CN104179508A - Roadway cleaning machine - Google Patents

Roadway cleaning machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104179508A
CN104179508A CN201410233491.4A CN201410233491A CN104179508A CN 104179508 A CN104179508 A CN 104179508A CN 201410233491 A CN201410233491 A CN 201410233491A CN 104179508 A CN104179508 A CN 104179508A
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China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
oil cylinder
drive
oil
shoveling
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CN201410233491.4A
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CN104179508B (en
Inventor
王华忠
王华良
曾学斌
梁永华
王清林
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XIANGYANG ZHONGLIANG ENGINEERING MACHINERY CO LTD
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XIANGYANG ZHONGLIANG ENGINEERING MACHINERY CO LTD
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Priority to CN201410233491.4A priority Critical patent/CN104179508B/en
Publication of CN104179508A publication Critical patent/CN104179508A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a roadway cleaning machine which is used for cleaning and eliminating danger of a roadway loosening layer after the tunneling and blasting. An impacting and crushing device, a vehicle chassis, a mechanical arm group, a rotary platform, an electrical control system and a hydraulic control system are integrated into a whole, and diesel engine power, full hydraulic drive, combination of mechanical and hydraulic transmission and electrical control and hydraulic piloting manipulation are adopted to drive the vehicle chassis to travel and drive a push shovel and a supporting leg to rise and descend; the rotary platform is driven to rotate; the mechanical arm group is driven to rise, extend, retract, rotate and swing; a crushing hammer is manipulated to impact and strike the loosening layer at a high frequency. The roadway cleaning machine can substitute the manual work to clean and eliminating danger of the roadway, and the mechanized operation is adopted, so that the automation degree is high, the push shovel is powerful and strong in climbing capacity, systematic functions are reasonable to set, convenience in operation and adjustment can be achieved, the labor intensity can be alleviated, the operating efficiency can be improved, the cleaning and danger eliminating time can be shortened, injury and death of operation personnel can be avoided and reduced, and powerful guarantee is provided for the safety production of the roadway construction. The roadway cleaning machine is widely applied to the mining exploration and tunnel construction cleaning and danger eliminating operation.

Description

Tunnel descaling machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to mining activities and set of tunneling construction equipment technical field, specifically a kind of for roadway construction driving, after explosion, broken pine layer is cleared up the special-purpose machinery of the operation of getting rid of the danger.
Background technology
The basic continuity of current tunnelling construction traditional work pattern.Take blasting method driving, then the broken pine layer of labor cleaning, eliminates tunnel landslide potential safety hazard.After tunnelling construction and driving explosion, the cleaning of broken pine layer is got rid of the danger, and is dangerous, the arduousest work in tunnelling construction.According to statistics, the cleaning that the security incident of roadway construction 75% occurs in brokenly pine layer is got rid of the danger in operation.Labor cleaning gets rid of the danger that operation is dangerous large, inefficiency, labour intensity is high and operating condition is poor.Along with scientific and technological progress and social development, adopting machinery to clear up the operation of getting rid of the danger becomes inevitable.
Summary of the invention
For overcoming the get rid of the danger deficiency of operation of existing labor cleaning, goal of the invention of the present invention is to provide a kind of tunnel descaling machine, manually carries out tunnel cleaning and gets rid of the danger, to improve operation work efficiency and roadway construction security reliability for substituting.
For achieving the above object, the present invention integrates impact grinding device, vehicle chassis, mechanical arm group, revolving dial and electrical control system and hydraulic control system, and electrical control system and hydraulic control system driving vehicle chassis driving walking and shoveling thereof, supporting leg lift, fall; The revolution of drive revolving dial; The lifting of driving device arm group, flexible, rotation and swing; Handle quartering hammer high-frequency percussion and impact brokenly pine layer.
Described vehicle chassis is rubber-tyred chassis, can be also caterpillar chassis; Rubber-tyred vehicle chassis adopts propons to hang, propons turns to, four-wheel drive, oil pressure wheel hub brake structure, sole, dynamical system, running gear, steering, brakes and shoveling, supporting leg, department's control chamber, consists of;
Dynamical system adopts diesel engine as power source, also can adopt external power supply equipped motor, diesel engine is installed on the rear portion of vehicle chassis, oil pump is fixed on diesel engine connecting box, the output shaft of diesel engine is connected with oil pump by shaft coupling, drive operation of oil pump, implement hydraulic-driven and transmission;
Running gear is comprised of running motor, transfer case, universal drive shaft, propons, back axle, wheel; Drive running motor, through transfer case, universal drive shaft, propons, the walking of rear bridge driven wheel;
Steering is comprised of steering wheel, steering wheel, steering cylinder and propons steering linkage, and steering wheel (valve) is controlled steering cylinder, and the steering linkage that promotes propons is controlled Vehicular turn;
Brakes is hydraulic brake system, the drum brake in-built by brake pedal, master cylinder, brake piping and wheel forms, trample braking footrest and control master cylinder, brake fluid force feed drives the in-built checking cylinder of wheel to make shoe brake compress brake drum braking;
Sole adopts frame type welded construction, and propons hangs on sole front portion by front axle support, and back axle is fixed by the rear portion of bolt and sole, between propons, back axle and transfer case, through universal drive shaft, is connected; Sole front end arranges shoveling and lift thereof, rising and falling of shoveling adopts duplex shoveling oil cylinder parallel drive, and shoveling oil cylinder is arranged symmetrically with, and its piston rod head and cylinder barrel afterbody are hinged with shoveling and sole respectively, the piston rod of controlling shoveling oil cylinder stretches out and retracts, and drives shoveling to fall and lift; The both sides, rear portion of sole arrange respectively supporting leg, and top and the sole of supporting leg are fixed; Support oil cylinder cylinder barrel afterbody and piston rod head are hinged with sole and supporting leg respectively, drive the piston rod of support oil cylinder stretch out and retract, and drive supporting leg to fall and lift.
Drivers' cab is fixedly installed in a side of revolving dial, drivers' cab is with the rotary support synchronous revolving of revolving dial, drivers' cab adopts steel frame construction, driver's chair is installed at the rear portion of drivers' cab, front portion arranges console, on console, arrange instrument board, electrical control system and hydraulic control system master cock and handle, pedal is installed on drivers' cab floor.
Described revolving dial forms by turning round support, rotary support, angling cylinder; Revolving dial is arranged at the middle part of vehicle chassis, be fixedly installed on the landing slab of sole, revolution support inner ring is connected and fixed by the upper mounting plate of bolt and sole, revolution support be bolted bottom outer ring and rotary support fixing, angling cylinder two ends respectively with sole, rotary support base plate hinged; Duplex angling cylinder oppositely links, the revolution of push-and-pull rotary support, driving mechanical arm group and the revolution of impact grinding device.
Described mechanical arm group is comprised of three grades of suit telescopic arms, hoist cylinder, telescopic oil cylinder, rotary oil cylinder, swing arm, swing arm oil cylinders; Three grades of suit telescopic arm rear ends are by bearing pin and rotary support upper articulation, and front end and rotary oil cylinder flange are joined with bolts, and rotary oil cylinder front end flange dish and swing arm rear portion are fixed, and swing arm front end and impact grinding device are hinged;
The flexible of three grades of suit telescopic arms driven by built-in telescopic oil cylinder, two telescopic oil cylinders adopt end to end the anti-connected mode of dress, oil pipe serial connection to form telescopic oil cylinder group, telescopic oil cylinder group is cut with scissors dress with one-level arm front end and three grades of arm rear ends by bearing pin respectively, drive telescopic oil cylinder piston rod flexible, drive three grades of suit telescopic arms flexible step by step; Drive hoist cylinder piston rod flexible, driving mechanical arm group be take rear end as rotating shaft, and its front end and rotary oil cylinder, swing arm and impact grinding device are raised and reduce; The rotation of driving rotary oil cylinder, drives swing arm and the rotation of impact grinding device; Drive swing arm cylinder piston rod flexible, drive impact grinding device and crushing hammar drill rod raise and reduce.
Described impact grinding device consists of quartering hammer and hammer seat and top compressing cylinder; Quartering hammer is flush-mounted in the rail groove of hammer seat clamping plate by being fixed on the scroll wheel of hammer body both sides, top compressing cylinder front end piston rod and rear end cylinder barrel are hinged with the end face of flange of quartering hammer, hammer seat respectively, drive top oil pressuring cylinder piston bar to stretch out, quartering hammer is formed to top and press, promote the quartering hammer reach of rolling in rail groove; Also can scroll wheel be installed in hammer seat clamping plate inner side, the hammer body arranged outside rail groove of quartering hammer, hammer seat is flush-mounted in the outer side track groove of quartering hammer by its scroll wheel.
Described electrical control system and hydraulic control system comprise instrument board, electrical control manipulation and hydraulic control control system; Switch and handle, pedal that instrument board, electrical control manipulation and hydraulic control are handled are installed in drivers' cab, and instrument board, electrical control manipulation and hydraulic control master cock and handle are installed on console, and pedal is installed on floor;
Described electrical control system is comprised of storage battery, master switch, generator, indicator lamp, adjuster, starter motor, relay, start stop switch, illuminating lamp, light switch, early-warning lamp, early warning switch and tachometer, water-thermometer, fuel gauge, oil pressure gauge and connection line thereof;
Described hydraulic control system is by oil pump, running motor, steering wheel, steering cylinder, shoveling oil cylinder, support oil cylinder, angling cylinder, hoist cylinder, telescopic oil cylinder, rotary oil cylinder, swing arm oil cylinder, quartering hammer, top compressing cylinder, hydraulic lock, 5-linked multi-way control valve, pilot control treadle valve, overflow valve, radiator fan motor, cleaner, fuel tank, air filter, oil thermometer, oil return cleaner, oil adsorption filter, radiator, pressure meter, pressure-gradient control valve, pilot control handle valve, six multi-way control valves, choke valve, fluid pressure line, joint forms,
Oil pump adopts combination triple gear pump, wherein two main pumps are major loop fuel feeding, drive respectively running motor, steering cylinder, shoveling oil cylinder, support oil cylinder, angling cylinder and hoist cylinder, telescopic oil cylinder, rotary oil cylinder, swing arm oil cylinder, quartering hammer, top compressing cylinder; One auxiliary pump is mainly pilot control loop fuel feeding as pioneer pump, and cleaner is installed in pilot control loop;
Hydraulic control system is provided with overflow valve at each minute oil circuit, and multi-way control valve is provided with to measure the pressure measurement interface of working connection pressure;
Vehicle to run drive advance, retreat, the rising and falling and the startup of quartering hammer, stop, push up and press employing pedal control of braking and shoveling, supporting leg; The lifting of the revolution of revolving dial and mechanical arm group, manual control switch and lever handle flexible, that rotate, swing on employing console are controlled;
Shoveling oil cylinder, the equipped hydraulic lock of support oil cylinder; Angling cylinder is equipped with choke valve.Fluid pressure line adopts support and pipe clamp to mount in mechanical arm outside.
The present invention compared with prior art, alternatively manually carries out tunnel cleaning and gets rid of the danger, and has thoroughly changed traditional driving explosion rear lane and has pointed out the operating type that the cleaning of pine layer get rid of the danger frankly, adopt do mechanization operation, automaticity is high, and shoveling is powerful, climbing capacity is strong, it is reasonable that heat-extraction system function setting is smash in cleaning, and operation adjustment is convenient, can effectively reduce labor intensity, improve operation work efficiency, shorten cleaning and get rid of the danger the time, avoid and reduce operating personnel's injures and deaths, for roadway construction safety in production provides powerful guarantee.Can be widely used in exploitation of mineral resources and constructing tunnel and clear up the operation of getting rid of the danger.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is stereochemical structure simplified schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is structural representation sketch of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the top view of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the lateral view of Fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is electrical schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is hydraulic schematic diagram of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4, it is power that the present invention adopts diesel engine, full hydraulic drive, adopts mechanical, electric, hydraulic pressure integrated technique, and integrated impact grinding device 1, vehicle chassis 2, mechanical arm group 3, revolving dial 5 and electrical control system and hydraulic control system 4 are in one.Vehicle chassis 2, as the supporting body of complete machine, has walking driving and shoveling, bearing function; Revolving dial 5, as the support of mechanical arm group 3, has left and right revolute function; Mechanical arm group 3 and impact grinding device 4 forms Dao Pai mechanisms, mechanical arm group 3 have oscilaltion, elastic, rotate in a circumferential direction and swing up and down comprehensive regulatory function, its height, length, angle, side direction, circumferentially easy to adjust; Impact grinding device 1 have swing up and down, height and angular adjustment and servo-actuated top compression functions, the top compressing cylinder 40 of impact grinding device 1 special use, during can keeping quartering hammer 38 to impact, servo-actuated follow-up all the time holds out against striking point, can guarantee the normal starting of oscillation of quartering hammer 38, the drill steel of quartering hammer 38 implements the high-frequency percussion of broken pine layer to impact, and its fragmentation is come off.
Described vehicle chassis 1 adopts rubber-tyred chassis structure, can be also caterpillar chassis.Rubber-tyred chassis adopts propons to hang, propons turns to, four-wheel drive, oil pressure wheel hub brake structure.Rubber-tyred chassis is mainly partly comprised of sole 6, dynamical system, running gear, steering, brakes and shoveling 7, supporting leg 8, department's control chamber 9 etc.Caterpillar chassis is comprised of driving wheel, guide wheel, holder sprocket wheel, crawler belt and strainer.Caterpillar chassis driving wheel is driven by motor, and its braking, for hydraulic braking, turns to and controlled by the asynchronous running of both sides motor.Lighter with respect to rubber-tyred chassis complete machine weight, walking is quick, turns to feature flexibly, and it is firm that caterpillar chassis has chassis, and powerful is frustrated the feature strong with side rollover resistant capability after climbing capacity is strong, anti-.
Dynamical system adopts diesel engine 10 as power source, also can adopt external power supply to join motorized power supply mode, can also adopt diesel engine and electric motor dual-power device and dual power source.The advantage of combustion power is that walking driving scope is unrestricted greatly; Shortcoming is pollution emission environment, and fuel cost is higher.The advantage of electrical propulsion unit is there is no exhaust emissions, clean environment firendly, and electricity cost is lower; Shortcoming is to be subject to power limitations, and wants drag cable inconvenience.Diesel engine 10 is installed on the rear portion of vehicle chassis 2, is conducive to complete machine counterweight.Oil pump 11 is fixed on the connecting box of diesel engine 10, and the output shaft of diesel engine 10 is connected with oil pump 11 by shaft coupling, drives oil pump 11 work, and mechanical energy is converted into hydraulic energy, implements hydraulic-driven and transmission.
Running gear is comprised of running motor 12, transfer case 13, power transmission shaft 14, propons 15, back axle 16, wheel 17 etc.By running motor 12, drive, through transfer case 13, power transmission shaft 14, propons 15, the inner tooth bag of back axle 16 and power transmission shaft 14 machine driving, drive wheel 17 walkings; Transfer case 13 comprises top gear, neutral, low or first gear, and extension, gear-change operation adopt steel wire gum cover anchoring, and top gear, for walking fast, is convenient to converting field, and low or first gear is used for climbing and shoveling material.Propons 15, back axle 16 adopt engineering vehicle bridge, and tire can adopt real core engineering tire, also can be equipped with general air tyre.
Steering is by steering wheel 18, steering wheel 19(or valve), steering cylinder 20 and propons steering linkage 21 form.By steering wheel 19, control steering cylinder 20, the steering linkage 21 that promotes propons 15 is controlled Vehicular turn.
Brakes is hydraulic brake system, and the drum brake in-built by brake pedal, master cylinder, brake piping and wheel forms.By trampling foot rest, control master cylinder, brake fluid force feed drives the in-built checking cylinder of wheel to force shoe brake to compress brake drum and implements braking.
Sole 6 adopts frame type welded construction.Frame and junction plate adopt Q345 sheet material, to guarantee the strength and stiffness of sole 6.In framework, walking driving mechanism is arranged in space.Propons 15 hangs on the front portion of sole 6 by front axle support 22, back axle 16 adopts U bolt 23 and the rear portion of sole 6 to fix.Between propons 15, back axle 16 and transfer case 13, adopt universal drive shaft 14 to be connected.
The front end of sole 6 arranges shoveling 7 and lift thereof.During walking, shoveling 7 is lifted, and while approaching prune job face, shoveling 7 falls, and the building stones that will be scattered hold together to anterior push shovel collection.When complete machine unwheeling He Daopai mechanism works, shoveling 7 falls the front support as chassis and complete machine.Rising and falling of shoveling 7 adopts duplex shoveling oil cylinder 24 parallel drives.Shoveling oil cylinder 24 is arranged symmetrically with, and its piston rod head and cylinder barrel afterbody are hinged with shoveling 7 and sole 6 respectively.The piston rod of controlling shoveling oil cylinder 24 stretches out and retracts, and drives shoveling 7 to fall and lift.
The supporting leg 8 that the both sides, rear portion of sole 6 outwards arrange respectively, open backward.The top of supporting leg 8 and sole 6 are fixing, and support oil cylinder 25 cylinder barrel afterbodys and piston rod head are hinged with sole 6 and supporting leg 8 respectively, and supporting leg 8 rises and falls and driven by support oil cylinder 25, and the piston rod of support oil cylinder 25 stretches out and retracts, and drive supporting leg to fall and lift.During walking, supporting leg 8 is packed up and is raised, and is convenient to complete machine walking and drives; Unwheeling is smash while clearing reason, and supporting leg 8 puts down the rear support as chassis and complete machine.Front support shoveling 7 and rear support supporting leg 8 are propped complete machine to raise in the lump, and tire liftoff does not carry.The live load of complete machine deadweight Ji Daopai mechanism is all born by front support and rear support, form firm braced structures, when simultaneously the strong point supports compared with tire, move outward, support more firm and strengthen, can effectively prevent tunnel descaling machine tyre explosion with after frustrate and turn on one's side.
Drivers' cab 9 is fixedly installed in a side of revolving dial 2.Drivers' cab 9 can be with rotary support 27 synchronous revolvings of revolving dial 2, the working condition of being convenient to observe Dao Pai mechanism and quartering hammer 38.Drivers' cab 9 adopts steel frame construction, to operator, provides effective security protection, and height lifting regulates.Driver's chair 29 is installed at drivers' cab 9 rear portions, and front portion arranges console 30.On console 30, arrange instrument board, electrical control and hydraulic control master cock and handle.For ease of operation, the manipulation gauge tap of mechanical arm group 3 and revolving dial 2 and control crank are arranged on console 30, vehicle to run drive advance, retreat, the rising and falling and the startup of quartering hammer 38, stop, push up pressure controlled pedal and be installed on the floor of drivers' cab 9 of braking and shoveling, supporting leg 8.
Described revolving dial 5 is comprised of revolution support 26, rotary support 27, angling cylinder 28.Revolving dial 5 is arranged at the middle part of vehicle chassis 2, is fixedly installed on the landing slab of sole 6.Revolution support 26 inner rings are connected and fixed by the upper mounting plate of bolt and sole 6, and the bottom that 26 outer rings and rotary support 27 are supported in revolution is bolted fixing.Angling cylinder 28 two ends respectively with the base plate hinged of sole 6 and rotary support 27.Revolution support 26 and angling cylinder 28 form slew gears, adopt duplex hydraulic oil cylinder driving, and duplex angling cylinder 28 oppositely links, the 27 left and right revolutions of push-and-pull rotary support, thereby driving mechanical arm group 3 and the 1 left and right revolution of impact grinding device.
Described mechanical arm group 3 is comprised of three grades of suit telescopic arms 31, hoist cylinder 32, telescopic oil cylinder 33, rotary oil cylinder 34, swing arm 35, swing arm oil cylinders 36.The rear end of three grades of suit telescopic arms 31 is by the upper articulation of bearing pin and rotary support 27, and the flange of front end and rotary oil cylinder 34 is joined with bolts.The front end flange dish of rotary oil cylinder 34 and the rear portion of swing arm 35 are fixed, and the front end of swing arm 35 and impact grinding device 1 are hinged.
The flexible of three grades of suit telescopic arms 31 driven by built-in telescopic oil cylinder 33.Two telescopic oil cylinders 33 adopt end to end the anti-connected mode of dress, oil pipe serial connection to form telescopic oil cylinder group.Telescopic oil cylinder group is cut with scissors dress with the front end of one-level arm 37 and the rear end of three grades of arms by bearing pin respectively.Drive the piston rod of telescopic oil cylinder 33 flexible, drive three grades of suit telescopic arms 31 flexible step by step.Drive hoist cylinder 32 piston rods flexible, driving mechanical arm group 3 be take rear end as rotating shaft, and its front end and rotary oil cylinder 34, swing arm 35 and impact grinding device 1 are raised and reduce.Drive rotary oil cylinder 34 rotations, drive swing arm 35 and 1 rotation of impact grinding device.Drive swing arm oil cylinder 36 piston rods flexible, also drive impact grinding device 1 and quartering hammer 38 drill steels are raised and reduced.For quartering hammer 38 drill steel height, regulate, the adjusting of hoist cylinder 32 can be can be regarded as significantly height coarse adjustment, and the adjusting of swing arm oil cylinder 36 is for being by a small margin, mainly to carry out angular adjustment.
Described impact grinding device 1 consists of quartering hammer 38 and hammer seat 39 and top compressing cylinder 40.Quartering hammer 38 is flush-mounted in by being fixed on the scroll wheel 41 of hammer body both sides in the indent U-rail groove 42 of hammer seat 39 clamping plate (also can install scroll wheels 41 in hammer seat 39 clamping plate inner sides, the hammer body arranged outside rail groove 42 of quartering hammer 38, hammer seat 39 is flush-mounted in the outer side track groove 42 of quartering hammer 38 by its scroll wheel 41).The front end piston rod of top compressing cylinder 40 and rear end cylinder barrel are hinged with the end face of flange of quartering hammer 38 and hammer seat 39 respectively.Top compressing cylinder 40 forms quartering hammer jack units, and compressing cylinder 40 piston rod in top are stretched out, and quartering hammer 38 is formed to top and press, and promotes quartering hammer 38 reach of rolling in slideway track.For the custom-designed jack unit of impact grinding device, can keep quartering hammer 38 to impact during servo-actuated follow-up all the time hold out against striking point, guarantee that quartering hammer 38 is normal to play shake, solve the problem that general quartering hammer can not normally impact.
As shown in Figure 5, Figure 6, described electrical control system and hydraulic control system comprise instrument board, electrical control manipulation and hydraulic control control system.Switch and handle, the pedal of instrument board, electrical control manipulation and hydraulic control control system are installed in drivers' cab.For meeting operating habit and convenient observation and operation, switch and the handle of instrument board, electrical control manipulation and hydraulic control control system are installed on console, and pedal is installed on floor.
Instrument board mainly comprises diesel engine tachometer, water-thermometer, fuel gauge and oil pressure gauge.Displaying Meter can adopt measures sensing, pointer or digital display technology.Electrical control operation mainly contains master switch 52, start stop switch 58, light switch 60, early warning switch 62.Diesel engine speed regulation adopts speed adjusting lever.Hydraulic control all adopts guide's hydraulic controlled operation.Electrical control and hydraulic control are handled light, nimble.
Electrical control system is comprised of storage battery 51, master switch 52, generator 53, indicator lamp 54, adjuster 55, starter motor 56, relay 57, start stop switch 58, illuminating lamp 59, light switch 60, early-warning lamp 61, early warning switch 62 and tachometer 63, water-thermometer 64, fuel gauge 65, oil pressure gauge 66 and connection line thereof.Configuration storage battery 51, as complete machine power supply, for the electricity startup of diesel engine, and is illumination, early warning circuit power supply.Illuminating lamp 59 is for the row's of smashing operating illumination, and early-warning lamp 61 is for the row's of smashing work early warning.
Electrical control operating principle is as follows:
1. the master switch 52 that closes, power on circuitry, output 24V direct current, indicator lamp 54 is lighted, for control circuit power supply ready.
2. twist start stop switch 58, starter motor 56 drives diesel engine startings, drives oil pump 11 to start working.Unclamp start stop switch 58, starter motor 56 quits work.
3. press light switch 60, portable lamp circuit is connected energising, and front and back illuminating lamp 59 is lighted.
4. press early warning switch 62, early-warning lamp 61 is glittering warns.
Described hydraulic control system is by oil pump 11, running motor 12, steering wheel 19, steering cylinder 20, shoveling oil cylinder 24, support oil cylinder 25, angling cylinder 28, hoist cylinder 32, telescopic oil cylinder 33, rotary oil cylinder 34, swing arm oil cylinder 36, quartering hammer 38, top compressing cylinder 40, hydraulic lock 71, 5-linked multi-way control valve 72, pilot control treadle valve 73, overflow valve 74, radiator fan motor 75, guide's cleaner 76, fuel tank 77, air filter 78, integral type liquid level oil thermometer 79, oil return Cleaner 80, oil adsorption filter 81, radiator 82, pressure meter 83, pressure-gradient control valve 84, pilot control handle valve 85, six multi-way control valves 86, choke valve 87, fluid pressure line, the compositions such as joint.
Hydraulic system adopts pilot control, by manually and pedal pilot valve control break-make and the commutation of 5-linked multi-way control valve 72 and six multi-way control valves 86, thereby handle control travelled by vehicle, turn to, revolution about revolving dial, the oscilaltion of Dao Pai mechanism, elastic, rotate in a circumferential direction, swing up and down, push up pressure, the action such as impact.Hydraulic guide control system, handling facility, can alleviate manual control labour intensity.
Hydraulic oil pump 11 adopts combination triple gear pump, wherein two main pumps are major loop fuel feeding, drive respectively running motor 12, steering cylinder 20, shoveling oil cylinder 24, support oil cylinder 25, angling cylinder 28 and hoist cylinder 32, telescopic oil cylinder 33, rotary oil cylinder 34, swing arm oil cylinder 36, quartering hammer 38, top compressing cylinder 40, one auxiliary pump is mainly pilot control loop fuel feeding as pioneer pump, and cleaner 76 is installed in pilot control loop.
The loop of running motor 12 adopts interflow fuel feeding, running motor 12 adopts stopping brake working mechanism, when foot pedal valve returns to intermediateness, running motor 12 entrance hydraulic oils are cut off, equalizing valve is got back to meta under the effect of spring force, cut off brake off oil circuit, thereby make spool depress brake(-holder) block and friction disc brake running motor 12.
Hydraulic system is provided with safety overflow valve 74 at each minute oil circuit, implements overburden unloading; Multi-way control valve 72 is provided with pressure measurement interface, in order to measure working connection pressure.
The arrangement of hydraulic control master cock, handle, pedal is: vehicle to run drive advance, retreat, braking and shoveling 7, supporting leg 8 rise and fall and quartering hammer 38 starts, stops, push up pressure employing pedal control; The left and right revolution of revolving dial 5 and the lifting of mechanical arm group 3, manual control switch and lever handle flexible, that rotate, swing on employing console 30 are controlled.Three guiding manual control valves are controlled respectively angling cylinder 28, hoist cylinder 32, telescopic oil cylinder 33, rotary oil cylinder 34, swing arm oil cylinder 36 and top compressing cylinder 40.Two single loop pilot control treadle valves 73 are controlled respectively running motor 12(caterpillar chassis needs to adopt double loop foot valve, control left and right motor walking) and 38, one double loop pilot control treadle valves 73 of quartering hammer control respectively shoveling oil cylinder 24, support oil cylinder 25.20 of steering cylinders are controlled by steering wheel 18 steering machines 19.
For guaranteeing that shoveling 7 and supporting leg 8 firm supporting are stable, strick precaution shoveling oil cylinder 24, support oil cylinder 25 Inner let out fault and cause rollover accident, to shoveling oil cylinder 24, support oil cylinder 25, must be equipped with hydraulic lock 71.For ease of regulating and limit the speed of gyration of revolving dial 5, must equipped choke valve 87 to angling cylinder 28.For ease of line arrangement and good looking appearance, fluid pressure line adopts support and pipe clamp to mount in the outside of mechanical arm group 3.
Tunnel descaling machine work is divided into walking operating mode, shoveling operating mode and three kinds of operating modes of impact grinding.Its duty and manipulation are described as follows:
1. the operating mode of walking: under walking operating mode, shoveling 7 is lifted, and Dao Pai mechanism does not work.Revolving dial 5 returns back to center line, and mechanical arm group 3 is retracted, fallen, 38 times hooks of quartering hammer, and Dao Pai mechanism is rounding state.Now, machine shape is of a size of minimum, is convenient to walking in tunnel and drives.
2. shoveling operating mode: under shoveling operating mode, Dao Pai mechanism does not work, maintains walking operating mode rounding state.Shoveling 7 is put down, the complete machine driving of normally walking, and shoveling 7 stone that will be scattered holds together to anterior push shovel collection.
3. impact grinding operating mode: under impact grinding operating mode, tunnel descaling machine runs to prune job face to be stopped.Shoveling 7 is lifted and is supported on clitter the place ahead or clitter, three grades of suit telescopic arms 31 stretch out, lift, pendulum on swing arm 35, mechanical arm extends, raises, launches, and impact grinding device 1 raises up, and quartering hammer 38 is aimed at broken pine layer, jack unit compresses, quartering hammer 38 starts, and high-frequency percussion impacts, and the fragmentation of pine layer building stones is come off.Under impact grinding operating mode, can be according to circumstances, handle revolving dial 5 and mechanical arm group 3 and impact grinding device 1 carry out left and right revolution, elastic, rotate in a circumferential direction, swing up and down, regulate Dao Pai mechanism quartering hammer 38 to aim at broken pine layer.When mechanical arm group 3 is launched completely, complete machine regulates maximum magnitude: 7 meters of the row's of smashing ultimate ranges, and 7 meters of the row's of smashing maximum heights, 5 meters of Breadth Maximums, meet 2.2-5.5m 2tunnel, the cross section construction requirement of getting rid of the danger.

Claims (6)

1. a tunnel descaling machine, it is characterized in that: this descaling machine integrates impact grinding device (1), vehicle chassis (2), mechanical arm group (3), revolving dial (5) and electrical control system and hydraulic control system (4), electrical control system and hydraulic control system (4) driving vehicle chassis (2) driving walking and shoveling (7) thereof, supporting leg (8) lift, fall; Drive revolving dial (5) revolution; Driving device arm group (3) lifting, flexible, rotation and swing; Handle quartering hammer (38) high-frequency percussion and impact brokenly pine layer.
2. tunnel according to claim 1 descaling machine, is characterized in that: described vehicle chassis (1) is rubber-tyred chassis, can be also caterpillar chassis; Rubber-tyred vehicle chassis (1) adopts propons to hang, propons turns to, four-wheel drive, oil pressure wheel hub brake structure, sole (6), dynamical system, running gear, steering, brakes and shoveling (7), supporting leg (8), department control chamber (9), consists of;
Dynamical system adopts diesel engine (10) as power source, also can adopt external power supply equipped motor, diesel engine (10) is installed on the rear portion of vehicle chassis (2), oil pump (11) is fixed on diesel engine (10) connecting box, the output shaft of diesel engine (10) is connected with oil pump (11) by shaft coupling, drive oil pump (11) work, implement hydraulic-driven and transmission;
Running gear is comprised of running motor (12), transfer case (13), universal drive shaft (14), propons (15), back axle (16), wheel (17); Drive running motor (12), through transfer case (13), universal drive shaft (14), propons (15), back axle (16), drive wheel (17) walking;
Steering is comprised of steering wheel (18), steering wheel (19), steering cylinder (20) and propons steering linkage (21), and steering wheel (19) is controlled steering cylinder (20), and the steering linkage (21) that promotes propons (15) is controlled Vehicular turn;
Brakes is hydraulic brake system, the drum brake in-built by brake pedal, master cylinder, brake piping and wheel forms, trample braking footrest and control master cylinder, brake fluid force feed drives the in-built checking cylinder of wheel to make shoe brake compress brake drum braking;
Sole (6) adopts frame type welded construction, propons (15) hangs on sole (6) front portion by front axle support (22), back axle (16) is fixed by the rear portion of bolt (23) and sole (6), between propons (15), back axle (16) and transfer case (13), through universal drive shaft (14), is connected; Sole (6) front end arranges shoveling (7) and lift thereof, rising and falling of shoveling (7) adopts duplex shoveling oil cylinder (24) parallel drive, shoveling oil cylinder (24) is arranged symmetrically with, its piston rod head and cylinder barrel afterbody are hinged with shoveling (7) and sole (6) respectively, the piston rod of controlling shoveling oil cylinder (24) stretches out and retracts, and drives shoveling (7) to fall and lift; The both sides, rear portion of sole (6) arrange respectively supporting leg (8), and the top of supporting leg (8) and sole (6) are fixing; Support oil cylinder (25) cylinder barrel afterbody and piston rod head are hinged with sole (6) and supporting leg (8) respectively, drive the piston rod of support oil cylinder (25) stretch out and retract, and drive supporting leg (8) to fall and lift;
Drivers' cab (9) is fixedly installed in a side of revolving dial (5), drivers' cab (9) is with rotary support (27) synchronous revolving of revolving dial (5), drivers' cab (9) adopts steel frame construction, driver's chair (29) is installed at the rear portion of drivers' cab (9), front portion arranges console (30), upper instrument board, electrical control system and hydraulic control system master cock and the handle arranged of console (30), pedal is installed on drivers' cab (9) floor.
3. tunnel according to claim 1 descaling machine, is characterized in that: described revolving dial (5) is comprised of revolution support (26), rotary support (27), angling cylinder (28); Revolving dial (5) is arranged at the middle part of vehicle chassis (2), be fixedly installed on the landing slab of sole (6), revolution support (26) inner ring is connected and fixed by the upper mounting plate of bolt and sole (6), revolution support be bolted bottom (26) outer ring and rotary support (27) fixing, angling cylinder (28) two ends respectively with sole (6), rotary support (27) base plate hinged; Duplex angling cylinder (28) oppositely links, push-and-pull rotary support (27) revolution, driving mechanical arm group (3) and impact grinding device (1) revolution.
4. tunnel according to claim 1 descaling machine, is characterized in that: described mechanical arm group (3) is comprised of three grades of suit telescopic arms (31), hoist cylinder (32), telescopic oil cylinder (33), rotary oil cylinder (34), swing arm (35), swing arm oil cylinders (36); Three grades of suit telescopic arm (31) rear ends are by bearing pin and rotary support (27) upper articulation, front end and rotary oil cylinder (34) flange is joined with bolts, rotary oil cylinder (34) front end flange dish and swing arm (35) rear portion are fixed, and swing arm (35) front end and impact grinding device (4) are hinged;
The flexible of three grades of suit telescopic arms (31) driven by built-in telescopic oil cylinder (33), two telescopic oil cylinders (33) adopt end to end the anti-connected mode of dress, oil pipe serial connection to form telescopic oil cylinder group, telescopic oil cylinder group is cut with scissors dress with one-level arm (37) front end and three grades of arm rear ends by bearing pin respectively, drive telescopic oil cylinder (33) piston rod flexible, drive three grades of suit telescopic arms (31) flexible step by step; Drive hoist cylinder (32) piston rod flexible, driving mechanical arm group (3) be take rear end as rotating shaft, and its front end and rotary oil cylinder (34), swing arm (35) and impact grinding device (1) are raised and reduce; Drive rotary oil cylinder (34) rotation, drive swing arm (35) and impact grinding device (1) rotation; Drive swing arm oil cylinder (36) piston rod flexible, drive impact grinding device (1) and quartering hammer (38) drill steel raise and reduce.
5. tunnel according to claim 1 descaling machine, is characterized in that: described impact grinding device (1) is by quartering hammer (38) and hammer seat (39) and top compressing cylinder (40) formation; Quartering hammer (38) is flush-mounted in the rail groove (42) of hammer seat (39) clamping plate by being fixed on the scroll wheel (41) of hammer body both sides, top compressing cylinder (40) front end piston rod and rear end cylinder barrel are hinged with the end face of flange of quartering hammer (38), hammer seat (39) respectively, drive top compressing cylinder (40) piston rod to stretch out, quartering hammer (38) is formed to top and press, promote quartering hammer (38) reach of rolling in rail groove (42); Also can scroll wheel (41) be installed in hammer seat (39) clamping plate inner side, the hammer body arranged outside rail groove (42) of quartering hammer (38), hammer seat (39) is flush-mounted in the outer side track groove (42) of quartering hammer (38) by its scroll wheel (41).
6. tunnel according to claim 1 descaling machine, is characterized in that: described electrical control system and hydraulic control system (4) comprise instrument board, electrical control manipulation and hydraulic control control system; Switch and handle, pedal that instrument board, electrical control manipulation and hydraulic control are handled are installed in drivers' cab (9), and it is upper that instrument board, electrical control manipulation and hydraulic control master cock and handle are installed on console (30), and pedal is installed on floor;
Described electrical control system is comprised of storage battery (51), master switch (52), generator (53), indicator lamp (54), adjuster (55), starter motor (56), relay (57), start stop switch (58), illuminating lamp (59), light switch (60), early-warning lamp (61), early warning switch (62) and tachometer (63), water-thermometer (64), fuel gauge (65), oil pressure gauge (66) and connection line thereof;
Described hydraulic control system is by oil pump (11), running motor (12), steering wheel (19), steering cylinder (20), shoveling oil cylinder (24), support oil cylinder (25), angling cylinder (28), hoist cylinder (32), telescopic oil cylinder (33), rotary oil cylinder (34), swing arm oil cylinder (36), quartering hammer (38), top compressing cylinder (40), hydraulic lock (71), 5-linked multi-way control valve (72), pilot control treadle valve (73), overflow valve (74), radiator fan motor (75), cleaner (76), fuel tank (77), air filter (78), oil thermometer (79), oil return cleaner (80), oil adsorption filter (81), radiator (82), pressure meter (83), pressure-gradient control valve (84), pilot control handle valve (85), six multi-way control valves (86), choke valve (87), fluid pressure line, joint forms,
Hydraulic oil pump (11) adopts combination triple gear pump, wherein two main pumps are major loop fuel feeding, drive respectively running motor (12), steering cylinder (20), shoveling oil cylinder (24), support oil cylinder (25), angling cylinder (28) and hoist cylinder (32), telescopic oil cylinder (33), rotary oil cylinder (34), swing arm oil cylinder (36), quartering hammer (38), top compressing cylinder (40), one auxiliary pump is mainly pilot control loop fuel feeding as pioneer pump, and cleaner (76) is installed in pilot control loop;
Hydraulic control system is provided with overflow valve (74) at each minute oil circuit, and 5-linked multi-way control valve (72), six multi-way control valves (86) are provided with to measure the pressure measurement interface of working connection pressure;
Vehicle to run drive advance, retreat, the rising and falling and the startup of quartering hammer (38), stop, push up and press employing pedal control of braking and shoveling, supporting leg (8); The lifting of the revolution of revolving dial (5) and mechanical arm group (3), manual control switch and lever handle flexible, that rotate, swing on employing console (30) are controlled;
Shoveling oil cylinder (24), the equipped hydraulic lock (71) of support oil cylinder (25); Angling cylinder (28) is equipped with choke valve (87);
Fluid pressure line adopts support and pipe clamp to mount in mechanical arm group (3) outside.
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CN104647357A (en) * 2015-01-09 2015-05-27 广西大学 Four-degree-of-freedom stepper motor driving joint-type manipulator
CN105369757A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-03-02 无锡市恒达矿山机械有限公司 Cleaning device used for mine
CN106014416A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-10-12 福建闽工机械有限公司 Energy-saving efficient rock drill
CN107740787A (en) * 2017-10-18 2018-02-27 深圳市招科智控港口科技有限公司 Remote driving carries vehicle hydraulic system
CN109561008A (en) * 2018-12-19 2019-04-02 株洲时代电子技术有限公司 A kind of track engineering vehicle network control method
CN110359923A (en) * 2019-07-26 2019-10-22 盾构及掘进技术国家重点实验室 A kind of bottom open type TBM cleaning dregs system
CN111215394A (en) * 2018-11-27 2020-06-02 秦皇岛烟草机械有限责任公司 Novel laser type cleaning equipment
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CN113385870A (en) * 2021-08-16 2021-09-14 河南威猛振动设备股份有限公司 Self-walking full-scene welding vehicle
CN114131653A (en) * 2021-11-19 2022-03-04 洛阳中重自动化工程有限责任公司 Multifunctional telescopic arm robot for rotary kiln bulk treatment

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CN112431077A (en) * 2020-11-04 2021-03-02 神华神东煤炭集团有限责任公司 Rail carrying device
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CN113385870B (en) * 2021-08-16 2021-12-24 河南威猛振动设备股份有限公司 Self-walking full-scene welding vehicle
CN114131653A (en) * 2021-11-19 2022-03-04 洛阳中重自动化工程有限责任公司 Multifunctional telescopic arm robot for rotary kiln bulk treatment
CN114131653B (en) * 2021-11-19 2024-05-28 洛阳中重自动化工程有限责任公司 Multifunctional telescopic arm robot for rotary kiln bulk treatment

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