CN104170684B - There is the multi-functional photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse of self-cleaning function - Google Patents

There is the multi-functional photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse of self-cleaning function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104170684B
CN104170684B CN201410404979.9A CN201410404979A CN104170684B CN 104170684 B CN104170684 B CN 104170684B CN 201410404979 A CN201410404979 A CN 201410404979A CN 104170684 B CN104170684 B CN 104170684B
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heat
water
collecting box
photovoltaic module
port
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CN104170684A (en
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査超麟
季马贵
王慧
石金鹰
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Jiangsu love Energy Research Institute Co., Ltd.
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SUZHOU AIKANG LOW CARBON TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/60Thermal-PV hybrids
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of multi-functional photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse with self-cleaning function, it comprise photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse canopy body, cleaning device, remove condensation device, drip irrigation sprinkler irrigation fertilization integrated apparatus and heat-exchanger rig.The multi-functional photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse that the present invention has self-cleaning function has and automatically can clean photovoltaic module, improves photovoltaic module operating efficiency, economize energy, optimizes the advantage of crop growth environment.

Description

There is the multi-functional photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse of self-cleaning function
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of multi-functional photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse with self-cleaning function.
Background technology
Because the solar energy only in certain spectral range can produce photoelectric effect, the solar energy be actually projected in photovoltaic panel only has 15% left/right rotation to turn to electric energy, and more than 85% remaining solar energy is all converted into heat energy and is discharged in environment.Current domestic photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse project is a lot, but is all adopt crystal silicon or amorphous silicon thin-film module to be laid on greenhouse body, just merely generates electricity, and does not process its heat.
On the one hand, take away this part heat not in time and the temperature of photovoltaic cell can be made to raise, cause electricity conversion to decline; On the other hand, the temperature at agricultural greenhouse night is lower, can affect the growth of crop, and we need to heat up to booth usually, heat up and need to use mass energy.
Because solar photovoltaic assembly needs the irradiation accepting sunlight disposed in the outdoor, so dust, snow, birds droppings, ice can be piled up unavoidably on the surface of photovoltaic module, the light radiation that photovoltaic module surface receives can be affected like this, thus affect generating efficiency further.In addition, because the barrier piled up can form shade, will hot spot effect be partially formed at photovoltaic module and then reduce the generating efficiency of assembly, even burn assembly.The most frequently used, the most effective cell panel surface clean mode is manual cleaning at present.This cleaning way workload is large especially, and waste water resource, cost of labor is high.
Photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse traditional in addition also exists cannot remove preferably on ceiling and forms a large amount of condensations, causes affecting plant growth; Irrigation form for crop is single, cannot meet the irrigation demand of Different Crop and different growth cycle.Therefore need to seek one automatically to clean photovoltaic module, improve photovoltaic module operating efficiency, economize energy, the photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse optimizing crop growth environment is particularly important.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned deficiency, provide one automatically can clean photovoltaic module, improve photovoltaic module operating efficiency, economize energy, optimize the multi-functional photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse with self-cleaning function of crop growth environment.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this:
There is a multi-functional photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse for self-cleaning function, it comprise photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse canopy body, cleaning device, remove condensation device, drip irrigation sprinkler irrigation fertilization integrated apparatus and heat-exchanger rig;
Cleaning device comprises the photovoltaic module that canopy body pitched roof sunny slope is laid, the lower limb of photovoltaic module is provided with the conveyer belt of lateral arrangement, conveyer belt is provided with a Mobile base, Mobile base is provided with a rotating seat, rotating seat is provided with a brush stroke upwards arranged, brush stroke is provided with hairbrush, photovoltaic module upper surface is close to by hairbrush, conveyer belt is by first driven by motor of its left end, brush stroke is by the second driven by motor of on rotating seat, canopy body top is also provided with a water supply line, water supply line offers a row and to supply water aperture towards the side of photovoltaic module along its length,
The exhaust duct going condensation device to comprise the top in canopy body to arrange along canopy body length direction, exhaust duct is provided with multiple vent arranged along exhaust duct length direction towards the both sides of pitched roof, one end of exhaust duct connects a fan blower by air supply duct, the bottom of two pitched roofs in booth is provided with the interior water leg arranged along canopy body length direction, and the low side of interior water leg is connected to a cistern by drainage pipeline;
Heat-exchanger rig comprises photovoltaic module, heat exchange pipeline, heat exchanger, heat-collecting box and heat pipeline, the bottom of described photovoltaic module is provided with heat-insulation layer, described heat exchange pipeline is back to the Heating medium of heat exchanger through the heat-insulation layer of photovoltaic module from the outlet of the heating agent of heat exchanger, the top of described heat-collecting box is provided with heat-collecting box water inlet, the bottom of described heat-collecting box is provided with heat-collecting box delivery port, the first water pipe is connected with between heat-collecting box water inlet and the delivery port of heat exchanger, the second water pipe is connected with between heat-collecting box delivery port and the water inlet of heat exchanger, second water pipe is provided with water pump, heat the water inlet of pipeline and being connected for water end (W.E.) of heat-collecting box top, the backwater end of the water side and heat-collecting box bottom that heat pipeline is connected.
Preferred as one, drip irrigation sprinkler irrigation fertilization integrated apparatus comprises cistern, fertilizer dissolving tank, main pipeline and branch pipe(tube), the top of fertilizer dissolving tank is provided with charging box, feeding tube is connected with between charging box and fertilizer dissolving tank, the delivery port of cistern connects fertilizer dissolving tank, the delivery port of fertilizer dissolving tank connects the water inlet of main pipeline, main pipeline is connected with many branch pipe(tube)s, every root branch pipe(tube) is provided with multiple drip irrigation and sprays dual-purpose head.
Preferred as one, drip irrigation dual-purpose head of spraying is three-port structure, and the first port of three-port structure is threeway water inlet, and threeway water inlet is horizontally disposed, threeway water inlet connecting branch road, second port of three-port structure is shower head, and shower head is upwards arranged, shower head is arranged jet pipe hole, the third connectivity mouth of three-port structure is drip head, drip head is arranged downwards, drip head is connected with many drip irrigation hoses, and the inside of three-port structure is provided with a threeway rotary switch.
Preferred as one, the low side of interior water leg is connected to cistern by drainage pipeline.
Preferred as one, photovoltaic module comprises frame, and in frame, lamination has light penetrating panel, upper strata EVA adhesive film, photovoltaic cell, lower floor's EVA adhesive film, TPT insulating barrier, absorber plate and heat-insulation layer from top to bottom.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
The multi-functional photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse that the present invention has self-cleaning function has and automatically can clean photovoltaic module, improves photovoltaic module operating efficiency, economize energy, optimizes the advantage of crop growth environment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that the present invention has the cleaning device of the multi-functional photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse of self-cleaning function.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation removing condensation device that the present invention has the multi-functional photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse of self-cleaning function.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that the present invention has the drip irrigation sprinkler irrigation fertilization integrated apparatus of the multi-functional photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse of self-cleaning function.
Fig. 4 is that drip irrigation is sprayed the structural representation of dual-purpose head.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation that the present invention has the heat-exchanger rig of the multi-functional photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse of self-cleaning function.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of photovoltaic module.
Wherein:
Canopy body 1
Photovoltaic module 2, frame 2.1, light penetrating panel 2.2, upper strata EVA adhesive film 2.3, photovoltaic cell 2.4, lower floor's EVA adhesive film 2.5, TPT insulating barrier 2.6, absorber plate 2.7, heat-insulation layer 2.8
Conveyer belt 3
Mobile base 4
Brush stroke 5
First motor 6
Outer water leg 7
Exhaust duct 8, vent 8.1
Fan blower 9
Interior water leg 10
Cistern 11, water supply pipe 11.1, rainwater-collecting pipeline 11.2
Fertilizer dissolving tank 12, charging box 12.1, feeding tube 12.2, screen pack 12.3
Main pipeline 13
Branch pipe(tube) 14
Drip irrigation spray dual-purpose 15, threeway water inlet 15.1, shower head 15.2, drip head 15.3, threeway rotary switch 15.4
Heat exchange pipeline 16
Heat exchanger 17
Heat-collecting box 18
Heat pipeline 19
Inverter controller 20
Water supply line 21.
Embodiment
See Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 6, a kind of multi-functional photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse with self-cleaning function that the present invention relates to, it comprise photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse canopy body 1, cleaning device, remove condensation device, drip irrigation sprinkler irrigation fertilization integrated apparatus and heat-exchanger rig.
Cleaning device comprises the photovoltaic module 2 that canopy body pitched roof sunny slope is laid, the lower limb of photovoltaic module 2 is provided with the conveyer belt 3 of lateral arrangement, the length of conveyer belt 3 is consistent with canopy body length, conveyer belt 3 is provided with a Mobile base 4, Mobile base 4 is provided with a rotating seat, rotating seat is provided with a brush stroke upwards arranged 5, brush stroke 5 is provided with hairbrush, the length of hairbrush is consistent with canopy body width, brush stroke 5 can do 0 ° ~ 90 ° rotations around rotating seat, photovoltaic module 2 upper surface is close to by hairbrush, conveyer belt 3 is driven by first motor 6 of its left end, brush stroke 5 is by the second driven by motor of on rotating seat.The below of conveyer belt 3 is provided with outer water leg 7.Canopy body top is also provided with a water supply line 21, water supply line 21 offers a row and to supply water aperture towards the side of photovoltaic module 2 along its length, the right-hand member of water supply line 21 connects downward aqueduct, aqueduct is provided with a water pump, and the lower end of aqueduct is communicated to a cistern.
The exhaust duct 8 going condensation device to comprise the top in canopy body to arrange along canopy body length direction, exhaust duct 8 is provided with multiple vent 8.1 arranged along exhaust duct 8 length direction towards the both sides of booth pitched roof, one end of exhaust duct 8 connects a fan blower 9 by air supply duct, the other end sealing of exhaust duct 8, the bottom of two pitched roofs in booth is provided with the interior water leg 10 arranged along canopy body length direction, and the low side of interior water leg 10 is connected to a cistern 11 by drainage pipeline.
Drip irrigation sprinkler irrigation fertilization integrated apparatus comprises cistern 11, fertilizer dissolving tank 12, main pipeline 13 and branch pipe(tube) 14, described cistern 11 is provided with two water inlets, a water inlet connects water supply pipe 11.1, water supply pipe is provided with magnetic valve, another water inlet connects drainage pipeline 11.2, drainage pipeline 11.2 is provided with hand-operated valve, the top of fertilizer dissolving tank 12 is provided with charging box 12.1, feeding tube 12.2 is connected with between charging box 12.1 and fertilizer dissolving tank 12, feeding tube 12.2 is provided with hand-operated valve, the delivery port of fertilizer dissolving tank 12 is provided with screen pack 12.3, the delivery port of cistern 11 connects fertilizer dissolving tank 12, the delivery port of fertilizer dissolving tank 12 connects the water inlet of main pipeline 13, fertilizer dissolving tank 12 and the connecting pipe of main pipeline 13 are provided with magnetic valve, main pipeline 13 is connected with many branch pipe(tube)s 14, every root branch pipe(tube) 14 is provided with multiple drip irrigation and sprays dual-purpose 15, drip irrigation sprays dual-purpose 15 for three-port structure, first port of three-port structure is threeway water inlet 15.1, threeway water inlet 15.1 is horizontally disposed, threeway water inlet 15.1 connecting branch road 14, second port of three-port structure is shower head 15.2, shower head 15.2 is upwards arranged, shower head 15.2 is arranged jet pipe hole, the third connectivity mouth of three-port structure is drip head 15.3, drip head 15.3 is arranged downwards, drip head 15.3 is connected with many drip irrigation hoses, the inside of three-port structure is provided with a threeway rotary switch 15.4.
Heat-exchanger rig comprises photovoltaic module 2, heat exchange pipeline 16, heat exchanger 17, heat-collecting box 18 and heats pipeline 19.Heat exchange pipeline 16 is communicated in canopy body, described photovoltaic module 2 comprises frame 2.1, and in frame 2.1, lamination has light penetrating panel 2.2, upper strata EVA(ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer from top to bottom) glued membrane 2.3, photovoltaic cell 2.4, lower floor's EVA adhesive film 2.5, TPT(polyvinyl fluoride composite membrane) insulating barrier 2.6, absorber plate 2.7 and heat-insulation layer 2.8.Described heat exchange pipeline 16 is back to the Heating medium of heat exchanger 17 through the heat-insulation layer 2.8 of photovoltaic module 2 from the outlet of the heating agent of heat exchanger 17, heat exchange pipeline 16 is provided with expansion valve 16.1, the top of described heat-collecting box 18 is provided with heat-collecting box water inlet, the bottom of described heat-collecting box 18 is provided with heat-collecting box delivery port, the first water pipe is connected with between the delivery port of heat-collecting box water inlet and heat exchanger 17, the second water pipe is connected with between the water inlet of heat-collecting box delivery port and heat exchanger 17, second water pipe is provided with water pump, heat the water inlet of pipeline 19 and being connected for water end (W.E.) of heat-collecting box 18 top, the water side heating pipeline 19 is connected with the backwater end of heat-collecting box 18 bottom, the water inlet place heating pipeline 19 is provided with the first valve, the water side place heating pipeline 19 is provided with the second valve.Photovoltaic module 2 also connects an inverter controller 20, and inverter controller 20 connects electrical network.Inverter controller 20 also connects an accumulator.The electric energy of power consumer apparatus all above all derives from accumulator.
Operation principle:
Cleaning device: the first motor makes the running Mobile base of conveyer belt move horizontally, second motor makes the brush stroke on rotating seat rotate, like this in the process of hairbrush automatic horizontal movement, again constantly carrying out the repeatedly scouring within the scope of 90 °, enhance cleaning capacity.In addition, a collecting basin is placed on the side of booth, for collecting the draining of rainy day booth, recycle, the water collected is transported to water supply line, rinse water is flowed out by water supply aperture, such one side flowing water from top to bottom, while clean with hairbrush, improve cleaning efficiency and cleannes, also save water resource.
Remove condensation device: when having one deck fog above booth, start fan blower, at this moment vent place has fine and closely woven wind constantly to produce by boasting along against booth direction, such fog constantly by wind, in the current that congeal into just in time all flow into along the inclined plane bottom booth pitched roof in water leg, and can not become drip dew drip everywhere, the water in interior water leg is stored to cistern by drainage pipeline and collects, and recycles.This method, low being also easy to of cost realizes, and goes condensation effect also fine.
Drip irrigation sprinkler irrigation fertilization integrated apparatus: photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse inside is provided with air humidity sensor, is provided with soil humidity sensor, is provided with liquid level sensor in cistern in the soil in photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse.Liquid level sensor in cistern senses that water supply pipe starts to discharge water when water level is lower than certain value, when water level reaches setting value, stops discharging water.According to plant growth needs, in fertilizer dissolving tank, add corresponding fertilizer by charging box, can labour be reduced, improve fertilising efficiency.Add last layer screen pack in the exit of fertilizer dissolving tank, reduce the blocking of dual-purpose head that drip irrigation sprayed.According to the layout of the vegetation in booth, suitably lay main pipeline, main pipeline sets up branch pipe(tube), branch pipe(tube) is installed drip irrigation and to spray dual-purpose head.According to other situation in the data of soil humidity sensor and air humidity sensor and comprehensive booth, easily and flexibly irrigation method can be adjusted to drip irrigation or sprinkling irrigation.Spray cans head is large-area watering everywhere upwards, and drip head is equipped with some drip irrigation hoses, reaches below vegetation and adds water to vegetation.The power source of above-described various control is in the generating of photovoltaic module, and above this method both can be increased irrigation efficiency, and can using water wisely, improves the output of crops, saves cost.
Heat-exchanger rig: daytime, illumination condition is sufficient, and the heat absorption that photovoltaic cell sends by the absorber plate in photovoltaic module passes to heat-insulation layer, and the heat of photovoltaic cell self reduces, and improves electricity conversion.Close the first valve and the second valve, open water pump, the heat in heat-insulation layer is absorbed by the heating agent in heat exchange pipeline, and heating agent carries out heat exchange with the water that feeds in heat-collecting box in heat exchanger, and the water temperature in heat-collecting box is increased.At night, open the first valve and the second valve, switch off the pump, the hot water in heat-collecting box is delivered to agricultural greenhouse inside heats by heating pipeline, provides good crop growth environment.

Claims (5)

1. there is a multi-functional photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse for self-cleaning function, it is characterized in that it comprise photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse canopy body, cleaning device, remove condensation device, drip irrigation sprinkler irrigation fertilization integrated apparatus and heat-exchanger rig;
Cleaning device comprises the photovoltaic module (2) that canopy body pitched roof sunny slope is laid, the lower limb of photovoltaic module (2) is provided with the conveyer belt (3) of lateral arrangement, conveyer belt (3) is provided with a Mobile base (4), Mobile base (4) is provided with a rotating seat, rotating seat is provided with a brush stroke upwards arranged (5), (5) are provided with hairbrush to brush stroke, photovoltaic module (2) upper surface is close to by hairbrush, conveyer belt (3) is driven by first motor (6) of its left end, brush stroke (5) is by the second driven by motor of on rotating seat, canopy body top is also provided with a water supply line (21), water supply line (21) offers a row and to supply water aperture towards the side of photovoltaic module (2) along its length,
An exhaust duct (8) of going condensation device to comprise the top in canopy body to arrange along canopy body length direction, exhaust duct (8) is provided with multiple vent (8.1) arranged along exhaust duct (8) length direction towards the both sides of pitched roof, one end of exhaust duct (8) connects a fan blower (9) by air supply duct, the bottom of two pitched roofs in booth is provided with the interior water leg (10) arranged along canopy body length direction, and the low side of interior water leg (10) is connected to a cistern (11) by drainage pipeline;
Heat-exchanger rig comprises photovoltaic module (2), heat exchange pipeline (16), heat exchanger (17), heat-collecting box (18) and heat pipeline (19), the bottom of described photovoltaic module (2) is provided with heat-insulation layer (2.8), described heat exchange pipeline (16) is back to the Heating medium of heat exchanger (17) from the heat-insulation layer (2.8) of heating agent outlet through photovoltaic module (2) of heat exchanger (17), the top of described heat-collecting box (18) is provided with heat-collecting box water inlet, the bottom of described heat-collecting box (18) is provided with heat-collecting box delivery port, the first water pipe is connected with between the delivery port of heat-collecting box water inlet and heat exchanger (17), the second water pipe is connected with between the water inlet of heat-collecting box delivery port and heat exchanger (17), second water pipe is provided with water pump, heat the water inlet of pipeline (19) and being connected for water end (W.E.) of heat-collecting box (18) top, the water side heating pipeline (19) is connected with the backwater end of heat-collecting box (18) bottom.
2. a kind of multi-functional photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse with self-cleaning function according to claim 1, it is characterized in that drip irrigation sprinkler irrigation fertilization integrated apparatus comprises cistern (11), fertilizer dissolving tank (12), main pipeline (13) and branch pipe(tube) (14), the top of fertilizer dissolving tank (12) is provided with charging box (12.1), feeding tube (12.2) is connected with between charging box (12.1) and fertilizer dissolving tank (12), the delivery port of cistern (11) connects fertilizer dissolving tank (12), the delivery port of fertilizer dissolving tank (12) connects the water inlet of main pipeline (13), main pipeline (13) is connected with many branch pipe(tube)s (14), every root branch pipe(tube) (14) is provided with multiple drip irrigation to spray dual-purpose head (15).
3. a kind of multi-functional photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse with self-cleaning function according to claim 2, it is characterized in that drip irrigation dual-purpose head (15) of spraying is three-port structure, first port of three-port structure is threeway water inlet (15.1), threeway water inlet (15.1) is horizontally disposed, threeway water inlet (15.1) connecting branch road (14), second port of three-port structure is shower head (15.2), shower head (15.2) is upwards arranged, (15.2) arrange jet pipe hole to shower head, the third connectivity mouth of three-port structure is drip head (15.3), drip head (15.3) is arranged downwards, (15.3) are connected with many drip irrigation hoses to drip head, the inside of three-port structure is provided with a threeway rotary switch (15.4).
4. a kind of multi-functional photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse with self-cleaning function according to Claims 2 or 3, is characterized in that the low side of interior water leg (10) is connected to cistern (11) by drainage pipeline.
5. a kind of multi-functional photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse with self-cleaning function according to claim 1, it is characterized in that photovoltaic module (2) comprises frame (2.1), in frame (2.1), lamination has light penetrating panel (2.2), upper strata EVA adhesive film (2.3), photovoltaic cell (2.4), lower floor's EVA adhesive film (2.5), TPT insulating barrier (2.6), absorber plate (2.7) and heat-insulation layer (2.8) from top to bottom.
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CN105746240A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-07-13 中利腾晖光伏科技有限公司 Photovoltaic greenhouse
CN106857094A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-06-20 青岛恒新辉瑞工业技术有限公司 A kind of multifunctional ecological agricultural planting greenhouse
CN107360822B (en) * 2017-07-24 2018-08-03 云南耀创能源开发有限公司 A kind of water-saving system for photovoltaic and greening composite roof
CN108575429B (en) * 2018-04-25 2020-11-10 温州大学激光与光电智能制造研究院 Intelligent cleaning device for agricultural greenhouse

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