CN104192576A - Container horizontal transportation system and method - Google Patents

Container horizontal transportation system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104192576A
CN104192576A CN201410409025.7A CN201410409025A CN104192576A CN 104192576 A CN104192576 A CN 104192576A CN 201410409025 A CN201410409025 A CN 201410409025A CN 104192576 A CN104192576 A CN 104192576A
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platform
loading
freight container
container
unloading
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CN201410409025.7A
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CN104192576B (en
Inventor
李伟
李勋
安国利
朱连义
杨荣
李强
易应强
孙立
舒帆
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TIANJIN PORT (GROUP) CO Ltd
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TIANJIN PORT (GROUP) CO Ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides a container horizontal transportation system which comprises a plurality of Lift-AGVs, a buffer platform, a plurality of loading and unloading platforms and at least one shuttle car. The shuttle car is arranged on a track connected with the buffer platform, the loading and unloading platforms are movably arranged on the buffer platform, a driving device is arranged on the buffer platform and used for driving the loading and unloading platforms to move, when the buffer platform is moved to be in butt joint with the track, the shuttle car can be driven into the loading and unloading platforms through the track, and containers can be loaded and unloaded on the loading and unloading platforms. The invention further provides a container horizontal transportation method implemented through the container horizontal transportation system. By means of the container horizontal transportation system and method, the horizontal transportation efficiency can be further improved, and energy consumption can be reduced.

Description

Container level transport systems and transportation resources
Technical field
The present invention relates to Container Transport technical field, in particular to the container transportation method of a kind of container level transport systems and a kind of this system of application.
Background technology
In the daily handling process of container wharf, container level transport systems plays an important role, and this system connects the bank handling of freight container and the stockyard handling of freight container, forms harbour bulk handling system; That is to say that it has been responsible for the whole parallel motions of freight container in harbour, the bank horizontal transport that comprises freight container and stockyard horizontal transport.
With respect to the maturation of bank and yard handling technology and stable, container level transportation technology is at present also in high speed development and stage of constantly bringing forth new ideas; Particularly be accompanied by the fast development of automated container terminal, various horizontal transportation systems also continue to bring out.Can say, the technical merit of container level transport systems has become the important evidence of weighing container wharf degree of automation and service ability.
In Traditional Man container wharf, the horizontal transport of freight container is achieved by mobile units such as container tractor or straddle carriers.In this horizontal transportation system, transportation device adopts internal combustion engine drive, brings larger environmental pollution and energy resource consumption, and its energy input accounts for the more than 50% of harbour bulk handling energy consumption according to statistics.And the transportation device that flows in this system need to enter stockyard, its conveying efficiency and safety are subject to many restrictions.
In automated container terminal, there is multiple different implementation method in the horizontal transport of freight container, according to equipment constitute and function location, can roughly these harbours be divided into two classes:
One class harbour is continued to use the transportation that tractor truck is realized freight container, separation by a turnover road is planned, and the overhanging arm design that increases crane in container yard realizes the relative isolation in tractor truck Yu Xiang district, this has improved the problem of horizontal transportation system scarce capacity to a certain extent, but does not change environmental pollution and the larger situation of energy resource consumption that horizontal transport exists.
Another kind of harbour is split as the horizontal transport of freight container bank horizontal transport and stockyard horizontal transport.In the horizontal transport of bank, introduce the horizontal trasportation equipments such as automatically guiding trolley (AGV) and high speed straddle carrier, and by the means of compression flow equipment fed distance, improve handling efficiency and the energy efficiency of bank to stockyard transportation.And in the horizontal transport of stockyard, adopt the stockyard hoisting crane (ASC) of high speed traveling to carry out the carrying of freight container.Because ASC is driven by power, AGV and straddle carrier also can adopt the novel type of drive such as oil electricity mixing, and the environmental-protecting performance of this transport systems is improved.But this mode still has the following disadvantages: because ASC deadweight is larger, its long distance band case walking, energy dissipation is more; ASC adopts two-shipper to be arranged symmetrically with, and most freight containers need repeatedly relay transportation, can not once arrive addressing, bring the higher rate of smashing of turning over, and entire system energy consumption and handling efficiency are affected.
The above analysis, existing built and in the container wharf horizontal transportation system of building, in various degree there is the low and high shortcoming of operation consumption of handling efficiency, there are many rooms for promotion.Although some device fabrication manufacturers have also proposed the system composition proposal distributing based on track, due to the deficiency of applicability, its still difficulty reach practical application effect, container level transport systems also needs to continue to optimize.
Summary of the invention
Technical matters to be solved by this invention is, container level transport systems and the transportation resources of a kind of conveying efficiency of can further improving the standard, reduction energy resource consumption are provided.
In view of this, the invention provides a kind of container level transport systems, comprise many Lift-AGV, a buffer platform, a plurality of loading/unloading platforms and at least one shuttle car, wherein, described shuttle car is arranged on the track being connected with described buffer platform, described loading/unloading platform arranges movably in described buffer platform, in described buffer platform, be provided with actuating device, be used for driving described loading/unloading platform motion, when described buffer platform moves to described orbital docking, described shuttle car can sail described loading/unloading platform into and loading and unloading container on described loading/unloading platform by described track.
Wherein, described Lift-AGV refers to have the AGV of lifting function, by himself realizing transportation and the handling of freight container.
In this technical scheme, adopt Lift-AGV, do not need extra weight-lifting equipment, by the position of docking with shuttle car at Lift-AGV, buffer platform is set and a plurality of loading/unloading platforms are set in buffer platform, only need once transport at buffer platform place and can will complete harbour to the horizontal transport between stockyard, and due to the unbalanced characteristic of the working out of container handling operation own, for example when working out is large, meeting Lift-AGV can unship lower a large amount of freight container and transport stockyard to, but the quantity of shuttle car is limited, will cause the waste of Lift-AGV operating efficiency like this, in the technical program, by buffer platform being set as buffering, can effectively improve conveying efficiency, loading/unloading platform can be driven by the actuating device in buffer platform its motion in buffer platform, thereby moved to the position needing, while docking with Lift-AGV, move to corresponding position, the position corresponding with track shuttle car that move while docking with shuttle car, realize the transfer of freight container between Lift-AGV and shuttle car.
In this technical scheme, utilize the jacking function of buffer platform and Lift-AGV and shuttle car, realized " non-coupling " handling and the transportation of freight container in harbour horizontal transport, be beneficial to the integral transportation efficiency that improves freight container; And this system can realize pure driven by power, energy resource consumption is few, operating area is without discharge, has good environmental-protecting performance; This transportation mode can be realized freight container in harbour transportation, and " disposable " arrives assigned address, avoids unnecessary the turning over of freight container to smash, and reduces stockyard and turns over the rate of smashing, and is beneficial to equally and raises the efficiency, reduces energy consumption; Freight container is in the whole transportation of harbour, and without human intervention, standardization is strong, safe.
Further, described buffer platform comprises multilayer, and described loading/unloading platform can also move between the different layers of described buffer platform.In this technical scheme, buffer platform is multiple-structure, and sets up horizontal bont, can complete the lifting of single movable container loading/unloading platform and transfer; And be combined with the parallel motion of movable container loading/unloading platform, realize the mutual conversion of each layer of position of platform.
The present invention also provides a kind of container level transportation resources that adopts the container level transport systems described in technique scheme, while joining freight container between described Lift-AGV and described shuttle car in described buffer platform by described loading/unloading platform transfer.
Container level transportation resources based on described, freight container unloads ship time, comprises the following steps:
1) after freight container is unloaded by boats and ships, be placed on Lift-AGV upper, Lift-AGV arrives buffer platform by Container Transport;
2) Lift-AGV, by after freight container jack-up, sails buffer platform into, stops on a loading/unloading platform;
3) Lift-AGV puts down freight container, is placed on the loading/unloading platform sailing into, and Bing Yuan rolls buffer platform away from road;
4) buffer platform moves to the loading/unloading platform of placing freight container the position of aliging, can allow shuttle car to sail into the track of shuttle car;
5) shuttle car sails buffer platform into placing the loading/unloading platform of freight container along track;
6) shuttle car is by freight container jack-up, and band freight container sails stockyard into, completes transportation.
During freight container shipment, comprise the following steps:
1) be positioned at the freight container in stockyard, by weight-lifting equipment, be held in place on the shuttle car in stockyard;
2) shuttle car arrives buffer platform by Container Transport;
3) buffer platform moves to the loading/unloading platform of not placing freight container the position of aliging, can allow shuttle car to sail into the track of shuttle car;
4) shuttle car will sail buffer platform into after freight container jack-up, stops on loading/unloading platform;
5) shuttle car is placed on freight container on loading/unloading platform, and Bing Yuan rolls buffer platform away from road;
6) buffer platform will be placed the loading/unloading platform of freight container, moves to the position for Lift-AGV Stuff (to);
7) Lift-AGV sails buffer platform into, to placing the loading/unloading platform of freight container;
8) Lift-AGV, by freight container jack-up, to operating area, bank, completes whole horizontal transport process by Container Transport.
In the present invention, utilize the jacking function of buffer platform and Lift-AGV and shuttle car, realized " non-coupling " handling and the transportation of freight container in harbour horizontal transport, be beneficial to the integral transportation efficiency that improves freight container; And this system can realize pure driven by power, energy resource consumption is few, operating area is without discharge, has good environmental-protecting performance; This transportation mode can be realized freight container in harbour transportation, and " disposable " arrives assigned address, avoids unnecessary the turning over of freight container to smash, and reduces stockyard and turns over the rate of smashing, and is beneficial to equally and raises the efficiency, reduces energy consumption; Freight container is in the whole transportation of harbour, and without human intervention, standardization is strong, safe.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is according to the birds-eye view of the container level transport systems of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the buffer platform according to the embodiment of the present invention, the structural representation of loading/unloading platform.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in further detail.It should be noted that, in the situation that not conflicting, the application's embodiment and the feature in embodiment can combine mutually.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, container level transport systems according to an embodiment of the invention, comprise many Lift-AGV 10, a buffer platform 20, a plurality of loading/unloading platforms 21 and at least one shuttle car 30, wherein, described shuttle car 30 is arranged on the track 31 being connected with described buffer platform 20, described loading/unloading platform 21 arranges movably in described buffer platform 20, in described buffer platform 20, be provided with actuating device, be used for driving described loading/unloading platform 21 motions, when described buffer platform 20 moves to while docking with described track 31, described shuttle car 30 can sail described loading/unloading platform 21 into and loading and unloading container 40 on described loading/unloading platform 21 by described track 31.
Wherein, described Lift-AGV 10 refers to have the AGV of lifting function, by himself realizing transportation and the handling of freight container.
In this technical scheme, adopt Lift-AGV 10, do not need extra weight-lifting equipment, by the position of docking with shuttle car 30 at Lift-AGV 10, buffer platform 20 is set and a plurality of loading/unloading platforms 21 are set in buffer platform 20, only need once transport and can complete harbour to the horizontal transport between stockyard at buffer platform 20 places; And due to the unbalanced characteristic of the working out of container handling operation own, for example when working out is large, Lift-AGV 10 can unship lower a large amount of freight container and transport stockyard to, but the quantity of shuttle car is limited, will cause like this waste of Lift-AGV 10 operating efficiencies.In the technical program, by buffer platform 20 being set as buffering, can effectively improve conveying efficiency, loading/unloading platform 21 can move in buffer platform 20 under the effect of driving device, that is: when docking with Lift-AGV 10, move to the corresponding position mutually with Lift-AGV 10, when with shuttle car 30 docking, move to the position corresponding with the track 31 of shuttle car 30, realize the transfer of freight container between Lift-AGV 10 and shuttle car 30.
In addition, described buffer platform 20 can arrange multilayer, and described loading/unloading platform 21 can also move between the different layers of described buffer platform 20.In this technical scheme, buffer platform 20 is multiple-structure, and sets up horizontal bont, can complete the lifting of single loading/unloading platform 21 and transfer.Meanwhile, this mode can also and the parallel motion combination of loading/unloading platform 21, realize the position of the loading/unloading platform 21 in each layer of buffer platform 20 and move and change.
The present invention also provides a kind of container level transportation resources that adopts the container level transport systems described in technique scheme, while joining freight container 40 between described Lift-AGV 10 and described shuttle car 30 in described buffer platform 20 by described loading/unloading platform 21 transfers.
Container level transportation resources based on described, freight container 40 unloads ship time, comprises the following steps:
1) after freight container 40 is unloaded by boats and ships, be placed on Lift-AGV 10, Lift-AGV 10 is transported to buffer platform 20 by freight container 40;
2) Lift-AGV 10, by after freight container 40 jack-up, sails buffer platform 20 into, stops on a loading/unloading platform 21;
3) Lift-AGV 10 puts down freight container 40, is placed on loading/unloading platform 21, and Bing Yuan rolls on road buffer platform 20 away from;
4) buffer platform 20 moves to the loading/unloading platform 21 of placing freight container 40 position of aliging, can allow shuttle car 30 to sail into the track 31 of shuttle car 30;
5) shuttle car 30 sails buffer platform 20 into the loading/unloading platform 21 of placing freight container 40 along track 31;
6) shuttle car 30 is by freight container 40 jack-up, and band freight container 40 sails stockyard into, completes transportation.
During freight container 40 shipment, comprise the following steps:
1) be positioned at the freight container 40 in stockyard, by weight-lifting equipment, be held in place on the shuttle car 30 in stockyard;
2) shuttle car 30 is transported to buffer platform 20 by freight container 40;
3) buffer platform 20 moves to the loading/unloading platform 21 of not placing freight container 40 position of aliging, can allow shuttle car 30 to sail into the track 31 of shuttle car 30;
4) shuttle car 30 will sail buffer platform 20 into after freight container 40 jack-up, stops on loading/unloading platform 21;
5) shuttle car 30 is placed on freight container 40 on loading/unloading platform 21, and Bing Yuan rolls on road buffer platform 20 away from;
6) buffer platform 20, by placing the loading/unloading platform 21 of freight container 40, moves to the position for Lift-AGV 10 Stuff (to)s 40;
7) Lift-AGV 10 sails buffer platform 20 into, to placing the loading/unloading platform 21 of freight container 40;
8) Lift-AGV 10, by freight container 40 jack-up, is transported to operating area, bank by freight container 40, completes whole horizontal transport process.
In sum, content of the present invention is not limited in the above-described embodiment, and those skilled in the art can propose other embodiment within technical director's thought of the present invention, but this embodiment comprises within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a container level transport systems, it is characterized in that, comprise many Lift-AGV (10), a buffer platform (20), a plurality of loading/unloading platforms (21) and at least one shuttle car (30), wherein, described shuttle car (30) is arranged on the track (31) being connected with described buffer platform (20), described loading/unloading platform (21) arranges movably in described buffer platform (20), described buffer platform is provided with actuating device on (20), be used for driving described loading/unloading platform (21) motion, when described buffer platform (20) moves to while docking with described track (31), described shuttle car (30) can sail described loading/unloading platform (21) into and loading and unloading container (40) on described loading/unloading platform (21) by described track (31).
2. container level transport systems according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described buffer platform (20) comprises multilayer, and described loading/unloading platform (21) can also move between the different layers of described buffer platform (20).
3. the container level transportation resources of the employing container level transport systems described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, upper by described loading/unloading platform (21) transfer in described buffer platform (20) while joining freight container (40) between described Lift-AGV (10) and described shuttle car (30).
4. container level transportation resources according to claim 3, is characterized in that, freight container (40) unloads ship time, comprises the following steps:
1) after freight container (40) is unloaded by boats and ships, be placed on Lift-AGV (10) upper, Lift-AGV (10) is transported to buffer platform (20) by freight container (40);
2) Lift-AGV (10) lifts freight container (40), sails buffer platform (20) into, stops on a loading/unloading platform (21);
3) Lift-AGV (10) puts down freight container (40), is placed on the loading/unloading platform (21) sailing into upper, and Bing Yuan rolls on road buffer platform (20) away from;
4) buffer platform (20) moves to by the loading/unloading platform (21) of placing freight container (40) position of aliging, can allow shuttle car (30) to sail into described track (31);
5) shuttle car (30) sails buffer platform (20) into placing the loading/unloading platform (21) of freight container (40) along described track (31);
6) shuttle car (30) is by freight container (40) jack-up, and band freight container (40) sails stockyard into, completes transportation.
5. container level transportation resources according to claim 3, is characterized in that, during freight container (40) shipment, comprises the following steps:
1) be positioned at the freight container (40) in stockyard, by weight-lifting equipment, be held in place on the shuttle car (30) in stockyard;
2) shuttle car (30) is transported to buffer platform (20) by freight container (40);
3) buffer platform (20) moves to by the loading/unloading platform (21) of not placing freight container (40) position of aliging, can allow shuttle car (30) to sail into described track (31);
4) shuttle car (30) will sail buffer platform (20) into after freight container (40) jack-up, stops on loading/unloading platform (21);
5) shuttle car (30) is placed on loading/unloading platform (21) above by freight container (40), and Bing Yuan rolls on road buffer platform (20) away from;
6) buffer platform (20), by placing the loading/unloading platform (21) of freight container (40), moves to the position for Lift-AGV (10) Stuff (to) (40);
7) Lift-AGV (10) sails buffer platform (20) into, to placing the loading/unloading platform (21) of freight container (40);
8) Lift-AGV (10), by freight container (40) jack-up, is transported to operating area, bank by freight container (40), completes whole horizontal transport process.
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CN109292343A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-02-01 山东大学 Multilayer shuttle car storage transportation system and delivery method based on storage robot
CN109661362A (en) * 2016-06-22 2019-04-19 科尼起重机全球公司 Pass through the system of automatic and artificial guidance heavy vehicle transport container
WO2019114155A1 (en) * 2017-12-11 2019-06-20 Machinery Technology (Shan Dong) Heavy Industry Co. Ltd. Intelligent container yard system
CN110002236A (en) * 2018-01-04 2019-07-12 中车齐齐哈尔车辆有限公司 Railway container shipping device and railway container shipping method

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Cited By (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109661362A (en) * 2016-06-22 2019-04-19 科尼起重机全球公司 Pass through the system of automatic and artificial guidance heavy vehicle transport container
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