CN104175110B - A kind of Full-automatic screw locking machine - Google Patents

A kind of Full-automatic screw locking machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104175110B
CN104175110B CN201410398102.3A CN201410398102A CN104175110B CN 104175110 B CN104175110 B CN 104175110B CN 201410398102 A CN201410398102 A CN 201410398102A CN 104175110 B CN104175110 B CN 104175110B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
riser
cylinder
transfer
screw
charging
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CN201410398102.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104175110A (en
Inventor
吕绍林
汪炉生
代飞
唐为付
史豪尊
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苏州博众精工科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201410398102.3A priority Critical patent/CN104175110B/en
Publication of CN104175110A publication Critical patent/CN104175110A/en
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Publication of CN104175110B publication Critical patent/CN104175110B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23POTHER WORKING OF METAL; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/04Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for assembling or disassembling parts
    • B23P19/06Screw or nut setting or loosening machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23POTHER WORKING OF METAL; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of Full-automatic screw locking machine, comprise large base plate, screw feeding mechanism, screw locking machine structure and product production line mechanism, screw feeding mechanism and product production line mechanism are arranged on respectively on large base plate, and screw locking machine structure has two groups, lay respectively at the both sides of screw feeding mechanism. Screw enters in screw feeding mechanism by pipeline, then screw arrives in screw supply disk by discharging opening, screw locking machine structure is by the cooperation of X, Y, Z axis mechanism, screwdriver is transported in screw supply disk, lift cylinder drives jaw to move down, then jaw cylinder drives jaw gripping screw, and then screwdriver holds screw, arrives standard operation position by screw locking. Product lock end screw, product production line mechanism starts, and mounted product is displaced downwardly to discharging mechanism. The present invention can automatic charging, and screw locking machine structure automatic material taking coordinates streamline, can complete transport and the lock screw of product, and its labour intensity is low, and screw locking precision is high.

Description

A kind of Full-automatic screw locking machine

Technical field:

The present invention relates to a kind of Full-automatic screw locking machine.

Background technology:

During to electronic product lock screw, screw by and outside screw inlet add, logicalThe equipment such as piping add screw in screw feeding mechanism, and then screw arrives by discharging openingIn screw supply disk, screw locking machine structure is by the cooperation of X, Y, Z axis mechanism, and screwdriver is transportedTransport in supply disk, lift cylinder drives jaw to move down, and then jaw cylinder drives jaw grippingScrew, then screwdriver holds screw, then under the transport of X, Y, Z axis mechanism, arrivesStandard operation position, takes pictures after contraposition through CCD, by screw locking, and product lock end screw,Streamline mechanism starts, and mounted product is displaced downwardly to discharging mechanism, by the product processingTake off. Now just need a kind of Full-automatic screw locking machine.

Summary of the invention:

The object of this invention is to provide a kind of Full-automatic screw locking machine, by automatic charging, lock spiral shellSilk mechanism automatic material taking, coordinates traffic flow waterline, can complete transport and the lock screw of product,Whole process, the artificial part participating in only has blowing and feeding, and its labour intensity is low, screwed lockAttached precision is high.

Technology solution of the present invention is as follows:

A kind of Full-automatic screw locking machine, it comprises large base plate, screw feeding mechanism, screw locking machineStructure and product production line mechanism, described screw feeding mechanism is arranged on large base plate, described lock spiral shellSilk mechanism has two groups, lays respectively at the both sides of screw feeding mechanism; Described product production line mechanismBe arranged on large base plate.

Described screw feeding mechanism is provided with screw discharging opening and screw supply disk, and screw is by pipeScrew inlet on road adds, and enters in screw feeding mechanism by pipeline, then passes throughScrew discharging opening arrives in screw supply disk.

Described screw locking machine structure comprises lock screw base, X-axis mechanism, Y-axis mechanism, Z axis machineStructure, clip claw mechanism and lock screw device, described X-axis mechanism has two groups, and symmetry is arranged on lockIn screw base; One ZuYZhou mechanism is installed in X-axis mechanism described in every group; Described in every groupOne group of Z-axis mechanism is installed in Y-axis mechanism; One group of jaw is installed on every group of Z-axis mechanismMechanism and lock screw device; Described clip claw mechanism comprises lifting connecting plate, lift cylinder, jawCylinder connecting plate, jaw cylinder and jaw, described lifting connecting plate is arranged on the end of Z-axis mechanismEnd, described lift cylinder is arranged on lifting connecting plate; On described lift cylinder, be connected with jawCylinder connecting plate, is provided with jaw cylinder on jaw cylinder connecting plate, and described jaw is arranged on folderPawl cylinder lower end; Described lock screw device comprises screwdriver connecting plate and screwdriver, described screwBatch connecting plate is arranged on the back of Z-axis mechanism, and screwdriver is arranged on screwdriver connecting plate.

Described product production line mechanism comprises feeding mechanism, transfer mechanism a, erector station, movesMounted mechanism b and discharging mechanism, described feeding mechanism is identical with discharging mechanism structure, and it comprises peaceDress plate, is provided with support baseboard on described installing plate, and the both sides, front and back of described support baseboard respectivelyRiser is installed, for riser after riser before charging and charging, after described charging, on riser, is provided withCharging drive motors, the main shaft of charging drive motors is connecting charging driving shaft, charging driving shaftThrough riser before charging, before charging, after riser and charging, between riser, be also provided with a charging fromMoving axis, and be connected to one by charging travelling belt between charging driving shaft and charging driven shaftRise; Two groups of feed conveyor belt, two groups are installed between described charging driving shaft and charging driven shaftFeed conveyor belt lays respectively at before charging the inner side of riser after riser and charging, and riser before chargingWith on riser after charging, be separately installed with charging guide wheel and lead and make feed conveyor belt running; DescribedSupporting plate pillar is installed on support baseboard, on supporting plate pillar, loading supporting plate is installed, loading supporting plateBefore charging after riser and charging between riser; Riser after riser and charging before described chargingUpper left-hand is provided with a product block; Before described charging, on riser, pacify by inductor holderBe equipped with one and can respond to the inductor that product has or not.

Described transfer mechanism a is identical with transfer mechanism b structure, at the bottom of transfer mechanism a comprises transferSeat, the front and back upper lateral part of described transfer base is separately installed with a transfer riser, is front side transferRiser and rear side transfer riser, described transfer base below is provided with transfer drive motors, transferThe main shaft of drive motors is connecting transfer driving wheel, and described front side transfer riser and rear side transfer are perpendicularTransfer driven shaft is also installed on plate, and the end of transfer driven shaft is provided with transfer driven pulley, andBetween transfer driving wheel and transfer driven pulley, link together by transfer belt pulley for feeding foil; Described movingCarry on driven shaft two groups of transfer conveyer belts are installed, described front side transfer riser and rear side transfer are perpendicularOn plate, be separately installed with more than three groups transfer guide wheels, every group of transfer conveyer belt is end to end respectivelyBe wrapped on corresponding transfer driven shaft and transfer guide wheel; The right upper portion of described transfer baseBlocking mechanism is installed; Described front side transfer riser inner side is provided with lifting adsorbing mechanism.

Described blocking mechanism comprises and stop pillar, stop air cylinder base, stop cylinder mount pad,Stop cylinder and stopper, described in stop that pillar lower end is arranged on transfer base, upper end installHave the air cylinder base of stopping, described in stop that cylinder mount pad is L-type structure, it is arranged on and stops gasOn cylinder bottom seat, described in stop that cylinder is arranged on and stop that on cylinder mount pad, stopper is arranged on resistanceThe piston rod upper end of gear cylinder; Described lifting adsorbing mechanism comprises lift cylinder holder, liftingCylinder, lifter plate, sucker base plate and sucker, described lift cylinder holder is arranged on front sideswayCarry riser inner side, lift cylinder is arranged on lift cylinder holder; Described lift cylinder upperPortion is provided with lifter plate, and described sucker base plate and lifter plate are installed together, and on sucker base plate, pacifyMore than three groups suckers is housed.

Described erector station comprises base and conveyer, and pacify respectively the both sides, front and back of described baseOne riser is housed, and is front riser and rear riser, and described conveyer comprises drive motors, initiativelyWheel, driven shaft, driven pulley, belt pulley for feeding foil, conveyer belt and guide wheel; Install described base belowHave drive motors, the main shaft of drive motors is connecting driving wheel, on described front riser and rear riserDriven shaft is also installed, and the end of driven shaft is provided with driven pulley, and driving wheel and driven pulley itBetween link together by belt pulley for feeding foil; Two groups of conveyer belts are installed on described driven shaft, described inOn front riser and rear riser, be separately installed with more than three groups guide wheels, every group of conveyer belt head and the tail respectivelyJoin and be wrapped on corresponding driven shaft and guide wheel.

The right upper portion of described base is provided with blocking mechanism a, described blocking mechanism a with stopMechanism structure is identical; On described front riser and rear riser, be separately installed with side compression mechanism, described inSide compression mechanism comprises side compression cylinder mount pad, side compression cylinder and side compression piece, described sideCompression cylinder mount pad is arranged on the lateral surface of front riser or rear riser, and side compression cylinder is installedOn side compression cylinder mount pad, side compression piece is arranged on side compression cylinder.

Described front riser inner side is provided with lifting adsorbing mechanism a, and front riser outside is provided with left pressureTight mechanism and right hold-down mechanism, described lifting adsorbing mechanism a comprise lift cylinder holder a,Lift cylinder a, lifter plate a, sucker fixed head, product supporting plate and sucker a, described lifting airCylinder holder a is arranged on front riser inner side, and lift cylinder a is arranged on lift cylinder holder aOn; The top of described lift cylinder a is provided with lifter plate a, described sucker fixed head and liftingPlate a is installed together, and sucker fixed head top is provided with product supporting plate, on sucker fixed head, pacifiesMore than three groups sucker a is housed, and sucker a exposes on product supporting plate through product supporting plate.

Described right hold-down mechanism comprises right briquetting cylinder holder, right briquetting cylinder and right briquetting,Described right briquetting cylinder holder is arranged on front riser outside, and right briquetting cylinder is arranged on right briquettingOn cylinder holder, right briquetting is arranged on right briquetting cylinder.

Described left hold-down mechanism comprises longitudinal air cylinder fixed plate, longitudinally cylinder, push pedal, longitudinally connectsConnect piece, lateral cylinder, slide rail, slide block, horizontal contiguous block, left briquetting contiguous block and left briquetting,Described longitudinal air cylinder fixed plate is arranged on front riser outside; Described longitudinal cylinder is arranged on longitudinal gasOn cylinder fixed head; On the piston rod of described longitudinal cylinder, push pedal is installed, described longitudinal contiguous blockBe fixed together with push pedal; On described longitudinal contiguous block, lateral cylinder and slide rail are installed,And lateral cylinder and slide rail are parallel to each other, on slide rail, coordinate slide block, the work of lateral cylinder are installedOn stopper rod, be connected with horizontal contiguous block, and laterally contiguous block is arranged on slide block; Describedly laterally connectConnect on piece and be installed with left briquetting contiguous block, described left briquetting is arranged on left briquetting contiguous blockOn.

Inductor holder a is installed on described base, on inductor holder a, product is installedProduct inductor a, and product inductor is between lifting adsorbing mechanism and blocking mechanism.

On the loading supporting plate of described feeding mechanism, place first product, charging travelling belt passes throughThereby the drive of charging drive motors drives first product to move ahead on loading supporting plate, and inductionDevice can be responded to having or not of product; Then first Product transport is upper to transfer mechanism a, can pass throughBlocking mechanism and lifting adsorbing mechanism positioning product, so that product introduction erector station is entered simultaneouslyMaterial mechanism enters second product; Then when first product introduction is stood to erector, secondProduct introduction is upper to transfer mechanism a, when product inductor a senses after first product, passesSend device to stop operating, blocking mechanism and blocking mechanism a effect, respectively by transfer mechanism a andThe product at erector station stops that it moves ahead, the then suction of the lifting adsorbing mechanism a at erector station placeDish sucks product, and side compression mechanism is by side compression air cylinder driven, and two side compression cylinders altogetherSame-action, compresses product, and then left hold-down mechanism and right hold-down mechanism effect, by left briquettingBe transported to respectively product surface standard operation position with right briquetting, and press down, push down product surface;Then by the driving of X, Y, Z axis motor, make clip claw mechanism and lock screw device at three axlesSide moves upward, and screwdriver is transported in screw supply disk, and then lift cylinder drives jawMove down, jaw cylinder drives jaw gripping screw, and then screwdriver holds screw, then X,Under the transport of Y, Z-axis mechanism, arrive standard operation position, take pictures after contraposition through CCD,By screw locking, after lock end screw, blocking mechanism a, lifting adsorbing mechanism a, side compression machineStructure, left hold-down mechanism and right hold-down mechanism reset respectively, and product is no longer secured in a press, thenConveyer drives, and makes product be transported to transfer mechanism b upper, second product introduction erectorStand, and on feeding mechanism, put into again the 3rd product, and first product finally passes through discharging machineStructure takes off the product processing, and by that analogy, product is carried out one by one by streamline mechanismLock screw.

As preferably, described jaw cylinder connecting plate is L-type structure, and L-type structure one side is installedHave lift cylinder, the opposite side of L-type structure is provided with jaw cylinder.

As preferably, described jaw has two, and each jaw is provided with a step trough, ladderGroove medial surface is semicircular structure, and when two jaw clamping screws, screw is just in time stuck in step troughPlace.

As preferably, the upper surface of described loading supporting plate is concordant with the upper surface of feed conveyor belt,Product is placed on loading supporting plate, thereby and charging travelling belt drive by charging drive motorsDrive product to move ahead on loading supporting plate.

As preferably, described supporting plate pillar and stop that pillar has respectively four.

As preferably, on described front riser and rear riser, be respectively equipped with a slotted eye, described side compressionPiece can be from slotted eye through compressing product side.

As preferably, described front riser, rear riser, front side transfer riser, rear side transfer riser,Before charging, after riser and charging, riser top is separately installed with belt protection plate.

As preferably, described left briquetting is arranged on left briquetting contiguous block by two Spring screwsesOn.

As preferably, described horizontal contiguous block is the structure with three flanges, comprise flange a,Flange b and flange c, the piston rod of described flange a place and lateral cylinder links together, protrudingEdge b bottom is arranged on slide block, and flange c and pressure head contiguous block link together.

Beneficial effect of the present invention is:

Screw locking machine structure of the present invention is by the cooperation of X, Y, Z axis mechanism, and screwdriver transportsTo supply disk, lift cylinder drives jaw to move down, and then jaw cylinder drives jaw gripping spiral shellSilk, then screwdriver holds screw, then under the transport of X, Y, Z axis mechanism, to up to standardAccurate job position, takes pictures after contraposition through CCD, by screw locking. The present invention can completeAutomatic locking screw, the artificial part participating in of whole process only has blowing and feeding, has reduced workmanLabour intensity, improved production efficiency, improved lock screw quality.

The charging drive motors of feeding mechanism of the present invention drives, and makes the rotation of charging driving shaft, logicalCross charging travelling belt and drive the rotation of charging driven shaft, thereby make to be connected to charging driving shaft and enterTwo groups of feed conveyor belt between material driven shaft also turn round, when product is placed on loading supporting plate,Drive charging travelling belt to rotate by charging drive motors, finally drive product at loading supporting plateOn move ahead, be convenient to product be supported and product is transported to forward to next work station.

The operation principle of discharging mechanism of the present invention is identical with feeding mechanism, can support product,Can make product stablize input and output material.

Transfer mechanism a of the present invention and transfer mechanism b can coordinate streamline mechanism to use, and are convenient toMobile and transmission product, and can positioning product, Product transport, to standard operation position, is preventedThere is dislocation, depart from the phenomenons such as streamline in product, it is simple to operate, easy to use, can be completeBecome the transport of product.

The drive motors at erector of the present invention station drives and drives driving wheel rotation, at belt pulley for feeding foilEffect under drive driven pulley rotation, thereby make conveyer belt on driven shaft under the guiding of guide wheelTransmit, finally drive two groups of product reaches on conveyer belt, when product arrives normal place place,Product inductor senses that, after product, drive motors stops, and conveyer belt stops operating, at productAfter stopping, blocking mechanism a stops product, and lifting adsorbing mechanism a sucks product, side pressureTight mechanism compresses product, and left hold-down mechanism and right hold-down mechanism press down, and push down product surface,Can locate product completely product is locked to screw. Accurate positioning of the present invention, easy to operate,Prevent that product from usurping the throne, being shifted, and can transport product to next work station.

Traffic flow waterline mechanism efficiency of the present invention is high, and artificial participation less, only needs blowing and feeding,Labour intensity is low, and lock screw precision is high, has improved product quality

Brief description of the drawings:

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described further:

Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the front view of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is the top view of Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of screw locking machine structure of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of clip claw mechanism of the present invention and lock screw device;

Fig. 6 is another structural representation of clip claw mechanism of the present invention and lock screw device;

Fig. 7 is the structural representation of product production line of the present invention mechanism;

Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the feeding mechanism in Fig. 7;

Fig. 9 is the right view of Fig. 8;

Figure 10 is the structural representation of the transfer mechanism a in Fig. 7, does not wherein comprise front sideswayCarry riser;

Figure 11 is the structural representation at the erector station in Fig. 7;

Figure 12 removes the structural representation after front riser in Figure 11;

Figure 13 is the front view of Figure 12;

Figure 14 is the structural representation of left hold-down mechanism of the present invention;

Figure 15 is another structural representation of left hold-down mechanism of the present invention.

Detailed description of the invention:

Embodiment, is shown in accompanying drawing 1~15, a kind of Full-automatic screw locking machine, it comprise large base plate 1,Screw feeding mechanism I, screw locking machine structure II and product production line mechanism III, described screw feedMechanism is arranged on large base plate, and described screw locking machine structure has two groups, lays respectively at screw feeding machineThe both sides of structure; Described product production line mechanism is arranged on large base plate.

Described screw feeding mechanism is provided with screw discharging opening 2 and screw supply disk 3, and screw is logicalThen screw inlet on piping adds, and enters in screw feeding mechanism, by pipelineArrive in screw supply disk by screw discharging opening, screw supply disk is provided with different-diameterHole, is convenient to place dissimilar screw, can adapt to the locking of screw of plurality of specifications.

Described screw locking machine structure comprises lock screw base 4, X-axis mechanism 5, Y-axis mechanism 6, ZAxis mechanism 7, clip claw mechanism IV and lock screw device V, described X-axis mechanism has two groups, symmetryBe arranged in lock screw base; One ZuYZhou mechanism is installed in X-axis mechanism described in every group;One group of Z-axis mechanism is installed in Y-axis mechanism described in every group; On every group of Z-axis mechanism, be provided withOne group of clip claw mechanism and lock screw device; Described X-axis mechanism comprises X-axis motor, X-axis masterDriving wheel, X-axis driven pulley, X-axis belt, X-axis shaft coupling, the linear module of X-axis, X-axis are slidedRail, X-axis slide block, X-axis mounting bar, X-axis photoelectric sensor, X-axis sensing chip and XY axleJoint angle, the linear module of described X-axis, X-axis slide rail and X-axis mounting bar are arranged on respectively lockIn screw base, and the linear module of X-axis and X-axis mounting bar be parallel to each other, on X-axis slide railX-axis slide block is installed; On described X-axis mounting bar, X-axis photoelectric sensor is installed; DescribedX-axis motor is positioned at lock screw base below, and the main shaft of X-axis motor is connecting X-axis driving wheel,X-axis driven pulley is arranged on X-axis driven shaft, logical between X-axis driving wheel and X-axis driven pulleyCross X-axis belt and link together, X-axis driven shaft is by X-axis shaft coupling and the linear mould of X-axisGroup links together; The linear module of described X-axis with on X-axis slide block, be connected XY axle and connectingAngle, and X-axis sensing chip is arranged on the side of XY axle joint angle.

Described Y-axis mechanism comprises y-axis motor, Y-axis shaft coupling, the linear module of Y-axis, YAxle mounting bar, Y-axis photoelectric sensor, Y-axis sensing chip and YZ module connecting plate, described YAxis linear module and Y-axis mounting bar are arranged on respectively in XY axle joint angle, and Y-axis linearityModule and Y-axis mounting bar are parallel to each other; On described Y-axis mounting bar, Y-axis photoelectric transfer is installedSensor; Described y-axis motor links together by Y-axis shaft coupling and the linear module of Y-axis;On the linear module of described Y-axis, connecting YZ module connecting plate, and Y-axis sensing chip is arranged onThe side of YZ module connecting plate.

Described Z-axis mechanism comprises Z axis motor, Z axis driving wheel, Z axis driven pulley, Z axis skinBand, Z axis shaft coupling, z axis module, Z axis module connecting plate, Z axis installing plate, ZAxle mounting bar, Z axis photoelectric sensor and Z axis sensing chip, the main shaft of Z axis motor is connecting ZAxle driving wheel, Z axis driven pulley is arranged on Z axis driven shaft, and Z axis driving wheel and Z axis are drivenBetween wheel, link together by Z axis belt, Z axis driven shaft is by Z axis shaft coupling and ZAxis linear module links together; On z axis module, connecting Z axis module connecting plate, andZ axis module connecting plate and YZ module connecting plate link together, the back side of z axis moduleZ axis installing plate is installed; Described Z axis mounting bar is arranged on Z axis by a bending plate and installsThe side of plate, described Z axis photoelectric sensor is arranged on Z axis mounting bar, described Z axis senseAnswer sheet to be arranged on the side of Z axis module connecting plate.

Described X-axis motor drives and makes the rotation of X-axis driving wheel, under the drive of X-axis belt, makesX-axis driven pulley rotation, thus make XY axle joint angle on the linear module of X-axis along X-axisSlide rail side moves up, and mobile distance is determined by X-axis photoelectric sensor. Described Y-axis electricityMachine drives the YZ module connecting plate driving on the linear module of Y-axis to move in Y direction,Mobile distance is determined by Y-axis photoelectric sensor. Described Z axis motor drives and makes Z axis initiativelyWheel rotation makes the rotation of Z axis driven pulley under the drive of Z axis belt, because Z axis module connectsFishplate bar and YZ module connecting plate link together, thereby make z axis module along Z axis sideMove up, mobile distance is determined by Z axis photoelectric sensor, z axis module like thisCan drive clip claw mechanism and lock screw device to move in Z-direction.

Described clip claw mechanism comprises lifting connecting plate 8, lift cylinder 9, jaw cylinder connecting plate10, jaw cylinder 11 and jaw 12, described lifting connecting plate is arranged on the end of Z-axis mechanism,Described lift cylinder is arranged on lifting connecting plate; On described lift cylinder, be connected with jaw cylinderConnecting plate, is provided with jaw cylinder on jaw cylinder connecting plate, and described jaw is arranged on jaw gasCylinder lower end; Described lock screw device comprises screwdriver connecting plate 13 and screwdriver 14, described spiral shellSilk batch connecting plate is arranged on the back of Z-axis mechanism, and screwdriver is arranged on screwdriver connecting plate,Described jaw cylinder connecting plate is L-type structure, and L-type structure one side is provided with lift cylinder, LThe opposite side of type structure is provided with jaw cylinder. Described jaw has two, on each jaw, establishesHave a step trough, step trough medial surface is semicircular structure, when two jaw clamping screws, and spiral shellSilk is just in time stuck in step trough place.

Described product production line mechanism comprises feeding mechanism VI, transfer mechanism a VII, erector stationVIII, transfer mechanism b IX and discharging mechanism X, described feeding mechanism is identical with discharging mechanism structure,It comprises installing plate 15, and support baseboard 16 is installed on described installing plate, described support baseboardBoth sides, front and back be separately installed with riser, be riser 18 after riser before charging 17 and charging, instituteState after charging, on riser, charging drive motors 19 is installed, the main shaft of charging drive motors connectsCharging driving shaft 20, charging driving shaft is through riser before charging, riser and entering before chargingAfter material, a charging driven shaft 21 is also installed between riser, and charging driving shaft and charging drivenBetween axle, link together by charging travelling belt 22; Described charging driving shaft and charging from23, two groups of feed conveyor belt of two groups of feed conveyor belt are installed between moving axis and lay respectively at chargingThe inner side of riser after front riser and charging, and on riser, install respectively after the front riser of charging and chargingThere is charging guide wheel 24 to lead and make feed conveyor belt running; On described support baseboard, be provided with fourIndividual supporting plate pillar 25, is provided with loading supporting plate 26 on supporting plate pillar, can reliablely and stablely supportLoading supporting plate, loading supporting plate before charging after riser and charging between riser, described material loadingThe upper surface of supporting plate is concordant with the upper surface of feed conveyor belt, and product is placed on loading supporting plate,Thereby and charging travelling belt drives product on loading supporting plate by charging drive motorsMove ahead; Before described charging, after riser and charging, the upper left-hand of riser is provided with a product block27; On riser, be provided with one by inductor holder before described charging and can respond to that product has or notInductor 28.

Described transfer mechanism a is identical with transfer mechanism b structure, at the bottom of transfer mechanism a comprises transferSeat 29, the front and back upper lateral part of described transfer base is separately installed with a transfer riser, is front sideTransfer riser 30 and rear side transfer riser 31, described transfer base below is provided with transfer and drivesMotor 32, the main shaft of transfer drive motors is connecting transfer driving wheel 33, the transfer of described front sideOn riser and rear side transfer riser, transfer driven shaft is also installed, install the end of transfer driven shaftHave transfer driven pulley 34, and between transfer driving wheel and transfer driven pulley by transfer conveyer beltWheel 35 links together; Two groups of transfer conveyer belts 36, institute are installed on described transfer driven shaftState on front side transfer riser and rear side transfer riser and be separately installed with more than three groups transfer guide wheels37, every group of transfer conveyer belt is end to end is respectively wrapped in corresponding transfer driven shaft and transferOn guide wheel; The right upper portion of described transfer base is provided with blocking mechanism; The transfer of described front side is perpendicularPlate inner side is provided with lifting adsorbing mechanism.

Described blocking mechanism comprises and stops pillar 38, stops air cylinder base 39, stops cylinder peaceDress seat 40, stop cylinder 41 and stopper 42, described in stop that pillar has four, install lower endOn transfer base, upper end is provided with and stops air cylinder base, described in stop that cylinder mount pad is LType structure, it is arranged on and stops on air cylinder base, described in stop that cylinder is arranged on and stop cylinder peaceDress seat is upper, and stopper is arranged on the piston rod upper end that stops cylinder, stops that air cylinder driven can driveStopper moves up and down, thereby makes stopper can stop product.

Described lifting adsorbing mechanism comprises lift cylinder holder 43, lift cylinder 44, liftingPlate 45, sucker base plate 46 and sucker 47, described lift cylinder holder is arranged on front side transferRiser inner side, lift cylinder is arranged on lift cylinder holder; The top of described lift cylinderLifter plate is installed, and described sucker base plate and lifter plate are installed together, and on sucker base plate, installThere is more than three groups suckers.

Described erector station comprises base 48 and conveyer, and the both sides, front and back of described base are dividedOne riser is not installed, and is front riser 49 and rear riser 50, and described conveyer comprises drivingMotor 51, driving wheel 52, driven shaft 53, driven pulley 54, belt pulley for feeding foil 55, conveyer belt56 and guide wheel 57; Described base below is provided with drive motors, and the main shaft of drive motors connectsDriving wheel, on described front riser and rear riser, driven shaft is also installed, the end peace of driven shaftDriven pulley is housed, and links together by belt pulley for feeding foil between driving wheel and driven pulley; DescribedTwo groups of conveyer belts are installed on driven shaft, on described front riser and rear riser, are separately installed with three groupsAbove guide wheel, every group of conveyer belt end to end corresponding driven shaft and guide wheel of being wrapped in respectivelyOn.

The right upper portion of described base is provided with blocking mechanism a, described blocking mechanism a with stopMechanism structure is identical; On described front riser and rear riser, be separately installed with side compression mechanism, described inSide compression mechanism comprises side compression cylinder mount pad 58, side compression cylinder 59 and side compression piece 60,Described side compression cylinder mount pad is arranged on the lateral surface of front riser or rear riser, side compression gasCylinder is arranged on side compression cylinder mount pad, and side compression piece is arranged on side compression cylinder. DescribedOn front riser and rear riser, be respectively equipped with a slotted eye, described side compression piece can be from slotted eye through pressingTight product side.

Described front riser inner side is provided with lifting adsorbing mechanism a, and front riser outside is provided with left pressureTight mechanism and right hold-down mechanism, described lifting adsorbing mechanism a comprise lift cylinder holder a61,Lift cylinder a62, lifter plate a63, sucker fixed head 64, product supporting plate 65 and sucker a66,Described lift cylinder holder a is arranged on front riser inner side, and lift cylinder a is arranged on lifting airOn cylinder holder a; The top of described lift cylinder a is provided with lifter plate a, and described sucker is solidDetermine plate and lifter plate a is installed together, sucker fixed head top is provided with product supporting plate, suckerMore than three groups sucker a is installed on fixed head, and sucker a exposes and is producing through product supporting plateOn product supporting plate.

Described right hold-down mechanism comprises right briquetting cylinder holder 67, right briquetting cylinder 68 and the right sideBriquetting 69, described right briquetting cylinder holder is arranged on front riser outside, right briquetting cylinder peaceBe contained on right briquetting cylinder holder, right briquetting is arranged on right briquetting cylinder.

Described left hold-down mechanism comprise longitudinal air cylinder fixed plate 70, longitudinally cylinder 71, push pedal 72,Longitudinally contiguous block 73, lateral cylinder 74, slide rail 75, slide block 76, laterally contiguous block 77,Left briquetting contiguous block 78 and left briquetting 79, described longitudinal air cylinder fixed plate is arranged on outside front riserSide; Described longitudinal cylinder is arranged in longitudinal air cylinder fixed plate; The piston rod of described longitudinal cylinderOn push pedal is installed, described longitudinal contiguous block and push pedal are fixed together; Describedly longitudinally connectConnect lateral cylinder and slide rail are installed on piece, and lateral cylinder and slide rail be parallel to each other, on slide railCoordinate slide block is installed, on the piston rod of lateral cylinder, be connected with horizontal contiguous block, and laterally connectConnecing piece is arranged on slide block; On described horizontal contiguous block, be installed with left briquetting contiguous block, instituteStating left briquetting is arranged on left briquetting contiguous block by two Spring screwses 80; Describedly laterally connectConnecing piece is the structure with three flanges, comprises flange a7701, flange b7702 and flangeC7703, the piston rod of described flange a place and lateral cylinder links together, flange b bottomBe arranged on slide block, flange c and pressure head contiguous block link together.

Inductor holder a81 is installed on described base, on inductor holder a, is provided withProduct inductor a82, and product inductor is between lifting adsorbing mechanism and blocking mechanism.

Perpendicular before described front riser, rear riser, front side transfer riser, rear side transfer riser, chargingAfter plate and charging, riser top is separately installed with belt protection plate, prevents that foreign material are involved in beltPortion, affects the running of mechanism.

Operation principle of the present invention: place first product, charging on the loading supporting plate of feeding mechanismThereby travelling belt drives first product at loading supporting plate by the drive of charging drive motorsOn move ahead, and inductor can be responded to having or not of product; Then first Product transport is to transfer machineStructure a is upper, can be by blocking mechanism and lifting adsorbing mechanism positioning product, so that product introduction peaceDress work station, feeding mechanism enters second product simultaneously; Then first product introduction is to installing, second product introduction is upper to transfer mechanism a when at work the station, when product inductor a senses theAfter a product, conveyer stops operating, blocking mechanism and blocking mechanism a effect, respectivelyThe product at transfer mechanism a and erector station is stopped to it moves ahead, the then lifting at erector station placeThe sucker of adsorbing mechanism a sucks product, and side compression mechanism is by side compression air cylinder driven, twoThe acting in conjunction of individual side compression cylinder, compresses product then left hold-down mechanism and right hold-down mechanismEffect, is transported to respectively product surface standard operation position by left briquetting and right briquetting, and presses down,Push down product surface; Then by the driving of X, Y, Z axis motor, make clip claw mechanism and lockScrew device moves on three direction of principal axis, and screwdriver is transported in screw supply disk, then risesSending down abnormally ascending cylinder drives jaw to move down, and jaw cylinder drives jaw gripping screw, and then screwdriver holdsScrew, then under the transport of X, Y, Z axis mechanism, arrive standard operation position, through CCDTake pictures after contraposition, by screw locking, after lock end screw, blocking mechanism a, lifting adsorbing mechanismA, side compression mechanism, left hold-down mechanism and right hold-down mechanism reset respectively, and product is no longer pressedFasten, then conveyer drives, and makes product be transported to transfer mechanism b upper, second productProduct enter erector station, and on feeding mechanism, put into the 3rd product again, and first productBy discharging mechanism, the product processing is taken off afterwards, by that analogy, make product pass through streamlineMechanism locks screw one by one.

Above-described embodiment is the specific descriptions that the present invention is carried out, and just the present invention is entered to oneStep explanation, can not be interpreted as limiting the scope of the present invention, those skilled in the art's rootMake some nonessential improvement and adjust according to the content of foregoing invention and all fall into guarantor of the present inventionWithin protecting scope.

Claims (9)

1. a Full-automatic screw locking machine, it is characterized in that: it comprises large base plate, screw feeding mechanism, screw locking machine structure and product production line mechanism, described screw feeding mechanism is arranged on large base plate, and described screw locking machine structure has two groups, lays respectively at the both sides of screw feeding mechanism; Described product production line mechanism is arranged on large base plate;
Described screw feeding mechanism is provided with screw discharging opening and screw supply disk, and screw adds by the screw inlet on pipeline, and enters in screw feeding mechanism by pipeline, then arrives in screw supply disk by screw discharging opening;
Described screw locking machine structure comprises lock screw base, X-axis mechanism, Y-axis mechanism, Z-axis mechanism, clip claw mechanism and lock screw device, and described X-axis mechanism has two groups, and symmetry is arranged in lock screw base; One ZuYZhou mechanism is installed in X-axis mechanism described in every group; One group of Z-axis mechanism is installed in Y-axis mechanism described in every group; One group of clip claw mechanism and lock screw device are installed on every group of Z-axis mechanism; Described clip claw mechanism comprises lifting connecting plate, lift cylinder, jaw cylinder connecting plate, jaw cylinder and jaw, and described lifting connecting plate is arranged on the end of Z-axis mechanism, and described lift cylinder is arranged on lifting connecting plate; On described lift cylinder, be connected with jaw cylinder connecting plate, on jaw cylinder connecting plate, jaw cylinder be installed, described jaw is arranged on jaw cylinder lower end; Described lock screw device comprises screwdriver connecting plate and screwdriver, and described screwdriver connecting plate is arranged on the back of Z-axis mechanism, and screwdriver is arranged on screwdriver connecting plate;
Described product production line mechanism comprises feeding mechanism, transfer mechanism a, erector station, transfer mechanism b and discharging mechanism, described feeding mechanism is identical with discharging mechanism structure, it comprises installing plate, on described installing plate, support baseboard is installed, the both sides, front and back of described support baseboard are separately installed with riser, for riser after riser before charging and charging, charging drive motors is installed on riser after described charging, the main shaft of charging drive motors is connecting charging driving shaft, charging driving shaft is through riser before charging, one charging driven shaft is also installed between riser after riser and charging before charging, and link together by charging travelling belt between charging driving shaft and charging driven shaft, two groups of feed conveyor belt are installed between described charging driving shaft and charging driven shaft, two groups of feed conveyor belt lay respectively at before charging the inner side of riser after riser and charging, and before charging, after riser and charging, on riser, are separately installed with charging guide wheel and lead and make feed conveyor belt running, supporting plate pillar is installed on described support baseboard, on supporting plate pillar, loading supporting plate is installed, loading supporting plate is before charging after riser and charging between riser, before described charging, after riser and charging, the upper left-hand of riser is provided with a product block, before described charging, on riser, be provided with one by inductor holder and can respond to the inductor that product has or not,
Described transfer mechanism a is identical with transfer mechanism b structure, transfer mechanism a comprises transfer base, the front and back upper lateral part of described transfer base is separately installed with a transfer riser, for front side transfer riser and rear side transfer riser, described transfer base below is provided with transfer drive motors, the main shaft of transfer drive motors is connecting transfer driving wheel, on described front side transfer riser and rear side transfer riser, transfer driven shaft is also installed, the end of transfer driven shaft is provided with transfer driven pulley, and links together by transfer belt pulley for feeding foil between transfer driving wheel and transfer driven pulley; Two groups of transfer conveyer belts are installed on described transfer driven shaft, on described front side transfer riser and rear side transfer riser, be separately installed with more than three groups transfer guide wheels, every group of transfer conveyer belt end to end being wrapped on corresponding transfer driven shaft and transfer guide wheel respectively; The right upper portion of described transfer base is provided with blocking mechanism; Described front side transfer riser inner side is provided with lifting adsorbing mechanism;
Described blocking mechanism comprises and stops pillar, stops air cylinder base, stops cylinder mount pad, stops cylinder and stopper, describedly stop that pillar lower end is arranged on transfer base, upper end is provided with and stops air cylinder base, describedly stop that cylinder mount pad is L-type structure, it is arranged on and stops on air cylinder base, describedly stop that cylinder is arranged on and stop on cylinder mount pad, stopper is arranged on the piston rod upper end that stops cylinder; Described lifting adsorbing mechanism comprises lift cylinder holder, lift cylinder, lifter plate, sucker base plate and sucker, and described lift cylinder holder is arranged on front side transfer riser inner side, and lift cylinder is arranged on lift cylinder holder; The top of described lift cylinder is provided with lifter plate, and described sucker base plate and lifter plate are installed together, and more than three groups suckers is installed on sucker base plate;
Described erector station comprises base and conveyer, and the both sides, front and back of described base are separately installed with a riser, is front riser and rear riser, and described conveyer comprises drive motors, driving wheel, driven shaft, driven pulley, belt pulley for feeding foil, conveyer belt and guide wheel; Described base below is provided with drive motors, and the main shaft of drive motors is connecting driving wheel, on described front riser and rear riser, driven shaft is also installed, and the end of driven shaft is provided with driven pulley, and links together by belt pulley for feeding foil between driving wheel and driven pulley; Two groups of conveyer belts are installed on described driven shaft, on described front riser and rear riser, are separately installed with more than three groups guide wheels, every group of conveyer belt end to end being wrapped on corresponding driven shaft and guide wheel respectively;
The right upper portion of described base is provided with blocking mechanism a, and described blocking mechanism a is identical with blocking mechanism structure; On described front riser and rear riser, be separately installed with side compression mechanism, described side compression mechanism comprises side compression cylinder mount pad, side compression cylinder and side compression piece, described side compression cylinder mount pad is arranged on the lateral surface of front riser or rear riser, side compression cylinder is arranged on side compression cylinder mount pad, and side compression piece is arranged on side compression cylinder;
Described front riser inner side is provided with lifting adsorbing mechanism a, front riser outside is provided with left hold-down mechanism and right hold-down mechanism, described lifting adsorbing mechanism a comprises lift cylinder holder a, lift cylinder a, lifter plate a, sucker fixed head, product supporting plate and sucker a, described lift cylinder holder a is arranged on front riser inner side, and lift cylinder a is arranged on lift cylinder holder a; The top of described lift cylinder a is provided with lifter plate a, described sucker fixed head and lifter plate a are installed together, sucker fixed head top is provided with product supporting plate, and more than three groups sucker a is installed on sucker fixed head, and sucker a exposes on product supporting plate through product supporting plate;
Described right hold-down mechanism comprises right briquetting cylinder holder, right briquetting cylinder and right briquetting, and described right briquetting cylinder holder is arranged on front riser outside, and right briquetting cylinder is arranged on right briquetting cylinder holder, and right briquetting is arranged on right briquetting cylinder;
Described left hold-down mechanism comprises longitudinal air cylinder fixed plate, longitudinal cylinder, push pedal, longitudinal contiguous block, lateral cylinder, slide rail, slide block, horizontal contiguous block, left briquetting contiguous block and left briquetting, and described longitudinal air cylinder fixed plate is arranged on front riser outside; Described longitudinal cylinder is arranged in longitudinal air cylinder fixed plate; On the piston rod of described longitudinal cylinder, push pedal is installed, described longitudinal contiguous block and push pedal are fixed together; On described longitudinal contiguous block, lateral cylinder and slide rail are installed, and lateral cylinder and slide rail be parallel to each other, on slide rail, coordinate slide block is installed, on the piston rod of lateral cylinder, be connected with horizontal contiguous block, and laterally contiguous block is arranged on slide block; On described horizontal contiguous block, be installed with left briquetting contiguous block, described left briquetting is arranged on left briquetting contiguous block;
Inductor holder a is installed on described base, product inductor a is installed on inductor holder a, and product inductor is between lifting adsorbing mechanism and blocking mechanism;
On the loading supporting plate of described feeding mechanism, place first product, thereby charging travelling belt drives first product to move ahead by the drive of charging drive motors on loading supporting plate, and inductor can be responded to having or not of product, then first Product transport is upper to transfer mechanism a, can be by blocking mechanism and lifting adsorbing mechanism positioning product, so that product introduction erector station, feeding mechanism enters second product simultaneously, then when first product introduction is stood to erector, second product introduction is to transfer mechanism a, when product inductor a senses after first product, conveyer stops operating, blocking mechanism and blocking mechanism a effect, respectively the product at transfer mechanism a and erector station is stopped to it moves ahead, then the sucker of the lifting adsorbing mechanism a at erector station place sucks product, side compression mechanism is by side compression air cylinder driven, the acting in conjunction of two side compression cylinders, product is compressed, then left hold-down mechanism and right hold-down mechanism effect, left briquetting and right briquetting are transported to respectively to product surface standard operation position, and press down, push down product surface, then pass through X, Y, the driving of Z axis motor, clip claw mechanism and lock screw device are moved on three direction of principal axis, screwdriver is transported in screw supply disk, then lift cylinder drives jaw to move down, jaw cylinder drives jaw gripping screw, then screwdriver holds screw, again at X, Y, under the transport of Z-axis mechanism, arrive standard operation position, take pictures after contraposition through CCD, by screw locking, after lock end screw, blocking mechanism a, lifting adsorbing mechanism a, side compression mechanism, left hold-down mechanism and right hold-down mechanism reset respectively, product is no longer secured in a press, then conveyer drives, product is transported on transfer mechanism b, second product introduction erector station, and on feeding mechanism, put into again the 3rd product, and first product finally takes off by discharging mechanism the product processing, by that analogy, make product lock one by one screw by streamline mechanism.
2. a kind of Full-automatic screw locking machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described jaw cylinder connecting plate is L-type structure, and L-type structure one side is provided with lift cylinder, and the opposite side of L-type structure is provided with jaw cylinder.
3. a kind of Full-automatic screw locking machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described jaw has two, and each jaw is provided with a step trough, and step trough medial surface is semicircular structure, and when two jaw clamping screws, screw is just in time stuck in step trough place.
4. a kind of Full-automatic screw locking machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the upper surface of described loading supporting plate is concordant with the upper surface of feed conveyor belt, product is placed on loading supporting plate, thereby and charging travelling belt by charging drive motors drive product on loading supporting plate, move ahead.
5. a kind of Full-automatic screw locking machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described supporting plate pillar and stop that pillar has respectively four.
6. a kind of Full-automatic screw locking machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: on described front riser and rear riser, be respectively equipped with a slotted eye, described side compression piece can be from slotted eye through compressing product side.
7. a kind of Full-automatic screw locking machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: before described front riser, rear riser, front side transfer riser, rear side transfer riser, charging, after riser and charging, riser top is separately installed with belt protection plate.
8. a kind of Full-automatic screw locking machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described left briquetting is arranged on left briquetting contiguous block by two Spring screwses.
9. a kind of Full-automatic screw locking machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described horizontal contiguous block is the structure with three flanges, comprise flange a, flange b and flange c, the piston rod of described flange a place and lateral cylinder links together, flange b bottom is arranged on slide block, and flange c and pressure head contiguous block link together.
CN201410398102.3A 2014-08-13 2014-08-13 A kind of Full-automatic screw locking machine CN104175110B (en)

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CN104625706A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-05-20 苏州华冲精密机械有限公司 Double-platform full-automatic self-suction type screw locking device
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Address after: The Wujiang economic and Technological Development Zone West Road Wujiang District of Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province, No. 666 215200

Patentee after: Bo Seiko Polytron Technologies Inc

Address before: The Wujiang economic and Technological Development Zone West Road Wujiang District of Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province, No. 666 215200

Patentee before: Suzhou Bozhong Precision Industry Technology Co., Ltd.