CN104186967A - Pork pig growth promoting agent containing earthworm nutrient solution - Google Patents

Pork pig growth promoting agent containing earthworm nutrient solution Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104186967A
CN104186967A CN201410360411.1A CN201410360411A CN104186967A CN 104186967 A CN104186967 A CN 104186967A CN 201410360411 A CN201410360411 A CN 201410360411A CN 104186967 A CN104186967 A CN 104186967A
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China
Prior art keywords
nutrient solution
earthworm
pork pig
growth accelerator
content
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CN201410360411.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
韩勇
王德凤
粟朝芝
赵仕洋
杨红文
顾永芬
陶宇航
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GUIZHOU FARMING ANIMAL SCIENCE AND VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
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GUIZHOU FARMING ANIMAL SCIENCE AND VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
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Priority to CN201410360411.1A priority Critical patent/CN104186967A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a pork pig growth promoting agent containing earthworm nutrient solution. The pork pig growth promoting agent comprises the following components: the earthworm nutrient solution, a microbial preparation and propolis, wherein the earthworm nutrient solution is prepared by the steps of mashing the cleaned fresh earthworms, feeding 0.4% of capsaicine and 10% of garlic puree into the mashed earthworms according to the earthworm mass ratio, fully mixing, standing still, and removing the precipitate at the bottom to obtain the earthworm nutrient solution; the daily additive amount of all the components in the growth promoting agent for the pig diet is as follows: 20ml of earthworm nutrient solution per day, 30ml of microbial preparation per day and 20g of propolis per day. After pork pigs are fed by the pork pig growth promoting agent in a combining way, the production performance of the pork pigs and the diet nutrient digestibility are improved, the quality of pork is remarkably improved, and the muscle tenderness is improved. Furthermore, the additive is free from residue and remarkable in production effect, and does not easily generate drug resistance, thus being worth of popularization.

Description

A kind of earthworm nutrient solution pork pig growth accelerator
Technical field
The present invention relates to pork pig breeding technology field, be specifically related to a kind of safe growth accelerator that utilizes the raising pork pig production performance that Animal nutrition theory and experimental technique and mixed feed technology develop.
Background technology
The Main Function of growth accelerator improves efficiency of feed utilization, promotes growth of animal, improves production performance, cost-saving.Since the forties in 20th century, antibiotic is just added feeding animals, effectively improves feed efficiency.But along with the extensive use of antibiotic in mixed feed, some antibiotic is tending towards the state of abuse, there is the resistance to the action of a drug, the problem such as residual, pathogenic, carcinogenic, from source, give food safety belt serious impact.Therefore, research and develop noresidue, production effect significantly, the green safety additive that is difficult for developing immunity to drugs is imperative.
Chinese patent literature application number is 200910114159.5, name is called in " high-performance environment-friendly pig feed and preparation method thereof " data and discloses a kind of high-performance environment-friendly pig feed, it is with earthworm powder, snail powder, fly maggot powder, the raw material substitution fish meal such as yeast, the protein raw materials such as meat meal tankage, with peanut powder Substitution for Soybean Meal, with coarse cereals tapioca starch replacement of corn, the cereal staple food grains such as wheat, with the peptide material in fly maggot powder, enzyme in earthworm powder, the complex enzyme of multi-functional plasminogen activator, the flora of microorganism probiotic, suppress the mechanism instead of chemical growth hormone such as pathogen with chemicals antibiotic, be mixed with the feed of pork pig and mountain pig.There is the quality that improves feed, reduce production costs, promote the advantages such as cultivation food security probability.But this technology feed component raw material forms complicated, the production of feedstuff and obtain more difficultly, production cost is higher, is difficult to promote on a large scale.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is for the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of earthworm nutrient solution pork pig growth accelerator is provided, with the noresidue, production effect that obtain pork pig feed significantly, the green safety additive that is difficult for developing immunity to drugs, and the production cost of this growth accelerator is also lower.
For realizing object of the present invention, this earthworm nutrient solution pork pig growth accelerator of the present invention is such, it is for being added on the basal diet of pork pig, its Main Ingredients and Appearance is earthworm nutrient solution, this earthworm nutrient solution is that the fresh earthworm of cleaning is smashed to pieces, by earthworm mass ratio, add 0.4% capsicim and 10% garlic slurry, fully mix standing after, remove the nutrient solution that bottom precipitation is made; In its component, also contain microorganism formulation, microorganism formulation is by white-rot fungi 2.0 * 10 8cfu/ml, lactobacillus acidophilus 2.0 * 10 12cfu/ml, Trichoderma viride 2.0 * 10 8cfu/ml, bacillus subtilis 3.0 * 10 11cfu/ml, candida utili 5.0 * 10 12these 5 kinds of bacterium equal proportions of cfu/ml mix.Therefore,, as the first preferred version, this growth accelerator is comprised of earthworm nutrient solution and microorganism formulation.
In addition, microorganism formulation can substitute with propolis, forms like this second preferred version, and this growth accelerator is comprised of earthworm nutrient solution and propolis.
As preferred plan, this growth accelerator is comprised of earthworm nutrient solution, microorganism formulation and propolis.
No matter how above-mentioned composition combines, in this growth accelerator, the day addition of each component in pork pig daily ration is earthworm nutrient solution 20ml/d, microorganism formulation 30ml/d, propolis 20g/d.
Further, in the earthworm nutrient solution that the present invention adopts, GA content is that 88.43 mcg/ml, crude protein content are 8.22 grams per liters, 5.03 milligrams/gram of amino acid contents, phosphorus content 0.14 grams per liter, copper content 0.39 grams per liter, manganese content 0.09 grams per liter, iron content 1.04 grams per liters, zinc content 1.95 grams per liters, boron content 0.27 grams per liter, ph value 5.02.
This earthworm nutrient solution pork pig growth accelerator is like this preparation: the fresh earthworm of cleaning is smashed to pieces, by earthworm mass ratio, is added 0.4% capsicim and 10% garlic slurry, fully mix standing after, remove bottom precipitation and make earthworm nutrient solution; By white-rot fungi 2.0 * 10 8cfu/ml, lactobacillus acidophilus 2.0 * 10 12cfu/ml, Trichoderma viride 2.0 * 10 8cfu/ml, bacillus subtilis 3.0 * 10 11cfu/ml, candida utili 5.0 * 10 12these 5 kinds of bacterium equal proportions of cfu/ml are mixed and made into microorganism formulation; The consumption that propolis is each is weighed, be dissolved in microorganism formulation and earthworm nutrient solution.When adopting earthworm nutrient solution and microorganism formulation, only the two need be mixed to join in pork pig basal diet; When adopting earthworm nutrient solution and propolis combination, propolis is dissolved in earthworm nutrient solution and added in pork pig basal diet; When adopting earthworm nutrient solution, microorganism formulation and propolis combination, by after earthworm nutrient solution and microorganism formulation mixing, then after being dissolved in mixed liquor, propolis adds in pork pig basal diet.
Earthworm protein matter content is very high, and average out to 56.5%, is up to 70%.The nutrient solution obtaining after earthworm is processed by particular industry, its nutritional labeling is mainly comprised of 18 seed amino acids and a small amount of small peptide.In earthworm nutrient solution, amino acid accounts for 85%, and small peptide and small molecular protein are 14%-15%.In earthworm nutrient solution, the content of lysine is 650 mg/100ml, and the content of glutamic acid is 980 mg/100ml, and than the high 2-3 of fish meal doubly, the content of tryptophan is 7 times of beef liver to arginic content.In addition, also contain abundant vitamin A, B, E and various trace elements, hormone, enzyme, glucide, various nutrients digest with absorption rate high in animal body, are the desirable feedstock of development of new green safety growth promoter.
The present invention is usingd large flat No. two earthworms that Guizhou Tian Huan Organic Farming Co., Ltd raises as research object, by research methods such as contrast feeding experiment, digestion trial, slaughter experiments, network analysis pork pig growth performance, feed conversion rate, daily ration nutrient digestibility, Slaughter and meat index, find that the prescription when this growth accelerator is that earthworm nutrient solution 20ml/d+microorganism formulation 30ml/d+ propolis 20g/d joins in pork pig daily ration, pork pig daily gain can improve 15.56%, and feedstuff-meat ratio reduces by 15.14%.Earthworm nutrient solution+microorganism formulation+propolis combines the pork pig of feeding can improve pork pig production performance and daily ration nutrient digestibility, significantly improves meat quality, improves Meat Tenderness.And this additive noresidue, production effect significantly, be difficult for developing immunity to drugs, be worthy to be popularized.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1:
Gather earthworm (flat No. two greatly) the extraction high activity earthworm nutrient solution that Guizhou Tian Huan Organic Farming Co., Ltd raises, extracting method is for smashing the fresh earthworm of cleaning to pieces, by earthworm mass ratio, add 0.4% capsicim and 10% garlic slurry, fully mix standing after, remove bottom precipitation and make.By white-rot fungi 2.0 * 10 8cfu/ml, lactobacillus acidophilus 2.0 * 10 12cfu/ml, Trichoderma viride 2.0 * 10 8cfu/ml, bacillus subtilis 3.0 * 10 11cfu/ml, candida utili 5.0 * 10 12these 5 kinds of bacterium equal proportions of cfu/ml are mixed and made into microorganism formulation, and propolis is directly buying on market, is placed in 65 ℃ of drying boxes and dries, and pulverizes 40 mesh sieves.
The present embodiment, by Tian Huan Organic Farming Co., Ltd pork pig cultivation base, Guizhou, carries out contrast test with earthworm liquid pork pig growth accelerator of the present invention, and test I group is control group, the uniform based daily ration of feeding; Test II group basal diet+earthworm nutrient solution+microorganism formulation of feeding; Test III group basal diet+earthworm nutrient solution+propolis of feeding; Test IV group basal diet+earthworm nutrient solution+microorganism formulation+propolis of feeding.Earthworm nutrient solution additive capacity is 20ml/d, and microorganism formulation addition is 30ml/d, and propolis additive capacity is 20g/d, and before feeding, according to the actual scale of feeding of pork pig daily ration, on-the-spot weighing evenly fed after mixing.Correlation test result is as following table:
In this example: the pork pig average daily gain of test II group improves 5.19%(P < 0.05 than test I group), feedstuff-meat ratio reduces 6.53%(P < 0.05), but energy efficiency and protein efficiency ratio, PER difference are between the two not remarkable; The pork pig average daily gain of test III group improves 12.78%(P < 0.01 than test I group), feedstuff-meat ratio reduces 11.75%(P < 0.01), energy efficiency reduces 11.67%(P < 0.01), protein efficiency ratio, PER improves 13.64%(P < 0.01).
The pork pig average daily gain of test IV group improves 15.56%(P < 0.01 than test I group), feedstuff-meat ratio reduces 15.14%(P < 0.01), energy efficiency improves 15.07%(P < 0.01), protein efficiency ratio, PER improves 17.61%(P < 0.01); Compare with test II group, pork pig average daily gain improves 9.86%(P < 0.05), feedstuff-meat ratio reduces 9.22%(P < 0.05), energy efficiency reduces 10.66%(P < 0.05), protein efficiency ratio, PER improves 10.11%(P < 0.05); Compare with test III group, pork pig average daily gain improves 2.46%(P > 0.05), feedstuff-meat ratio reduces 3.85%(P > 0.05); Energy efficiency reduces 3.85%(P > 0.05); Protein efficiency ratio, PER improves 3.50%(P > 0.05).
In this example: the daily ration organic matter digestibility of test II group improves 7.99%(P < 0.05 than test I group), crude protein digestibility improves 8.06%(P < 0.05), crude fat improves 4.22%(P > 0.05), phosphorus digestibility improves 10.96%(P < 0.05), total amino acid digestibility improves 4.89%(P > 0.05); The daily ration organic matter digestibility of test III group improves 8.23%(P < 0.05 than test I group), crude protein digestibility improves 20.16%(P < 0.01), crude fat improves 8.56%(P < 0.05), phosphorus digestibility improves 22.38%(P < 0.01), total amino acid digestibility improves 22.38%(P < 0.01).
The daily ration organic matter digestibility of test IV group improves 10.58%(P < 0.01 than test I group); Crude protein digestibility improves 21.13%(P < 0.01); Crude fat improves 9.35%(P < 0.05); Phosphorus digestibility improves 23.54%(P < 0.01); Total amino acid digestibility improves 13.57%( p < 0.01); Compare with test II group, daily ration organic matter digestibility improves 2.39%(P > 0.05); Crude protein digestibility improves 12.09%(P < 0.01); Crude fat improves 4.93%(P > 0.05); Phosphorus digestibility improves 11.34%(P < 0.01); Total amino acid digestibility improves 8.28%( p < 0.05); Compare with test III group, daily ration organic matter digestibility improves 2.17%(P > 0.05); Crude protein digestibility improves 0.81%(P > 0.05); Crude fat improves 0.73%(P > 0.05); Phosphorus digestibility improves 0.95%(P > 0.05); Total amino acid digestibility improves 5.33%(P < 0.05).
Table 3 is on the impact of pork pig Slaughter and meat index (kg, cm, %)
In this example: Slaughter weight, carcass weight, trunk between test I group, test II group, test III group and test IV group be long, retreat heavily, skin depth between nose heave, hoof weight, leaf fat, dressing percentage, 6-7 thoracic vertebrae, retreat ratio, fat ratio, percentage of water loss and cold cuts rate and all do not make significant difference.
Between the 6-7 thoracic vertebrae of test IV group, fat thickness, drip loss reduce 2.05%(P > 0.05 than test I group respectively), 34.48%(P < 0.01); 22.58%(P < 0.01 is improved than test I group respectively in yellowish pink minute, marble grain, tender degree), 16.67%(P < 0.01) and 20.00%(P < 0.01).Compare with test II group, between thoracic vertebrae, fat thickness, drip loss, tender degree reduce respectively 6.74%(P < 0.05), 17.39%(P < 0.01), 15.79%(P < 0.01); 8.57%(P < 0.05 is improved respectively in yellowish pink minute, marble grain), 16.67%(P < 0.01).Compare with test III group, between thoracic vertebrae, fat thickness, tender degree reduce respectively 14.88%(P < 0.01), 2.04%(P > 0.05); Within yellowish pink minute, improve 2.70%(P > 0.05).
As from the foregoing, adopting the combination of earthworm nutrient solution, microorganism formulation and propolis to add in pork pig basal diet, can obtain significant technique effect, is most preferred embodiment.
Certainly, be more than concrete exemplary applications of the present invention, the present invention also has other embodiment, and all employings are equal to the technical scheme of replacement or equivalent transformation formation, within all dropping on protection domain of the presently claimed invention.

Claims (5)

1. an earthworm nutrient solution pork pig growth accelerator, this growth accelerator is for being added on the basal diet of pork pig, it is characterized in that: the component of this growth accelerator comprises earthworm nutrient solution and microorganism formulation, described earthworm nutrient solution is that the fresh earthworm of cleaning is smashed to pieces, by earthworm mass ratio, add 0.4% capsicim and 10% garlic slurry, after abundant mixing is standing, remove the nutrient solution that bottom precipitation is made; Described microorganism formulation is by white-rot fungi 2.0 * 10 8cfu/ml, lactobacillus acidophilus 2.0 * 10 12cfu/ml, Trichoderma viride 2.0 * 10 8cfu/ml, bacillus subtilis 3.0 * 10 11cfu/ml, candida utili 5.0 * 10 12these 5 kinds of bacterium equal proportions of cfu/ml mix.
2. earthworm nutrient solution pork pig growth accelerator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described earthworm nutrient solution, GA content is that 88.43 mcg/ml, crude protein content are 8.22 grams per liters, 5.03 milligrams/gram of amino acid contents, phosphorus content 0.14 grams per liter, copper content 0.39 grams per liter, manganese content 0.09 grams per liter, iron content 1.04 grams per liters, zinc content 1.95 grams per liters, boron content 0.27 grams per liter, ph value 5.02.
3. earthworm nutrient solution pork pig growth accelerator according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described microorganism formulation can substitute with propolis.
4. earthworm nutrient solution pork pig growth accelerator according to claim 2, is characterized in that: in the component of this growth accelerator, also contain propolis.
5. earthworm nutrient solution pork pig growth accelerator according to claim 4, is characterized in that: in this growth accelerator, the day addition of each component in pork pig daily ration is earthworm nutrient solution 20ml/d, microorganism formulation 30ml/d, propolis 20g/d.
CN201410360411.1A 2014-07-28 2014-07-28 Pork pig growth promoting agent containing earthworm nutrient solution Pending CN104186967A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105851479A (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-08-17 中润丰禾饲料有限公司 Earthworm fermentation liquid, and preparation method and application method thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1327753A (en) * 2000-06-10 2001-12-26 云南爱地生物技术研究所 Fragrance-intensified sometic protein feed and its production method
CN102835609A (en) * 2012-09-27 2012-12-26 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Pig feed capable of preventing piglets from diarrhea and traditional Chinese medicine composition

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105851479A (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-08-17 中润丰禾饲料有限公司 Earthworm fermentation liquid, and preparation method and application method thereof

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