CN104202697B - Adaptive automatic left sound track and right sound track switching stereo headphone - Google Patents

Adaptive automatic left sound track and right sound track switching stereo headphone Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104202697B
CN104202697B CN201410477856.8A CN201410477856A CN104202697B CN 104202697 B CN104202697 B CN 104202697B CN 201410477856 A CN201410477856 A CN 201410477856A CN 104202697 B CN104202697 B CN 104202697B
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China
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earphone
signal lead
signal
wire
electronic switch
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CN201410477856.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104202697A (en
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王辉
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苏州大学
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Abstract

The invention discloses an adaptive automatic left sound track and right sound track switching stereo headphone. The adaptive automatic left sound track and right sound track switching stereo headphone comprises an adaptive switching device, wherein the adaptive switching device comprises a position information acquiring device, a memory, a main control chip and an electronic sound track selector switch; the position information acquiring device is assembled in a left headphone body and/or a right headphone body; preset first logic position information of the left headphone body and preset second logic position information of the right headphone body are stored in the memory; the main control chip are respectively connected with the position information acquiring device and the memory electrically; the electronic sound track selector switch is electrically connected with the main control chip; physical position information acquired by a position information sensor is compared to the preset logic position information by the control chip; and the main control chip controls the electronic sound track selector switch, so that a left sound track and a right sound track are switched over, and the left sound track and the right sound track of the stereo headphone can be automatically switched over adaptively.

Description

A kind of self adaptation left and right acoustic channels automatic switchover stereophone

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of stereophone and in particular to a kind of self adaptation left and right acoustic channels automatically switch stereo ear Machine.

Background technology

At present, increasing people likes on the portable players such as mobile phone, mp3 and mp4 and glad on notebook computer Reward music and viewing film and television.User appreciating music using notebook computer and portable player and watches film and television When can insert earphone, from stereo 5.1 sound channels till now of early stage, the development of sound equipment gives people to provide more preferable audition sense It is subject to.At present, notebook will not place corresponding adjustment left and right acoustic channels according to the left and right of earphone with the left and right acoustic channels of portable player Output, this makes troubles to user.Such as, for stereophone, understand above and mark left and right with l and r, but user is inciting somebody to action When earphone insertion ear, often regardless of left and right, directly take up and just fill in ear, like this, will see a film When occur that automobile drives towards the right from the left side of screen and the sound heard is the situation driving towards the left side from the right.Above-mentioned feelings The possible cause of the appearance of condition is that user not correctly can be divided right and left to earphone placement, and essentially without Someone makes a distinction to left and right earphone.What the left and right acoustic channels in order to solve left and right earphone and portable player and notebook adapted to asks Topic, existing solution is to be marked with the printed words of l and r in earphone, allows user oneself distinguish left and right, but the printed words of l and r are very Little, it is difficult to find, user usually can ignore this problem, and do not see in the dark at all, lacks in this way at a glance Weary hommization, user seldom can go about differentiation.Accordingly, it would be desirable to one kind not only visually has obvious differentiation, and can be certainly Adapt to complete the stereophone of left and right tone channel switching that is to say, that no matter how hearer wears earphone, the left and right sound of acquisition The acoustical signal in road is correct all the time.

Content of the invention

The goal of the invention of the present invention be provide a kind of can be according to the shape of left-right ear when wearing or left and right earphone Whether angle judgement is correctly worn, if using mistake, sending sound prompting, and the self adaptation of automatic switchover left and right acoustic channels is left R channel automatic switchover stereophone.

For achieving the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme: about a kind of self adaptation

Sound channel automatic switchover stereophone, including left earphone, right earphone and electrical plug, described left earphone includes a left side Headset body and left acoustical signal lead-in, described right earphone includes right earphone body and right acoustical signal lead-in, described electricity Property plug includes electrical header body, left signal lead-out wire and right signal lead-out wire, and described self adaptation left and right acoustic channels are cut automatically Change stereophone and also include self adaptation switching device, described self adaptation switching device includes:

Positional information acquisition device, is assemblied in described left headset body and/or right earphone body, for obtaining a described left side Headset body and/or the physical location information of right earphone body;

Memorizer, the first logical location information of the default described left headset body that is stored with and described right earphone body Second logical location information;

Main control chip, is electrically connected described positional information acquisition device and memorizer, for by described physical bit confidence Breath is compared with described first logical location information and/or the second logical location information, and sends control according to result of the comparison System instruction;

Sound channel electronic switch, electrically connects described main control chip and has the first working condition and the second work shape State, during the first working condition, described left signal lead-out wire is by the described left sound letter of described sound channel electronic switch electrical connection Number lead-in, described right signal lead-out wire electrically connects described right signal lead-out wire by described sound channel electronic switch, and second During working condition, described left signal lead-out wire is introduced by the described right acoustical signal of described sound channel electronic switch electrical connection Line, described right signal lead-out wire electrically connects described left acoustical signal lead-in by described sound channel electronic switch;

Described memorizer is external to be electrically connected described main control chip or is integrated in described main control chip;

Described sound channel electronic switch is external to be electrically connected described main control chip or is integrated in described main control chip.

Further technical scheme, described left signal lead-out wire and left acoustical signal lead-in constitute and external are connected to left ear Left earphone cord between machine body and electrical plug, described right signal lead-out wire and right acoustical signal lead-in constitute external connection Right earphone line between right earphone body and electrical plug.

Further technical scheme, described left signal lead-out wire is as the left channel signals being built in described electrical plug Circuit, described right signal lead-out wire is as the right-channel signals circuit being built in described electrical plug, described left acoustical signal As the external left earphone cord being connected between described left headset body and electrical plug, described right acoustical signal introduces lead-in Line is as the external right earphone line being connected between described right earphone body and electrical plug.

Further technical scheme, described sound channel electronic switch includes static contact part and moving contact part, described Static contact part include connecting side by side the first left signal static contact of described left signal lead-out wire and the second left signal static contact and Connect the first right signal static contact and the second right signal static contact of described right signal lead-out wire side by side;Described moving contact part bag Include the left signal moving contact connecting described left acoustical signal lead-in and the right signal of the described right acoustical signal lead-in of connection moves Contact, during the first working condition, described left signal moving contact electrically connects described first left signal static contact, and described right signal moves and touches Head electrically connects described first right signal static contact;During the second working condition, it is right that described left signal moving contact electrically connects described second Signal static contact, described right signal moving contact electrically connects described second left signal static contact.

Electronic switch includes pure electronic circuit and two kinds of realization rate of mechanical relay.

Further technical scheme, described positional information acquisition device is minisize pick-up head or angular transducer.

Further technical scheme, described self adaptation left and right acoustic channels automatic switchover stereophone also includes being coated on described Left fluorescent material coat of colo(u)r on left earphone and/or be coated on right fluorescent material coat of colo(u)r in described right earphone, described left fluorescent material Coat of colo(u)r and right fluorescent material coat of colo(u)r adopt different colors.

Further technical scheme, described self adaptation left and right acoustic channels automatic switchover stereophone also includes being assemblied in described Left fluorescent lamp on left earphone, the right fluorescent lamp being assemblied in described right earphone and light electronic switch, a described left side is glimmering Light lamp is provided with left light signal lead-in, and described right fluorescent lamp is provided with right light signal lead-in, and described light electronics is cut Change switch to electrically connect described main control chip and there is the first working condition and the second working condition, during the first working condition, institute State left signal lead-out wire and pass through the described light electronic switch described left light signal lead-in of electrical connection, described right signal draws Outlet is passed through described light electronic switch and is electrically connected described right light signal lead-in, during the second working condition, a described left side Signal lead-out wire passes through described light electronic switch and electrically connects described right light signal lead-in, described right signal lead-out wire Described left light signal lead-in is electrically connected by described light electronic switch.

Further technical scheme, described self adaptation left and right acoustic channels automatic switchover stereophone also includes sound production prompt Device, described sound production prompt device is connected to described main control chip and is integrated in described left headset body and/or right earphone body.

Because technique scheme is used, the present invention compared with prior art has the advantage that

The 1st, main control chip, the physical location information that control chip can obtain according to position information sensors are installed on earphone It is compared with default logical location information, when the two mates, illustrate that being suitable for earphone person wears correctly, control chip will not Carry out remaining control, when the two mismatches, illustrate that wearing earphone using earphone person mistake, sound channel control module can control The sound channel switching switch of L channel and R channel, makes L channel and R channel switch over, so that about stereophone realization The self adaptation of sound channel automatically switches;

The 2nd, the pigment of the fluorescent material containing different colours is coated respectively with left earphone and right earphone, not only facilitates wearer Daytime clearly differentiates, and can also make a distinction in the evening to left and right earphone;

3rd, assemble fluorescent lamp on left earphone and right earphone, be not only able to clearly differentiate L channel and R channel, and The outward appearance of stereophone can be made more dazzling attractive in appearance, mate with sound channel additionally, due to fluorescent lamp, and sound channel should with ear This is Adaptive matching, and therefore, fluorescent lamp and ear should also be Adaptive matching, when fluorescent lamp and ear do not occur not During situation about joining, illustrate that stereophone has been likely to occur problem, even if prompting user is tested to earphone;

4th, sound prompt device is set on earphone, when earphone user wears mistake, sound prompt device passes through ear Machine speaker informs user, and prompt tone directly plays to user by earphone, such as wears using correct, then will not point out.

Brief description

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of self adaptation left and right acoustic channels automatic switchover stereophone disclosed in the embodiment of the present invention one Figure;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of Acoustic channel switching device disclosed in the embodiment of the present invention one;

Fig. 3 is that the circuit in the first working condition of sound channel electronic switch disclosed in the embodiment of the present invention one is illustrated Figure;

Fig. 4 is that the circuit in the second working condition of sound channel electronic switch disclosed in the embodiment of the present invention one is illustrated Figure;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of self adaptation left and right acoustic channels automatic switchover stereophone disclosed in the embodiment of the present invention six Figure;

Fig. 6 is the structural representation of self adaptation left and right acoustic channels automatic switchover stereophone disclosed in the embodiment of the present invention seven Figure.

Wherein, 1, left earphone;11st, left headset body;12nd, left acoustical signal lead-in;13rd, left fluorescent material coat of colo(u)r;14、 Left fluorescent lamp;2nd, right earphone;21st, right earphone body;22nd, right acoustical signal lead-in;23rd, left fluorescent material coat of colo(u)r;24th, Zuo Ying Light lamp;31st, electrical header body;32nd, left signal lead-out wire;33rd, right signal lead-out wire;4th, minisize pick-up head;5th, memorizer;6、 Main control chip;7th, sound channel electronic switch;71st, the first left signal static contact;72nd, the second left signal static contact;73rd, first is right Signal static contact;74th, the second right signal static contact;75th, left signal moving contact;76th, right signal moving contact.

Specific embodiment

With reference to the principle of the present invention, accompanying drawing and embodiment, the present invention is further described

Embodiment one

Referring to Fig. 1-Fig. 4, as shown in legend therein, a kind of self adaptation left and right acoustic channels automatic switchover stereophone, bag Include left earphone 1, right earphone 2 and electrical plug, left earphone 1 includes left headset body 11 and left acoustical signal lead-in 12, right Earphone 2 includes right earphone body 21 and right acoustical signal lead-in 22, and electrical plug includes electrical header body 31, left signal draws Outlet 32 and right signal lead-out wire 22, above-mentioned self adaptation left and right acoustic channels automatic switchover stereophone also includes self adaptation switching Device, this self adaptation switching device includes:

One microcam 4, is assemblied in described left headset body 11, for obtaining the physical location of left headset body 11 Information;

The of memorizer 5, the first logical location information of the default left headset body 11 that is stored with and right earphone body 21 Two logical location information;

Main control chip 6, is electrically connected microcam 4 and memorizer 5, for by above-mentioned physical location information with above-mentioned First logical location information and/or the second logical location information are compared, and send control instruction according to result of the comparison;

Sound channel electronic switch 7, electrically connects main control chip 6 and has the first working condition and the second working condition, Sound channel electronic switch 7 includes static contact part and moving contact part, and above-mentioned static contact part includes connecting side by side left signal First left signal static contact 71 of lead-out wire 32 and the second left signal static contact 72 and arranged side by side connect the of right signal lead-out wire 33 One right signal static contact 73 and the second right signal static contact 74;Above-mentioned moving contact part includes connecting left acoustical signal lead-in 12 Left signal moving contact 75 and the right signal moving contact 76 connecting right acoustical signal lead-in 22, during the first working condition, Zuo Xin Number moving contact 75 electrically connects described first left signal static contact 71, and right signal moving contact 76 electrically connects the first right signal static contact 73;During the second working condition, left signal moving contact 75 electrically connects the second right signal static contact 72, and right signal moving contact 76 electrically connects Second left signal static contact 74;

Memorizer 5 and sound channel electronic switch 7 are all integrated in main control chip 6;

Left signal lead-out wire 32 and left acoustical signal lead-in 12 constitute and external be connected to left headset body 11 and electrically insert Left earphone cord between 31, right signal lead-out wire 33 and right acoustical signal lead-in 22 constitute and external are connected to right earphone body Right earphone line between 21 and electrical plug 31.

Minisize pick-up head 4 shoots wears the photo of ear, and with memorizer 5 in the photographic intelligence that prestores the first logical bit Confidence breath is compared, if the two is identical, illustrates that earphone user is worn correctly, if the two differs, by above-mentioned thing Reason positional information is compared with above-mentioned second logical location information, if the two is identical, illustrates that earphone user wears mistake By mistake, main control chip 6 control track electronic switch 7, makes L channel and R channel switches over it is achieved that stereophone Self adaptation switches.

Embodiment two

Remaining is identical with described embodiment one, and difference is, above-mentioned minisize pick-up head replaces with angular transducer.When When earphone user wears mistake, the angle of angular transducer will change, and thus may determine that correctness worn by earphone.

Embodiment three

Remaining is identical with described embodiment one, and difference is, above-mentioned left signal lead-out wire is as being built in above-mentioned electricity Left channel signals circuit in property plug, above-mentioned right signal lead-out wire is as the right-channel signals being built in above-mentioned electrical plug Circuit, above-mentioned left acoustical signal lead-in is as the external left earphone being connected between above-mentioned left headset body and electrical plug Line, above-mentioned right acoustical signal lead-in is as the external right earphone line being connected between above-mentioned right earphone body and electrical plug.

Example IV

Remaining is identical with described embodiment one, and difference is, above-mentioned memorizer is external to be connected to main control chip.

Embodiment five

Remaining is identical with described embodiment one, and difference is, above-mentioned sound channel electronic switch is external connect described Main control chip.

Embodiment six

Referring to Fig. 5, as shown in legend therein, remaining is identical with described embodiment one, and difference is, above-mentioned adaptive Left and right acoustic channels automatic switchover stereophone is answered also to include the left fluorescent material coat of colo(u)r 13 of blueness and the painting being coated on left earphone 1 It is overlying on the right fluorescent material coat of colo(u)r 23 of the redness in right earphone 2, not only facilitate wearer clearly to differentiate daytime, evening can also Left and right earphone is made a distinction.

Embodiment seven

Referring to Fig. 6, as shown in legend therein, remaining is identical with described embodiment one, and above-mentioned self adaptation left and right acoustic channels are certainly Dynamic switching stereophone also includes the left fluorescent lamp 14 being assemblied on left earphone 1, the right fluorescent lamp 24 being assemblied in right earphone 2 And light electronic switch (not shown in FIG.), left fluorescent lamp 14 is provided with left light signal lead-in, and (in figure does not regard Go out), right fluorescent lamp 24 is provided with right light signal lead-in (not shown in FIG.), and light electronic switch electrically connects master control core Piece 6 and have the first working condition and the second working condition, during the first working condition, above-mentioned left signal lead-out wire passes through above-mentioned Light electronic switch electrically connects above-mentioned left light signal lead-in, and above-mentioned right signal lead-out wire is cut by above-mentioned light electronics Change switch and electrically connect above-mentioned right light signal lead-in, during the second working condition, above-mentioned left signal lead-out wire passes through above-mentioned light Electronic switch electrically connects above-mentioned right light signal lead-in, and above-mentioned right signal lead-out wire passes through described light electronics switching and opens Close and electrically connect above-mentioned left light signal lead-in.

Left fluorescent lamp 14 is set and right fluorescent lamp 24 is not only able to clearly differentiate L channel and R channel, and can make to stand The outward appearance of body sound earphone is more dazzling attractive in appearance, mates with sound channel additionally, due to fluorescent lamp, and sound channel and ear should be certainly Adapt to coupling, therefore, fluorescent lamp and ear should also be Adaptive matching, when fluorescent lamp unmatched feelings with ear During condition, illustrate that stereophone has been likely to occur problem, even if prompting user is tested to earphone.

Embodiment eight

Remaining is arbitrary identical with described embodiment one to four, and difference is, above-mentioned self adaptation left and right acoustic channels are cut automatically Change stereophone and also include sound production prompt device, described sound production prompt device is connected to described main control chip and is integrated in a described left side Headset body and/or right earphone body.

Embodiment nine

Remaining is identical with described embodiment one, and difference is, above-mentioned minisize pick-up head is replaced and is assemblied in above-mentioned auris dextra In machine body, for obtaining the physical location information of above-mentioned right earphone body, above-mentioned minisize pick-up head shoots the photograph wearing ear Piece, and be compared with the second logical location information of the photographic intelligence that prestores in memorizer, if the two is identical, ear is described Machine user is worn correctly, if the two differs, above-mentioned physical location information is carried out with above-mentioned first logical location information Relatively, if the two is identical, illustrate that earphone user wears mistake, above-mentioned main control chip controls above-mentioned sound channel electronics switching to open Close, make L channel and R channel switch over the self adaptation switching it is achieved that stereophone.

Embodiment ten

Remaining is identical with described embodiment one, and difference is, above-mentioned minisize pick-up head is also assemblied in above-mentioned right earphone In body, for obtaining the physical location information of above-mentioned right earphone body, above-mentioned minisize pick-up head shoots the photo wearing ear, And be compared with the second logical location information of the photographic intelligence that prestores in memorizer, if the two is identical, earphone is described User is worn correctly, if the two differs, above-mentioned physical location information is compared with above-mentioned first logical location information Relatively, if the two is identical, illustrate that earphone user wears mistake, above-mentioned main control chip controls above-mentioned sound channel electronics switching to open Close, make L channel and R channel switch over the self adaptation switching it is achieved that stereophone.

Embodiment 11

Remaining is identical with described embodiment one, and difference is, in one of them in above-mentioned left earphone or right earphone It is coated with fluorescent material pigment.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of self adaptation left and right acoustic channels automatic switchover stereophone, including left earphone, right earphone and
Electrically plug, described left earphone includes left headset body and left acoustical signal lead-in, and described right earphone includes right earphone Body and right acoustical signal lead-in, described electrical plug includes electrical header body, left signal lead-out wire and right signal and draws Outlet is it is characterised in that described self adaptation left and right acoustic channels automatic switchover stereophone also includes self adaptation switching device, described Self adaptation switching device includes:
Positional information acquisition device, is assemblied in described left headset body and/or right earphone body, for obtaining described left earphone Body and/or the physical location information of right earphone body, described positional information acquisition device is minisize pick-up head;
Memorizer, be stored with the first logical location information of default described left headset body and the second of described right earphone body Logical location information;
Main control chip, is electrically connected described positional information acquisition device and memorizer, for by described physical location information with Described first logical location information and/or the second logical location information are compared, and send control according to result of the comparison and refer to Order;
Sound channel electronic switch, electrically connects described main control chip and has the first working condition and the second working condition, the During one working condition, described left signal lead-out wire is introduced by the described left acoustical signal of described sound channel electronic switch electrical connection Line, described right signal lead-out wire electrically connects described right signal lead-out wire, the second work shape by described sound channel electronic switch During state, described left signal lead-out wire electrically connects described right acoustical signal lead-in by described sound channel electronic switch, described Right signal lead-out wire electrically connects described left acoustical signal lead-in by described sound channel electronic switch;
Described memorizer is external to be electrically connected described main control chip or is integrated in described main control chip;
Described sound channel electronic switch is external to be electrically connected described main control chip or is integrated in described main control chip.
2. self adaptation left and right acoustic channels automatic switchover stereophone according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described left letter Number lead-out wire and left acoustical signal lead-in constitute the external left earphone cord being connected between left headset body and electrical plug, institute State right signal lead-out wire and right acoustical signal lead-in and constitute and external be connected to right earphone between right earphone body and electrical plug Line.
3. self adaptation left and right acoustic channels automatic switchover stereophone according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described left letter , as the left channel signals circuit being built in described electrical plug, described right signal lead-out wire is as being built in for number lead-out wire State the right-channel signals circuit in electrical plug, described left acoustical signal lead-in is connected to described left headset body as external Left earphone cord and electrical plug between, described right acoustical signal lead-in is connected to described right earphone body and electricity as external Right earphone line between property plug.
4. self adaptation left and right acoustic channels automatic switchover stereophone according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described sound channel Electronic switch includes static contact part and moving contact part, and described static contact part includes connecting described left signal side by side draws First left signal static contact of outlet and the second left signal static contact and the first right letter connecting described right signal lead-out wire arranged side by side Number static contact and the second right signal static contact;Described moving contact part includes connecting the left signal of described left acoustical signal lead-in Moving contact and the right signal moving contact connecting described right acoustical signal lead-in, during the first working condition, described left signal moves and touches Head electrically connects described first left signal static contact, and described right signal moving contact electrically connects described first right signal static contact;Second During working condition, described left signal moving contact electrically connects described second right signal static contact, described right signal moving contact electrical connection Described second left signal static contact.
5. self adaptation left and right acoustic channels automatic switchover stereophone according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described adaptive Left and right acoustic channels automatic switchover stereophone is answered also to include left fluorescent material coat of colo(u)r and/or the coating being coated on described left earphone Right fluorescent material coat of colo(u)r in described right earphone, described left fluorescent material coat of colo(u)r and right fluorescent material coat of colo(u)r adopt different face Color.
6. self adaptation left and right acoustic channels automatic switchover stereophone according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described adaptive Answer the left fluorescent lamp that left and right acoustic channels automatic switchover stereophone also includes being assemblied on described left earphone, be assemblied in described auris dextra Right fluorescent lamp on machine and light electronic switch, described left fluorescent lamp is provided with left light signal lead-in, the described right side Fluorescent lamp is provided with right light signal lead-in, and described light electronic switch electrically connects described main control chip and has the One working condition and the second working condition, during the first working condition, described left signal lead-out wire passes through described light electronics switching Switch electrically connects described left light signal lead-in, and described right signal lead-out wire passes through described light electronic switch electrical connection Described right light signal lead-in, during the second working condition, described left signal lead-out wire passes through described light electronic switch Electrically connect described right light signal lead-in, it is described that described right signal lead-out wire passes through described light electronic switch electrical connection Left light signal lead-in.
7. self adaptation left and right acoustic channels automatic switchover stereophone according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described adaptive Left and right acoustic channels automatic switchover stereophone is answered also to include sound production prompt device, described sound production prompt device is connected to described main control chip And it is integrated in described left headset body and/or right earphone body.
CN201410477856.8A 2014-09-18 2014-09-18 Adaptive automatic left sound track and right sound track switching stereo headphone CN104202697B (en)

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