CN104171455A - Total mixed ration formulas for cows, and feeding technology thereof - Google Patents

Total mixed ration formulas for cows, and feeding technology thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104171455A
CN104171455A CN201310198026.7A CN201310198026A CN104171455A CN 104171455 A CN104171455 A CN 104171455A CN 201310198026 A CN201310198026 A CN 201310198026A CN 104171455 A CN104171455 A CN 104171455A
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cows
formula
fed
stirred
milk cow
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CN201310198026.7A
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李玉军
杨增祥
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SHANDONG LAND DAIRY Co Ltd
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SHANDONG LAND DAIRY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to the composition of total mixed rations (TMR) for cows, in particular to total mixed ration formulas for cows, and a feeding technology thereof. The formulas and the technology thereof provided by the invention can achieve the optimal feeding effects. For the cows within 30 days postpartum, the ration formula comprises the following components of a concentrated feed, corn tablets, alfalfa, whole corn silage, beet pellet dregs, baking soda, Optigen, Mycosorb, Yeast Culture and water, the corresponding quantities of the components are adjusted, and the feed prepared by the formula is crushed, stirred and divided into five parts to be fed to the cows; for the cows in early lactation, after the corresponding quantities of the components are adjusted, the feed is divided into six parts to be fed to the cows; for the cows in medium lactation, the feed is crushed, stirred and divided into three parts to be fed to the cows; and for the cows in late lactation, the feed is crushed, stirred and divided into three parts to be fed to the cows. By adopting the technology, the total mixed ration with balanced nutrition is obtained and is fed to the cows freely, and the food consumption of the cows can be increased, so that the problem of negative balance of the nutrition of the cows during the peak period of lactation is solved.

Description

Milk cow TRM formula and breeding technology thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of milk cow TMR forage compounding, be specifically related to a kind of milk cow TRM formula and breeding technology thereof.
Background technology
The quality of milk production of cow and milk and raise competence, formula, breeding technology are closely related, and the formula of different formulations, different phase all affects milk production of cow.The output of milk of milk cow and butterfat percnetage have very large difference.In the middle of numerous dairy breads, holstein cow is the kind that the output of milk is higher, but its butterfat percnetage is relatively low.As the output of milk of holstein cow, between 3000-12000 kilogram, butterfat percnetage is 2.6-6.0%.Its absolute milk production of individuality that body weight is large is higher than the little person of body weight.In certain limit, 100 kilograms of the every increases of body weight, milk yield improves 1000 kilograms.But be not that the larger output of milk of body weight is higher, in same body weight situation, affect output because have 1, feed kind and the feeding method of feeding and management milk cow, the output of milk is had to impact.But the wherein supply of nutriment is the most obvious on the impact of milk production, and different types of feed and mixing ratio thereof, quality and quantity on cow producing milk have impact.1. the impact of concentrated feed on the output of milk.In raising dairy cattle, concentrated feed mainly meets the nutritional need of giving milk of milk cow.Contain the phase in lactation, because the output of milk is in the rising stage, and the increase of feed intake is slower than the increase of the output of milk, and milk cow is in negative energy balance.If concentrated feed is fed quantity not sufficient, can extend the negative energy balance phase of milk cow, shorten the peak period that makes to give milk, and affects the output of milk of whole parity.But the concentrated feed amount of feeding can not be too many, can make too much milk cow that metabolic disease (as poisoning in rumenic acid, ketosis etc.) occurs, and cause the disease such as mammitis and founder.Therefore to consider the factors such as the dry ratio of smart roughage.2. the impact of roughage on the output of milk.The output of milk of milk cow depends on kind and the quality of dry food-intake and roughage in sizable degree.Roughage is of poor quality, and feed intake deficiency not only affects milk cow stable and high yields, and butterfat percnetage is declined, and can cause numerous disease, as slow, the endometritis in retention of afterbirth, postpartum uterus, limb hoof disease etc., so all can affect milk yield.It is extensive that the raising of milk cow at present belongs to, and there is no the method for breeding of the proportioning science of science, more do not adjust stage by stage the fixed mode of formula and method for breeding.Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention is just to provide one can adjust best TMR forage compounding according to different phase, reaches the best and feeds, and improves milk cow TRM formula and the breeding technology thereof of the quality of the output of milk and milk.Its technical scheme is: milk cow TRM formula and breeding technology thereof, for the milk cow within 30 days postpartum, this stage Diet Formula (taking weight km) is concentrated feed 9-12, corn compressing tablet 1-3, clover 5-9, whole corn silage 14-17, beet pellet 1.5-3.5, sodium bicarbonate 0.1-0.2, Ao Youjin 0.07-0.09, mould 0.01-0.03, Yikang xp0.1-0.14, the water 6-8 of inhaling, and the fodder crushing of this formula is stirred and point fed for five times; For the early stage milk cow of lactation, it is the milk cow in 30-100 days postpartum, this stage Diet Formula (taking weight km) is concentrated feed 10-12, corn compressing tablet 1-3, clover 5-9, whole corn silage 14.5-18.5, beet pellet 2-4, sodium bicarbonate 0.1-0.2, Ao Youjin 0.07-0.09, mould 0.01-0.03, Yikang xp0.1-0.14, the water 6-8 of inhaling, and the fodder crushing of this formula is stirred to point six nursings; For the lactation ox in mid-term, it is the milk cow in 100-200 days postpartum, this stage Diet Formula (taking weight km) is concentrated feed 10-11, corn compressing tablet 1-3, clover 5-7, whole corn silage 14-18, beet pellet 1-3, sodium bicarbonate 0.1-0.2, Ao Youjin 0.04-0.06, mould 0.01-0.03, Yikang xp0.1-0.14, the water 5-6 of inhaling, and the fodder crushing of this formula is stirred and point fed for three times.For the ox of late lactation, it is the milk cow in 200-305 days postpartum, this stage Diet Formula (taking weight km) is concentrated feed 9-11, corn compressing tablet 0.04-0.06, clover 5-7, whole corn silage 14-18, beet pellet 1-3, sodium bicarbonate 0.1-0.2, Ao Youjin 0.04-0.06, mould 0.01-0.03, Yikang xp0.1-0.14, the water 4-6 of inhaling, and the fodder crushing of this formula is stirred and point fed for three times.
After adopting above-mentioned technology, because TRM is according to the milk cow nutritional need in different raising stages, the roughage of prescinding and concentrated feed and various additive in accordance with the appropriate ratio, in stirring feeding vehicle, feed fully mixes, obtain the adequate diet of nutrient balance for ox free choice feeding, can increase cow feeding amount, solve cow and contain phase nutrition negative balance problem in lactation; Secondly, can simplify raising program, make every ox obtain cheap balanced feed, can avoid the fine fodder overfeeding that milk cow is caused due to search for food respectively coarse fodder and fine fodder in the past, coarse fodder is searched for food not enough so that is caused cud dysfunction to make the output of milk, butterfat percnetage decline and the shortcomings such as disease of digestive tract occur.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1, milk cow TRM formula and breeding technology thereof, for the milk cow within 30 days postpartum, this stage Diet Formula (taking weight km) as: concentrated feed 9, corn compressing tablet 1, clover 5, whole corn silage 14, beet pellet 1.5, sodium bicarbonate 0.1, Ao Youjin 0.07, mouldly inhale 0.01, Yikang xp0.1, water 6, the fodder crushing of this formula is stirred and point is fed for five times; For the early stage milk cow of lactation, it is the milk cow in 30-100 days postpartum, this stage Diet Formula (taking weight km) as concentrated feed 10, corn compressing tablet 1, clover 5 whole corn silages 14.5, beet pellet 2, sodium bicarbonate 0.1, Ao Youjin 0.07, mouldly inhale 0.01, Yikang xp0.1, water 6, the fodder crushing of this formula is stirred and point is fed for six times; For the lactation ox in mid-term, it is the milk cow in 100-200 days postpartum, this stage Diet Formula (taking weight km) as: concentrated feed 10, corn compressing tablet 1, clover 5, whole corn silage 14, beet pellet 1, sodium bicarbonate 0.1, Ao Youjin 0.04, mouldly inhale 0.01, Yikang xp0.1, water 5, the fodder crushing of this formula is stirred and point is fed for three times.For the ox of late lactation, it is the milk cow in 200-305 days postpartum, this stage Diet Formula (taking weight km) as: concentrated feed 9, corn compressing tablet 0.04, clover 5, whole corn silage 14, beet pellet 1, sodium bicarbonate 0.1, Ao Youjin 0.04, mouldly inhale 0.01, Yikang xp0.1, water 4, the fodder crushing of this formula is stirred and point is fed for three times.
Embodiment 2, milk cow TRM formula and breeding technology thereof, for the milk cow within 30 days postpartum, this stage Diet Formula (taking weight km) as: concentrated feed 10.5, corn compressing tablet 2, clover 7, whole corn silage 15.5, beet pellet 2.5, sodium bicarbonate 0.15, Ao Youjin 0.08, mouldly inhale 0.02, Yikang xp0.12, water 7, the fodder crushing of this formula is stirred and point is fed for five times; For the early stage milk cow of lactation, it is the milk cow in 30-100 days postpartum, this stage Diet Formula (taking weight km) as concentrated feed 11, corn compressing tablet 2, clover 7, whole corn silage 16.5, beet pellet 3, sodium bicarbonate 0.15, Ao Youjin 0.08, mouldly inhale 0.02, Yikang xp0.12, water 7, the fodder crushing of this formula is stirred and point is fed for six times; For the lactation ox in mid-term, it is the milk cow in 100-200 days postpartum, this stage Diet Formula (taking weight km) as: concentrated feed 10.5, corn compressing tablet 2, clover 6, whole corn silage 15, beet pellet 2, sodium bicarbonate 0.15, Ao Youjin 0.05, mouldly inhale 0.02, Yikang xp0.12, water 7, the fodder crushing of this formula is stirred and point is fed for three times.For the ox of late lactation, it is the milk cow in 200-305 days postpartum, this stage Diet Formula (taking weight km) as: concentrated feed 10, corn compressing tablet 0.05, clover 6, whole corn silage 16, beet pellet 2, sodium bicarbonate 0.15, Ao Youjin 0.05, mouldly inhale 0.02, Yikang xp0.12, water 5, the fodder crushing of this formula is stirred and point is fed for three times.
Embodiment 3, milk cow TRM formula and breeding technology thereof, for the milk cow within 30 days postpartum, this stage Diet Formula (taking weight km) as: concentrated feed 12, corn compressing tablet 3, clover 9, whole corn silage 17, beet pellet 3.5, sodium bicarbonate 0.2, Ao Youjin 0.09, mouldly inhale 0.03, Yikang xp0.14, water 8, the fodder crushing of this formula is stirred and point is fed for five times; For the early stage milk cow of lactation, it is the milk cow in 30-100 days postpartum, this stage Diet Formula (taking weight km) as concentrated feed 12, corn compressing tablet 3, clover 9, whole corn silage 18.5, beet pellet 4, sodium bicarbonate 0.2, Ao Youjin 0.09, mouldly inhale 0.03, Yikang xp0.14, water 8, the fodder crushing of this formula is stirred and point is fed for six times; For the lactation ox in mid-term, it is the milk cow in 100-200 days postpartum, this stage Diet Formula (taking weight km) as: concentrated feed 11, corn compressing tablet 3, clover 7, whole corn silage 18, beet pellet 3, sodium bicarbonate 0.2, Ao Youjin 0.06, mouldly inhale 0.03, Yikang xp0.14, water 6, the fodder crushing of this formula is stirred and point is fed for three times.For the ox of late lactation, it is the milk cow in 200-305 days postpartum, this stage Diet Formula (taking weight km) as: concentrated feed 11, corn compressing tablet 0.06, clover 7, whole corn silage 18, beet pellet 3, sodium bicarbonate 0.2, Ao Youjin 0.06, mouldly inhale 0.03, Yikang xp0.14, water 6, the fodder crushing of this formula is stirred and point is fed for three times.

Claims (2)

1. a milk cow TRM is filled a prescription and breeding technology, it is characterized in that: for the milk cow within 30 days postpartum, this stage Diet Formula (taking weight km) is concentrated feed 9-12, corn compressing tablet 1-3, clover 5-9, whole corn silage 14-17, beet pellet 1.5-3.5, sodium bicarbonate 0.1-0.2, Ao Youjin 0.07-0.09, mould 0.01-0.03, Yikang xp0.1-0.14, the water 6-8 of inhaling, and the fodder crushing of this formula is stirred and point fed for five times; For the early stage milk cow of lactation, it is the milk cow in 30-100 days postpartum, this stage Diet Formula (taking weight km) is concentrated feed 10-12, corn compressing tablet 1-3, clover 5-9, whole corn silage 14.5-18.5, beet pellet 2-4, sodium bicarbonate 0.1-0.2, Ao Youjin 0.07-0.09, mould 0.01-0.03, Yikang xp0.1-0.14, the water 6-8 of inhaling, and the fodder crushing of this formula is stirred to point six nursings; For the lactation ox in mid-term, it is the milk cow in 100-200 days postpartum, this stage Diet Formula (taking weight km) is concentrated feed 10-11, corn compressing tablet 1-3, clover 5-7, whole corn silage 14-18, beet pellet 1-3, sodium bicarbonate 0.1-0.2, Ao Youjin 0.04-0.06, mould 0.01-0.03, Yikang xp0.1-0.14, the water 5-6 of inhaling, and the fodder crushing of this formula is stirred and point fed for three times.
2. milk cow TRM formula according to claim 1 and breeding technology thereof, it is characterized in that: for the ox of late lactation, it is the milk cow in 200-305 days postpartum, this stage Diet Formula (taking weight km) is concentrated feed 9-11, corn compressing tablet 0.04-0.06, clover 5-7, whole corn silage 14-18, beet pellet 1-3, sodium bicarbonate 0.1-0.2, Ao Youjin 0.04-0.06, mould 0.01-0.03, Yikang xp0.1-0.14, the water 4-6 of inhaling, and the fodder crushing of this formula is stirred and point fed for three times.
CN201310198026.7A 2013-05-26 2013-05-26 Total mixed ration formulas for cows, and feeding technology thereof Pending CN104171455A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105638568A (en) * 2016-03-03 2016-06-08 曲靖创亿农牧有限公司 Beef cattle breeding method
CN107211958A (en) * 2017-07-07 2017-09-29 宣汉县蜀宣花牛养殖专业合作社 A kind of another name for Sichuan Province a surname flower ox cow concentrates method for breeding
CN111543554A (en) * 2020-05-28 2020-08-18 北京艺亩农林科技有限公司 Feed formula for lactating cattle
CN112868916A (en) * 2019-11-29 2021-06-01 内蒙古伊利实业集团股份有限公司 Daily ration formula feed for reducing body condition of young cattle and preparation method thereof
CN116019057A (en) * 2023-02-09 2023-04-28 河北省农林科学院粮油作物研究所 Milk secretion cow feeding method for producing high-quality fresh milk

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101214012A (en) * 2008-01-02 2008-07-09 大连中植环境生物科技有限公司 Cow concentrated feed confected by hybridization Chinese holley leaf
CN101965928A (en) * 2010-10-22 2011-02-09 天津嘉立荷饲料有限公司 Milk cow feed
CN102845622A (en) * 2011-06-30 2013-01-02 刘晓州 Feed formula of cow during lactating peak
CN102960298A (en) * 2012-11-23 2013-03-13 江西省大富乳业集团有限公司 Breeding method for improving yield and quality of milk of cows in mountain areas of south China

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101214012A (en) * 2008-01-02 2008-07-09 大连中植环境生物科技有限公司 Cow concentrated feed confected by hybridization Chinese holley leaf
CN101965928A (en) * 2010-10-22 2011-02-09 天津嘉立荷饲料有限公司 Milk cow feed
CN102845622A (en) * 2011-06-30 2013-01-02 刘晓州 Feed formula of cow during lactating peak
CN102960298A (en) * 2012-11-23 2013-03-13 江西省大富乳业集团有限公司 Breeding method for improving yield and quality of milk of cows in mountain areas of south China

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105638568A (en) * 2016-03-03 2016-06-08 曲靖创亿农牧有限公司 Beef cattle breeding method
CN107211958A (en) * 2017-07-07 2017-09-29 宣汉县蜀宣花牛养殖专业合作社 A kind of another name for Sichuan Province a surname flower ox cow concentrates method for breeding
CN112868916A (en) * 2019-11-29 2021-06-01 内蒙古伊利实业集团股份有限公司 Daily ration formula feed for reducing body condition of young cattle and preparation method thereof
CN112868916B (en) * 2019-11-29 2022-11-11 内蒙古伊利实业集团股份有限公司 Daily ration formula feed for reducing body condition of young cattle and preparation method thereof
CN111543554A (en) * 2020-05-28 2020-08-18 北京艺亩农林科技有限公司 Feed formula for lactating cattle
CN116019057A (en) * 2023-02-09 2023-04-28 河北省农林科学院粮油作物研究所 Milk secretion cow feeding method for producing high-quality fresh milk

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Application publication date: 20141203