CN104172141B - Edible fungus health-care powder effervescent tablet and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Edible fungus health-care powder effervescent tablet and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104172141B
CN104172141B CN201410345357.3A CN201410345357A CN104172141B CN 104172141 B CN104172141 B CN 104172141B CN 201410345357 A CN201410345357 A CN 201410345357A CN 104172141 B CN104172141 B CN 104172141B
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powder
enzymolysis
glossy ganoderma
pleurotus nebrodensis
temperature
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CN104172141A (en
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邵素英
李建树
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Tianjin vitality Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
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Tianjin Zhongtian Jingke Technology Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A21D OR A23B-A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L2/00Non-alcoholic beverages; Dry compositions or concentrates therefor; Their preparation
    • A23L2/40Effervescence-generating compositions
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A21D OR A23B-A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L27/00Spices; Flavouring agents or condiments; Artificial sweetening agents; Table salts; Dietetic salt substitutes; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L27/10Natural spices, flavouring agents or condiments; Extracts thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A21D OR A23B-A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L31/00Edible extracts or preparations of fungi; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A21D OR A23B-A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L33/00Modifying nutritive qualities of foods; Dietetic products; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23VINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO FOODS, FOODSTUFFS OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES
    • A23V2002/00Food compositions, function of food ingredients or processes for food or foodstuffs

Abstract

This discloses a kind of edible fungus health-care powder effervescent tablet and preparation method thereof, belongs to field of health care products.Described edible fungus health-care powder effervescent tablet, be made up of the component of following parts by weight: hickory chick enzymolysis powder 15-30, Pleurotus nebrodensis glossy ganoderma enzymolysis powder 10-25, animal protein hydrolysis powder 2-5, Chinese caterpillar fungus bacterial filament powder 2-5 part, hawthorn powder 2-5 part, disintegrant 20-40 part, diluent 30-80 part, lubricant 0.5-2 part, flavouring 2-10 part, described effervescent tablet is by after mixing said components by number, and it is moistening to add ethanol, makes softwood, again through granulation, drying, whole grain, add disintegrant, mix lubricant evenly after, compression molding.Product special flavour of the present invention is delicious, and being rich in multiple nutrients functional component, is a kind of edible mushroom deep processed product collecting nutrition, nourishing, adjusting immunity of human body function, and instant, can be used as common food flavoring or chafing dish bottom flavorings eats, also direct-edible.

Description

Edible fungus health-care powder effervescent tablet and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of health-care beverage product and preparation method thereof, particularly effervescent tablet.
Background technology:
Pleurotus nebrodensis is a kind of rare edible mushroom, and analyze according to St Foods Q Supervision & Testing Center, Pleurotus nebrodensis protein content is up to 14.7%.Containing 18 seed amino acids in protein, wherein 8 seed amino acids of needed by human all contain.Every gram of Pleurotus nebrodensis is containing polysaccharide 190 milligrams.In amino acid, lysine is 569 milligrams/100 grams, is 2.8 times of general flat mushroom; Leucine 790.2 milligrams/100 grams, is 2.6 times of general flat mushroom; Isoleucine is 470.1 milligrams/100 grams, is 2.5 times of general flat mushroom; Valine 674.6 milligrams/100 grams, for general flat mushroom 2.2 times, other human body essential amino acid content also than general flat mushroom height 1.9-2.7 doubly, especially glutamic acid and arginine content are high especially, these are all the nutritional factors being conducive to intelligence development, than being called that the asparagus content of intelligence mushroom is taller in the world.Pleurotus nebrodensis is also containing a large amount of multivitamins and multi mineral element.The contained a large amount of mushroom polysaccharide of Pleurotus nebrodensis, can strengthen the immunologic function of human body, and the cholesterol in its unrighted acid and blood of human body is combined into cholesterol ester, reduces blood pressure, prevents arteriosclerotic effect.Often edible Pleurotus nebrodensis disappears the effect of disease dissipating blood stasis and clearing away heat removing toxic substances in addition.Therefore, the nutritive value that Pleurotus nebrodensis is surprising and health care cause the very big concern of scientific circles.
Hickory chick is under the jurisdiction of Ascomycotina (Ascomycotina), discomycete, Pezizale, Morchellaceae, morchella, and hickory chick has many small ruts with its cap surface, gains the name like sheep tripe in outward appearance pole.It is a kind of wild famous and precious edible and medical fungi, includes the earliest in Li Shizhen (1518-1593 A.D.) Compendium of Material Medica.The traditional Chinese medical science is used as medicine with Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers sporophore.Hickory chick is foremost delicious edible mushroom in sac fungus, and hickory chick contains protein 22.1%, fat 3.8%, polysaccharide 16.3%; And the unrighted acid in fat is 5 to 3 with the ratio of saturated fatty acid, the linoleic acid useful to human body accounts for 56% of fatty acid total amount.The amino acid of needed by human is complete, and its content is 5 times of Hericium erinaceus.Element also containing needed by human such as abundant potassium, phosphorus, calcium, iron, magnesium, zinc and selenium.Wherein the content of potassium, phosphorus is 4 times and 2 times of Cordyceps sinensis respectively, and Zn content is 9 times of Cordyceps sinensis.Selenium then can change carcinogenic metabolism direction and anti-oxidant, and thus hickory chick is described as " anticancer star ".
Hickory chick property is put down, and taste is sweet cold, nontoxic, there is beneficial stomach, digestion help food, phlegm-eliminiating and qi-regulating, kidney tonifying, establishing-Yang, benefit brain, the function of refreshing oneself.Research finds that hickory chick has reducing blood lipid, immunity moderation, antifatigue, anti-radiation, antitumor action, and can alleviate the toxic and side effect that cancer patient's chemicotherapy causes.
Publication number is that the Chinese invention " a kind of compound mushroom flavoring and preparation method thereof " of CN101617808A discloses the flavoring that a kind of primary raw material is agaricus bisporus powder, straw mushroom powder, sodium glutamate etc., wherein the preparation method of mushroom powder is: after fresh mushroom rinsing, boiling, pulverizing, defibrination, homogeneous, obtain through concentrated, spraying dry again, it is not high to there is raw material extraction and application rate in this method, and nutrition and delicate flavour retain bad problem.Publication number be CN101455332A Chinese invention " a kind of edible fungus composition of disease preventing and treating " disclose one can effective disease preventing and treating, the edible fungus composition taken good care of one's health, be made up of the raw material of following percentage by weight: auricularia auriculajudae 8-10%, straw mushroom 9-11%, mushroom 7-9%, glossy ganoderma 9-11%, asparagus 11-13%, white fungus 10-12%, glossy ganoderma 12-14%, flat mushroom 7-9%, hedgehog hydnum 8-10%, spice 2-3%, flavouring 2-3% and water 4-6%, total amount 100%.First by auricularia auriculajudae, straw mushroom, mushroom, glossy ganoderma, asparagus, white fungus, glossy ganoderma, flat mushroom and hedgehog hydnum cutting slivering or block, then add spice, flavouring and water, place in pressure cooker, high temperature 120-150 DEG C, boiling 5-10 minute, lets cool, tinning or bottling or pack.Publication number is the manufacture craft that the Chinese invention " a kind of anti-tumor healthcare mushroom porridge " of CN103494180A provides a kind of anti-tumor healthcare mushroom porridge.This mushroom porridge comprises Hericium erinaceus, northern hickory chick, asparagus, glossy ganoderma, white fungus, flat mushroom, pleurotus eryngii, seafood mushroom, crab flavour mushroom, tomato, the seed of Job's tears, rice etc., and each raw material is allocated in proportion, selected ingredient requirement green high quality, without disease and pest.Preparation flow comprises screening and pretreatment, boiling, tinning, the sterilizing etc. of raw material, and manufacturing process does not add any anticorrisive agent and food additives; Be characterized as: to have the edible mushroom of antitumor efficacy for primary raw material, and raw material is fresh fruit body of edible fungi, arranging in pairs or groups with antitumor vegetables, cereal uses, and enhances value and the nutritive value of various raw material.This mushroom porridge comprises various active material as hickory chick element, Flammulin, glossy ganoderma element etc., and mushroom taste is strong, nutritious, has significantly prevention and health-care effect to develop immunitypty, pre-preventing tumor, and technological operation is simple, suitable factorial praluction.
Publication number is the preparation method that the Chinese invention " instant edible mushroom and preparation method thereof " of CN101238878A provides a kind of instant edible mushroom, be characterised in that the flavoring of use comprises mushroom powder, this mushroom powder comprises matsutake dry powder 9-11 by mass parts, Boletus luridus dry powder 18-22, flower mushroom dry powder 9-11, HEIHUZHANG fungus dry powder 9-11, hickory chick dry powder 9-11, Termitomyces albuminosus dry powder 9-11, Boletus aereus dry powder 90-110, Hericium erinaceus dry powder 9-11; There is preparation method's technological process simple, with low cost; The instant product mouthfeel made is excellent, non-greasy, has the feature of the natural fresh perfume (or spice) of strong mushroom.Described mushroom powder is obtained, granularity 40-120 order lower than 12% rear grinding to water content by corresponding fresh feed bacterium natural air drying.Publication number is the invention " healthy effervescent tablet and preparation method thereof " of CN01141724.2, this characteristic feature of an invention is the functional oligose containing tool Bifidobacterium proliferation function, as xylo-oligosaccharide, FOS, galactooligosaccharide, oligoisomaltose, soyabean oligosaccharides etc., and the several functions factors such as medicine, vitamin, mineral matter, soluble chitin can be added.This tablet does not adopt traditional wet granulation, and cross 0.4-1.2mm screen cloth, mixing by supplementary material, after 55-65 DEG C of dryings, direct tablet compressing is produced, technique is simple, energy-conservation, saving of labor, save time, and factory building area occupied is little.Its finished product drops in water " can grow " bubbling, and roll up and down, momentariness dissolves into one cup of cup beverage, health products, medicinal herb tea etc., rich interesting.The patent No. is that the patent of invention of ZL201010268066 discloses " a kind of red jujube polysaccharide effervescent tablets and preparation method thereof ", this effervescent tablet is made up of the component of following weight portion: red jujube polysaccharide 10-20 parts, disintegrant 20-40 parts, diluent 40-100 parts, lubricant 0.5-2 parts, flavouring 0-20 parts.The step that red jujube polysaccharide effervescent tablets is prepared in this invention is as follows: (1) gets after red jujube polysaccharide mixes with diluent, flavouring, and it is moistening to add ethanol, makes softwood; (2) granulation, dry, whole grain; (3) add disintegrant, flavouring, mix lubricant evenly after, compression molding.This invention product have anti-ageing, anti-oxidant, improve the effects such as human body immunocompetence, health care is good, is applicable to all kinds of crowd and eats, easy for carrying and eating.
How to make full use of mushroom nutritious, delicious in taste, be rich in the feature of various nutritional labeling, improve raw material extraction, utilization rate, exploitation has the flavoring products of good nutrition health care, meet and enrich the growing material requisite of people, developing edible mushroom new application is edible mushroom field of deep problem demanding prompt solution.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention solves is to provide a kind of edible fungus health-care powder effervescent tablet and preparation method thereof.
Technical scheme of the present invention is summarized as follows: a kind of edible fungus health-care powder effervescent tablet, be made up of the component of following parts by weight: hickory chick enzymolysis powder 15-30, Pleurotus nebrodensis glossy ganoderma enzymolysis powder 10-25, animal protein hydrolysis powder 2-5, Chinese caterpillar fungus bacterial filament powder 2-5 part, hawthorn powder 2-5 part, disintegrant 20-40 part, diluent 30-80 part, lubricant 0.5-2 part, flavouring 2-10 part.
Described disintegrant is sodium acid carbonate, and described diluent is dextrin, and described lubricant is dolomol;
Described flavouring is sweetener and acid, and sweetener selects antierythrite or xylitol; Acid is citric acid;
The mass ratio of described sweetener and acid is 1:1.1-1.5;
The preparation method of described effervescent tablet is as follows: (1) gets hickory chick enzymolysis powder, Chinese caterpillar fungus bacterial filament powder, Pleurotus nebrodensis glossy ganoderma enzymolysis powder, animal protein hydrolysis after powder, hawthorn powder, diluent and flavouring mix, add ethanol moistening, make softwood; (2) granulation, drying, whole grain; (3) add disintegrant, mix lubricant evenly after, compression molding.
The preparation process of described hickory chick enzymolysis powder is as follows: hickory chick prepares through fermentation method, adjusts to 40-60 DEG C after fermentation ends, adds the cellulase degradation process of zymotic fluid weight 0.5-2%, temperature 30-50 DEG C, pH4-5, time 0.5-1 hour; Add the flavor protease enzymolysis processing of zymotic fluid weight 0.3-1%, hydrolysis temperature 45-50 DEG C, pH value 6-7, enzymolysis time 1-2 hour; Adjustment temperature keeps 5-10 minute to 90-110 DEG C, cooling; Enzymolysis liquid drying obtains hickory chick enzymolysis powder.
Pleurotus nebrodensis glossy ganoderma enzymolysis powder preparation process is as follows: glossy ganoderma, after Pleurotus nebrodensis sporophore and Radix Isatidis are pulverized, crushed material mixes with the ratio of 1:3-6 with water, adjustment temperature is 40-60 DEG C, pH is 5.0-7.0, after adding glossy ganoderma and Pleurotus nebrodensis sporophore quality 0.1-0.3% cellulase degradation 1-1.5 hour, adjustment temperature keeps 2-5 minute to 80-95 DEG C, adjust temperature again to 50 DEG C, interpolation glossy ganoderma and Pleurotus nebrodensis sporophore quality 0.1-0.3% flavor protease carry out enzymolysis subsequently, hydrolysis temperature 40-50 DEG C, pH value 6-7, enzymolysis time 1-2 hour, centrifugation obtains supernatant, supernatant spraying dry obtains Pleurotus nebrodensis glossy ganoderma enzymolysis powder.Described glossy ganoderma, Pleurotus nebrodensis sporophore and Radix Isatidis are all crushed to particle diameter at below 0.5mm.The parts by weight of glossy ganoderma, Pleurotus nebrodensis and Radix Isatidis are respectively glossy ganoderma 5-8, Pleurotus nebrodensis 3-4, Radix Isatidis 0.2-0.5;
Animal protein hydrolysis powder, preparation method thereof is as follows: get quantitative animal flesh and rub through meat grinder, animal flesh after rubbing and water mix with the ratio of 1:5.1-6 and through milling treatment of colloid, adjustment colloid mill stator and the gap of rotor are 105-120 micron, colloid mill flow-control be 0.2-0.5 ton/hour, it is 40-60 DEG C that animal flesh after milling treatment of colloid is adjusted temperature, pH is 5.0-7.0, add the papain enzymolysis 60-100 minute of animal flesh quality 0.12-0.25%, 5-10 DEG C is cooled to keep 1.5-2 hour, increase the temperature to 85-95 DEG C and keep 10-25 minute, control temperature is to 40-50 DEG C, add animal flesh quality 0.12-0.25% flavor protease and carry out enzymolysis, hydrolysis temperature 40-50 DEG C, pH value 6-7, enzymolysis time 1-2 hour, obtain animal protein factor digest, get centrifuged supernatant, spraying dry obtains animal protein hydrolysis powder, described centrifugal rotational speed 3000-5000rpm.
Described animal flesh is chicken;
The enzyme preparation of adding in the present invention is purchased from Novi's letter, Beijing Dong Huadeng enzyme preparation company.
The root of bidentate achyranthes and the bark of eucommia enzymolysis liquid of 10-20% is added in toadstool ferment culture medium;
The described root of bidentate achyranthes and bark of eucommia enzymolysis liquid preparation method as follows: the interpolation mass ratio of the root of bidentate achyranthes and the bark of eucommia is 1:2, both were pulverized 100 mesh sieves, crushed mixture is added 6 times of water-soluble solutions, the cellulase degradation of interpolation mixture quality 2.5% 35 minutes, adjustment temperature is 40-60 DEG C, pH is 5.0-7.0, keeps 30-60 minutes, obtains the root of bidentate achyranthes and bark of eucommia enzymolysis liquid.
Beneficial effect
This product has mushroom fragrance to be given prominence to, and taste is suitable for, nutritious feature, both can make flavoring, can help food separately again, is the good merchantable brand of tourism at home.Pass through enzymolysis processing, protein in its fructification tissue is made to obtain degraded to a certain extent, amino acid analyzer is utilized to measure, total amino acid content improves 20-37% than before enzymolysis, effectively raise the content of each seed amino acid and other flavor substances in product of the present invention, make product of the present invention delicious in taste, simultaneously due to the good compatibility of the various nutritional labelings of enzymolysis generation, make product of the present invention not only have good seasoning function but also have good nutrition nourishing function.
The preparation of animal protein hydrolysis powder, high-pressure homogeneous, enzymolysis high-temperature process in mid-term, subsection enzymolysis treatment process is adopted to combine, be beneficial to enzyme to play a role, improve enzymolysis efficiency and nutriment stripping, improve nutritive value and the good taste of product, this product good mouthfeel under without the condition of flavouring, taste appraisal score value uses flavouring product higher than related category.
This product special flavour is delicious, and being rich in multiple nutrients functional component, is a kind of edible mushroom deep processed product collecting nutrition, nourishing, adjusting immunity of human body function.This product instant, can be used as common food flavoring or chafing dish bottom flavorings eats, also direct-edible.
Detailed description of the invention
The following examples can make the present invention of those skilled in the art's comprehend, but do not limit the present invention in any way.
Embodiment 1
A kind of edible fungus health-care powder effervescent tablet, is made up of the component of following parts by weight: hickory chick enzymolysis powder 20, Pleurotus nebrodensis glossy ganoderma enzymolysis powder 20, animal protein hydrolysis powder 3, Chinese caterpillar fungus bacterial filament powder 3 parts, hawthorn powder 3 parts, disintegrant 30 parts, diluent 50 parts, lubricant 1 part, flavouring 5 parts.
Described disintegrant is sodium acid carbonate, and described diluent is dextrin, and described lubricant is dolomol,
Described flavouring is sweetener and acid, and sweetener selects antierythrite; Acid is citric acid;
The mass ratio of described sweetener and acid is 1:1.2;
The preparation process of described hickory chick enzymolysis powder is as follows: hickory chick prepares through fermentation method, adjusts to 45 DEG C after fermentation ends, adds the cellulase degradation process of zymotic fluid weight 1%, temperature 45 C, pH5,1 hour time; Add the flavor protease enzymolysis processing of zymotic fluid weight 0.5%, hydrolysis temperature 50 DEG C, pH value 7, enzymolysis time 2 hours; Adjustment temperature keeps 6 minutes to 100 DEG C, cooling; Enzymolysis liquid freeze drying obtains hickory chick enzymolysis powder.
Described Pleurotus nebrodensis glossy ganoderma enzymolysis powder preparation process is as follows: glossy ganoderma, after Pleurotus nebrodensis sporophore and Radix Isatidis are pulverized, crushed material mixes with the ratio of 1:5 with water, adjustment temperature is 50 DEG C, pH is 6.0, add the cellulase degradation of glossy ganoderma and Pleurotus nebrodensis sporophore quality 0.2% after 1 hour, adjustment temperature keeps 3 minutes to 90 DEG C, adjust temperature again to 50 DEG C, interpolation glossy ganoderma and Pleurotus nebrodensis sporophore quality 0.1% flavor protease carry out enzymolysis subsequently, hydrolysis temperature 40 DEG C, pH value 6, enzymolysis time 1 hour, centrifugation obtains supernatant, supernatant spraying dry obtains Pleurotus nebrodensis glossy ganoderma enzymolysis powder.Described glossy ganoderma, Pleurotus nebrodensis sporophore and Radix Isatidis are all crushed to particle diameter at below 0.5mm.The parts by weight of glossy ganoderma, Pleurotus nebrodensis and Radix Isatidis are respectively glossy ganoderma 6, Pleurotus nebrodensis 3, Radix Isatidis 0.5;
Described animal protein hydrolysis powder, preparation method thereof is as follows: get quantitative animal flesh and rub through meat grinder, animal flesh after rubbing and water mix with the ratio of 1:6 and through milling treatment of colloid, the gap of adjustment colloid mill stator and rotor is 105 microns, and colloid mill flow-control is 0.3 ton/hour; It is 50 DEG C that animal flesh after milling treatment of colloid is adjusted temperature, pH is 6.0, add the papain enzymolysis 80 minutes of animal flesh quality 0.20%, 8 DEG C are cooled to keep 1.5 hours, increase the temperature to 90 DEG C to keep 15 minutes, control temperature is to 45 DEG C, add animal flesh quality 0.2% flavor protease and carry out enzymolysis, hydrolysis temperature 50 DEG C, pH value 7, enzymolysis time 1 hour, obtains animal protein factor digest, gets centrifuged supernatant, spraying dry obtains animal protein hydrolysis powder, described centrifugal rotational speed 4000rpm.
Described animal flesh is chicken;
The preparation of described fermented morel liquid: adopt slant strains to spread cultivation step by step and obtain hickory chick fungal fermented filtrate;
(1) first order seed is cultivated: hickory chick slant strains accessed in 500 ml shake flasks, fermentation medium loading amount 100 milliliters, rotary shaker 180 revs/min, cultivation temperature 24 DEG C, incubation time 50 hours;
(2) secondary seed cultivate: by first order seed according to 10% inoculum concentration access in 500 milliliters of secondary seed shaking flasks, condition of culture is identical with first order seed;
(3) three grades of seed culture: secondary seed is accessed in 5000 milliliters of three grades of seed flask with 10% inoculum concentration, fermentation medium loading amount 1000 milliliters, rotary shaker 100 revs/min, cultivation temperature 24 DEG C, incubation time 50 hours;
(4) first class seed pot is cultivated: the first class seed pot being 150L with 10% inoculum concentration access total measurement (volume) by three grades of seeds, fermentation medium loading amount 100L, cultivation temperature 24 DEG C, mixing speed 150 revs/min, ventilation (V/V) 1:0.5, tank pressure 0.05Mpa, incubation time 48 hours;
(5) secondary seed tank is cultivated: it is 1.5 tons of secondary seed tanks that first class seed pot bacterial classification is accessed total measurement (volume) with 10% inoculum concentration, fermentation medium loading amount 1 ton, and condition of culture is identical with first class seed pot;
(6) fermentation tank culture: the fermentation tank by the bacterial classification in secondary seed tank with 10% inoculum concentration access total measurement (volume) being 13 tons, fermentation medium loading amount 10 tons, cultivation temperature 24 DEG C, mixing speed 100 revs/min, ventilation (V/V) 1:0.4, tank pressure 0.05Mpa, incubation time 72 hours.
Described above-mentioned fermented morel liquid fermentation medium consists of: millet 2%, peptone 1%, beef extract 1%, corn, 2.5%, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5%., the root of bidentate achyranthes and bark of eucommia enzymolysis liquid 10%; Insufficient section water is supplied, pH7.0-7.2,121 DEG C of high pressure steam sterilization 20min.
The described root of bidentate achyranthes and bark of eucommia enzymolysis liquid preparation method as follows: the interpolation mass ratio of the root of bidentate achyranthes and the bark of eucommia is 1:2, both were pulverized 100 mesh sieves, crushed mixture is added 6 times of water-soluble solutions, the cellulase degradation of interpolation mixture quality 2.5% 35 minutes, adjustment temperature is 60 DEG C, pH is 7.0, keeps 60 minutes, obtains the root of bidentate achyranthes and bark of eucommia enzymolysis liquid.
The enzyme preparation of adding in the present invention is purchased from letter enzyme preparation company of Novi; Hickory chick bacterial classification CGMCC5.0618 buys in China General Microbiological culture presevation administrative center:
Embodiment 2
A kind of edible fungus health-care powder effervescent tablet, is made up of the component of following parts by weight: hickory chick enzymolysis powder 15, Pleurotus nebrodensis glossy ganoderma enzymolysis powder 25, animal protein hydrolysis powder 2, Chinese caterpillar fungus bacterial filament powder 5 parts, hawthorn powder 2 parts, disintegrant 20 parts, diluent 30 parts, lubricant 2 parts, flavouring 2 parts.
Described disintegrant is sodium acid carbonate, and described diluent is dextrin, and described lubricant is dolomol,
Described flavouring is sweetener and acid, and sweetener selects antierythrite; Acid is citric acid;
The mass ratio of described sweetener and acid is 1:1.1;
The preparation method of described effervescent tablet is as follows: (1) gets hickory chick enzymolysis powder, Chinese caterpillar fungus bacterial filament powder, Pleurotus nebrodensis glossy ganoderma enzymolysis powder, animal protein hydrolysis after powder, hawthorn powder, diluent and flavouring mix, add ethanol moistening, make softwood; (2) granulation, drying, whole grain; (3) add disintegrant, mix lubricant evenly after, compression molding.
The preparation process of described hickory chick enzymolysis powder is as follows: hickory chick prepares through fermentation method, adjusts to 60 DEG C after fermentation ends, adds the cellulase degradation process of zymotic fluid weight 2%, temperature 50 C, pH5,1 hour time; Add the flavor protease enzymolysis processing of zymotic fluid weight 1%, hydrolysis temperature 50 DEG C, pH value 6, enzymolysis time 1 hour; Adjustment temperature keeps 5 minutes to 110 DEG C, cooling; Enzymolysis liquid drying obtains hickory chick enzymolysis powder.
Described Pleurotus nebrodensis glossy ganoderma enzymolysis powder preparation process is as follows: glossy ganoderma, after Pleurotus nebrodensis sporophore and Radix Isatidis are pulverized, crushed material mixes with the ratio of 1:6 with water, adjustment temperature is 40 DEG C, pH is 5.0, add the cellulase degradation of glossy ganoderma and Pleurotus nebrodensis sporophore quality 0.1% after 1 hour, adjustment temperature keeps 2 minutes to 95 DEG C, adjust temperature again to 50 DEG C, interpolation glossy ganoderma and Pleurotus nebrodensis sporophore quality 0.3% flavor protease carry out enzymolysis subsequently, hydrolysis temperature 50 DEG C, pH value 6, enzymolysis time 2 hours, centrifugation obtains supernatant, supernatant spraying dry obtains Pleurotus nebrodensis glossy ganoderma enzymolysis powder.Described glossy ganoderma, Pleurotus nebrodensis sporophore and Radix Isatidis are all crushed to particle diameter at below 0.5mm.The parts by weight of glossy ganoderma, Pleurotus nebrodensis and Radix Isatidis are respectively glossy ganoderma 8, Pleurotus nebrodensis 4, Radix Isatidis 0.5;
Described animal protein hydrolysis powder, preparation method thereof is as follows: get quantitative animal flesh and rub through meat grinder, animal flesh after rubbing and water mix with the ratio of 1:6 and through milling treatment of colloid, the gap of adjustment colloid mill stator and rotor is 110 microns, and colloid mill flow-control is 0.3 ton/hour; It is 60 DEG C that animal flesh after milling treatment of colloid is adjusted temperature, pH is 7.0, add the papain enzymolysis 100 minutes of animal flesh quality 0.25%, 10 DEG C are cooled to keep 2 hours, increase the temperature to 95 DEG C to keep 10 minutes, control temperature is to 50 DEG C, add animal flesh quality 0.25% flavor protease and carry out enzymolysis, hydrolysis temperature 40 DEG C, pH value 6, enzymolysis time 1 hour, obtains animal protein factor digest, gets centrifuged supernatant, spraying dry obtains animal protein hydrolysis powder, described centrifugal rotational speed 5000rpm.
Described animal flesh is chicken;
The enzyme preparation of adding in the present invention is purchased from Beijing Dong Hua enzyme preparation company
The root of bidentate achyranthes and the bark of eucommia enzymolysis liquid of 15% is added in described toadstool ferment culture medium;
The root of bidentate achyranthes and bark of eucommia enzymolysis liquid preparation method as follows: the interpolation mass ratio of the root of bidentate achyranthes and the bark of eucommia is 1:2, both were pulverized 100 mesh sieves, crushed mixture is added 6 times of water-soluble solutions, the cellulase degradation of interpolation mixture quality 2.5% 35 minutes, adjustment temperature is 60 DEG C, pH is 5.0, keeps 30 minutes, obtains the root of bidentate achyranthes and bark of eucommia enzymolysis liquid.
Embodiment 3
A kind of edible fungus health-care powder effervescent tablet, is made up of the component of following parts by weight: hickory chick enzymolysis powder 30, Pleurotus nebrodensis glossy ganoderma enzymolysis powder 10, animal protein hydrolysis powder 5, Chinese caterpillar fungus bacterial filament powder 2 parts, hawthorn powder 2 parts, disintegrant 40 parts, diluent 80 parts, lubricant 2 parts, flavouring 2 parts.
Described disintegrant is sodium acid carbonate, and described diluent is dextrin, and described lubricant is dolomol,
Described flavouring is sweetener and acid, and sweetener selects xylitol; Acid is citric acid;
The mass ratio of described sweetener and acid is 1:1.1-1.5;
The root of bidentate achyranthes and the bark of eucommia enzymolysis liquid of 20% is added in described toadstool ferment culture medium;
This product embodiments 1 product select in the winter time Efficiency in Buildings in Tianjin Area 100 ages 60-75 year weak easy catching a cold the elderly's edible January continuously, edible 2 of every day, every sheet 3 grams, with edible front and edible rear effectiveness comparison, the results are shown in Table 1, result shows that this product has positive effect to raising the elderly resistance, enhancing body immunity, and product has good edible and nutritious tonifying effect.Many continuously edible this product old men reflect that to take effect for a long time better, and the whole year has no interest, and health is better.
The table 1 eating effect table of comparisons

Claims (5)

1. edible fungus health-care powder effervescent tablet, be made up of the component of following parts by weight: hickory chick enzymolysis powder 15-30, Pleurotus nebrodensis glossy ganoderma enzymolysis powder 10-25, animal protein hydrolysis powder 2-5, Chinese caterpillar fungus bacterial filament powder 2-5 part, hawthorn powder 2-5 part, disintegrant 20-40 part, diluent 30-80 part, lubricant 0.5-2 part, flavouring 2-10 part;
The preparation process of described hickory chick enzymolysis powder is as follows: hickory chick prepares through fermentation method, adjusts to 40-60 DEG C after fermentation ends, adds the cellulase degradation process of zymotic fluid weight 0.5-2%, temperature 30-50 DEG C, pH4-5, time 0.5-1 hour; Add the flavor protease enzymolysis processing of zymotic fluid weight 0.3-1%, hydrolysis temperature 45-50 DEG C, pH value 6-7, enzymolysis time 1-2 hour; Adjustment temperature keeps 5-10 minute to 90-110 DEG C, cooling; Enzymolysis liquid drying obtains hickory chick enzymolysis powder; Wherein, fermented morel liquid fermentation medium consists of: millet 2%, peptone 1%, beef extract 1%, corn 2.5%, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5%, the root of bidentate achyranthes and bark of eucommia enzymolysis liquid 10%; Insufficient section water is supplied, pH7.0-7.2,121 DEG C of high pressure steam sterilization 20min; The described root of bidentate achyranthes and bark of eucommia enzymolysis liquid preparation method as follows: the interpolation mass ratio of the root of bidentate achyranthes and the bark of eucommia is 1:2, both were pulverized 100 mesh sieves, crushed mixture is added 6 times of water-soluble solutions, the cellulase degradation of interpolation mixture quality 2.5% 35 minutes, adjustment temperature is 40-60 DEG C, pH is 5.0-7.0, keeps 30-60 minute, obtains the root of bidentate achyranthes and bark of eucommia enzymolysis liquid;
Described Pleurotus nebrodensis glossy ganoderma enzymolysis powder preparation process is as follows: glossy ganoderma, after Pleurotus nebrodensis sporophore and Radix Isatidis are pulverized, crushed material mixes with the ratio of 1:3-6 with water, adjustment temperature is 40-60 DEG C, pH is 5.0-7.0, after adding glossy ganoderma and Pleurotus nebrodensis sporophore quality 0.1-0.3% cellulase degradation 1-1.5 hour, adjustment temperature keeps 2-5 minute to 80-95 DEG C, adjust temperature again to 50 DEG C, interpolation glossy ganoderma and Pleurotus nebrodensis sporophore quality 0.1-0.3% flavor protease carry out enzymolysis subsequently, hydrolysis temperature 40-50 DEG C, pH value 6-7, enzymolysis time 1-2 hour, centrifugation obtains supernatant, supernatant spraying dry obtains Pleurotus nebrodensis glossy ganoderma enzymolysis powder, described glossy ganoderma, Pleurotus nebrodensis sporophore and Radix Isatidis are all crushed to particle diameter at below 0.5mm, the parts by weight of glossy ganoderma, Pleurotus nebrodensis and Radix Isatidis are respectively glossy ganoderma 5-8, Pleurotus nebrodensis 3-4, Radix Isatidis 0.2-0.5,
Described animal protein hydrolysis powder, preparation method thereof is as follows: get quantitative animal flesh and rub through meat grinder, animal flesh after rubbing and water mix with the ratio of 1:5.1-6 and through milling treatment of colloid, adjustment colloid mill stator and the gap of rotor are 105-120 micron, colloid mill flow-control be 0.2-0.5 ton/hour, it is 40-60 DEG C that animal flesh after milling treatment of colloid is adjusted temperature, pH is 5.0-7.0, add the papain enzymolysis 60-100 minute of animal flesh quality 0.12-0.25%, 5-10 DEG C is cooled to keep 1.5-2 hour, increase the temperature to 85-95 DEG C and keep 10-25 minute, control temperature is to 40-50 DEG C, add animal flesh quality 0.12-0.25% flavor protease and carry out enzymolysis, hydrolysis temperature 40-50 DEG C, pH value 6-7, enzymolysis time 1-2 hour, obtain animal protein factor digest, get centrifuged supernatant, spraying dry obtains animal protein hydrolysis powder, centrifugal rotational speed 3000-5000rpm, described animal flesh is chicken.
2. edible fungus health-care powder effervescent tablet according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described disintegrant is sodium acid carbonate, and diluent is dextrin, and lubricant is dolomol.
3. edible fungus health-care powder effervescent tablet according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described flavouring is sweetener and acid, and sweetener selects antierythrite or xylitol, and acid is citric acid; The mass ratio of described sweetener and acid is 1:1.1-1.5.
4. edible fungus health-care powder effervescent tablet according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, be made up of the component of following parts by weight: hickory chick enzymolysis powder 15, Pleurotus nebrodensis glossy ganoderma enzymolysis powder 25, animal protein hydrolysis powder 2, Chinese caterpillar fungus bacterial filament powder 5 parts, hawthorn powder 2 parts, disintegrant 20 parts, diluent 30 parts, lubricant 2 parts, flavouring 2 parts.
5. the preparation method of edible fungus health-care powder effervescent tablet according to the arbitrary claim of claim 1-4, comprise the steps: that (1) gets hickory chick enzymolysis powder, Chinese caterpillar fungus bacterial filament powder, Pleurotus nebrodensis glossy ganoderma enzymolysis powder, animal protein hydrolysis after powder, hawthorn powder, diluent and flavouring mix, add ethanol moistening, make softwood; (2) granulation, drying, whole grain; (3) add disintegrant, mix lubricant evenly after, compression molding.
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