CN104192576B - Container horizontal transportation system - Google Patents

Container horizontal transportation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104192576B
CN104192576B CN201410409025.7A CN201410409025A CN104192576B CN 104192576 B CN104192576 B CN 104192576B CN 201410409025 A CN201410409025 A CN 201410409025A CN 104192576 B CN104192576 B CN 104192576B
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container
platform
loading
shuttle car
unloading
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CN201410409025.7A
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CN104192576A (en
Inventor
李伟
李勋
安国利
朱连义
杨荣
李强
易应强
孙立
舒帆
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TIANJIN PORT (GROUP) CO Ltd
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TIANJIN PORT (GROUP) CO Ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides a container horizontal transportation system which comprises a plurality of Lift-AGVs, a buffer platform, a plurality of loading and unloading platforms and at least one shuttle car. The shuttle car is arranged on a track connected with the buffer platform, the loading and unloading platforms are movably arranged on the buffer platform, a driving device is arranged on the buffer platform and used for driving the loading and unloading platforms to move, when the buffer platform is moved to be in butt joint with the track, the shuttle car can be driven into the loading and unloading platforms through the track, and containers can be loaded and unloaded on the loading and unloading platforms. The invention further provides a container horizontal transportation method implemented through the container horizontal transportation system. By means of the container horizontal transportation system and method, the horizontal transportation efficiency can be further improved, and energy consumption can be reduced.

Description

Container level transportation system
Technical field
The present invention relates to Container Transport technical field, in particular to a kind of container level transportation system and the container transportation method of a kind of this system of application.
Background technology
In the daily cargo handling process in container terminal, container level transportation system plays an important role, and this system makes the bank handling of container and the stockyard handling of container connect, and forms harbour bulk handling system;That is it has been responsible for whole in harbour of container and has moved horizontally, and comprises bank horizontal transport and the stockyard horizontal transport of container.
Relative to the maturation of bank and yard handling technology with stable, container level transportation technology is at present also in high speed development and the stage constantly brought forth new ideas;Particularly along with the fast development of automated container terminal, various horizontal transportation systems also continue to bring out.It can be said that the technical merit of container level transportation system has become measurement container terminal automaticity and the important evidence of service ability.
In Traditional Man container terminal, the horizontal transport of container is achieved by the mobile units such as container tractor or straddle carrier.In this horizontal transportation system, transporting equipment uses internal combustion engine to drive, and brings bigger environmental pollution and energy resource consumption, and its energy input accounts for more than the 50% of harbour bulk handling energy consumption according to statistics.And, in this system, mobile transportation equipment needs to enter stockyard, and its conevying efficiency and safety are restricted by many.
In automated container terminal, the horizontal transport of container occurs in that multiple different implementation method, according to equipment composition and functional localization, these harbours substantially can be divided into two classes:
One class harbour continues to use tractor to realize the transport of container, planned by the separation of turnover field road, and the overhanging arm design increasing crane in container yard realizes being relatively isolated of tractor and case district, this improves the problem of horizontal transportation system scarce capacity to a certain extent, but does not change the environmental pollution of horizontal transport existence and the situation that energy resource consumption is bigger.
The horizontal transport of container is then split as bank horizontal transport and stockyard horizontal transport by another kind of harbour.In the horizontal transport of bank, introduce the horizontal trasportation equipments such as automatically guiding trolley (AGV) and high speed straddle carrier, and by the means of compression flow equipment fed distance, improve the efficiency of loading and unloading and energy efficiency that bank to stockyard is transported.And in the horizontal transport of stockyard, use the stockyard crane (ASC) of high speed traveling to carry out the carrying of container.Owing to ASC is that driven by power, AGV and straddle carrier may be used without the novel type of drive such as oil electricity mixing, the environmental-protecting performance of this transportation system is made to be improved.But, this mode still suffers from following deficiency: owing to ASC deadweight is relatively big, its distance band case rows is walked, and energy waste is more;ASC uses two-shipper to be arranged symmetrically with, and most containers need repeatedly intermediate haulage, it is impossible to once arrive addressing, brings and higher turns over the rate of smashing, makes system entirety energy consumption and the efficiency of loading and unloading be affected.
The above analysis, has built up and in the container terminal horizontal transportation system built, the shortcoming that the existence efficiency of loading and unloading in various degree is low and operation consumption is high, there is many rooms for promotion.Although, some device fabrication manufacturers it is also proposed system composition proposal based on track distribution, but due to the deficiency of the suitability, its still difficulty reaches practical application effect, and container level transportation system also needs to continue to optimize.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is, provides a kind of conevying efficiency of can improving the standard further, the container level transportation system reducing energy resource consumption and way of transportation.
In view of this, the invention provides a kind of container level transportation system, including many Lift-AGV, one buffer platform, multiple loading/unloading platforms and at least one shuttle car, wherein, described shuttle car is arranged on the track being connected with described buffer platform, described loading/unloading platform is movably disposed in described buffer platform, it is provided with driving means in described buffer platform, for driving described loading/unloading platform to move, when described buffer platform moves to during with described orbital docking, described shuttle car can by described track sail into described loading/unloading platform and on described loading/unloading platform loading and unloading container.
Wherein, described Lift-AGV refers to, has the AGV of lifting function, is i.e. capable of transport and the handling of container by himself.
In this technical scheme, use Lift-AGV, need not extra crane gear, buffer platform it is set by the position docked with shuttle car at Lift-AGV and multiple loading/unloading platform is set in buffer platform, only need to once transport at buffer platform and can will complete harbour to the horizontal transport between stockyard;And due to the container handling operation unbalanced characteristic of workload own, such as under when workload is big, meeting Lift-AGV can unship, substantial amounts of container transports stockyard to, but the quantity of shuttle car is limited, so will result in the waste of Lift-AGV working performance, in the technical program, by arranging buffer platform as buffering, conevying efficiency can be effectively improved, loading/unloading platform can be driven it to move by the driving means in buffer platform in buffer platform, thus it is moved into the position needed, corresponding position is moved to Lift-AGV when docking, the position corresponding with shuttle car track that be that move when docking with shuttle car, realize container transfer between Lift-AGV and shuttle car.
In this technical scheme, utilize the jacking function of buffer platform and Lift-AGV and shuttle car, it is achieved that the container " non-coupled " in harbour horizontal transport is loaded and unloaded and transported, be beneficial to improve the whole Transporting efficiency of container;And this system is capable of pure driven by power, energy resource consumption is few, operating area without discharge, there is good environmental-protecting performance;This means of transportation is capable of container during quay transportation, and " disposably " arrives and specify position, it is to avoid unnecessary the turning over of container is smash, and reduces stockyard and turns over the rate of smashing, and similarly serves to favor raising efficiency, reduces energy consumption;Container is in the whole transportation of harbour, and without human intervention, standardization is strong, and safety is high.
Further, described buffer platform includes multilamellar, and described loading/unloading platform can also move between the different layers of described buffer platform.In this technical scheme, buffer platform is multiple structure, and sets up horizontal lifting device, can complete the lifting of single movable container loading/unloading platform and transfer;And with movable container loading/unloading platform move horizontally combination, it is achieved the mutual conversion of each layer position of platform.
The present invention also provides for the container level way of transportation of a kind of container level transportation system used described in technique scheme, between described Lift-AGV and described shuttle car join container time in described buffer platform by described loading/unloading platform transfer.
Based on described container level way of transportation, container unloads ship time, comprises the following steps:
1), after container is unloaded by boats and ships, be placed on Lift-AGV, Lift-AGV by Container Transport to buffer platform;
2) Lift-AGV is by after container jack-up, sails buffer platform into, stops on a loading/unloading platform;
3) container is put down by Lift-AGV, is placed on the loading/unloading platform sailed into, and buffer platform is rolled on former road away from;
4) buffer platform the loading/unloading platform placing container is moved to the track alignment of shuttle car, can allow for the position that shuttle car sails into;
5) shuttle car sails buffer platform into the loading/unloading platform placing container along track;
6) container jack-up, band container are sailed into stockyard, complete transportation by shuttle car.
During container shipment, comprise the following steps:
1) it is positioned at the container in stockyard, is held in place on the shuttle car in stockyard by crane gear;
2) shuttle car by Container Transport to buffer platform;
3) buffer platform the loading/unloading platform not placing container is moved to the track alignment of shuttle car, can allow for the position that shuttle car sails into;
4) shuttle car sails buffer platform into after container jack-up, stops on loading/unloading platform;
5) container is placed on loading/unloading platform by shuttle car, and buffer platform is rolled on former road away from;
6) buffer platform will place the loading/unloading platform of container, mobile to for the position of Lift-AGV Stuff (to);
7) Lift-AGV sails buffer platform into, to the loading/unloading platform placing container;
8) Lift-AGV is by container jack-up, by Container Transport to operating area, bank, completes whole horizontal transport process.
In the present invention, utilize the jacking function of buffer platform and Lift-AGV and shuttle car, it is achieved that the container " non-coupled " in harbour horizontal transport is loaded and unloaded and transported, be beneficial to improve the whole Transporting efficiency of container;And this system is capable of pure driven by power, energy resource consumption is few, operating area without discharge, there is good environmental-protecting performance;This means of transportation is capable of container during quay transportation, and " disposably " arrives and specify position, it is to avoid unnecessary the turning over of container is smash, and reduces stockyard and turns over the rate of smashing, and similarly serves to favor raising efficiency, reduces energy consumption;Container is in the whole transportation of harbour, and without human intervention, standardization is strong, and safety is high.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the top view of container level transportation system according to embodiments of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of buffer platform according to embodiments of the present invention, loading/unloading platform.
Detailed description of the invention
With detailed description of the invention, the present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.It should be noted that in the case of not conflicting, the feature in embodiments herein and embodiment can be mutually combined.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, container level transportation system according to an embodiment of the invention, including many Lift-AGV 10, one buffer platform 20, multiple loading/unloading platforms 21 and at least one shuttle car 30, wherein, described shuttle car 30 is arranged on the track 31 being connected with described buffer platform 20, described loading/unloading platform 21 is movably disposed in described buffer platform 20, it is provided with driving means in described buffer platform 20, for driving described loading/unloading platform 21 to move, when described buffer platform 20 moves to when docking with described track 31, described shuttle car 30 can by described track 31 sail into described loading/unloading platform 21 and on described loading/unloading platform 21 loading and unloading container 40.
Wherein, described Lift-AGV 10 refers to have the AGV of lifting function, is i.e. capable of transport and the handling of container by himself.
In this technical scheme, use Lift-AGV 10, need not extra crane gear, buffer platform 20 it is set by the position docked with shuttle car 30 at Lift-AGV 10 and multiple loading/unloading platform 21 is set in buffer platform 20, only need to once transport at buffer platform 20 and can complete harbour to the horizontal transport between stockyard;And due to the container handling operation unbalanced characteristic of workload own, such as when workload is big Lift-AGV 10 under unshiping substantial amounts of container transport stockyard to, but the quantity of shuttle car is limited, so will result in the waste of Lift-AGV 10 working performance.In the technical program, by arranging buffer platform 20 as buffering, conevying efficiency can be effectively improved, loading/unloading platform 21 can move in buffer platform 20 under the effect of actuating device, that is: position mutually corresponding with Lift-AGV 10 is moved to Lift-AGV 10 when docking, the position corresponding with the track 31 of shuttle car 30 is moved to shuttle car 30, it is achieved container transfer between Lift-AGV 10 and shuttle car 30 when docking.
It addition, described buffer platform 20 can arrange multilamellar, described loading/unloading platform 21 can also move between the different layers of described buffer platform 20.In this technical scheme, buffer platform 20 is multiple structure, and sets up horizontal lifting device, can complete the lifting of single loading/unloading platform 21 and transfer.Meanwhile, this mode can also and loading/unloading platform 21 move horizontally combination, it is achieved the position of the loading/unloading platform 21 in each layer buffer platform 20 is moved and is changed.
The present invention also provides for the container level way of transportation of a kind of container level transportation system used described in technique scheme, between described Lift-AGV 10 and described shuttle car 30 join container 40 time in described buffer platform 20 by the transfer of described loading/unloading platform 21.
Based on described container level way of transportation, container 40 unloads ship time, comprises the following steps:
1) after container 40 is unloaded by boats and ships, being placed on Lift-AGV 10, container 40 is transported buffer platform 20 by Lift-AGV 10;
2) Lift-AGV 10 is by after container 40 jack-up, sails buffer platform 20 into, stops on a loading/unloading platform 21;
3) container 40 is put down by Lift-AGV 10, is placed on loading/unloading platform 21, and buffer platform 20 is rolled on former road away from;
4) loading/unloading platform 21 placing container 40 is moved to the track 31 with shuttle car 30 and aligns, can allow for the position that shuttle car 30 sails into by buffer platform 20;
5) shuttle car 30 sails buffer platform 20 into the loading/unloading platform 21 placing container 40 along track 31;
6) container 40 jack-up, band container 40 are sailed into stockyard, complete transportation by shuttle car 30.
When container 40 is loaded onto ship, comprise the following steps:
1) container 40 in stockyard it is positioned at, by the shuttle car 30 that crane gear is held in place in stockyard;
2) container 40 is transported buffer platform 20 by shuttle car 30;
3) loading/unloading platform 21 not placing container 40 is moved to the track 31 with shuttle car 30 and aligns, can allow for the position that shuttle car 30 sails into by buffer platform 20;
4) shuttle car 30 sails buffer platform 20 into after container 40 jack-up, stops on loading/unloading platform 21;
5) container 40 is placed on loading/unloading platform 21 by shuttle car 30, and buffer platform 20 is rolled on former road away from;
6) buffer platform 20 will place the loading/unloading platform 21 of container 40, mobile to for the position of Lift-AGV 10 Stuff (to) 40;
7) Lift-AGV 10 sails buffer platform 20 into, to the loading/unloading platform 21 placing container 40;
8) Lift-AGV 10 is by container 40 jack-up, and container 40 is transported to operating area, bank, completes whole horizontal transport process.
In sum, present disclosure is not limited in the above embodiments, and those skilled in the art can propose other embodiment within technological guidance's thought of the present invention, but within this embodiment is included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. a container level transportation system, including many Lift-AGV (10), buffer platform (20), Multiple loading/unloading platforms (21) and at least one shuttle car (30), wherein, described shuttle car (30) is arranged on and institute Stating on the track (31) that buffer platform (20) connects, described loading/unloading platform (21) is in described buffer platform (20) On be movably disposed, described buffer platform is provided with driving means on (20), is used for driving described handling to put down Platform (21) moves, when described buffer platform (20) moves and extremely docks with described track (31), and described shuttle Car (30) can sail described loading/unloading platform (21) into and in described loading/unloading platform (21) by described track (31) Upper loading and unloading container (40);
Wherein, described buffer platform (20) includes multilamellar, and described loading/unloading platform (21) can also be described slow Rush and move between the different layers of platform (20);
It is characterized in that, the container level way of transportation of described container level transportation system is:
In described buffering during handing-over container (40) between described Lift-AGV (10) and described shuttle car (30) By described loading/unloading platform (21) transfer on platform (20);Container (40) unloads ship time, including following step Rapid:
1), after container (40) is unloaded by boats and ships, it is placed on Lift-AGV (10), Lift-AGV (10) By container (40) transport to buffer platform (20);
2) container (40) is lifted by Lift-AGV (10), sails buffer platform (20) into, stops at one On loading/unloading platform (21);
3) container (40) is put down by Lift-AGV (10), is placed on the loading/unloading platform (21) sailed into, And former road rolls buffer platform (20) away from;
4) loading/unloading platform (21) placing container (40) is moved to described by buffer platform (20) Track (31) aligns, can allow for the position that shuttle car (30) sails into;
5) shuttle car (30) sails buffer platform (20) into placing container (40) along described track (31) Loading/unloading platform (21);
6) shuttle car (30) sails container (40) jack-up, band container (40) into stockyard, completes transport Process.
Container level transportation system the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that container (40) During shipment, comprise the following steps:
1) container (40) in stockyard it is positioned at, the shuttle car (30) being held in place in stockyard by crane gear On;
2) container (40) transport is arrived buffer platform (20) by shuttle car (30);
3) buffer platform (20) will not place loading/unloading platform (21) movement of container (40) to described Track (31) aligns, can allow for the position that shuttle car (30) sails into;
4) shuttle car (30) sails buffer platform (20) into by after container (40) jack-up, stops at handling flat On platform (21);
5) container (40) is placed on loading/unloading platform (21) by shuttle car (30), and buffering is rolled on former road away from Platform (20);
6) buffer platform (20) will place the loading/unloading platform (21) of container (40), mobile to being used for The position of Lift-AGV (10) Stuff (to) (40);
7) Lift-AGV (10) sails buffer platform (20) into, puts down to the handling placing container (40) Platform (21);
8) Lift-AGV (10) is by container (40) jack-up, by container (40) transport to bank operation Region, completes whole horizontal transport process.
CN201410409025.7A 2014-08-19 2014-08-19 Container horizontal transportation system Active CN104192576B (en)

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CN108100549A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-06-01 机科(山东)重工科技股份有限公司 A kind of intelligence Container Yard system
CN110002236A (en) * 2018-01-04 2019-07-12 中车齐齐哈尔车辆有限公司 Railway container shipping device and railway container shipping method
CN109292343A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-02-01 山东大学 Multilayer shuttle car storage transportation system and delivery method based on storage robot

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CN2487710Y (en) * 2001-04-30 2002-04-24 中国国际海运集装箱(集团)股份有限公司 Two-deck platform for use in transport means
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