CN104196286B - A kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective double back streaming swimming pool - Google Patents

A kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective double back streaming swimming pool Download PDF

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CN104196286B
CN104196286B CN201410342980.3A CN201410342980A CN104196286B CN 104196286 B CN104196286 B CN 104196286B CN 201410342980 A CN201410342980 A CN 201410342980A CN 104196286 B CN104196286 B CN 104196286B
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swimming pool
conserving
streaming
energy
propeller
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CN104196286A (en
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孙凤鸣
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孙凤鸣
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective double back streaming swimming pool, belong to physical fitness facility technology field.This swimming pool includes swimming pool body and the backflow duct with rectangle pool wall, and described backflow duct is positioned at the periphery of described swimming pool body, and length direction one end pool wall of described swimming pool body is provided with one group of parallel mozzle, and the other end is provided with one group of parallel return duct;The propeller that described mozzle drives built with oar axle, described oar axle outer end connects with the corresponding driving motor-driven being placed in outside backflow duct, the arrival end of described mozzle is fixed with the preset spinning disk that quantity is equal with propeller fin number, the port of export is equipped with flow straightening grid, and described preset spinning disk is in the helical form reverse with described propeller.The present invention can make the current entering in mozzle produce certain drift angle in advance, offsets the angle of flow deflection that propeller rotational produces, then through grid rectification, thus the current of stable and consistent are flowed to by mozzle output, it is ensured that comfort level during adverse current swimming.

Description

A kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective double back streaming swimming pool
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of swimming pool, especially one energy-conserving and environment-protective double back streaming swimming pool, Belong to physical fitness facility technology field.
Background technology
Swimming body-building is the first-selection of many people's physical fitnesses.Along with the raising of people's living standard, Household swimming pool is increasingly becoming the standard configuration of high-end residential.In order to reduce occupation of land face as far as possible Long-pending, the Chinese patent of Application No. 01251088.2 discloses a kind of Mini bankless swimming pool, This swimming pool fixedly mounts swimming pool plate in U-shaped swimming pool steelframe, and there is outlet its one end, therewith The corresponding other end has water return outlet, below this swimming pool plate and one end fixed installation of outlet Water pump, the bottom part down at swimming pool plate has individual water return pipeline, this water return pipeline respectively with individual water Pump is corresponding, has decorative protection cover in the outside of U-shaped swimming pool steelframe;Bottom part down at swimming pool plate has Add heat pipe.Although this type of reverse-flow swimming pool is ingenious by the recirculated water relative to human motion Stream, it is achieved that the continuous swimming body-building in little area swimming pool, but due to flow dynamic source Select and circulatory flow arrange not reasonable, therefore energy consumption is the biggest.
Additionally, this type of swimming pool existing uses single channel and submersible pump structure, water velocity and side All have problems to control, therefore there is unnecessary energy consumption, and laminar flow control is uneven, shadow Ring the comfort level of swimming.
The Chinese patent of Application No. 201320396463.5 discloses a kind of intelligent body-building swimming System, the swimming pool length direction of this system is respectively arranged at two ends with by exterior line through counterflow pump phase Pump mouth even and water export, and include pool water treatment unit, senser element and control centre, The signal output part of senser element connects counterflow pump and pool water treatment unit respectively by control centre Startup controlled end.Although this swimming system improves the intelligence of energy-conserving and environment-protective double back streaming swimming pool Degree can be changed, thus cater to the demand that user is higher level, but water-cycling mode and aforementioned patent Essentially identical, thus fail to solve its problem existed.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to: the weak point existed for above-mentioned prior art, propose one The energy-conserving and environment-protective double back streaming swimming pool of low-power consumption on the premise of ensureing swimming comfort level.
In order to achieve the above object, the energy-conserving and environment-protective double back streaming swimming pool of the present invention includes having The swimming pool body of rectangle pool wall and backflow duct, described backflow duct is positioned at outside described swimming pool body Enclose;Length direction one end pool wall of described swimming pool body is provided with one group of parallel mozzle, the other end It is provided with one group of parallel return duct;The propeller that described mozzle drives built with oar axle, described Oar axle outer end connects with the corresponding driving motor-driven being placed in outside backflow duct;Described mozzle Arrival end to be fixed with circumference uniform and incline direction is contrary with propeller fin incline direction Preset spinning disk, the port of export is equipped with flow straightening grid.Especially, the sheet number of described preset spinning disk Equal with propeller fin number.
Relative to water pump, the efficiency that propeller makes stream is high, and power consumption is little, and noise is low, but it makes stream There is eddy flow trend, present invention employs for this in mozzle rearmounted after preposition preset spinning disk The Rational structure that grid commutator combines, owing to preset spinning disk produces and spiral paddle in advance The eddy flow that the sheet hand of spiral is contrary, therefore can make the current entering in mozzle produce in advance Certain drift angle, offsets the angle of flow deflection that propeller rotational produces, makes current after propeller Substantially parallel with its axis, then through grid rectification, thus stablized one by the mozzle output flow direction The current caused, it is ensured that comfort level during adverse current swimming.
Improving further of propeller of the present invention includes: the cross section of described propeller fin is plane The streamlined that the wing back of the body and streamline aerofoil are constituted.Especially, the wing root chord length of described propeller fin More than the wing slightly.So it is advantageously implemented high-effect, low-power consumption, low noise, low cavity, and protects Card intensity.
Additionally, described propeller is mainly made up of interior axle, overcoat and fin, described interior axle by The undergauge step section of the big footpath section of one end and the other end is constituted, the cylindrical of described undergauge step section with The diameter compatible of overcoat, described overcoat is formed respectively with circumferentially-spaced distribution with the laminating end face of interior axle Radially split type semicircle axis hole, the wing root of described fin extends wing axle, two relative dissection types The aperture, involutory hole of semicircle axis hole formation and the external diameter close-fitting of described wing axle;During combination, described outside In the involutory hole of the undergauge section formation being sleeved on interior axle after wing axle described in plug-in mounting, by the tightest Fixing bolt fastens location.Therefore can adjust as one sees fit, be met the optimal of desired properties parameter The fin angle of pitch.
Improving further of other relevant portion of the present invention includes: described flow straightening grid uses triangle Tee section grid commutator, its intensity is high, good rigidity, has thin-walled, aperture, big slenderness ratio, And the advantage that congestion degree is little, crushing is low, can more effectively improve uniform fluid flow degree and quickening The decay of whirlpool, significantly reduces the turbulivity of the vertical, horizontal of current, especially cross stream component, Guarantee to be formed the equal uniform flow of certain depth at swimming pool.
Additionally, the backflow duct outside described return duct is in respectively towards the circular arc stream of both sides shunting Road.So can play the effect guiding current, be conducive to reducing energy consumption.Described circular arc stream Road connects with the return flow line of swimming pool body both sides, and return flow line has angle of flare.Therefore can make In backflow duct, water flow section gradually expands, and water velocity is gradually lowered, thus reduces backflow and damage Consumption.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of one embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the mozzle part-structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1 embodiment.
Fig. 4 is the side view of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the propeller fin cross sectional shape schematic diagram of Fig. 1 embodiment.Wherein (a) is Slightly, (b) is wing root to the wing.
Fig. 6 is the propeller arrangement schematic diagram of Fig. 1 embodiment.
Fig. 7 is the side view of Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is the flow straightening grid sectional perspective structural representation of Fig. 1 embodiment.
Fig. 9 is pressure and the velocity contour of Fig. 1 embodiment model propeller.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment one
The energy-conserving and environment-protective double back streaming swimming pool of the present embodiment as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, including tool There are swimming pool body 1 and the backflow duct 5 of rectangle pool wall 4.Backflow duct 5 is positioned at swimming pool body 1 Peripheral.Length direction one end pool wall of swimming pool body 1 is provided with one group of parallel mozzle 7, another End is provided with one group of parallel return duct 3.Swimming pool body 1 is more than adjacent to one end degree of depth of mozzle 7 One end of neighbouring return duct 3, bosom is provided with osculum.Backflow duct outside return duct 3 in Circular arc runner likeness in form top towards both sides shunting is heart-shaped respectively, and in circular arc runner also Equipped with circular blast baffle spaced apart.So can play the effect guiding current, favorably In reducing energy consumption.Described circular arc runner connects with the return flow line of swimming pool body both sides, and backflow is logical Road has angle of flare.Therefore in can making backflow duct, water flow section gradually expands, water velocity It is gradually lowered, thus reduces backflow loss.Backflow duct 5 backflow pipe end certainly is to water conservancy diversion pipe end Straight way section has predetermined angle of flare, and in therefore making backflow duct, water flow section gradually expands, current Speed is gradually lowered, thus reduces backflow loss.
The propeller 8 that each mozzle 7 drives built with oar axle 10, oar axle 10 outer end and peace The corresponding driving motor 9 put outside backflow duct is in transmission connection.The arrival end circumference of mozzle 7 Uniform be fixed with the preset spinning disk 12 that quantity is equal with propeller fin number, the port of export equipped with Flow straightening grid 6.Motor 9 uses external, drives propeller 8 to rotate by oar axle, oar axle And use mechanical seal form watertight between swimming pool, it is ensured that swimming pool inner water is not revealed.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, the incline direction that preset spinning disk 12 is axial with mozzle 7 Contrary with the incline direction of propeller 8 paddle, oar axle 10 heart from which passes.So in advance The current entering in mozzle are made to produce certain drift angle, to counteract or compensate for propeller rotational The angle of flow deflection produced, makes current tend to parallel with oar axis after propeller.
It is the main device making stream in view of propeller, owing to swimming pool field of employment requires motor Power is the least, and the efficiency of propeller wants high, thrust wants big, noise is low, therefore originally The cross section of embodiment propeller fin is as it is shown in figure 5, carry on the back 8-A and streamline aerofoil for flat plane The streamlined that 8-B is constituted, test proves, this high-lift aerofoil profile have high-effect, low-power consumption, Low noise, the advantage (seeing Fig. 9) of low cavity.Additionally, the wing root chord length of propeller fin More than the wing slightly, so that its thickness is by being slightly gradually increased to root, fin intensity is improved.
The structure of propeller 8 as shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7, mainly by interior axle 8-1, overcoat 8-2 And ten fin 8-3 are constituted, wherein in axle 8-1 by the big footpath section of one end and the contracting of the other end Footpath step section is constituted, the cylindrical of undergauge step section and the diameter compatible of overcoat 8-2, overcoat 8-2 The big footpath of external diameter and interior axle 8-1 match, the laminating end face of overcoat 8-2 and interior axle 8-1 is respectively It is shaped with the radially split type semicircle axis hole that circumference is uniform.The wing root of fin 8-3 extends wing axle 8-5.The aperture, involutory hole of two relative dissection type semicircle axis holes formation and the wing axle 8-5 of fin 8-3 External diameter close-fitting.During combination, overcoat 8-2 is sleeved on the undergauge step section formation of interior axle 8-1 In involutory hole after the wing axle 8-5 of plug-in mounting fin 8-3, fixed by axially fastening bolt 8-4 fastening Position.When therefore installing, the optimal fin angle of pitch (i.e. its wing back of the body can be obtained through adjusting Plane and axial angle of inclination).Comprehensively examine according to performance indications such as usefulness, power consumption, noises Considering, the present embodiment is tests determined, wing tool back plane and axial angle of inclination (the installation angle of pitch) It is that 29 ° ± 5 ° scopes are preferred.This adjustable structure obviously can be used for preset spinning disk, from And thereby by test, it is thus achieved that the angle of inclination most preferably mated with propeller.
Flow straightening grid as shown in Figure 8, uses triangular-section grid commutator, due to its thin-walled, Aperture, big slenderness ratio, more effectively improve uniform fluid flow degree and accelerate the decay of whirlpool, significantly Reduce the turbulivity of the vertical, horizontal component of current, particularly significantly reduce the turbulent flow of cross stream component Degree, makes current form homogeneous (uniform) fluid after flow straightening grid, it is ensured that to form certain depth at swimming pool Equal uniform flow.The most this flow straightening grid is little due to congestion degree, and its pressure loss is the most relatively small.
During use, the alternating current generator 9 that the present embodiment is arranged side by side by multiple stage drives preset spinning disk 12 and propeller 8 rotate, promote water to spray from mozzle 7, more rectified grid 6 rectification After, make swimming pool body 1 form certain thickness uniform flow, these current flow out from return duct 3, Guide through two circular arc runners 2, return to the water-retention of mozzle 7 one end along backflow duct 5 Pond.
Additionally, it is to use intellectuality by a computer that this swimming pool further improves Management, human-computer interaction interface be responsible for obtain people control instruction, and show in real time flow velocity, water temperature, The information such as water quality, power consumption, equipment state.Once start, by fully automatic working, automatic stabilisation With adjustment water speed, water temperature, control light and music, and root automatically according to the personal preference set Automatically the motor devoted oneself to work is adjusted, farthest to reach forging according to virtual condition in pond Refining, body-building and the purpose of amusement, save electric energy simultaneously the most efficiently.
Being summed up, the low-power consumption dual reflux laminar-flow type swimming pool of the present embodiment has following spy Point:
1) dual reflux duct and several shrouded propeller is used to drive version.Swimming pool is adopted Use dual reflux duct, design through rational structure, reduce flow passage resistance force of waterproof to greatest extent, then coordinate Several high-efficiency diversion ducted propeller promote water flowing, make swimming pool interior edema pond upper surface be formed all Even laminar flow, its laminar flow is laterally even velocity of flow, vertical for successively decreasing by given pace decay Formula ladder laminar flow, is longitudinally approximately equal uniform flow along pond.
2) flowing velocity can stepless control, and can be automatically adjusted water according to the travelling speed of swimmer simultaneously Flow Velocity, to guarantee that swimmer is in the swimming pool effectively section of swimming all the time, it is ensured that swimming instruction efficiency Maximization.
3) swimming pool can use the automatic partition mode of many swimming lanes, can automatically identify whether swimming lane has people, Unmanned swimming lane will be automatically stopped work, to save the energy.
4) flow speed control uses Computerized intelligentization to control, and human-computer interaction interface realizes people by touch screen Dialogue with equipment.
5) be equipped with in swimming pool in self adaptation lamp light management system and water/air in music management system, give The enjoyment of people's the most comfortable taken exercise and loosening.
6) it is equipped with automatic water temperature thermostatic equipment and water treatment system, real time on-line monitoring water temperature, it is ensured that Water temperature is constantly in the temperature that human body is suitable, and water treatment system can ensure that the pure of water quality.

Claims (10)

1. an energy-conserving and environment-protective double back streaming swimming pool, including the swimming pool body with rectangle pool wall With backflow duct, it is characterised in that: described backflow duct is positioned at the periphery of described swimming pool body, institute The length direction one end pool wall stating swimming pool body is provided with one group of parallel mozzle, and the other end is provided with one Organize parallel return duct;The propeller that described mozzle drives built with oar axle, outside described oar axle The corresponding driving motor-driven held and be placed in outside backflow duct connects;The entrance of described mozzle End is fixed with the preset rotation that circumference is uniform and incline direction is contrary with propeller fin incline direction Flow, the port of export is equipped with flow straightening grid.
Energy-conserving and environment-protective double back streaming swimming pool the most according to claim 1, its feature exists In: the sheet number of described preset spinning disk is equal with propeller fin number.
Energy-conserving and environment-protective double back streaming swimming pool the most according to claim 1 and 2, it is special Levy and be: the cross section of described propeller fin is the flat plane back of the body and the streamline of streamline aerofoil composition Shape.
Energy-conserving and environment-protective double back streaming swimming pool the most according to claim 3, its feature exists In: the wing root chord length of described propeller fin is more than the wing slightly.
Energy-conserving and environment-protective double back streaming swimming pool the most according to claim 4, its feature exists In: described propeller is mainly made up of interior axle, overcoat and fin, and described interior axle is by one end The undergauge step section of big footpath section and the other end is constituted, the cylindrical of described undergauge step section and overcoat Diameter compatible, described overcoat is formed respectively with, with the laminating end face of interior axle, the radial direction subdivision that circumference is uniform Formula semicircle axis hole, the wing root of described fin extends wing axle, two relative dissection type semicircle axis hole shapes The aperture, involutory hole become and the external diameter close-fitting of described wing axle;During combination, including described coat suit In the involutory hole that the undergauge step section of axle is formed after wing axle described in plug-in mounting, solid by axial fastener Tightening position.
Energy-conserving and environment-protective double back streaming swimming pool the most according to claim 5, its feature exists In: described flow straightening grid uses triangular-section grid commutator.
Energy-conserving and environment-protective double back streaming swimming pool the most according to claim 6, its feature exists In: the backflow duct outside described return duct is in respectively towards the circular arc runner of both sides shunting.
Energy-conserving and environment-protective double back streaming swimming pool the most according to claim 7, its feature exists In: described circular arc runner is built with circular blast baffle spaced apart.
Energy-conserving and environment-protective double back streaming swimming pool the most according to claim 8, its feature exists In: described backflow duct has predetermined angle of flare from the straight way section of backflow pipe end to water conservancy diversion pipe end.
Energy-conserving and environment-protective double back streaming swimming pool the most according to claim 9, its feature exists In: described swimming pool body is more than the one end adjacent to return duct, the most deeply adjacent to one end degree of depth of mozzle Place is provided with osculum.
CN201410342980.3A 2014-07-11 2014-07-11 A kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective double back streaming swimming pool Active CN104196286B (en)

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CN106368455B (en) * 2016-11-14 2018-11-02 泉州市泉港区鑫悦盟工业科技有限公司 Intelligent omnibearing swimming pool
CN108784465A (en) * 2017-05-02 2018-11-13 许昌义 Spring formula bathtub

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6030180A (en) * 1994-08-26 2000-02-29 Clarey; Michael Apparatus for generating water currents in swimming pools or the like
CN2533203Y (en) * 2000-09-07 2003-01-29 朱培鼐 Circular flow type multipurpose swimming pool device
EP2537746A1 (en) * 2011-06-22 2012-12-26 Airbus Opérations SAS Propulsion system with contrarotating open rotors and its balancing method
CN203516184U (en) * 2013-10-11 2014-04-02 王胜军 Fan impeller
CN203961355U (en) * 2014-07-11 2014-11-26 孙凤鸣 A kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective double back streaming swimming pool

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6030180A (en) * 1994-08-26 2000-02-29 Clarey; Michael Apparatus for generating water currents in swimming pools or the like
CN2533203Y (en) * 2000-09-07 2003-01-29 朱培鼐 Circular flow type multipurpose swimming pool device
EP2537746A1 (en) * 2011-06-22 2012-12-26 Airbus Opérations SAS Propulsion system with contrarotating open rotors and its balancing method
CN203516184U (en) * 2013-10-11 2014-04-02 王胜军 Fan impeller
CN203961355U (en) * 2014-07-11 2014-11-26 孙凤鸣 A kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective double back streaming swimming pool

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