CN104171088B - A kind of black tea fermenting and turning machine - Google Patents

A kind of black tea fermenting and turning machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104171088B
CN104171088B CN201410393767.5A CN201410393767A CN104171088B CN 104171088 B CN104171088 B CN 104171088B CN 201410393767 A CN201410393767 A CN 201410393767A CN 104171088 B CN104171088 B CN 104171088B
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China
Prior art keywords
turning
roller
black tea
turning machine
slide block
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201410393767.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104171088A (en
Inventor
肖宏儒
季顺中
宋志禹
丁文芹
韩余
杨光
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Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
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Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of black tea fermenting and turning machine, belong to agricultural machinery technological field.This machine is made up of the turning assembly be placed on walking assembly, walking assembly comprises the left and right bottom girder supporting forward and backward gantry support, turning assembly contains the turning lowering or hoisting gear depending on rear gantry support, and the column of rear gantry support both sides is respectively equipped with vertical track; Track is equipped with slide block, and the bearing block that slide block is connected supports rotatable turning roller; Roller comprises the roller body that fulcrum is extended at two ends respectively, the outer round surface both sides of roller body fix the contrary spiral plate of rotation direction respectively, and the inner roller body outer round surface interval along its hand of helix of spiral plate is fixed with by the face of overthrowing and the T-shaped stirring pawl formed perpendicular to the latch spoon in the face of overthrowing.The present invention can realize required even turning operation, automatically forms wet heap, and can avoid damaging tealeaves, is conducive to keeping its quality.

Description

A kind of black tea fermenting and turning machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of turning machine, especially a kind of black tea fermenting and turning machine, belongs to agricultural machinery technological field.
Background technology
The sweat of tealeaves determines its endoplasm and color, smell and taste type.For black tea, its sweat needs the regular hour, this technical process determines the exclusive endoplasm of black tea and color, smell and taste type, will carry out turning operation whenever reaching uniform temperature, makes the tealeaves of whole heap up and down can both uniform fermentation by turning operation.
According to the applicant understood, tealeaves turning device domestic is at present little, and tealeaves turning has nearly all been come by manpower, and the instrument of use is rake, spades etc., and labour intensity is large, and working condition is poor, and production efficiency is low, and sanitation and hygiene are lack of standardization.
Retrieval finds, application number is that the Chinese patent of ZL200820228977 discloses a kind of Puer tea fermenting turning device, this machine comprise self propelled chassis assembly, rotary harrow heap assembly, shovel material mechanism assembly, horizontal feed assembly, promote delivery assembly, the mechanism assembly that deblocks, cloth delivery assembly, water injection system assembly, hydraulic system assembly, operating desk and electrical apparatus control system assembly.Although this machine can realize mechanized operation, improve the production efficiency of turning operation, to reduce labor intensity, but not only complex structure, and the artificial rake of its rotary harrow simulation carries out rake to tea heap piles operation, tea block in the tea heap of front is squeezed, cause tea to be piled more tight, inner tealeaves is squeezed easily broken, and rotary harrow needs larger strength by tea heap rake pine, also easy tealeaves to be smashed, reduce the quality of tealeaves.
In addition, application number is that the Chinese patent of 201210303593.X discloses a kind of tea leaf fermentation turning machine, and this machine comprises frame, digging wheel, conveyer belt, deblocking machine, cross conveyor, road wheel and deflecting roller; Digging wheel two ends are fixed on frame front respectively by semiaxis, and its section is flaabellum shape, and flabellum top is provided with teeth, and two adjacent flabellums form the storage bin hopper of a U-shaped, storage bin hopper inwall are also provided with the round steel at the band tip of protrusion, as long tooth.This machine achieves and utilizes machinery that the Pu'er tea of pile-fermentation is carried out turning operation, tea group can be broken up, turning speed is fast, but insert tea heap below by teeth, the mode rotated is adopted to plough under in storage bin hopper by loose tealeaves, the wet heap shape that the tealeaves after turning cannot be made to keep original, needs the later stage by tea heap (wet heap) manually piling required cross section.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to: for above-mentioned prior art Problems existing, propose a kind of turning evenly, can the wet heap of self-assembling formation after turning, and to the undamaged black tea fermenting and turning machine of tealeaves.
In order to reach above object, black tea fermenting and turning machine of the present invention is made up of the turning assembly be placed on walking assembly, described walking assembly comprises before two ends support respectively, a left side for rear gantry support, right bottom girder, a described left side, before the bottom of right bottom girder is supported on respectively, on rear wheel, a described left side, driver's seat is settled on one of right bottom girder top, steering wheel and travel driving unit, described turning assembly contains the turning lowering or hoisting gear depending on rear gantry support, described turning lowering or hoisting gear comprises the column that rear gantry support both sides are respectively equipped with vertical guide rail, on described column, lower two ends support drive sprocket and driven sprocket respectively, described vertical guide rail is equipped with the slide block forming with it moving sets, and described slide block is connected bearing block, supports rotatable turning roller between diaxon bearing, described drive sprocket is connected with the motor-driven be supported on horizontal beam, and described slide block is connected with the chain around drive sprocket and driven sprocket, described roller comprises the roller body that fulcrum is extended at two ends respectively, the outer round surface both sides of described roller body fix the contrary spiral plate of rotation direction respectively, and the inner roller body outer round surface interval along its hand of helix of described spiral plate is fixed with by the face of overthrowing and the T-shaped stirring pawl formed perpendicular to the latch spoon in the face of overthrowing.
In the course of work, the proper height of earth bulging drives turning roller to arrive to realize ideal turning effect by lowering or hoisting gear and after can be gone beyond, when driving turning machine and advancing along the wet heap length direction of tealeaves, turning roller rotates with certain rotating speed, tealeaves is wet pile up the effect of turning roller both sides spiral plate under, constantly hold together toward centre, turned over throwing by the stirring pawl on roller surface afterwards, depart from roller; So continue, realize continuous print turning operation, sticky glutinous tea deblocking is shaken loose, allow tealeaves mixing that is middle and surrounding, improve the ventilation oxygen-supplying in tea heap and humidity regulation, make that the tealeaves of whole heap is upper and lower, can both ferment evenly in left and right.
When adopting the present invention to carry out turning operation, spiral plate plays material effect, tealeaves is gathered to cage in the middle part of roller, the tealeaves gathered then is dialled and is turned over by stirring pawl in rotary course, make it constantly dial under effect of turning over still according to spiral motion track simultaneously, thus the even turning operation needed for not only realizing, and automatically can form the shape of wet heap.Owing to no matter being spiral plate or stirring pawl, smooth flat is with the contact surface of tealeaves, especially stirring pawl surface also has one deck sheet rubber, in addition spiral trend guiding of taking advantage of a situation, dial and turn over tealeaves impact is not produced to tealeaves, therefore almost do not damage very little to tealeaves, its integrality can be ensured, be conducive to keeping its quality.And theory analysis and practice all prove, the spiral plate on the left and right both sides of turning roller and stirring pawl are backpitch structure, naturally tealeaves is made to draw close along helical trajectory to centre during rotation, still dish out along the hand of spiral when departing from roller at stirring pawl place, thus can automatically form wet heap under the acting in conjunction of inertia and gravity.
Further, the cross section of described vertical guide rail is the rectangle that both sides have circular arc notch, and the cross section of described slide block, in having the concave shape snapping in guide rail section grooves, has the circular arc matched with circular arc notch protruding in the groove in described concave shape cross section.
Further again, described slide block to be connected bearing block by connecting plate, and described connecting plate upper end is connected with the chain around drive sprocket and driven sprocket by contiguous block.
Also further, described in, sheet rubber is fixed in the face of overthrowing.By sheet rubber, tealeaves more effectively can be avoided impaired, ensures that it is complete like this.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is further illustrated.
Fig. 1 is the wet heap schematic diagram of tealeaves.
Fig. 2 is the A-A profile of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the perspective view of one embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 4 is the planar structure schematic diagram of Fig. 3 embodiment.
Fig. 5 is the top view of Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is the lifting device structure schematic diagram of Fig. 3 embodiment.
Fig. 7 is the C direction view of Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is the B direction view of Fig. 6.
Fig. 9 is the guide rail cross section structure schematic diagram of Fig. 6.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment one
The tea leaf fermentation turning machine basic structure of the present embodiment, as shown in Fig. 3,4,5, is made up of the turning assembly F be placed on walking assembly X.
Walking assembly X comprises left and right bottom girder x-3, x-4 formation that two ends support forward and backward gantry support x-1, x-2 respectively.The bottom of left and right bottom girder x-3, x-4 is supported on forward and backward wheel x-5, x-6 respectively.Driver's seat x-7, steering wheel x-8 and travel driving unit x-9 are settled in left bottom girder x-3 top.Turning assembly F contains the turning lowering or hoisting gear S depending on rear gantry support x-2.Row's shower nozzle 3 is equipped with on the top of rear gantry support x-2, thus can give the tealeaves humidification of turning as required.
Turning lowering or hoisting gear S, as shown in Fig. 6,7,8, comprises the column 5-1 that rear gantry support x-2 both sides are respectively equipped with vertical guide rail 8.The upper/lower terminal of column 5-1 supports drive sprocket 3-1 and driven sprocket 3-2 respectively; The slide block 9 forming with it moving sets vertical guide rail 8 is equipped with, the cross section of vertical guide rail 8 is the rectangle that both sides shown in Fig. 9 have circular arc notch, the cross section of slide block 9 is in having the concave shape snapping in guide rail section grooves, and it is protruding to have the circular arc matched with circular arc notch in the groove in concave shape cross section.Slide block 9 to be connected bearing block 10 by connecting plate 7, between two side shaft holders 10, to support rotatable turning roller 11.Drive sprocket 3-1 and the motor 1 be supported on horizontal beam 5-2 are in transmission connection by decelerator 2.Connecting plate 7 upper end be connected with slide block 9 is connected with the chain 4 around drive sprocket 3-1 and driven sprocket 3-2 by contiguous block 6.
Roller 11, see Fig. 6, comprises the roller body that fulcrum is extended at two ends respectively.The fulcrum at two ends is supported in corresponding bearing block 10 respectively.The outer round surface both sides of roller body fix the contrary spiral plate 11-2 of rotation direction respectively, and the inner roller body outer round surface interval along its hand of helix of spiral plate 11-2 is fixed with by the T-shaped stirring pawl overthrowing face 11-3 and form perpendicular to the latch spoon 11-4 in the face of overthrowing.The circumscribed circle diameter overthrowing face 11-3 equals the circumscribed circle diameter (see Fig. 8) of spiral plate 11-2.Face of the overthrowing 11-3 of the present embodiment and the included angle A of roller body axis are about 30 °, and the included angle B tangential with spiral is about 60 °.Test shows, such arranging can take into account dialling of tealeaves preferably and turn over and formed wet heap.In addition, sheet rubber 11-1 is fixed on the surface of overthrowing face 11-3.The outer rim of sheet rubber 11-1 exceeds the outward flange overthrowing face 11-3.The flexibility of sheet rubber and outer peripheral elastic deformation thereof are turned over more soft to dialling of tealeaves, are more conducive to avoiding tealeaves impaired, ensure tea leaf quality.
When the turning machine of the present embodiment works, gantry support is across the wet heap width of the tealeaves shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 both sides, by lowering or hoisting gear, turning roller is adjusted to proper height, advance along its length, turning roller is moving ahead with turning machine and in rotary course, tealeaves is first held together material towards middle part by spiral plate, then the tealeaves gathered is dialled and is turned over by stirring pawl in rotary course, and make it constantly dial under effect of turning over according to spiral motion track, arrive certain position and can depart from roller with the track of level throw motion, so continue to advance, constantly sticky glutinous tea deblocking is shaken loose, tealeaves that is middle and surrounding is allowed to mix, thus the ventilation oxygen-supplying improved in tea heap, make the tealeaves of whole heap upper and lower, left and right can both be fermented evenly, even turning operation needed for realization, and under the common action of holding together to expect and turn over throwing, automatically the basic new wet heap keeping original profile is again formed.
Practice shows, turning quality is relevant with turning roller rotating speed: the too fast then tangential force of turning roller rotating speed is excessive, easily causes the damage of tealeaves, and rotating speed crosses that slow then tangential force is too small, is difficult to again stir tealeaves, therefore should be determined by experiment suitable rotating speed.And turning effect is also relevant with the ratio of turning roller rotating speed with turning machine pace: advancing too fastly likely causes turning roller to push wet heap advancing, and pace is crossed then affects efficiency slowly.Experiment shows, when the ratio λ of its circumscribed circle place linear velocity and turning machine pace of overthrowing face of the decision of turning roller rotating speed controls to be advisable at 90-200, controls in 120-150 effect best.
Be summed up, the turning machine of the present embodiment has following major advantage:
1, walking assembly designs based on the cross sectional shape of the wet heap of tealeaves, and can effectively reducing the quantity of labour force and intensity, injuring infringement to tealeaves without scraping, simple to operate, operating efficiency is high.
2, frequency converting speed regulating three-phase asynchronous electromotor is adopted to control turning assembly, applicable rotating speed can be chosen according to the physical characteristic of different tealeaves, regulate corresponding tangential throwing to turn over power, reached not only fully turning but also do not destroyed the object of tealeaves integrality, whole heap tealeaves can both be fermented evenly.
3, the height of the conveniently adjusted turning roller of guide tracked lowering or hoisting gear, makes it not only can be in optimum position, and has obstacle climbing ability.
4, adopt front axle steering system, can turn in time after completing a line turning operation and enter next line, improve continuity and the efficiency of operation.
5, stirring pawl is connected with rubber slab, has both met dialling of turning and has turned over requirement, further ensured again tealeaves not impaired in turning process, improve the quality of turning operation.
In addition to the implementation, the present invention can also have other embodiments.All employings are equal to the technical scheme of replacement or equivalent transformation formation, all drop on the protection domain of application claims.

Claims (7)

1. a black tea fermenting and turning machine, be made up of the turning assembly be placed on walking assembly, it is characterized in that: described walking assembly comprises before two ends support respectively, a left side for rear gantry support, right bottom girder, a described left side, before the bottom of right bottom girder is supported on respectively, on rear wheel, a described left side, driver's seat is settled on one of right bottom girder top, steering wheel and travel driving unit, described turning assembly contains the turning lowering or hoisting gear depending on rear gantry support, described turning lowering or hoisting gear comprises the column that rear gantry support both sides are respectively equipped with vertical guide rail, on described column, lower two ends support drive sprocket and driven sprocket respectively, described vertical guide rail is equipped with the slide block forming with it moving sets, and described slide block is connected bearing block, supports rotatable turning roller between diaxon bearing, described drive sprocket is connected with the motor-driven be supported on horizontal beam, and described slide block is connected with the chain around drive sprocket and driven sprocket, described roller comprises the roller body that fulcrum is extended at two ends respectively, the outer round surface both sides of described roller body fix the contrary spiral plate of rotation direction respectively, and the inner roller body outer round surface interval along its hand of helix of described spiral plate is fixed with by the face of overthrowing and the T-shaped stirring pawl formed perpendicular to the latch spoon in the face of overthrowing.
2. black tea fermenting and turning machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the cross section of described vertical guide rail is the rectangle that both sides have circular arc notch, the cross section of described slide block, in having the concave shape snapping in guide rail section grooves, has the circular arc matched with circular arc notch protruding in the groove in described concave shape cross section.
3. black tea fermenting and turning machine according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described slide block to be connected bearing block by connecting plate, and described connecting plate upper end is connected with the chain around drive sprocket and driven sprocket by contiguous block.
4. the black tea fermenting and turning machine according to claim 1,2 or 3, is characterized in that: described in the face of overthrowing fix sheet rubber.
5. black tea fermenting and turning machine according to claim 4, is characterized in that: described in overthrow face circumscribed circle diameter equal the circumscribed circle diameter of spiral plate.
6. black tea fermenting and turning machine according to claim 5, is characterized in that: the outer rim of described sheet rubber exceeds the outward flange in the face of overthrowing.
7. black tea fermenting and turning machine according to claim 6, is characterized in that: described in overthrow face circumscribed circle place linear velocity control at 90-200 with the ratio of turning machine pace.
CN201410393767.5A 2014-08-11 2014-08-11 A kind of black tea fermenting and turning machine Expired - Fee Related CN104171088B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN104171088B true CN104171088B (en) 2016-04-13

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104705429A (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-06-17 梧州市天誉茶业有限公司 Automatic tea overturning machine
CN104719521A (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-06-24 梧州市天誉茶业有限公司 Improved automatic tea overturning machine

Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2867895Y (en) * 2005-12-23 2007-02-14 华南师范大学 Pu'er tea pile-turning device
CN201328338Y (en) * 2008-12-30 2009-10-21 云南省农业机械研究所 Puer tea fermenting turning device
CN201451196U (en) * 2009-07-17 2010-05-12 云南农业大学 Pu'er tea pile turning device
CN102318696B (en) * 2011-10-28 2013-01-09 浙江珠峰机械有限公司 Automatic piling device for dark tea
CN102783531A (en) * 2012-08-24 2012-11-21 云南省农业机械研究所 Tea pile turning machine
CN202697625U (en) * 2012-08-31 2013-01-30 云南省农业机械研究所 Lifting wheel for tea pile turner
CN204070375U (en) * 2014-08-11 2015-01-07 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 A kind of black tea fermenting and turning machine

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