CN104173159B - Treatment couch specific to rehabilitation of bedridden patient - Google Patents

Treatment couch specific to rehabilitation of bedridden patient Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104173159B
CN104173159B CN201410442092.9A CN201410442092A CN104173159B CN 104173159 B CN104173159 B CN 104173159B CN 201410442092 A CN201410442092 A CN 201410442092A CN 104173159 B CN104173159 B CN 104173159B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bed
rehabilitation
oil
patient
cylinder
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CN201410442092.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104173159A (en
Inventor
郑英
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扬州大学
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Priority to CN201410442092.9A priority Critical patent/CN104173159B/en
Publication of CN104173159A publication Critical patent/CN104173159A/en
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Publication of CN104173159B publication Critical patent/CN104173159B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a treatment couch specific to rehabilitation of a bedridden patient and belongs to the field of medical facilities. The treatment couch comprises an elastic mattress which is installed on a couch frame, the elastic mattress is composed of a plurality of elastic supporting columns which are distributed in a rectangular array, the elastic supporting columns comprise oil cylinders which are disposed on the couch frame, cylinder bodies of the oil cylinders are fixedly arranged on the couch frame, ends of piston rods of the oil cylinders are machined to form circular truncated cones, ball heads are fixedly disposed on the circular truncated cones, universal supporting seats are installed on the ball heads in a matching mode, reset springs sleeve the piston rods of the oil cylinders, two ends of the reset springs abut against bottom surfaces of the circular truncated cones and top surfaces of the cylinder bodies respectively, side walls of the cylinder bodies are communicated with an oil inlet pipe and an oil return pipe, and the oil inlet pipe and the oil return pipe are connected with a double-position on-off valve which is controlled by a programmable logic controller (PLC). According to the treatment couch specific to rehabilitation of the bedridden patient, local skin parts of a human body contact with the mattress through alternating control so that the local skin parts of the human body can contact with air in an alternating mode, the ventilating effect can be achieved, the rehabilitation effect of the patient can be improved, living qualities can be improved, and the treatment couch can be applied to rehabilitation of the patient.

Description

A kind of therapeutic bed for bed patient's rehabilitation

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of bed, more particularly to a kind of therapeutic bed.

Background technology

The patient of patients after surgery, paralytic and infirmities of age is typically in supine position, it has to for a long time with bed Pad contact causes blood circulation to be obstructed, and muscle lacks the contact of motion and skin long-time with mattress and easily causes dermatitis, bedsore And the problems such as muscular atrophy, have a strong impact on recovery effects and quality of life.Now widely used sick bed cannot be solved on the whole Certainly this problem, dermatitis, the clinical picture such as bedsore and muscular atrophy is widely present.

The content of the invention

It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of therapeutic bed for bed patient's rehabilitation, alleviates patient skin long-term with mattress The situation of contact, strengthens the recovery effects of patient, improves the quality of life of patient.

The object of the present invention is achieved like this:A kind of therapeutic bed for bed patient's rehabilitation, including installed in bedstead On elastic bed mattress, the elastic bed mattress is made up of the elastic fore-set that several rectangular arrays are distributed, the elastic fore-set bag The oil cylinder on bedstead is included, the cylinder body of the oil cylinder is fixedly mounted on bedstead, and circle is processed in the end of cylinder piston rod Platform, is fixedly installed bulb on the round platform, coordinate on the bulb and be provided with Universal support seat, is arranged with cylinder piston rod Back-moving spring, the two ends of back-moving spring contradict be communicated with oil-feed on round platform bottom surface and cylinder deck, the cylinder side wall respectively Pipe and oil return pipe, oil inlet pipe and oil return pipe are both connected on two on-off valves of Jing PLC controls.

When in use, patient lies on elastic bed mattress the present invention, and Universal support seat is pushed and lived in the presence of body weight pressure Stopper rod downward actuation, when the elastic force of patient body weight pressure and back-moving spring forms balance, piston rod no longer declines, now system Two on-off valves are controlled by PLC, by two on-off valve control cylinders so that in-oil cylinder piston downward actuation so that phase The piston rod for answering position drives Universal support seat to decline, so as to the mattress for realizing local location is separated with human body, when one section after, Pressure is discharged by PLC control cylinders, piston rod in the presence of back-moving spring, return by bounce-back so that Universal support seat continues Decline with contact human skin, and the Universal support seat for controlling another location by PLC, so alternately, it is to avoid human body Skin is contacted for a long time with mattress, compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention is, the present invention is by alternately control human body Local skin is contacted with mattress, so that the local location of human body skin can replace and air contact, plays ventilative effect, is dropped The probability that low dermatitis, bedsore, muscular atrophy occur, strengthens the recovery effects of patient, improves quality of life.The present invention can be used for In patients ' recovery.

As the further restriction of the present invention, multiple buffering elastics are uniformly installed around bulb periphery on the round platform top surface Spring, buffer spring Jing steel wires are connected with Universal support seat, and the Universal support seat is processed into the mushroom-shaped structure that top surface is plane, The steel wire is connected on the bottom surface on Universal support seat top.Buffer spring coordinates steel wire rope to cause Universal support seat departing from people During body pressure, original state can be in time reset to, it is ensured that next time is more comfortable with the contact of human body, and is more uniformly stressed, and prolongs Long its service life.

As the further restriction of the present invention, the circular hole of some rectangular array distributions is offered on the bedstead, it is described Cylinder body is fixedly mounted in the circular hole.So that the installation production of the present invention is more convenient.

Used as the further restriction of the present invention, the cylinder body upper portion side wall two ends are correspondingly arranged on fuel feed hole and spill port, Fuel feed hole connects oil inlet pipe, and spill port connects oil return pipe.Fuel feed hole, spill port are opened in into cylinder side wall two ends and coordinate reset bullet Spring so that the control of piston rod is more convenient.

Used as the further restriction of the present invention, each row's elasticity fore-set of width matches somebody with somebody two on-off valves.So that every Secondary controllable row's Universal support seat declines, and facilitates control process.

Used as the further restriction of the present invention, the top surface neighboring of the Universal support seat is machined with chamfering.So that ten thousand It is more comfortable when with human contact to support base, be conducive to the recovery of patient.

Used as the further restriction of the present invention, the top surface diameter of each Universal support seat is in 3-4cm.

Used as the further restriction of the present invention, the Universal support seat, bulb, piston rod, cylinder body and back-moving spring are same Axle is arranged.Avoid Universal support seat unbalance stress when with contact human skin, it is ensured that the service life of Universal support seat.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention.

Fig. 2 is topography of the present invention.

Wherein, 1 Universal support seat, 101 bottom surfaces, 102 top surfaces, 103 chamferings, 2 steel wires, 3 back-moving springs, 4 bulbs, 5 pistons Bar, 6 buffer springs, 7 cylinder bodies, 8 bedsteads, 9 oil return pipes, 10PLC, 11 2 on-off valves, 12 oil inlet pipes.

Specific embodiment

A kind of therapeutic bed for bed patient's rehabilitation as shown in Figure 1-2, including the spring bed on bedstead 8 Pad, offers the circular hole of some rectangular array distributions, the elasticity that elastic bed mattress is distributed by several rectangular arrays on bedstead 8 Fore-set is constituted, and elastic fore-set includes the oil cylinder being arranged on bedstead 8, and the cylinder body 7 of oil cylinder is fixedly mounted in circular hole, oil cylinder piston Round platform is processed in the end of bar 5, and bulb 4 is fixedly installed on round platform, coordinates on bulb 4 and is provided with Universal support seat 1, round platform top Multiple buffer springs 6 are uniformly installed around the periphery of bulb 4 on face, the Jing steel wires 2 of buffer spring 6 are connected with Universal support seat 1, universal Support base 1 is processed into the mushroom-shaped structure that top surface 102 is plane, and steel wire 2 is connected on the bottom surface 101 on the top of Universal support seat 1, The neighboring of top surface 102 of Universal support seat 1 is machined with chamfering 103, and back-moving spring 3, reset bullet are arranged with cylinder piston rod 5 The two ends of spring 3 are contradicted respectively in round platform bottom surface and the top surface of cylinder body 7, and the upper portion side wall two ends of cylinder body 7 are correspondingly arranged on fuel feed hole and return Oilhole, fuel feed hole connects oil inlet pipe 12, and spill port connects oil return pipe 9, and oil inlet pipe 12 and oil return pipe 9 are both connected to Jing PLC10 controls On two on-off valves 11 of system, each row's elasticity fore-set of width matches somebody with somebody two on-off valves 11, Universal support seat 1, bulb 4th, piston rod 5, cylinder body 7 and back-moving spring 3 are coaxially disposed, and the oil-in on two on-off valves 11 is connected with pressure source, two Oil return opening on on-off valve 11 is connected with fuel tank, and the top surface diameter of each Universal support seat 1 is in 3-4cm.

During present invention work, PLC10 can respectively control two break-makes of different control units within the specific time period The break-make of valve 11, when two on-off valves 11 of certain control unit in an ON state when, the pressure oil in pressure source is entered by oil-in Enter, then entered in the M cylinder body 7 of same row by oil inlet pipe 12 so that 5 grams of M piston rod in corresponding control unit The resistance for taking buffer spring 6 is moved downward, and so as to drive contact of the disengaging of Universal support seat 1 with human body for a period of time, the time is long Short to be determined by program, then two on-off valves 11 recover off-state under PLC10 effects, and piston is no longer stressed oil effect, Buffer spring 6 act under upwards exercise recovery to original position and human contact, the hydraulic oil in cylinder body 7 is by way of oil return pipe 9, oil return Mouth and two on-off valves 11 return to fuel tank, and now plc10 starts two on-off valves for controlling another control unit according to program It is identical that 11 execution identical actions, the typically length direction in bed perform two on-off valves 11 according to the endless form from 1 to N Action.Due to being endless form, at any time M Universal support seat 1 in interior only one of which control unit departs from and people The contact of body, therefore the footprint pressure of totality increases very little.When making all of contact site all loosen one section in a circulation Between, the ventilative time of local skin is increased while supine position is kept, the muscle pressure of local is reduced, improve local muscle Blood supply.

Above-described embodiment is the invention is not limited in, for example, some accommodations is done in the control that concrete unit declines, On the basis of technical scheme disclosed by the invention, those skilled in the art is according to disclosed technology contents, it is not necessary to create The work of the property made just can make some to some of which technical characteristic and replace and deform, and these are replaced and deform at this In bright protection domain.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of therapeutic bed for bed patient's rehabilitation, it is characterised in that include the elastic bed mattress being arranged on bedstead, it is described Elastic bed mattress is made up of the elastic fore-set that several rectangular arrays are distributed, and the elastic fore-set includes the oil being arranged on bedstead Cylinder, the cylinder body of the oil cylinder is fixedly mounted on bedstead, and round platform is processed in the end of cylinder piston rod, and fixation on the round platform sets Bulb is equipped with, is coordinated on the bulb and Universal support seat is installed, back-moving spring is arranged with cylinder piston rod, back-moving spring Two ends contradict oil inlet pipe and oil return pipe are communicated with round platform bottom surface and cylinder deck, the cylinder side wall respectively, oil inlet pipe and Oil return pipe is both connected on two on-off valves of Jing PLC controls, is uniformly provided with around bulb periphery on the round platform top surface multiple Buffer spring, buffer spring Jing steel wires are connected with Universal support seat, and the Universal support seat is processed into the mushroom that top surface is plane Shape structure, the steel wire is connected on the bottom surface on Universal support seat top.
2. a kind of therapeutic bed for bed patient's rehabilitation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that open on the bedstead The circular hole of some rectangular array distributions is provided with, the cylinder body is fixedly mounted in the circular hole.
3. a kind of therapeutic bed for bed patient's rehabilitation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the cylinder body top Side wall two ends are correspondingly arranged on fuel feed hole and spill port, and fuel feed hole connects oil inlet pipe, and spill port connects oil return pipe.
4. a kind of therapeutic bed for bed patient's rehabilitation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that width is each The elastic fore-set of row matches somebody with somebody two on-off valves.
5. a kind of therapeutic bed for bed patient's rehabilitation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the Universal support The top surface neighboring of seat is machined with chamfering.
6. a kind of therapeutic bed for bed patient's rehabilitation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that each is described universal The top surface diameter of support base is in 3-4cm.
7. a kind of therapeutic bed for bed patient's rehabilitation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the Universal support Seat, bulb, piston rod, cylinder body and back-moving spring are coaxially disposed.
CN201410442092.9A 2014-09-02 2014-09-02 Treatment couch specific to rehabilitation of bedridden patient CN104173159B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410442092.9A CN104173159B (en) 2014-09-02 2014-09-02 Treatment couch specific to rehabilitation of bedridden patient

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410442092.9A CN104173159B (en) 2014-09-02 2014-09-02 Treatment couch specific to rehabilitation of bedridden patient

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CN104173159A CN104173159A (en) 2014-12-03
CN104173159B true CN104173159B (en) 2017-05-03

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105476327B (en) * 2015-12-30 2017-07-11 邢秋平 Adjustable pneumatic mattress
CN106344244A (en) * 2016-10-27 2017-01-25 福建中医药大学 Gradient individually-adjustable three-dimensional air cushion structure for sectional backbone drawing bed
CN106420138A (en) * 2016-10-27 2017-02-22 福建中医药大学 Three-dimensional action control device capable of individually adjusting curvature sectional spine traction bed
CN106974782A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-07-25 山东省立医院 A kind of care device suitable for enterogastritis people's post-operative rehabilitation

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4524762A (en) * 1983-05-16 1985-06-25 Schulman David A Seat having movable supporting surfaces
CN2149196Y (en) * 1992-08-30 1993-12-15 陈海就 Universal rolling rubbing masage mat
EP0934740A2 (en) * 1998-02-10 1999-08-11 Ottini Ermolao Mattress for massage beds
CN201879204U (en) * 2010-11-14 2011-06-29 孟亿进 Automatic sleeping massage bed
CN102164570A (en) * 2008-09-26 2011-08-24 索尔制床有限公司 Medical bed
CN102470066A (en) * 2009-08-17 2012-05-23 凯希特许有限公司 System to reduce stasis-induced reperfusion injury
CN203042730U (en) * 2012-12-31 2013-07-10 谢永强 Anti-pressure-ulcer health care bed

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2445158A (en) * 1946-04-18 1948-07-13 Sparhawk Frank Hospital bed
CN201536848U (en) * 2009-07-28 2010-08-04 北京电子科技职业学院 Mattress with adjustable height

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4524762A (en) * 1983-05-16 1985-06-25 Schulman David A Seat having movable supporting surfaces
CN2149196Y (en) * 1992-08-30 1993-12-15 陈海就 Universal rolling rubbing masage mat
EP0934740A2 (en) * 1998-02-10 1999-08-11 Ottini Ermolao Mattress for massage beds
CN102164570A (en) * 2008-09-26 2011-08-24 索尔制床有限公司 Medical bed
CN102470066A (en) * 2009-08-17 2012-05-23 凯希特许有限公司 System to reduce stasis-induced reperfusion injury
CN201879204U (en) * 2010-11-14 2011-06-29 孟亿进 Automatic sleeping massage bed
CN203042730U (en) * 2012-12-31 2013-07-10 谢永强 Anti-pressure-ulcer health care bed

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