CN104170701B - A kind of soil ball shape and the adjustable small-sized tree mover of size - Google Patents

A kind of soil ball shape and the adjustable small-sized tree mover of size Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104170701B
CN104170701B CN201410387388.5A CN201410387388A CN104170701B CN 104170701 B CN104170701 B CN 104170701B CN 201410387388 A CN201410387388 A CN 201410387388A CN 104170701 B CN104170701 B CN 104170701B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hole
ring
axle journal
sleeve
axle
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CN201410387388.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104170701A (en
Inventor
于向军
代智勇
陈登喜
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昆明学院
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Priority to CN201410387388.5A priority Critical patent/CN104170701B/en
Publication of CN104170701A publication Critical patent/CN104170701A/en
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Publication of CN104170701B publication Critical patent/CN104170701B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of soil ball shape and the adjustable small-sized tree mover of size, by generator, dolly, the first driving means, soil ball cone angle adjusting means, soil bulb diameter adjusting means and dig tree equipment form, generator, the first driving means, soil ball cone angle adjusting means, soil bulb diameter adjusting means and dig tree equipment be arranged on dolly;Tree is dug out by the bull reamer work digging tree equipment, and present configuration is simple, easily realizes procedure auto-control, easy to operate;Adapting to the nursery stock differed in size in the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground, soil ball shape and size are easy to adjust;The speed of cutting soil ball is fast, and operating efficiency is high, and the quality of soil ball is good, provides guarantee for improving transplanting survival rate of nursery stocks.

Description

A kind of soil ball shape and the adjustable small-sized tree mover of size
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of tree mover tool, particularly to a kind of soil ball shape and the adjustable small-sized tree mover of size.
Background technology
During urban afforestation and landscape architecture, need to dig out, from nursery, the nursery stock that the substantial amounts of diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground differs in size, transplant In avenue side or garden landscape, for improving transplanting survival rate of nursery stocks, the native ball shape of nursery stock of differing in size for the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground And size requirements is different, the nursery of dense planting is unsuitable for big machinery operation, uses that manual work not only efficiency is low takes With height, and nursery stock soil ball quality it is difficult to ensure that.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of soil ball shape and the adjustable small-sized tree mover of size.
The present invention be by generator, dolly, the first driving means, soil ball cone angle adjusting means, soil bulb diameter adjusting means and Dig tree equipment composition, generator, the first driving means, soil ball cone angle adjusting means, soil bulb diameter adjusting means and digging Tree equipment is arranged on dolly;
Described dolly is made up of vehicle frame, two driving wheels and a universal wheel, vehicle frame be provided with two the first longerons, two Second longeron, the 3rd longeron, first crossbeam, two second cross beams and two the 3rd crossbeams;Driving wheel is provided with inner hexagonal hole, Universal wheel is made up of support, the first thrust bearing and square flange;3rd longeron is provided with square flange, second cross beam Being provided with square flange, the 3rd crossbeam is provided with plain bearing housing;
The first described driving means be by brake and slow down one motor, electric machine support, drive axle, two there is flower Key shaft part semiaxis, two semiaxis sleeves, two the first self-lubricating bushings, two driving wheels, two the first thrust bearings, two Individual connector, two the second thrust bearings and two the first hex nut compositions, have splined shaft section semiaxis and be provided with outer-hexagonal axle Section, the first axle journal, the second axle journal and connection thread segment, semiaxis sleeve is provided with circular flange dish and square flange, connector It is provided with the first counterbore, the second counterbore and ears ring;
Described native ball cone angle adjusting means is by two cantilevered axle, two sliding bearing lids, bull stick, angled supports at quarter Becoming with an O type hand pin bank, cantilevered axle is provided with ring flange and axle journal, and bull stick is provided with ring flange, pin-and-hole and handle;It is carved with angle The support of degree is provided with square flange, arc groove and several pin-and-hole;
Described native bulb diameter adjusting means is by retainer ring, slip ring, the first hollow strut and tie, the second hollow strut and tie and Two O type hand pin bank become;Retainer ring is made up of the first semicircular ring, the second semicircular ring and two semi-cylindrical type spring leafs, the One semicircular ring is provided with four the first monaural rings and semicircle slideway, and the second semicircular ring is provided with four the first ears rings and semicircle slideway, Slip ring is made up of the first half slip rings, the second half slip rings and bearing pin, and the first half slip rings are provided with the second monaural ring and the 3rd monaural ring, The second half slip rings are provided with the 4th monaural ring and the second ears ring, and the first hollow strut and tie is provided with the 3rd ears ring and pin-and-hole, and second Hollow strut and tie is provided with the 4th ears ring and several pin-and-hole;
Described dig tree equipment be by box sill, entablature, slip box entablature, two screw rods, two long Cube nut, two bearings, four bolts, four U-shaped mild steel flat springs, two two ends be provided with ring flange the first sleeve, Two the second self-lubricating bushings, four the 3rd thrust bearings, two the second hex nuts, two slide bar cantilever beams, two two End is provided with the second sleeve of ring flange, two two ends are provided with the 3rd sleeve of ring flange, two the 3rd self-lubricating bushings, four 3rd hex nut, two the first belt wheels, the second belt wheel, transmission band, the first reducing motor, bull reamer, two the 4th Thrust bearing, two ends be provided with the 4th sleeve of ring flange, the 4th self-lubricating bushing, the 4th hex nut, shaft coupling, second Reducing motor and the second reducing motor support composition;Box sill be provided with square mounting hole, bull reamer install and moving hole, Two slide bar cantilever beams install axis hole, two screw rods installation axis holes;Entablature be provided with the 3rd reducing motor support moving hole, two Individual slide bar cantilever beam axis hole and two screw rods install elliptical aperture;Slip box entablature is made up of casing and two end caps, case Body is provided with two square mounting hole, axis hole installed by bull reamer, two slide bar cantilever beams install axis hole, two screw rods installation axles Hole, end cap is provided with J-shaped suspension;Screw rod is provided with motion thread section, the first axle journal and the second axle journal, the second axle journal free end It is provided with connection thread segment;Cuboid nut is provided with internal thread hole, two cantilevers, and cantilever is provided with internal thread hole;Bearing is provided with list Earrings and square flange, square flange is provided with two screwed holes;Slide bar cantilever beam is provided with the first thread segment, axle journal, cunning Bar segment, the second thread segment, the first cantilever beam shaft shoulder and the second cantilever beam shaft shoulder;Bull reamer be provided with the first axle journal, thread segment, Second axle journal, reamer section, conical section, first shaft shoulder and second shaft shoulder;Second reducing motor support is provided with installing hole and flange Dish;
The splined shaft section with splined shaft section semiaxis is connected with drive axle, and the first self-lubricating bushing wears and be fixed on semiaxis sleeve In, the half-axile sleeve jacket casing being fixed with the first self-lubricating bushing is located at there is the circular blue of splined shaft section semiaxis up to semiaxis sleeve Dish contacts with the axle housing of drive axle and is connected, and all bolts hole of square flange of semiaxis sleeve are square with vehicle frame second cross beam Ring flange all bolts hole coaxial bolts group is connected, and driving wheel inner hexagonal hole is sheathed on has splined shaft section semiaxis outer-hexagonal axle Section, the first thrust bearing is set on first axle journal with splined shaft section semiaxis, and connector is set in has splined shaft section half Axle makes its first counterbore be sheathed on the first thrust bearing, and the second thrust bearing is set in second axle with splined shaft section semiaxis On neck so that it is connector the second counterbore is in close contact, the first hex nut screws in the connection thread segment with splined shaft section semiaxis And pretension, all bolts hole of square flange of universal wheel are coaxial with all bolts hole of square flange of the 3rd longeron of vehicle frame Bolt group is connected;
Generator is fixed on vehicle frame, and electric machine support is fixed on two the second longerons of vehicle frame, and motor is fixed on motor On support, motor output shaft is coaxially connected through the power shaft in electric machine support hole with drive axle, and motor is fixed on motor and props up On frame;
Second self-lubricating bushing wears and is fixed in the first sleeve, inserts it from the square mounting hole of box sill casing In, making the first sleeve and screw rod that axis hole to be installed and coaxially and be connected, the first belt wheel is sheathed and is fixed on the first axle journal of screw rod, 3rd thrust bearing is sheathed on the second axle journal of screw rod, and the second axle journal of screw rod is arranged in the second self-lubricating bushing, will be another One the 3rd thrust bearing is sheathed on the second axle journal of screw rod again, and the second hex nut screws in the second axle journal of screw rod and connects spiral shell Line section pretension;
From the square mounting hole of box sill, the second sleeve is inserted in it, make the slide bar of the second sleeve and box sill Cantilever beam is installed axis hole and coaxially and is connected, and the axle journal of slide bar cantilever beam is arranged in the second sleeve, and the 3rd hex nut screws in sliding Bar cantilevers beam the first thread segment pretension, is fixed on end cap on the square mounting hole of box sill, and the second belt wheel is sheathed and solid Due to the first reducing motor output shaft end, the first reducing motor is fixed on the left surface of box sill, and transmission band is sheathed on On two the first belt wheels and the second belt wheel, cantilevered axle is fixed on before and after box sill on side by ring flange symmetry;
3rd self-lubricating bushing wears and is fixed in the 3rd sleeve, inserts from the square mounting hole of slip box entablature casing In it, making the 3rd sleeve and slide bar cantilever beam install axis hole and coaxially and be connected, the 4th self-lubricating bushing wears and is fixed on the 4th In sleeve, insert in it from the square mounting hole of slip box entablature casing, make the 4th sleeve coaxial with multi-head mincing cutter shaft hole And be connected, the 4th thrust bearing is sheathed on bull reamer the second axle journal, and the second axle journal of bull reamer is arranged in four selfs profit In sliding lining, being sheathed on bull reamer the second axle journal by another the 4th thrust bearing, the 4th hex nut screws in bull again Reamer thread segment pretension, a U-shaped mild steel flat spring is fixed on end cap, and another U-shaped mild steel flat spring symmetry is connected On the J-shaped suspension of end cap, bearing monaural ring set is located on the cantilever of cuboid nut, and bolt screws in the internal thread hole of cantilever Pretension, cuboid nut penetrates and forms end cap mounting assembly in the middle of two U-shaped mild steel flat springs, end cap is fixed on casing On square mounting hole, make cuboid nut and screw rod that axis hole to be installed coaxial, two screwed holes bolt corresponding with on casing of bearing Hole coaxial bolts group is connected;
It is coaxial with two slide bar cantilever beams respectively that axis hole installed by two slide bar cantilever beams of slip box entablature, two screw rod peaces Dress axis hole respectively with two screw coaxials, slip box entablature is snapped down to the interior of two screw rod upper ends and two cuboid nuts Under screwed hole, end in contact is only, synchronizes two screw rods of turn and makes slip box entablature move downwardly to the second of slide bar cantilever beam to hang The arm beam shaft shoulder only contacts with slip box entablature lower surface, is sheathed on bull reamer the second axle journal by the 4th thrust bearing, Making the 4th thrust bearing lower surface contact with second shaft shoulder of bull reamer, bull reamer is pacified through box sill bull reamer Dress and moving hole, make bull reamer and the 4th sleeve being placed in slip box entablature coaxially penetrate to the 4th thrust bearing Surface only contacts with slip box entablature lower surface, is sheathed on bull reamer the second axle journal by another the 4th thrust bearing End, screws in the 4th hex nut pretension, by sheathed for shaft coupling the first axle journal being fixed on bull reamer;
The output shaft of the second reducing motor is coaxially fixed with one with its bracket holes, and the output shaft of the second reducing motor is same with shaft coupling Axle be connected, the ring flange of the second reducing motor support is fixed on the casing upper surface of slip box entablature, make entablature it The axis hole of two slide bar cantilever beams is coaxial with two slide bar cantilever beams, by the mobile borehole jack of the second reducing motor support of entablature Enter the second reducing motor and only contact to entablature lower surface with the first cantilever beam shaft shoulder of slide bar cantilever beam, the 3rd hex nut rotation Entering the second thread segment pretension of slide bar cantilever beam, composition digs tree equipment;
The axle journal of two cantilevered axle is inserted on the plain bearing housing of the 3rd crossbeam of vehicle frame, sliding bearing lid is installed and makes it solid Being connected on vehicle frame, the ring flange of bull stick is fixed on the end cap of box sill, and the square flange carving angled support is solid It is connected on the first longeron of vehicle frame, makes bull stick be placed in the arc groove carving angled support, make the pin-and-hole of bull stick and be carved with angle Below the support of degree, first pin-and-hole is co-axially inserted an O type hand pin.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, simple in construction, easily realizes procedure auto-control, easy to operate;
2, adapting to the nursery stock differed in size in the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground, soil ball shape and size are easy to adjust;
3, the speed of cutting soil ball is fast, and operating efficiency is high, and the quality of soil ball is good, provides for improving transplanting survival rate of nursery stocks Ensure.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic perspective view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is another schematic perspective view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the top view of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the upward view of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the side view of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is that digging of the present invention sets the inclined schematic diagram of equipment.
Fig. 7 is the first driving means perspective exploded view of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the first driving means close-up schematic view of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the native bulb diameter adjusting means schematic perspective view of the present invention.
Figure 10 is the native bulb diameter adjusting means perspective exploded view of the present invention.
Figure 11 is that the retainer ring of the soil bulb diameter adjusting means of the present invention launches schematic diagram.
Figure 12 is that the slip ring of the soil bulb diameter adjusting means of the present invention launches schematic diagram.
Figure 13 is the screw rod schematic perspective view of the present invention.
Figure 14 is that digging of the present invention sets equipment schematic perspective view.
Figure 15 is that digging of the present invention sets equipment side view.
Figure 16 is box sill and the slip box entablature schematic perspective view of the present invention.
Figure 17 is slip box entablature inside and the structural upright schematic diagram of the present invention.
Figure 18 is the bottom sectional view digging tree equipment of the present invention.
Figure 19 is the top sectional view digging tree equipment of the present invention.
Figure 20 is another sectional view of bottom digging tree equipment of the present invention.
Figure 21 is another sectional view of top digging tree equipment of the present invention.
Figure 22 is the slide bar cantilever beam schematic perspective view digging tree equipment of the present invention.
Figure 23 is the bull reamer schematic perspective view digging tree equipment of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Refer to shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, the present invention be by generator 1, dolly the 2, first driving means 3, Soil ball cone angle adjusting means 4, soil bulb diameter adjusting means 5 and dig tree equipment 6 and form, generator 1, first drives Device 3, soil ball cone angle adjusting means 4, soil bulb diameter adjusting means 5 and dig tree equipment 6 be arranged on dolly 2;
Coordinating shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, described dolly 2 is by 20, two driving wheels 21 of vehicle frame and universal wheel 22 groups Becoming, vehicle frame 20 is provided with two the first longerons 23, two the second longeron the 24, the 3rd longerons 25, first crossbeams 26, two Second cross beam 27 and two the 3rd crossbeams 28;Driving wheel 21 is provided with inner hexagonal hole 211, universal wheel 22 be by support 221, First thrust bearing 222 and square flange 223 form;3rd longeron 25 is provided with square flange 251, second cross beam 27 are provided with square flange 271, and the 3rd crossbeam 28 is provided with plain bearing housing 281;
Coordinating shown in Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, the first described driving means 3 is by braking and slow down the motor 30 of one, motor Support 31, drive axle 32, two have splined shaft section semiaxis 34, two the first self-lubricating bushings of 33, two semiaxis sleeves 35,21, two the first thrust bearings of two driving wheels, 37, two the second thrust bearings 38 of 36, two connectors and two First hex nut 39 forms, and has splined shaft section semiaxis 33 and is provided with outer-hexagonal shaft part the 331, first axle journal 332, second Axle journal 333 and connection thread segment 334, semiaxis sleeve 34 is provided with circular flange dish 341 and square flange 342, connector 37 are provided with the first counterbore the 371, second counterbore 372 and ears ring 373;
Coordinating shown in Fig. 6, Figure 14 and Figure 15, described native ball cone angle adjusting means 4 is by two cantilevered axle 40, two Sliding bearing lid 41, bull stick 42, carving angled support 43 and an O type hand pin 44 forms, cantilevered axle 40 is provided with method Blue dish 401 and axle journal 402, bull stick 42 is provided with ring flange 421, pin-and-hole 422 and handle 423;Carve angled support 43 It is provided with square flange 431, arc groove 432 and several pin-and-hole 433;
Coordinating shown in Fig. 9, Figure 10, Figure 11 and Figure 12, described native bulb diameter adjusting means 5 is by retainer ring 50, slides Ring 51, first hollow strut and tie the 52, second hollow strut and tie 53 and the 2nd O type hand pin 54 form;Retainer ring 50 be by First semicircular ring the 55, second semicircular ring 56 and two semi-cylindrical type spring leafs 57 form, and the first semicircular ring 55 is provided with four Individual first monaural ring 551 and semicircle slideway 552, the second semicircular ring 56 is provided with four the first ears rings 561 and semicircle slideway 562, slip ring 51 is made up of the first half slip rings 511, the second half slip rings 512 and bearing pin 513, and the first half slip rings 511 set Having the second monaural ring 514 and the 3rd monaural ring 515, the second half slip rings 512 are provided with the 4th monaural ring 516 and the second ears ring 517, the first hollow strut and tie 52 is provided with the 3rd ears ring 521 and pin-and-hole 522, and the second hollow strut and tie 53 is provided with the 4th pair Earrings 531 and several pin-and-hole 532;
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6 and Figure 13 to Figure 23, described digs tree equipment 6 Be by box sill 60, entablature 61, slip box entablature 63, two cuboid nuts 64 of 62, two screw rods, 67, two two ends of 66, four U-shaped mild steel flat springs of 65, four bolts of two bearings be provided with ring flange the first sleeve 68, 69, four the 3rd thrust bearings of two the second self-lubricating bushings, 71, two slide bar cantilever beams of 70, two the second hex nuts 73,72, two two ends of the second sleeve that two two ends are provided with ring flange are provided with 74, two the 3rd, the 3rd sleeve of ring flange 75, four the 3rd hex nuts of self-lubricating bushing 76, two first belt wheel the 77, second belt wheels 78, transmission bands 79, first Reducing motor 80,81, two the 4th thrust bearings 82 of bull reamer, two ends are provided with the 4th sleeve the 83, the 4th of ring flange Self-lubricating bushing the 84, the 4th hex nut 85, shaft coupling the 86, second reducing motor 87 and the second reducing motor support 88 Composition;Box sill 60 is provided with square mounting hole 601, bull reamer is installed and 602, two slide bar cantilever beams of moving hole 603, two screw rods of axis hole are installed axis hole 604 is installed;Entablature 61 be provided with the 3rd reducing motor support 83 moving hole 611, Two slide bar cantilever beam 73 axis holes 612 and two screw rods install elliptical aperture 613;Slip box entablature 62 is by casing 620 Forming with two end caps 625, casing 620 is provided with two square mounting hole 621, axis hole 622, two installed by bull reamer Slide bar cantilever beam is installed 623, two screw rods of axis hole and is installed axis hole 624, and end cap 625 is provided with J-shaped suspension 626;Screw rod 63 Being provided with motion thread section the 631, first axle journal 632 and the second axle journal 633, the second axle journal 633 free end is provided with connection screw thread Section 634;Cuboid nut 64 is provided with 641, two cantilevers 642 of internal thread hole, and cantilever 642 is provided with internal thread hole 643; Bearing 65 is provided with monaural ring 651 and square flange 652, and square flange 652 is provided with two screwed holes 653;Slide bar hangs Arm beam 73 is provided with the first thread segment 731, axle journal 732, slide bar section the 733, second thread segment 734, first cantilever beam shaft shoulder 735 and the second cantilever beam shaft shoulder 736;Bull reamer 81 be provided with the first axle journal 811, thread segment the 812, second axle journal 813, Reamer section 814, conical section 815, first shaft shoulder 816 and second shaft shoulder 817;Second reducing motor support 88 is provided with installation Hole 881 and ring flange 882;
The splined shaft section with splined shaft section semiaxis 33 is connected with drive axle 32, and the first self-lubricating bushing 35 wears and is connected In semiaxis sleeve 34, the semiaxis sleeve 34 being fixed with the first self-lubricating bushing 35 is sheathed on there is splined shaft section semiaxis The circular blue dish 341 of 33 up to semiaxis sleeves 34 contacts with the axle housing of drive axle 32 and is connected, semiaxis sleeve 34 square The all bolts hole of ring flange 342 are solid with square flange 271 all bolts hole coaxial bolts group of vehicle frame 20 second cross beam 27 Even, driving wheel 21 inner hexagonal hole 211 is sheathed on has splined shaft section semiaxis 33 outer-hexagonal shaft part 331, the first thrust bearing 36 are set on first axle journal 332 with splined shaft section semiaxis 33, and connector 37 is set in has splined shaft section semiaxis 33 make its first counterbore 371 be sheathed on the first thrust bearing 36, and the second thrust bearing 38 is set in has splined shaft section half On second axle journal 333 of axle 33 so that it is connector 37 second counterbore 372 is in close contact, and the first hex nut 39 screws in There is connection thread segment 334 pretension, all bolts hole of square flange 223 of universal wheel 22 of splined shaft section semiaxis 33 It is connected with square flange 251 all bolts hole coaxial bolts group of the 3rd longeron 25 of vehicle frame 20;
Generator 1 is fixed on vehicle frame 20, and electric machine support 31 is fixed on two the second longerons 24 of vehicle frame 20, electricity Motivation 30 is fixed on electric machine support 31, and motor 30 output shaft is through the input in electric machine support 31 hole with drive axle 32 Axle is coaxially connected, and motor 30 is fixed on electric machine support 31;
Second self-lubricating bushing 69 wears and is fixed in the first sleeve 68, from the square installation of box sill casing 60 Hole 601 is inserted in it, makes the first sleeve 68 and screw rod install axis hole 604 coaxial and be connected, and the first belt wheel 77 is sheathed and consolidates Being connected on the first axle journal 632 of screw rod 63, the 3rd thrust bearing 70 is sheathed on the second axle journal 633 of screw rod 63, spiral shell Second axle journal 633 of bar 63 is arranged in the second self-lubricating bushing 69, is sheathed on by another the 3rd thrust bearing 70 again On second axle journal 633 of screw rod 63, the second hex nut 71 screws in the second axle journal 633 of screw rod 63 and connects thread segment 634 Pretension;
From the square mounting hole 601 of box sill 60, second sleeve 72 is inserted in it, make the second sleeve 72 and box The slide bar cantilever beam of sill 60 is installed axis hole 603 and coaxially and is connected, and the axle journal 722 of slide bar cantilever beam 73 is arranged in second In sleeve 72, the 3rd hex nut 76 screws in slide bar cantilever beam 73 first thread segment 721 pretension, and end cap is fixed on case On the square mounting hole 601 of type sill 60, the second belt wheel 78 is sheathed and is fixed on the first reducing motor 80 output shaft end, First reducing motor 80 is fixed on the left surface of box sill 60, and transmission band 79 is sheathed on two the first belt wheel 77 Hes On second belt wheel 78, cantilevered axle 40 is fixed on before and after box sill 60 on side by ring flange 401 symmetry;
3rd self-lubricating bushing 75 wears and is fixed in the 3rd sleeve 74, from slip box entablature 62 casing 621 Square mounting hole 621 is inserted in it, makes the 3rd sleeve 74 and slide bar cantilever beam install axis hole 623 coaxial and be connected, and the 4th Self-lubricating bushing 84 wears and is fixed in the 4th sleeve 83, from the square installation of slip box entablature 62 casing 620 Hole 621 is inserted in it, makes the 4th sleeve 83 coaxial with multi-head mincing cutter shaft hole 622 and is connected, and the 4th thrust bearing 82 is sheathed On bull reamer 81 second axle journal 823, the second axle journal 823 of bull reamer 81 is arranged in the 4th self-lubricating bushing 84 In, another the 4th thrust bearing 82 is sheathed on bull reamer 81 second axle journal 823 again, the 4th hex nut 85 Screwing in bull reamer 82 thread segment 822 pretension, a U-shaped mild steel flat spring 67 is fixed on end cap 625, another U-shaped mild steel flat spring 67 symmetry is fixed on the J-shaped suspension 626 of end cap 625, and bearing 65 monaural ring 651 is sheathed on length On the cantilever 642 of cube nut 64, bolt 66 screws in internal thread hole 643 pretension of cantilever 642, cuboid nut 64 Penetrate and in the middle of two U-shaped mild steel flat springs 67, form end cap 625 mounting assembly, end cap 625 is fixed on casing 620 On square mounting hole 621, make cuboid nut 64 and screw rod that axis hole 624 to be installed coaxial, two screwed holes 653 of bearing 65 Bolt hole coaxial bolts group corresponding with on casing 620 is connected;
It is same with two slide bar cantilever beams 73 respectively that axis hole 623 installed by two slide bar cantilever beams 73 of slip box entablature 62 Axle, two screw rod installation axis holes 624 are coaxial with two screw rods 63 respectively, and slip box entablature 62 is snapped down to two screw rods 641 times end in contact of internal thread hole of 63 upper ends and two cuboid nuts 64 only, synchronize two screw rods 63 of turn and make slip case Type entablature 62 moves downwardly to the second cantilever beam shaft shoulder 736 and slip box entablature 62 following table of slide bar cantilever beam 73 4th thrust bearing 82 only, is sheathed on bull reamer 81 second axle journal 813, makes the 4th thrust bearing 82 by face contact Lower surface contacts with second shaft shoulder 817 of bull reamer 81, and bull reamer 81 is pacified through box sill 60 bull reamer Dress and moving hole 602, make bull reamer 81 and the 4th sleeve 83 being placed in slip box entablature 62 coaxially penetrates to the Four thrust bearing 82 upper surfaces only contact with slip box entablature 62 lower surface, are overlapped by another the 4th thrust bearing 82 It is located at bull reamer 81 second axle journal 813 upper end, screws in the 4th hex nut 85 pretension, be connected sheathed for shaft coupling 86 On the first axle journal 811 of bull reamer 81;
The output shaft of the second reducing motor 87 is coaxially fixed with one with its support 88 hole, the output shaft of the second reducing motor 87 Coaxially being connected with shaft coupling 86, the ring flange 882 of the second reducing motor support 88 is fixed on slip box entablature 62 On casing 620 upper surface, make the axis hole 612 of two slide bar cantilever beams 73 of entablature 61 and two slide bar cantilever beams 73 Coaxially, the moving hole 611 of the second reducing motor support 88 of entablature 61 is inserted in the second reducing motor 87 to entablature 61 lower surfaces only contact with the first cantilever beam shaft shoulder 735 of slide bar cantilever beam 73, and the 3rd hex nut 76 screws in slide bar cantilever Second thread segment 724 pretension of beam 73, composition digs tree equipment 6;
The axle journal 402 of two cantilevered axle 40 is inserted on the plain bearing housing 281 of the 3rd crossbeam 28 of vehicle frame 20, installs Sliding bearing lid 41 also makes it be fixed on vehicle frame 20, and the ring flange 421 of bull stick 42 is fixed on the end of box sill 60 Covering, the square flange 431 carving angled support 43 is fixed on the first longeron 23 of vehicle frame 20, makes bull stick 42 It is placed in the arc groove 432 carving angled support 43, makes the pin-and-hole 422 of bull stick 42 and carve angled support 43 times First, face pin-and-hole 433 is co-axially inserted an O type hand pin 44.
The course of work and the principle of the present embodiment are as follows:
Engineering truck entrusts trolley travelling to nursery stock base to be dug, and determines soil bulb diameter according to the nursery stock trunk diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground to be dug, will be fixing Ring is fixed on nursery stock trunk to be dug away from the position that ground level is driving wheel radius, and it is sliding that slip ring sleeve is located at fixing slip ring outer circular In road, the 3rd ears ring of the first hollow pull bar and the second monaural ring of the first half slip rings and the 4th monaural of the second half slip rings Ring coaxial bolts is hinged, and the second hollow pull bar inserts the first hollow pull bar endoporus, according to required soil bulb diameter, makes first The pin-and-hole of hollow pull bar is coaxial with the relevant pin-and-hole of the second pull bar, is inserted by the 2nd O type hand pin, the second hollow pull bar The 4th ears ring hinged with the ears ring coaxial bolts of connector, according to the nursery stock trunk diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground to be dug determine soil ball cone angle, hold Live bull stick handle and extract an O type hand pin, rotate bull stick and make it on coaxial about pin-and-hole on the angled support of pin-and-hole and quarter, 2nd O type hand pin is inserted;Starter-generator, the first reducing motor work, the second belt wheel makes two first by transmission band Belt wheel synchronous axial system, two screw rod synchronous axial system of two the first band wheel drive, make two cuboid nuts entrust in slip box Crossbeam moves down along slide bar cantilever beam, when reamer conical section contacts ground, and the second reducing motor work is directly driven multi-head mincing swivel and moved, The reamer of turn with slip box entablature along slide bar cantilever beam be displaced downwardly to required cutting-in time, the first reducing motor quits work, Motor is started working, and motor output shaft directly drives drive axle, makes two semiaxis drive two driving wheel differentials to rotate, passes through Vehicle frame traction equipment moves in a circle, and does bull reamer cutting soil and work of being completely cured, the driving wheel traction of compound movement Two strut and ties and slip ring rotate in fixed axis, and slip ring slides along retainer ring outer circular slideway, when trolley travelling to week, Motor quits work, and makes dolly stop motion, the second reducing motor quit work with the brake of motor integral, and first slows down Motor starts to rotate backward, and the second belt wheel makes two the first belt wheel synchronous axial system, two the first band wheel drive two by transmission band Individual screw rod synchronous axial system, makes two cuboid nuts entrust slip box entablature and moves to suitable height along slide bar cantilever beam, First reducing motor quits work, and after two strut and ties, slip ring and retainer ring having been dismantled, uses crane by nursery stock even soil Ball is sling, and this nursery stock excacation completes.Soil bulb diameter and cone angle are easy to adjust, are fixed on two and half inside retainer ring Face of cylinder type spring leaf, can make retainer ring be firmly fixed on the nursery stock of the different trunk diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground, the first hollow pull bar and cunning Interannular is hinged and hinged to adapt to wavy terrain between the second hollow pull bar and connector;Bull reamer work in curved Square is conducted to slide bar cantilever beam by the box entablature that slides and bears, and cuboid nut is hinged is fixed on slip box entablature bearing Two monaural rings on, the elastic force of the U-shaped mild steel flat spring deformation that righting cuboid nut is easy to its assembling with screw rod is the least, Slip box entablature screw hole is elliptical aperture, so screw rod is not subject to Moment substantially.

Claims (1)

1. a native ball shape and the adjustable small-sized tree mover of size, it is characterised in that: be by generator, dolly, first Driving means, soil ball cone angle adjusting means, soil bulb diameter adjusting means and dig tree equipment composition, generator, first drive Dynamic device, soil ball cone angle adjusting means, soil bulb diameter adjusting means and dig tree equipment and be arranged on dolly;
Described dolly is made up of vehicle frame, two driving wheels and a universal wheel, vehicle frame be provided with two the first longerons, two Second longeron, the 3rd longeron, first crossbeam, two second cross beams and two the 3rd crossbeams;Driving wheel is provided with inner hexagonal hole, Universal wheel is made up of support, the first thrust bearing and square flange;3rd longeron is provided with square flange, second cross beam Being provided with square flange, the 3rd crossbeam is provided with plain bearing housing;
The first described driving means be by brake and slow down one motor, electric machine support, drive axle, two there is flower Key shaft part semiaxis, two semiaxis sleeves, two the first self-lubricating bushings, two driving wheels, two the first thrust bearings, two Individual connector, two the second thrust bearings and two the first hex nut compositions, have splined shaft section semiaxis and be provided with outer-hexagonal axle Section, the first axle journal, the second axle journal and connection thread segment, semiaxis sleeve is provided with circular flange dish and square flange, connector It is provided with the first counterbore, the second counterbore and ears ring;
Described native ball cone angle adjusting means is by two cantilevered axle, two sliding bearing lids, bull stick, angled supports at quarter Becoming with an O type hand pin bank, cantilevered axle is provided with ring flange and axle journal, and bull stick is provided with ring flange, pin-and-hole and handle;It is carved with angle The support of degree is provided with square flange, arc groove and several pin-and-hole;
Described native bulb diameter adjusting means is by retainer ring, slip ring, the first hollow strut and tie, the second hollow strut and tie and Two O type hand pin bank become;Retainer ring is made up of the first semicircular ring, the second semicircular ring and two semi-cylindrical type spring leafs, the One semicircular ring is provided with four the first monaural rings and semicircle slideway, and the second semicircular ring is provided with four the first ears rings and semicircle slideway, Slip ring is made up of the first half slip rings, the second half slip rings and bearing pin, and the first half slip rings are provided with the second monaural ring and the 3rd monaural ring, The second half slip rings are provided with the 4th monaural ring and the second ears ring, and the first hollow strut and tie is provided with the 3rd ears ring and pin-and-hole, and second Hollow strut and tie is provided with the 4th ears ring and several pin-and-hole;
Described dig tree equipment be by box sill, entablature, slip box entablature, two screw rods, two long Cube nut, two bearings, four bolts, four U-shaped mild steel flat springs, two two ends be provided with ring flange the first sleeve, Two the second self-lubricating bushings, four the 3rd thrust bearings, two the second hex nuts, two slide bar cantilever beams, two two End is provided with the second sleeve of ring flange, two two ends are provided with the 3rd sleeve of ring flange, two the 3rd self-lubricating bushings, four 3rd hex nut, two the first belt wheels, the second belt wheel, transmission band, the first reducing motor, bull reamer, two the 4th Thrust bearing, two ends be provided with the 4th sleeve of ring flange, the 4th self-lubricating bushing, the 4th hex nut, shaft coupling, second Reducing motor and the second reducing motor support composition;Box sill be provided with square mounting hole, bull reamer install and moving hole, Two slide bar cantilever beams install axis hole, two screw rods installation axis holes;Entablature be provided with the 3rd reducing motor support moving hole, two Individual slide bar cantilever beam axis hole and two screw rods install elliptical aperture;Slip box entablature is made up of casing and two end caps, case Body is provided with two square mounting hole, axis hole installed by bull reamer, two slide bar cantilever beams install axis hole, two screw rods installation axles Hole, end cap is provided with J-shaped suspension;Screw rod is provided with motion thread section, the first axle journal and the second axle journal, the second axle journal free end It is provided with connection thread segment;Cuboid nut is provided with internal thread hole, two cantilevers, and cantilever is provided with internal thread hole;Bearing is provided with list Earrings and square flange, square flange is provided with two screwed holes;Slide bar cantilever beam is provided with the first thread segment, axle journal, cunning Bar segment, the second thread segment, the first cantilever beam shaft shoulder and the second cantilever beam shaft shoulder;Bull reamer be provided with the first axle journal, thread segment, Second axle journal, reamer section, conical section, first shaft shoulder and second shaft shoulder;Second reducing motor support is provided with installing hole and flange Dish;
The splined shaft section with splined shaft section semiaxis is connected with drive axle, and the first self-lubricating bushing wears and be fixed on semiaxis sleeve In, the half-axile sleeve jacket casing being fixed with the first self-lubricating bushing is located at there is the circular blue of splined shaft section semiaxis up to semiaxis sleeve Dish contacts with the axle housing of drive axle and is connected, and all bolts hole of square flange of semiaxis sleeve are square with vehicle frame second cross beam Ring flange all bolts hole coaxial bolts group is connected, and driving wheel inner hexagonal hole is sheathed on has splined shaft section semiaxis outer-hexagonal axle Section, the first thrust bearing is set on first axle journal with splined shaft section semiaxis, and connector is set in has splined shaft section half Axle makes its first counterbore be sheathed on the first thrust bearing, and the second thrust bearing is set in second axle with splined shaft section semiaxis On neck so that it is connector the second counterbore is in close contact, the first hex nut screws in the connection thread segment with splined shaft section semiaxis And pretension, all bolts hole of square flange of universal wheel are coaxial with all bolts hole of square flange of the 3rd longeron of vehicle frame Bolt group is connected;
Generator is fixed on vehicle frame, and electric machine support is fixed on two the second longerons of vehicle frame, and motor is fixed on motor On support, motor output shaft is coaxially connected through the power shaft in electric machine support hole with drive axle, and motor is fixed on motor and props up On frame;
Second self-lubricating bushing wears and is fixed in the first sleeve, inserts it from the square mounting hole of box sill casing In, making the first sleeve and screw rod that axis hole to be installed and coaxially and be connected, the first belt wheel is sheathed and is fixed on the first axle journal of screw rod, 3rd thrust bearing is sheathed on the second axle journal of screw rod, and the second axle journal of screw rod is arranged in the second self-lubricating bushing, will be another One the 3rd thrust bearing is sheathed on the second axle journal of screw rod again, and the second hex nut screws in the second axle journal of screw rod and connects spiral shell Line section pretension;
From the square mounting hole of box sill, the second sleeve is inserted in it, make the slide bar of the second sleeve and box sill Cantilever beam is installed axis hole and coaxially and is connected, and the axle journal of slide bar cantilever beam is arranged in the second sleeve, and the 3rd hex nut screws in sliding Bar cantilevers beam the first thread segment pretension, is fixed on end cap on the square mounting hole of box sill, and the second belt wheel is sheathed and solid Due to the first reducing motor output shaft end, the first reducing motor is fixed on the left surface of box sill, and transmission band is sheathed on On two the first belt wheels and the second belt wheel, cantilevered axle is fixed on before and after box sill on side by ring flange symmetry;
3rd self-lubricating bushing wears and is fixed in the 3rd sleeve, inserts from the square mounting hole of slip box entablature casing In it, making the 3rd sleeve and slide bar cantilever beam install axis hole and coaxially and be connected, the 4th self-lubricating bushing wears and is fixed on the 4th In sleeve, insert in it from the square mounting hole of slip box entablature casing, make the 4th sleeve coaxial with multi-head mincing cutter shaft hole And be connected, the 4th thrust bearing is sheathed on bull reamer the second axle journal, and the second axle journal of bull reamer is arranged in four selfs profit In sliding lining, being sheathed on bull reamer the second axle journal by another the 4th thrust bearing, the 4th hex nut screws in bull again Reamer thread segment pretension, a U-shaped mild steel flat spring is fixed on end cap, and another U-shaped mild steel flat spring symmetry is connected On the J-shaped suspension of end cap, bearing monaural ring set is located on the cantilever of cuboid nut, and bolt screws in the internal thread hole of cantilever Pretension, cuboid nut penetrates and forms end cap mounting assembly in the middle of two U-shaped mild steel flat springs, end cap is fixed on casing On square mounting hole, make cuboid nut and screw rod that axis hole to be installed coaxial, two screwed holes bolt corresponding with on casing of bearing Hole coaxial bolts group is connected;
It is coaxial with two slide bar cantilever beams respectively that axis hole installed by two slide bar cantilever beams of slip box entablature, two screw rod peaces Dress axis hole respectively with two screw coaxials, slip box entablature is snapped down to the interior of two screw rod upper ends and two cuboid nuts Under screwed hole, end in contact is only, synchronizes two screw rods of turn and makes slip box entablature move downwardly to the second of slide bar cantilever beam to hang The arm beam shaft shoulder only contacts with slip box entablature lower surface, is sheathed on bull reamer the second axle journal by the 4th thrust bearing, Making the 4th thrust bearing lower surface contact with second shaft shoulder of bull reamer, bull reamer is pacified through box sill bull reamer Dress and moving hole, make bull reamer and the 4th sleeve being placed in slip box entablature coaxially penetrate to the 4th thrust bearing Surface only contacts with slip box entablature lower surface, is sheathed on bull reamer the second axle journal by another the 4th thrust bearing End, screws in the 4th hex nut pretension, by sheathed for shaft coupling the first axle journal being fixed on bull reamer;
The output shaft of the second reducing motor is coaxially fixed with one with its bracket holes, and the output shaft of the second reducing motor is same with shaft coupling Axle be connected, the ring flange of the second reducing motor support is fixed on the casing upper surface of slip box entablature, make entablature it The axis hole of two slide bar cantilever beams is coaxial with two slide bar cantilever beams, by the mobile borehole jack of the second reducing motor support of entablature Enter the second reducing motor and only contact to entablature lower surface with the first cantilever beam shaft shoulder of slide bar cantilever beam, the 3rd hex nut rotation Entering the second thread segment pretension of slide bar cantilever beam, composition digs tree equipment;
The axle journal of two cantilevered axle is inserted on the plain bearing housing of the 3rd crossbeam of vehicle frame, sliding bearing lid is installed and makes it solid Being connected on vehicle frame, the ring flange of bull stick is fixed on the end cap of box sill, and the square flange carving angled support is solid It is connected on the first longeron of vehicle frame, makes bull stick be placed in the arc groove carving angled support, make the pin-and-hole of bull stick and be carved with angle Below the support of degree, first pin-and-hole is co-axially inserted an O type hand pin.
CN201410387388.5A 2014-08-08 2014-08-08 A kind of soil ball shape and the adjustable small-sized tree mover of size CN104170701B (en)

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CN106797875A (en) * 2017-03-28 2017-06-06 青岛祥智电子技术有限公司 Even root takes sapling transplanter for a kind of afforestation

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CN104823808A (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-08-12 安徽三普机械有限公司 Specification control device for soil ball of tree mover
CN105594352B (en) * 2016-03-03 2018-06-01 杨志恒 A kind of flowers transplantation device
CN107135900B (en) * 2017-06-17 2019-07-16 平湖先行园艺工程有限公司 A kind of tree mover
CN107372024A (en) * 2017-09-06 2017-11-24 安徽三普智能重工有限公司 A kind of hand propelled tree mover
CN107372023A (en) * 2017-09-06 2017-11-24 安徽三普智能重工有限公司 A kind of adjustable digging tree device
CN108990475B (en) * 2018-06-29 2021-03-02 铜陵祥意和贸易有限责任公司 Simple sapling planting equipment

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CN202857448U (en) * 2012-10-15 2013-04-10 江苏省丰垒果蔬特种机械研制有限公司 Multifunctional tree mover with no additional weight
CN203723195U (en) * 2014-01-22 2014-07-23 山东德州恒特重工有限公司 Tree transplanter provided with pin shaft and soil removing device
CN203968844U (en) * 2014-08-08 2014-12-03 昆明学院 A kind of native ball shape and the adjustable small-sized tree mover of size

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JP5160588B2 (en) * 2010-04-21 2013-03-13 株式会社葉隠緑化建設 Tree transplanter
CN202773587U (en) * 2012-06-16 2013-03-13 丑纪行 Tree moving truck
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