CN104191132A - Rear compartment door tailor welding tool - Google Patents

Rear compartment door tailor welding tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104191132A
CN104191132A CN201410436736.3A CN201410436736A CN104191132A CN 104191132 A CN104191132 A CN 104191132A CN 201410436736 A CN201410436736 A CN 201410436736A CN 104191132 A CN104191132 A CN 104191132A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
compartment
back door
carriage back
welding
base plate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201410436736.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104191132B (en
Inventor
黄卫国
梁挺新
李燕
臧华彬
杨德权
陈焕燃
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangxi Yuchai Special Purpose Automobile Co Ltd
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Guangxi Yuchai Special Purpose Automobile Co Ltd
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Application filed by Guangxi Yuchai Special Purpose Automobile Co Ltd filed Critical Guangxi Yuchai Special Purpose Automobile Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410436736.3A priority Critical patent/CN104191132B/en
Publication of CN104191132A publication Critical patent/CN104191132A/en
Application granted granted Critical
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/04Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work
    • B23K37/0426Fixtures for other work
    • B23K37/0435Clamps
    • B23K37/0443Jigs

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  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Optics & Photonics (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Butt Welding And Welding Of Specific Article (AREA)
  • Resistance Welding (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a rear compartment door tailor welding tool which comprises a compartment tailor welding base plate, a fixing compression mechanism, clamping mechanisms and a hanging lug mold. The fixing compression mechanism comprises a compartment positioning assembly, a plurality of compartment compression assemblies and a plurality of compartment adjusting assemblies, wherein the compartment positioning assembly is fixed to the upper surface of the compartment tailor welding base plate so as to position a rear compartment door, the compartment compression assemblies are fixed to the two sides of the compartment tailor welding base plate so as to compress the rear compartment door, and the compartment adjusting assemblies are fixed to the surface of the periphery of the compartment tailor welding base plate. The clamping mechanisms are fixed to the front end and the rear end of the upper surface of the compartment tailor welding base plate and matched with clamping portions of the rear compartment door. The hanging lug mold is fixed to the front end of the compartment tailor welding base plate and matched with a hanging lug at the front end of the rear compartment door. According to the rear compartment door tailor welding tool, the problems that deviation is prone to occurrence, adjustment is difficult and stability is poor when manual tailor welding is adopted can be solved, and therefore welding quality can be improved.

Description

Carriage back door tailor-welding tool
Technical field
The present invention relates to carriage back door welding field, particularly a kind of carriage back door tailor-welding tool.
Background technology
In carriage back door welding, it is less needed man-hour that the welding process of front/rear door parts is produced welding, and more than 2/3 time that accounts for whole machining periods is to get the raw materials ready, assembling, line and other auxiliary work, affect greatly the speed of production of welding, simple dependence manually welded, because weld horizontal differs, affect outward appearance, also can cause cumulative errors impact assembling, between each parts, there is the accurate requirement of axiality, easily there is deviation, more difficult adjusting, back door with uniformity and the poor stability of compartment fit dimension, welding quality can not be guaranteed.
Summary of the invention
As can be seen here, the simple dependence manually of carriage back door of the prior art welded, and causes easily existing in welding the defect of deviation, more difficult adjusting, less stable.
Therefore, in order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of carriage back door tailor-welding tool, and it can improve welding quality.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of carriage back door tailor-welding tool, comprising: compartment welding base plate; The mechanism that is fixed and clamped, it comprises: determine orientation of truck compartment assembly, its upper surface that is fixed on described compartment welding base plate is to position described carriage back door; Multiple compartments hold down assembly, and it is fixedly that described compartment welding base plate both sides are to compress described carriage back door; And multiple compartments adjust assemblies, it is fixed on described compartment welding base plate peripheral surface so that described carriage back door is finely tuned when the welding; Clamping mechanism, it is fixed on upper surface front end and the rear end suitable with the screens portion of described carriage back door of described compartment welding base plate; And hangers mould, its front end end that is fixed on described compartment welding base plate with relative joining of hangers of the front end of carriage back door.
In technique scheme, described determine orientation of truck compartment assembly comprises: the multiple positioning seats that offset with described carriage back door inside casing sidewall and rear end; And the multiple location-plates that fasten with described carriage back door inside casing front end.
In technique scheme, described compartment holds down assembly and comprises: bottom is individually fixed in two the first channel-section steels of described compartment welding plate upper surface both sides, on described two the first channel-section steels, offers respectively at least one group of corresponding adjustment tank; And the pressing plate of the adjustment tank of the described correspondence of cover access, on it, offer some pin shaft holes, compression bearing pin is installed in described pin shaft hole.
In technique scheme, described compartment is adjusted assembly and is comprised location guide pin bushing, and the bottom of this location guide pin bushing is fixedly connected with described compartment welding backplate surface, and on this set pin sleeve, backstay is installed.
In technique scheme, described clamping mechanism comprises the second channel-section steel being fixedly connected with described compartment welding backplate surface, on this second channel-section steel, screens bearing pin is installed.
In technique scheme, described carriage back door tailor-welding tool also comprises the some pretension assembling jigs that are arranged on described compartment welding base plate front end, on the curved wall of fixture of described pretension assembling jig, pre-bearing pin is installed.
Carriage back door tailor-welding tool in the present invention, to parts to be welded, disposable adjusting puts in place, can alleviate blanking and line work and shorten the frock adjusting time, improve operating efficiency, reduce the dimensional discrepancy of goods, improve the precision of part, accomplish effectively to prevent and alleviated welding deformation, make workpiece in best welding portion, the good forming ability of weld seam, defective workmanship obviously reduces, and speed of welding is improved; Location while having replaced hand assembled part position with mechanical device, the hard works such as clamping and workpiece turning; Make the carriage back door welding out higher with uniformity and the stability of compartment fit dimension.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is carriage back door tailor-welding tool structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is carriage back door tailor-welding tool welding schematic perspective view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is carriage back door tailor-welding tool welding schematic top plan view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is carriage back door tailor-welding tool partial enlarged drawing of the present invention;
Mark the following drawings mark thereon by reference to the accompanying drawings:
1-compartment welding base plate, 2-determine orientation of truck compartment assembly, 21-positioning seat, 22-location-plate, assembly is adjusted in 3-compartment, and 31-locates guide pin bushing, 32-backstay, and 4-compartment holds down assembly, 41-the first channel-section steel, 42-adjustment tank, 43-pressing plate, 44-compresses bearing pin, 5-clamping mechanism, 51-the second channel-section steel, 52-screens bearing pin, 53-locating piece, 6-pretension assembling jig, 61-jig arm, the curved wall of 62-fixture, the pre-bearing pin of 63-, 7-carriage back door, 71-screens portion, 8-hangers mould.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, a specific embodiment of the present invention is described in detail, but is to be understood that protection scope of the present invention is not subject to the restriction of detailed description of the invention.
It will be appreciated that, mentioned in following embodiment of the present invention " on ", D score, " left side ", " right side ", " front " and " reverse side " be all taking the direction shown in each figure as benchmark, these words that are used for limiting direction are only used to be convenient to explanation, do not represent the restriction to the concrete technical scheme of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, according to the carriage back door tailor-welding tool of the specific embodiment of the invention, comprising: compartment welding base plate 1, fixing and locking mechanism, clamping mechanism 5, pretension assembling jig 6 and hangers mould, fixing and locking mechanism comprises: the determine orientation of truck compartment assembly 2 that is fixed on compartment welding base plate 1 upper surface, in the present embodiment, this determine orientation of truck compartment assembly 2 comprises: nine positioning seats 21 that offset with carriage back door 7 inside casing sidewalls and rear end, this positioning seat 21 is preferably L-type, and three location-plates 22 that fasten with carriage back door 7 inside casing front ends, its holding section is the L-type tilting, wherein, by positioning seat 21 and location-plate 22, can first on compartment welding base plate 1, carry out pre-aligned to carriage back door 7, multiple compartment welding base plate 1 both sides of being fixed on hold down assembly 4 with the compartment that carriage back door 7 is compressed, it is preferably four, wherein three compress carriage back door 7 postmedians, another compresses carriage back door 7 is anterior, more specifically, this compartment holds down assembly and 4 comprises: bottom is individually fixed in two the first channel-section steels 41 of compartment welding base plate 1 upper surface both sides, on two the first channel-section steels 41, offer respectively at least one group of corresponding adjustment tank 42, as shown in Figure 1, adjustment tank 42 on three two that carriage back door 7 postmedians are compressed the first channel-section steels 41 is two groups, on two the first steel tanks 41 that carriage back door 7 front portions are compressed, be one group, also can highly adjust the group number of selecting adjustment tank 42 according to the welding at carriage back door 7 each positions, and the pressing plate 43 of every pair of corresponding adjustment tank 42 of cover access, on it, offer multiple pin shaft holes, on it, be provided with and compress bearing pin 44, adjust pressing plate 43 and compress the height of carriage back door 7 by adjustment tank 42, in rotary moving fixing again to carriage back door 7 Shang Xia 44 by compressing bearing pin again, multiple compartment welding base plate 1 peripheral surface that are fixed on are adjusted assembly 3 with the compartment that carriage back door 7 is finely tuned when the welding, can select compartment to adjust the quantity of assembly 3 according to the accuracy of adjusting, in the present embodiment, as shown in Figure 1, it is six, this compartment is adjusted assembly 3 and is comprised: bottom and the location guide pin bushing 31 that compartment welding base plate 1 surface is fixedly connected with, on this location guide pin bushing 31, backstay 32 is installed, and carry out the adjustment of axiality by backstay 32, as shown in Figure 4, clamping mechanism 5 comprises four the second channel-section steels 51, be individually fixed in compartment welding base plate 1 upper surface front end and rear end, and 7 screens portions 71 are suitable with carriage back door, and on this second channel-section steel, screens bearing pin 52 is installed, by screens bearing pin 52, carriage back door 7 is carried out to screens on compartment welding base plate 1, wherein, be provided with locating piece 53 in two the second steel tank 51 inner sides being fixed on compartment welding base plate 1 upper surface front end, fast and easy is carried out screens, be fixed and clamped in welding for more convenient, the some pretension assembling jigs 6 that are installed on compartment welding base plate 1 front end are increased, it comprises two jig arm 61 that are fixedly connected with compartment welding base plate 1 front end and is installed on the curved wall 62 of fixture in jig arm 61, it carries out unclamping and fixing in jig arm 61 by two bolts to the curved wall 62 of this fixture, and device has pre-bearing pin 63 on the curved wall 62 of fixture, thereby by the upper and lower in rotary moving of pre-bearing pin 63, carriage back door 7 is pre-fixed, and the hangers mould front end end that is fixed on compartment welding base plate with relative joining of hangers of the front end of carriage back door.
Carriage back door tailor-welding tool in the present embodiment is compressed to welding demonstration below, to allow those skilled in the art more understand inventive concept of the present invention, as in Figure 2-4, this compression welding step comprises: first by determine orientation of truck compartment assembly 2 and hangers mould, it is positioning seat 21, location-plate 22 and hangers film position carriage back door assembly, then by clamping mechanism 5, be that screens bearing pin 52 carries out screens to carriage back door 7 screens portions 71, can increase the accuracy of screens by locating piece 53, again by pretension assembling jig 6, be that pre-bearing pin 63 moves down carriage back door 7 is carried out to pretension, adjust assembly 3 by compartment again, the backstay 32 being fixed on the guide pin bushing 31 of location carries out the adjustment of welding axiality to carriage back door 7, finally hold down assembly 4 by compartment, be installed on that compression bearing pin on pressing plate 43 is in rotary moving Shang Xia 44 finally to be compressed carriage back door 7, after compression, can weld carriage back door 7.
Carriage back door tailor-welding tool in the present invention, to parts to be welded, disposable adjusting puts in place, can alleviate blanking and line work and shorten the frock adjusting time, improve operating efficiency, reduce the dimensional discrepancy of goods, improve the precision of part, accomplish effectively to prevent and alleviated welding deformation, make workpiece in best welding portion, the good forming ability of weld seam, defective workmanship obviously reduces, and speed of welding is improved; Location while having replaced hand assembled part position with mechanical device, the hard works such as clamping and workpiece turning; Make the carriage back door welding out higher with uniformity and the stability of compartment fit dimension.
Finally it should be noted that: above embodiment is only in order to illustrate the present invention and unrestricted technical scheme described in the invention; Therefore, although this description has been described in detail the present invention with reference to each above-mentioned embodiment,, those of ordinary skill in the art should be appreciated that still and can modify or be equal to replacement the present invention; And all do not depart from technical scheme and the improvement thereof of the spirit and scope of the present invention, it all should be encompassed in claim scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a carriage back door tailor-welding tool, is characterized in that, comprising:
Compartment welding base plate;
The mechanism that is fixed and clamped, it comprises:
Determine orientation of truck compartment assembly, its upper surface that is fixed on described compartment welding base plate is to position described carriage back door;
Multiple compartments hold down assembly, and it is fixedly that described compartment welding base plate both sides are to compress described carriage back door; And
Assemblies are adjusted in multiple compartments, and it is fixed on described compartment welding base plate peripheral surface so that described carriage back door is finely tuned when the welding;
Clamping mechanism, it is fixed on upper surface front end and the rear end suitable with the screens portion of described carriage back door of described compartment welding base plate; And
Hangers mould, its front end end that is fixed on described compartment welding base plate with relative joining of hangers of the front end of carriage back door.
2. carriage back door tailor-welding tool according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described determine orientation of truck compartment assembly comprises: the multiple positioning seats that offset with described carriage back door inside casing sidewall and rear end; And the multiple location-plates that fasten with described carriage back door inside casing front end.
3. carriage back door tailor-welding tool according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described compartment holds down assembly and comprises: bottom is individually fixed in two the first channel-section steels of described compartment welding plate upper surface both sides, on described two the first channel-section steels, offers respectively at least one group of corresponding adjustment tank; And the pressing plate of the adjustment tank of the described correspondence of cover access, on it, offer some pin shaft holes, compression bearing pin is installed in described pin shaft hole.
4. carriage back door tailor-welding tool according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described compartment is adjusted assembly and comprised location guide pin bushing, and the bottom of this location guide pin bushing is fixedly connected with described compartment welding backplate surface, and on this set pin sleeve, backstay is installed.
5. carriage back door tailor-welding tool according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described clamping mechanism comprises the second channel-section steel being fixedly connected with described compartment welding backplate surface, on this second channel-section steel, screens bearing pin is installed.
6. carriage back door tailor-welding tool according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described carriage back door tailor-welding tool also comprises the some pretension assembling jigs that are arranged on described compartment welding base plate front end, on the curved wall of fixture of described pretension assembling jig, pre-bearing pin is installed.
CN201410436736.3A 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 Carriage back door tailor-welding tool Active CN104191132B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410436736.3A CN104191132B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 Carriage back door tailor-welding tool

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410436736.3A CN104191132B (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 Carriage back door tailor-welding tool

Publications (2)

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CN104191132A true CN104191132A (en) 2014-12-10
CN104191132B CN104191132B (en) 2016-01-06

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105397376A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-03-16 中车大连机车车辆有限公司 Assembly device for internal combustion locomotive cooling chamber steel structures and manufacturing method thereof
CN109604896A (en) * 2018-12-07 2019-04-12 中车唐山机车车辆有限公司 Clamping device
CN112809231A (en) * 2021-01-28 2021-05-18 中国二十二冶集团有限公司 Manufacturing mould and construction method of assembled turnover support

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20030061481A (en) * 2002-01-14 2003-07-22 주식회사 세원정공 Welding method and jig
CN201140327Y (en) * 2007-12-29 2008-10-29 重庆长安汽车股份有限公司 Vehicle door mounting jig
CN201988873U (en) * 2011-03-09 2011-09-28 浙江豪情汽车制造有限公司 Car door welding fixture
CN103090767A (en) * 2013-01-10 2013-05-08 安徽江淮汽车股份有限公司 Multifunctional car door inspection tool
KR20130119780A (en) * 2012-04-24 2013-11-01 주식회사 신영 Jig for tailor welded blank
CN203316967U (en) * 2013-07-04 2013-12-04 上汽依维柯红岩商用车有限公司 Welding fixture for automobile vehicle door assembly
CN203779036U (en) * 2014-04-08 2014-08-20 嘉兴敏德汽车零部件有限公司 Rear car door frame assembly welding jig
CN204122986U (en) * 2014-08-29 2015-01-28 广西玉柴专用汽车有限公司 Carriage back door tailor-welding tool

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20030061481A (en) * 2002-01-14 2003-07-22 주식회사 세원정공 Welding method and jig
CN201140327Y (en) * 2007-12-29 2008-10-29 重庆长安汽车股份有限公司 Vehicle door mounting jig
CN201988873U (en) * 2011-03-09 2011-09-28 浙江豪情汽车制造有限公司 Car door welding fixture
KR20130119780A (en) * 2012-04-24 2013-11-01 주식회사 신영 Jig for tailor welded blank
CN103090767A (en) * 2013-01-10 2013-05-08 安徽江淮汽车股份有限公司 Multifunctional car door inspection tool
CN203316967U (en) * 2013-07-04 2013-12-04 上汽依维柯红岩商用车有限公司 Welding fixture for automobile vehicle door assembly
CN203779036U (en) * 2014-04-08 2014-08-20 嘉兴敏德汽车零部件有限公司 Rear car door frame assembly welding jig
CN204122986U (en) * 2014-08-29 2015-01-28 广西玉柴专用汽车有限公司 Carriage back door tailor-welding tool

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105397376A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-03-16 中车大连机车车辆有限公司 Assembly device for internal combustion locomotive cooling chamber steel structures and manufacturing method thereof
CN109604896A (en) * 2018-12-07 2019-04-12 中车唐山机车车辆有限公司 Clamping device
CN112809231A (en) * 2021-01-28 2021-05-18 中国二十二冶集团有限公司 Manufacturing mould and construction method of assembled turnover support

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