sandy soil that one deck 3-10cm is thick as cuttage basic unit, wherein sandy soil be by50 parts of fine sands, 30 parts of loess, 5 parts of leaf moulds, 2 parts, mountain mud, 2 parts, the mud in dry cellar for storing things, garlic end 0.5 part, sawdust15 parts, 1 part of egg shell powder, 0.5 part, cigarette ash, 1 part of honeysuckle, 1 part of clove leaf, 2 parts, ground rice, tobacco 1Part, 0.5 part of root-inducing powder, 0.5 part of Os Sus domestica powder, 1 part of peppermint, 2 parts of rape cakes and 2 parts, wheat bran are mixed after crushedClose and form;
3) select the more than 2 years branch of three fork-shapeds as cuttage branch, bottom is apart from three branch intersections0.2-1cm shears, and stays a longer major branch bar in the middle of top, and 2 times, both sides branch is cut short;
4) three fork-shaped cuttage branches are inserted in cuttage basic unit, 2 branches of both sides insert cuttage basic unitIn, stay a major branch bar on top, when cuttage, temperature is controlled between 15-25 DEG C, and cuttage substrate humidity existsBetween 15-25%;
5) after germination, branch is pruned, only retained a major branch head, other end of the branch cuts off, and is convenient to mainEnd of the branch fully absorbs nutrition, Fast Growth;
6) from cuttage to duration of germination, do not apply fertilizer, keep soil moisture between 15-25%, temperature existsBetween 15-25 DEG C;
7) sprout after 7-15 days, execute 500 kilograms of farm manures for every mu, the subsequent growth cycle manager routinelyMethod manages.
CN201410383760.5A 2014-08-06 2014-08-06 A kind of efficient cottage method that can improve crape myrtle survival rate Active CN104206135B (en)

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