CN104171488A - Compound feed capable of improving reproductive capacity of Oreochromis niloticus parent fish and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Compound feed capable of improving reproductive capacity of Oreochromis niloticus parent fish and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104171488A
CN104171488A CN201410308700.7A CN201410308700A CN104171488A CN 104171488 A CN104171488 A CN 104171488A CN 201410308700 A CN201410308700 A CN 201410308700A CN 104171488 A CN104171488 A CN 104171488A
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China
Prior art keywords
fertility
vitamin
feed
parent fish
mixed feed
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CN201410308700.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
米海峰
孙瑞健
张璐
刘辉芬
吴业阳
易刚辉
杨忠华
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通威股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201410308700.7A priority Critical patent/CN104171488A/en
Publication of CN104171488A publication Critical patent/CN104171488A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a compound feed capable of improving the reproductive capacity of Oreochromis niloticus parent fish and a preparation method thereof. The compound feed can obviously improve the reproductive capacity of Oreochromis niloticus parent fish and reinforce the disease resistance. The feed comprises the following ingredients in percentage by weight: fish meal 5-15%, soybean meal 10-30%, dephenolized cottonseed meal 5-15%, double-low rapeseed meal 10-20%, high-gluten flour 10-30%, corn protein powder 5-10%, rice bran 10-20%, phosphatide oil 0.5-1%, soybean oil 1-3%, compound vitamins 0.2-0.5%, compound minerals 1.0-2.0%, phagostimulant 0.3-1.0%, vitamin C phosphate 0.1-0.3%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1-3%, anti-mildew agent 0.01-0.05%, Temianhuang 0.2-0.8%, choline chloride 0.05-0.15%, and vitamin E 0.01-0.03%. The feed and the preparation method thereof belong to the technical field of aquatic feeds.

Description

Improve mixed feed of gift tilapia fertility of parent fish and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to aquatic livestock mixed feed, relate in particular to a kind of mixed feed that improves gift tilapia reproductive capacity, belong to fish meal technical field.
Background technology
Tilapia mossambica (Oreochromis mossambicus) belongs to Perciformes, Callichthyidae, Tilapia mossambica genus.That the fine quality fish of promoting to the whole world are recommended by FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation) (FAO), the main aquaculture kind of while Ye Shi China.According to 2013 China Fisheries statistical yearbooks, add up national Tilapia mossambica output and reached 1,550,000 tons.Gift tilapia is the bolti after inhereditary feature improvement, is a kind of fish with better nutritivity value and economic worth, has now become the main aquaculture kind in China South China.
Along with the continuous expansion of Tilapia mossambica cultivation scale, seed quality causes showing great attention to of raiser gradually.In order to obtain a large amount of high-quality seeds, it is particularly important that the nutrition condition of parent population seems.China's Tilapia mossambica nursery majority takes artificial incubation mode to carry out incubating oosperm at present, although greatly shorten the breeding cycle, increased the number of times of laying eggs, but cause more nutritional labeling in parent population body to be grown for sexual cell, caused parent population physique degradation, reproductive capacity weakens, the egg laying amount series of problems such as tail off.Yet, about the research of the nutrition of gift tilapia parent population and feed seldom, on domestic market, there is not yet its special-purpose mixed feed, this has seriously hindered the development of Tilapia mossambica nursery industry.Therefore, a kind of exploitation that improves the special compound feed of gift tilapia fertility of parent fish is needed badly and is carried out, and this has important theoretical and practical significance to promoting gift tilapia culture benefit and industry development.
Summary of the invention
For above-mentioned deficiency, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of special compound feed for the cultivation of gift tilapia parent population, its feed nutrition is abundant balanced, can significantly improve gift tilapia fertility of parent fish, strengthen resistance against diseases, and then improve its egg laying amount and incubation rate.
A further object of the invention is to provide this for the preparation method of the special compound feed of gift tilapia parent population cultivation.
For solving last technical problem, first technical scheme provided by the invention is such: the mixed feed of this raising gift tilapia fertility of parent fish, by following percentage by weight component, made: fish meal 5%~15%, dregs of beans 10%~30%, dephenolize cotton dregs 5%~15%, double-low rapeseed meal 10%~20%, Strong flour 10%~30%, corn protein powder 5%~10%, rice bran 10%~20%, phosphatide oil 0.5%~1%, soya-bean oil 1%~3%, B B-complex 0.2%~0.5%, composite mineral matter 1.0%~2.0%, phagostimulant 0.3%~1.0%, vitamin C phosphoric ester 0.1%~0.3%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1%~3%, mould inhibitor 0.01%~0.05%, privilege emperor 0.2%~0.8%, Choline Chloride 0.05%~0.15%, vitamin E 0.01%~0.03%, each component sum is 100%.
Further, above-mentioned a kind of mixed feed that improves gift tilapia fertility of parent fish, by following percentage by weight component, made: fish meal 7%~12%, dregs of beans 15%~25%, dephenolize cotton dregs 7%~12%, double-low rapeseed meal 14%~18%, Strong flour 15%~25%, corn protein powder 7%~9%, rice bran 12%~18%, phosphatide oil 0.5%~1%, soya-bean oil 2%, B B-complex 0.2%~0.5%, composite mineral matter 1.0%~2.0%, phagostimulant 0.3%~1.0%, vitamin C phosphoric ester 0.1%~0.3%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 2%, mould inhibitor 0.01%~0.05%, privilege emperor 0.2%~0.8%, Choline Chloride 0.05%~0.15%, vitamin E 0.01%~0.03%, each component sum is 100%.
Further, above-mentioned a kind of mixed feed that improves gift tilapia fertility of parent fish, the F21V omnivorefish vitamin premix that described vitamin premix provides for Guangdong Tong Wei feed corporation,Ltd; Described phagostimulant is nucleotides, alanine and the glycine mixture that 1:5:5 mixes in mass ratio; The F29M omnivorefish microelement pre-mix material that described microelement pre-mix material provides for Guangdong Tong Wei feed corporation,Ltd; Described mould inhibitor is " mould must gram " mould inhibitor that Wan Kang bio tech ltd, Guilin City produces.
For a technical problem after solving, another technical scheme provided by the invention is such: the preparation method of the mixed feed of this raising gift tilapia fertility of parent fish, comprises the steps: successively
1) by following mass percent, take each component, fish meal 5%~15%, dregs of beans 10%~30%, dephenolize cotton dregs 5%~15%, double-low rapeseed meal 10%~20%, Strong flour 10%~30%, corn protein powder 5%~10%, rice bran 10%~20%, phosphatide oil 0.5%~1%, soya-bean oil 1%~3%, B B-complex 0.2%~0.5%, composite mineral matter 1.0%~2.0%, phagostimulant 0.3%~1.0%, vitamin C phosphoric ester 0.1%~0.3%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1%~3%, mould inhibitor 0.01%~0.05%, privilege emperor 0.2%~0.8%, Choline Chloride 0.05%~0.15%, vitamin E 0.01%~0.03%, each component sum is 100%, fully mix, obtain premix A,
2) by step 1) premix A mixes after pulverizing again, then through micronizer pulverizing, smashing fineness reaches 95% and crosses 80 eye mesh screens, obtains premix B;
3) premix B is modulated to the water content 13%~25% of premix B by modem, feed slaking, by cooling after drying, is packed.
Further, the mixed feed preparation method of above-mentioned raising gift tilapia fertility of parent fish, described modulation is 85~98 ℃ of temperature.
Further, the mixed feed preparation method of above-mentioned raising gift tilapia fertility of parent fish, 50~60 ℃ of described bake out temperatures.
Compared with prior art, technical scheme provided by the invention has the following advantages:
1. the present invention is in conjunction with gift tilapia parent population body nourishment, select safe and high quality feedstuff, and effectively in conjunction with current aquatic livestock nutrient research field up-to-date " the micro-balancing technique of amino acid " and " the micro-balancing technique of aliphatic acid ", develop reasonable mixture ratio, comprehensive nutrition, healthy and safe Tilapia mossambica parent population feed.
2. in parent population feed of the present invention, add the nutritional labelings such as vitamin C acetate, vitamin E, can increase Tilapia mossambica Gunther parent fish spawning amount, incubation rate etc., improved its fertility.
3. parent population feed of the present invention has added Choline Chloride, phosphatide wet goods nutritional labeling, and the metabolism that can improve fish liver fat reduces the generation of fish body fat liver, is conducive to maintain fish body healthy, thereby improves reproductive capacity.
4. the raw materials used source of parent population feed of the present invention is sufficient, and production technology is simple.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the specific embodiment, claim of the present invention is described in further detail, but does not form any limitation of the invention, the limited modification that anyone makes within the scope of the claims in the present invention, still in claim protection domain of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of gift tilapia fertility of parent fish mixed feed that improves provided by the invention consists of the component of following mass number: fish meal 5kg, dregs of beans 30kg, dephenolize cotton dregs 15kg, double-low rapeseed meal 12kg, corn protein powder 5kg, Strong flour 12.19kg, rice bran 15kg, phosphatide oil 0.5kg, soya-bean oil 1.5kg, B B-complex 0.2kg, composite mineral matter 1.0kg, (phagostimulant is nucleotides to phagostimulant, alanine and the glycine mixture that 1:5:5 mixes in mass ratio) 1kg, vitamin C phosphoric ester 0.2kg, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1kg, mould inhibitor (" mould must gram " mould inhibitor that Wan Kang bio tech ltd, Guilin City produces) 0.02kg, privilege emperor 0.25kg, Choline Chloride 0.07kg, vitamin E 0.03kg.
Embodiment 2
Another kind provided by the invention can improve gift tilapia fertility of parent fish mixed feed and consist of the component of following mass number: fish meal 10kg, dregs of beans 10kg, dephenolize cotton dregs 5kg, double-low rapeseed meal 20kg, Strong flour 30kg, rice bran 10kg, phosphatide oil 1.0kg, soya-bean oil 1kg, B B-complex 0.3kg, corn protein powder 8.2kg, composite mineral matter 1.5kg, (described phagostimulant is nucleotides to phagostimulant, alanine and the glycine mixture that 1:5:5 mixes in mass ratio) 0.3kg, vitamin C phosphoric ester 0.3kg, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 2kg, mould inhibitor (" mould must gram " mould inhibitor that Wan Kang bio tech ltd, Guilin City produces) 0.05kg, privilege emperor 0.25kg, Choline Chloride 0.07kg, vitamin E 0.03kg.
Embodiment 3
Another kind provided by the invention can improve gift tilapia fertility of parent fish mixed feed and consist of the component of following mass number: fish meal 10kg, dregs of beans 21.77kg, dephenolize cotton dregs 12kg, double-low rapeseed meal 20kg, corn protein powder 8kg, Strong flour 10kg, rice bran 10kg, phosphatide oil 0.8kg, soya-bean oil 2kg, B B-complex 0.5kg, composite mineral matter 2.0kg, (described phagostimulant is nucleotides to phagostimulant, alanine and the glycine mixture that 1:5:5 mixes in mass ratio) 0.5kg, vitamin C phosphoric ester 0.1kg, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 2kg, mould inhibitor (" mould must gram " mould inhibitor that Wan Kang bio tech ltd, Guilin City produces) 0.05kg, privilege emperor 0.20kg, Choline Chloride 0.05kg, vitamin E 0.03kg.
Embodiment 4
Another kind provided by the invention can improve gift tilapia fertility of parent fish mixed feed and consist of the component of following mass number: fish meal 15kg, dregs of beans 10kg, dephenolize cotton dregs 5kg, corn protein powder 10kg, double-low rapeseed meal 10kg, Strong flour 26.77kg, rice bran 13kg, phosphatide oil 0.5kg, soya-bean oil 3kg, B B-complex 0.2kg, composite mineral matter 2.0kg, (described phagostimulant is nucleotides to phagostimulant, alanine and the glycine mixture that 1:5:5 mixes in mass ratio) 0.3kg, vitamin C phosphoric ester 0.2kg, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 3kg, mould inhibitor (" mould must gram " mould inhibitor that Wan Kang bio tech ltd, Guilin City produces) 0.01kg, privilege emperor 0.8kg, Choline Chloride 0.01kg, vitamin E 0.01kg.
In embodiment 1 to 4, any one group of preparation method who improves gift tilapia fertility of parent fish mixed feed is: after above-mentioned raw materials is accurately weighed, carry out Primary batching system and mixed once, mixing is once pulverized by pulverizer, carrying out second batch and secondary mixing, after mixing, through micronizer, pulverize (95% by 80 eye mesh screens) again.After ultramicro grinding, by modem, modulate (85~98 ℃ of refining temperatures, modulation moisture 13%~25%), feed slaking is dried (50~60 ℃ of bake out temperatures) rear cooling, packing by appropriateness.
For better explanation effect of the present invention and effect, the culture experiment of the mixed feed that the improved gift tilapia parent population fertility providing in embodiment 2 is provided below to gift tilapia parent population.
On employing market, the good two kinds of gift tilapia parent population mixed feeds of public praise and this technological invention cultivate contrast experiment, by the mixed feed of this technological invention and two kinds of market business feeds respectively label be A, B and C, subjects is selected the milter of initial body weight 710 ± 37g and the raun of 636 ± 24g, each mating net cage is put milter 200 tails in a suitable place to breed, raun 80 tails, throw something and feed respectively A, B, tri-kinds of mixed feeds of C, each processed group is established 3 repetitions, culture-cycle is 2 months, and experimental result is as table 1.
Table 1
Group A B C
Rate of body weight gain (%) 8.7±1.2 7.3±1.6 7.9±0.9
Each net cage egg laying amount (ml) 348.3±102.5 a 264.1±89.1 bc 282.8±85.6 b
Incubation rate (%) 84.6±13.1 a 76.9±12.7 b 78.3±15.4 b
Note: the different lowercase alphabets of the subscript of going together in table show significant difference (P < 0.05).
As known from Table 1, each processes Tilapia mossambica parent population rate of body weight gain without conspicuousness impact (P > 0.05), but egg laying amount, the incubation rate of A group Tilapia mossambica parent population are significantly higher than B group and C group (P < 0.05).As can be seen here, according to the gift tilapia parent population feed of this case method preparation gift tilapia parent population of feeding, can significantly improve the reproductive capacity of gift tilapia parent population.
Above-described is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, all any modifications of doing within the scope of the spirit and principles in the present invention, is equal to and replaces and improvement etc., within all should being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a mixed feed that improves gift tilapia fertility of parent fish, it is characterized in that: it is made by following percentage by weight component: fish meal 5%~15%, dregs of beans 10%~30%, dephenolize cotton dregs 5%~15%, double-low rapeseed meal 10%~20%, Strong flour 10%~30%, corn protein powder 5%~10%, rice bran 10%~20%, phosphatide oil 0.5%~1%, soya-bean oil 1%~3%, vitamin premix 0.2%~0.5%, microelement pre-mix material 1.0%~2.0%, phagostimulant 0.3%~1.0%, vitamin C phosphoric ester 0.1%~0.3%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1%~3%, mould inhibitor 0.01~0.05%, privilege emperor 0.2%~0.8%, Choline Chloride 0.05%~0.15%, vitamin E 0.01%~0.03%, each component sum is 100%.
2. a kind of mixed feed that improves gift tilapia fertility of parent fish according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: it is made by following percentage by weight component: fish meal 7%~12%, dregs of beans 15%~25%, dephenolize cotton dregs 7%~12%, double-low rapeseed meal 14%~18%, Strong flour 15%~25%, corn protein powder 7%~9%, rice bran 12%~18%, phosphatide oil 0.5%~1%, soya-bean oil 2%, B B-complex 0.2%~0.5%, composite mineral matter 1.0%~2.0%, phagostimulant 0.3%~1.0%, vitamin C phosphoric ester 0.1%~0.3%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 2%, mould inhibitor 0.01%~0.05%, privilege emperor 0.2%~0.8%, Choline Chloride 0.05%~0.15%, vitamin E 0.01%~0.03%, each component sum is 100%.
3. a kind of mixed feed that improves gift tilapia fertility of parent fish according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the F21V omnivorefish vitamin premix that described vitamin premix provides for Guangdong Tong Wei feed corporation,Ltd.
4. a kind of mixed feed that improves gift tilapia fertility of parent fish according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described phagostimulant is nucleotides, alanine and the glycine mixture that 1:5:5 mixes in mass ratio.
5. a kind of mixed feed that improves gift tilapia fertility of parent fish according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the F29M omnivorefish microelement pre-mix material that described microelement pre-mix material provides for Guangdong Tong Wei feed corporation,Ltd.
6. a kind of mixed feed that improves gift tilapia fertility of parent fish according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described mould inhibitor is " mould must gram " mould inhibitor that Wan Kang bio tech ltd, Guilin City produces.
7. the mixed feed method of preparation raising gift tilapia fertility of parent fish claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the method comprises the steps: successively
1) by mass percent claimed in claim 1, take each component, fully mix, obtain premix A;
2) by step 1) premix A mixes after pulverizing again, then through micronizer pulverizing, smashing fineness reaches 95% and crosses 80 eye mesh screens, obtains premix B;
3) premix B is modulated to the water content 13%~25% of premix B by modem, feed slaking, by cooling after drying, is packed.
8. the mixed feed preparation method of raising gift tilapia fertility of parent fish according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described modulation is 85~98 ℃ of temperature.
9. the mixed feed preparation method of raising gift tilapia fertility of parent fish according to claim 7, is characterized in that, 50~60 ℃ of described bake out temperatures.
CN201410308700.7A 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 Compound feed capable of improving reproductive capacity of Oreochromis niloticus parent fish and preparation method thereof CN104171488A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104872456A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-09-02 广东通威饲料有限公司 Universal fixed feed for grass carp and tilapia parent fish and preparation method thereof
CN104872457A (en) * 2015-06-23 2015-09-02 通威股份有限公司 Mixed feed for improving streptococcus resistance of tilapia
CN104996829A (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-10-28 通威股份有限公司 Tilapia feed in high temperature phase
CN105076877A (en) * 2015-09-17 2015-11-25 通威股份有限公司 Schizothorax prenanti parent fish feed

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2006271337A (en) * 2005-03-30 2006-10-12 Univ Kinki Fish dietary feed additive and fish dietary feed containing the same
CN101473904A (en) * 2009-01-19 2009-07-08 中山大学 Tilapia feed formula
CN101611764A (en) * 2009-07-15 2009-12-30 无锡华诺威动物保健品有限公司 A kind of compound aquatic product feeding promoting agent
CN102813089A (en) * 2012-08-23 2012-12-12 中国水产科学研究院长江水产研究所 High-effective compound feed for late stage of tilapia cultivation and preparation method thereof
CN103300255A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-09-18 西双版纳华坤生物科技有限责任公司 Application of rubber seedcake in tilapia formula feed and formula of tilapia formula feed

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2006271337A (en) * 2005-03-30 2006-10-12 Univ Kinki Fish dietary feed additive and fish dietary feed containing the same
CN101473904A (en) * 2009-01-19 2009-07-08 中山大学 Tilapia feed formula
CN101611764A (en) * 2009-07-15 2009-12-30 无锡华诺威动物保健品有限公司 A kind of compound aquatic product feeding promoting agent
CN102813089A (en) * 2012-08-23 2012-12-12 中国水产科学研究院长江水产研究所 High-effective compound feed for late stage of tilapia cultivation and preparation method thereof
CN103300255A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-09-18 西双版纳华坤生物科技有限责任公司 Application of rubber seedcake in tilapia formula feed and formula of tilapia formula feed

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104872456A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-09-02 广东通威饲料有限公司 Universal fixed feed for grass carp and tilapia parent fish and preparation method thereof
CN104872457A (en) * 2015-06-23 2015-09-02 通威股份有限公司 Mixed feed for improving streptococcus resistance of tilapia
CN104996829A (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-10-28 通威股份有限公司 Tilapia feed in high temperature phase
CN105076877A (en) * 2015-09-17 2015-11-25 通威股份有限公司 Schizothorax prenanti parent fish feed

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