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Cultivation method for actiniae

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CN104186395A
CN104186395A CN 201410497551 CN201410497551A CN104186395A CN 104186395 A CN104186395 A CN 104186395A CN 201410497551 CN201410497551 CN 201410497551 CN 201410497551 A CN201410497551 A CN 201410497551A CN 104186395 A CN104186395 A CN 104186395A
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actiniae
method
cultivation
system
circulating
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CN 201410497551
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Chinese (zh)
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杜伟林
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苏州市相城区新时代特种水产养殖场
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    • Y02A40/81

Abstract

The invention discloses a cultivation method for actiniae. The method particularly comprises the following steps: 1) selecting actiniae I, which look strong, full and round, and are larger in open degrees, intact, vibrant and sturdy, as parents; 2) selecting a large aquarium, creating a stable circulating system in the aquarium, testing seawater parameters one month after the circulating system is created to ensure health and stability of the circulating system, and adding the actiniae I; 3) collecting oosperm manually; 4) placing the oosperm in an incubator for incubation; 5) feeding the larvae obtained through incubation with bait of which the particle diameter is 40 microns, changing 80 percent of the water each day, and breeding till eight-tentacle rudiments appear; 6) cultivating the actinia larvae till 24 to 48-tentacle actiniae II appear, and placing the 24 to 48-tentacle actiniae II into the aquarium for cultivation. According to the invention, the cultivation method is scientific, the technical problem of artificial propagation of the actiniae is solved, the management is simple, the hatchability is high, and the application prospect is high.

Description

一种海葵的养殖方法 A method for cultivation of sea anemone

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及水产养殖领域,尤其涉及一种海葵的养殖方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of aquaculture, in particular, it relates to a method for breeding sea anemones.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 海葵是六放珊瑚亚纲的1目。 [0002] anemone coral six discharge head 1 subclass. 共有1000种以上。 There are more than 1,000 species. 广布于海洋中。 Widely distributed in the ocean. 一般为单体,无骨骼,富肉质,因外形似葵花而得名。 Typically monomers, no bones, rich meat, because shape like sunflower named. 口盘中央为口,周围有触手,少的仅十几个,多的达千个以上,如珊瑚礁上的大海葵。 Central mouth tray for the mouth, surrounded by tentacles, only a few dozen, many more than one thousand, such as large anemone on coral reefs. 触手一般都按6和6的倍数排成多环,彼此互生;内环先生较大,外环后生较小。 Tentacle generally in multiples of 6 and 6 are arranged in multiple rings, alternate with each other; Mr. larger inner, outer epigenetic small. 触手上布满刺细胞,用做御敌和捕食。 Covered with stinging cells on the tentacles, used against an enemy and prey. 大多数海葵的基盘用于固着, 有时也能作缓慢移动。 Most anemones base plate for fixing, can sometimes be slow-moving. 少数无基盘,埋栖于泥沙质海底,有的海葵能以触手在水中游泳。 No small number of base plates, buried in silt sediment bottom habitat, and some can swim with sea anemone tentacles in the water.

[0003] 海葵是一种构造非常简单的动物,没有中枢信息处理机构,因此,它连最低级的大脑基础也不具备,然而海葵营养价值高,口感鲜美,是一种高档食用水产品,海葵的毒素可用于降血压、凝血,对心脏神经和肌肉有止痛作用,具有安神镇静、止痛、抗衰老、抗癌变的药用价值。 [0003] anemone is a construct very simple animal, no central information processing mechanism, therefore, it is even the basis of the lowest level of the brain do not have, however, high nutritional value anemones, taste delicious, is a high-grade food fish , sea anemone toxin can be used to lower blood pressure, blood clotting, nerve and heart muscle has analgesic, sedative has sedative, analgesic, anti-aging, anti-cancer becomes medicinal value.

[0004] [0004]

发明内容本发明主要解决的技术问题是提供一种海葵的养殖方法。 The present invention is mainly to solve the technical problem is to provide a sea anemone farming methods.

[0005] 为解决上述技术问题,本发明采用的一个技术方案是:一种海葵的养殖方法,具体步骤包括: 1) 亲体的采选:挑选看起来来结实、饱满,开得很大,无伤完整、活力强健,不会出现缩小、松软和躲藏在石缝中的状态的海葵个体作为亲体; 2) 亲体的驯养:选取一个大型的水族箱,在水族箱内建立稳定的循环系统,水族箱循环建立后还要再等一个月的时间,以确保循环系统的健康和稳定,在加入海葵之前先测试海水参数,最好氨、亚硝酸盐和硝酸盐都为〇,比重介于1. 024 - 1. 026之间,pH在8~8. 4之间,温度介于24°C〜27°C,溶解氧5mg/L以上,人工投饵; 3 )受精卵的收集:雄性个体会释放精子,雌性个体会释放卵子,精子和卵子在水中结合成受精卵,人工收集受精卵; 4) 受精卵的孵化:将收集的受精卵置于孵化箱中孵化,每日换水50% ; 5) 幼体培养:孵 [0005] To solve the above problems, an aspect of the present invention is that: a method of farming anemone, specific steps include: 1) mining broodstock: selection seems to firm, full, very large, no injuries complete, robust vigor, will not be reduced, anemones and soft individuals hiding in the crevice of the state as the parent body; domesticated 2) broodstock: select a large aquarium, aquarium establish stability in the circulatory system after the aquarium circulations have to wait a month to ensure the health and stability of the circulatory system, before joining the sea anemone first test parameter, preferably ammonia, nitrite and nitrate are square, the proportion of medium . to 1.024 - between 1. 026, pH between 4 and 8 to 8, a temperature of between 24 ° C~27 ° C, dissolved oxygen than 5mg / L, artificial feeding; 3) fertilized eggs were collected: males released sperm, females will release the egg, sperm and eggs into the water binding fertilized eggs collected manually; 4) fertilized eggs: fertilized eggs collected was placed in incubator incubator, changing the water daily 50%; 5) larvae culture: hatch 得到的幼体投喂粒径40um的饵料,每日换水80%,培育至八条触手原基出现,8触手〜16触手幼体投卤虫无节幼体作饵料,16触手〜24触手幼体投卤虫无节幼体、桡足类、齒虫成体、糠虾作饵料,24〜48触手幼体投糠虾及鱼虾肉作饵料; 6) 海葵养殖:幼葵培养至24触手〜48触手海葵后将其放回水族箱内养殖,喂养频率可从每周3次到每2周1次。 The resulting larvae feeding bait 40um particle size, changing the water daily to 80%, appear primordia incubated eight tentacles, tentacles 8 ~ 16 tentacles larvae Artemia nauplii administered as a bait, 16 ~ 24 tentacles tentacle Artemia nauplii administered nauplii, copepods, insect adult teeth, Mysis as bait, 24~48 tentacle fish larvae and shrimp meat administered as bran bait; 6) anemone culture: sunflower immature ~48 tentacle anemone tentacles to 24 after the culture it back to the aquarium breeding, feeding frequency can be from 1 week to 3 times every 2 weeks.

[0006] 在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述步骤(2)中水族箱的尺寸为1X1X0. 5m〜lX IX lm。 [0006] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the step (2) in a size of aquarium 1X1X0. 5m~lX IX lm.

[0007] 在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述步骤(2)中水族箱底部放置有细沙。 [0007] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the step (2) is placed at the bottom of the aquarium sand.

[0008] 在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述海葵养殖时附有共生藻。 [0008] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, when the sea anemone with symbiotic algae culture.

[0009] 在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述步骤(2 )中水族箱内设有灯管,使得所述海葵可以通过体内的共生藻获得大部分的营养。 [0009] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the step (2) is equipped with an aquarium lamp, such that the most of the nutrients can be obtained anemone vivo symbiotic algae.

[0010] 在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述灯管的规格为1~2W灯泡/L。 [0010] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the specifications for the lamp bulb 1 ~ 2W / L.

[0011] 本发明的有益效果是:本发明一种海葵的养殖方法采用科学的养殖技术,使原本在海洋中栖息生活的海葵驯化适应在人工环境下培养并成熟繁殖,解决了海葵人工繁殖的技术难题,管理简单,孵化率高,具有良好的应用前景。 [0011] the beneficial effect of the invention is: a method for breeding sea anemone present invention using scientific farming techniques, so that the original habitat of life in the sea anemone domesticated adapt cultured in an artificial environment and mature breeding, sea anemones solved artificial propagation of technical problems, management is simple, hatching rate, with a good prospect.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0012] 下面对本发明的较佳实施例进行详细阐述,以使本发明的优点和特征能更易于被本领域技术人员理解,从而对本发明的保护范围做出更为清楚明确的界定。 [0012] The following preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail, so that the advantages and features of the present invention can be more readily understood by those skilled in the art, in order to make more clearly the scope of clearly defined in the present invention.

[0013] 本发明实施例包括:一种海葵的养殖方法,具体步骤包括: 1) 亲体的采选:挑选看起来来结实、饱满,开得很大,无伤完整、活力强健,不会出现缩小、松软和躲藏在石缝中的状态的海葵个体作为亲体,所述海葵养殖时附有共生藻; 2) 亲体的驯养:选取一个尺寸为1 X 1 X0. 5πΓΐ X 1 X lm的水族箱,水族箱底部放置有细沙,水族箱内设有灯管,所述灯管的规格为1~2W灯泡/L,使得所述海葵可以通过体内的共生藻获得大部分的营养,在水族箱内建立稳定的循环系统,水族箱循环建立后还要再等一个月的时间,以确保循环系统的健康和稳定,在加入海葵之前先测试海水参数,最好氨、 亚硝酸盐和硝酸盐都为〇,比重介于1.024 - 1.026之间,pH在8〜8. 4之间,温度介于24°C〜27°C,溶解氧5mg/L以上,人工投饵; 3 )受精卵的收集:雄性个体会释放精子,雌性个体会 Example [0013] The present invention comprises: A method for cultivation of sea anemone, specific steps include: 1) mining broodstock: selection seems to firm, full, very large, complete without injury, strong activity, not reduction occurs, and anemones individual soft hiding in crevices in a state as the parent body, with said symbiotic algae culture anemones; domesticated 2) broodstock: selecting a size of 1 X 1 X0 5πΓΐ X 1 X lm. aquarium, placed sand bottom of the aquarium, an aquarium equipped with a lamp, the lamp bulb specifications for 1 ~ 2W / L, so that the most of the nutrients can be obtained anemone vivo symbiotic algae establish a stable circulation within the aquarium, the aquarium circulations have to wait a month to ensure the health and stability of the circulatory system, before joining the sea anemone first test parameter, preferably ammonia, nitrite salts and nitrates are both square, the specific gravity range 1.024 - between 1.026, pH between 4 8~8, temperatures between 24 ° C~27 ° C, dissolved oxygen 5mg / L or more, artificial feeding; 3 ) fertilized eggs were collected: males release sperm, females will 释放卵子,精子和卵子在水中结合成受精卵,人工收集受精卵; 4) 受精卵的孵化:将收集的受精卵置于孵化箱中孵化,每日换水50% ; 5) 幼体培养:孵化得到的幼体投喂粒径40um的饵料,每日换水80%,培育至八条触手原基出现,8触手〜16触手幼体投卤虫无节幼体作饵料,16触手〜24触手幼体投卤虫无节幼体、桡足类、齒虫成体、糠虾作饵料,24〜48触手幼体投糠虾及鱼虾肉作饵料; 6) 海葵养殖:幼葵培养至24触手〜48触手海葵后将其放回水族箱内养殖,喂养频率可从每周3次到每2周1次。 Releasing eggs, sperm and eggs into the water binding fertilized eggs collected manually; 4) fertilized eggs: fertilized eggs collected was placed in the incubator incubator, changing the water daily 50%; 5) larvae culture: Incubation the resulting larvae feeding bait 40um particle size, changing the water daily to 80%, appear primordia incubated eight tentacles, tentacles 8 ~ 16 tentacles larvae Artemia nauplii administered as a bait, 16 ~ 24 tentacles tentacle Artemia nauplii administered nauplii, copepods, insect adult teeth, Mysis as bait, 24~48 tentacle fish larvae and shrimp meat administered as bran bait; 6) anemone culture: sunflower immature ~48 tentacle anemone tentacles to 24 after the culture it back to the aquarium breeding, feeding frequency can be from 1 week to 3 times every 2 weeks.

[0014] 与现有技术相比,本发明一种海葵的养殖方法采用科学的养殖技术,使原本在海洋中栖息生活的海葵驯化适应在人工环境下培养并成熟繁殖,解决了海葵人工繁殖的技术难题,管理简单,孵化率高,具有良好的应用前景。 [0014] Compared with the prior art, a method of breeding sea anemone present invention using scientific farming techniques, so that the original habitat of life in the sea anemone domesticated adapt cultured in an artificial environment and mature breeding, sea anemones solved artificial propagation of technical problems, management is simple, hatching rate, with a good prospect.

[0015] 以上所述仅为本发明的实施例,并非因此限制本发明的专利范围,凡是利用本发明说明书内容所作的等效结构或等效流程变换,或直接或间接运用在其他相关的技术领域,均同理包括在本发明的专利保护范围内。 [0015] The embodiments described above are only embodiments of the present invention, not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, the present invention is usually made by using a description equivalent structures or equivalent process, or applied directly or indirectly to other related art art shall fall within the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. 一种海葵的养殖方法,其特征在于,具体步骤包括: 1) 亲体的采选:挑选看起来来结实、饱满,开得很大,无伤完整、活力强健,不会出现缩小、松软和躲藏在石缝中的状态的海葵个体作为亲体; 2) 亲体的驯养:选取一个大型的水族箱,在水族箱内建立稳定的循环系统,水族箱循环建立后还要再等一个月的时间,以确保循环系统的健康和稳定,在加入海葵之前先测试海水参数,最好氨、亚硝酸盐和硝酸盐都为〇,比重介于1. 024 - 1. 026之间,pH在8~8. 4之间,温度介于24°C〜27°C,溶解氧5mg/L以上,人工投饵; 3 )受精卵的收集:雄性个体会释放精子,雌性个体会释放卵子,精子和卵子在水中结合成受精卵,人工收集受精卵; 4) 受精卵的孵化:将收集的受精卵置于孵化箱中孵化,每日换水50% ; 5) 幼体培养:孵化得到的幼体投喂粒径40um的饵料,每日换水80 CLAIMS 1. A method for cultivation of sea anemone, wherein step specifically comprises: mining 1) broodstock: selection seems to firm, full, very large, complete without injury, strong activity, will not be reduced, anemones individual soft and hiding in crevices in a state as the parent body; domesticated 2) broodstock: selecting a large aquarium, to establish stable circulation within the aquarium, wait another month after circulation within the aquarium time, to ensure the health and stability of the circulatory system, prior to addition of test water parameters anemone, preferably ammonia, nitrite and nitrate are square, a specific gravity of between 1.024 - between 1. 026, pH between 8 and 84, the temperature is between 24 ° C~27 ° C, dissolved oxygen 5mg / L or more, artificial feeding; 3) fertilized eggs were collected: males released sperm, egg release females, sperm and eggs into the water binding fertilized eggs collected manually; 4) fertilized eggs: fertilized eggs collected was placed in the incubator incubator, changing the water daily 50%; 5) larvae culture: obtained hatched larvae 40um particle size of bait feeding, changing the water daily 80 %,培育至八条触手原基出现,8触手〜16触手幼体投卤虫无节幼体作饵料,16触手〜24触手幼体投卤虫无节幼体、桡足类、齒虫成体、糠虾作饵料,24〜48触手幼体投糠虾及鱼虾肉作饵料; 6) 海葵养殖:幼葵培养至24触手〜48触手海葵后将其放回水族箱内养殖,喂养频率可从每周3次到每2周1次。 %, Incubated primordia appears eight tentacles, tentacles 8 ~ 16 tentacles larvae Artemia nauplii administered as a bait, 16 ~ 24 tentacles tentacle larvae administered Artemia nauplii, copepods, insect adult teeth, as bait Mysis , 24~48 tentacle fish larvae and shrimp meat administered as bran bait; 6) anemone culture: immature sunflower grown to ~48 after tentacle anemone tentacles 24 back into the aquarium their breeding, feeding frequency from week 3 times to once every two weeks.
2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种海葵的养殖方法,其特征在于:所述步骤(2)中水族箱的尺寸为1X 1X 〇· 5m〜l X 1X lm。 The method of farming the sea anemone claim 1, wherein: said step (2) in a size of aquarium 1X 1X square · 5m~l X 1X lm.
3. 根据权利要求1所述的一种海葵的养殖方法,其特征在于:所述步骤(2)中水族箱底部放置有细沙。 3. The method of claim 1. A culture according to claim anemone, wherein: said step (2) is placed in the bottom of the aquarium sand.
4. 根据权利要求1所述的一种海葵的养殖方法,其特征在于:所述海葵养殖时附有共生藻。 The method of farming the sea anemone claim 1, wherein: said anemone with symbiotic algae culture.
5. 根据权利要求1所述的一种海葵的养殖方法,其特征在于:所述步骤(2)中水族箱内设有灯管,使得所述海葵可以通过体内的共生藻获得大部分的营养。 5. The method of farming the sea anemone claim 1, wherein: said step (2) is equipped with an aquarium lamp, so that the majority can be obtained by in vivo anemone symbiotic algae nutrition.
6. 根据权利要求5所述的一种海葵的养殖方法,其特征在于:所述灯管的规格为] 灯泡/L。 6. A method for cultivation of sea anemone claimed in claim 5, characterized in that: said lamp specifications] bulb / L.
CN 201410497551 2014-09-25 2014-09-25 Cultivation method for actiniae CN104186395A (en)

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